MUSSELp
 
MUSSELpdb
 
 
 

Page last updated
9 August
2018

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The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World
(and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the search fields. Either way, you win!

Taxa known only as fossils are highlighted in gray. Those without representatives in fresh waters are highlighted in gold.

 

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Bivalvia | Unionoida | Unionidae | Toxolasma
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NOTICE! This version of the MUSSELpdb online is no longer supported or up-to-date. It will be removed from this web site in the summer of 2019.

Click here to view these data in the current, updated version. Or, click here to browse from the starting page.

Toxolasma lividum Rafinesque, 1831: species synonymy
  View specimens: 2 specimens, Red List Status: least concern

   Recent References
   = Toxolasma lividum Rafinesque, 1831. — Williams et al. (2017).
   = Toxolasma lividus. — Mitchell et al. (2016).
   = Toxolasma lividum. — Jones (2015).
   + Toxolasma lividus grans [sic]. — Kongim et al. (2015).
   + Toxolasma cylindrellus (Lea, 1868). — IUCN (2012).
   = Toxolasma lividus Rafinesque, 1831. — ITIS (2012).
   = Toxolasma lividum (Rafinesque, 1831). — IUCN (2012).
   = Toxolasma lividum (Rafinesque, 1831). — Campbell & Lydeard (2012).
   = Toxolasma lividus Rafinesque, 1831. — Haag (2012).
   = Toxolasma lividum Rafinesque, 1831. — McMurray et al. (2012).

Toxolasma lividus Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 2.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 72.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio glans Lea, 1831.
Lea, 1831, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 82, pl. 8, fig. 12.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85312, New Harmony, Ind.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio moestus Lea, 1841.
Lea, 1841, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 82 [as ‘mœstus’].
Lea, 1842, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 244 [82], pl. 26, fig. 60 [as ‘mæstus’].
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85320, French Broad R., E Tenn.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio maestus Lea, 1842.
Lea, 1842, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 244 [82], pl. 26, fig. 60 [as ‘mæstus’].
Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 31 [as ‘mæstus’].
(error for Unio moestus Lea, 1841)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Carunculina glans moaesta R.I. Johnson, 1980.
R.I. Johnson, 1980, Bull. MCZ: 94.
(error for Unio moestus Lea, 1841)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Toxolasma lividus grans Kongim et al., 2015.
Kongim et al., 2015, ZooKeys: 103.
(error for Unio glans Lea, 1831)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
 
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