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Page last updated
9 August
2018

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The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World
(and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the search fields. Either way, you win!

Taxa known only as fossils are highlighted in gray. Those without representatives in fresh waters are highlighted in gold.

 

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Bivalvia | Unionoida | Unionidae | Unio
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NOTICE! This version of the MUSSELpdb online is no longer supported or up-to-date. It will be removed from this web site in the summer of 2019.

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Unio caffer Krauss, 1848: species synonymy
  View specimens: 186 specimens, Red List Status: least concern

   Recent References
   = Unio caffer Krauss, 1848. — Froufe et al. (2016).
   = Cafferia caffra (Krauss, 1848). — Marshall et al. (2014).
   = Cafferia caffra. — Reis et al. (2013).
   = Cafferia caffra (Krauss, 1848). — Graf & Cummings (2011).
   = Unio caffer Krauss, 1848. — Whelan et al. (2011).
   = Unio caffer Krauss, 1848. — IUCN (2010).
   = Cafferia caffra Krauss, 1848. — Bogan (2010).
   = Unio caffer Krauss, 1848. — Araujo et al. (2009).
   + Cafferia caffer. — Jadhav & Jamkhedkar (2009).
   = Cafferia caffra. — Hoeh et al. (2009).

Unio caffer Krauss, 1848.
Krauss, 1848, Südafrik. Moll.: 18, pl. 1, fig. 14.
Type(s): TYPE SMF_XXX, Rivers of Natal.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio zeyheri Menke, 1848.
Menke, 1848, Z. Malak.: 28.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio cyamus Philippi, 1853.
Philippi, 1853, Z. Malak.: 125.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio africanus Lea, 1856.
Lea, 1856, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 94.
Lea, 1857, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 300 [20], pl. 27, fig. 15.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE USNM_85233, C. Good Hope.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio caffer Küster, 1856.
‘Krauss’ Küster, 1856, Conchyl. Cab.: 143, pl. 42, fig. 3 [in part].
(reference to Unio caffer Küster, 1856)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio caffer Küster, 1856.
‘Krauss’ Küster, 1856, Conchyl. Cab.: 143, pl. 42, fig. 2 [in part].
(reference to Unio caffer Krauss, 1848)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio niloticus Küster, 1856.
‘Caillaud’ Küster, 1856, Conchyl. Cab.: 158, pl. 45, fig. 5.
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio niloticus Cailliaud, 1827)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio verrauxi Küster, 1856.
‘Charpentier mss.’ Küster, 1856, Conchyl. Cab.: 150, pl. 43, fig. 6.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio verreauianus Lea, 1856.
Lea, 1856, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 94.
Lea, 1857, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 301 [21], pl. 27, fig. 16.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE USNM_84418 (selected by Boyko & Sage, 1996), C. Good Hope.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio diminutis Lea, 1859.
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 151.
(incorrect original spelling of Unio diminutus Lea, 1859)
Type(s): LECTOTYPE BMNH_1965165, East Africa.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio diminutus Lea, 1859.
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 151 [as ‘diminutis’].
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 254, pl. 39, fig. 134.
(correct name for Unio diminutis Lea, 1859)
Type(s): BMNH_1965165, East Africa.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio gratiosus Küster, 1861.
‘Parreiss in sched.’ Küster, 1861, Conchyl. Cab.: 239, pl. 80, fig. 3.
(prim. homonym of Unio gratiosus Philippi, 1843)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio natalensis Lea, 1864.
Lea, 1864, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 113.
Lea, 1866, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 59 [63], pl. 20, fig. 57.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (MONOTYPY) ANSP_41686, Umpingave River, Natal, S. Afr.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio (Hyridella) hygapanus O. Boettger, 1866.
O. Boettger, 1866, Ber. Senckenb. Naturf. Ges.: 26, pl. 2, fig. 5.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE SMF_3441, Hygap ostl. v. Keheum, S. Kalahari.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio zelebori Dunker, 1866.
Dunker, 1866, Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien: 915.
(prim. homonym of Unio zelebori Zelebor, 1851)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio (Hyridella) fissidens O. Boettger, 1866.
O. Boettger, 1866, Ber. Senckenb. Naturf. Ges.: 27, pl. 2, figs. 6-7.
Type(s): TYPE SMF_3442, Hygap ostl. v. Keheum, S. Kalahari.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio rectilinearis Sowerby, 1868.
Sowerby, 1868, Conch. Icon.: pl. 65, sp. 332.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE BMNH_74-12-11-4, Riv. Columbia.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio verrauianus Sowerby, 1868.
‘Lea’ Sowerby, 1868, Conch. Icon.: pl. 69, sp. 352.
(error for Unio verreauianus Lea, 1856)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio teyheri Lea, 1870.
‘Menke’ Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 64.
(error for Unio zeyheri Menke, 1848)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio verreauxianus Lea, 1870.
‘Lea’ Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 36.
‘Lea’ Kobelt, 1910, Abh. Senckenb. Naturf. Ges.: 85.
(error for Unio verreauianus Lea, 1856)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio gracilis Jickeli, 1874.
‘Parreyss’ Jickeli, 1874, Nova Acta Dtsch. Akad. Naturf.: 280.
(intro'd as syn of Unio diminutus Lea, 1859)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio vaalensis Chaper, 1885.
Chaper, 1885, Bull. Soc. Zool. France: 480, pl. 11, figs. 1-3.
Type(s): SYNTYPES MNHN_MP_0180, la Vaal, Afrique Australe.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio gratiosus Paetel, 1890.
Paetel, 1890, Cat. Conch.-Samml.: 154.
(reference to Unio gratiosus Küster, 1861)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio verreauxi Smith, 1891.
‘Kuster’ Of Authors.
Smith, 1891, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist.: 319.
Sturany, 1899, Denk. Ak. Wien: 627.
Connolly, 1925, Rec. Albany Mus.: [1].
Connolly, 1939, Ann. S. Afr. Mus.: 608.
(error for Unio verrauxi Küster, 1856)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio caffer var. pentheri Sturany, 1898.
Sturany, 1898, Anz. Kais. Akad. Wiss. , Math.-Nat. Classe: 161.
Sturany, 1899, Denk. Ak. Wien: 627, pl. 3, figs. 64-65.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio caffer Krauss, 1848)
Type(s): SYNTYPES NMW_XXX, Panda ma tinka (Zambezi drainage).
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio charon Preston, 1910.
Preston, 1910, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist.: 60, pl. 4, fig. 6.
Type(s): FIGURED SYNTYPE MRAC_56592, Brit. C. Afr.: Silongwe.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio mashonae Preston, 1910.
Preston, 1910, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist.: 61, pl. 4, fig. 10 [as ‘mashonæ’].
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (ORIG. DESIG.) BMNH_1910-1-15-6, Banks of a strait, or on the veldt about 16 miles from Enkeldoorn, Mashonaland.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio vicinus Preston, 1910.
Preston, 1910, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist.: 60, pl. 4, fig. 7.
(prim. homonym of Unio vicinus Lea, 1856; renamed Unio silongweensis Preston, 1912)
Type(s): FIGURED SYNTYPE MRAC_56589, Brit. C. Afr.: Silongwe.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio silongweensis Preston, 1912.
Preston, 1912, Nautilus: 35.
(new name for Unio vicinus Preston, 1910)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio (Cafferia) connollyi Pilsbry, 1923.
Pilsbry, 1923, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 276, text fig. 1; pl. 19, figs. 3-4.
Pilsbry & Bequaert, 1927, Bull. AMNH: 380.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (ORIG. DESIG.) ANSP_125501A, Port Natal, Africa.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Cafferia caffra obesa Connolly, 1925.
Connolly, 1925, Rec. Albany Mus.: 261, pl. 1, figs. 1-4.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio caffer Krauss, 1848)
Type(s): POSSIBLE SYNTYPES MCZ_52457, Bushmans River, Alicedale, South Africa.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
 
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