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Page last updated
9 August
2018

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The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World
(and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the search fields. Either way, you win!

Taxa known only as fossils are highlighted in gray. Those without representatives in fresh waters are highlighted in gold.

 

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Bivalvia | Unionoida | Unionidae | Ortmanniana
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NOTICE! This version of the MUSSELpdb online is no longer supported or up-to-date. It will be removed from this web site in the summer of 2019.

Click here to view these data in the current, updated version. Or, click here to browse from the starting page.

Ortmanniana ligamentina (Lamarck, 1819): species synonymy
  View specimens: 9 specimens, Red List Status: least concern

   Recent References
   = Actinonaias ligamentina (Lamarck, 1819). — Bolotov et al. (2018).
   = Actinonaias ligamentina (Lamarck, 1819). — Bolotov et al. (2017).
   = Actinonaias ligamentina (Lamarck, 1819). — Williams et al. (2017).
   = Actinonaias ligamentina (Lamarck, 1819). — Lopes-Lima et al. (2017).
   = Actinonaias ligamentina (Lamarck, 1819). — Bolotov et al. (2017).
   = Actinonaias ligamentina. — Chong et al. (2016).
   = Actinonaias ligamentina. — Jones (2015).
   = Actinonaias ligamentina. — Krebs et al. (2013).
   + Actinonaias carinata gibba Simpson. — ITIS (2012).
   = Actinonaias ligamentina (Lamarck, 1819). — Szumowski et al. (2012).

Unio crassus Say, 1817.
Lister, 1685, Conch.: pl. 150, fig. 5.
Bruguière, 1797, Encycl. Méth.: pl. 249, fig. 1 [as Unio sp.].
‘LeSueur’ Say, 1817, Nich. Encyc.: [11], pl. 1, fig. 8.
‘LeSueur’ Say, 1819, Nich. Encyc.: [16], pl. 1, fig. 8.
Say, 1858, [in] Binney, Compl. Writings T. Say: 49.
(prim. homonym of Unio crassus Retzius, 1788)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio crassidens Lamarck, 1819.
Lamarck, 1819, Hist. Natur. Anim. sans Vert.: 71, sp. 3, var. c [in part].
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio crassidens Lamarck, 1819)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio ligamentina Lamarck, 1819.
Lamarck, 1819, Hist. Natur. Anim. sans Vert.: 72, sp. 7.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE MNHN_MPL_0039, rapporte de l’Ohio.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio (Elliptio) fasciata Rafinesque, 1820.
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag.: 355 [as ‘Potamilus fasciatus’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys.: 294.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 40.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20222, Kentucky River.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio (Elliptio) fasciata var. alternata Rafinesque, 1820.
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys.: 294.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 40.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio fasciata Rafinesque, 1820)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio (Elliptio) fasciata var. cuprea Rafinesque, 1820.
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys.: 294.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 40.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio fasciata Rafinesque, 1820)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio (Elliptio) fasciata var. nigrofasciata Rafinesque, 1820.
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys.: 294.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 40.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio fasciata Rafinesque, 1820)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio carinatus Barnes, 1823.
Barnes, 1823, Amer. J. Sci.: 259, pl. 11, fig. 10.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio ellipticus Barnes, 1823.
Barnes, 1823, Amer. J. Sci.: 259, pl. 13, fig. 19.
(prim. homonym of Unio elliptica Rafinesque, 1820)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Mya gravis Wood, 1828.
Wood, 1828, Suppl. Index Testac.: 3, pl. 1, sp. 6.
Hanley in Wood & Hanley, 1856, Index Testac.: 199, pl. 1, fig. 6.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio cariosus Wood, 1828.
Wood, 1828, Suppl. Index Testac.: 57, pl. 1, sp. 6.
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio cariosus Say, 1817)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Obliquaria (Sintoxia) calendis Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 3.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 75.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Obliquaria pallens Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 3.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 76.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20240, [no locality available - North America].
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio ellipsarius Say, 1834.
‘Rafinesque’ Say, 1834, Amer. Conch.: 224.
(mis-ID'd reference to Obliquaria ellipsaria Rafinesque, 1820)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio fasciatus Conrad, 1835.
‘Raf.’ Conrad, 1835, Monogr. Fam. Unionidae: 3, pl. 1.
‘Raf.’ Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 249.
(reference to Unio fasciata Rafinesque, 1820)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio pinguis Lea, 1857.
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 84.
Lea, 1858, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 78, pl. 15, fig. 58.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85008, St. Peters River, Upper Mississippi.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio delodontus Sowerby, 1867.
‘Lamarck’ Sowerby, 1867, Conch. Icon.: pl. 57, sp. 288.
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio delodonta Lamarck, 1819)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio luteolus Sowerby, 1867.
‘Lamarck’ Sowerby, 1867, Conch. Icon.: pl. 58, fig. 293a [in part].
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio luteola Lamarck, 1819)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio crassidens Sowerby, 1868.
‘Lamarck’ Sowerby, 1868, Conch. Icon.: pl. 62, sp. 312.
(reference to Unio crassidens Lamarck, 1819)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio ligamentinoides Lea, 1868.
Lea, 1868, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 164.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio pictus Sowerby, 1868.
‘Lea’ Sowerby, 1868, Conch. Icon.: pl. 63, sp. 316.
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio pictus Lea, 1834)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio venustus Sowerby, 1868.
‘Lea’ Sowerby, 1868, Conch. Icon.: pl. 64, sp. 326.
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio venustus Lea, 1838)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio upsonii Marsh, 1887.
Marsh, 1887, Conch. Exchange: 51.
Type(s): SYNTYPE MCZ_5551, Kishwaukee River, Winnebago Co., Illinois.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Lampsilis (sec. Eurynia) ligamentina var. gibbus Simpson, 1900.
Simpson, 1900, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus.: 540.
Simpson, 1914, Descr. Cat. Naiades: 82.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio ligamentina Lamarck, 1819)
Type(s): SYNTYPE USNM_160597, Black Rock, Arkansas.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Lampsilis (Eurynia) ligamentina var. nigrescens Simpson, 1914.
Simpson, 1914, Descr. Cat. Naiades: 82.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio ligamentina Lamarck, 1819)
Type(s): LECTOTYPE USNM_150410 (selected by R.I. Johnson, 1975), Kankakee R., Ill.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Lampsilis (s.s.) sowerbyana Frierson, 1927.
‘Lea’ Sowerby, 1868, Conch. Icon.: pl. 63, sp. 316 [as ‘Unio pictus’].
Frierson, 1927, Check List N. Amer. Naiades: 69, sp. 308.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Actinonaias carinata orbis Morrison, 1942.
Morrison, 1942, Bulletin Bur. Amer. Ethnol.: 361.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio carinatus Barnes, 1823)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84998, Florence, Alabama.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
 
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