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9 August
2018

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The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World
(and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the search fields. Either way, you win!

Taxa known only as fossils are highlighted in gray. Those without representatives in fresh waters are highlighted in gold.

 

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Publication Information

Hanley, S. & W. Theobald. 1876. Conchologia Indica: Illustrations of the Land and Freshwater Shells of British India: 65 pp., 160 pls.
Availably electronically? yes.

Species Described
Corbicula cashmirensis Hanley & Theobald, 1876.
‘Deshayes’ Of Authors.
Hanley & Theobald, 1876, Conch. Indica: 55, pl. 133, figs. 2-3.
Clessin, 1879, Conch. Cab.: 166.
Nesemann et al., 2007, Aquat. Invert. Ganga: 14.
(error for Corbicula cashmiriensis Deshayes, 1854)
= Corbicula cashmiriensis
 
Corbicula iravadica Blanford, 1880.
“Blandford mss.” Hanley & Theobald, 1876, Conch. Indica: 62, pl. 140, fig. 8.
Theobald, 1876, Cat. Land Freshw. Shells Brit. Ind.: 45.
Blanford, 1880, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal: 221.
= Corbicula iravadica
 
Lamellidens marginalis var. hanleyi Simpson, 1900.
Hanley & Theobald, 1876, Conch. Indica: 20, pl. 44, fig. 4 [as ‘Unio marginalis var. corriana’].
Simpson, 1900, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus.: 855.
Simpson, 1914, Descr. Cat. Naiades: 1169.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio marginalis Lamarck, 1819)
= Lamellidens marginalis
 
Unio bhamaoensis Hanley & Theobald, 1876.
‘Theobald’ Of Authors.
Hanley & Theobald, 1876, Conch. Indica: 62.
Paetel, 1890, Cat. Conch.-Samml.: 146.
(error for Unio bhamoensis Theobald, 1873)
= Parreysia bhamoensis
 
Unio birmanus Hanley & Theobald, 1876.
‘Blanford’ Of Authors.
Hanley & Theobald, 1876, Conch. Indica: 19.
Paetel, 1890, Cat. Conch.-Samml.: 146.
(error for Unio burmanus Blanford, 1869)
= Parreysia burmana
 
Unio consobrinus Hanley & Theobald, 1876.
‘Lea’ Hanley & Theobald, 1876, Conch. Indica: 19, pl. 41, fig. 7.
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio consobrinus Lea, 1860)
= Lamellidens marginalis
 
Unio exolescens Hanley & Theobald, 1876.
‘Gould’ Hanley & Theobald, 1876, Conch. Indica: 43, pl. 107, fig. 5.
(reference to Unio exolescens Gould, 1843)
= Trapezidens exolescens
 
Unio houngdarauicus Tapparone Canefri, 1889.
Hanley & Theobald, 1876, Conch. Indica: pl. 154m fig. 7 [as ‘U. Tavoyensis var. ?].
Tapparone Canefri, 1889, Ann. Mus. Storia Nat. Genova: 341.
Type(s): TYPES MUSEO CIVICO DI STORIA NATURALE, GENOA, ITALY, Houngdaran River, Meetan, Tenasserim, Lower Burma.
= Parreysia houngdarauica
 
Unio lamellatus Hanley & Theobald, 1876.
Hanley & Theobald, 1876, Conch. Indica: 5, pl. 9, fig. 6.
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio lamellatus Lea, 1838)
= Monodontina cambodjensis
 
Unio mandelayanus Hanley & Theobald, 1876.
Hanley & Theobald, 1876, Conch. Indica: 62.
(error for Unio mandelayensis Theobald, 1873)
= Parreysia bhamoensis
 
Unio rugosus Hanley & Theobald, 1876.
Hanley & Theobald, 1876, Conch. Indica: 62, pl. 154, fig. 3.
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio rugosus Barnes, 1823)
= Radiatula occata
 
Unio scobina Hanley, 1856.
‘Benson ms’ Hanley, 1856, Cat. Rec. Bivalve Shells, Suppl.: 382, pl. 23, fig. 40.
Hanley & Theobald, 1876, Conch. Indica: 22, pl. 46, figs. 2-3.
= Scabies crispata
 
Unio tennentii Hanley & Theobald, 1876.
Wood, 1815, Gen. Conch.: 108, pl. 24, figs. 1-3 [as ‘Mya corrugata’].
Hanley & Theobald, 1876, Conch. Indica: 22, pl. 45, figs. 7-9.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE BMNH_1907-12-30-56, British India.
= Parreysia corrugata
 
Unio thwaitesii Hanley & Theobald, 1876.
‘Lea’ Hanley & Theobald, 1876, Conch. Indica: 20, pl. 43, fig. 1.
(reference to Unio thwaitesii Lea, 1859)
= Lamellidens marginalis
 
Unio trirostris Musgrave, 1863.
Musgrave, 1863, Phot. Conch. of Conch. Misc. Hanley: pl. 2, fig. 9.
Hanley & Theobald, 1876, Conch. Indica: 6, pl. 11, fig. 6.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE BMNH_1907-12-30-45, Hindostan.
= Parreysia favidens
 
Unio vulcanus Hanley, 1875.
Hanley, 1875, Proc. Zool. Soc. London: 606.
Hanley & Theobald, 1876, Conch. Indica: 62, pl. 155, fig. 3.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE BMNH_1900-3-19-20, Birmah.
= Parreysia vulcanus
 
Unio wynegungaensis Hanley & Theobald, 1876.
Hanley & Theobald, 1876, Conch. Indica: 21, pl. 45, fig. 6.
(reference to Unio wynegungaensis Lea, 1860)
= Parreysia corrugata
 
Unio corrugatus var. fragilis Hanley & Theobald, 1876.
Hanley & Theobald, 1876, Conch. Indica: 21, pl. 45, fig. 4.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Mya corrugata Müller, 1774; prim. homonym of Unio fragilis Rafinesque, 1820)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE BMNH_1968651, [no locality available - Asia].
= Parreysia corrugata
 
Unio corrugatus var. nagporensis Hanley & Theobald, 1876.
Hanley & Theobald, 1876, Conch. Indica: 21.
(error for Unio nagpoorensis Lea, 1860)
= Parreysia corrugata
 
Unio corrugatus var. solida Hanley & Theobald, 1876.
Hanley & Theobald, 1876, Conch. Indica: 21, pl. 45, fig. 2.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Mya corrugata Müller, 1774; prim. homonym of Unio solidus Lea, 1838)
= Parreysia corrugata
 
Unio generosus var. angustior Hanley & Theobald, 1876.
Hanley & Theobald, 1876, Conch. Indica: 22, pl. 46, fig. 7.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio generosus Gould, 1847)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE BMNH_1968655, Pegu.
= Trapezidens dolichorhynchus
 
Unio indicus var. aurea Hanley & Theobald, 1876.
‘Sowerby’ Hanley & Theobald, 1876, Conch. Indica: 43, pl. 107, fig. 4.
(prim. homonym of Unio aureus Lea, 1859; intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio indicus Sowerby, 1866)
= Parreysia rajahensis
 
Unio marginalis var. candaharicus Hanley & Theobald, 1876.
Hanley & Theobald, 1876, Conch. Indica: 20, pl. 43, fig. 4.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio marginalis Lamarck, 1819)
= Lamellidens marginalis
 
Unio marginalis var. corriana Hanley & Theobald, 1876.
Hanley & Theobald, 1876, Conch. Indica: 20, pl. 44, fig. 4.
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio corrianus Lea, 1834)
= Lamellidens marginalis
 
Unio marginalis var. cylindrica Hanley & Theobald, 1876.
Hanley & Theobald, 1876, Conch. Indica: 20, pl. 44, fig. 1.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio marginalis Lamarck, 1819; prim. homonym of Unio cylindricus Say, 1817)
Type(s): UNKNOWN BMNH_429-06-1-1, Poonassa.
= Lamellidens marginalis
 
Unio marginalis var. obesa Hanley & Theobald, 1876.
Hanley & Theobald, 1876, Conch. Indica: 20, pl. 43, fig. 3.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio marginalis Lamarck, 1819; prim. homonym of Unio obesus Lea, 1831)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE BMNH_1907-12-30-46, River Iriwadi, Birmah.
= Trapezidens dolichorhynchus
 
Unio marginalis var. typica Hanley & Theobald, 1876.
Hanley & Theobald, 1876, Conch. Indica: 20, pl. 43, fig. 2.
(new name for Unio marginalis Lamarck, 1819; intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio marginalis Lamarck, 1819)
= Lamellidens marginalis
 
Unio marginalis var. zonata Hanley & Theobald, 1876.
Deshayes, 1827, Enc. Méth.: 587 [as ‘marginalis’].
Hanley & Theobald, 1876, Conch. Indica: 20, pl. 44, fig. 2.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio marginalis Lamarck, 1819)
= Trapezidens scutum
 
Taxonomic Opinions
Pseudodon inoscularis (Gould). — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 5).
Pseudodon salwenianum (Gould). — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 5).
Spatha soleniformis (Benson, 1836). — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 5).
Trigonodon crebristriatum (Anthony, 1865). — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 5).
Unio bhamaoensis [sic] Theob. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 62).
Unio birmanus [sic] Blanford, 1869. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 19).
Unio bonneaudi Eydoux & Souleyet, 1838. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 5, 22).
Unio consobrinus Lea. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 19).
Unio corbis Benson in Hanley. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 22).
Unio corrugatus (Müller). — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 21).
Unio corrugatus var. fragilis. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 21).
Unio corrugatus var. laevirostris Benson, 1862. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 21).
Unio corrugatus var. nagporensis [sic] Lea. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 21).
Unio corrugatus var. solida. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 21).
Unio crispatus Gould. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 21).
Unio crispisulcatus Benson, 1862. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 6).
Unio cæruleus Lea. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 6).
Unio exolescens Gould. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 43).
Unio favidens Benson, 1862. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 6, 43).
Unio favidens var. chrysis Benson, 1862. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 19).
Unio favidens var. deltæ Benson, 1862. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 19).
Unio favidens var. pinax Benson, 1862. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 6).
Unio favidens var. plagiosoma Benson, 1862. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 6).
Unio foliaceus Gould. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 19).
Unio generosus Gould. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 22).
Unio generosus var. angustior. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 22).
Unio gerbidoni Eydoux and Souleyet, 1838. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 6).
Unio indicus Sowerby. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 43).
Unio indicus var. aurea Sowerby. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 43).
Unio involutus Benson in Hanley. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 19).
Unio jenkinsianus Benson, 1862. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 19).
Unio lamellatus Lea. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 5).
Unio lamellatus Lea. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 21).
Unio layardi Lea, 1859. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 19).
Unio leioma Benson, 1862. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 6).
Unio macilentus Benson, 1862. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 5, 62).
Unio mandelayanus [sic] Theobald, 1873. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 62).
Unio marcens Benson, 1862. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 19).
Unio marginalis Lamarck, 1819. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 20).
Unio marginalis var. anodontina Küster non Lamarck. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 19).
Unio marginalis var. bilineata Reeve (as of Lea). — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 20).
Unio marginalis var. candaharicus. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 20).
Unio marginalis var. corriana Lea. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 20).
Unio marginalis var. cylindrica. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 20).
Unio marginalis var. obesa. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 20).
Unio marginalis var. tricolor Kuster. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 20).
Unio marginalis var. typica. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 20).
Unio marginalis var. zonata. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 20).
Unio nuttallianus Lea. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 19).
Unio olivarius Lea. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 5).
Unio pachysoma Benson, 1862. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 6).
Unio parma Benson in Conch. Icon. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 61, 62).
Unio pugio Benson, 1862. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 5).
Unio radula Benson in Hanley. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 5).
Unio rugosus Gmel. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 62).
Unio scobina Benson in Hanley. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 22).
Unio scutum Benson’s MSS in Reeve. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 22).
Unio sikkimensis Lea, 1859. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 6, 44).
Unio smaragdites Benson, 1862. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 5).
Unio tavoyensis Gould. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 62).
Unio tennentii. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 22).
Unio theca Benson, 1862. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 6).
Unio thwaitesii Lea, 1859. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 20).
Unio triembolus Benson, 1862. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 43).
Unio trirostris in Hanley’s Phot. Conch. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 6).
Unio vulcanus Hanley, 1875. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 62).
Unio wynegungaensis Lea. — Hanley & Theobald (1876: 21).
 
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