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9 August
2018

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The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World
(and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the search fields. Either way, you win!

Taxa known only as fossils are highlighted in gray. Those without representatives in fresh waters are highlighted in gold.

 

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Publication Information

Rafinesque, C.S. 1818. Discoveries in natural history, made during a journey through the Western region of the United States. American Monthly Magazine and Criticial Review 3: 354-355.

Species Described
Amblema gibbosa Rafinesque, 1820.
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag.: 355 [as ‘Potamilus gibbosus’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys.: 315.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 23, 58.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20232, Riv. Ohio.
= Epioblasma torulosa
 
Anodonta (Lastena) ohiensis var. violacina Rafinesque, 1820.
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag.: 355 [as ‘Potamilus violacinus’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys.: 317.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 59.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Anodonta ohiensis Rafinesque, 1820)
= Potamilus ohiensis
 
Obliquaria (Ellipsaria) fasciolaris Rafinesque, 1820.
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag.: 355 [as ‘Potamilus fasciolaris’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat.: 426 [as ‘U. (Plagiola) fasciolaris’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys.: 303.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 29, 48.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20253, Kentucky River.
= Ptychobranchus fasciolaris
 
Obliquaria (Ellipsaria) verrucosa Rafinesque, 1820.
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag.: 355 [as ‘Potamilus verrucosus’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat.: 426 [as ‘U. (Plagiola) verrucosa’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys.: 304, pl. 81, figs. 10-12.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 23, 29, 48.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20235, Ohio River.
= Tritogonia verrucosa
 
Obliquaria (Quadrula) retusa Rafinesque, 1820.
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag.: 355 [as ‘Potamilus retusus’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat.: 427 [as ‘U. (Obovaria) retusa’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys.: 306, pl. 81, figs. 19-20.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 29, 50.
(renamed Unio premorsus Rafinesque, 1831)
Type(s): NEOTYPE ANSP_20220, Green River.
= Cyclonaias pustulosa
 
Obliquaria (Rotundaria) pusilla Rafinesque, 1820.
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag.: 355 [as ‘Potamilus pusillus’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys.: 308.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 23, 52.
= Reginaia ebena
 
Obliquaria (Rotundaria) subrotunda Rafinesque, 1820.
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag.: 355 [as ‘Potamilus subrotundus’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat.: 426 [as ‘U. (Obovaria) subrotunda’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys.: 308, pl. 81, figs. 21-23.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 23, 29, 52.
Type(s): NEOTYPE ANSP_20254, Kentucky River.
= Obovaria subrotunda
 
Obliquaria (Rotundaria) tuberculata Rafinesque, 1820.
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag.: 355 [as ‘Potamilus tubercularis’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys.: 308.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 23, 52.
(correct name for Potamilus tubercularis Rafinesque, 1818)
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20215, Ohio River.
= Cyclonaias tuberculata
 
Obliquaria (Scalenaria) obliquata Rafinesque, 1820.
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag.: 355 [as ‘Potamilus obliquatus’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat.: 426 [as ‘U. (Plagiola) obliquatus’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys.: 309.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 29, 53.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20226, Kentucky River.
= Epioblasma obliquata
 
Obovaria obovalis Rafinesque, 1820.
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag.: 355 [as ‘Potamilus obovalis’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat.: 426 [as ‘U. (Obovaria) obovalis’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys.: 311.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 23, 29, 54.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20244, Ohio River.
= Reginaia ebena
 
Potamilus alatus Rafinesque, 1818.
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag.: 355 [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat.: 426 [as ‘U. (Proptera) alata’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 29.
(reference to Unio alatus Say, 1817)
= Potamilus alatus
 
Potamilus phaiedrus Rafinesque, 1818.
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag.: 355 [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat.: 426 [as ‘U. (Proptera) phaiedra’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 29.

 
Potamilus tubercularis Rafinesque, 1818.
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag.: 355 [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 23.
(incorrect original spelling of Obliquaria tuberculata Rafinesque, 1820)
= Cyclonaias tuberculata
 
Truncilla triqueter Rafinesque, 1820.
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag.: 355 [as ‘Potamilus triqueter’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat.: 427 [as ‘U. (Truncilla) triquetra’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys.: 300, pl. 81, figs. 1-4.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 29, 45.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20231, [no locality available - North America].
= Epioblasma triquetra
 
Truncilla truncata Rafinesque, 1820.
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag.: 355 [as ‘Potamilus truncatus’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat.: 427 [as ‘U. (Truncilla) truncata’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys.: 301.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 29, 46.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20217, Falls of Ohio.
= Truncilla truncata
 
Unio (Aximedia) elliptica Rafinesque, 1820.
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag.: 355 [as ‘Potamilus ellipticus’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys.: 296.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 42.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20213, [no locality available - North America].
= Pleurobema clava
 
Unio (Aximedia) zonalis Rafinesque, 1820.
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag.: 355 [as ‘Potamilus zonalis’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys.: 297.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 42.
= Obovaria subrotunda
 
Unio (Elliptio) aurata Rafinesque, 1820.
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag.: 355 [as ‘Potamilus auratus’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys.: 295.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 40.
= Elliptio complanata
 
Unio (Elliptio) fasciata Rafinesque, 1820.
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag.: 355 [as ‘Potamilus fasciatus’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys.: 294.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 40.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20222, Kentucky River.
= Ortmanniana ligamentina
 
Unio (Elliptio) nigra Rafinesque, 1820.
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag.: 355 [as ‘Potamilus niger’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys.: 291, pl. 80, figs. 1-4.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 37.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20243, River Ohio.
= Elliptio crassidens
 
Unio (Eurynia) latissima Rafinesque, 1820.
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag.: 355 [as ‘Potamilus latissima’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat.: 426 [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys.: 297, pl. 80, figs. 14-15.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 29, 42.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20212, Ohio River.
= Ligumia recta
 
Unio (Eurynia) solenoides var. nodosa Rafinesque, 1820.
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag.: 355 [as ‘Potamilus nodosus’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys.: 298.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 23, 43.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio solenoides Rafinesque, 1820)
= Theliderma cylindrica
 
Unio (Leptodea) fragilis Rafinesque, 1820.
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag.: 355 [‘Potamilus fragilis’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys.: 295.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 41.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20209, creeks, Kentucky.
= Leptodea fragilis
 
Unio (Leptodea) leptodon Rafinesque, 1820.
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag.: 355 [as ‘Potamilus leptodon’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat.: 426 [as ‘U. (Plagiola) leptodon’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys.: 295, pl. 80, figs. 5-7.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 29, 40.
Type(s): NEOTYPE ANSP_20214, Kentucky River.
= Leptodea leptodon
 
Unio (Leptodea) nervosa Rafinesque, 1820.
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag.: 355 [as ‘Potamilus nervosus’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys.: 296, pl. 80, figs. 8-10.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 41.
= Megalonaias nervosa
 
Taxonomic Opinions
Potamilus alatus Rafinesque, 1818. — Rafinesque (1818: 355).
Potamilus aurata (Rafinesque, 1820). — Rafinesque (1818: 355).
Potamilus ellipticus (Rafinesque, 1820). — Rafinesque (1818: 355).
Potamilus fasciatus (Rafinesque, 1820). — Rafinesque (1818: 355).
Potamilus fasciolaris (Rafinesque, 1820). — Rafinesque (1818: 355).
Potamilus fragilis (Rafinesque, 1820). — Rafinesque (1818: 355).
Potamilus gibbosus (Rafinesque, 1820). — Rafinesque (1818: 355).
Potamilus latissimus . — Rafinesque (1818: 355).
Potamilus leptodon (Rafinesque, 1820). — Rafinesque (1818: 355).
Potamilus nervosus (Rafinesque, 1820). — Rafinesque (1818: 355).
Potamilus niger (Rafinesque, 1820). — Rafinesque (1818: 355).
Potamilus nodosus (Rafinesque, 1820). — Rafinesque (1818: 355).
Potamilus obliquatus (Rafinesque, 1820). — Rafinesque (1818: 355).
Potamilus obovalis (Rafinesque, 1820). — Rafinesque (1818: 355).
Potamilus phaiedrus (Rafinesque, 1818). — Rafinesque (1818: 355).
Potamilus pusillus (Rafinesque, 1820). — Rafinesque (1818: 355).
Potamilus retusus (Rafinesque, 1820). — Rafinesque (1818: 355).
Potamilus subrotundus (Rafinesque, 1820). — Rafinesque (1818: 355).
Potamilus triqueter (Rafinesque, 1820). — Rafinesque (1818: 355).
Potamilus truncatus (Rafinesque, 1820). — Rafinesque (1818: 355).
Potamilus tubercularis Rafinesque, 1818. — Rafinesque (1818: 355).
Potamilus verrucosus (Rafinesque, 1820). — Rafinesque (1818: 355).
Potamilus violacinus . — Rafinesque (1818: 355).
Potamilus zonalis (Rafinesque, 1820). — Rafinesque (1818: 355).
 
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