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2018

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The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World
(and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the search fields. Either way, you win!

Taxa known only as fossils are highlighted in gray. Those without representatives in fresh waters are highlighted in gold.

 

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Publication Information

Lister. 1685. Historiæ Sive Synopsis Methodicæ Conchyliorum...

Species Described
Cyclas rivicola Lamarck, 1818.
Lister, 1685, Conch.: pl. 159, fig. 14.
Bruguière, 1797, Encycl. Méth.: pl. 302, figs. 5a-c.
‘Leach’ Lamarck, 1818, Hist. Natur. Anim. sans Vert.: 558.
= Sphaerium rivicola
 
Hyria avicularis Lamarck, 1819.
Lister, 1685, Conch.: pl. 160, fig. 16 ?.
Lamarck, 1819, Hist. Natur. Anim. sans Vert.: 82, sp. 1, var. [b] [in part].
(mis-ID'd reference to Hyria avicularis Lamarck, 1819)
= Prisodon syrmatophorus
 
Mya complanata Lightfoot, 1786.
Lister, 1685, Conch.: pl. 150, fig. 5.
Lightfoot, 1786, Catalogue of the Portland Museum: 100, no. 2190.
= Elliptio complanata
 
Mya margaritifera Gmelin, 1791.
Lister, 1678, Hist. Anim. Anglic.: 15, pl. 1, fig. 1 [pre-linnaean].
Lister, 1685, Conch.: pl. 149, fig. 4 [pre-linnaean].
Klein, 1753, Tent. Method. Ostrac., etc.: pl. 10, fig. 47 [pre-linnaean].
Knorr, 1757, Vergnügen: pl. 25, fig. 2.
Schröter, 1779, Gesch. Flußconch.: pl. 4, fig. 1.
Martini & Chemnitz, 1782, Conchyl. Cab.: 15, pl. 1, fig. 5.
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat.: 3219, sp. 4.
(mis-ID'd reference to Mya margaritifera Linnaeus, 1758)
= Pseudunio auricularia
 
Mya margaritifera Linnaeus, 1758.
Lister, 1678, Hist. Anim. Anglic.: [app.] 15, pl. 1, fig. 1 [pre-linnaean].
Lister, 1685, Conch.: pl. 149, fig. 4 [pre-linnaean].
Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat.: 671, sp. 20.
Linnaeus, 1767, Syst. Nat.: 1112, sp. 29.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE LS_29, “Habitat in totius orbis arctici cataractis.”.
= Margaritifera margaritifera
 
Mya pictorum Gmelin, 1791.
Lister, 1678, Hist. Anim. Anglic.: pl. 2, fig. 30; [app.] pl. 1, fig. 4 [pre-linnaean].
Lister, 1685, Conch.: pl. 146, fig. 1; pl. 147, figs. 2-3 [pre-linnaean].
Schröter, 1779, Gesch. Flußconch.: pl. 2, fig. 2; pl. 3, figs. 2-5; pl. 4, fig. 6.
Martini & Chemnitz, 1782, Conchyl. Cab.: 19, pl. 1, fig. 6.
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat.: 3218, sp. 3.
(mis-ID'd reference to Mya pictorum Linnaeus, 1758)
= Unio crassus
 
Mya radiata Gmelin, 1791.
Lister, 1685, Conch.: pl. 152, fig. 7.
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat.: 3220, sp. 9, var. b [in part].
(mis-ID'd reference to Mya radiata Gmelin, 1791)
= Lampsilis cariosa
 
Mytilus anatinus Linnaeus, 1758.
Lister, 1678, Hist. Anim. Anglic.: 30, 1, fig. 2 [pre-linnaean].
Lister, 1685, Conch.: pl. 154, fig. 9 [pre-linnaean].
Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat.: 706, no. 219.
Linnaeus, 1767, Syst. Nat.: 1158, sp. 258.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE LS_258, eaux douces d’Europe.
= Anodonta anatina
 
Mytilus angustior Lister, 1685.
Lister, 1685, Conch.: [pre-linnaean].
= Unio tumidus
 
Mytilus avonensis Montagu, 1803.
Lister, 1685, Conch.: pl. 154, fig. 9? [pre-linnaean].
Montagu, 1803, Test. Brit.: 172.
(renamed Anodonta avonica Bourguignat, 1881)
= Anodonta anatina
 
Mytilus cygneus Linnaeus, 1758.
Lister, 1678, Hist. Anim. Anglic.: 29, pl. 1, fig. 3 [pre-linnaean].
Lister, 1685, Conch.: pl. 193, fig. 8 [pre-linnaean].
Klein, 1753, Tent. Method. Ostrac., etc.: pl. 9, fig. 26 [pre-linnaean].
Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat.: 706, sp. 218.
Linnaeus, 1767, Syst. Nat.: 1158, sp. 257.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE LS_257, Europe, a l’embouchure des fleuves.
= Anodonta cygnea
 
Mytilus fluviatilis Gmelin, 1791.
Lister, 1685, Conch.: pl. 157, fig. 12 [pre-linnaean].
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat.: 3359, sp. 34.
(sec. homonym of Mytulus fluviatilis Pallas, 1771)
= Leptodea ochracea
 
Mytilus radiatus Müller, 1774.
Lister, 1685, Conch.: pl. 155, fig. 10 [pre-linnaean].
Müller, 1774, Verm. Terr. et Fluv.: 209, sp. 395.
= Anodonta anatina
 
Unio angusta Lamarck, 1819.
Lister, 1685, Conch.: pl. 147, fig. 3 ?.
Lamarck, 1819, Hist. Natur. Anim. sans Vert.: 80, sp. 42.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE MNHN_MPL_0032, Habite..... Mus. n°.

 
Unio auricularius Spengler, 1793.
Lister, 1685, Conch.: pl. 149, fig. 4 [pre-linnaean].
Spengler, 1793, Skr. Naturhist. Selsk.: 54, no. 21.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ZMUC_BIV-315 (selected by Falkner, 1994), Berlingen near Unterseen, Switzerland.
= Pseudunio auricularia
 
Unio cariosus Say, 1817.
Lister, 1685, Conch.: pl. 152. fig. 7.
Say, 1817, Nich. Encyc.: [12,] pl. 3, fig. 2.
Say, 1819, Nich. Encyc.: [17,] pl. 3, fig. 2.
Say, 1858, [in] Binney, Compl. Writings T. Say: 51.
Type(s): NEOTYPE MCZ_178839 (selected by R.I. Johnson, 1947), Schuylkill River, near Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
= Lampsilis cariosa
 
Unio conus Spengler, 1793.
Lister, 1685, Conch.: pl. 146, fig. 1 [pre-linnaean].
Spengler, 1793, Skr. Naturhist. Selsk.: 60, no. 26.
= Unio tumidus
 
Unio crassidens Lamarck, 1819.
Lister, 1685, Conch.: pl. 150, fig. 5.
Lamarck, 1819, Hist. Natur. Anim. sans Vert.: 71, sp. 3, var. a [in part].
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio crassidens Lamarck, 1819)
= Plectomerus dombeyanus
 
Unio crassus Say, 1817.
Lister, 1685, Conch.: pl. 150, fig. 5.
Bruguière, 1797, Encycl. Méth.: pl. 249, fig. 1 [as Unio sp.].
‘LeSueur’ Say, 1817, Nich. Encyc.: [11], pl. 1, fig. 8.
‘LeSueur’ Say, 1819, Nich. Encyc.: [16], pl. 1, fig. 8.
Say, 1858, [in] Binney, Compl. Writings T. Say: 49.
(prim. homonym of Unio crassus Retzius, 1788)
= Ortmanniana ligamentina
 
Unio nasutus Say, 1817.
Lister, 1685, Conch.: pl. 151, fig. 6.
Say, 1817, Nich. Encyc.: [12,] pl. 4, fig. 1.
Say, 1819, Nich. Encyc.: [18,] pl. 4, fig. 1.
Say, 1858, [in] Binney, Compl. Writings T. Say: 52.
Type(s): USNM_85978, Bristol, Pa.
= Sagittunio nasutus
 
Unio purpurata Lamarck, 1819.
Lister, 1685, Conch.: pl. 155, fig. 10 [?] [pre-linnaean].
Lamarck, 1819, Hist. Natur. Anim. sans Vert.: 71, sp. 6.
= Potamilus purpuratus
 
Unio sinuata Lamarck, 1819.
Lister, 1685, Conch.: pl. 149, fig. 3 [?] [pre-linnaean].
Knorr, 1757, Vergnügen: pl. 25, fig. 2 [pre-linnaean].
Schröter, 1779, Gesch. Flußconch.: pl. 4, fig. 1.
Bruguière, 1797, Encycl. Méth.: pl. 248, figs. 1a-b [as Unio sp.].
Lamarck, 1819, Hist. Natur. Anim. sans Vert.: 70, sp. 1.
Type(s): SYNTYPES MHNG_XXX, the Rhine, the Loire and other rivers of continental Europe.
= Pseudunio auricularia
 
Venus islandica Gmelin, 1791.
Lister, 1685, Conch.: pl. 272, fig. 108.
Martini & Chemnitz, 1782, Conchyl. Cab.: pl. 32, figs. 341-342.
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat.: 3271.

 
Venus subviridis Gmelin, 1791.
Lister, 1685, Conch.: pl. 158, fig. 13 [non-binomial].
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat.: 3280.
= Galatea paradoxa
 
 
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