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Page last updated
9 August
2018

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The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World
(and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the search fields. Either way, you win!

Taxa known only as fossils are highlighted in gray. Those without representatives in fresh waters are highlighted in gold.

 

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NOTICE! This version of the MUSSELpdb online is no longer supported or up-to-date. It will be removed from this web site in the summer of 2019.

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Publication Information

Lea, I. 1860. Descriptions of exotic Unionidæ [Exotic Unionidæ]. Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences 4 [O. 7]: 235-273, pls. 33-45 (Obs. 7, part 2: 53-91).
Availably electronically? yes.

Species Described
Anodonta crepera Lea, 1850.
Lea, 1850, Proc. Zool. Soc. London: 198.
Lea, 1851, Ann. and Mag.: 494.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 238 [56], pl. 34, fig. 117.
Type(s): TYPE USNM_86602, Bongabon, Luzon, Phil. Is.
= Simpsonella gracilis
 
Anodonta cumingii Lea, 1850.
Lea, 1850, Proc. Zool. Soc. London: 199.
Lea, 1851, Ann. and Mag.: 495.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 235 [53], pl. 33, fig. 114 [as ‘Monocondylœa’].
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86350, Malacca.
= Bineurus cumingii
 
Anodonta dahomeyensis Lea, 1859.
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 154.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 261, pl. 41, fig. 141.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE BMNH_1965163, Dahomey, West Africa.
= Aspatharia dahomeyensis
 
Anodonta gracilis Lea, 1850.
Lea, 1850, Proc. Zool. Soc. London: 197.
Lea, 1851, Ann. and Mag.: 493.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 239 [57], pl. 34, fig. 119.
Type(s): SYNTYPES BMNH_1968657, Dingle, Isle of Panay.
= Simpsonella gracilis
 
Anodonta luteola Lea, 1858.
Lea, 1858, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 118.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 267 [85], pl. 43, fig. 147.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86766, Isthmus of Darien.
= Anodontites tortilis
 
Anodonta senegalensis Lea, 1859.
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 154.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 260, pl. 41, fig. 140.
(renamed Mutelina senegalica Jousseaume, 1886)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE BMNH_1965167, Senegal.
= Aspatharia dahomeyensis
 
Anodonta subcrassa Lea, 1850.
Lea, 1850, Proc. Zool. Soc. London: 198.
Lea, 1851, Ann. and Mag.: 495.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 236 [54], pl. 33, fig. 115.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86693, Laguna de Bay, Luzon, Phil. Is.
= Simpsonella gracilis
 
Anodonta tenuis Lea, 1850.
Lea, 1850, Proc. Zool. Soc. London: 198.
Lea, 1851, Ann. and Mag.: 494.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 237 [55], pl. 33, fig. 116.
Type(s): SYNTYPES BMNH_1963654, Sual, Luzon, Philippines.
= Simpsonella gracilis
 
Monocondyloea planulata Lea, 1859.
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 187 [as ‘Monocondylœa planulata’].
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 262, pl. 42, fig. 142.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86351, Java5989.
= Monodontina vondembuschiana
 
Monocondyloea rhomboidea Lea, 1859.
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 187 [as ‘Monocondylœa rhomboidea’].
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 263 [81], pl. 42, fig. 143.
Type(s): SYNTYPES USNM_86329, Tigris R., near Bagdad, Asia.
= Pseudodontopsis euphraticus
 
Unio averyi Lea, 1859.
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 281.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 269 [87], pl. 44, fig. 149.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84385, Chumnagua R., Isth. of Darien.
= Barynaias caldwellii
 
Unio bulloides Lea, 1859.
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 187.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 264 [82], pl. 42, fig. 144.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85776, Rio de la Plata, S.A.
= Diplodon variabilis
 
Unio caldwellii Lea, 1858.
Lea, 1858, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 118.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 265 [83], pl. 43, fig. 145.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84396, Isthmus of Darien.
= Barynaias caldwellii
 
Unio canadensis Lea, 1857.
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 85.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 268 [86], pl. 44, fig. 148.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84503, St. Helens Id., Montreal, Canada.
= Lampsilis cardium
 
Unio consobrinus Lea, 1860.
Lea, 1860, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 331.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 272 [90], pl. 45, fig. 152.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85178, China.
= Lamellidens consobrinus
 
Unio cumingii Lea, 1852.
Lea, 1852, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 54.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 240 [58], pl. 35, fig. 120.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_83897, North China.
= Sinohyriopsis cumingii
 
Unio demeraraensis Lea, 1859.
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 152 [as ‘demararaensis’].
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 253 [71], pl. 39, fig. 133.
Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: Corridenda et Addenda.
(correct name for Unio demararaensis Lea, 1859)
Type(s): TYPE BMNH_1964141, Demerara.
= Diplodon suavidicus
 
Unio diminutus Lea, 1859.
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 151 [as ‘diminutis’].
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 254, pl. 39, fig. 134.
(correct name for Unio diminutis Lea, 1859)
Type(s): BMNH_1965165, East Africa.
= Unio caffer
 
Unio dysonii Lea, 1859.
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 152.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 252 [70], pl. 39, fig. 132.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE BMNH_1965173, Honduras.
= Nephronaias dysonii
 
Unio fluctiger Lea, 1859.
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 152.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 250 [68], pl. 39, fig. 130.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (MONOTYPY) BMNH_1965169, Hab._? [Asia ?].
= Diplodon fluctiger
 
Unio goascoranensis Lea, 1858.
Lea, 1858, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 118.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 258 [76], pl. 41, fig. 139.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85086, Goascoran R., Honduras.
= Nephronaias goascoranensis
 
Unio japanensis Lea, 1859.
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 153.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 244, pl. 36, fig. 123.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE BMNH_1965181, Japan.
= Pronodularia japanensis
 
Unio layardii Lea, 1859.
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 153.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 243, pl. 36, fig. 122.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE BMNH_1965159, Ceylon.
= Lamellidens lamellatus
 
Unio mauritianus Lea, 1859.
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 152.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 257 [75], pl. 40, fig. 138.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (MONOTYPY) BMNH_1965157, Mauritius [No — probably from the Philippines.].
= Simpsonella purpurea
 
Unio melleus Lea, 1859.
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 152.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 250 [68], pl. 38, fig. 129.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE BMNH_1965175, Hab._?.
= Nephronaias mellea
 
Unio mutabilis Lea, 1859.
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 152.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 248 [66], pl. 38, fig. 127.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE BMNH_1965153, Brisbane Water, East Australia.
= Hyridella depressa
 
Unio nagpoorensis Lea, 1860.
Lea, 1860, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 331.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 270, pl. 45, fig. 150.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE ANSP_125504, Ambijiri Tanks, Nagpoor, Bengal, India.
= Parreysia corrugata
 
Unio navigioliformis Lea, 1859.
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 152.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 245 [63], pl. 37, fig. 124.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE BMNH_1964146, Loc._ ?.
= Cucumerunio novaehollandiae
 
Unio persulcatus Lea, 1859.
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 153.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 255 [73], pl. 40, fig. 135.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE BMNH_1900-3-19-22, Mexico.
= Nephronaias calamitarum
 
Unio plicatulus Lea, 1859.
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 152.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 247, pl. 37, fig. 126.
(prim. homonym of Unio plicatulus Küster, 1856; renamed Unio borneensis Issel, 1874; renamed Unio pensitatus Fischer & Crosse, 1894)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE BMNH_1965156, locality data from Issel “Nord-Est di Borneo; nelle vicinanze della costa presso Mampawa; nel lago Donau Siriang (v. Martens).”.
= Ctenodesma borneensis
 
Unio rowellii Lea, 1859.
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 153.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 256 [74], pl. 40, fig. 136.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84398, Chagres R., Panama.
= Nephronaias rowellii
 
Unio rudus Lea, 1859.
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 187.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 266, pl. 43, fig. 146.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85337, Rio de la Plata, S. Am.
= Diplodon delodontus
 
Unio shanghaiensis Lea, 1859.
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 153.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 242, pl. 36, fig. 121.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE BMNH_1965171, Shanghai, China.
= Nodularia douglasiae
 
Unio sikkimensis Lea, 1859.
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 151.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 251, pl. 39, fig. 131.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE BMNH_1965177, Sikkim, India.
= Parreysia sikkimensis
 
Unio sumatrensis Lea, 1859.
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 153.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 239 [57], pl. 34, fig. 118.
(prim. homonym of Unio sumatrensis Dunker, 1852; renamed Unio dimotus Lea, 1870)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84059, Sumatra.
= Contradens contradens
 
Unio thwaitesii Lea, 1859.
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 152 [as ‘thwaitsii’].
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 246 [64], pl. 37, fig. 125.
(correct name for Unio thwaitsii Lea, 1859)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE BMNH_1965179, Ceylon.
= Lamellidens marginalis
 
Unio vittatus Lea, 1859.
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 153.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 249, pl. 38, fig. 128.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE BMNH_1958-4-3-1, Australia.
= Velesunio ambiguus
 
Unio wilsonii Lea, 1859.
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 153.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 256, pl. 40, fig. 137.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE ANSP_41817, N.S. Wales.
= Velesunio wilsonii
 
Unio wynegungaensis Lea, 1860.
Lea, 1860, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 331.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 271, pl. 45, fig. 151.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85328, Wynegunga R., Deccan, India.
= Parreysia corrugata
 
 
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