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Page last updated
9 August
2018

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The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World
(and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the search fields. Either way, you win!

Taxa known only as fossils are highlighted in gray. Those without representatives in fresh waters are highlighted in gold.

 

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NOTICE! This version of the MUSSELpdb online is no longer supported or up-to-date. It will be removed from this web site in the summer of 2019.

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Publication Information

Lea, I. 1862. New Unionidæ of the United States. Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences 5 [O. 8]: 53-109, pls. 1-18 (Obs. 8, part 2: 57-113).
Availably electronically? yes.

Species Described
Anodonta kennerlyi Lea, 1860.
Lea, 1860, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 306.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 108 [112], pl. 18, fig. 256.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86533, Chiloweyuck Depot, near Puget Sd., Washington.
= Anodonta kennerlyi
 
Margaritana alabamensis Lea, 1861.
Lea, 1861, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 41.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 104 [108], pl. 16, fig. 249.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86262, Talladega Cr., Alabama.
= Pseudodontoideus connasaugaensis
 
Margaritana elliptica Lea, 1859.
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 113.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 106 [110], pl. 18, fig. 254.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86258, Columbus, Miss.
= Strophitus radiatus
 
Margaritana spillmanii Lea, 1858.
Lea, 1858, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 138.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 105 [109], pl. 17, fig. 252.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86278, Magbys Cr., near Columbus, Miss.
= Pseudodontoideus subvexus
 
Margaritana tombigbeensis Lea, 1858.
Lea, 1858, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 138 [as ‘tombecbeensis’].
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 107, pl. 18, fig. 255 [as ‘tombigbéensis’].
(correct name for Margaritana tombecbeensis Lea, 1858)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86253, Tombigbee R., near Columbus, Miss.
= Pseudodontoideus subvexus
 
Unio anaticulus Lea, 1861.
Lea, 1861, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 40.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 92 [96], pl. 13, fig. 240.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84735, Columbus, Miss.
= Pleurobema decisum
 
Unio asperatus Lea, 1861.
Lea, 1861, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 41.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 68 [72], pl. 7, fig. 218.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84272, Claiborne, Ala.
= Cyclonaias asperata
 
Unio beadleianus Lea, 1861.
Lea, 1861, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 39.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 94 [98], pl. 14, fig. 242.
Type(s): SYNTYPE USNM_85746, Pearl R., Jackson, Miss.
= Pleurobema beadleianum
 
Unio catawbensis Lea, 1862.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 54 [58], pl. 1, fig. 200.
(new name for Unio wheatleyi Lea, 1857)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85547, Catawba R., N.C.
= Elliptio complanata
 
Unio chickasawhensis Lea, 1861.
Lea, 1861, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 39.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 101 [105], pl. 16, fig. 250.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85759, Chickasawha R., Clark Co., Miss.
= Pleurobema beadleianum
 
Unio cicur Lea, 1861.
Lea, 1861, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 39.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 93 [97], pl. 13, fig. 241.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85532, Little Ocmulgee R., Georgia.
= Uniomerus carolinianus
 
Unio cinnamomicus Lea, 1861.
Lea, 1861, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 39.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 100 [104], pl. 16, fig. 248.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85317, Tombigbee R., Columbus, Miss.
= Pleurobema perovatum
 
Unio concolor Lea, 1861.
Lea, 1861, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 40.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 89 [83], pl. 12, fig. 237.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85319, Big Prairie Cr., Perry Co., Ala.
= Pleurobema perovatum
 
Unio consanguineus Lea, 1861.
Lea, 1861, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 60.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 67 [71], pl. 7, fig. 217.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84726, Cahawba R., Ala.
= Pleurobema decisum
 
Unio curtus Lea, 1859.
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 112.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 103 [107], pl. 17, fig. 253.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84737, Columbus, Miss.
= Pleurobema curtum
 
Unio decumbens Lea, 1861.
Lea, 1861, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 40.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 87 [291], pl. 12, fig. 236.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86150, Alabama.
= Elliptio complanata
 
Unio dolosus Lea, 1860.
Lea, 1860, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 307.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 75 [79], pl. 9, fig. 224.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86119, Claiborne, Ala.
= Potamilus purpuratus
 
Unio emmonsii Lea, 1857.
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 86.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 56 [60], pl. 2, fig. 203.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86028, Roanoke R., Weldon, N.C.
= Elliptio lanceolata
 
Unio exactus Lea, 1858.
Lea, 1858, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 41.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 62 [66], pl. 4, fig. 210.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85002, Neuse R., near Raleigh, N.C.
= Elliptio complanata
 
Unio fabaceus Lea, 1861.
Lea, 1861, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 38.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 90 [94], pl. 13, fig. 238.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85165, Oostanula R., Ga.
= Leaunio umbrans
 
Unio flavidulus Lea, 1861.
Lea, 1861, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 39.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 97 [101], pl. 15, fig. 245.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84719, Columbus, Miss.
= Pleurobema perovatum
 
Unio florentinus Lea, 1857.
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 83.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 64 [68], pl. 5, fig. 213.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84948, Florence, Alabama.
= Epioblasma florentina
 
Unio genthii Lea, 1857.
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 85.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 57 [61], pl. 2, fig. 204.
Type(s): SYNTYPES USNM_84833, Deep R., N.C.
= Venustaconcha constricta
 
Unio glandaceus Lea, 1861.
Lea, 1861, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 59.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 77 [81], pl. 9, fig. 226.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84577, Cahawba R., Ala.
= Fusconaia cerina
 
Unio gracilentus Lea, 1857.
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 85.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 58 [62], pl. 3, fig. 205.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85976, Catawba R., Gaston Co., N.C.
= Elliptio arctata
 
Unio hartmanianus Lea, 1860.
Lea, 1860, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 307.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 73 [77], pl. 8, fig. 222.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84652, Coosa R., Wetumpka, Ala.
= Pleurobema hartmanianum
 
Unio instructus Lea, 1861.
Lea, 1861, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 59.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 82 [86], pl. 10, fig. 230.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84640, Cahawba R., Ala.
= Pleurobema verum
 
Unio insulsus Lea, 1857.
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 86.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 53 [57], pl. 1, fig. 199.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85644, Roanoke R., Weldon, N.C.
= Elliptio complanata
 
Unio interventus Lea, 1861.
Lea, 1861, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 60.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 84 [88], pl. 11, fig. 233.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84722, Cahawba R., Ala.
= Pleurobema perovatum
 
Unio irrasus Lea, 1861.
Lea, 1861, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 38.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 91 [95], pl. 13, fig. 239.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84637, Etowah R., Ga.
= Pleurobema georgianum
 
Unio lewisii Lea, 1861.
Lea, 1861, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 40.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 71 [75], pl. 8, fig. 220.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85806, Coosa R., Ala.
= Pleurobema fibuloides
 
Unio medius Lea, 1861.
Lea, 1861, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 40.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 78 [82], pl. 10, fig. 227.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84794, Coosa R., Ala.
= Pleurobema georgianum
 
Unio meredithii Lea, 1858.
Lea, 1858, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 40.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 65 [69], pl. 6, fig. 214.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84393, Florence, Ala.
= Pleuronaia barnesiana
 
Unio negatus Lea, 1861.
Lea, 1861, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 59.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 76 [80], pl. 9, fig. 225.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84382, Big Prairie Cr., Ala.
= Fusconaia cerina
 
Unio neusensis Lea, 1858.
Lea, 1858, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 41.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 60 [64], pl. 4, fig. 208.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85465, Neuse R., near Raleigh, N.C.
= Elliptio complanata
 
Unio ocmulgeensis Lea, 1861.
Lea, 1861, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 38 [as ‘ocmulgéensis’].
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 95 [99], pl. 14, fig. 243 [as ‘ocmulgéensis’].
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85901, Little Ocmulgee R., Lumber City, Georgia.
= Elliptio icterina
 
Unio ornatus Lea, 1861.
Lea, 1861, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 41.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 85 [89], pl. 11, fig. 234.
(prim. homonym of Unio ornatus Conrad, 1835)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85854, Alabama.
= Pleuronaia barnesiana
 
Unio pallidofulvus Lea, 1861.
Lea, 1861, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 60.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 83 [87], pl. 11, fig. 232.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84721, Cahawba R., Ala.
= Pleurobema perovatum
 
Unio pauperculus Lea, 1861.
Lea, 1861, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 39.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 99 [103], pl. 15, fig. 247.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85763, Columbus, Miss.
= Cyclonaias asperata
 
Unio percoarctatus Lea, 1857.
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 85.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 59 [63], pl. 3, fig. 206.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85529, Catawba R., Mecklenburg Co., N.C.
= Elliptio complanata
 
Unio permiscens Lea, 1859.
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 112.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 102 [106], pl. 17, fig. 251.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86118, Columbus, Miss.
= Potamilus purpuratus
 
Unio perpastus Lea, 1861.
Lea, 1861, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 60.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 69 [73], pl. 7, fig. 219.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84960, Coosa R., Alabama.
= Lampsilis straminea
 
Unio perradiatus Lea, 1858.
Lea, 1858, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 40.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 66 [70], pl. 6, fig. 215.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84501, Florence, Alabama.
= Lampsilis fasciola
 
Unio plancus Lea, 1860.
Lea, 1860, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 307.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 81 [85], pl. 10, fig. 229.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85345, Coosa R., Wetumpka, Ala.
= Cambarunio nebulosa
 
Unio porphyreus Lea, 1861.
Lea, 1861, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 60.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 80 [84] , pl. 10, fig. 228.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84851, Coosa R., Alabama.
= Leaunio umbrans
 
Unio propinquus Lea, 1857.
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 83.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 63 [67], pl. 5, fig. 212.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84332, Florence, Alabama.
= Epioblasma propinqua
 
Unio purus Lea, 1858.
Lea, 1858, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 41.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 61 [65], pl. 4, fig. 209.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85003, Neuse R., near Raleigh, N.C.
= Elliptio complanata
 
Unio pybasii Lea, 1858.
Lea, 1858, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 40.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 67, pl. 6, fig. 216.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85138, Tuscumbia, Alabama.
= Leaunio vanuxemensis
 
Unio rubidus Lea, 1861.
Lea, 1861, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 40.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 95 [99], pl. 14, fig. 244.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84381, Columbus, Tombigbee R., Miss.
= Fusconaia cerina
 
Unio showalterii Lea, 1860.
Lea, 1860, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 307.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 73 [77], pl. 8, fig. 223.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85748, Coosa R., Ala.
= Pleurobema hartmanianum
 
Unio spadiceus Lea, 1857.
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 86.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 55 [59], pl. 1, fig. 201.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85251, Deep R., N.C.
= Elliptio complanata
 
Unio spillmanii Lea, 1861.
Lea, 1861, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 39.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 98 [102], pl. 15, fig. 246.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84925, Columbus, Mississippi.
= Hamiota perovalis
 
Unio stabilis Lea, 1861.
Lea, 1861, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 59.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 71 [75], pl. 8, fig. 221.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84639, Coosa R., Ala.
= Pleurobema stabile
 
Unio striatulus Lea, 1857.
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 86.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 55 [59], pl. 2, fig. 202.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84548, Roanoke R., Weldon, N.C.
= Fusconaia masoni
 
Unio trinacris Lea, 1862.
‘Lea’ Of Authors.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: pl. 12, fig. 235.
Sowerby, 1868, Conch. Icon.: pl. 81, sp. 428.
(error for Unio trinacrus Lea, 1861)
= Ptychobranchus foremanianus
 
Unio trinacrus Lea, 1861.
Lea, 1861, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 59.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 86 [90], pl. 12, fig. 235.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84445, Coosa R., Alabama.
= Ptychobranchus foremanianus
 
Unio turgidulus Lea, 1858.
Lea, 1858, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 40.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 62, pl. 5, fig. 211.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84946, Cumberland R., Tenn.
= Epioblasma turgidula
 
Unio verus Lea, 1861.
Lea, 1861, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 40.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 83 [87], pl. 11, fig. 231.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84589, Cahawba R., Ala.
= Pleurobema verum
 
 
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