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Page last updated
9 August
2018

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The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World
(and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the search fields. Either way, you win!

Taxa known only as fossils are highlighted in gray. Those without representatives in fresh waters are highlighted in gold.

 

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Bivalvia
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Publication Information

Lea, I. 1868. New Unionidæ, Melanidæ, etc., chiefly of the United States. Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences 6 [O. 12]: 249-302, pls. 29-45 (Obs. 12: 9-62).
Availably electronically? yes.

Species Described
Anodonta bridgesii Lea, 1868.
Lea, 1868, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 95.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 291 [51], pl. 42, fig. 104.
Type(s): TYPES USNM_86691, Lake Nicaragua.
= Anodontites trapesialis
 
Anodonta granadensis Lea, 1868.
Lea, 1868, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 96.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 288 [48], pl. 41, fig. 100.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86655, L. Nicaragua.
= Anodontites inaequivalva
 
Anodonta inaequivalva Lea, 1868.
Lea, 1868, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 95 [as ‘inæquivalva’].
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 292 [52], pl. 43, fig. 108 [as ‘inæquivalva’].
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86767, Lake Nicaragua.
= Anodontites inaequivalva
 
Anodonta jewettiana Lea, 1868.
Lea, 1868, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 95.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 289, pl. 41, fig. 101 [as ‘jewettii’].
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86681, Lake Nicaragua.
= Anodontites trapesialis
 
Anodonta jewettii Lea, 1868.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 289, pl. 41, fig. 101.
(error for Anodonta jewettiana Lea, 1868)
= Anodontites trapesialis
 
Anodonta lenticularis Lea, 1868.
Lea, 1868, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 95.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 290 [50], pl. 41, fig. 102.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86704, Lake Nicaragua.
= Anodontites inaequivalva
 
Anodonta pazii Lea, 1866.
Lea, 1866, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 35.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 274, pl. 36, fig. 87.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86703, So. Am.
= Anodontites trapezeus
 
Anodonta youkanensis Lea, 1867.
Lea, 1867, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 81 [as ‘youconensis’].
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 287 [47], pl. 40, fig. 99.
(correct name for Anodonta youconensis Lea, 1867)
Type(s): FIGURED SYNTYPE USNM_86624, Upper Yukon R., Alaska.
= Sinanodonta beringiana
 
Monocondyloea lentiformis Lea, 1866.
Lea, 1866, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 34 [as ‘Monocondylœa lentiformis’].
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 272, pl. 36, fig. 86 [as ‘Monocondylœa’].
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86335, South America.
= Monocondylaea corrientesensis
 
Monocondyloea mardinensis Lea, 1865.
Lea, 1865, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 286 [as ‘Monocondylœa mardinensis’].
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 252, pl. 30, fig. 67 [as ‘Monocondylœa mardinensis’].
Type(s): FIGURED SYNTYPE USNM_86354, near Mardin, R. Tigris, Syria.
= Leguminaia wheatleyi
 
Monocondyloea pazii Lea, 1866.
Lea, 1866, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 34 [as ‘Monocondylœa pazii’].
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 273, pl. 36, fig. 88 [as ‘Monocondylœa’].
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86342, South America.
= Monocondylaea minuana
 
Unio acutirostris Lea, 1866.
Lea, 1866, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 34.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 270 [30], pl. 35, fig. 84.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (MONOTYPY) USNM_85930, S. America.
= Diplodon parallelopipedon
 
Unio amabilis Lea, 1865.
Lea, 1865, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 89.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 257 [17], pl. 31, fig. 72.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84573, Butler, Taylor Co., Ga.
= Pleurobema pyriforme
 
Unio ampullaceus Lea, 1866.
Lea, 1866, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 34.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 269, pl. 35, fig. 83.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85614, S. America.
= Diplodon uruguayensis
 
Unio apprimus Lea, 1866.
Lea, 1866, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 34.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 263, pl. 33, fig. 78.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85167, S. America.
= Diplodon uruguayensis
 
Unio asperulus Lea, 1866.
Lea, 1866, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 133.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 280, pl. 38, fig. 94.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84078, Siam.
= Contradens contradens
 
Unio beaverensis Lea, 1868.
Lea, 1868, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 161.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 297 [57], pl. 44, fig. 109.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85598, Beaver Cr., Cahawba R., N.C.
= Elliptio complanata
 
Unio bisselianus Lea, 1867.
Lea, 1867, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 81.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 277 [37], pl. 37, fig. 90.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85373, Bissels Pond, Charlotte, N.C.
= Uniomerus carolinianus
 
Unio clinchensis Lea, 1867.
Lea, 1867, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 81.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 278 [38], pl. 37, fig. 91.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84596, Clinch R., Tenn.
= Pleurobema oviforme
 
Unio cromwellii Lea, 1865.
Lea, 1865, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 89.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 258 [18], pl. 31, fig. 73.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85280, Kiokee Creek, near Albany, Georgia.
= Toxolasma paulum
 
Unio datus Lea, 1868.
Lea, 1868, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 161.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 299 [59], pl. 44, fig. 111.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85097, Beaver Cr., Catawba R., N.C.
= Elliptio complanata
 
Unio doliaris Lea, 1865.
Lea, 1865, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 88.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 260 [20], pl. 32, fig. 75.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84936, Etowah R., Georgia.
= Hamiota altilis
 
Unio dorsatus Lea, 1868.
Lea, 1868, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 160.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 300 [60], pl. 45, fig. 112.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84494, Catawba R., N.C.
= Elliptio congaraea
 
Unio emesaensis Lea, 1865.
Lea, 1865, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 286.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 254 [14], pl. 30, fig. 68.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85856, Emesi, L. Homs, R. Orontes, N. Syria.
= Potomida semirugata
 
Unio encarpus Lea, 1868.
Lea, 1868, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 95.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 294 [54], pl. 42, fig. 105.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84386, L. Nicaragua.
= Arotonaias imbricata
 
Unio evitatus Lea, 1866.
Lea, 1866, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 133.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 279, pl. 38, fig. 92.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85191, Bengal.
= Radiatula caerulea
 
Unio ferussacianus Lea, 1868.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 255, footnote.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85182, Bagdad, Persia.
= Potomida littoralis
 
Unio firmus Lea, 1866.
Lea, 1866, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 33.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 267, pl. 34, fig. 82.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85113, S. America.
= Diplodon delodontus
 
Unio gabbianus Lea, 1868.
Lea, 1868, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 95.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 295 [55], pl. 43, fig. 106.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84387, L. Nicaragua.
= Arotonaias nicaraguensis
 
Unio granadensis Lea, 1868.
Lea, 1868, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 95.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 293 [53], pl. 42, fig. 103.
(renamed Micronaias marshalli Morrison, 1943)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84388, Lake Nicaragua, Nicaragua.
= Micronaias granadensis
 
Unio homsensis Lea, 1865.
Lea, 1865, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 285.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 249 [9], pl. 29, fig. 63.
Type(s): SYNTYPE ANSP_125718, Orontes R., Lake Homs, N. Syria.
= Pseudunio homsensis
 
Unio humerosus Lea, 1868.
Lea, 1868, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 161.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 301 [61], pl. 45, fig. 113.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85414, Sugar Cr., near Charlotte, Mecklenburg, Co., N.C.
= Elliptio complanata
 
Unio jewettii Lea, 1867.
Lea, 1867, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 81.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 276 [36], pl. 37, fig. 89.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85374, Sink of Noonan’s Lake, Fla.
= Uniomerus carolinianus
 
Unio kullethensis Lea, 1865.
Lea, 1865, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 285.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 251 [11], fig. 29, fig. 65.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85663, near Mardin, Asiatic Turkey.
= Unio bruguierianus
 
Unio locellus Lea, 1866.
Lea, 1866, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 34.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 264, pl. 33, fig. 79.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85189, Buenos Ayres, Argentina.
= Diplodon variabilis
 
Unio lyonii Lea, 1865.
Lea, 1865, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 89.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 259 [19], pl. 32, fig. 74.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85804, E. Tenn.
= Pleuronaia barnesiana
 
Unio mardinensis Lea, 1865.
Lea, 1865, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 286.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 252 [12], pl. 30, fig. 66.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85664, R. Tigris, near Mardin, Asiatic Turkey.
= Unio bruguierianus
 
Unio marginis Lea, 1865.
Lea, 1865, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 89.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 255 [15], pl. 31, fig. 69.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85295, Blue Springs, Georgia.
= Toxolasma paulum
 
Unio nicaraguensis Lea, 1868.
Lea, 1868, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 95.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 296 [56], pl. 43, fig. 107.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84390, Lake Nicaragua.
= Arotonaias nicaraguensis
 
Unio nubilus Lea, 1868.
Lea, 1868, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 161.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 298 [58], pl. 44, fig. 110.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85417, Paw Cr., near Charlotte, Mecklenburg, Co., N.C.
= Elliptio complanata
 
Unio orphaensis Lea, 1865.
Lea, 1865, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 285.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 250 [10], pl. 29, fig. 64.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85603, Tigris R., Pashalic of Orpha, Asiatic Turkey.
= Unio bruguierianus
 
Unio paraguayensis Lea, 1866.
Lea, 1866, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 34.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 271, pl. 35, fig. 85.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85068, Paraguay.
= Diplodon delodontus
 
Unio parcus Lea, 1866.
Lea, 1866, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 34.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 262, pl. 33, fig. 77.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85198, S. America.
= Diplodon charruanus
 
Unio pawensis Lea, 1868.
Lea, 1868, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 161.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 302 [62], pl. 45, fig. 114.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85380, Catawba R., N.C.
= Uniomerus carolinianus
 
Unio peculiaris Lea, 1866.
Lea, 1866, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 33.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 265, pl. 34, fig. 80.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85190, S. America.
= Diplodon wymanii
 
Unio pilatus Lea, 1866.
Lea, 1866, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 133.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 281, pl. 38, fig. 95.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85195, Siam.
= Radiatula pilata
 
Unio proprius Lea, 1865.
Lea, 1865, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 89.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 256 [16], pl. 31, fig. 70.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85141, Lafayette, Georgia.
= Leaunio umbrans
 
Unio protensus Lea, 1865.
Lea, 1865, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 88.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 256 [16], pl. 31, fig. 71.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85994, River Eno, near Millsburg, Orange Co., N. Carolina.
= Elliptio complanata
 
Unio punctatus Lea, 1865.
Lea, 1865, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 89.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 261 [21], pl. 32, fig. 76.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84968, Tuscumbia, Alabama.
= Cambarunio taeniatus
 
Unio rufofuscus Lea, 1865.
Lea, 1865, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 76.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 282, pl. 39, fig. 96.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84101, [no locality available - South America].
= Diplodon gratus
 
Unio rugososulcatus Lea, 1866.
Lea, 1866, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 33.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 266 [26], pl. 34, fig. 81.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84392, Central America.
= Pachynaias rugososulcata
 
Unio siamensis Lea, 1866.
Lea, 1866, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 133.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 279 [39], pl. 38, fig. 93.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85893, Siam.
= Trapezoideus foliaceus
 
Unio tortuosus Lea, 1865.
Lea, 1865, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 76.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 286, pl. 39, fig. 98.
= Aculamprotula tortuosa
 
Unio wrightii Lea, 1865.
Lea, 1865, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 75.
Lea, 1868, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 283, pl. 39, fig. 97.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84129, China.
= Nodularia douglasiae
 
 
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