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2018

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The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World
(and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the search fields. Either way, you win!

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Publication Information

Swainson, W.A. 1840. A Treatise on Malacology: or the Natural Classification of Shells and Shell-Fish: 419 pp.
Availably electronically? yes.

Species Described
Alasmodon inflata Swainson, 1840.
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 289, footnote.
(intro'd as syn of Uniopsis mytiloides Swainson, 1840)
= Alasmidonta undulata
 
Anodon areolatus Swainson, 1829.
Swainson, 1829, Zool. Illustr.: pl. 18.
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 381 [as ‘Hemiodon areolata’].
= Strophitus undulatus
 
Anodon elongatus Swainson, 1823.
Swainson, 1823, Zool. Illustr.: pl. 176.
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 381 [as ‘Lamproscapha elongata’].
= Anodontites elongatus
 
Anodon ovata Swainson, 1841.
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 381 [as ‘Patularia ovata’].
Swainson, 1841, Ex. Conch.: 30, pl. 36.
= Anodontites trigonus
 
Anodon purpurascens Swainson, 1823.
Swainson, 1823, Zool. Illustr.: pl. 160 [260?].
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 287; 381 [as ‘Hemiodon purpurscens’].
= Leptodea leptodon
 
Anodon rotundatus Swainson, 1841.
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 381 [as ‘Patularia rotundatus’].
Swainson, 1841, Ex. Conch.: 31, pl. 37.
= Sinanodonta woodiana
 
Anodon rubra Swainson, 1840.
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 287.
(error for Anodonta rubens Lamarck, 1819)
= Chambardia rubens
 
Anodon rugosus Swainson, 1822.
Swainson, 1822, Zool. Illustr.: pl. 96.
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 262.
= Strophitus undulatus
 
Anodonta trapezialis Blainville, 1825.
‘Lamarck’ Of Authors.
Blainville, 1825, Manuel Malacol. et Conch.: 538.
Bory de St. Vincent, 1827, Encycl. Méth.: 147.
Menke, 1828, Syn. Method. Moll.: 63.
Menke, 1830, Syn. Method. Moll.: 106.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 93.
d’Orbigny, 1835, Mag. Zool.: 43.
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 53.
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 287.
Hanley, 1843, Illustr. Descr. Cat. Rec. Bivalve Shells: 220.
Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 52.
Adams & Adams, 1857, Gen. Rec. Moll.: 504.
Hupé, 1857, [in] Castelnau, Amim. Nouv. Rares d’Amer. Sud: 85.
Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 82.
Ihering, 1893, Arch. Naturg.: 135.
Corsi, 1900, Anais Mus. Nac. Montevideo: 456.
Marshall, 1915, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus.: 529.
Haas, 1929, Senckenbergiana: 340.
H.B. Baker, 1930, Occ. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich.: 70.
Morretes, 1949, Arqu. Mus. Paranaense: 27.
(error for Anodonta trapesialis Lamarck, 1819)
= Anodontites trapesialis
 
Calceola angulata Swainson, 1840.
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 382.
(new name for Unio calceolus Lea, 1828)
= Alasmidonta viridis
 
Castalia cordata Swainson, 1840.
Humphrey, 1797, Mus. Col.: ?? [non-binomial].
‘Humphrey’ Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 284, 379, footnote.
Adams & Adams, 1857, Gen. Rec. Moll.: pl. 120, figs. 2-2a.
‘Humphrey’ Adams & Adams, 1857, Gen. Rec. Moll.: 509.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE BMNH_1965197, British Guayana.
= Castalia cordata
 
Castalia (Naïa) picta Swainson, 1840.
Bruguière, 1797, Encycl. Méth.: pl. 248, fig. 6.
‘Müller’ Lamarck, 1819, Hist. Natur. Anim. sans Vert.: 78, var. b [as ‘Unio corrugata’] [in part].
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 379.
= Parreysia corrugata
 
Complanaria gigas Swainson, 1840.
Sowerby, 1839, Conch. Man.: 2, fig. 141.
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 288, 382.
= Lasmigona complanata
 
Hyria elongata Swainson, 1841.
Gray, 1825, Ann. Phil.: 138 [as ‘elongatum’] [nomen nudum].
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 284, 380 [nomen nudum].
Swainson, 1841, Ex. Conch.: 29, pl. 24.
= Prisodon obliquus
 
Iridina ovata Swainson, 1823.
Swainson, 1823, Philos. Mag. & J.: 113.
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 380.
(renamed Arca rostrum Wood, 1828)
= Pleiodon ovatus
 
Mysca mexicana Swainson, 1840.
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 279 [nomen nudum].

 
Mysca (Potomida) corrugata Swainson, 1840.
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 268-269, fig. 51; 281-282, fig. 57; 379.
= Potomida littoralis
 
Naia elongata Swainson, 1840.
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 285 [nomen nudum].
= Cucumerunio novaehollandiae
 
Potomida sicula Swainson, 1840.
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 282, fig. 58.
Type(s): POSSIBLE SYNTYPE BMNH_1907-10-28-255, Lake Leontini, Sicily.
= Unio pictorum
 
Quadrula lachrymosa Swainson, 1840.
‘Lea’ Of Authors.
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 378.
Hanley, 1843, Illustr. Descr. Cat. Rec. Bivalve Shells: 177.
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 256.
Adams & Adams, 1857, Gen. Rec. Moll.: 497.
Reeve, 1864, Conch. Icon.: pl. 9, sp. 33.
Call, 1895, Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis: 21.
F.C. Baker, 1898, Bull. Chicago Acad. Sci.: 83, pl. 25, fig. 1; pl. 12, fig. 2.
Call, 1900, Ind. Dept. Geol. Nat. Res.: 489.
Simpson, 1900, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus.: 776.
Ortmann, 1910, Nautilus: 140.
Ortmann, 1910, Nautilus: 116.
Ortmann, 1912, Ann. Carnegie Mus.: 253.
Simpson, 1914, Descr. Cat. Naiades: 839, 841.
Ortmann & Walker, 1922, Occ. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich.: 14, 16.
Frierson, 1927, Check List N. Amer. Naiades: 47.
F.C. Baker, 1928, Bull. Wisconsin Geol. Nat. Hist. Survey: 84.
R.I. Johnson, 1980, Bull. MCZ: 90.
Vidrine, 1993, Histr. Distr. Freshw. Mussels LA: 53.
Strayer & Jirka, 1997, Pearly Mussels NY: 98.
(error for Unio lacrymosus Lea, 1828)
= Quadrula quadrula
 
Unio calciolus Swainson, 1840.
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 289, footnote.
(error for Unio calceolus Lea, 1828)
= Alasmidonta viridis
 
Unio gigas Swainson, 1824.
Swainson, 1824, Quart. J. Sci., Lit. & Arts: 15-17.
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 262, 265, 378.
= Lasmigona complanata
 
Unio litoralis Menke, 1828.
‘Lamarck’ Of Authors.
Menke, 1828, Syn. Method. Moll.: 64.
Menke, 1830, Syn. Method. Moll.: 107.
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 32.
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 282.
Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 34.
Rossmässler, 1854, Icon. Land- und Süssw.-Moll.: 37.
Küster, 1855, Conchyl. Cab.: 128.
Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon.: pl. 22, sp. 98.
Sowerby, 1868, Conch. Icon.: pl. 86, sp. 461.
Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 54.
Westerlund, 1890, Fauna Paläarct. Binnenconch.: 52.
(error for Unio littoralis Cuvier, 1798)
= Potomida littoralis
 
Unio marginata Swainson, 1840.
‘Lamarck’ Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 278.
(error for Unio marginalis Lamarck, 1819)
= Lamellidens marginalis
 
Unio mytiliodes Swainson, 1840.
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 292.
(error for Unio mytiloides Swainson, 1840)
= Reginaia ebena
 
Unio nodosa Swainson, 1840.
‘Wood’ Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 268, footnote.
(error for Mya nodulosa Wood, 1815)
= Aculamprotula nodulosa
 
Unio ossidens Swainson, 1840.
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 262.
(error for Unio occidens Lea, 1829)
= Lampsilis cardium
 
Unio sinuosa Swainson, 1840.
‘Lamarck’ Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 262.
(error for Unio sinuata Lamarck, 1819)
= Pseudunio auricularia
 
Unio truncatus Swainson, 1823.
Swainson, 1823, Zool. Illustr.: pl. 10.
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 269-270.
(prim. homonym of Unio truncatus Spengler, 1793)
= Unio tigridis
 
Unio (Cunicula) foliacia Swainson, 1840.
‘Say’ Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 274.
(error for Unio foliatus Hildreth, 1828)
= Epioblasma flexuosa
 
Unio (Cunicula) purpurata Swainson, 1840.
‘Lam.’ Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 267, 274.
(error for Unio purpurascens Lamarck, 1819)
= Elliptio complanata
 
Unio (s.s.) mytiloides Swainson, 1840.
‘Rafinesque’ Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 269-270, figs. 52-53; 292 [as ‘mytilïodes’].
(mis-ID'd reference to Pleurobema mytiloides Rafinesque, 1820)
= Reginaia ebena
 
Unio (Theliderma) pustulata Swainson, 1840.
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 271, fig. 54d; 273.
(prim. homonym of Unio pustulatus Lea, 1831)
= Tritogonia verrucosa
 
Uniopsis mytiloides Swainson, 1840.
‘Lea’ Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 289 [as ‘Uniopsis radiata’].
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 382, fig. 62 [as ‘mytiloïdes’].
(renamed Unio swainsoni Sowerby, 1868)
= Alasmidonta undulata
 
Uniopsis radiata Swainson, 1840.
‘Lea’ Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 289, fig. 62.
(mis-ID'd reference to Alasmodonta radiata Conrad, 1834; renamed Unio swainsoni Sowerby, 1868)
= Alasmidonta undulata
 
Taxonomic Opinions
Aeglia cariosus (Say, 1817). — Swainson (1840: 276).
Aeglia cuneata Sw. — Swainson (1840: 276).
Aeglia ochraceus (Say, 1817). — Swainson (1840: 276).
Aeglia radiatus . — Swainson (1840: 276).
Aeglia siliquoideus . — Swainson (1840: 276).
Aeglia ventricosa . — Swainson (1840: 276).
Aeglia (Canthyria) spinosa (Lea, 1836). — Swainson (1840: 276).
Aeglia (Naidea) ater (Lea, 1829). — Swainson (1840: 276).
Aeglia (s.s.) occidens (Lea, 1829). — Swainson (1840: 262).
Aeglia (s.s.) ovata (Say, 1817). — Swainson (1840: 266).
Alasmodon undulata (Say, 1817). — Swainson (1840: 288).
Anodon anatinus . — Swainson (1840: 286).
Anodon cataracta Lam. — Swainson (1840: 381).
Anodon cygnea Lam. — Swainson (1840: 381).
Anodon trapezialis [sic] (Lamarck, 1819). — Swainson (1840: 287).
Calceola angulata Swainson, 1840. — Swainson (1840: 382).
Calceola truncata . — Swainson (1840: 289).
Calliscapha nilotica Sow. — Swainson (1840: 286).
Castalia (Naïa) corrugata Lam. — Swainson (1840: 379).
Castalia (Naïa) picta Swainson, 1840. — Swainson (1840: 379).
Castalia (s.s.) cordata Humphrey. — Swainson (1840: 379).
Castalia (s.s.) pectinata Spix. — Swainson (1840: 379).
Complanaria gigas Swainson, 1840. — Swainson (1840: 288).
Complanaria rugosa (Barnes, 1823). — Swainson (1840: 273).
Hemiodon areolata (Swainson, 1829). — Swainson (1840: 381).
Hemiodon purpurascens (Swainson, 1823). — Swainson (1840: 287).
Hemiodon undulatus (Say, 1817). — Swainson (1840: 381).
Hyria avicularis Lamarck, 1819. — Swainson (1840: 262).
Hyria corrugata Lamarck, 1819. — Swainson (1840: 262).
Hyria elongata Swainson, 1841. — Swainson (1840: 284).
Hyria syrmatophora Gmelin. — Swainson (1840: 380).
Hyridella australis (Lamarck, 1819). — Swainson (1840: 285).
Iridea granosa Lam. — Swainson (1840: 379).
Iridina elongata Sowerby, 1821. — Swainson (1840: 286).
Iridina ovata Swainson, 1823. — Swainson (1840: 380).
Iridina striata Sw. — Swainson (1840: 380).
cf. Lamproscapha elongata (Swainson, 1823). — Swainson (1840: 381).
Lamproscapha ensiforme Spix. — Swainson (1840: 286).
Lamproscapha pygmaea Spix. — Swainson (1840: 381).
Lamproscapha siliquosa Spix. — Swainson (1840: 286).
Margaritana arcuata (Barnes, 1823). — Swainson (1840: 274).
Margaritana elongata (Lamarck, 1819). — Swainson (1840: 274).
Margaritana margaritifera (Linnaeus, 1758). — Swainson (1840: 260).
Mycetopus solenoides (Sowerby, 1839). — Swainson (1840: 380).
Mysca mexicana Swainson, 1840. — Swainson (1840: 279).
Mysca nasuta Say. — Swainson (1840: 262).
Mysca nilotica . — Swainson (1840: 278).
Mysca (Lymnadia) alata (Say, 1817). — Swainson (1840: 265).
cf. Mysca (Lymnadia) compressa (Lea, 1829). — Swainson (1840: 280).
Mysca (Lymnadia) fragilis Sw. — Swainson (1840: 278).
Mysca (Potomida) corrugata Lam. — Swainson (1840: 268).
Mysca (Potomida) elongata . — Swainson (1840: 282).
Mysca (Potomida) littoralis (Lamarck, 1801). — Swainson (1840: 269).
Mysca (Potomida) sicula (Swainson, 1840). — Swainson (1840: 282).
Mysca (Potomida) sinuata Lamarck, 1819. — Swainson (1840: 262).
Mysca (s.s.) batava Lam. — Swainson (1840: 282).
Mysca (s.s.) marginalis (Lamarck, 1819). — Swainson (1840: 278).
Mysca (s.s.) ovata Sw. — Swainson (1840: 277).
Mysca (s.s.) pictorum (Linnaeus, 1758). — Swainson (1840: 278).
Patularia ovata (Swainson, 1841). — Swainson (1840: 381).
Patularia rotundatus (Swainson, 1841). — Swainson (1840: 381).
Symphynota bialata Lea, 1829. — Swainson (1840: 381).
Symphynota laevissima Lea, 1829. — Swainson (1840: 381).
Symphynota plicata (Leach, 1815). — Swainson (1840: 381).
Symphynota rubens (Lamarck, 1819). — Swainson (1840: 262).
cf. Symphynota tenuissima Lea, 1829. — Swainson (1840: 381).
Unio (Cunicula) cuneata (Rafinesque, 1820). — Swainson (1840: 262).
Unio (Cunicula) foliacia ‘Say’ Swainson, 1840. — Swainson (1840: 274).
Unio (Cunicula) patula Lea, 1829. — Swainson (1840: 378).
Unio (Cunicula) planulata Lea, 1829. — Swainson (1840: 267).
Unio (Cunicula) purpurascens Lamarck, 1819. — Swainson (1840: 267).
Unio (Cunicula) rubiginosa Lea, 1829. — Swainson (1840: 274).
Unio (Cunicula) secura Lea, 1829. — Swainson (1840: 378).
Unio (Ligumia) recta Lamarck, 1819. — Swainson (1840: 274).
Unio (Megadomus) gigas Sw. — Swainson (1840: 262).
Unio (s.s.) circula Lea, 1829. — Swainson (1840: 260).
Unio (s.s.) cornuta Barnes, 1823. — Swainson (1840: 268).
Unio (s.s.) ellipsis Lea, 1828. — Swainson (1840: 270).
Unio (s.s.) gibbosus “Lea”. — Swainson (1840: 270).
Unio (s.s.) mytiloides (Rafinesque, 1820). — Swainson (1840: 269).
Unio (s.s.) obliqua “Lea”. — Swainson (1840: 269).
Unio (s.s.) sulcata Lea, 1829. — Swainson (1840: 270).
Unio (s.s.) torsa (Rafinesque, 1820). — Swainson (1840: 269).
Unio (s.s.) truncatus Swainson, 1823. — Swainson (1840: 269).
Unio (s.s.) undatus Barnes, 1823. — Swainson (1840: 269).
Unio (s.s.) Æsopus . — Swainson (1840: 262).
Unio (Theliderma) crassidens Lamarck, 1819. — Swainson (1840: 273).
Unio (Theliderma) crassus Barnes, 1823. — Swainson (1840: 274).
Unio (Theliderma) cylindrica Say, 1817. — Swainson (1840: 271).
Unio (Theliderma) dombeyana Valenciennes. — Swainson (1840: 274).
Unio (Theliderma) irrorata Lea, 1828. — Swainson (1840: 271).
Unio (Theliderma) lachrymosa [sic] Lea, 1828. — Swainson (1840: 378).
Unio (Theliderma) metanevra (Rafinesque, 1820). — Swainson (1840: 268).
Unio (Theliderma) nodulosa (Wood, 1815). — Swainson (1840: 268).
Unio (Theliderma) peruviana Lamarck, 1819. — Swainson (1840: 269).
Unio (Theliderma) plicata LeSueuer. — Swainson (1840: 271).
Unio (Theliderma) pustulata Swainson, 1840. — Swainson (1840: 271).
Unio (Theliderma) pustulosa Lea, 1831. — Swainson (1840: 378).
Unio (Theliderma) rariplicata Lamarck, 1819. — Swainson (1840: 273).
Unio (Theliderma) rugosus . — Swainson (1840: 272).
Unio (Theliderma) undulata Valenciennes. — Swainson (1840: 274).
Unio (Theliderma) undulatus Barnes, 1823. — Swainson (1840: 273).
Unio (Theliderma) verrucosa Barnes, 1823. — Swainson (1840: 378).
Uniopsis mytiloides Swainson, 1840. — Swainson (1840: 382).
 
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