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Page last updated
9 August
2018

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The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World
(and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the search fields. Either way, you win!

Taxa known only as fossils are highlighted in gray. Those without representatives in fresh waters are highlighted in gold.

 

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Bivalvia
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Publication Information

Spix, J.B. von & J.A. Wagner. 1827. Testacea Fluviatilia Quae in Itinere per Brasiliam Annis MDCCCXVII – MDCCCXX: 36 pp., 29 pls.
Availably electronically? yes.

Species Described
Anodon anserinus Spix & Wagner, 1827.
Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: 29, pl. 21, figs. 1-2.
= Anodontites trapesialis
 
Anodon ensiformis Spix & Wagner, 1827.
Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: 31, pl. 24, figs. 1-2.
= Lamproscapha ensiformis
 
Anodon giganteus Spix & Wagner, 1827.
Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: 27, pl. 19, fig. 1 [in part].
(mis-ID'd reference to Anodon giganteus Spix & Wagner, 1827)
= Leila esula
 
Anodon giganteus Spix & Wagner, 1827.
Bruguière, 1797, Encycl. Méth.: pl. 205, fig. 1a-b [as Anodontites sp.].
Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: 27, pl. 19, figs. 1-2.
Type(s): PARATYPE SMF_3815, Rio Solimoes, b. Ega, Brasilien.
= Anodontites trapesialis
 
Anodon longinus Spix & Wagner, 1827.
Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: 29, pl. 22, fig. 1.
= Mycetopoda siliquosa
 
Anodon obtusus Spix & Wagner, 1827.
Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: 30, pl. 22, fig. 3.
Valenciennes, 1827, Coq. Mar. Biv.: pl. 48, figs. 3a-b.
Type(s): SYNTYPE SMF_3808, Brasilien.
= Anodontites obtusus
 
Anodon radiatus Spix & Wagner, 1827.
Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: 31, pl. 23, fig. 1.
Type(s): SYNTYPE SMF_3840, Staat Minas Gereas, Brasilien.
= Anodontites trapesialis
 
Anodon rotundus Spix & Wagner, 1827.
Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: 28, pl. 20, figs. 2-4.
(renamed Unio spixii d’Orbigny, 1835)
Type(s): SYNTYPE SMF_3809, Brasilien, Staat Sao Paulo.
= Anodontites trapezeus
 
Anodon siliquosus Spix & Wagner, 1827.
Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: 30, pl. 23, fig. 2.
Type(s): SYNTYPES MNHN_MP_0317, Province de Corrientes, Argentina and Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia.
= Mycetopoda siliquosa
 
Anodon trapezeus Spix & Wagner, 1827.
Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: 28, pl. 20, fig. 1.
(renamed Unio spixii d’Orbigny, 1835)
= Anodontites trapezeus
 
Anodon trigonus Spix & Wagner, 1827.
Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: 29, pl. 22, fig. 2.
(renamed Unio chiquitana d’Orbigny, 1835)
= Anodontites trigonus
 
Anodon obtusus var. lituratum Spix & Wagner, 1827.
Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: 30, pl. 22, fig. 4, var b..
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Anodon obtusus Spix & Wagner, 1827)
Type(s): SYNTYPE SMF_3807, Brasilien.
= Anodontites obtusus
 
Anodon siliquosus var. pygmaeum Spix & Wagner, 1827.
Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: 30, pl. 23, figs. 3-4.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Anodon siliquosus Spix & Wagner, 1827)
= Mycetopoda siliquosa
 
Aplodon inerme Spix & Wagner, 1827.
Spix in Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: pl. 25, figs. 1-2.
= Monocondylaea minuana
 
Columba spixii Ihering, 1890.
Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: 27, pl. 19, fig. 1 [as ‘Anodon giganteus’] [in part].
‘Spix’ Küster, 1839, Conchyl. Cab.: 6, pl. 1, fig. 2 [as ‘Anodonta gigantea’].
Ihering, 1890, Arch. Naturg.: 135, 142, pl. 9, fig. 4.
= Leila esula
 
Cyclas bahiensis Spix & Wagner, 1827.
Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: ??.
= Eupera bahiensis
 
Diplodon ellypticum Spix & Wagner, 1827.
Spix in Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: pl. 26, figs. 1-2.
(incorrect original spelling of Unio ellipticus Spix & Wagner, 1827)
= Diplodon ellipticus
 
Diplodon furcatum Spix & Wagner, 1827.
Spix in Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: pl. 27, figs. 1-2.
= Prisodon obliquus
 
Diplodon rhombeum Spix & Wagner, 1827.
Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: pl. 28, figs. 1-2.
(reference to Unio rhombeus Spix & Wagner, 1827)
= Diplodon rhombeus
 
Diplodon rotundum Spix & Wagner, 1827.
Spix in Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: pl. 26, figs. 3-4.
(reference to Unio rotundus Spix & Wagner, 1827)
= Diplodon rotundus
 
Unio caudatus Spix & Wagner, 1827.
Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: 35, pl. 27, figs. 1-2.
= Prisodon obliquus
 
Unio ellipticus Spix & Wagner, 1827.
Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: 33.
Spix in Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: pl. 26, figs. 1-2 [as Diplodon ellypticum].
(prim. homonym of Unio elliptica Rafinesque, 1820; correct name for Diplodon ellypticum Spix & Wagner, 1827; renamed Diplodon wagnerianum Simpson, 1900)
= Diplodon ellipticus
 
Unio pectinatus Spix & Wagner, 1827.
Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: 32, pl. 25, fig. 3-4.
Type(s): SYNTYPE MNHN-IM 2000-1785, Brazil [described from “Habitat in flumine S. Francisci in Provincia Minarum” [= Minas Gerais].
= Castalia ambigua
 
Unio pectinatus Spix & Wagner, 1827.
Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: 32, pl. 25, fig. 3 [in part].
(reference to Unio pectinatus Spix & Wagner, 1827)
= Castalia ambigua
 
Unio rhombeus Spix & Wagner, 1827.
Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: 34, pl. 28, figs. 1-2.
Type(s): SYNTYPE SMF_3866, Rio Solimoes, Amazonas Geb. Bras.
= Diplodon rhombeus
 
Unio rotundus Spix & Wagner, 1827.
Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: 34, pl. 26, figs. 3-4.
= Diplodon rotundus
 
Unio rugosus Spix & Wagner, 1827.
Spix & Wagner, 1827, Test. Fluv. Brasil.: 35, pl. 29, figs. 1-2.
(prim. homonym of Unio rugosa Poiret, 1801)
Type(s): SYNTYPE SMF_3782, Brasilien.
= Triplodon corrugatus
 
Taxonomic Opinions
Anodon anserinus Spix & Wagner, 1827. — Spix & Wagner (1827: 29).
Anodon ensiformis Spix & Wagner, 1827. — Spix & Wagner (1827: 31).
Anodon giganteus Spix & Wagner, 1827. — Spix & Wagner (1827: 27).
Anodon longinus Spix & Wagner, 1827. — Spix & Wagner (1827: 29).
Anodon obtusus Spix & Wagner, 1827. — Spix & Wagner (1827: 30).
Anodon obtusus var. lituratum Spix & Wagner, 1827. — Spix & Wagner (1827: 30).
Anodon radiatus Spix & Wagner, 1827. — Spix & Wagner (1827: 31).
Anodon rotundus Spix & Wagner, 1827. — Spix & Wagner (1827: 28).
Anodon siliquosus Spix & Wagner, 1827. — Spix & Wagner (1827: 30).
Anodon siliquosus var. pygmaeum Spix & Wagner, 1827. — Spix & Wagner (1827: 30).
Anodon trapezeus Spix & Wagner, 1827. — Spix & Wagner (1827: 28).
Anodon trigonus Spix & Wagner, 1827. — Spix & Wagner (1827: 29).
Diplodon caudatus (Spix & Wagner, 1827). — Spix & Wagner (1827: 35).
Diplodon ellipticus (Spix & Wagner, 1827). — Spix & Wagner (1827: 34).
Diplodon rhombeus (Spix & Wagner, 1827). — Spix & Wagner (1827: 34).
Diplodon rotundus (Spix & Wagner, 1827). — Spix & Wagner (1827: 34).
Tetraplodon pectinatum (Spix & Wagner, 1827). — Spix & Wagner (1827: 32).
Triplodon rugosus (Spix & Wagner, 1827). — Spix & Wagner (1827: 35).
 
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