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9 August
2018

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The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World
(and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the search fields. Either way, you win!

Taxa known only as fossils are highlighted in gray. Those without representatives in fresh waters are highlighted in gold.

 

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Publication Information

Martens, E.v. 1897. Beschalte Weichthiere Deutsch Ost Afrikas 4: 308 pp.
Availably electronically? yes.

Species Described
Aetheria elliptica Form-Varietät globosa Martens, 1897.
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr.: 218 [infra-subsp.].
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Etheria elliptica Lamarck, 1807)
= Etheria elliptica
 
Corbicula radiata Martens, 1897.
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr.: 259.
(reference to Cyrena radiata Philippi, 1846)
= Corbicula fluminalis
 
Mutela bourguignati var. smithi Martens, 1897.
‘Bourguignat’ E.A. Smith, 1892, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist.: 128, pl. 12, fig. 16 [as ‘Mutela bourguignati’].
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr.: 255.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Mutela bourguignati Bourguignat, 1885)
Type(s): SYNTYPE ZMB_108810, Mbugu, Victoria Nyansa.
= Mutela bourguignati
 
Mutela bourguignati var. truncata Martens, 1897.
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr.: 255, pl. 7, fig. 17.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Mutela bourguignati Bourguignat, 1885)
Type(s): SYNTYPE ZMB_108812, Buddu.
= Mutela bourguignati
 
Mutela nilotica var. emini Martens, 1897.
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr.: 253.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Iridina nilotica Cailliaud, 1823)
Type(s): SYNTYPES ZMB_108807, Kassenye, Albert Nyanza.
= Mutela dubia
 
Pleiodon spekei ‘Woodward’ of Authors.
‘Woodward’ Of Authors.
E.A. Smith, 1880, Proc. Zool. Soc. London: 350.
E.A. Smith, 1881, Proc. Zool. Soc. London: 296.
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr.: 256.
(error for Iridina spekii Woodward, 1859)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE BMNH_1859-12-23-8, Lake Tanganyika.
= Pleiodon spekii
 
Spatha divaricata Martens, 1897.
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr.: 250, pl. 7, fig. 15.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (MONOTYPY) ZMB_108821, Simin Fluss, Victoria Nyansa.
= Aspatharia divaricata
 
Spatha petersi Martens, 1860.
Martens, 1860, Malak. Blatt.: 218, pl. 3, figs. 1-2.
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr.: 251.
Type(s): SYNTYPES ZMB_4653, Zambeze, Tete Mosambik.
= Chambardia petersi
 
Spatha rotundata Martens, 1897.
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr.: 242, text fig..
= Chambardia bourguignati
 
Spatha stuhlmanni Martens, 1897.
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr.: 250, text fig..
Type(s): TYPE ZMB_108819, Buessa, Fluss Duki, l’Ituri.
= Aspatharia pfeifferiana
 
Spatha subaequilatera Martens, 1887.
Martens, 1887, Conch. Mitth.: 18, pl. 41, figs. 8-9.
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr.: 246, pl. 7, fig. 16.
= Chambardia bourguignati
 
Spatha trapezia Martens, 1897.
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr.: 243, text fig..
Type(s): FIGURED SYNTYPE ZMB_108816, Bare, Buddu.
= Chambardia trapezia
 
Spatha kirki var. liederi Martens, 1897.
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr.: 245.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Spathella kirki Ancey, 1894)
= Chambardia nyassaensis
 
Spatha trapezia var. senilis Martens, 1897.
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr.: 244, text fig..
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Spatha trapezia Martens, 1897)
Type(s): SYNTYPES ZMB_108817, Towalio, Buddu, Soweh, Uganda.
= Chambardia trapezia
 
Spatha wahlbergi var. dorsalis Martens, 1897.
‘Krauss’ Martens, 1860, Malak. Blatt.: 217 [as ‘Spatha wahlbergi’].
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr.: 247.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Iridina wahlbergi Krauss, 1848)
Type(s): SYNTYPE ZMB_43380, Ihindi, Ugogo.
= Chambardia wahlbergi
 
Spatha wahlbergi var. spatuliformis Martens, 1897.
‘Bgt.’ Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr.: 248, pl. 7, fig. 18.
(error for Spathella spathuliformis Bourguignat, 1889)
= Chambardia bourguignati
 
Sphaerium nyanzae Martens, 1897.
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr.: 260, pl. 7, fig. 10.
(reference to Sphaerium nyanzae Smith, 1892)
= Sphaerium nyanzae
 
Sphaerium stuhlmanni Martens, 1897.
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr.: 261, pl. 7, fig. 8.
= Sphaerium stuhlmanni
 
Unio ambifarius Martens, 1897.
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr.: 225, pl. 7, fig. 20.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (MONOTYPY) ZMB_104896, Tanzania, Dar Es Salaam.
= Coelatura ratidota
 
Unio boehmi Martens, 1897.
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr.: 223, pl. 7, fig. 9 [as ‘böhmi’].
Type(s): FIGURED SYNTYPE ZMB_35532, Karema, Tanganyikasee, Tanzania.
= Coelatura horei
 
Unio emini Martens, 1897.
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr.: 224, pl. 7, fig. 14.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ZMB_104895A (selected by Scholz & Glaubrecht, 2004), Masanza (Messansa), Simin Fluss.
= Coelatura hauttecoeuri
 
Unio gerrardi Martens, 1897.
E.A. Smith, 1880, Proc. Zool. Soc. London: 351 [as ‘U. niloticus Cailliaud’].
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr.: 223, pl. 7, fig. 5.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ZMB_32910A (selected by Scholz & Glaubrecht, 2004), Tanganyikasee, Tanzania.
= Coelatura horei
 
Unio hypsiprymnus Martens, 1897.
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr.: 230, pl. 7, fig. 1.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ZMB_104808A (selected by Scholz & Glaubrecht, 2004), Mbampa Bucht, Malawisee, Tanzania.
= Coelatura hypsiprymna
 
Unio liederi Martens, 1897.
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr.: 226, pl. 7, fig. 19.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ZMB_104813 (selected by Scholz & Glaubrecht, 2004), Ulanga, oberes Rufidschi Gebiet, Tansania, Ruaha River.
= Coelatura mossambicensis
 
Unio mossambicensis Martens, 1860.
‘Peters’ Martens, 1860, Malak. Blatt.: 218, pl. 3, figs. 3-5.
‘Ptrs.’ Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr.: 225, pl. 7, fig. 2.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ZMB_4654A (selected by Scholz & Glaubrecht, 2004), Mosambik, Tete, unterer [lower] Sambesi.
= Coelatura mossambicensis
 
Unio multicolor Martens, 1897.
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr.: 236, pl. 7, fig. 4.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ZMB_104855A (selected by Scholz & Glaubrecht, 2004), Insel Sirwa, Viktoria Nyansa.
= Coelatura hauttecoeuri
 
Unio ngesianus Martens, 1897.
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr.: 234, pl. 7, fig. 7.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ZMB_104891A (selected by Scholz & Glaubrecht, 2004), Kissaka, NW Kuste Ngesi (Albert-Edward) See.
= Coelatura bakeri
 
Unio rostralis Martens, 1897.
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr.: 238.
(prim. homonym of Unio rostralis de Joannis, 1859; new name for Grandidieria rostrata Bourguignat, 1885)
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ZMB_104830A (selected by Scholz & Glaubrecht, 2004), Tanganyika, Kala.
= Grandidieria burtoni
 
Unio stuhlmanni Martens, 1897.
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr.: 231, pl. 7, fig. 13.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (ORIG. DESIG.) ZMB_104867A, Vitschumbi.
= Coelatura stuhlmanni
 
Unio (Grandidieria) burtoni var. sturanyi Martens, 1897.
Sturany, 1894, Baumann, Durch Massailand: 6, pl. 24, fig. 31; pl. 25, fig. 35.
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr.: 238.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio burtoni Woodward, 1859)
Type(s): SYNTYPES ZMB_104842, Tanganyika bei Karema.
= Grandidieria burtoni
 
Unio lechaptoisi var. minor Martens, 1897.
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr.: 227.
(prim. homonym of Unio minor Rossmässler, 1835; intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio lechaptoisi Ancey, 1894)
Type(s): SYNTYPE ZMB_104816, Mbampa Bay.
= Coelatura mossambicensis
 
Unio rostralis var. brevior Martens, 1897.
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr.: 239.
(new name for Grandidieria gravida Bourguignat, 1885; intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio rostralis Martens, 1897)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE MNHN_MP_0029, Tanganyika.
= Grandidieria burtoni
 
Taxonomic Opinions
Aetheria elliptica s.s. (Lamarck, 1807). — Martens (1897: 216).
Aetheria elliptica var. cailliaudi (Férussac, 1823). — Martens (1897: 217).
Aetheria elliptica var. tubifera Sowerby, 1825. — Martens (1897: 217).
Brazzaea anceyi Bourguignat, 1885. — Martens (1897: 258).
Burtonia tanganyicensis (E. Smith, 1880). — Martens (1897: 257).
Burtonia tanganyicensis var. livingstoniana Bourguignat. — Martens (1897: 258).
Moncetia anceyi Bourguignat, 1885. — Martens (1897: 258).
Mutela (Calliscapha) alata (Lea, 1864). — Martens (1897: 253).
Mutela (Calliscapha) alata var. simpsoni Ancey, 1894. — Martens (1897: 253).
Mutela (Calliscapha) nilotica (Férussac in Cailliaud, 1823). — Martens (1897: 253).
Mutela (Calliscapha) nilotica var. emini n. — Martens (1897: 253).
Mutela (Calliscapha) soleniformis Bourguignat, 1885. — Martens (1897: 254).
Mutela (Calliscapha) subdiaphana Bourguignat, 1883. — Martens (1897: 254).
Mutela (Iridina) spekei (Woodward, 1859). — Martens (1897: 256).
Mutela (s.s.) bourguignati Ancey, in litt. Bourguignat, 1885. — Martens (1897: 255).
Mutela (s.s.) bourguignati var. smithi n. — Martens (1897: 255).
Mutela (s.s.) bourguignati var. truncata n. — Martens (1897: 255).
Spatha anceyi Bourguignat bei Ancey, 1894. — Martens (1897: 247).
Spatha bloyeti (Bourguignat, 1889). — Martens (1897: 249).
Spatha divaricata n. — Martens (1897: 250).
Spatha kirki (Ancey, 1894). — Martens (1897: 244).
Spatha kirki var. liederi n. — Martens (1897: 245).
Spatha martensi Sturany in Baumann, 1894. — Martens (1897: 244).
Spatha nyassaënsis Lea, 1864. — Martens (1897: 246).
Spatha petersi v. Martens, 1860. — Martens (1897: 251).
Spatha rotundata n. — Martens (1897: 242).
Spatha stuhlmanni n. — Martens (1897: 250).
Spatha subaequilatera v. Martens, 1887. — Martens (1897: 246).
Spatha trapezia n. — Martens (1897: 243).
Spatha trapezia var. senilis n. — Martens (1897: 244).
Spatha wahlbergi (Krauss, 1848). — Martens (1897: 247).
Spatha wahlbergi var. dorsalis n. — Martens (1897: 247).
Spatha wahlbergi var. spatuliformis [sic] (Bourguignat, 1889). — Martens (1897: 248).
Unio acuminatus Adams, H., 1866. — Martens (1897: 227).
Unio ambifarius von Martens, 1897. — Martens (1897: 225).
Unio bakeri Adams, H., 1866. — Martens (1897: 231).
Unio billottianus Charmes, 1885. — Martens (1897: 236).
Unio böhmi von Martens, 1897. — Martens (1897: 223).
Unio borellii Ancey, 1894. — Martens (1897: 227).
Unio burtoni Woodward, 1859. — Martens (1897: 237).
Unio burtoni var. insignis (Ancy bei Bourguignat, 1885). — Martens (1897: 238).
Unio burtoni var. servainianus (Bourguignat, 1885). — Martens (1897: 238).
Unio burtoni var. smithi (Bourguignat, 1885). — Martens (1897: 238).
Unio burtoni var. sturanyi n. — Martens (1897: 238).
Unio calathus Bourguignat, 1885. — Martens (1897: 224).
Unio dumesnilianus Charmes, 1885. — Martens (1897: 233).
Unio emini von Martens, 1897. — Martens (1897: 224).
Unio euphymus Charmes, 1885. — Martens (1897: 234).
Unio gerrardi von Martens, 1897. — Martens (1897: 223).
Unio grandidieri Bourguignat, 1883. — Martens (1897: 233).
Unio hauttecoeuri Bourguignat, 1883. — Martens (1897: 232).
Unio hauttecoeuri var. edwardsianus Bourguignat, 1883. — Martens (1897: 232).
Unio horei Smith, E.A., 1880. — Martens (1897: 235).
Unio hypsiprymnus n. — Martens (1897: 230).
Unio kirkii Lea, 1864. — Martens (1897: 229).
Unio lechaptoisi Ancey, 1894. — Martens (1897: 226).
Unio lechaptoisi var. minor von Martens, 1897. — Martens (1897: 227).
Unio ledoulxianus Charmes, 1885. — Martens (1897: 229).
Unio liederi von Martens, 1897. — Martens (1897: 226).
Unio lourdeli Bourguignat, 1887. — Martens (1897: 228).
Unio monceti Bourguignat, 1883. — Martens (1897: 228).
Unio mossambicensis von Martens, 1860. — Martens (1897: 225).
Unio multicolor n. — Martens (1897: 236).
Unio ngesianus n. — Martens (1897: 234).
Unio nyassaënsis Lea, 1864. — Martens (1897: 230).
Unio ratidotus Charmes, 1885. — Martens (1897: 225).
Unio rostralis n. — Martens (1897: 238).
Unio rostralis var. brevior n. — Martens (1897: 239).
Unio ruellani Bourguignat, 1883. — Martens (1897: 235).
Unio stuhlmanni n. — Martens (1897: 231).
Unio tanganyicensis E. Smi., 1880. — Martens (1897: 240).
Unio teretiusculus Philippi, 1847. — Martens (1897: 229).
Unio thomsoni E. Smi., 1880. — Martens (1897: 240).
 
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