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2018

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The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World
(and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the search fields. Either way, you win!

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Publication Information

Rafinesque, C.S. 1831. Continuation of a monograph of the bivalve shells of the river Ohio and other rivers of the western states. By Prof. C.S. Rafinesque. (Published at Brussels, September, 1820) Containing 46 species, from No. 76 to no. 121. Including an appendix on some bivalve shells of the rivers of Hindostan, with a supplement on the fossil bivalves of the Western states, and the Tulosites, a new genus of fossils: 8 pp.
Availably electronically? yes.

Species Described
Amblasmodon hians Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 5.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 80.
= Lasmigona costata
 
Anodonta inflata Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 6.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 81.
= Pyganodon grandis
 
Anodonta rufa Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 6 [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 82 [nomen nudum].
= Potamilus ohiensis
 
Anodonta (Flexiplis?) digonota Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 6.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 82.
= Pyganodon cataracta
 
Anodonta inflata var. fuscata Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 6.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 82.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Anodonta inflata Rafinesque, 1831)
= Pyganodon grandis
 
Anodonta inflata var. viridis Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 6.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 82.
(prim. homonym of Anodonta viridis Rafinesque, 1820; intro'd as intra-sp. of Anodonta inflata Rafinesque, 1831)
= Pyganodon grandis
 
Anodonta inflata var. zonalis Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 6.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 82.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Anodonta inflata Rafinesque, 1831)
= Pyganodon grandis
 
Bariosta diaphanus Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 3.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 74.

 
Bariosta diploderma Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 2.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 73.

 
Bariosta fulvus Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 3.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 74.
= Eurynia dilatata
 
Bariosta lasmabrachys Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 3.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 74.

 
Bariosta montanus Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 2.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 73.

 
Bariosta ponderosus Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 2.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 73.
= Plectomerus dombeyanus
 
Bariosta vittatis Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 2.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 73.
= Ortmanniana pectorosa
 
Bariosta (Lemiox) rimosus Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 3.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 74.
= Lemiox rimosus
 
Bariosta diaphanus var. lineolata Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 3.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 74.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Bariosta diaphanus Rafinesque, 1831)

 
Bariosta fulvus var. fuscata Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 3.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 74.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Bariosta fulvus Rafinesque, 1831)
= Eurynia dilatata
 
Bariosta fulvus var. rufa Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 3.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 74.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Bariosta fulvus Rafinesque, 1831)
= Eurynia dilatata
 
Decurambis atropurpureum Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 5.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 80.
= Alasmidonta atropurpurea
 
Decurambis literata Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 5 [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 80.
(intro'd as syn of Decurambis scriptum Rafinesque, 1831)
= Alasmidonta marginata
 
Decurambis scriptum Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 5.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 80.
= Alasmidonta marginata
 
Dianisotis chinensis Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 7.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 85.
(new name for Symphynota bialata Lea, 1829)
= Cristaria plicata
 
Diplasma marginata Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 6.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 83.

 
Diplasma similis Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 6.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 83.

 
Diplasma (Hemisolasma?) striata Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 6.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 83.

 
Diplasma (Hemisolasma?) vitrea Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 6.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 83.
= Radiatula olivaria
 
Epioblasma biloba Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 2.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 72.
= Epioblasma rangiana
 
Epioblasma biloba var. pallida Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 2.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 72.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Epioblasma biloba Rafinesque, 1831)
= Epioblasma rangiana
 
Lampsilis argyratus Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 7.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 84.

 
Lampsilis fulgens Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 7.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 84.

 
Lasmigona ponderosa Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 5.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 79.
= Plectomerus dombeyanus
 
Lasmigona rugosa Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 5.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 79.
(reference to Alasmodonta rugosa Barnes, 1823)
= Lasmigona costata
 
Lasmigona sulcata Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 5.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 79.

 
Lasmigona viridis Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 5.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 80.

 
Lasmigona viridis var. chloris Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 5.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 80.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Lasmigona viridis Rafinesque, 1831)

 
Lasmigona viridis var. fuscata Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 5.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 80.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Lasmigona viridis Rafinesque, 1831)

 
Lasmigona viridis var. radiata Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 5.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 80.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Lasmigona viridis Rafinesque, 1831)

 
Lasmonos fragilis Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 5.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 81.
(sec. homonym of Unio fragilis Rafinesque, 1820)
= Leptodea fragilis
 
Loncosilla solenoides Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 7.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 85.

 
Obliquaria bicolor Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 3.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 75.
= Eurynia dilatata
 
Obliquaria pallens Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 3.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 76.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20240, [no locality available - North America].
= Ortmanniana ligamentina
 
Obliquaria plateolus Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 3.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 75.
= Medionidus conradicus
 
Obliquaria rivularis Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 3.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 76.

 
Obliquaria violacea Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 3.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 75.
(new name for Unio dilatata Rafinesque, 1820)
= Eurynia dilatata
 
Obliquaria (Aximedia) castaneus Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 4.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 76.

 
Obliquaria (Aximedia) teneltus Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 3.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 75.
= Cambarunio taeniatus
 
Obliquaria (Aximedia) venus Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 3.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 75.
= Elliptio crassidens
 
Obliquaria (Scalenaria) fontinalis Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 3.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 76.

 
Obliquaria (Sintoxia) calendis Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 3.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 75.
= Ortmanniana ligamentina
 
Obliquaria (Sintoxia) chloris Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 4.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 76.

 
Sulcularia badia Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 5.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 81.
= Lasmigona holstonia
 
Sulcularia papyracea Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 5.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 81.

 
Toxolasma cinerescens Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 2.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 72.

 
Toxolasma cyclips Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 2.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 72.
= Lampsilis abrupta
 
Toxolasma flexus Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 2.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 73.

 
Toxolasma lividus Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 2.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 72.
= Toxolasma lividum
 
Toxolasma cyclips var. fuscata Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 2.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 72.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Toxolasma cyclips Rafinesque, 1831)
= Lampsilis abrupta
 
Toxolasma cyclips var. lutescens Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 2.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 72.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Toxolasma cyclips Rafinesque, 1831)
= Lampsilis abrupta
 
Truncilla granulata Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 4.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 77.

 
Truncilla metaplata Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 4.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 77.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20258, Cumberland River.
= Truncilla truncata
 
Truncilla perplexa Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 4.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 76.

 
Truncilla metaplata var. vittata Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 4.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 77.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Truncilla metaplata Rafinesque, 1831)
= Truncilla truncata
 
Unio badius Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 4 [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 77.

 
Unio compressus Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 4.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 77.
(new name for Obliquaria depressa Rafinesque, 1820; prim. homonym of Unio compressus Sowerby, 1829)
= Ellipsaria lineolata
 
Unio crenulatus Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 4 [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 77.

 
Unio cultratus Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 4.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 77.
(new name for Obliquaria sinuata Rafinesque, 1820)
= Eurynia dilatata
 
Unio elegans Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 4 [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 77.

 
Unio euliratus Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 4.
= Eurynia dilatata
 
Unio premorsus Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 4.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 77.
(new name for Obliquaria retusa Rafinesque, 1820)
= Cyclonaias pustulosa
 
Unio punctatus Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 4 [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 77.

 
Unio pustulatus Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 4 [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 77.

 
Unio scaber Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 4 [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 77.

 
Taxonomic Opinions
Amblasmodon hians Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 5).
Anodonta digonota Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 6).
Anodonta inflata Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 6).
Anodonta inflata var. fuscata Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 6).
Anodonta inflata var. viridis Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 6).
Anodonta inflata var. zonalis Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 6).
Anodonta rufa Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 6).
Bariosta cultratus (Rafinesque, 1831). — Rafinesque (1831: 4).
Bariosta diaphanus Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 3).
Bariosta diaphanus var. lineolata Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 3).
Bariosta diploderma Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 2).
Bariosta fulvus Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 3).
Bariosta fulvus var. fuscata Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 3).
Bariosta fulvus var. rufa Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 3).
Bariosta lasmabrachys Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 3).
Bariosta montanus Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 2).
Bariosta ponderosus Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 2).
Bariosta vittatis Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 2).
Bariosta (Lemiox) rimosus Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 3).
Decurambis atropurpureum Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 5).
Decurambis scriptum Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 5).
Dianisotis chinensis Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 7).
Diplasma marginata Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 6).
Diplasma similis Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 6).
cf. Diplasma (Hemisolasma) striata Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 6).
cf. Diplasma (Hemisolasma) vitrea Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 6).
Epioblasma biloba Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 2).
Epioblasma biloba var. pallida Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 2).
cf. Epioblasma torulosa (Rafinesque, 1820). — Rafinesque (1831: 2).
Lampsilis argyratus Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 7).
Lampsilis fulgens Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 7).
cf. Lasmigona costata (Rafinesque, 1820). — Rafinesque (1831: 5).
cf. Lasmigona marginata (Say, 1819). — Rafinesque (1831: 5).
Lasmigona ponderosa Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 5).
Lasmigona rugosa. — Rafinesque (1831: 5).
Lasmigona sulcata Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 5).
Lasmigona viridis Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 5).
Lasmigona viridis var. chloris Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 5).
Lasmigona viridis var. fuscata Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 5).
Lasmigona viridis var. radiata Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 5).
Lasmonos fragilis Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 5).
Loncosilla solenoides Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 7).
Obliquaria bicolor Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 3).
Obliquaria pallens Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 3).
Obliquaria plateolus Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 3).
Obliquaria rivularis Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 3).
Obliquaria violacea (Rafinesque, 1831). — Rafinesque (1831: 3).
Obliquaria (Aximedia) castaneus Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 4).
cf. Obliquaria (Aximedia) corrugata . — Rafinesque (1831: 7).
Obliquaria (Aximedia) elliptica (Rafinesque, 1820). — Rafinesque (1831: 3).
Obliquaria (Aximedia) levigata (Rafinesque, 1820). — Rafinesque (1831: 4).
Obliquaria (Aximedia) teneltus Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 3).
Obliquaria (Aximedia) venus Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 3).
cf. Obliquaria (Plagiola) compressus (Rafinesque, 1831). — Rafinesque (1831: 4).
cf. Obliquaria (Quadrula) premorsus (Rafinesque, 1831). — Rafinesque (1831: 4).
Obliquaria (Scalenaria) fontinalis Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 3).
Obliquaria (Sintoxia) calendis Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 3).
Obliquaria (Sintoxia) chloris Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 4).
Pterosyna complanata (Say). — Rafinesque (1831: 5).
Sulcularia badia Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 5).
Sulcularia papyracea Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 5).
Toxolasma cinerescens Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 2).
Toxolasma cyclips Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 2).
Toxolasma cyclips var. fuscata Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 2).
Toxolasma cyclips var. lutescens Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 2).
Toxolasma flexus Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 2).
Toxolasma lividus Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 2).
Truncilla granulata Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 4).
Truncilla metaplata Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 4).
Truncilla metaplata var. vittata Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 4).
Truncilla perplexa Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 4).
cf. Unio (Eurynia) recta Lamarck, 1819. — Rafinesque (1831: 4).
 
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