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Page last updated
9 August
2018

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The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World
(and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the search fields. Either way, you win!

Taxa known only as fossils are highlighted in gray. Those without representatives in fresh waters are highlighted in gold.

 

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Bivalvia
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NOTICE! This version of the MUSSELpdb online is no longer supported or up-to-date. It will be removed from this web site in the summer of 2019.

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Publication Information

Rafinesque, C.S. 1819. Prodrome de 70 nouveaux genres d'animaux découverts dans l'intérieur des Etats-Unis d'Amérique, durant l'année 1818. Journal de Physique, de Chimie, d'Histoire Naturelle 88: 417-429.
Availably electronically? yes.

Species Described
Lampsilis pallida Rafinesque, 1820.
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat.: 426 [as ‘U. (Proptera) pallida’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys.: 299, footnote.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 29, 44.
= Lampsilis cariosa
 
Obliquaria (Ellipsaria) fasciolaris Rafinesque, 1820.
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag.: 355 [as ‘Potamilus fasciolaris’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat.: 426 [as ‘U. (Plagiola) fasciolaris’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys.: 303.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 29, 48.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20253, Kentucky River.
= Ptychobranchus fasciolaris
 
Obliquaria (Ellipsaria) verrucosa Rafinesque, 1820.
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag.: 355 [as ‘Potamilus verrucosus’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat.: 426 [as ‘U. (Plagiola) verrucosa’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys.: 304, pl. 81, figs. 10-12.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 23, 29, 48.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20235, Ohio River.
= Tritogonia verrucosa
 
Obliquaria (Plagiola) depressa Rafinesque, 1820.
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat.: 426 [as ‘Unio (Plagiola) depressa’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys.: 302, pl. 81, figs. 5-7.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 29, 47.
(renamed Unio compressus Rafinesque, 1831)
Type(s): NEOTYPE ANSP_20207, Ohio River.
= Ellipsaria lineolata
 
Obliquaria (Quadrula) flava Rafinesque, 1820.
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat.: 426 [as ‘U. (Plagiola) flava’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys.: 305, pl. 81, figs. 13-14.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 29, 49.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20230, small creeks in Kentucky.
= Fusconaia flava
 
Obliquaria (Quadrula) retusa Rafinesque, 1820.
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag.: 355 [as ‘Potamilus retusus’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat.: 427 [as ‘U. (Obovaria) retusa’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys.: 306, pl. 81, figs. 19-20.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 29, 50.
(renamed Unio premorsus Rafinesque, 1831)
Type(s): NEOTYPE ANSP_20220, Green River.
= Cyclonaias pustulosa
 
Obliquaria (Rotundaria) subrotunda Rafinesque, 1820.
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag.: 355 [as ‘Potamilus subrotundus’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat.: 426 [as ‘U. (Obovaria) subrotunda’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys.: 308, pl. 81, figs. 21-23.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 23, 29, 52.
Type(s): NEOTYPE ANSP_20254, Kentucky River.
= Obovaria subrotunda
 
Obliquaria (Scalenaria) obliquata Rafinesque, 1820.
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag.: 355 [as ‘Potamilus obliquatus’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat.: 426 [as ‘U. (Plagiola) obliquatus’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys.: 309.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 29, 53.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20226, Kentucky River.
= Epioblasma obliquata
 
Obliquaria (Sintoxia) sintoxia Rafinesque, 1820.
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat.: 427 [as ‘U. (Obovaria) syntoxis’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys.: 310.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 29, 54.
(correct name for Unio syntoxis Rafinesque, 1819)
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20208, Ohio River.
= Pleurobema sintoxia
 
Obovaria obovalis Rafinesque, 1820.
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag.: 355 [as ‘Potamilus obovalis’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat.: 426 [as ‘U. (Obovaria) obovalis’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys.: 311.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 23, 29, 54.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20244, Ohio River.
= Reginaia ebena
 
Obovaria torsa Rafinesque, 1820.
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat.: 427 [as ‘U. (Obovaria) torsa’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys.: 311, pl. 82, figs. 1-3.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 29, 54.
Type(s): NEOTYPE ANSP_20256, Kentucky River.
= Obovaria retusa
 
Pleurobema mytiloides Rafinesque, 1820.
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat.: 427 [as ‘Unio (Pleurobema) mytiloïdes’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys.: 313, pl. 82, figs. 8-10.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 29, 56.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20223, [no locality available - North America].
= Pleurobema clava
 
Potamilus alatus Rafinesque, 1818.
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag.: 355 [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat.: 426 [as ‘U. (Proptera) alata’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 29.
(reference to Unio alatus Say, 1817)
= Potamilus alatus
 
Potamilus phaiedrus Rafinesque, 1818.
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag.: 355 [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat.: 426 [as ‘U. (Proptera) phaiedra’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 29.

 
Truncilla triqueter Rafinesque, 1820.
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag.: 355 [as ‘Potamilus triqueter’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat.: 427 [as ‘U. (Truncilla) triquetra’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys.: 300, pl. 81, figs. 1-4.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 29, 45.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20231, [no locality available - North America].
= Epioblasma triquetra
 
Truncilla truncata Rafinesque, 1820.
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag.: 355 [as ‘Potamilus truncatus’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat.: 427 [as ‘U. (Truncilla) truncata’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys.: 301.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 29, 46.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20217, Falls of Ohio.
= Truncilla truncata
 
Unio (Amblema) ovalis Rafinesque, 1819.
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat.: 427 [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 29.

 
Unio (Eurynia) dilatata Rafinesque, 1820.
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat.: 426 [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys.: 297.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 29, 42.
(renamed Obliquaria violacea Rafinesque, 1831)
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20248, Kentucky River.
= Eurynia dilatata
 
Unio (Eurynia) latissima Rafinesque, 1820.
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag.: 355 [as ‘Potamilus latissima’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat.: 426 [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys.: 297, pl. 80, figs. 14-15.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 29, 42.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20212, Ohio River.
= Ligumia recta
 
Unio (Eurynia) solenoides Rafinesque, 1820.
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat.: 426 [as ‘solenoïdes’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys.: 298.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 29, 43.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20204, Ohio River.
= Theliderma cylindrica
 
Unio (Leptodea) leptodon Rafinesque, 1820.
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag.: 355 [as ‘Potamilus leptodon’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat.: 426 [as ‘U. (Plagiola) leptodon’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys.: 295, pl. 80, figs. 5-7.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 29, 40.
Type(s): NEOTYPE ANSP_20214, Kentucky River.
= Leptodea leptodon
 
Unio (Obovaria) crassa Rafinesque, 1819.
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat.: 427 [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 29.

 
Unio (Obovaria) syntoxis Rafinesque, 1819.
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat.: 427 [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 29.
(incorrect original spelling of Obliquaria sintoxia Rafinesque, 1820)
= Pleurobema sintoxia
 
Unio (Pleurobema) conica Rafinesque, 1819.
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat.: 427 [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 29.

 
Taxonomic Opinions
Unio (Amblema) ovalis Rafinesque, 1819. — Rafinesque (1819: 427).
Unio (Eurynia) dilatata Rafinesque, 1820. — Rafinesque (1819: 426).
Unio (Eurynia) latissima Rafinesque, 1820. — Rafinesque (1819: 426).
Unio (Eurynia) solenoides Rafinesque, 1820. — Rafinesque (1819: 426).
Unio (Obovaria) crassa Rafinesque, 1819. — Rafinesque (1819: 427).
Unio (Obovaria) obovalis (Rafinesque, 1820). — Rafinesque (1819: 426).
Unio (Obovaria) retusa (Rafinesque, 1820). — Rafinesque (1819: 427).
Unio (Obovaria) subrotunda (Rafinesque, 1820). — Rafinesque (1819: 426).
Unio (Obovaria) syntoxis Rafinesque, 1819. — Rafinesque (1819: 427).
Unio (Obovaria) torsa (Rafinesque, 1820). — Rafinesque (1819: 427).
Unio (Plagiola) depressa (Rafinesque, 1820). — Rafinesque (1819: 426).
Unio (Plagiola) fasciolaris (Rafinesque, 1820). — Rafinesque (1819: 426).
Unio (Plagiola) flava (Rafinesque, 1820). — Rafinesque (1819: 426).
Unio (Plagiola) leptodon Rafinesque, 1820. — Rafinesque (1819: 426).
Unio (Plagiola) obliquatus (Rafinesque, 1820). — Rafinesque (1819: 426).
Unio (Plagiola) verrucosa (Rafinesque, 1820). — Rafinesque (1819: 426).
Unio (Pleurobema) conica Rafinesque, 1819. — Rafinesque (1819: 427).
Unio (Pleurobema) mytiloides (Rafinesque, 1820). — Rafinesque (1819: 427).
Unio (Proptera) alata (Rafinesque, 1818). — Rafinesque (1819: 426).
Unio (Proptera) pallida (Rafinesque, 1820). — Rafinesque (1819: 426).
Unio (Proptera) phaiedra (Rafinesque, 1818). — Rafinesque (1819: 426).
Unio (Truncilla) triquetra (Rafinesque, 1820). — Rafinesque (1819: 427).
Unio (Truncilla) truncata (Rafinesque, 1820). — Rafinesque (1819: 427).
 
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