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9 August
2018

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The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World
(and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the search fields. Either way, you win!

Taxa known only as fossils are highlighted in gray. Those without representatives in fresh waters are highlighted in gold.

 

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Publication Information

Iredale, T. 1934. The fresh-water mussels of Australia. Australian Zoologist 8: 57-78.
Availably electronically? yes.

Species Described
Alathyria jacksoni Iredale, 1934.
Iredale, 1934, Austral. Zool.: 64, pl. 3, fig. 11, pl. 4, fig. 11.
Iredale, 1943, Austral. Zool.: 190.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (ORIG. DESIG.) AMS_33006, Barwon River at Mogil Mogil, New South Wales, Australia [-29.35, 148.683 ± 1 km].
= Alathyria jacksoni
 
Alathyria pertexta Iredale, 1934.
Iredale, 1934, Austral. Zool.: 64, pl. 3, fig. 10; pl. 4, fig. 10.
Iredale, 1943, Austral. Zool.: 190.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (ORIG. DESIG.) AMS_12009, Upper Brisbane River, Queensland, Australia [-27, 152.4 ± 100 km].
= Alathyria pertexta
 
Centralhyria wilsonii Iredale, 1934.
‘Lea’ Iredale, 1934, Austral. Zool.: 66, pl. 3, fig. 13; pl. 4, fig. 13 [in part].
‘Lea’ Iredale, 1943, Austral. Zool.: 190 [in part].
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio wilsonii Lea, 1859)
= Alathyria pertexta
 
Centralhyria angasi subjecta Iredale, 1934.
Iredale, 1934, Austral. Zool.: 67, 76.
Iredale, 1943, Austral. Zool.: 190.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio angasi Sowerby, 1867)
Type(s): LECTOTYPE BMNH_1840-10-21-29 (selected by McMichael & Hiscock, 1958), River Avon, South Australia.
= Westralunio carteri
 
Centralhyria wilsonii caurina Iredale, 1934.
Iredale, 1934, Austral. Zool.: 66, pl. 3, fig. 14; pl. 4, fig. 14.
Iredale, 1943, Austral. Zool.: 190.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio wilsonii Lea, 1859)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (ORIG. DESIG.) AMS_42241, May River at Meda, Western Australia, Australia [-17.367, 124 ± 10 km].
= Velesunio wilsonii
 
Hyridella ambigua Cotton & Gabriel, 1932.
‘Philippi’ Cotton & Gabriel, 1932, Proc. Roy. Soc. Victoria: 157.
Iredale, 1934, Austral. Zool.: 62, pl. 3, fig. 8; pl. 4, fig. 8 [as ‘Westralunio ambiguus’] [in part].
Iredale, 1943, Austral. Zool.: 190 [as ‘Westralunio ambiguus’] [in part].
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio ambiguus Philippi, 1847)
= Westralunio carteri
 
Hyridunio australis Iredale, 1934.
‘Lamarck’ Iredale, 1934, Austral. Zool.: 69, pl. 5, fig. 1; pl. 6, fig. 3.
McMichael, 1952, : 400.
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio australis Lamarck, 1819)
= Hyridella drapeta
 
Hyridunio renutus Iredale, 1934.
Iredale, 1934, Austral. Zool.: 69, pl. 5, fig. 3; pl. 6, fig. 4.
Iredale, 1943, Austral. Zool.: 190.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (MONOTYPY) AMS_61936, Latrobe River, Gippsland, Victoria, Australia [-38.15, 146.783 ± 100 km].
= Hyridella drapeta
 
Hyridunio australis drapeta Iredale, 1934.
Iredale, 1934, Austral. Zool.: 68, pl. 5, fig. 2; pl. 6; fig. 2.
Iredale, 1943, Austral. Zool.: 190.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio australis Lamarck, 1819)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE AMS_61934, Brisbane River, Queensland, Australia [-27.583, 152.917 ± 100 km].
= Hyridella drapeta
 
Hyridunio australis orion Iredale, 1934.
Iredale, 1934, Austral. Zool.: 69.
Iredale, 1943, Austral. Zool.: 190.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio australis Lamarck, 1819)
Type(s): LECTOTYPE AMS_61931 (selected by McMichael & Hiscock, 1958), Tomahawk Creek, Gembrook, Dandenong Ranges, Victoria, Australia [-37.95, 145.55 ± 10 km].
= Hyridella drapeta
 
Lortiella froggatti Iredale, 1934.
Iredale, 1934, Austral. Zool.: 71, pl. 5, fig. 5; pl. 6, fig. 5.
Iredale, 1943, Austral. Zool.: 190.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (ORIG. DESIG.) AMS_61862, Lennard River (In river sands), Western Australia, Australia [-17.4, 124.5 ± 100 km].
= Lortiella froggatti
 
Propehyridella nepeanensis narracanensis Iredale, 1934.
‘Cotton & Gabriel’ Iredale, 1934, Austral. Zool.: 74, pls. 5-6, fig. 13 [in part].
(reference to Propehyridella narracanensis Cotton & Gabriel, 1932)
= Hyridella narracanensis
 
Propehyridella nepeanensis narracanensis Iredale, 1934.
‘Cotton & Gabriel’ Iredale, 1934, Austral. Zool.: 74 [in part].
Iredale, 1943, Austral. Zool.: 190.
(mis-ID'd reference to Propehyridella narracanensis Cotton & Gabriel, 1932)
= Hyridella australis
 
Propehyridella nepeanensis opportuna Iredale, 1934.
Iredale, 1934, Austral. Zool.: 74, pl. 5, fig. 12; pl. 6, fig. 12.
Iredale, 1943, Austral. Zool.: 190.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio napeanensis Conrad, 1850)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (ORIG. DESIG.) AMS_61983, Richmond R trib., Wilsons R, Booyong (Creek), New South Wales, Australia [-28.748, 153.448 ± 1 km].
= Hyridella australis
 
Rugoshyria aquilonalis Iredale, 1934.
Iredale, 1934, Austral. Zool.: 72, pl. 5, fig. 9; pl. 6, fig. 8.
Iredale, 1943, Austral. Zool.: 190.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE AMS_484, Bloomfield River, Queensland, Australia [-15.95, 145.333 ± 10 km].

 
Rugoshyria interserta Iredale, 1934.
Iredale, 1934, Austral. Zool.: 72, pl. 5, fig. 8; pl. 6, fig. 9.
Iredale, 1943, Austral. Zool.: 190.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (ORIG. DESIG.) AMS_61949, Mary River at Kenilworth, N of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia [-26.6, 152.733 ± 10 km].

 
Rugoshyria depressa monticola Iredale, 1934.
Iredale, 1934, Austral. Zool.: 72, pl. 5, fig. 7a-b; pl. 6, fig. 10.
Iredale, 1943, Austral. Zool.: 190.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio depressa Lamarck, 1819)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (ORIG. DESIG.) AMS_61952, Kosciusko, Grosse's Plain Creek, Moonbar Run (Moonbah), New South Wales, Australia [-36.519, 148.513 ± 1 km].
= Hyridella depressa
 
Rugoshyria depressa sodalis Iredale, 1934.
Iredale, 1934, Austral. Zool.: 72.
Iredale, 1943, Austral. Zool.: 190.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio depressa Lamarck, 1819)
= Hyridella narracanensis
 
Rugoshyria depressa vicinalis Iredale, 1934.
Iredale, 1934, Austral. Zool.: 72.
Iredale, 1943, Austral. Zool.: 190.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio depressa Lamarck, 1819)
Type(s): LECTOTYPE AMS_57939 (selected by McMichael & Hiscock, 1958), Mitchell River at Bairnsdale, Gippsland, Victoria, Australia [-37.833, 147.617 ± 10 km].
= Hyridella depressa
 
Velesunio shuttleworthi Iredale, 1934.
‘(Kuster)’ Iredale, 1934, Austral. Zool.: 60, pl. 3, fig. 5; pl. 4, fig. 5.
‘Kuster’ Iredale, 1943, Austral. Zool.: 190.
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio shuttleworthi Küster, 1856)
= Velesunio moretonicus
 
Velesunio balonnensis adjunctus Iredale, 1934.
Iredale, 1934, Austral. Zool.: 59, 76, pl. 3, fig. 3; pl. 4, fig. 3.
Iredale, 1943, Austral. Zool.: 189.
Iredale, 1943, Austral. Natural.: 88.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio balonnensis Conrad, 1850)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (ORIG. DESIG.) AMS_12003, Richmond River, New South Wales, Australia [-28.867, 153.05 ± 100 km].
= Velesunio ambiguus
 
Velesunio balonnensis intricatus Iredale, 1934.
Iredale, 1934, Austral. Zool.: 60, 76, pl. 3, fig. 2; pl. 4, fig. 2.
Iredale, 1943, Austral. Zool.: 189.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio balonnensis Conrad, 1850)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (ORIG. DESIG.) AMS_61725, Rockhampton, Queensland, Australia [-23.367, 150.533 ± 10 km].
= Velesunio ambiguus
 
Westralunio ambiguus carteri Iredale, 1934.
Iredale, 1934, Austral. Zool.: 63, 76.
Iredale, 1943, Austral. Zool.: 190.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio ambiguus Philippi, 1847)
Type(s): LECTOTYPE AMS_61724 (selected by McMichael & Hiscock, 1958), Victoria Reservoir, Darling Range, 12 mls E of Perth, Western Australia, Australia [-32.05, 116.067 ± 10 km].
= Westralunio carteri
 
Taxonomic Opinions
Alathyria jacksoni sp. nov. — Iredale (1934: 64).
Alathyria pertexta sp. nov. — Iredale (1934: 64).
Alathyria profuga (Gould, 1851). — Iredale (1934: 64).
Centralhyria angasi (Sowerby, 1867). — Iredale (1934: 66).
Centralhyria angasi subjecta nov. — Iredale (1934: 67).
Centralhyria bednalli (Tate, 1882). — Iredale (1934: 66).
Centralhyria stuarti (Adams & Angas, 1863). — Iredale (1934: 65).
Centralhyria wilsonii (Lea, 1859). — Iredale (1934: 66).
Centralhyria wilsonii caurina nov. — Iredale (1934: 66).
Cucumerunio novaehollandiae (Gray, 1834). — Iredale (1934: 75).
Hyridunio australis (Lamarck, 1819). — Iredale (1934: 69).
Hyridunio australis drapeta subsp. nov. — Iredale (1934: 68).
Hyridunio australis orion subsp. nov. — Iredale (1934: 69).
Hyridunio renutus Iredale, 1934. — Iredale (1934: 69).
Lortiella froggatti sp. nov. — Iredale (1934: 71).
Lortiella rugatus (Sowerby, 1868). — Iredale (1934: 77).
Propehyridella nepeanensis (Conrad, 1850). — Iredale (1934: 73).
Propehyridella nepeanensis narracanensis Cotton & Gabriel, 1932. — Iredale (1934: 74).
Propehyridella nepeanensis opportuna nov. — Iredale (1934: 74).
Protohyridella glenelgensis (Dennant, 1898). — Iredale (1934: 74).
Rugoshyria aquilonalis sp. nov. — Iredale (1934: 72).
Rugoshyria cultelliformis (Conrad, 1850). — Iredale (1934: 73).
Rugoshyria depressa (Lamarck, 1819). — Iredale (1934: 71).
Rugoshyria depressa monticola subsp. nov. — Iredale (1934: 72).
Rugoshyria depressa sodalis subsp. nov. — Iredale (1934: 72).
Rugoshyria depressa vicinalis subsp. nov. — Iredale (1934: 72).
Rugoshyria interserta sp. nov. — Iredale (1934: 72).
Velesunio balonnensis (Conrad, 1850). — Iredale (1934: 59).
Velesunio balonnensis adjunctus subsp. nov. — Iredale (1934: 59).
Velesunio balonnensis intricatus subsp. nov. — Iredale (1934: 60).
Velesunio daniellii (Villa, 1871). — Iredale (1934: 60).
Velesunio evansi (Adams & Angas, 1864). — Iredale (1934: 62).
Velesunio shuttleworthi (Kuster, 1855). — Iredale (1934: 60).
Westralunio ambiguus (Philippi, 1847). — Iredale (1934: 62).
Westralunio ambiguus carteri subsp. nov. — Iredale (1934: 63).
 
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