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9 August
2018

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The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World
(and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the search fields. Either way, you win!

Taxa known only as fossils are highlighted in gray. Those without representatives in fresh waters are highlighted in gold.

 

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Publication Information

Sowerby, G.B. 1866. Genus Unio. Conchologica Iconica 16: pls. 31-54.
Availably electronically? yes.

Species Described
Margaritana marginata Küster, 1862.
‘Say’ Of Authors.
Küster, 1862, Conchyl. Cab.: 297, pl. 99, fig. 3.
Sowerby, 1866, Conch. Icon.: pl. 51, sp. 267.
(reference to Alasmidonta marginata Say, 1818)
= Alasmidonta marginata
 
Parreysia robsoni Frierson, 1927.
‘Lea’ Sowerby, 1866, Conch. Icon.: pl. 36, sp. 198 [as ‘Unio pumilus’].
Frierson, 1927, Check List N. Amer. Naiades: 45.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE BMNH_1965150, Loc._ ?.
= Parreysia favidens
 
Unio ahaeneus Sowerby, 1866.
Sowerby, 1866, Conch. Icon.: pl. 36, sp. 194 [as ‘ahæneus’].
(error for Unio aheneus Lea, 1843)
= Elliptio ahenea
 
Unio argenteus Sowerby, 1866.
‘Lea’ Sowerby, 1866, Conch. Icon.: pl. 37, sp. 204.
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio argenteus Lea, 1841)
= Fusconaia cuneolus
 
Unio auratus Sowerby, 1866.
‘Swainson’ Sowerby, 1866, Conch. Icon.: pl. 45, sp. 245.
(reference to Unio auratus Philippi, 1847)
Type(s): FIGURED SPECIMEN BMNH_1968864, (South America).
= Diplodon chilensis
 
Unio burroughianus d’Orbigny, 1835.
‘Lea’ Of Authors.
d’Orbigny, 1835, Mag. Zool.: 34.
Sowerby, 1866, Conch. Icon.: pl. 32, sp. 169.
Bertoni, 1925, Rev. Soc. Cient. del Paraguay: 73.
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio burroughianus Lea, 1834)
= Diplodon parodizi
 
Unio cambojensis Sowerby, 1866.
Sowerby, 1866, Conch. Icon.: pl. 42, sp. 231.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE BMNH_1965148, Camboja.
= Contradens contradens
 
Unio camelopardalis Sowerby, 1866.
‘Lea’ Of Authors.
Sowerby, 1866, Conch. Icon.: pl. 42, sp. 233, fig. 233a.
Haas, 1969, Das Tierreich: 450.
Watters, 2018, Visaya, Suppl.: 29.
(error for Unio camelopardilis Lea, 1860)
= Cambarunio taeniatus
 
Unio discoideus Sowerby, 1866.
‘Lea’ Sowerby, 1866, Conch. Icon.: pl. 53, sp. 275; errata [changed to ‘U. laevissimus Lea’].
(mis-ID'd reference to Symphynota discoidea Lea, 1834)
= Potamilus ohiensis
 
Unio dolosus Sowerby, 1866.
‘Lea’ Sowerby, 1866, Conch. Icon.: pl. 41, sp. 228.
(reference to Unio dolosus Lea, 1860)
= Potamilus purpuratus
 
Unio donaciformis Sowerby, 1866.
‘Lea’ Sowerby, 1866, Conch. Icon.: pl. 39, sp. 214.
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio donaciformis Lea, 1828)
= Truncilla cognata
 
Unio gundlachi Sowerby, 1866.
‘Dunker’ Sowerby, 1866, Conch. Icon.: pl. 46, sp. 248.
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio gundlachi Dunker, 1858)
= Nephronaias scamnata
 
Unio hanleyanus Conrad, 1853.
‘Lea’ Of Authors.
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 250.
Sowerby, 1866, Conch. Icon.: pl. 46, sp. 249.
Simpson, 1900, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus.: 759.
Simpson, 1914, Descr. Cat. Naiades: 780.
Frierson, 1927, Check List N. Amer. Naiades: 42, sp. 175.
Haas, 1969, Das Tierreich: 256.
Burch, 1975, Freshw. Unio. North Amer.: 13.
Turgeon et al., 1988, Am. Fisher. Soc. Spec. Publ.: 32.
Williams et al., 1993, Fisheries: 13.
Parmalee & Bogan, 1998, The Freshwater Mussels of Tennessee: 184.
Lydeard et al., 1999, Gulf Mex. Sci.: 129.
(error for Unio hanleyianus Lea, 1852)
= Pleurobema hanleyianum
 
Unio haslehurstianus Sowerby, 1866.
Sowerby, 1866, Conch. Icon.: pl. 35, sp. 188.
(error for Unio hazelhurstianus Lea, 1858)
= Elliptio lanceolata
 
Unio hydeanus Sowerby, 1866.
‘Lea’ Sowerby, 1866, Conch. Icon.: pl. 37, sp. 203.
(error for Unio hydianus Lea, 1838)
= Lampsilis hydiana
 
Unio indicus Sowerby, 1866.
Sowerby, 1866, Conch. Icon.: pl. 40, sp. 222.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE BMNH_1965195, India.
= Parreysia rajahensis
 
Unio laoensis Sowerby, 1866.
‘Lea’ Of Authors.
Sowerby, 1866, Conch. Icon.: pl. 47, sp. 256.
Haas, 1910, Conch. Cab.: pl. 12, caption.
(error for Unio laosensis Lea, 1863)
= Gibbosula laosensis
 
Unio nyassae Sowerby, 1866.
Sowerby, 1866, Conch. Icon.: pl. 41, sp. 224, figs. 224a-b [changed in errata to ‘nyssensis’].
= Nyassunio nyassaensis
 
Unio ornatus Sowerby, 1866.
‘Conrad’ Sowerby, 1866, Conch. Icon.: pl. 31, sp. 162.
(reference to Unio ornatus Conrad, 1835)
= Lampsilis ornata
 
Unio parvus Conrad, 1836.
‘Barnes’ Of Authors.
Conrad, 1836, Monogr. Fam. Unionidae: 20, pl. 9, fig. 1.
Sowerby, 1866, Conch. Icon.: pl. 35, sp. 186.
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio parvus Barnes, 1823)
= Toxolasma texasiense
 
Unio perovalis Sowerby, 1866.
‘Conrad’ Sowerby, 1866, Conch. Icon.: pl. 38, sp. 209.
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio perovalis Conrad, 1834)
= Lampsilis fasciola
 
Unio plicatus Sowerby, 1866.
“Say” Sowerby, 1866, Conch. Icon.: pl. 54, sp. 280.
(reference to Dipsas plicatus Leach, 1814)
= Cristaria plicata
 
Unio poulsoni Sowerby, 1866.
‘Conrad’ Sowerby, 1866, Conch. Icon.: pl. 51, sp. 270.
(reference to Unio poulsoni Conrad, 1834)
= Potamilus purpuratus
 
Unio pumilus Sowerby, 1866.
‘Lea’ Sowerby, 1866, Conch. Icon.: pl. 36, sp. 198.
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio pumilus Lea, 1838)
= Parreysia favidens
 
Unio regularis Sowerby, 1866.
‘Lea’ Sowerby, 1866, Conch. Icon.: pl. 34, sp. 181.
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio regularis Lea, 1841)
= Lampsilis splendida
 
Unio semiquadrata Sowerby, 1866.
Sowerby, 1866, Conch. Icon.: pl. 48, sp. 258.
Type(s): SYNTYPES BMNH_1968658, Lao Mountains, Camboja.
= Contradens eximius
 
Unio solsiana Sowerby, 1866.
‘d’Orbigny’ Sowerby, 1866, Conch. Icon.: pl. 51, sp. 268.
(error for Unio solisiana d’Orbigny, 1835)
= Diplodon solisianus
 
Unio subrotundus Sowerby, 1866.
‘Lea’ Sowerby, 1866, Conch. Icon.: pl. 37, sp. 201.
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio subrotundus Lea, 1831)
= Pleuronaia barnesiana
 
Unio succisus Sowerby, 1866.
‘Lea’ Sowerby, 1866, Conch. Icon.: pl. 33, sp. 174.
(reference to Unio succissus Lea, 1852; error for Unio succissus Lea, 1852)
= Cyclonaias succissa
 
Unio swinhoei Sowerby, 1866.
‘Reeve’ Sowerby, 1866, Conch. Icon.: pl. 42, sp. 232.
‘H. Adams’ Sowerby, 1870, Conch. Icon.: pl. 27, sp. 108.
(reference to Unio swinhoei H. Adams, 1866)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE BMNH_1968653, Formosa.
= Pletholophus tenuis
 
Unio texasianus Sowerby, 1866.
‘Lea’ Sowerby, 1866, Conch. Icon.: pl. 40, sp. 218.
(error for Unio texasiensis Lea, 1857)
= Toxolasma texasiense
 
Unio troostensis Sowerby, 1866.
‘Lea’ Sowerby, 1866, Conch. Icon.: pl. 38, sp. 210.
(prim. homonym of Unio troostensis Lea, 1834)
= Leptodea ochracea
 
Unio valentianus Sowerby, 1866.
Sowerby, 1866, Conch. Icon.: pl. 41, sp. 225.
= Potomida littoralis
 
Unio vanuxemensis Sowerby, 1866.
‘Lea’ Sowerby, 1866, Conch. Icon.: pl. 39, sp. 216.
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio vanuxemensis Lea, 1838)
= Venustaconcha trabalis
 
Unio ventricosus Sowerby, 1866.
‘Barnes’ Sowerby, 1866, Conch. Icon.: pl. 43, sp. 235.
(reference to Unio ventricosus Barnes, 1823)
= Lampsilis cardium
 
Unio vonbuschea Sowerby, 1866.
‘Lea MS’ Sowerby, 1866, Conch. Icon.: pl. 51, sp. 269 [as ‘Unio Von Buschea’].
= Monodontina vondembuschiana
 
Unio ziczac Hanley, 1843.
‘Lea’ Of Authors.
Hanley, 1843, Illustr. Descr. Cat. Rec. Bivalve Shells: 183.
Sowerby, 1866, Conch. Icon.: pl. 34, sp. 213.
(error for Unio zigzag Lea, 1829)
= Truncilla donaciformis
 
Taxonomic Opinions
Unio acutissimus Lea, 1831. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio ahæneus [sic] Lea, 1841. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio alatus Say, 1817. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio anaticulus Lea, 1861. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio arcula (Lea, 1838). — Sowerby (1866).
Unio argenteus Lea, 1841. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio auratus ‘Swainson’ Sowerby, 1866. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio barnesianus Lea, 1838. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio batava Lamarck. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio bialatus (Lea, 1829). — Sowerby (1866).
Unio bigbyensis Lea, 1841. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio blandingianus Lea, 1834. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio buckleyi Lea, 1841. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio burroughianus Lea, 1834. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio burtoni Woodward, 1859. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio caeruleus Lea, 1831. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio caffer Krauss, 1848. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio cambojensis Sowerby, 1866. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio camelopardalis [sic] Lea, 1860. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio capax Green, 1832. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio coarctatus Lamarck, 1819. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio collinus Conrad, 1837. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio complanatus (Barnes, 1823). — Sowerby (1866).
Unio confertus Lea, 1834. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio conradicus Lea, 1834. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio crassus Say. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio crispisulcatus Benson, 1862. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio cumberlandicus Lea, 1838. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio cumingii Lea, 1852. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio delphinulus Morelet, 1849. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio delphinus Gruner, 1841. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio discoidea (Lea, 1834). — Sowerby (1866).
Unio discrepans Lea, 1860. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio dolabelloides Lea, 1840. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio dolosus Lea, 1860. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio donaciformis Lea, 1828. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio douglasiae Gray in Griffith & Pidgeon, 1834. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio exiguus Lea, 1840. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio fabalis Lea, 1831. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio fibuloides Lea, 1859. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio foremanianus Lea, 1842. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio gibber Lea, 1838. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio glans Lea, 1831. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio gracilis (Barnes, 1823). — Sowerby (1866).
Unio gravidus Lea, 1856. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio greenii Conrad, 1834. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio gundlachi Dunker, 1858. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio hainesianus Lea, 1856. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio hanleyanus [sic] Lea, 1852. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio haslehurstianus [sic] Lea, 1858. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio hembeli Conrad, 1838. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio heterodon Lea, 1829. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio hildrethianus Lea, 1834. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio housei Lea, 1856. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio hydeanus [sic] Lea, 1838. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio indicus Sowerby, 1866. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio inflatus (Lea, 1831). — Sowerby (1866).
Unio infucatus Conrad, 1834. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio involuta Benson in Hanley, 1856. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio laevissimus (Lea, 1829). — Sowerby (1866).
Unio laevissimus (Lea, 1829). — Sowerby (1866).
Unio lamellatus Lea, 1838. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio lanceolatus Lea, 1828. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio laoensis ‘Lea MS’. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio lecontianus Lea, 1838. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio lens Lea, 1831. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio leptodon Rafinesque, 1820. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio lienosus Conrad, 1834. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio lindsleyi Lea, 1860. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio marginatus Lea. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio medellinus Lea, 1838. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio micans Lea, 1857. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio muhlfeldianus Lea, 1838. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio myersianus Lea, 1856. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio negatus Lea, 1861. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio nicklinianus Lea, 1834. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio novi-eboraci Lea, 1838. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio nyassae Sowerby, 1866. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio obesus Lea, 1831. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio olivarius Lea, 1831. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio orbiculatus Hildreth, 1828. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio ornatus Conrad, 1835. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio ovatus Say, 1817. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio paraguayana (d’Orbigny, 1835). — Sowerby (1866).
Unio paranensis Lea, 1834. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio parvus Barnes, 1823. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio pellucidus Lea, 1845. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio percoarctatus Lea, MS. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio perovalis Conrad, 1834. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio plicatus Say. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio plicatus Say [sic]. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio politus Say, 1834. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio postellii Lea, 1858. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio poulsoni Conrad, 1834. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio pumilus Lea, 1838. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio regularis Lea, 1841. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio schwerzenbachi Rossmassler. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio scobina ‘Benson’ Hanley, 1856. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio semiquadrata Sowerby, 1866. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio shuttleworthi Lea, 1856. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio soleniformis Lea, 1831. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio spinosus Lea, 1836. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio splendidus Lea, 1838. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio stramineus Conrad, 1834. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio stuarti Adams & Angas, 1863. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio subovatus Lea, 1831. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio subplanum Conrad, 1837. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio subrotundus Lea, 1831. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio succisus [sic] Lea, 1852. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio swinhoei ‘Reeve’ Sowerby, 1866. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio tenuissimus (Lea, 1829). — Sowerby (1866).
Unio texasianus [sic] Lea, 1857. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio tortivus Lea, 1840. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio troostensis Lea, 1834. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio umbrans Lea, 1857. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio umbrosus Lea, 1856. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio valentinus Sowerby, 1866. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio vanuxemensis Lea, 1838. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio ventricosus Barnes, 1823. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio viridis Conrad, 1835. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio vonbuschea ‘Lea MS’. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio zeiglerianus Lea, 1838. — Sowerby (1866).
Unio zic-zac [sic] Lea, 1829. — Sowerby (1866).
 
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