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Page last updated
9 August
2018

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The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World
(and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the search fields. Either way, you win!

Taxa known only as fossils are highlighted in gray. Those without representatives in fresh waters are highlighted in gold.

 

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Bivalvia
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NOTICE! This version of the MUSSELpdb online is no longer supported or up-to-date. It will be removed from this web site in the summer of 2019.

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Publication Information

Parmalee, P.W. & A.E. Bogan. 1998. The Freshwater Mussels of Tennessee: 328 pp.

Species Described
Anodonta linneana Conrad, 1853.
‘Lea’ Of Authors.
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 264.
Hanley, 1856, Cat. Rec. Bivalve Shells, Suppl.: 387.
Sowerby, 1870, Conch. Icon.: pl. 35, sp. 144.
Simpson, 1900, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus.: 646.
Simpson, 1914, Descr. Cat. Naiades: 431.
Frierson, 1927, Check List N. Amer. Naiades: 14.
Haas, 1969, Das Tierreich: 364.
Parmalee & Bogan, 1998, The Freshwater Mussels of Tennessee: 206.
Watters et al., 2009, Freshw. Mussels OH: 260.
(error for Anodonta linnaeana Lea, 1852)
= Pyganodon grandis
 
Unio abnormis Parmalee & Bogan, 1998.
‘Haas’ Parmalee & Bogan, 1998, The Freshwater Mussels of Tennessee: 104.
(intro'd as syn of Amblema torulosa Rafinesque, 1820)
= Epioblasma torulosa
 
Unio hanleyanus Conrad, 1853.
‘Lea’ Of Authors.
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 250.
Sowerby, 1866, Conch. Icon.: pl. 46, sp. 249.
Simpson, 1900, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus.: 759.
Simpson, 1914, Descr. Cat. Naiades: 780.
Frierson, 1927, Check List N. Amer. Naiades: 42, sp. 175.
Haas, 1969, Das Tierreich: 256.
Burch, 1975, Freshw. Unio. North Amer.: 13.
Turgeon et al., 1988, Am. Fisher. Soc. Spec. Publ.: 32.
Williams et al., 1993, Fisheries: 13.
Parmalee & Bogan, 1998, The Freshwater Mussels of Tennessee: 184.
Lydeard et al., 1999, Gulf Mex. Sci.: 129.
(error for Unio hanleyianus Lea, 1852)
= Pleurobema hanleyianum
 
Unio propecaelatus Parmalee & Bogan, 1998.
‘de Gregorio’ Parmalee & Bogan, 1998, The Freshwater Mussels of Tennessee: 169.
‘de Gregorio’ Williams et al., 2008, Freshw. Mussels AL and Mobile Basin: 483.
(error for Unio propecoelatus de Gregorio, 1914)
= Pegias fabula
 
Unio propeculcatus Parmalee & Bogan, 1998.
‘de Gregorio’ Parmalee & Bogan, 1998, The Freshwater Mussels of Tennessee: 97.
(error for Unio propesulcatus de Gregorio, 1914)
= Epioblasma obliquata
 
Unio sowerbyanus Küster, 1852.
‘Lea’ Of Authors.
Küster, 1852, Conchyl. Cab.: 62.
Agassiz, 1852, Arch. Naturg.: 43.
Reeve, 1864, Conch. Icon.: pl. 14, sp. 58.
Simpson, 1900, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus.: 520.
Simpson, 1914, Descr. Cat. Naiades: 17.
Frierson, 1927, Check List N. Amer. Naiades: 94.
Haas, 1969, Das Tierreich: 483.
Burch, 1975, Freshw. Unio. North Amer.: 173.
R.I. Johnson, 1978, Bull. MCZ: 280.
Parmalee & Bogan, 1998, The Freshwater Mussels of Tennessee: 91.
(error for Unio sowerbianus Lea, 1834)
= Epioblasma haysiana
 
Unio stewardsonii var. stewardsonii Parmalee & Bogan, 1998.
‘De Gregorio’ Of Authors.
Parmalee & Bogan, 1998, The Freshwater Mussels of Tennessee: 97.
Watters et al., 2009, Freshw. Mussels OH: 95.
(error for Unio stewensoni de Gregorio, 1914)
= Epioblasma obliquata
 
Unio subteritus [sic] var. purcheornatus Parmalee & Bogan, 1998.
‘de Gregorio’ Parmalee & Bogan, 1998, The Freshwater Mussels of Tennessee: 204.
‘de Gregorio’ Williams et al., 2008, Freshw. Mussels AL and Mobile Basin: 629.
(error for Unio purchreornatus de Gregorio, 1914)
= Ptychobranchus subtentus
 
Unio triangularis var. longisculus Parmalee & Bogan, 1998.
‘de Gregorio’ Parmalee & Bogan, 1998, The Freshwater Mussels of Tennessee: 108.
‘de Gregorio’ Williams et al., 2008, Freshw. Mussels AL and Mobile Basin: 283.
(error for Unio longiusculus de Gregorio, 1914)
= Epioblasma triquetra
 
Taxonomic Opinions
Actinonaias ligamentina (Lamarck, 1819). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 51).
Actinonaias pectorosa (Conrad, 1834). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 53).
Alasmidonta atropurpurea (Rafinesque, 1831). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 55).
Alasmidonta marginata Say, 1819. — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 56).
Alasmidonta raveneliana (Lea, 1834). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 57).
Alasmidonta viridis (Rafinesque, 1820). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 59).
Amblema plicata (Say, 1817). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 61).
Anodonta suborbiculata Say, 1831. — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 63).
Anodontoides ferussacianus (Lea, 1834). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 64).
Arcidens confragosa (Say, 1829). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 66).
Cumberlandia monodonta (Say, 1829). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 49).
Cyclonaias tuberculata (Rafinesque, 1820). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 67).
Cyprogenia stegaria (Rafinesque, 1820). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 70).
Dromus dromas (Lea, 1834). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 71).
Ellipsaria lineolata (Rafinesque, 1820). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 73).
Elliptio arca (Conrad, 1834). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 74).
Elliptio arctata (Conrad, 1834). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 76).
Elliptio crassidens Lamarck, 1819. — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 77).
Elliptio dilatata (Rafinesque, 1820). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 79).
Epioblasma arcaeformis (Lea, 1831). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 81).
Epioblasma biemarginata (Lea, 1857). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 82).
Epioblasma brevidens (Lea, 1831). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 84).
Epioblasma capsaeformis (Lea, 1834). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 85).
Epioblasma flexuosa (Rafinesque, 1820). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 87).
Epioblasma florentina (Lea, 1857). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 89).
Epioblasma haysianus (Lea, 1834). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 91).
Epioblasma lenior (Lea, 1840). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 93).
Epioblasma lewisi (Walker, 1910). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 94).
Epioblasma metastriatus (Conrad, 1840). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 96).
Epioblasma obliquata Rafinesque, 1820. — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 97).
Epioblasma othcaloogensis (Lea, 1857). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 99).
Epioblasma personata (Say, 1829). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 100).
Epioblasma propinqua (Lea, 1857). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 101).
Epioblasma stewardsoni (Lea, 1852). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 103).
Epioblasma torulosa (Rafinesque, 1820). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 103).
Epioblasma triquetra (Rafinesque, 1820). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 108).
Epioblasma turgidula (Lea, 1858). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 109).
Fusconaia barnesiana (Lea, 1838). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 111).
Fusconaia cor (Conrad, 1834). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 113).
Fusconaia cuneolus (Lea, 1840). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 115).
Fusconaia ebena (Lea, 1831). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 116).
Fusconaia flava (Rafinesque, 1820). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 118).
Fusconaia subrotunda (Lea, 1831). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 119).
Hemistena lata (Rafinesque, 1820). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 122).
Lampsilis abrupta (Say, 1831). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 123).
Lampsilis altilis (Conrad, 1834). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 125).
Lampsilis cardium Rafinesque, 1820. — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 126).
Lampsilis fasciola Rafinesque, 1820. — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 128).
Lampsilis ornata (Conrad, 1835). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 130).
Lampsilis ovata (Say, 1817). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 131).
Lampsilis siliquoidea (Barnes, 1823). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 133).
Lampsilis straminea claibornensis (Lea, 1838). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 135).
Lampsilis teres (Rafinesque, 1820). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 139).
Lampsilis virescens (Lea, 1858). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 138).
Lasmigona complanata (Barnes, 1823). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 139).
Lasmigona costata (Rafinesque, 1820). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 141).
Lasmigona holstonia (Lea, 1838). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 143).
Lasmigona subviridis (Conrad, 1835). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 144).
Lemiox rimosus (Rafinesque, 1831). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 146).
Leptodea fragilis (Rafinesque, 1820). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 147).
Leptodea leptodon (Rafinesque, 1820). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 149).
Lexingtonia dolabelloides (Lea, 1840). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 150).
Ligumia recta (Lamarck, 1819). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 152).
Ligumia subrostrata (Say, 1831). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 154).
Medionidus acutissimus (Lea, 1831). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 155).
Medionidus conradicus (Lea, 1834). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 156).
Medionidus parvulus (Lea, 1860). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 158).
Megalonaias nervosa (Rafinesque, 1820). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 159).
Obliquaria reflexa Rafinesque, 1820. — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 161).
Obovaria jacksoniana (Frierson, 1912). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 163).
Obovaria olivaria (Rafinesque, 1820). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 164).
Obovaria retusa (Lamarck, 1819). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 166).
Obovaria subrotunda (Rafinesque, 1820). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 167).
Pegias fabula (Lea, 1838). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 169).
Plectomerus dombeyanus (Valenciennes, 1827). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 171).
Plethobasus cicatricosus (Say, 1829). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 172).
Plethobasus cooperianus (Lea, 1834). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 174).
Plethobasus cyphyus (Rafinesque, 1820). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 175).
Pleurobema chattanoogaense (Lea, 1858). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 177).
Pleurobema clava (Lamarck, 1819). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 178).
Pleurobema cordatum (Rafinesque, 1820). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 180).
Pleurobema georgianum (Lea, 1841). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 181).
Pleurobema gibberum (Lea, 1838). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 182).
Pleurobema hanleyianum (Lea, 1852). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 184).
Pleurobema johannis (Lea, 1859). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 185).
Pleurobema oviforme (Conrad, 1834). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 186).
Pleurobema perovatum (Conrad, 1834). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 188).
Pleurobema plenum (Lea, 1840). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 189).
Pleurobema rubellum (Conrad, 1834). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 191).
Pleurobema rubrum (Rafinesque, 1820). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 192).
Pleurobema sintoxia (Rafinesque, 1820). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 193).
Pleurobema troschelianum (Lea, 1852). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 195).
Potamilus alatus (Say, 1817). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 196).
Potamilus ohiensis (Rafinesque, 1820). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 198).
Potamilus purpuratus (Lamarck, 1819). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 199).
Ptychobranchus fasciolaris (Rafinesque, 1820). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 201).
Ptychobranchus greeni (Conrad, 1834). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 203).
Ptychobranchus subtentum (Say, 1825). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 204).
Pyganodon grandis (Say, 1829). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 206).
Quadrula apiculata (Say, 1829). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 209).
Quadrula cylindrica (Say, 1817). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 210).
Quadrula fragosa (Conrad, 1836). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 212).
Quadrula intermedia (Conrad, 1836). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 213).
Quadrula metanevra (Rafinesque, 1820). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 215).
Quadrula nodulata (Rafinesque, 1820). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 217).
Quadrula pustulosa (Lea, 1831). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 219).
Quadrula quadrula (Rafinesque, 1820). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 220).
Quadrula sparsa (Lea, 1841). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 222).
Simpsonaias ambigua (Say, 1825). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 224).
Strophitus connasaugaensis (Lea, 1858). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 225).
Strophitus undulatus (Say, 1817). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 226).
Toxolasma cylindrellus (Lea, 1868). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 229).
Toxolasma lividus Rafinesque, 1831. — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 230).
Toxolasma parvus (Barnes, 1823). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 232).
Toxolasma texasensis (Lea, 1857). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 233).
Tritogonia verrucosa (Rafinesque, 1820). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 234).
Truncilla donaciformis (Lea, 1828). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 236).
Truncilla truncata Rafinesque, 1820. — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 237).
Uniomerus declivis (Say, 1832). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 239).
Uniomerus tetralasmus (Say, 1830). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 240).
Utterbackia imbecillis (Say, 1829). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 242).
Villosa fabalis (Lea, 1831). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 244).
Villosa iris (Lea, 1829). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 245).
Villosa lienosa (Conrad, 1834). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 248).
Villosa perpurpurea (Lea, 1861). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 249).
Villosa taeniata (Conrad, 1834). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 251).
Villosa trabalis (Conrad, 1834). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 252).
Villosa vanuxemensis (Lea, 1836). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 254).
Villosa vibex (Conrad, 1834). — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 256).
 
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