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9 August
2018

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The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World
(and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the search fields. Either way, you win!

Taxa known only as fossils are highlighted in gray. Those without representatives in fresh waters are highlighted in gold.

 

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Publication Information

Reeve, L. 1865. Genus Unio. Conchologica Iconica 16: pls. 19-30.
Availably electronically? yes.

Species Described
Anodonta vignonana Musgrave, 1863.
‘Bernardi’ Of Authors.
Musgrave, 1863, Phot. Conch. of Conch. Misc. Hanley: pl. 1, fig. 1.
Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon.: pl. 25, sp. 120; errata [changed to ‘vignouanus’].
Sowerby, 1870, Conch. Icon.: pl. 29, sp. 116.
Ancey, 1888, Bull. Soc. Malac. France: 74, footnote.
(error for Margaritana vignouana Bernardi, 1859)
= Aspatharia rugifera
 
Lampsilis (Proptera) lividus Simpson, 1900.
‘Morelet’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon.: pl. 22, sp. 101 [as ‘Unio testudineus’].
Simpson, 1900, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus.: 571.
Simpson, 1914, Descr. Cat. Naiades: 174.
= Cyrtonaias livida
 
Margaron (Unio) versus Lea, 1870.
‘Lea’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon.: pl. 29, sp. 147 [as ‘Unio inornatus’].
Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 46.
= Contradens contradens
 
Mya elongata Reeve, 1865.
‘Wood’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon.: pl. 137, sp. 139.
(error for Unio oblongatus Wood, 1828)
= Lampsilis radiata
 
Quadrula (Quincuncina) vittata Frierson, 1927.
‘Lamarck’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon.: pl. 23, sp. 106 [as ‘Unio rotundatus’].
Frierson, 1927, Check List N. Amer. Naiades: 50, sp. 218.
= Glebula rotundata
 
Trapezoideus peninsularis Simpson, 1900.
‘Lea’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon.: pl. 28, sp. 142 [as ‘Unio sumatrensis’].
Simpson, 1900, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus.: 859, footnote.
Simpson, 1914, Descr. Cat. Naiades: 1186.
= Trapezoideus peninsularis
 
Unio aereus Reeve, 1865.
Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon.: pl. 30, sp. 160.
= Popenaias metallica
 
Unio altilis Reeve, 1865.
‘Conrad’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon.: pl. 23, sp. 109.
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio altilis Conrad, 1834)
= Lampsilis fasciola
 
Unio anodontoides Reeve, 1865.
‘Lea’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon.: pl. 21, fig. 97.
(reference to Unio anodontoides Lea, 1831)
= Lampsilis teres
 
Unio aplatus Reeve, 1865.
‘Swainson ms’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon.: pl. 28, sp. 143.
= Diplodon chilensis
 
Unio ater Reeve, 1865.
‘Nilsson’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon.: pl. 21, fig. 91.
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio ater Nilsson, 1822)
= Potomida littoralis
 
Unio aucklandicus Reeve, 1865.
‘Gray’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon.: pl. 30, sp. 156.
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio aucklandicus Dieffenbach, 1843)
= Echyridella menziesii
 
Unio auratus Hanley, 1843.
‘Swainson’ Of Authors.
Hanley, 1843, Illustr. Descr. Cat. Rec. Bivalve Shells: 199 [as ‘Naia aurata’].
‘Swain.’ Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 33 [as ‘Niäa aurata’].
‘Swainson MS’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon.: pl. 29, sp. 150.
(reference to Unio auratus Philippi, 1847)
Type(s): FIGURED SPECIMEN BMNH_1965144, I. of Chiloe.
= Diplodon chilensis
 
Unio bicaelatus Reeve, 1865.
Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon.: pl. 26, sp. 130 [as ‘bi-cælatus’].
= Leaunio lienosus
 
Unio coccineus Reeve, 1865.
‘Lea’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon.: pl. 22, sp. 104.
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio coccineus Lea, 1838)
= Fusconaia flava
 
Unio cocoduensis Reeve, 1865.
‘White MS’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon.: pl. 24, sp. 117.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE BMNH_1965187, Hab._?.
= Sagittunio subrostrata
 
Unio crassus Vallot 1801 .
Vallot 1801 Of Authors.
‘Retz.’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon.: pl. 22, sp. 98 [as syn. under U. littoralis].
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio crassus Retzius, 1788)
= Potomida littoralis
 
Unio cuneolus Küster, 1861.
‘Lea’ Of Authors.
Küster, 1861, Conchyl. Cab.: 182, pl. 57, fig. 4.
Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon.: pl. 23, sp. 107.
(reference to Unio cuneolus Lea, 1840)
= Fusconaia cuneolus
 
Unio dembeae Reeve, 1865.
‘Rossmässler MS’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon.: pl. 29, sp. 153 [as ‘dembeæ’].
= Unio mancus
 
Unio electrinus Reeve, 1865.
Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon.: pl. 25, sp. 121.
= Uniomerus tetralasmus
 
Unio flavidens Reeve, 1865.
‘Benson’ Of Authors.
Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon.: pl. 26, sp. 131; errata [changed to ‘favidens’].
Paetel, 1890, Cat. Conch.-Samml.: 38.
(error for Unio favidens Benson, 1862)
= Parreysia favidens
 
Unio fragilis Reeve, 1865.
‘Swainson MS’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon.: pl. 30, sp. 155.
(prim. homonym of Unio fragilis Rafinesque, 1820; renamed Diplodon cuprinus Simpson, 1900)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE BMNH_MP_365, Id. of Chiloe, Chile.
= Diplodon chilensis
 
Unio fuligo Reeve, 1865.
Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon.: pl. 30, sp. 159.
= Leaunio lienosus
 
Unio fuscatus Reeve, 1865.
‘Lea’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon.: pl. 21, sp. 95.
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio fuscatus Lea, 1843)
= Elliptio icterina
 
Unio globulus Ferussac, 1835.
‘Say’ Of Authors.
Ferussac, 1835, Mag. Zool.: 26.
Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon.: pl. 23, sp. 106.
(error for Unio glebulus Say, 1831)
= Glebula rotundata
 
Unio gubernaculum Reeve, 1865.
Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon.: pl. 28, sp. 146.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE BMNH_1965203, Hab._?.
= Epioblasma gubernaculum
 
Unio inornatus Reeve, 1865.
‘Lea’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon.: pl. 29, sp. 147; errata.
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio inornatus Lea, 1856)
= Contradens contradens
 
Unio litoralis Menke, 1828.
‘Lamarck’ Of Authors.
Menke, 1828, Syn. Method. Moll.: 64.
Menke, 1830, Syn. Method. Moll.: 107.
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 32.
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 282.
Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 34.
Rossmässler, 1854, Icon. Land- und Süssw.-Moll.: 37.
Küster, 1855, Conchyl. Cab.: 128.
Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon.: pl. 22, sp. 98.
Sowerby, 1868, Conch. Icon.: pl. 86, sp. 461.
Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 54.
Westerlund, 1890, Fauna Paläarct. Binnenconch.: 52.
(error for Unio littoralis Cuvier, 1798)
= Potomida littoralis
 
Unio lutulentus Reeve, 1865.
‘Gould’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon.: pl. 25, sp. 122.
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio lutulentus Gould, 1850)
= Echyridella aucklandica
 
Unio menziesianus Reeve, 1865.
‘Gray’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon.: pl. 29, sp. 152.
(error for Unio menziesii Dieffenbach, 1843)
= Echyridella menziesii
 
Unio merdiger Reeve, 1865.
Jay, 1839, Cat. Rec. Shells: 25, sp. 1065.
‘Walsh.’ Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: [nomen nudum].
‘Watts’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon.: pl. 28, sp. 145.
= Unio crassus
 
Unio moretonicus Reeve, 1865.
Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon.: pl. 24, sp. 118.
Type(s): FIGURED SYNTYPE BMNH_1958-5-16-1, Moreton Bay, Australia.
= Velesunio moretonicus
 
Unio mutabilis Reeve, 1865.
‘Lea’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon.: pl. 24, sp. 112.
(reference to Unio mutabilis Lea, 1859)
= Hyridella depressa
 
Unio obliquiradiatus Reeve, 1865.
Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon.: pl. 29, sp. 151.
= Lampsilis radiata
 
Unio patagonicus Reeve, 1865.
‘d’Orbigny’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon.: pl. 21, sp. 93.
(reference to Unio patagonica d’Orbigny, 1835)
= Diplodon chilensis
 
Unio pictorum Guérin, 1823.
‘Linnaeus’ Of Authors.
Guérin, 1823, Icon. Règne Animal Cuvier: pl. 28, fig. 16.
Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon.: pl. 25, sp. 123.
(mis-ID'd reference to Mya pictorum Linnaeus, 1758)
= Unio mancus
 
Unio pilaris Reeve, 1865.
‘Lea’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon.: pl. 27, sp. 138.
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio pilaris Lea, 1840)
= Fusconaia flava
 
Unio rotundatus Reeve, 1865.
‘Lamarck’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon.: pl. 23, sp. 106.
(reference to Unio rotundata Lamarck, 1819)
= Glebula rotundata
 
Unio sumatrensis Reeve, 1865.
‘Lea’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon.: pl. 28, sp. 142.
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio sumatrensis Lea, 1859)
= Trapezoideus peninsularis
 
Unio testudineus Reeve, 1865.
‘Morelet’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon.: pl. 22, sp. 101.
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio testudineus Morelet, 1849)
Type(s): FIGURED SPECIMEN BMNH_MP_354, Rio Usumacinta, Guatemala.
= Cyrtonaias livida
 
Unio vellicatus Reeve, 1865.
Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon.: pl. 22, sp. 103.
= Nephronaias ravistella
 
Unio virginana Reeve, 1865.
‘Lamarck’ Of Authors.
Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon.: pl. 27, sp. 139.
Simpson, 1900, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus.: 536.
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio virginiana Lamarck, 1819)
= Lampsilis radiata
 
Taxonomic Opinions
Unio aegyptiacus Cailliaud, 1827. — Reeve (1865).
Unio aereus Reeve, 1865. — Reeve (1865).
Unio africanus Lea, 1856. — Reeve (1865).
Unio altilis Conrad, 1834. — Reeve (1865).
Unio anodontoides Lea, 1831. — Reeve (1865).
Unio aplatus ‘Swainson ms’ in Mus. Cuming. — Reeve (1865).
Unio aucklandicus Gray, MS. in Mus. Brit. — Reeve (1865).
Unio auratus ‘Swainson MS’ in Mus. Cuming. — Reeve (1865).
Unio berlandierii Lea, 1857. — Reeve (1865).
Unio bi-cælatus Reeve, 1865. — Reeve (1865).
Unio buddianus Lea, 1841. — Reeve (1865).
Unio carinthiacus ‘Ziegl.’ Rossmässler, 1836. — Reeve (1865).
Unio circulus Lea, 1829. — Reeve (1865).
Unio coccineus Lea, 1838. — Reeve (1865).
Unio cocoduensis ‘White MS’ Reeve, 1865. — Reeve (1865).
Unio concestator Lea, 1857. — Reeve (1865).
Unio contradens Lea, 1836. — Reeve (1865).
Unio cucumoides Lea, 1840. — Reeve (1865).
Unio cuneolus Lea, 1840. — Reeve (1865).
Unio dembeae Rossmässler, MS. in Mus. Cuming. — Reeve (1865).
Unio demeraraensis Lea, 1859. — Reeve (1865).
Unio diminutus Lea, 1859. — Reeve (1865).
Unio electrinus Reeve, 1865. — Reeve (1865).
Unio fisherianus Lea, 1834 [sic]. — Reeve (1865).
Unio flavidens [sic] Benson, 1862. — Reeve (1865).
Unio fragilis Swainson, MS. in Mus. Cuming. — Reeve (1865).
Unio fuligo Reeve, 1865. — Reeve (1865).
Unio fuscatus Lea, 1843. — Reeve (1865).
Unio grayanus Lea, 1832 [sic]. — Reeve (1865).
Unio gubernaculum Reeve, 1856. — Reeve (1865).
Unio haleianus Lea, 1842. — Reeve (1865).
Unio incrassatus Lea, 1840. — Reeve (1865).
Unio ingallsianus Lea, 1852. — Reeve (1865).
Unio inornatus Lea, 1856. — Reeve (1865).
Unio iris Lea, 1829. — Reeve (1865).
Unio layardii Lea, 1859. — Reeve (1865).
Unio lens Lea, 1830. — Reeve (1865).
Unio litoralis [sic] Cuvier. — Reeve (1865).
Unio lutulentus Gould, 1850. — Reeve (1865).
Unio melleus Lea, 1859. — Reeve (1865).
Unio menkianus Lea, 1836. — Reeve (1865).
Unio menziesianus [sic] Gray MS. in Mus. Brit. — Reeve (1865).
Unio merdiger ‘Watts’ in Jay. — Reeve (1865).
Unio mississippiensis Conrad, 1850. — Reeve (1865).
Unio moretonicus Reeve, 1865. — Reeve (1865).
Unio mutabilis Lea, 1859. — Reeve (1865).
Unio napeanensis Conrad, 1850. — Reeve (1865).
Unio nashvillianus Lea, 1834. — Reeve (1865).
Unio nasutus Say, 1817. — Reeve (1865).
Unio navigioliformis Lea, 1859. — Reeve (1865).
Unio nitens Lea, 1840. — Reeve (1865).
Unio obliquiradiatus Reeve, 1865. — Reeve (1865).
Unio obtusus Lea, 1840. — Reeve (1865).
Unio patagonicus d’Orbigny, 1835. — Reeve (1865).
Unio pictorum (Linnaeus, 1758). — Reeve (1865).
Unio pilaris Lea, 1840. — Reeve (1865).
Unio platyrhynchus Rossmässler, 1835. — Reeve (1865).
Unio plicatulus Lea, 1859. — Reeve (1865).
Unio purpuratus Lamarck, 1819. — Reeve (1865).
Unio radiatus (Gmelin, 1791). — Reeve (1865).
Unio rectus Lamarck, 1819. — Reeve (1865).
Unio rotundatus Lamarck, 1819. — Reeve (1865).
Unio rubiginosus Lea, 1829. — Reeve (1865).
Unio shanghaiensis Lea, 1859. — Reeve (1865).
Unio shepardianus Lea, 1834. — Reeve (1865).
Unio solidus Lea, 1834 [sic]. — Reeve (1865).
Unio subrotundus Lea, 1830. — Reeve (1865).
Unio sumatrensis Lea, 1859. — Reeve (1865).
Unio testudineus Morelet, 1849. — Reeve (1865).
Unio thwaitesii Lea, 1859. — Reeve (1865).
Unio tumidus Philippson. — Reeve (1865).
Unio vellicatus Reeve, 1865. — Reeve (1865).
Unio verecundus Gould, 1850. — Reeve (1865).
Unio vignonana [sic] (Bernardi, 1859). — Reeve (1865).
 
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