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Page last updated
9 August
2018

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The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World
(and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the search fields. Either way, you win!

Taxa known only as fossils are highlighted in gray. Those without representatives in fresh waters are highlighted in gold.

 

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Bivalvia
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Publication Information

Lea, I. 1829. Description of a new genus of the family of naïades, including eight species, four of which are new; also the description of eleven new species of the genus Unio from the rivers of the United States: with observations on some of the characters of the Naïades. Transactions of the American Philosophical Society 3 [O. 1]: 403-457, pls. 7-14 (Obs. 1: 17-71).
Availably electronically? yes.

Species Described
Symphynota bialata Lea, 1829.
Lea, 1829, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 445, pl. 14, fig. 24 [as ‘bi-alata’].
(renamed Dianisotis chinensis Rafinesque, 1831)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86356A, Canton, China.
= Cristaria plicata
 
Symphynota compressa Lea, 1829.
Lea, 1829, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 450, pl. 12, fig. 22.
(renamed Margaron pressus Lea, 1852)
Type(s): LECTOTYPE USNM_83961, Yellow Cr., Cincinnati, Ohio.
= Lasmigona compressa
 
Symphynota laevissima Lea, 1829.
Lea, 1829, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 444 [58], pl. 13, fig. 23 [as ‘lævissima’].
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_83938, Cincinnati, Ohio.
= Potamilus ohiensis
 
Symphynota tenuissima Lea, 1829.
Lea, 1829, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 453, pl. 11, fig. 21.
Type(s): PARATYPE USNM_86052, Cincinnati, Ohio.
= Leptodea leptodon
 
Unio alasmodontina Lea, 1829.
‘Barnes’ Lea, 1829, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 451.
(intro'd as syn of Symphynota compressa Lea, 1829)
= Lasmigona compressa
 
Unio ater Lea, 1829.
Lea, 1829, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 426, pl. 7, fig. 9.
(prim. homonym of Unio ater Nilsson, 1822; renamed Unio lugubris Say, 1832)
Type(s): SYNTYPE USNM_86108, Port Gibson, Miss.
= Potamilus purpuratus
 
Unio circulus Lea, 1829.
Lea, 1829, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 433 [47], pl. 9, fig. 14.
Type(s): UNKNOWN USNM_85734, Cincinatti, Ohio.
= Obovaria subrotunda
 
Unio heterodon Lea, 1829.
Lea, 1829, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 428, pl. 8, fig. 11.
Type(s): SYNTYPES ANSP_41004, Schuylkill [River] and Derby [sic] Creek, Pennsylvania.
= Alasmidonta heterodon
 
Unio iris Lea, 1829.
Lea, 1829, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 439, pl. 11, fig. 18.
Type(s): SYNTYPES USNM_86035, Cincinnati, Ohio.
= Cambarunio iris
 
Unio metanever Lea, 1829.
‘Rafinesque’ Of Authors.
Lea, 1829, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 418.
Jay, 1835, Cat. Rec. Shells: 17.
Hanley, 1843, Illustr. Descr. Cat. Rec. Bivalve Shells: 179.
Agassiz, 1852, Arch. Naturg.: 48.
Mörch, 1853, Cat. Conch. Yoldi: 44.
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 252.
(reference to Obliquaria metanevra Rafinesque, 1820)
= Theliderma metanevra
 
Unio multiradiatus Lea, 1829.
Lea, 1829, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 434 [48], pl. 9, fig. 15 [as ‘multi-radiatus’].
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84930, Cincinnati, Ohio.
= Lampsilis fasciola
 
Unio occidens Lea, 1829.
Lea, 1829, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 435, pl. 10, fig. 16.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84866, Cincinnati, Ohio.
= Lampsilis cardium
 
Unio patulus Lea, 1829.
Lea, 1829, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 441, pl. 12, fig. 20.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84760, Ohio ?.
= Pleurobema clava
 
Unio planulatus Lea, 1829.
Lea, 1829, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 431 [45], pl. 9, fig. 13.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86059, Cincinnati, Ohio.
= Ptychobranchus fasciolaris
 
Unio rubiginosus Lea, 1829.
Lea, 1829, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 427 [41], pl. 8, fig. 10.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84556, Cincinnati, Ohio.
= Fusconaia flava
 
Unio securis Lea, 1829.
Lea, 1829, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 437 [51], pl. 11, fig. 17.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84475, Cincinnati, Ohio.
= Ellipsaria lineolata
 
Unio sulcatus Lea, 1829.
Lea, 1828, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 269 [as ‘Unio ellipsis var. a’].
Lea, 1829, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 430, pl. 8, fig. 12.
Say, 1830, Amer. Conch.: pl. 5, lower figs..
Type(s): SYNTYPES USNM_84803, Ohio.
= Epioblasma obliquata
 
Unio zigzag Lea, 1829.
Lea, 1829, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 440, pl. 12, fig. 19 [as ‘zig-zag’].
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84459, Cincinnati, Ohio.
= Truncilla donaciformis
 
Taxonomic Opinions
Alasmodonta [sic] margaritifera Linnaeus. — Lea (1829: 421).
Alasmodonta [sic] undulata Say. — Lea (1829: 424).
Symphynota alata Say. — Lea (1829: 448).
Symphynota bi-alata. — Lea (1829: 445).
Symphynota complanata. — Lea (1829: 448).
Symphynota compressa. — Lea (1829: 450).
Symphynota cygnea Linn. — Lea (1829: 456).
Symphynota gracilis. — Lea (1829: 452).
Symphynota lævissima. — Lea (1829: 444).
Symphynota ochracea Say. — Lea (1829: 455).
Symphynota tenuissima. — Lea (1829: 453).
Unio ater Lea. — Lea (1829: 420).
Unio brevialis Lamarck. — Lea (1829: 422).
Unio calceolus Lea. — Lea (1829: 420).
Unio cariosus Say. — Lea (1829: 417).
Unio circulus Lea. — Lea (1829: 420).
Unio complanatus Solander MSS. — Lea (1829: 416).
Unio cornutus Bar. — Lea (1829: 418).
Unio corrugata. — Lea (1829: 424).
Unio cuneatus Bar. — Lea (1829: 419).
Unio cylindricus Say. — Lea (1829: 417).
Unio depressa Lamarck. — Lea (1829: 424).
Unio donaciformis Lea. — Lea (1829: 420).
Unio ellipsis Lea. — Lea (1829: 420).
Unio gibbosus Bar. — Lea (1829: 419).
Unio granosa Lamarck. — Lea (1829: 424).
Unio heterodon Lea. — Lea (1829: 420).
Unio iris Lea. — Lea (1829: 421).
Unio irroratus Lea. — Lea (1829: 420).
Unio lacrymosus Lea. — Lea (1829: 420).
Unio lanceolatus Lea. — Lea (1829: 420).
Unio littoralis Lamarck. — Lea (1829: 423).
Unio marginalis Lamarck. — Lea (1829: 425).
Unio metanever [sic] Rafin. — Lea (1829: 418).
Unio multiradiatus Lea. — Lea (1829: 420).
Unio mytiloides Rafin. — Lea (1829: 418).
Unio nasutus Say. — Lea (1829: 417).
Unio occidens Lea. — Lea (1829: 420).
Unio ovatus Say. — Lea (1829: 417).
Unio parvus Bar. — Lea (1829: 420).
Unio patulus Lea. — Lea (1829: 421).
Unio pictorum. — Lea (1829: 424).
Unio planulatus Lea. — Lea (1829: 420).
Unio plicatus Le Sueur. — Lea (1829: 417).
Unio radiatus Gmelin. — Lea (1829: 415).
Unio rectus Lam. — Lea (1829: 418).
Unio rubiginosus Lea. — Lea (1829: 420).
Unio scalenius Rafin. — Lea (1829: 418).
Unio securis Lea. — Lea (1829: 420).
Unio siliquoideus Bar. — Lea (1829: 419).
Unio subtentus Say. — Lea (1829: 417).
Unio sulcatus Lea. — Lea (1829: 420).
Unio torsus Rafin. — Lea (1829: 418).
Unio triangularis Bar. — Lea (1829: 419).
Unio tuberculatus Bar. — Lea (1829: 419).
Unio ventricosus Bar. — Lea (1829: 419).
Unio verrucosus Bar. — Lea (1829: 419).
Unio zig-zag Lea. — Lea (1829: 421).
Unio æsopus Green. — Lea (1829: 420).
 
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