MUSSELp
 
MUSSELpdb
 
 
 

Page last updated
9 August
2018

Click here to read the database disclaimer.

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World
(and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the search fields. Either way, you win!

Taxa known only as fossils are highlighted in gray. Those without representatives in fresh waters are highlighted in gold.

 

Search:


Bivalvia
top

NOTICE! This version of the MUSSELpdb online is no longer supported or up-to-date. It will be removed from this web site in the summer of 2019.

Click here to view these data in the current, updated version. Or, click here to browse from the starting page.

Publication Information

Lea, I. 1834. Observations on the Naïades; and descriptions of new species of that and other families. Transactions of the American Philosophical Society 5 [O. 1]: 23-119, pls. 1-19 (Obs. 1: 135-231).
Availably electronically? yes.

Species Described
Anodonta blainvilliana Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 77 [189], pl. 12, fig. 35.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE USNM_128843, So. America.
= Leila blainvilliana
 
Anodonta burroughiana Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 105, pl. 16, fig. 49.
= Simpsonella purpurea
 
Anodonta ferussaciana Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 45, pl. 6, fig. 15.
Type(s): FIGURED SYNTYPE USNM_86520, Cincinnati, Ohio.
= Anodontoides ferussacianus
 
Anodonta incerta Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 46, pl. 6, fig. 16.
= Utterbackia imbecillis
 
Anodonta latomarginata Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 76, pl. 12, fig. 34 [as ‘lato-marginata’].
Lea, 1863, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 394 [as ‘lato-marginata’].
Type(s): IDIOTYPE MCZ_175657, Brazil.
= Anodontites patagonicus
 
Anodonta mortoniana Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 80 [192], pl. 13, fig. 37.
= Anodontites patagonicus
 
Anodonta palna Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 48.
(incorrect original spelling of Anodonta plana Lea, 1834)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86626, Bear Grass Creek, near Louisville, Ky.
= Pyganodon grandis
 
Anodonta plana Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 48 [as ‘palna’], pl. 7, fig. 18.
(correct name for Anodonta palna Lea, 1834)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86626, Bear Grass Creek, near Louisville, Ky.
= Pyganodon grandis
 
Anodonta stewartiana Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 47 [159], pl. 6, fig. 17.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86664, Bayou Teche, Louisiana.
= Pyganodon grandis
 
Anodonta tenebricosa Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 78, pl. 12, fig. 36.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86761, Rio la Plata, Buenos Ayres.
= Anodontites tenebricosus
 
Anodonta trapezialis Blainville, 1825.
‘Lamarck’ Of Authors.
Blainville, 1825, Manuel Malacol. et Conch.: 538.
Bory de St. Vincent, 1827, Encycl. Méth.: 147.
Menke, 1828, Syn. Method. Moll.: 63.
Menke, 1830, Syn. Method. Moll.: 106.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 93.
d’Orbigny, 1835, Mag. Zool.: 43.
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 53.
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 287.
Hanley, 1843, Illustr. Descr. Cat. Rec. Bivalve Shells: 220.
Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 52.
Adams & Adams, 1857, Gen. Rec. Moll.: 504.
Hupé, 1857, [in] Castelnau, Amim. Nouv. Rares d’Amer. Sud: 85.
Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 82.
Ihering, 1893, Arch. Naturg.: 135.
Corsi, 1900, Anais Mus. Nac. Montevideo: 456.
Marshall, 1915, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus.: 529.
Haas, 1929, Senckenbergiana: 340.
H.B. Baker, 1930, Occ. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich.: 70.
Morretes, 1949, Arqu. Mus. Paranaense: 27.
(error for Anodonta trapesialis Lamarck, 1819)
= Anodontites trapesialis
 
Cyrena turgida Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 109, pl. 17, fig. 51.
= Geloina bengalensis
 
Margaritana raveneliana Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 106, pl. 17, fig. 50.
(renamed Unio swananoensis Hanley, 1843)
Type(s): LECTOTYPE USNM_86254 (selected by Clarke, 1981), Swananee River, North Carolina.
= Alasmidonta raveneliana
 
Symphynota benedictensis Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 104, pl. 16, fig. 48.
(renamed Margaron benedictii Lea, 1870)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86381, Lake Champlain, Vermont.
= Pyganodon grandis
 
Symphynota discoidea Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 75 [187], pl. 11, fig. 33.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86358, China.
= Pletholophus tenuis
 
Symphynota globosa Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 41, pl. 4, fig. 12.
Type(s): SYNTYPES ANSP_56609, Ohio.
= Potamilus capax
 
Symphynota magnifica Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 43 [155], pl. 5, fig. 14.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86379, China.
= Sinanodonta woodiana
 
Symphynota woodiana Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 42 [154], pl. 5, fig. 13.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86380, Canton, China.
= Sinanodonta woodiana
 
Unio blandingianus Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 101, pl. 15, fig. 44.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85715, St. Johns R., Fla.
= Uniomerus carolinianus
 
Unio burroughianus Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 67 [179], pl. 10, fig. 27.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE ANSP_41796, Rio Paraná, Province of Corrientes.
= Diplodon burroughianus
 
Unio camelus Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 102 [214], pl. 15, fig. 45.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84486, Cincinnati, Ohio.
= Ptychobranchus fasciolaris
 
Unio capillaris Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 29, pl. 2, fig. 2.
Type(s): TYPE USNM_84602, Cincinnati, Ohio.
= Epioblasma personata
 
Unio capsaeformis Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 31, pl. 2, fig. 4 [as ‘capsæformis’].
Type(s): HOLOTYPE MCZ_178570, Cumberland River, Tennessee.
= Epioblasma capsaeformis
 
Unio confertus Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 103 [215], pl. 16, fig. 47.
Type(s): IDIOTYPE USNM_85634, Santee Canal, S. Carolina.
= Elliptio icterina
 
Unio conradicus Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 63 [175], pl. 9, fig. 23.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84134, [no locality available - North America].
= Medionidus conradicus
 
Unio cooperianus Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 61 [173], pl. 8, fig. 21.
= Plethobasus cooperianus
 
Unio corrianus Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 65, pl. 9, fig. 25.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86056, Calcutta, India.
= Lamellidens corrianus
 
Unio divaricatus Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 64 [176], pl. 9, fig. 24.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85332A, Egypt? (S. Am?).
= Diplodon delodontus
 
Unio dromas Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 70 [182], pl. 10, fig. 29.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_25852, Tennessee.
= Dromus dromas
 
Unio emarginatus Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 62 [174], pl. 9, fig. 22.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86159, [no locality available - Europe].
= Unio mancus
 
Unio fulvus Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 96 [208], pl. 13, fig. 39.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85679, S.C.
= Elliptio congaraea
 
Unio geometricus Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 38 [150], pl. 4, fig. 10.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85712, Bayou Teche, Louisiana.
= Uniomerus declivis
 
Unio gigantea Lea, 1834.
‘Barnes’ Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 31, 35.
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio giganteus Barnes, 1823)
= Amblema plicata
 
Unio grayanus Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 66 [178], pl. 9, fig. 26.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84162, China.
= Lanceolaria grayii
 
Unio griffithianus Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 103, pl. 15, fig. 46.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85610, S.C.
= Elliptio complanata
 
Unio haysianus Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 35, pl. 3, fig. 7.
Type(s): TOPOTYPE USNM_84613, Nashville, Tenn.
= Epioblasma haysiana
 
Unio hildrethianus Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 36 [148], pl. 3, fig. 8.
Type(s): FIGURED SYNTYPE USNM_122252, Ohio R., Louisville, Ky.
= Simpsonaias ambigua
 
Unio kirtlandianus Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 98 [210], pl. 14, fig. 41.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85815, Mahoning R., Ohio.
= Fusconaia subrotunda
 
Unio lacteolus Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 40, pl. 8, fig. 19.
= Diplodon delodontus
 
Unio modioliformis Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 97 [209], pl. 13, fig. 40.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85029, Santee Canal, S. Carolina.
= Villosa vibex
 
Unio modioliformis Lea, 1834.
‘Say’ Of Authors.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 89.
Ferussac, 1835, Mag. Zool.: 28.
Conrad, 1835, Monogr. Fam. Unionidae: 5.
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 246.
(intro'd as syn of Unio clava Lamarck, 1819)
= Pleurobema clava
 
Unio murchisonianus Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 33, pl. 3, fig. 6.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (MONOTYPY) USNM_84156, Calcutta, India [penciled out].
= Nodularia douglasiae
 
Unio nashvillianus Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 100, pl. 14, fig. 43.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85114, Nashville, Tenn.
= Sagittunio subrostrata
 
Unio nicklinianus Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 28 [140], pl. 1, fig. 1.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (MONOTYPY) USNM_83898, Canton China? [Central America].
= Megalonaias nickliniana
 
Unio parallelopipedon Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 60 [172], pl. 8, fig. 20.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85928, Paraná R., Prov. Corrientes, S. America.
= Diplodon parallelopipedon
 
Unio paranensis Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 99 [211], pl. 14, fig. 42.
Type(s): POSSIBLE SYNTYPES ANSP_41798, South America.
= Diplodon paranensis
 
Unio perdix Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 72 [184], pl. 11, fig. 31.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84857, Harpeth R., Tenn.
= Ortmanniana pectorosa
 
Unio pictus Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 73 [185], pl. 11, fig. 32.
Type(s): SYNTYPE MCZ_5792, Harpeth River, Tennessee.
= Cambarunio taeniatus
 
Unio ravenelianus Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 32 [144], pl. 3, fig. 5.
(renamed Unio rudis Conrad, 1837)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84783, French Broad R., near Ashville, N. Carolina.
= Pleurobema oviforme
 
Unio schoolcraftensis Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 37 [149], pl. 3, fig. 9.
= Cyclonaias pustulosa
 
Unio shepardianus Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 95 [207], pl. 13, fig. 38.
Type(s): PARATYPE MCZ_155568, [Altamaha River] [Hopeton near Darien] McIntosh Co., Georgia.
= Elliptio shepardiana
 
Unio sowerbianus Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 180 [68], pl. 10, fig. 28.
= Epioblasma haysiana
 
Unio subglobosus Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 30, pl. 2, fig. 3.
= Glebula rotundata
 
Unio taitianus Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 39 [151], pl. 4, fig. 11.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84653, Claiborne, Alabama R., Ala.
= Pleurobema taitianum
 
Unio troostensis Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 71, pl. 10, fig. 30.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84701, Stones River, Tenn.
= Venustaconcha troostensis
 
Taxonomic Opinions
Alasmodonta [sic] marginata (Say). — Lea (1834: 91).
Anodonta anatina Linnaeus. — Lea (1834: 92).
Anodonta crispata Lamarck. — Lea (1834: 93).
Anodonta cygnea Linnaeus. — Lea (1834: 92).
Anodonta exotica Lamarck. — Lea (1834: 93).
Anodonta fragilis Lamarck. — Lea (1834: 93).
Anodonta glauca Lamarck. — Lea (1834: 94).
Anodonta patagonica Lamarck. — Lea (1834: 94).
Anodonta rubens Lamarck. — Lea (1834: 93).
Anodonta sinuosa Lamarck. — Lea (1834: 94).
Anodonta trapezialis [sic] Lamarck. — Lea (1834: 93).
Anodonta uniopsis Lamarck. — Lea (1834: 93).
Castalia ambigua Lamarck. — Lea (1834: 92).
Hyria corrugata Lamarck. — Lea (1834: 92).
Hyria syrmatophora Gronovius. — Lea (1834: 92).
Iridina exotica Lamarck. — Lea (1834: 94).
Iridina nilotica Cailliaud. — Lea (1834: 94).
Unio angusta Lamarck. — Lea (1834: 91).
Unio ater Lea. — Lea (1834: 87).
Unio australis Lamarck. — Lea (1834: 92).
Unio batava Maton and Racket. — Lea (1834: 90).
Unio cariosus Say. — Lea (1834: 92).
Unio complanatus (Solander). — Lea (1834: 88).
Unio crassidens Lamarck. — Lea (1834: 87).
Unio crassus Say. — Lea (1834: 88).
Unio cylindricus Say. — Lea (1834: 89).
Unio depressa Lamarck. — Lea (1834: 91).
Unio gibbosus Barnes. — Lea (1834: 89).
Unio granosa Lamarck. — Lea (1834: 91).
Unio lacteolus. — Lea (1834: 40).
Unio littoralis Lamarck. — Lea (1834: 88).
Unio margaritifera Linnaeus. — Lea (1834: 87).
Unio marginalis Lamarck. — Lea (1834: 92).
Unio occidens Lea. — Lea (1834: 89).
Unio ovata Donovan. — Lea (1834: 91).
Unio ovatus Say. — Lea (1834: 89).
Unio pictorum Of Authors. — Lea (1834: 90).
Unio plicatus Say. — Lea (1834: 87).
Unio radiatus. — Lea (1834: 88).
Unio recta Lamarck. — Lea (1834: 89).
Unio rotundata Lamarck. — Lea (1834: 89).
Unio scalenia Rafinesque. — Lea (1834: 89).
Unio siliquoideus Barnes. — Lea (1834: 91).
Unio sinuata Lamarck. — Lea (1834: 86).
Unio torsa (Rafinesque). — Lea (1834: 88).
Unio trapezoides Lea. — Lea (1834: 87).
Unio undatus Barnes. — Lea (1834: 88).
 
NSF icon MUSSEL icon
"Making the world a better place, one mollusk at a time."