MUSSELp
 
MUSSELpdb
 
 
 

Page last updated
9 August
2018

Click here to read the database disclaimer.

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World
(and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the search fields. Either way, you win!

Taxa known only as fossils are highlighted in gray. Those without representatives in fresh waters are highlighted in gold.

 

Search:


Bivalvia
top

NOTICE! This version of the MUSSELpdb online is no longer supported or up-to-date. It will be removed from this web site in the summer of 2019.

Click here to view these data in the current, updated version. Or, click here to browse from the starting page.

Publication Information

Gmelin, J.F. 1791. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, locis 1(6) (13th ed.): 3021-3909.
Availably electronically? yes.

Species Described
Cardium crassum Gmelin, 1791.
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat.: 3254.

 
Cardium trilaterum Gmelin, 1791.
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat.: 3253.
= Didacna trigonoides
 
Donax laevigata Gmelin, 1791.
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat.: 3265.
= Iphigenia laevigata
 
Mya margaritifera Gmelin, 1791.
Lister, 1678, Hist. Anim. Anglic.: 15, pl. 1, fig. 1 [pre-linnaean].
Lister, 1685, Conch.: pl. 149, fig. 4 [pre-linnaean].
Klein, 1753, Tent. Method. Ostrac., etc.: pl. 10, fig. 47 [pre-linnaean].
Knorr, 1757, Vergnügen: pl. 25, fig. 2.
Schröter, 1779, Gesch. Flußconch.: pl. 4, fig. 1.
Martini & Chemnitz, 1782, Conchyl. Cab.: 15, pl. 1, fig. 5.
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat.: 3219, sp. 4.
(mis-ID'd reference to Mya margaritifera Linnaeus, 1758)
= Pseudunio auricularia
 
Mya nodosa Gmelin, 1791.
Martini & Chemnitz, 1788, Conchyl. Cab.: 346, pl. 170, fig. 1650.
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat.: 3222, sp. 23.
(renamed Unio nodulosa Lamarck, 1819)
= Unio pictorum
 
Mya pictorum Gmelin, 1791.
Lister, 1678, Hist. Anim. Anglic.: pl. 2, fig. 30; [app.] pl. 1, fig. 4 [pre-linnaean].
Lister, 1685, Conch.: pl. 146, fig. 1; pl. 147, figs. 2-3 [pre-linnaean].
Schröter, 1779, Gesch. Flußconch.: pl. 2, fig. 2; pl. 3, figs. 2-5; pl. 4, fig. 6.
Martini & Chemnitz, 1782, Conchyl. Cab.: 19, pl. 1, fig. 6.
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat.: 3218, sp. 3.
(mis-ID'd reference to Mya pictorum Linnaeus, 1758)
= Unio crassus
 
Mya radiata Gmelin, 1791.
Lister, 1685, Conch.: pl. 152, fig. 7.
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat.: 3220, sp. 9, var. b [in part].
(mis-ID'd reference to Mya radiata Gmelin, 1791)
= Lampsilis cariosa
 
Mya radiata Gmelin, 1791.
Martini & Chemnitz, 1782, Conchyl. Cab.: 23, pl. 2, fig. 7.
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat.: 3220, sp. 9 [in part].
= Lampsilis radiata
 
Mya rugosa Gmelin, 1791.
Martini & Chemnitz, 1788, Conchyl. Cab.: 346, pl. 170, fig. 1649.
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat.: 3222, sp. 32.
= Parreysia rugosa
 
Mya spuria Gmelin, 1791.
Schröter, 1783, Einl. Conch.: 617, sp. 9, pl. 7, fig. 5 [non-binomial].
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat.: 3222, sp. 16.
= Parreysia corrugata
 
Mya syrmatophora Gmelin, 1791.
Meuschen in Gronovius, 1781, Zoophylacium Gronovianum: pl. 8, figs. 1-2 [non-binomial].
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat.: 3222 [non-binomial].
= Prisodon syrmatophorus
 
Mytilus dubius Gmelin, 1791.
Adanson, 1757, Hist. Nat. Sénégal, Coquillages: 234, pl. 17, fig. 21 [as ‘le mutel’] [pre-linnaean].
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat.: 3363, sp. 56.
(renamed Anodonta adansonii Gray, 1825)
= Mutela dubia
 
Mytilus fluviatilis Gmelin, 1791.
Lister, 1685, Conch.: pl. 157, fig. 12 [pre-linnaean].
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat.: 3359, sp. 34.
(sec. homonym of Mytulus fluviatilis Pallas, 1771)
= Leptodea ochracea
 
Mytilus lineatus Gmelin, 1791.
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat.: 3359.
= Mytilaster lineatus
 
Mytilus stagnalis Gmelin, 1791.
Schröter, 1779, Gesch. Flußconch.: pl. 1, fig. 1.
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat.: 3352, sp. 50.
= Anodonta cygnea
 
Mytilus zellensis Gmelin, 1791.
Schröter, 1779, Gesch. Flußconch.: pl. 2, fig. 1.
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat.: 3362, sp. 51.
(renamed Anodonta cellensis Pfeiffer, 1821)
= Anodonta cygnea
 
Tellina calcarea Gmelin, 1791.
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat.: 3236.
= Macoma calcarea
 
Tellina pusilla Gmelin, 1791.
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat.: ??.
= Pisidium casertanum
 
Tellina virginica Gmelin, 1791.
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat.: 3236.
= Pisidium dubium
 
Venus borealis Gmelin, 1791.
Lister, 1678, Hist. Anim. Anglic.: 174, pl. 4, figs. 123.
Martini & Chemnitz, 1784, Conch. Cab.: pl. 39, figs. 412-414.
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat.: 3285.

 
Venus casta Gmelin, 1791.
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat.: 3278.
= Meretrix casta
 
Venus coaxans Gmelin, 1791.
Martini & Chemnitz, 1782, Conchyl. Cab.: pl. 32, fig. 336.
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat.: 3278.
= Geloina erosa
 
Venus hermaphrodita Gmelin, 1791.
Martini & Chemnitz, 1782, Conchyl. Cab.: pl. 32, fig. 336.
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat.: 3278.
= Galatea paradoxa
 
Venus islandica Gmelin, 1791.
Lister, 1685, Conch.: pl. 272, fig. 108.
Martini & Chemnitz, 1782, Conchyl. Cab.: pl. 32, figs. 341-342.
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat.: 3271.

 
Venus meretrix Gmelin, 1791.
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat.: 3273, var. B.
(mis-ID'd reference to Venus meretrix Linnaeus, 1758)
= Galatea paradoxa
 
Venus reclusa Gmelin, 1791.
Martini & Chemnitz, 1782, Conchyl. Cab.: 326, pl. 31, figs. 327-329 [non-binomial].
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat.: 3278.
= Galatea paradoxa
 
Venus subviridis Gmelin, 1791.
Lister, 1685, Conch.: pl. 158, fig. 13 [non-binomial].
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat.: 3280.
= Galatea paradoxa
 
Venus meretrix var. beta Gmelin, 1791.
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat.: 3273.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Venus meretrix Linnaeus, 1758)
= Galatea paradoxa
 
Taxonomic Opinions
Mya corrugata Müller, 1774. — Gmelin (1791: 3221).
Mya margaritifera Linnaeus, 1758. — Gmelin (1791: 3219).
Mya nodosa Gmelin, 1791. — Gmelin (1791: 3222).
Mya pictorum Linnaeus, 1758. — Gmelin (1791: 3218).
Mya radiata Gmelin, 1791. — Gmelin (1791: 3220).
Mya rugosa Gmelin, 1791. — Gmelin (1791: 3222).
Mya spuria Gmelin, 1791. — Gmelin (1791: 3222).
Mya syrmatophora Gronovius, 1781. — Gmelin (1791: 3222).
Mytilus anatinus Linnaeus, 1758. — Gmelin (1791: 3356).
Mytilus cygneus Linnaeus, 1758. — Gmelin (1791: 3355).
Mytilus dubius Gmelin, 1791. — Gmelin (1791: 3363).
Mytilus fluviatilis Gmelin, 1791. — Gmelin (1791: 3359).
Mytilus stagnalis Gmelin, 1791. — Gmelin (1791: 3362).
Mytilus zellensis Gmelin, 1791. — Gmelin (1791: 3362).
 
NSF icon MUSSEL icon
"Making the world a better place, one mollusk at a time."