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Page last updated
9 August
2018

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The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World
(and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the search fields. Either way, you win!

Taxa known only as fossils are highlighted in gray. Those without representatives in fresh waters are highlighted in gold.

 

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Bivalvia | Unionoida | Margaritiferidae | Margaritifera
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NOTICE! This version of the MUSSELpdb online is no longer supported or up-to-date. It will be removed from this web site in the summer of 2019.

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Margaritifera margaritifera (Linnaeus, 1758): species synonymy
  View specimens: 28 specimens, Red List Status: endangered

   Recent References
   = Margaritifera margaritifera. — Huang et al. (2018).
   = Margaritifera margaritifera. — Hewitt et al. (2018).
   = Margaritifera margaritifera. — Vikhrev et al. (2018).
   = Margaritifera margaritifera. — Pfeiffer et al. (2018).
   = Margaritifera margaritifera (Linnaeus, 1758). — Lopes-Lima et al. (2018).
   = Margaritifera margaritifera. — Soroka et al. (2018).
   = Margaritifera margaritifera (Linnaeus, 1758). — Bolotov et al. (2018).
   = Margaritifera margaritifera. — Välilä et al. (2017).
   = Margaritifera margaritifera. — Froufe et al. (2017).
   = Margaritifera margaritifera (Linnaeus, 1758). — Lopes-Lima et al. (2017).

Mya margaritifera Linnaeus, 1758.
Lister, 1678, Hist. Anim. Anglic.: [app.] 15, pl. 1, fig. 1 [pre-linnaean].
Lister, 1685, Conch.: pl. 149, fig. 4 [pre-linnaean].
Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat.: 671, sp. 20.
Linnaeus, 1767, Syst. Nat.: 1112, sp. 29.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE LS_29, “Habitat in totius orbis arctici cataractis.”.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Mya margaritifera Da Costa, 1778.
Da Costa, 1778, British Conch.: 225, pl. 15, fig. 3.
(reference to Mya margaritifera Linnaeus, 1758)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Margaritana fluviatilis Schumacher, 1817.
Schumacher, 1816, Overs. Dansk. Vid. Selsk. Forhandl. Kjobehhaven: 7 [nomen nudum].
Schumacher, 1817, Essai. Nouv. Syst.: 124, pl. 10, fig. 4.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio elongata Lamarck, 1819.
Pennant, 1777, British Zool.: pl. 43, fig. 18.
Lamarck, 1819, Hist. Natur. Anim. sans Vert.: 70, sp. 2.
Type(s): POSSIBLE SYNTYPE MNHN_MPL_0028, Habite dans les rivières de l’Angleterre, et probablement du nord de l’Europe [Lives in the rivers of England and Northern Europe probably].
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Alasmodonta arcuata Barnes, 1823.
Barnes, 1823, Amer. J. Sci.: 277, pl. 12, fig. 20.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio sinuata C. Pfeiffer, 1825.
C. Pfeiffer, 1825, Naturgesch. Dtsch. Land-Süßw. Moll.: .
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio sinuata Lamarck, 1819)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio elongata Michaud, 1831.
Michaud, 1831, Compl. Hist. Nat. Moll., Draparnaud: 113, pl. 16, fig. 29.
(reference to Unio elongata Lamarck, 1819)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio roissyi Michaud, 1831.
Michaud, 1831, Compl. Hist. Nat. Moll., Draparnaud: 112, pl. 16, figs. 27-28..
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio margaritifer var. minor Rossmässler, 1835.
Rossmässler, 1835, Icon. Land- und Süssw.-Moll.: 21, pl. 9, fig. 129.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Mya margaritifera Linnaeus, 1758)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio rivalis Lea, 1836.
‘Zeig.’ Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 46.
(intro'd as syn of Mya margaritifera Linnaeus, 1758)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio brunneus Bonhomme, 1840.
Bonhomme, 1840, Mém. Aveyron: 460.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio tristis Morelet, 1845.
Morelet, 1845, Moll. Terr. Fluv. Portugal: 107, pl. 31, fig. 2.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE BMNH_93-2-4-1961, la Tamega, pres a Amarante, Portugal.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio roisii Lea, 1852.
‘Mich.’ Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 40.
(error for Unio roissyi Michaud, 1831)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio raveneliana Chenu, 1859.
‘Lea’ Chenu, 1859, Manuel Conchyl.: 144, fig. 714.
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio ravenelianus Lea, 1834)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio reyniesii Lea, 1870.
‘Mich.’ Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 64.
(error for Unio roissyi Michaud, 1831)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Margaritifera borealis Westerlund, 1871.
Westerlund, 1871, Moll. Terre et d’Eau Douce Suéde et Norvége: 168.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Margaritana compressa Westerlund, 1873.
Westerlund, 1873, Fauna Moll. Terr. Fluv. Suec. Norv. Dan.: ?? [infra-subsp.].
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Margaritana ventricosa Westerlund, 1873.
Westerlund, 1873, Fauna Moll. Terr. Fluv. Suec. Norv. Dan.: ?? [infra-subsp.].
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Margaritana freytagi Kobelt, 1886.
Kobelt, 1886, Jb. Nassau. Ver. Naturk.: 98, pl. 8, figs. 1-4.
Kobelt, 1886, Icon. Land- und Süssw.-Moll.: 45, pl. 55, figs. 291-294.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE SMF_4984, Nister b. Hachenburg.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Margaritana michaudi Locard, 1889.
Michaud, 1831, Compl. Hist. Nat. Moll., Draparnaud: 113, pl. 16, fig. 29 [as ‘Unio elongata’].
Locard, 1889, Contr. Faune Malacol. Franc.: 123 [17], 180 [74].
Locard, 1893, Coqu. Eau Douce Saumâtre France: 150.
Type(s): PARALECTOTYPE MNHN_22368, Vire [Calvados].
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Margaritana pyrenaica Locard, 1889.
Bourguignat in Locard, 1889, Contr. Faune Malacol. Franc.: 123 [17], 181 [75].
‘Bourguignat’ Locard, 1893, Coqu. Eau Douce Saumâtre France: 150.
Type(s): SYNTYPE MNHN_22478, Carcenac (Aveyron).
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Margaritana margaritifera forma jetschini Westerlund, 1890.
Westerlund, 1890, Fauna Paläarct. Binnenconch.: 185 [infra-subsp.].
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Mya margaritifera Linnaeus, 1758)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Margaritana alleni Locard, 1899.
Castro in Locard, 1899, Conchyliol. Portug.: 212.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Margaritana margaritifera parvula Haas, 1908.
Haas, 1908, Beitr. Kenntn. Mittleleurop. Najadeen, Beilage zu...: 15.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Mya margaritifera Linnaeus, 1758)
Type(s): LECTOTYPE SMF_4982, Ulfenbach bei Affolterbach.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Margaritana margaritifera var. siluriana Bloomer, 1927.
Bloomer, 1927, Proc. Malac. Soc. London: 211.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Mya margaritifera Linnaeus, 1758)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Margaritana durrovensis Bloomer, 1928.
Bloomer, 1928, Proc. Malac. Soc. London: 74, text fig..
(reference to Margaritana durrovensis Phillips, 1928)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Margaritana durrovensis Phillips, 1928.
Phillips, 1928, Proc. Malac. Soc. London: 71, pls. 3-5.
Bloomer, 1928, Proc. Malac. Soc. London: 74, text fig..
Type(s): SYNTYPES BMNH_1928-10-23-1-2, River Nore, Durrow, Queen’s Co., Ireland.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Margaritana durrowensis Haas, 1940.
‘Phillips’ Haas, 1940, Zool. Ser. Field Mus. Nat. Hist.: 120.
(error for Margaritana durrovensis Phillips, 1928)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Margaritana tenerus Ziuganov et al., 1994.
Ziuganov et al., 1994, Freshw. Pearl Muss. & Fish: 59.
(intro'd as syn of Mya margaritifera Linnaeus, 1758)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Margaritana vulgaris Ziuganov et al., 1994.
Ziuganov et al., 1994, Freshw. Pearl Muss. & Fish: 59.
(intro'd as syn of Mya margaritifera Linnaeus, 1758)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
 
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