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Page last updated
9 August
2018

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The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World
(and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the search fields. Either way, you win!

Taxa known only as fossils are highlighted in gray. Those without representatives in fresh waters are highlighted in gold.

 

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Bivalvia | Unionoida | Unionidae | Pyganodon
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NOTICE! This version of the MUSSELpdb online is no longer supported or up-to-date. It will be removed from this web site in the summer of 2019.

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Pyganodon grandis (Say, 1829): species synonymy
  View specimens: 52 specimens, Red List Status: least concern

   Recent References
   = Pyganodon grandis. — Soroka & Burzynski (2018).
   = Pyganodon grandis (Say, 1829). — Bolotov et al. (2018).
   = Pyganodon grandis. — Hewitt et al. (2018).
   = Pyganodon grandis. — Smith et al. (2018).
   = Pyganodon grandis. — Huang et al. (2018).
   = Pyganodon grandis. — Lopes-Lima et al. (2017).
   = Pyganodon grandis (Say, 1829). — Lopes-Lima et al. (2017).
   = Pyganodon grandis. — Araujo et al. (2017).
   = Pyganodon grandis (Say, 1829). — Bolotov et al. (2017).
   = Pyganodon grandis. — Burzynski et al. (2017).

Anodonta grandis Say, 1829.
Say, 1829, New Harm. Dissem.: 341, sp. 3.
Say, 1858, [in] Binney, Compl. Writings T. Say: 139.
Type(s): NEOTYPE SMF_4300, Ohio, U.S.A.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta lugubris Say, 1829.
Say, 1829, New Harm. Dissem.: 340, sp. 2.
Say, 1858, [in] Binney, Compl. Writings T. Say: 138.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta inflata Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 6.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 81.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta inflata var. fuscata Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 6.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 82.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Anodonta inflata Rafinesque, 1831)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta inflata var. viridis Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 6.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 82.
(prim. homonym of Anodonta viridis Rafinesque, 1820; intro'd as intra-sp. of Anodonta inflata Rafinesque, 1831)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta inflata var. zonalis Rafinesque, 1831.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 6.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 82.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Anodonta inflata Rafinesque, 1831)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta corpulenta Cooper, 1834.
Cooper, 1834, Narr. Exped. Upper Miss., Appendix: 154.
Type(s): UNKNOWN USNM_86677, [no locality available - North America].
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta declivis Conrad, 1834.
Conrad, 1834, Amer. J. Sci.: 341, pl. 1, fig. 11.
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 263.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta palna Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 48.
(incorrect original spelling of Anodonta plana Lea, 1834)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86626, Bear Grass Creek, near Louisville, Ky.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta plana Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 48 [as ‘palna’], pl. 7, fig. 18.
(correct name for Anodonta palna Lea, 1834)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86626, Bear Grass Creek, near Louisville, Ky.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta stewartiana Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 47 [159], pl. 6, fig. 17.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86664, Bayou Teche, Louisiana.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Symphynota benedictensis Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 104, pl. 16, fig. 48.
(renamed Margaron benedictii Lea, 1870)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86381, Lake Champlain, Vermont.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta pepinianus Lea, 1838.
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 96, pl. 16, fig. 51.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86440, Lake Pepin, Ohio.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta salmonia Lea, 1838.
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 51 [nomen nudum].
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 45, pl. 14, fig. 41.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86540, Poland, Ohio.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta decora Lea, 1838.
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 52 [nomen nudum].
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 64, pl. 20, fig. 63.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86633, canal, near Cincinnati, Ohio.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta gigantea Lea, 1838.
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 52 [nomen nudum].
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 1 [1], pl. 1, fig. 1.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (MONOTYPY) USNM_86659, Port Gibson, Mississippi.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta ovata Lea, 1838.
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 52 [nomen nudum].
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 2, pl. 2, fig. 2.
(prim. homonym of Anodonta ovata Stark, 1822)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86615, Marietta, Ohio.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta footiana Lea, 1840.
Lea, 1840, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 289.
Lea, 1842, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 225 [63], pl. 20, fig. 44.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86468, Fort Winnebago.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta harpethensis Lea, 1840.
Lea, 1840, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 289.
Lea, 1842, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 224 [62], pl. 19, fig. 42.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86657, Harpeth R., Tenn.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta maryattana Lea, 1840.
Lea, 1840, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 289 [as ‘maryattiana’].
Lea, 1842, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 226, pl. 20, fig. 45.
(correct name for Anodonta maryattiana Lea, 1840)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta maryattiana Lea, 1840.
Lea, 1840, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 289.
(incorrect original spelling of Anodonta maryattana Lea, 1840)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta globosa Lea, 1841.
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 52 [nomen nudum].
Lea, 1841, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 31.
Lea, 1842, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 241 [79], pl. 24, fig. 56.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86701, Concha Lake, 20 leagues S Vera Cruz near Tlocatalpan, Mexico.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta nilssonii Küster, 1842.
Küster, 1842, Conch. Cab. Anodonta: 61, pl. 17, figs. 3-4 [in part].
(mis-ID'd reference to Anodonta nilssonii Küster, 1842)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta sulcata Küster, 1842.
‘Lamarck’ Küster, 1842, Conch. Cab. Anodonta: 62, pl. 18, fig. 1.
(mis-ID'd reference to Anodonta sulcata Lamarck, 1819)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodon (Pseudodon) stewartii Gould, 1844.
Gould, 1844, Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist.: 161.
(error for Anodonta stewartiana Lea, 1834)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta cultrata Lea, 1852.
‘Gould’ Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 47.
(intro'd as syn of Anodonta cultrata Lea, 1852)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta inflata Lea, 1836.
‘Major Le Conte’s Cabinet’ Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 52 [nomen nudum].
‘Major Le Conte’s Cabinet’ Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 51 [nomen nudum].
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta linnaeana Lea, 1852.
Lea, 1852, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 289 [45], pl. 27, fig. 51 [as ‘linnæana’].
(correct name for Anodonta linnaena Lea, 1852)
Type(s): FIGURED SYNTYPE USNM_86702, Lake Concordia, Louisiana.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta linnaena Lea, 1852.
Lea, 1852, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 289 [45] [as ‘linnæna’].
(incorrect original spelling of Anodonta linnaeana Lea, 1852)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta opaca Lea, 1852.
Lea, 1852, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 285, pl. 25, fig. 46.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_128835, New Orleans.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta virens Lea, 1852.
Lea, 1852, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 290 [46], pl. 28, fgi. 53.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86666, Red R., Alexandria, Louisiana.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta harpenthis Conrad, 1853.
‘Lea’ Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 264.
(error for Anodonta harpethensis Lea, 1840)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta linneana Conrad, 1853.
‘Lea’ Of Authors.
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 264.
Hanley, 1856, Cat. Rec. Bivalve Shells, Suppl.: 387.
Sowerby, 1870, Conch. Icon.: pl. 35, sp. 144.
Simpson, 1900, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus.: 646.
Simpson, 1914, Descr. Cat. Naiades: 431.
Frierson, 1927, Check List N. Amer. Naiades: 14.
Haas, 1969, Das Tierreich: 364.
Parmalee & Bogan, 1998, The Freshwater Mussels of Tennessee: 206.
Watters et al., 2009, Freshw. Mussels OH: 260.
(error for Anodonta linnaeana Lea, 1852)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta marryattana Conrad, 1853.
‘Lea’ Of Authors.
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 264.
Sowerby, 1870, Conch. Icon.: pl. 28, sp. 111.
Simpson, 1900, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus.: 642.
Simpson, 1914, Descr. Cat. Naiades: 422.
F.C. Baker, 1928, Bull. Wisconsin Geol. Nat. Hist. Survey: 157.
Haas, 1969, Das Tierreich: 365.
(error for Anodonta maryattana Lea, 1840)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta lewisii Lea, 1857.
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 84.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 362 [44], pl. 62, fig. 187.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86595, Mohawk, N.Y.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta danielsii Lea, 1858.
Lea, 1858, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 139.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 365 [47], pl. 63, fig. 190.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86426, Topeka, Kas.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta gesnerii Lea, 1858.
Lea, 1858, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 139.
Lea, 1859, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 231 [49], pl. 31, fig. 109.
Type(s): TYPE USNM_86427, Uphaupee Cr., ..., Ala.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta texasensis Lea, 1859.
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 113.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 366 [48], pl. 63, fig. 191.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86680, Texas.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta fluviatilis Lapham, 1860.
Lapham, 1860, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 156.
(mis-ID'd reference to Anodonta fluviatilis Bosc, 1801)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta kennicottii Lea, 1861.
Lea, 1861, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 56.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 214 [36], pl. 33, fig. 283.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86442, N End of Lake Winnipeg.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta simpsoniana Lea, 1861.
Lea, 1861, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 56.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 212 [34], pl. 32, fig. 281.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86434, Fort Rae, Gt. Slave Lake.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta leonensis Lea, 1862.
Lea, 1862, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 169.
Lea, 1866, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 25 [29], pl. 9, fig. 24.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_87806, Leon, Texas.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta bealei Lea, 1863.
Lea, 1863, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 194.
Lea, 1866, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 26 [30], pl. 9, fig. 25.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86690, Leon Co., Texas.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta dallasiana Lea, 1863.
Lea, 1863, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 190.
Lea, 1866, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 29 [33], pl. 11, fig. 28.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86443, Mo. of Saskatchewan R., L. Winnipeg.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodon subangulata J.G. Anthony, 1865.
J.G. Anthony, 1865, Amer. J. Conch.: 158, pl. 13, fig. 1.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE MCZ_150645, Michigan.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodon subinflata J.G. Anthony, 1865.
J.G. Anthony, 1865, Amer. J. Conch.: 160, pl. 15, fig. 1 [as ‘sub-inflata’].
Type(s): HOLOTYPE MCZ_161863, [Shears Lake, Kent Co.], Michigan.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodon imbricata J.G. Anthony, 1865.
J.G. Anthony, 1865, Amer. J. Conch.: 159, pl. 14, fig. 1.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE MCZ_161861, Camp Lake, Michigan.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodon micans J.G. Anthony, 1865.
J.G. Anthony, 1865, Amer. J. Conch.: 162, pl. 16, fig. 1.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE MCZ_187290, Boundary Survey - Texas.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodon opalina J.G. Anthony, 1865.
J.G. Anthony, 1865, Amer. J. Conch.: 159, pl. 14, fig. 2.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE MCZ_150633, Shears Lake, Michigan.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodon inornata J.G. Anthony, 1866.
J.G. Anthony, 1866, Amer. J. Conch.: 145, pl. 7, fig. 1.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE MCZ_161867, Slawsons Lake, Michigan.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodon mcnielii J.G. Anthony, 1866.
J.G. Anthony, 1866, Amer. J. Conch.: 144, pl. 6, fig. 1.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE MCZ_150644, Sand Lake, Michigan.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodon subgibbosa J.G. Anthony, 1866.
J.G. Anthony, 1866, Amer. J. Conch.: 144, pl. 6, fig. 2.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodon edentulus Sowerby, 1867.
‘Lea, MS’ Sowerby, 1867, Conch. Icon.: pl. 17, sp. 60.
(mis-ID'd reference to Alasmodonta edentula Say, 1829)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodon nopalatensis Sowerby, 1867.
Sowerby, 1867, Conch. Icon.: pl. 16, sp. 58.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE BMNH_1965189, Rio Nopalata, Mexico.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta salmonea Sowerby, 1867.
‘Lea’ Of Authors.
Sowerby, 1867, Conch. Icon.: pl. 19, sp. 74.
Frierson, 1927, Check List N. Amer. Naiades: 15.
F.C. Baker, 1928, Bull. Wisconsin Geol. Nat. Hist. Survey: 155.
(error for Anodonta salmonia Lea, 1838)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta corpulentoides Lea, 1868.
Lea, 1868, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 164.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta grandioides Lea, 1868.
Lea, 1868, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 164.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodon ovata Sowerby, 1869.
‘Lea’ Sowerby, 1869, Conch. Icon.: pl. 22, sp. 85.
(reference to Anodonta ovata Lea, 1838)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Margaron (Anodonta) benedictii Lea, 1870.
Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 75.
(new name for Symphynota benedictensis Lea, 1834)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Margaron (Anodonta) marryatana Lea, 1870.
Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 82.
‘Lea’ Frierson, 1927, Check List N. Amer. Naiades: 15.
(error for Anodonta maryattana Lea, 1840)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Margaron (Anodonta) napolatensis Lea, 1870.
‘Sow.’ Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 81.
(error for Anodon nopalatensis Sowerby, 1867)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Margaron (Anodonta) subglobosa Lea, 1870.
‘Anth.’ Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 81.
(error for Anodon subgibbosa J.G. Anthony, 1866)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta pepiniana Clessin, 1874.
‘Lea’ Clessin, 1874, Conchyl. Cab.: 158, pl. 53, figs. 1-2.
(reference to Anodonta pepinianus Lea, 1838)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta hockingensis Call, 1880.
‘Moores MSS’ Call, 1880, Amer. Natural.: 530.
(intro'd as syn of Anodonta grandis Say, 1829)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta somersii Call, 1880.
‘Moores MSS’ Call, 1880, Amer. Natural.: 530.
(intro'd as syn of Anodonta grandis Say, 1829)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta houghtonensis DeCamp, 1881.
Currier, 1867, Amer. J. Conch.: 14, pl. 1, fig. 2.
Currier in DeCamp, 1881, Misc. Publ. Kent Sci. Inst.: 14, pl. 1, fig. 2.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta grijalvae Morelet, 1884.
Morelet, 1884, J. de Conch.: 123.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE BMNH_1893-2-4-2009, Rio dos Idolos, un des bras du fleuve Grijalva, Tabasco [Mexico].
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta tabascensis Morelet, 1884.
Morelet, 1884, J. de Conch.: 124.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE BMNH_93-2-4-2006, Tabasco, Mexico.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta gessneri Paetel, 1890.
‘Lea’ Paetel, 1890, Cat. Conch.-Samml.: 179.
(error for Anodonta gesnerii Lea, 1858)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta grijoloae Paetel, 1890.
‘Morl.’ Paetel, 1890, Cat. Conch.-Samml.: 180.
(error for Anodonta grijalvae Morelet, 1884)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta bealii Singley, 1893.
‘Lea’ Of Authors.
Singley, 1893, Geol. Surv. Texas: 316.
R.I. Johnson, 1980, Bull. MCZ: 92.
(error for Anodonta bealei Lea, 1863)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta tabascoensis Simpson, 1900.
‘Morelet’ Simpson, 1900, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus.: 646.
(error for Anodonta tabascensis Morelet, 1884)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta implicata Chadwick, 1906.
‘Say’ Chadwick, 1906, : 94.
(mis-ID'd reference to Anodonta implicata Say, 1829)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta dakota Frierson, 1910.
Frierson, 1910, Nautilus: 113, pl. 10.
Type(s): TYPE UMMZ_104010, Clear Lake, Ulvers Pt., Deuel Co., South Dakota.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta dakotana Utterback, 1915.
‘Frierson’ Utterback, 1915, Amer. Midl. Nat.: 265, pl. 24, figs. 77a-b.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta marginata Baker, 1920.
‘Say’ Baker, 1920, : 383.
‘Say’ F.C. Baker, 1928, Bull. Wisconsin Geol. Nat. Hist. Survey: 165.
(mis-ID'd reference to Anodonta marginata Say, 1817)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta grandis grijvalvae Haas, 1929.
‘Morelet’ Haas, 1929, Senckenbergiana: 319.
(error for Anodonta grijalvae Morelet, 1884)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Pyganodon simpsonaia Cyr et al., 2007.
‘Lea’ Cyr et al., 2007, Can. J. Zool.: 1217.
(error for Anodonta simpsoniana Lea, 1861)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
 
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