MUSSELp
 
MUSSELpdb
 
 
 

Page last updated
9 August
2018

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The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World
(and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the search fields. Either way, you win!

Taxa known only as fossils are highlighted in gray. Those without representatives in fresh waters are highlighted in gold.

 

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Bivalvia | Unionoida | Unionidae | Toxolasma | Toxolasma lividum
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NOTICE! This version of the MUSSELpdb online is no longer supported or up-to-date. It will be removed from this web site in the summer of 2019.

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Toxolasma lividus Rafinesque, 1831: taxonomic history

Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 2.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 72.

Taxonomic History
=Toxolasma lividum Rafinesque, 1831. — Williams et al. (2017: 44).
=Toxolasma lividus. — Mitchell et al. (2016: 5).
=Toxolasma lividum. — Jones (2015: 316).
=Toxolasma lividus Rafinesque, 1831. — ITIS (2012).
=Toxolasma lividum (Rafinesque, 1831). — Campbell & Lydeard (2012: 23).
=Toxolasma lividum Rafinesque, 1831. — McMurray et al. (2012: 55).
=Toxolasma lividum (Rafinesque, 1831). — IUCN (2012).
=Toxolasma lividus Rafinesque, 1831. — Haag (2012: 70).
=Toxolasma lividus. — Breton et al. (2011: 1653).
=Toxolasma lividum Rafinesque, 1831. — Bogan (2010).
=Toxolasma lividum (Rafinesque, 1831). — Watters et al. (2009: 299).
=Toxolasma lividus (Rafinesque, 1831). — Chapman et al. (2008: 306).
=Toxolasma lividus. — Chapman et al. (2008: 11).
=Toxolasma lividum (Rafinesque, 1831). — Williams et al. (2008: 719).
=Toxolasma lividus Rafinesque, 1831. — Graf & Cummings (2007: 306).
=Toxolasma lividus (Rafinesque, 1831). — Zanatta & Murphy (2006: 198).
=Toxolasma lividus (Rafinesque, 1831). — Cicerello & Schuster (2003: 50).
=Toxolasma lividus (Rafinesque, 1831). — Roe & Hoeh (2003: 110).
=Toxolasma lividus Rafinesque, 1831. — Bogan (2002: 11).
=Toxolasma lividus (Rafinesque, 1831). — Hoeh et al. (2002: 127).
=Toxolasma lividus (Raf., 1831). — Graf (2002: 189).
=Toxolasma lividus (Rafinesque, 1831). — Hoeh et al. (2001: 260).
=Toxolasma lividus Rafinesque, 1831. — Bogan & Hoeh (2000: 162).
=Toxolasma lividus (Rafinesque). — Lydeard et al. (1999: 130).
=Toxolasma lividus Rafinesque, 1831. — Turgeon et al. (1998: 37).
=Toxolasma lividus Rafinesque, 1831. — Parmalee & Bogan (1998: 230).
=Toxolasma lividus (Rafinesque). — Williams et al. (1993: 14).
=Toxolasma lividus (Rafinesque, 1831). — Cummings & Mayer (1992: 132).
=Toxolasma lividus Rafinesque, 1831. — Turgeon et al. (1988: 33).
+Carunculina glans (Lea, 1831). — R.I. Johnson (1980: 94).
*** NO OPINION *** — Burch (1975: 166).
=Toxolasma livida Rafinesque, 1831. — Morrison (1969: 24).
+Carunculina glans (Lea, 1831). — Haas (1969: 429).
=Toxelasma lividum (Rafinesque). — Thiele (1934: 835).
*** NO OPINION *** — F.C. Baker (1928: 251).
?Carunculina glans (Lea, 1831). — Frierson (1927: 88).
?Carunculina m┼ôsta (Lea, 1841). — Ortmann & Walker (1922: 54).
*** OMITTED *** — Simpson (1914).
*** NO OPINION *** — Lea (1870: 92).
*** NO OPINION *** — Lea (1852: 57).
*** NO OPINION *** — Lea (1836: 59).
=Unio lividus Raf. — Ferussac (1835: 29).
=Toxolasma lividus Rafinesque, 1831. — Rafinesque (1831: 2).

= Toxolasma lividum

 
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