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Page last updated
9 August
2018

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The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World
(and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the search fields. Either way, you win!

Taxa known only as fossils are highlighted in gray. Those without representatives in fresh waters are highlighted in gold.

 

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Bivalvia | Unionoida | Unionidae
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Pleurobema Rafinesque, 1819: generic synonymy
  View species list: 31 species

Pleurobema Rafinesque, 1819.
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat.: 427.
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys.: 313 [as ‘Pleurobema’].
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 29, 56.
(intro'd as sub-gen. of Unio Retzius, 1788)
Type species: Pleurobema mytiloides Rafinesque, 1820 (sub. desig. by Herrmannsen, 1847: 291) = Pleurobema clava.

 
Aximedia Rafinesque, 1820.
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys.: 296.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 3.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 41, 75.
(intro'd as sub-gen. of Unio Retzius, 1788)
Type species: Unio (Aximedia) elliptica Rafinesque, 1820 (sub. desig. by Fischer, 1886: 1000) = Pleurobema clava.

 
Scalenaria Rafinesque, 1820.
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys.: 309.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 3.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 52, 76.
(intro'd as sub-gen. of Obliquaria Rafinesque, 1820)
Type species: Obliquaria (Scalenaria) scalenia Rafinesque, 1820 (sub. desig. by Herrmannsen, 1848: 422) = Pleurobema clava.

 
Scatenaria Rafinesque, 1820.
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys.: 419.
(error for Scalenaria Rafinesque, 1820)

 
Sintoxia Rafinesque, 1820.
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys.: 310.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 3.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 53, 75.
(intro'd as sub-gen. of Obliquaria Rafinesque, 1820)
Type species: Obliquaria (Sintoxia) sintoxia Rafinesque, 1820 (tautonomy) = Pleurobema sintoxia.

 
Syntoxia Agassiz, 1846.
Agassiz, 1846, Nomencl. Zool. Index Univ.: 359.
(new name for Sintoxia Rafinesque, 1820)

 
Syntonia Schaufuss, 1869.
Schaufuss, 1869, Moll. Syst. Cat. Paetel: 21.
(error for Sintoxia Rafinesque, 1820)

 
Sintoina Paetel, 1875.
Paetel, 1875, Fam. Gatt. Moll.: 191.
(error for Sintoxia Rafinesque, 1820)

 
Pleurobenea Salisbury, 1948.
Salisbury, 1948, Zool. Rec.: 82.
(error for Pleurobema Rafinesque, 1819)

 
Lintoxia Haas, 1969.
‘Rafinesque’ Haas, 1969, Treatise on Invert. Paleo: N439.
(error for Sintoxia Rafinesque, 1820)

 
Lyntoxia Haas, 1969.
‘Rafinesque’ Haas, 1969, Treatise on Invert. Paleo: N439.
(error for Syntoxia Agassiz, 1846)

 
 
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