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Page last updated
9 August
2018

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The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World
(and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the search fields. Either way, you win!

Taxa known only as fossils are highlighted in gray. Those without representatives in fresh waters are highlighted in gold.

 

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Bivalvia | Unionoida | Unionidae | Pleurobema
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NOTICE! This version of the MUSSELpdb online is no longer supported or up-to-date. It will be removed from this web site in the summer of 2019.

Click here to view these data in the current, updated version. Or, click here to browse from the starting page.

Pleurobema sintoxia (Rafinesque, 1820): species synonymy
  View specimens: 8 specimens, Red List Status: least concern

   Recent References
   = Pleurobema sintoxia (Rafinesque, 1820). — Bolotov et al. (2018).
   = Pleurobema sintoxia (Rafinesque, 1820). — Bolotov et al. (2017).
   = Pleurobema sintoxia (Rafinesque, 1820). — Williams et al. (2017).
   = Pleurobema sintoxia (Rafinesque, 1820). — Lopes-Lima et al. (2017).
   = Pleurobema sintoxia (Rafinesque, 1820). — Bolotov et al. (2017).
   = Pleurobema sintoxia. — Perkins et al. (2017).
   = Pleurobema sintoxia. — Pfeiffer et al. (2016).
   = Pleurobema sintoxia (Rafinesque, 1820). — Zieritz et al. (2013).
   = Pleurobema (Sintoxia) sintoxia (Rafinesque, 1820). — Campbell & Lydeard (2012).
   = Pleurobema sintoxia (Rafinesque, 1820). — IUCN (2012).

Unio (Obovaria) syntoxis Rafinesque, 1819.
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat.: 427 [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 29.
(incorrect original spelling of Obliquaria sintoxia Rafinesque, 1820)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Obliquaria (Scalenaria) triangularis Rafinesque, 1820.
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys.: 309.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 53.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Obliquaria (Scalenaria) triangularis var. nigrescens Rafinesque, 1820.
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys.: 309.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 53.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Obliquaria triangularis Rafinesque, 1820)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Obliquaria (Sintoxia) sintoxia Rafinesque, 1820.
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat.: 427 [as ‘U. (Obovaria) syntoxis’] [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys.: 310.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 29, 54.
(correct name for Unio syntoxis Rafinesque, 1819)
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20208, Ohio River.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio catillus Conrad, 1836.
Conrad, 1836, Monogr. Fam. Unionidae: 30, pl. 13, fig. 2.
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 246.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio coccineus Conrad, 1836.
‘Hildreth’ Conrad, 1836, Monogr. Fam. Unionidae: 29, pl. 13, fig. 1.
‘Hildreth’ Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 247.
Type(s): FIGURED SYNTYPE USNM_85848, Columbus, Ohio.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio coccineus Lea, 1838.
“Dr. Hildreth’s Letter” Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 34 [nomen nudum].
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 12, pl. 5, fig. 12.
(prim. homonym of Unio coccineus Conrad, 1836)
Type(s): FIGURED SYNTYPE USNM_85848, Columbus, Ohio.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio cuneus Conrad, 1838.
Conrad, 1838, Monogr. Fam. Unionidae: back cover.
Conrad, 1840, Monogr. Fam. Unionidae: 105, pl. 58, fig. 1.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (MONOTYPY) ANSP_41645, Arkansas River.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio solidus Lea, 1838.
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 20 [nomen nudum].
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 13, pl. 5, fig. 13.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio cardiacea Deshayes, 1839.
‘Guérin’ Deshayes, 1839, Traité Élém. Conchyl.: 19, pl. 31, figs. 1-2.
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio cardiacea Guérin, 1823)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio gouldianus Jay, 1839.
Ward in Jay, 1839, Cat. Rec. Shells: 24 [nomen nudum].
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio fulgidus Lea, 1845.
Lea, 1845, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 164.
Lea, 1848, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 73 [47], pl. 4, fig. 10.
Type(s): FIGURED SYNTYPE USNM_84649, Alexandria, La.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio obovalis Conrad, 1853.
‘Rafinesque’ Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 253.
(mis-ID'd reference to Obovaria obovalis Rafinesque, 1820)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio mytiloides Lapham, 1860.
Lapham, 1860, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 156.
(mis-ID'd reference to Pleurobema mytiloides Rafinesque, 1820)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio obliquus Lapham, 1860.
‘Lamarck’ Of Authors.
Lapham, 1860, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 156.
Baker, 1905, Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis: 256.
Ortmann, 1919, Mem. Carnegie Mus.: 73 [in part].
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio obliqua Lamarck, 1819)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio pyramidatus Call, 1885.
Call, 1885, : 46.
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio pyramidatus Lea, 1831)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio catilus B.H. Wright, 1888.
B.H. Wright, 1888, Check List: unnumbered p. 2.
Ortmann, 1924, Amer. Midl. Nat.: 38.
(error for Unio catillus Conrad, 1836)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio cuneus Call, 1895.
Call, 1895, Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis: 14.
(reference to Unio cuneus Conrad, 1838)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Quadrula kirtlandiana Simpson, 1900.
‘Conrad’ Simpson, 1900, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus.: 791 [in part].
‘Conrad’ Simpson, 1914, Descr. Cat. Naiades: 891 [in part].
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio kirtlandianus Lea, 1834)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Quadrula pyramidata Simpson, 1900.
‘Lea’ Simpson, 1900, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus.: 789 [in part].
Chadwick, 1906, : 97.
‘Lea’ Simpson, 1914, Descr. Cat. Naiades: 889 [in part].
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio pyramidatus Lea, 1831)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) coccinea var. paupercula Simpson, 1900.
Simpson, 1900, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus.: 789.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio coccineus Conrad, 1836; sec. homonym of Unio pauperculus Lea, 1861; renamed Quadrula magnalacustris Simpson, 1914)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Pleurobema missouriensis Marsh, 1901.
Marsh, 1901, Nautilus: 74.
Walker, 1915, Nautilus: 140, pl. 5, figs. 1-2.
Type(s): FIGURED SYNTYPE UMMZ_113527, Black River, Poplar Bluff, Butler Co., Missouri.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Quadrula (sec. Fusconaia) coccinea var. magnalacustris Simpson, 1914.
Simpson, 1914, Descr. Cat. Naiades: 884.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio coccineus Conrad, 1836; new name for Quadrula paupercula Simpson, 1900)
Type(s): LECTOTYPE USNM_133834, Niagara Riv., 3 mi above Falls.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Pleurobema missourense Utterback, 1915.
‘Marsh’ Utterback, 1915, Amer. Midl. Nat.: 195.
(error for Pleurobema missouriensis Marsh, 1901)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Pleurobema coccineum var. mississippiensis F.C. Baker, 1928.
F.C. Baker, 1928, Bull. Wisconsin Geol. Nat. Hist. Survey: 121, pl. 53, figs. 1-5.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio coccineus Conrad, 1836)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (ORIG. DESIG.) INHS_82273, Lake Pepin, Wisconsin.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
 
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