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Page last updated
9 August
2018

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The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World
(and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the search fields. Either way, you win!

Taxa known only as fossils are highlighted in gray. Those without representatives in fresh waters are highlighted in gold.

 

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Bivalvia | Unionoida | Iridinidae | Mutela
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NOTICE! This version of the MUSSELpdb online is no longer supported or up-to-date. It will be removed from this web site in the summer of 2019.

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Mutela dubia (Gmelin, 1791): species synonymy
  View specimens: 334 specimens, Red List Status: least concern

   Recent References
   = Mutela dubia. — Huang et al. (2018).
   = Mutela dubia. — Guerra et al. (2017).
   = Mutela dubia. — Araujo et al. (2017).
   = Mutela dubia (Gmelin, 1791). — Schulteiß et al. (2011).
   = Mutela dubia (Gmelin, 1791). — Graf & Cummings (2011).
   = Mutela dubia. — Van Damme et al. (2010).
   + Mutela dubia emini. — IUCN (2010).
   = Mutela dubia (Gmelin, 1791). — Van Damme & Pickford (2010).
   = Mutela dubia Gmelin, 1791. — Bogan (2010).
   + Mutela dubia nilotica. — IUCN (2010).

Mytilus dubius Gmelin, 1791.
Adanson, 1757, Hist. Nat. Sénégal, Coquillages: 234, pl. 17, fig. 21 [as ‘le mutel’] [pre-linnaean].
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat.: 3363, sp. 56.
(renamed Anodonta adansonii Gray, 1825)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Iridina exotica Lamarck, 1819.
Bruguière, 1797, Encycl. Méth.: pl. 204, figs. 1a-b [as Anodontites sp.].
Lamarck, 1819, Hist. Natur. Anim. sans Vert.: 89, sp. 1.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Iridina elongata Sowerby, 1821.
Sowerby, 1821, Genera of Shells: Abb. 1.
Sowerby, 1839, Conch. Man.: 54, fig. 150.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Iridina nilotica Cailliaud, 1823.
Cailliaud, 1823, Voyage à Meroe, Atlas: pl. 60, fig. 11.
Sowerby, 1824, Zool. Jour.: 53, pl. 2.
Type(s): SYNTYPE MNHN_MP_0280, Bahr Yousef, Egypte.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Iridina striata Swainson, 1823.
Swainson, 1823, Philos. Mag. & J.: 112.
Oken, 1834, Isis (Oken): 458.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Anodonta adansonii Gray, 1825.
Gray, 1825, Ann. Phil.: 138.
(new name for Mytilus dubius Gmelin, 1791)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Mutela oudnoei Koenig, 1826.
Koenig, 1826, [in] Denham & Clapperton, Narr. Travels Africa, Appendix: 254.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Iridina mutel Rang, 1835.
Adanson, 1757, Hist. Nat. Sénégal, Coquillages: 234, pl. 17, fig. 21 [as ‘le mutel’] [pre-linnaean].
Rang, 1835, Nouv. Ann. Mus.: 314.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Spatha cailliaudi Martens, 1866.
‘Parr.’ Martens, 1866, Malak. Blatt.: 10.
(intro'd as syn of Iridina nilotica Cailliaud, 1823)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Spatha (Mutela) plicata Martens, 1866.
‘Parreyss in collect.’ Martens, 1866, Malak. Blatt.: 10.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Iridina angustata Sowerby, 1868.
Sowerby, 1868, Conch. Icon.: pl. 2, sp. 5.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Mycetopus plicatus Sowerby, 1868.
‘Gray?, MS” Sowerby, 1868, Conch. Icon.: pl. 2, sp. 3.
(sec. homonym of Spatha plicata Martens, 1866)
Type(s): MANUSCRIPT NAME BMNH_46-7-24-18, Syene, Egypt.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Mutela adansoni Jousseaume, 1886.
‘Bourguignat’ Jousseaume, 1886, Bull. Soc. Zool. France: 488.
(reference to Anodonta adansonii Gray, 1825)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Mutela letourneuxi Servain, 1890.
Servain, 1890, Bull. Soc. Malac. France: 303 [nomen nudum].
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Mutela saulcyi Servain, 1890.
Servain, 1890, Bull. Soc. Malac. France: 303 [nomen nudum].
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Mutela chambardi Servain, 1890.
Servain, 1890, Bull. Soc. Malac. France: 303 [nomen nudum].
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Mutela conica Servain, 1890.
Servain, 1890, Bull. Soc. Malac. France: 303 [nomen nudum].
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Mutela elongata Morgan, 1897.
‘Sowerby’ Morgan, 1897, Recherch. origin. Egypte II: 99.
(reference to Iridina elongata Sowerby, 1821)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Mutela nilotica var. emini Martens, 1897.
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr.: 253.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Iridina nilotica Cailliaud, 1823)
Type(s): SYNTYPES ZMB_108807, Kassenye, Albert Nyanza.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Mutela chevalieri Germain, 1904.
Germain, 1904, Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat.: 469.
Germain, 1907, L’Afrique Centrale Française: 566, lithograph, fig. 1.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE MNHN_MP_0203, Haut Oubangui.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Mutela angustata var. curta Germain, 1906.
Germain, 1906, Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat.: 174.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Iridina angustata Sowerby, 1868)
Type(s): SYNTYPES MNHN_MP_0197, Lac Tchad.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Mutela angustata var. ponderosa Germain, 1906.
Germain, 1906, Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat.: 56, Abb. 1.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Iridina angustata Sowerby, 1868)
Type(s): SYNTYPES MNHN_MP_0292, Lac Chad.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Pliodon (Cameronia) hardeleti Germain, 1906.
Germain, 1906, Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat.: 57, fig. 2.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Pliodon (Cameronia) tchadiensis Germain, 1906.
Germain, 1906, Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat.: 60, fig. 4.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE MNHN_MP_0301, Lac Tchad.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Pliodon (Cameronia) hardeleti var. molli Germain, 1906.
Germain, 1906, Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat.: 58, Abb. 3.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Pliodon hardeleti Germain, 1906)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE MNHN_MP_0225, Lac Tchad.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Mutelina falemeensis Germain, 1907.
Germain, 1907, Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat.: 67.
Germain, 1907, L’Afrique Centrale Française: 569, fig. 96.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE MNHN_MP_0245, Fleuve Faleme, Senegal.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Mutelina mabillei [sic] var. frasi Germain, 1907.
Germain, 1907, Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat.: 68.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Mutelina mabilli Rochebrune, 1886)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Mutela angustata mut. grisea Germain, 1917.
Germain, 1917, Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat.: 520.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Iridina angustata Sowerby, 1868)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Mutelina singularis Pallary, 1924.
Pallary, 1924, Mém. Inst. Égypte: 53, pl. 4, fig. 17.
Type(s): UNKNOWN UMMZ_111999, Canal Mahmoudich, Egypt.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Mutela (s.s.) garambae Pilsbry & Bequaert, 1927.
Pilsbry & Bequaert, 1927, Bull. AMNH: 431, pl. 40, figs. 1-2.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (ORIG. DESIG.) AMNH_72067, Middle Garambe River, Belgian Congo (Zaire), Africa.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Mutela (s.s.) garambae praetenuis Pilsbry & Bequaert, 1927.
Pilsbry & Bequaert, 1927, Bull. AMNH: 432, pl. 40, fig. 3 [as ‘prætenuis’].
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Mutela garambae Pilsbry & Bequaert, 1927)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (ORIG. DESIG.) AMNH_72066, Aba River, Africa.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Iridina tschadiensis Jaeckel, 1972.
‘Germain’ Jaeckel, 1972, Zeitschr. f. Geomorphol.: 225.
(error for Pliodon tchadiensis Germain, 1906)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Mutela voltae Odei, 1974.
Odei, 1974, Rev. Zool. Afr.: 446, figs. 1-4.
Type(s): PARATYPES MRAC_799163, Ghana: lac Volta, Zikpo.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Iridina nilensis in MNHN Coll. .
in MNHN Coll. Of Authors.
Type(s): MANUSCRIPT NAME MNHN_MP_0577, [no locality available - Africa].
  View Taxonomic History.
 
 
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