Page last updated
Fri 03 May 2019

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

Search the database pages:

Palearctic Region

Palearctic Subregions

Palearctica extends from the British and Irish Isles and northern Africa to Siberia and Japan. We currently recognize only 66 species (22 genera) from that whole region. However, as we have discussed elsewhere, malacologists using the Comparatory Method have estimated a significantly higher diversity. The Palearctic assemblage is represented by two families: Unionidae and Margaritiferidae.

The Palearctic is divided among five subregions. The Europe Subregion (PA1; 8 gen, 26 spp.) extends from the Atlantic to the Ural Mountains, including northern Africa. The Middle East Subregion (PA2; 6 gen, 10 spp.) is composed of the streams of the Levant and the Tigris-Euphrates System. The large, relatively depauperate internal basins of Central Asia and middle Russia form the Central Subregion (PA3; 2 gen, 3 spp.). The Amur-Beringia Subregion (PA4; 13 gen, 21 spp.) includes the Amur River, Primorye, Korea, and northern China to Magadan and Kamchatka. On the Pacific side, the Japan-Sakhalin Subregion (PA5; 11 gen, 18 spp.) includes all the islands of Japan, Sakhalin Island and the southern Kurils.

Click here to find more information about problems associated with estimating Palearctic freshwater mussel diveristy.

Endemic species are marked with an asterisk (*).

Europe Subregion (PA1)
  1. Anodonta anatina
  2. Anodonta cygnea*
  3. Anodonta exulcerata*
  4. Margaritifera margaritifera
  5. Microcondylaea bonellii*
  6. Potomida acarnanica*
  7. Potomida littoralis*
  8. Pseudanodonta complanata*
  9. Pseudanodonta elongata*
  10. Pseudanodonta middendorffi*
  11. Pseudunio auricularius*
  12. Pseudunio marocanus*
  13. Sinanodonta woodiana
  1. Unio bruguierianus
  2. Unio crassus
  3. Unio delphinus*
  4. Unio durieui*
  5. Unio elongatulus*
  6. Unio foucauldianus*
  7. Unio gibbus*
  8. Unio ionicus*
  9. Unio mancus*
  10. Unio pictorum
  11. Unio ravoisieri*
  12. Unio tumidiformis*
  13. Unio tumidus*
Middle East Subregion (PA2)
  1. Anodonta pseudodopsis*
  2. Anodonta vescoiana*
  3. Leguminaia saulcyi*
  4. Leguminaia wheatleyi*
  5. Potomida semirugata*
  1. Pseudodontopsis euphraticus*
  2. Pseudunio homsensis*
  3. Unio bruguierianus
  4. Unio crassus
  5. Unio tigridis*
Central Asia Subregion (PA3)
  1. Anodonta anatina
  2. Anodonta cyrea*
  1. Sinanodonta woodiana
Amur-Beringia Subregion (PA4)
  1. Aculamprotula coreana*
  2. Anemina arcaeformis
  3. Anemina euscaphys
  4. Cristaria beirensis*
  5. Cristaria plicata
  6. Inversidens pantoensis
  7. Inversiunio verrucosus*
  8. Lamprotula gottschei
  9. Lanceolaria acrorrhyncha*
  10. Lanceolaria cylindrica*
  11. Lanceolaria grayii
  1. Margaritifera dahurica*
  2. Margaritifera middendorffi
  3. Nodularia douglasiae
  4. Nodularia mongolica*
  5. Parvasolenaia triangularis
  6. Pronodularia seomjinensis*
  7. Sinanodonta beringiana
  8. Sinanodonta japonica
  9. Sinanodonta woodiana
  10. Unio pictorum
Japan-Sakhalin Subregion (PA5)
  1. Anemina arcaeformis
  2. Cristaria plicata
  3. Inversidens brandtii*
  4. Inversiunio jokohamensis*
  5. Inversiunio reinianus*
  6. Inversiunio yanagawensis*
  7. Lanceolaria oxyrhyncha*
  8. Margaritifera laevis*
  9. Margaritifera middendorffi
  1. Nodularia douglasiae
  2. Pronodularia japanensis*
  3. Pseudodon omiensis*
  4. Sinanodonta calipygos*
  5. Sinanodonta japonica
  6. Sinanodonta lauta*
  7. Sinanodonta ogurae*
  8. Sinanodonta woodiana
  9. Sinohyriopsis schlegelii*

Page updated: 14:52:09 Fri 03 May 2019

NSF icon MUSSEL icon
"Making the world a better place, one mollusk at a time."