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Page last updated
Wed 06 Nov 2019

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

This page documents data for ITIS (2012), such as genera and species attributed to that publication (including known misspellings, misidentifications, and other unavailable names) as well as taxonomic opinions, if available. Taxonomic opinions refer to uses of genera and species as valid and invalid in that work.

Search the database pages:

Publication information

ITIS. 2012. Integrated Taxonomic Information System: .

Click here for online access.

Attributed Species Names

Unio kirklandianus Hanley, 1843
Hanley, 1843, Illustr. Descr. Cat. Rec. Bivalve Shells: 203.
ITIS, 2012, ITIS: [web].
(error for Unio kirtlandianus Lea, 1834)

Unio texasensis Lea, 1860
‘Lea’ of Authors.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 359.
Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 59.
Simpson, 1900, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 22: 563.
Ortmann, 1915, Nautilus 28(12): 141.
Utterback, 1916, Amer. Midl. Nat. 4(9): 398.
Gordon et al., 1979, Bull. AMU (1979): 35, Table 3.
Cummings & Mayer, 1992, Freshw. Mussels Midwest (5): 134.
Vidrine, 1993, Histr. Distr. Freshw. Mussels LA: 169.
R.I. Johnson, 1999, Occ. Pap. Moll. 6(77): 34.
Bogan, 2010, FADA: [web].
ITIS, 2012, ITIS: [web].
Haag, 2012, N. Amer. Freshw. Mussels: 70 [as ‘Toxolasma texasensis’].
McMurray et al., 2012, Mo. Freshw. Mussels: 57 [as ‘Toxolasma texasense’].
Marshall et al., 2018, Amer. Malac. Bull. 36(1): 44.
(error for Unio texasiensis Lea, 1857)

Pleurobema similans Johnson, 1905
Johnson, 1905, Science 31(537): 590.
ITIS, 2012, ITIS: [web].
(error for Unio simulans Lea, 1871)

Elliptio macmichaeli Haas, 1969
Clench & Turner of Authors.
Haas, 1969, Das Tierreich 88: 232.
ITIS, 2012, ITIS: [web].
(error for Elliptio mcmichaeli Clench & Turner, 1956)

Dysnomia nodicella ITIS, 2012
ITIS, 2012, ITIS: [web].
(error for Unio modicellus Lea, 1859)

Elliptio monichaeli ITIS, 2012
ITIS, 2012, ITIS: [web].
(error for Elliptio mcmichaeli Clench & Turner, 1956)

Fusconaia subrotunda lesueriana ITIS, 2012
‘Lea’ ITIS, 2012, ITIS: [web].
(error for Unio lesueurianus Lea, 1840)

Megalonaias nicklineana ITIS, 2012
ITIS, 2012, ITIS: [web].
(error for Unio nicklinianus Lea, 1834)

Taxonomic Opinions

Actinonaias carinata carinata Barnes, 1823

Actinonaias carinata gibba Simpson

Actinonaias ligamentina (Lamarck, 1819)

Actinonaias pectorosa (Conrad, 1834)

Alasmidonta arcula (I. Lea, 1838)

Alasmidonta atropurpurea (Rafinesque, 1831)

Alasmidonta calceolus Lea

Alasmidonta heterodon (I. Lea, 1830)

Alasmidonta marginata Say, 1818

Alasmidonta mccordi Athearn, 1964

Alasmidonta minor

Alasmidonta raveneliana (I. Lea, 1834)

Alasmidonta robusta Clarke, 1981

Alasmidonta triangulata (I. Lea, 1858)

Alasmidonta undulata (Say, 1817)

Alasmidonta varicosa (Lamarck, 1819)

Alasmidonta viridis (Rafinesque, 1820)

Alasmidonta wrightiana (Walker, 1901)

Amblema costata Rafinesque, 1832

Amblema elliottii (I. Lea, 1856)

Amblema neislerii (I. Lea, 1858)

Amblema plicata (Say, 1817)

Anodonta beringiana Middendorff, 1851

Anodonta californiensis I. Lea, 1852

Anodonta cataracta marginata

Anodonta couperiana I. Lea, 1840

Anodonta dejecta Lewis, 1875

Anodonta grandis corpulenta Cooper

Anodonta grandis simpsoniana Lea

Anodonta heardi M.E. Gordon & Hoeh, 1995

Anodonta implicata Say, 1829

Anodonta kennerlyi I. Lea, 1860

Anodonta nuttalliana Lea, 1838

Anodonta oregonensis I. Lea, 1838

Anodonta suborbiculata Say, 1831

Anodontoides ferussacianus (I. Lea, 1834)

Anodontoides radiatus (Conrad, 1834)

Arcidens confragosus (Say, 1829)

Arkansia wheeleri Ortmann & Walker, 1912

Corbicula fluminalis (O.F. Müller, 1774)

Corbicula fluminea (O.F. Müller, 1774)

Corbicula manilensis Philippi

Cumberlandia monodonta (Say, 1829)

Cyclonaias tuberculata (Rafinesque, 1820)

Cyprogenia aberti (Conrad, 1850)

Cyprogenia irrorata irrorata Lea

Cyprogenia irrorata pusilla Simpson

Cyprogenia stegaria (Rafinesque, 1820)

Cyrtonaias tampicoensis tampicoensis (Lea, 1838)

Disconaias salinasensis (Simpson, 1908)

Dromus dromas caperatus Lea

Dromus dromas dromas (Lea, 1834)

Dysnomia nodicella [sic]

Dysnomia sulcata sulcata Lea

Ellipsaria lineolata (Rafinesque, 1820)

Elliptio ahenea (I. Lea, 1843)

Elliptio angustata (I. Lea, 1831)

Elliptio arca (Conrad, 1834)

Elliptio arctata (Conrad, 1834)

Elliptio chipolaensis (Walker, 1905)

Elliptio cistellaeformis (Lea, 1863)

Elliptio complanata (Lightfoot, 1786)

Elliptio congaraea (I. Lea, 1831)

Elliptio crassidens (Lamarck, 1819)

Elliptio dariensis (I. Lea, 1842)

Elliptio dilatata (Rafinesque, 1820)

Elliptio downiei (I. Lea, 1858)

Elliptio errans (I. Lea, 1834) [sic]

Elliptio fisheriana (I. Lea, 1838)

Elliptio folliculata (I. Lea, 1838)

Elliptio fraterna (I. Lea, 1852)

Elliptio hepatica (I. Lea, 1859)

Elliptio hopetonensis (I. Lea, 1838)

Elliptio icterina (Conrad, 1834)

Elliptio jayensis (I. Lea, 1838)

Elliptio judithae Clarke, 1986

Elliptio lanceolata (I. Lea, 1828)

Elliptio lugubris (I. Lea, 1834)

Elliptio marsupiobesa Fuller, 1972

Elliptio monichaeli [sic]

Elliptio monroensis (I. Lea, 1843)

Elliptio nigella (I. Lea, 1852)

Elliptio producta (Conrad, 1836)

Elliptio raveneli (Conrad, 1834)

Elliptio roanokensis (I. Lea, 1838)

Elliptio shepardiana (I. Lea, 1834)

Elliptio spinosa (I. Lea, 1836)

Elliptio steinstansana R.I. Johnson & Clarke, 1983

Elliptio waccamawensis (I. Lea, 1863)

Elliptio waltoni (Wright, 1888)

Elliptoideus sloatianus (I. Lea, 1840)

Epioblasma arcaeformis (I. Lea, 1831)

Epioblasma biemarginata (I. Lea, 1857)

Epioblasma brevidens (I. Lea, 1831)

Epioblasma capsaeformis (I. Lea, 1834)

Epioblasma flexuosa (Rafinesque, 1820)

Epioblasma florentina curtisii (Frierson & Utterback, 1916)

Epioblasma florentina florentina (I. Lea, 1857)

Epioblasma florentina walkeri (Wilson & H.W. Clark, 1914)

Epioblasma haysiana (I. Lea, 1834)

Epioblasma lenior (I. Lea, 1842)

Epioblasma lewisii (Walker, 1910)

Epioblasma metastriata (Conrad, 1838)

Epioblasma obliquata obliquata (Rafinesque, 1820)

Epioblasma obliquata perobliqua (Conrad, 1836)

Epioblasma othcaloogensis (I. Lea, 1857)

Epioblasma penita (Conrad, 1834)

Epioblasma personata (Say, 1829)

Epioblasma propinqua (I. Lea, 1857)

Epioblasma sampsonii (I. Lea, 1861)

Epioblasma stewardsonii (I. Lea, 1852)

Epioblasma torulosa gubernaculum (Reeve, 1865)

Epioblasma torulosa rangiana (I. Lea, 1838)

Epioblasma torulosa torulosa (Rafinesque, 1820)

Epioblasma triquetra (Rafinesque, 1820)

Epioblasma turgidula (I. Lea, 1858)

Eupera cubensis (Prime, 1865)

Eupera singleyi Pilsbry

Fusconaia askewi (Marsh, 1896)

Fusconaia barnesiana (I. Lea, 1838)

Fusconaia cerina (Conrad, 1838)

Fusconaia cor (Conrad, 1834)

Fusconaia cuneolus (I. Lea, 1840)

Fusconaia ebena (I. Lea, 1831)

Fusconaia edgariana

Fusconaia escambia Clench & Turner, 1956

Fusconaia flava (Rafinesque, 1820)

Fusconaia lananensis (Frierson, 1901)

Fusconaia masoni (Conrad, 1834)

Fusconaia ozarkensis (Call, 1887)

Fusconaia subrotunda kirklandiana [sic]

Fusconaia subrotunda lesueriana [sic] Lea

Fusconaia subrotunda pilaris Lea

Fusconaia subrotunda subrotunda (Lee, 1831) [sic]

Fusconaia succissa (I. Lea, 1852)

Fusconaia undata Barnes

Glebula rotundata (Lamarck, 1819)

Gonidea angulata (I. Lea, 1838)

Hemistena lata (Rafinesque, 1820)

Lampsilis abrupta (Say, 1831)

Lampsilis altilis (Conrad, 1834)

Lampsilis australis Simpson, 1900

Lampsilis binominata Simpson, 1900

Lampsilis bracteata (Gould, 1855)

Lampsilis cardium Rafinesque, 1820

Lampsilis cariosa (Say, 1817)

Lampsilis dolabraeformis (I. Lea, 1838)

Lampsilis excavatus Lea

Lampsilis fasciola Rafinesque, 1820

Lampsilis fullerkati R.I. Johnson, 1984

Lampsilis haddletoni Athearn, 1964

Lampsilis higginsii (I. Lea, 1857)

Lampsilis hydiana (I. Lea, 1838)

Lampsilis orbiculata Hildreth

Lampsilis ornata (Conrad, 1835)

Lampsilis ovata (Say, 1817)

Lampsilis perovalis (Conrad, 1834)

Lampsilis perpasta Lea

Lampsilis powellii (I. Lea, 1852)

Lampsilis radiata conspicua (I. Lea, 1872)

Lampsilis radiata radiata (Gmelin, 1791)

Lampsilis rafinesqueana Frierson, 1927

Lampsilis reeveiana brittsi Simpson, 1900

Lampsilis reeveiana reeveiana (I. Lea, 1852)

Lampsilis satura (I. Lea, 1852)

Lampsilis siliquoidea (Barnes, 1823)

Lampsilis splendida (I. Lea, 1838)

Lampsilis straminea claibornensis (I. Lea, 1838)

Lampsilis straminea straminea (Conrad, 1834)

Lampsilis streckeri Frierson, 1927

Lampsilis subangulata (I. Lea, 1840)

Lampsilis teres (Rafinesque, 1820)

Lampsilis virescens (I. Lea, 1858)

Lasmigona complanata alabamensis Clarke, 1985

Lasmigona complanata complanata (Barnes, 1823)

Lasmigona compressa (I. Lea, 1829)

Lasmigona costata (Rafinesque, 1820)

Lasmigona decorata (I. Lea, 1852)

Lasmigona holstonia (I. Lea, 1838)

Lasmigona subviridis (Conrad, 1835)

Lemiox rimosus (Rafinesque, 1831)

Leptodea fragilis (Rafinesque, 1820)

Leptodea leptodon (Rafinesque, 1820)

Leptodea ochracea (Say, 1817)

Lexingtonia dolabelloides conradi (Vanatta)

Lexingtonia dolabelloides dolabelloides (Lea, 1840)

Lexingtonia subplana (Conrad, 1837)

Ligumia latissima

Ligumia nasuta (Say, 1817)

Ligumia recta (Lamarck, 1819)

Ligumia subrostrata (Say, 1831)

Margaritifera falcata (Gould, 1850)

Margaritifera hembeli (Conrad, 1838)

Margaritifera margaritifera (Linnaeus, 1758)

Margaritifera marrianae R.I. Johnson, 1983

Medionidus acutissimus (I. Lea, 1831)

Medionidus conradicus (I. Lea, 1834)

Medionidus mcglameriae van der Schalie, 1939

Medionidus parvulus (I. Lea, 1860)

Medionidus penicillatus (I. Lea, 1857)

Medionidus simpsonianus Walker, 1905

Medionidus walkeri (Wright, 1897)

Megalonaias boykiniana (Lea, 1840)

Megalonaias gigantea

Megalonaias nicklineana [sic]

Musculium lacustre (Müller, 1774)

Musculium partumeium (Say, 1822)

Musculium securis (Prime, 1852)

Musculium transversum (Say, 1829)

Obliquaria reflexa Rafinesque, 1820

Obovaria jacksoniana (Frierson, 1912)

Obovaria olivaria (Rafinesque, 1820)

Obovaria retusa (Lamarck, 1819)

Obovaria rotulata (Wright, 1899)

Obovaria subrotunda (Rafinesque, 1820)

Obovaria unicolor (I. Lea, 1845)

Pegias fabula (I. Lea, 1838)

Pisidium adamsi Stimpson, 1851

Pisidium amnicum (Muller, 1774)

Pisidium casertanum (Poli, 1791)

Pisidium compressum Prime, 1852

Pisidium conventus Clessin, 1877

Pisidium cruciatum Sterki, 1895

Pisidium dubium (Say, 1817)

Pisidium equilaterale Prime, 1852

Pisidium fallax Sterki, 1896

Pisidium ferrugineum Prime, 1852

Pisidium henslowanum (Sheppard, 1825)

Pisidium idahoense E.W. Roper, 1890

Pisidium insigne Gabb, 1868

Pisidium lilljeborgi Clessin, 1886

Pisidium milium Held, 1836

Pisidium nitidum Jenyns, 1832

Pisidium punctatum Sterki, 1895

Pisidium punctiferum (Guppy, 1867)

Pisidium rotundatum Prime, 1852

Pisidium sanguinichristi Taylor, 1987

Pisidium subtruncatum Malm, 1855

Pisidium supinum Schmidt, 1850

Pisidium ultramontanum Prime, 1865

Pisidium variabile Prime, 1852

Pisidium ventricosum Prime, 1851

Pisidium walkeri Sterki, 1895

Plectomerus dombeyanus (Valenciennes, 1827)

Plethobasus cicatricosus (Say, 1829)

Plethobasus cooperianus (I. Lea, 1834)

Plethobasus cyphyus (Rafinesque, 1820)

Pleurobema aldrichianum Goodrich

Pleurobema altum (Conrad, 1854)

Pleurobema avellanum Simpson, 1900

Pleurobema beadleianum (I. Lea, 1861)

Pleurobema bournianum (I. Lea, 1840)

Pleurobema chattanoogaense (I. Lea, 1858)

Pleurobema clava (Lamarck, 1819)

Pleurobema coccineum (Conrad, 1834)

Pleurobema collina (Conrad, 1837)

Pleurobema cordatum cordatum (Rafinesque, 1820)

Pleurobema curtum (I. Lea, 1859)

Pleurobema decisum (I. Lea, 1831)

Pleurobema flavidulum (I. Lea, 1861)

Pleurobema furvum (Conrad, 1834)

Pleurobema georgianum (I. Lea, 1841)

Pleurobema gibberum (I. Lea, 1838)

Pleurobema hagleri (Frierson, 1900)

Pleurobema hanleyianum (I. Lea, 1852)

Pleurobema irrasum Lea

Pleurobema johannis (I. Lea, 1859)

Pleurobema marshalli Frierson, 1927

Pleurobema meredithi Lea

Pleurobema murrayense (I. Lea, 1868)

Pleurobema nucleopsis (Conrad, 1849)

Pleurobema nux Lea

Pleurobema oviforme (Conrad, 1834)

Pleurobema perovatum (Conrad, 1834)

Pleurobema plenum (I. Lea, 1840)

Pleurobema pyramidatum (I. Lea, 1840)

Pleurobema pyriforme (I. Lea, 1857)

Pleurobema riddellii (I. Lea, 1861)

Pleurobema rubellum (Conrad, 1834)

Pleurobema rubrum (Rafinesque, 1820)

Pleurobema showalteri Lea

Pleurobema similans [sic]

Pleurobema sintoxia (Rafinesque, 1820)

Pleurobema stabile Lea

Pleurobema strodeanum (Wright, 1898)

Pleurobema taitianum (I. Lea, 1834)

Pleurobema tombigbeanum Frierson

Pleurobema troschelianum (I. Lea, 1852)

Pleurobema verum (I. Lea, 1861)

Polymesoda caroliniana (Bosc, 1801)

Polymesoda maritima (d’Orbigny, 1842)

Popenaias buckleyi Lea

Popenaias popei (Lea, 1857)

Potamilus alatus (Say, 1817)

Potamilus amphichaenus (Frierson, 1898)

Potamilus capax (Green, 1832)

Potamilus inflatus (I. Lea, 1831)

Potamilus ohiensis (Rafinesque, 1820)

Potamilus purpuratus (Lamarck, 1819)

Proptera laevissimus Lea

Ptychobranchus fasciolaris (Rafinesque, 1820)

Ptychobranchus greenii (Conrad, 1834)

Ptychobranchus jonesi (van der Schalie, 1934)

Ptychobranchus occidentalis (Conrad, 1836)

Ptychobranchus subtentum (Say, 1825)

Pyganodon cataracta (Say, 1817)

Pyganodon fragilis (Lamarck, 1819)

Pyganodon gibbosa (Say, 1824)

Pyganodon grandis (Say, 1829)

Pyganodon lacustris (I. Lea, 1852)

Quadrula apiculata (Say, 1829)

Quadrula asperata (I. Lea, 1861)

Quadrula aurea (I. Lea, 1859)

Quadrula couchiana (I. Lea, 1860)

Quadrula cylindrica cylindrica (Say, 1817)

Quadrula cylindrica strigillata (Wright, 1898)

Quadrula fragosa (Conrad, 1835)

Quadrula houstonensis (I. Lea, 1859)

Quadrula intermedia (Conrad, 1836)

Quadrula metanevra (Rafinesque, 1820)

Quadrula nodulata (Rafinesque, 1820)

Quadrula petrina (Gould, 1855)

Quadrula pustulosa mortoni (Conrad, 1835)

Quadrula pustulosa pustulosa (I. Lea, 1831)

Quadrula quadrula quadrula (Rafinesque, 1820)

Quadrula refulgens (I. Lea, 1868)

Quadrula rumphiana (I. Lea, 1852)

Quadrula sparsa (I. Lea, 1841)

Quadrula stapes (I. Lea, 1831)

Quadrula tuberosa (I. Lea, 1840)

Quincuncina burkei Walker, 1922

Quincuncina infucata (Conrad, 1834)

Quincuncina mitchelli (Simpson, 1895)

Simpsonaias ambigua (Say, 1825)

Sphaerium corneum (Linnaeus, 1758)

Sphaerium fabale (Prime, 1852)

Sphaerium nitidum Westerlund, 1876

Sphaerium occidentale (J. Lewis, 1856)

Sphaerium patella (Gould, 1850)

Sphaerium rhomboideum (Say, 1822)

Sphaerium simile (Say, 1817)

Sphaerium striatinum (Lamarck, 1818)

Strophitus alabamensis Lea

Strophitus connasaugaensis (I. Lea, 1858)

Strophitus subvexus (Conrad, 1834)

Strophitus undulatus tennesseensis Frierson

Strophitus undulatus undulatus (Say, 1817)

Toxolasma corvunculus (I. Lea, 1868)

Toxolasma cylindrellus (I. Lea, 1868)

Toxolasma lividus Rafinesque, 1831

Toxolasma mearnsi (Simpson, 1900)

Toxolasma parvus (Barnes, 1823)

Toxolasma paulus (I. Lea, 1840)

Toxolasma pullus (Conrad, 1838)

Toxolasma texasiensis (I. Lea, 1857)

Tritogonia nervosa Rafinesque

Tritogonia verrucosa (Rafinesque, 1820)

Truncilla cognata (I. Lea, 1860)

Truncilla donaciformis (I. Lea, 1828)

Truncilla macrodon (I. Lea, 1859)

Truncilla truncata Rafinesque, 1820

Uniomerus carolinianus (Bosc, 1801)

Uniomerus declivis (Say, 1831)

Uniomerus excultus (Conrad, 1838)

Uniomerus obesus (Lea, 1831)

Uniomerus tetralasmus (Say, 1831)

Utterbackia imbecillis (Say, 1829)

Utterbackia peggyae (R.I. Johnson, 1965)

Utterbackia peninsularis Bogan & Hoeh, 1995

Venustaconcha ellipsiformis (Conrad, 1836)

Venustaconcha pleasii (Marsh, 1891)

Villosa amygdala (I. Lea, 1843)

Villosa arkansasensis (I. Lea, 1862)

Villosa brevicula Call

Villosa choctawensis Athearn, 1964

Villosa constricta (Conrad, 1838)

Villosa delumbis (Conrad, 1834)

Villosa fabalis (I. Lea, 1831)

Villosa iris (I. Lea, 1829)

Villosa lienosa (Conrad, 1834)

Villosa nebulosa (Conrad, 1834)

Villosa ortmanni (Walker, 1925)

Villosa perpurpurea (I. Lea, 1861)

Villosa taeniata (Conrad, 1834)

Villosa trabalis (Conrad, 1834)

Villosa vanuxemensis umbrans (I. Lea, 1857)

Villosa vanuxemensis vanuxemensis (I. Lea, 1838)

Villosa vaughaniana (I. Lea, 1838)

Villosa vibex (Conrad, 1834)

Villosa villosa (Wright, 1898)

Page updated: 10:57:04 Wed 06 Nov 2019

 
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