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Page last updated
Thu 04 Jul 2019

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

This page documents data for Lea (1834), such as genera and species attributed to that publication (including known misspellings, misidentifications, and other unavailable names) as well as taxonomic opinions, if available. Taxonomic opinions refer to uses of genera and species as valid and invalid in that work.

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Publication information

Lea, I. 1834. Observations on the Naïades; and descriptions of new species of that and other families. Transactions of the American Philosophical Society 5 [O. 1]: 23-119, pls. 1-19 (Obs. 1: 135-231).

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Attributed Species Names

Anodonta trapezialis Blainville, 1825
‘Lamarck’ of Authors.
Blainville, 1825, Manuel Malacol. et Conch.: 538.
Bory de St. Vincent, 1827, Encycl. Méth. 2: 147.
Menke, 1828, Syn. Method. Moll.: 63.
Menke, 1830, Syn. Method. Moll.: 106.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 93.
d’Orbigny, 1835, Mag. Zool. 5(61-62): 43.
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 53.
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 287.
Hanley, 1843, Illustr. Descr. Cat. Rec. Bivalve Shells: 220.
Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 52.
Hupé, 1857, [in] Castelnau, Amim. Nouv. Rares d’Amer. Sud: 85.
Adams & Adams, 1857, Gen. Rec. Moll. 2: 504.
Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 82.
Ihering, 1893, Arch. Naturg. 59(1): 135.
Corsi, 1900, Anais Mus. Nac. Montevideo 2: 456.
Marshall, 1915, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 49(2122): 529.
Haas, 1929, Senckenbergiana 11: 340.
H.B. Baker, 1930, Occ. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich. (210): 70.
Morretes, 1949, Arqu. Mus. Paranaense 7: 27.
(error for Anodonta trapesialis Lamarck, 1819)

Anodonta plana Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 48 [as ‘palna’], pl. 7, fig. 18.
(correct name for Anodonta palna Lea, 1834)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86626, Bear Grass Creek, near Louisville, Ky.

Unio modioliformis Lea, 1834
‘Say’ of Authors.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 89.
Conrad, 1835, Monogr. Fam. Unionidae 1(1): 5.
Ferussac, 1835, Mag. Zool. 5: 28.
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6: 246.
(intro'd as syn of Unio clava Lamarck, 1819)

Unio lacteolus Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 40, pl. 8, fig. 19.

Unio nicklinianus Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 28 [140], pl. 1, fig. 1.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (MONOTYPY) USNM_83898, Canton China? [Central America].

Unio capillaris Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 29, pl. 2, fig. 2.
Type(s): TYPE USNM_84602, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Unio subglobosus Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 30, pl. 2, fig. 3.

Unio capsaeformis Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 31, pl. 2, fig. 4 [as ‘capsæformis’].
Type(s): HOLOTYPE MCZ_178570, Cumberland River, Tennessee.

Unio ravenelianus Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 32 [144], pl. 3, fig. 5.
(renamed Unio rudis Conrad, 1837)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84783, French Broad R., near Ashville, N. Carolina.

Unio murchisonianus Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 33, pl. 3, fig. 6.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (MONOTYPY) USNM_84156, Calcutta, India [penciled out].

Unio haysianus Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 35, pl. 3, fig. 7.
Type(s): TOPOTYPE USNM_84613, Nashville, Tenn.

Unio hildrethianus Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 36 [148], pl. 3, fig. 8.
Type(s): FIGURED SYNTYPE USNM_122252, Ohio R., Louisville, Ky.

Unio schoolcraftensis Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 37 [149], pl. 3, fig. 9.

Unio geometricus Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 38 [150], pl. 4, fig. 10.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85712, Bayou Teche, Louisiana.

Unio taitianus Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 39 [151], pl. 4, fig. 11.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84653, Claiborne, Alabama R., Ala.

Symphynota globosa Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 41, pl. 4, fig. 12.
Type(s): SYNTYPES ANSP_56609, Ohio.

Symphynota woodiana Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 42 [154], pl. 5, fig. 13.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86380, Canton, China.

Symphynota magnifica Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 43 [155], pl. 5, fig. 14.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86379, China.

Anodonta ferussaciana Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 45, pl. 6, fig. 15.
Type(s): FIGURED SYNTYPE USNM_86520, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Anodonta incerta Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 46, pl. 6, fig. 16.

Anodonta stewartiana Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 47 [159], pl. 6, fig. 17.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86664, Bayou Teche, Louisiana.

Anodonta palna Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 48.
(incorrect original spelling of Anodonta plana Lea, 1834)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86626, Bear Grass Creek, near Louisville, Ky.

Cyrena turgida Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 109, pl. 17, fig. 51.

Unio paranensis Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 99 [211], pl. 14, fig. 42.
Type(s): POSSIBLE SYNTYPES ANSP_41798, South America.

Unio parallelopipedon Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 60 [172], pl. 8, fig. 20.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85928, ParanĂ¡ R., Prov. Corrientes, S. America.

Unio cooperianus Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 61 [173], pl. 8, fig. 21.

Anodonta blainvilliana Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 77 [189], pl. 12, fig. 35.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE USNM_128843, So. America.

Unio conradicus Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 63 [175], pl. 9, fig. 23.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84134, [no locality available - North America].

Unio divaricatus Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 64 [176], pl. 9, fig. 24.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85332A, Egypt? (S. Am?).

Unio corrianus Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 65, pl. 9, fig. 25.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86056, Calcutta, India.

Unio emarginatus Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 62 [174], pl. 9, fig. 22.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86159, [no locality available - Europe].

Unio burroughianus Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 67 [179], pl. 10, fig. 27.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE ANSP_41796, Rio ParanĂ¡, Province of Corrientes.

Unio grayanus Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 66 [178], pl. 9, fig. 26.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84162, China.

Unio dromas Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 70 [182], pl. 10, fig. 29.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_25852, Tennessee.

Unio sowerbianus Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 180 [68], pl. 10, fig. 28.

Unio perdix Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 72 [184], pl. 11, fig. 31.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84857, Harpeth R., Tenn.

Unio pictus Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 73 [185], pl. 11, fig. 32.
Type(s): SYNTYPE MCZ_5792, Harpeth River, Tennessee.

Symphynota discoidea Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 75 [187], pl. 11, fig. 33.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86358, China.

Anodonta latomarginata Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 76, pl. 12, fig. 34 [as ‘lato-marginata’].
Lea, 1863, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 5 [O. 10]: 394 [as ‘lato-marginata’].
Type(s): IDIOTYPE MCZ_175657, Brazil.

Unio fulvus Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 96 [208], pl. 13, fig. 39.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85679, S.C.

Anodonta tenebricosa Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 78, pl. 12, fig. 36.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86761, Rio la Plata, Buenos Ayres.

Anodonta mortoniana Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 80 [192], pl. 13, fig. 37.

Unio troostensis Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 71, pl. 10, fig. 30.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84701, Stones River, Tenn.

Unio gigantea Lea, 1834
‘Barnes’ Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 31, 35.
(misidentified reference to Unio (crassus var.) giganteus Barnes, 1823)

Unio modioliformis Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 97 [209], pl. 13, fig. 40.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85029, Santee Canal, S. Carolina.

Unio kirtlandianus Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 98 [210], pl. 14, fig. 41.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85815, Mahoning R., Ohio.

Unio nashvillianus Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 100, pl. 14, fig. 43.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85114, Nashville, Tenn.

Unio blandingianus Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 101, pl. 15, fig. 44.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85715, St. Johns R., Fla.

Unio camelus Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 102 [214], pl. 15, fig. 45.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84486, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Unio griffithianus Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 103, pl. 15, fig. 46.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85610, S.C.

Unio confertus Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 103 [215], pl. 16, fig. 47.
Type(s): IDIOTYPE USNM_85634, Santee Canal, S. Carolina.

Symphynota benedictensis Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 104, pl. 16, fig. 48.
(renamed Margaron (Anodonta) benedictii Lea, 1870)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86381, Lake Champlain, Vermont.

Anodonta burroughiana Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 105, pl. 16, fig. 49.

Margaritana raveneliana Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 106, pl. 17, fig. 50.
(renamed Unio swananoensis Hanley, 1843)
Type(s): LECTOTYPE USNM_86254, Swananee River, North Carolina.

Unio shepardianus Lea, 1834
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 95 [207], pl. 13, fig. 38.
Type(s): PARATYPE MCZ_155568, [Altamaha River] [Hopeton near Darien] McIntosh Co., Georgia.

Taxonomic Opinions

Alasmodonta [sic] marginata (Say)
+ Unio varicosa Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio cariosa Lamarck, 1819

Anodonta anatina Linnaeus

Anodonta crispata Lamarck

Anodonta cygnea Linnaeus
+ Anodonta sulcata Lamarck, 1819

Anodonta exotica Lamarck

Anodonta fragilis Lamarck

Anodonta glauca Lamarck

Anodonta patagonica Lamarck

Anodonta rubens Lamarck

Anodonta sinuosa Lamarck

Anodonta trapezialis [sic] Lamarck
+ Anodon giganteus Spix & Wagner, 1827

Anodonta uniopsis Lamarck

Castalia ambigua Lamarck

Hyria corrugata Lamarck

Hyria syrmatophora Gronovius
+ Hyria avicularis Lamarck, 1819

Iridina exotica Lamarck

Iridina nilotica Cailliaud
+ Anodon clappertoni Koenig, 1826

Unio angusta Lamarck

Unio ater Lea
+ Unio purpurata Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio lugubris Say, 1832

Unio australis Lamarck

Unio batava Maton and Racket

Unio cariosus Say

Unio complanatus (Solander)
+ Unio purpureus Say, 1817
+ Unio rarisulcata Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio coarctata Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio purpurascens Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio rhombula Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio carinifera Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio georgina Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio glabrata Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio sulcidens Lamarck, 1819

Unio crassidens Lamarck
+ Unio cuneatus Barnes, 1823

Unio crassus Say
+ Unio ligamentina Lamarck, 1819

Unio cylindricus Say
+ Unio naviformis Lamarck, 1819

Unio depressa Lamarck

Unio gibbosus Barnes
+ Unio nasuta Lamarck, 1819

Unio granosa Lamarck

Unio lacteolus
+ Unio delodonta Lamarck, 1819

Unio littoralis Lamarck
+ Unio brevialis Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio semirugata Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio nana Lamarck, 1819

Unio margaritifera Linnaeus
+ Unio elongata Lamarck, 1819
+ Alasmodonta arcuata Barnes, 1823

Unio marginalis Lamarck
+ Unio anodontina Lamarck, 1819

Unio occidens Lea
+ Unio ovata Lamarck, 1819

Unio ovata Donovan
+ Unio nodulosa Lamarck, 1819

Unio ovatus Say
+ Unio ovata Lamarck, 1819

Unio pictorum Of Authors
+ Unio rostrata Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio manca Lamarck, 1819

Unio plicatus Say
+ Unio peruviana Lamarck, 1819

Unio radiatus
+ Unio virginiana Lamarck, 1819

Unio recta Lamarck
+ Unio praelongus Barnes, 1823

Unio rotundata Lamarck
+ Unio suborbiculata Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio glebulus Say, 1831
+ Unio subglobosus Lea, 1834

Unio scalenia Rafinesque
+ Unio clava Lamarck, 1819
+ Unio modioliformis Lea, 1834

Unio siliquoideus Barnes
+ Unio luteola Lamarck, 1819

Unio sinuata Lamarck
+ Dichonca crassissima Klein, 1753

Unio torsa (Rafinesque)
+ Unio retusa Lamarck, 1819

Unio trapezoides Lea
+ Unio crassidens Lamarck, 1819

Unio undatus Barnes
+ Unio obliqua Lamarck, 1819

Page updated: 10:22:25 Thu 04 Jul 2019

 
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