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Page last updated
Fri 01 Jul 2022

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

Cladomics pages are experimental — even more so than the rest of this site!

The purpose of the cladomics pages for each genus and family-group level taxon is to provide statistics and references indicating the extent to which published phylogenetic work supports the classification used here.

The Cladomics Summary provides an overview of the number of studies that have included terminal species representing this taxon as well as an indication of how frequently it has been recovered as monophyletic.

Following the summary, the available published clades representing the taxon are listed.

For more information, visit the Cladomics FARQ (frequently asked rhetorical questions) page.

Search the database pages:

Bivalvia | Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Ambleminae | Pleurobemini

genus Pleurobema Rafinesque, 1819: cladomics
     31 valid species

Cladomics Summary

number of species: 23
number next lowest-taxon (species) (i.e., direct-child taxa): 23

analyzed in 83 cladogram(s) in 48 publications
maximum number of terminal species in an analysis: 79, mean: 5.16
maximum number of direct-child taxa in an analysis: 79, mean: 5.16

basic monophyly

number of cladograms that test basic monophyly (i.e., more than 1 included species): 28
maximum number of included species: 79, mean: 13.32
maximum number of direct-child taxa: 79, mean: 13.32
proportion of cladograms that support basic monophyly: 0.43

rigorous monophyly

number of cladograms that test rigorous monophyly: 26
(Rigorous monophyly refers to cladograms with terminal species representing more than one direct-child taxon and at least one rigorous, direct-child outgroup.)
maximum number of included species: 79, mean: 14.19
maximum number of direct-child taxa: 79, mean: 14.19
proportion of cladograms that support rigorous monophyly: 0.38

top monophyly publications

Inoue et al., 2018, Campbell et al., 2005, Burlakova et al., 2012, Burdick & White, 2007, Campbell et al., 2008

Inoue et al., 2018 ** Top Monophyly Test Publication ** ** Top Sister Group Test Publication **

fig. 1, 3a-c: [clade_id: 13288] "Pleurobema" + Fusconaia
spp. terminals: 79, direct-child terminals: 79
rigorous outgroups.: 77, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 8
((P_plenum, (P_stabile, (((P_pyriforme, (P_georgianum, P_athearni)), (P_decisum, (P_georgianum, P_hanleyianum, P_hanleyianum))), ((P_beadleianum, (P_strodeanum, P_rubellum, (P_beadleianum, (P_taitianum, (P_perovatum, P_strodeanum))))), ((P_oviforme, P_clava, (P_oviforme, P_clava)), (P_oviforme, P_oviforme, P_oviforme, (P_clava, P_oviforme))))))), (P_cordatum, ((F_subrotunda, (F_cor, F_cuneolus)), (F_ozarkensis, ((F_escambia, F_burkei), (F_mitchelli, F_flava, (F_askewi, F_askewi, F_askewi, F_askewi, F_askewi, F_chunii)), (F_masoni, (F_flava, ((F_cerina, F_flava), (F_flava, F_flava, F_flava, F_flava, F_cerina, F_flava, F_flava, F_flava, F_flava, F_flava, F_flava, F_flava, F_flava, F_flava, F_flava, F_flava, F_flava, F_flava, F_flava, F_flava, F_flava, F_cerina, F_cerina, F_cerina, (F_flava, F_flava, F_flava, F_flava, F_cerina, F_cerina, F_cerina))))))))), (P_riddellii, (P_sintoxia, (P_sintoxia, P_sintoxia, (P_sintoxia, P_rubrum, P_rubrum, P_rubrum, (P_rubrum, P_sintoxia, P_sintoxia, P_rubrum)), (Pleurobema, Pleurobema, P_sintoxia, Pleurobema, Pleurobema, Pleurobema, P_sintoxia, P_sintoxia, P_sintoxia, P_sintoxia, P_sintoxia, P_sintoxia, P_sintoxia, P_sintoxia, P_sintoxia, P_sintoxia, P_sintoxia, P_sintoxia, P_sintoxia, P_rubrum, P_rubrum, P_rubrum, P_rubrum, P_rubrum, P_rubrum, P_rubrum, P_rubrum, P_rubrum, P_rubrum, P_rubrum, P_rubrum, P_rubrum, (Pleurobema, P_rubrum), (P_sintoxia, P_rubrum), (Pleurobema, P_rubrum), (Pleurobema, (Pleurobema, Pleurobema)))))))


	     +-------------------------- P_plenum       
	     |                                          
	     |  +----------------------- P_stabile      
	     |  |                                       
	     |  |                 +----- P_pyriforme    
	  +--+  |              +--+                     
	  |  |  |              |  |  +-- P_georgianum_1 
	  |  |  |              |  +--+                  
	  |  |  |  +-----------+     +-- P_athearni     
	  |  |  |  |           |                        
	  |  +--+  |           |  +----- P_decisum      
	  |     |  |           |  |                     
	  |     |  |           +--+  +-- P_georgianum_2 
	  |     |  |              |  |                  
	  |     |  |              +--+-- P_hanleyianum_1
	  |     |  |                 |                  
	  |     |  |                 +-- P_hanleyianum_2
	  |     |  |                                    
	  |     +--+     +-------------- P_beadleianum_1
	  |        |     |                              
	  |        |  +--+  +----------- P_strodeanum_1 
	  |        |  |  |  |                           
	  |        |  |  +--+----------- P_rubellum     
	  |        |  |     |                           
	  |        |  |     |  +-------- P_beadleianum_2
	  |        |  |     +--+                        
	  |        |  |        |  +----- P_taitianum    
	  |        |  |        +--+                     
	  |        |  |           |  +-- P_perovatum    
	  |        +--+           +--+                  
	  |           |              +-- P_strodeanum_2 
	  |           |                                 
	  |           |           +----- P_oviforme_1   
	  |           |           |                     
	  |           |        +--+----- P_clava_1      
	  |           |        |  |                     
	  |           |        |  |  +-- P_oviforme_2   
	  |           |        |  +--+                  
	  |           +--------+     +-- P_clava_2      
	  |                    |                        
	  |                    |  +----- P_oviforme_3   
	  |                    |  |                     
	  |                    |  +----- P_oviforme_4   
	  |                    +--+                     
	  |                       +----- P_oviforme_5   
	  |                       |                     
	  |                       |  +-- P_clava_3      
	  |                       +--+                  
	  |                          +-- P_oviforme_6   
	  |                                             
	  |  +-------------------------- P_cordatum     
	  |  |                                          
	  |  |                    +----- F_subrotunda   
	  |  |  +-----------------+                     
	  +--+  |                 |  +-- F_cor          
	  |  |  |                 +--+                  
	  |  |  |                    +-- F_cuneolus     
	  |  |  |                                       
	  |  |  |  +-------------------- F_ozarkensis   
	  |  +--+  |                                    
	  |     |  |                 +-- F_escambia     
	  |     |  |  +--------------+                  
	  |     |  |  |              +-- F_burkei       
	  |     |  |  |                                 
	  |     |  |  |           +----- F_mitchelli    
	  |     +--+  |           |                     
	  |        |  |           +----- F_flava_1      
	  |        |  |           |                     
	  |        |  +-----------+  +-- F_askewi_1     
	  |        |  |           |  |                  
	  |        |  |           |  +-- F_askewi_2     
	  |        |  |           |  |                  
	  |        |  |           |  +-- F_askewi_3     
	  |        +--+           +--+                  
	  |           |              +-- F_askewi_4     
	  |           |              |                  
	  |           |              +-- F_askewi_5     
	  |           |              |                  
	  |           |              +-- F_chunii       
	  |           |                                 
	  |           |  +-------------- F_masoni       
	--+           |  |                              
	  |           |  |  +----------- F_flava_2      
	  |           |  |  |                           
	  |           |  |  |        +-- F_cerina_1     
	  |           +--+  |  +-----+                  
	  |              |  |  |     +-- F_flava_3      
	  |              |  |  |                        
	  |              |  |  |  +----- F_flava_4      
	  |              |  |  |  |                     
	  |              |  |  |  +----- F_flava_5      
	  |              +--+  |  |                     
	  |                 |  |  +----- F_flava_6      
	  |                 |  |  |                     
	  |                 |  |  +----- F_flava_7      
	  |                 |  |  |                     
	  |                 |  |  +----- F_cerina_2     
	  |                 |  |  |                     
	  |                 |  |  +----- F_flava_8      
	  |                 |  |  |                     
	  |                 +--+  +----- F_flava_9      
	  |                    |  |                     
	  |                    |  +----- F_flava_10     
	  |                    |  |                     
	  |                    |  +----- F_flava_11     
	  |                    |  |                     
	  |                    |  +----- F_flava_12     
	  |                    |  |                     
	  |                    |  +----- F_flava_13     
	  |                    |  |                     
	  |                    |  +----- F_flava_14     
	  |                    |  |                     
	  |                    |  +----- F_flava_15     
	  |                    |  |                     
	  |                    |  +----- F_flava_16     
	  |                    +--+                     
	  |                       +----- F_flava_17     
	  |                       |                     
	  |                       +----- F_flava_18     
	  |                       |                     
	  |                       +----- F_flava_19     
	  |                       |                     
	  |                       +----- F_flava_20     
	  |                       |                     
	  |                       +----- F_flava_21     
	  |                       |                     
	  |                       +----- F_flava_22     
	  |                       |                     
	  |                       +----- F_flava_23     
	  |                       |                     
	  |                       +----- F_cerina_3     
	  |                       |                     
	  |                       +----- F_cerina_4     
	  |                       |                     
	  |                       +----- F_cerina_5     
	  |                       |                     
	  |                       |  +-- F_flava_24     
	  |                       |  |                  
	  |                       |  +-- F_flava_25     
	  |                       |  |                  
	  |                       |  +-- F_flava_26     
	  |                       |  |                  
	  |                       +--+-- F_flava_27     
	  |                          |                  
	  |                          +-- F_cerina_6     
	  |                          |                  
	  |                          +-- F_cerina_7     
	  |                          |                  
	  |                          +-- F_cerina_8     
	  |                                             
	  |           +----------------- P_riddellii    
	  |           |                                 
	  |           |  +-------------- P_sintoxia_1   
	  |           |  |                              
	  |           |  |  +----------- P_sintoxia_2   
	  |           |  |  |                           
	  |           |  |  +----------- P_sintoxia_3   
	  |           |  |  |                           
	  +-----------+  |  |     +----- P_sintoxia_4   
	              |  |  |     |                     
	              |  |  |     +----- P_rubrum_1     
	              |  |  |     |                     
	              |  |  |     +----- P_rubrum_2     
	              |  |  +-----+                     
	              |  |  |     +----- P_rubrum_3     
	              |  |  |     |                     
	              |  |  |     |  +-- P_rubrum_4     
	              +--+  |     |  |                  
	                 |  |     |  +-- P_sintoxia_5   
	                 |  |     +--+                  
	                 |  |        +-- P_sintoxia_6   
	                 |  |        |                  
	                 |  |        +-- P_rubrum_5     
	                 |  |                           
	                 |  |  +-------- Pleurobema_1   
	                 |  |  |                        
	                 |  |  +-------- Pleurobema_2   
	                 |  |  |                        
	                 |  |  +-------- P_sintoxia_7   
	                 |  |  |                        
	                 |  |  +-------- Pleurobema_3   
	                 |  |  |                        
	                 |  |  +-------- Pleurobema_4   
	                 +--+  |                        
	                    |  +-------- Pleurobema_5   
	                    |  |                        
	                    |  +-------- P_sintoxia_8   
	                    |  |                        
	                    |  +-------- P_sintoxia_9   
	                    |  |                        
	                    |  +-------- P_sintoxia_10  
	                    |  |                        
	                    |  +-------- P_sintoxia_11  
	                    |  |                        
	                    |  +-------- P_sintoxia_12  
	                    |  |                        
	                    |  +-------- P_sintoxia_13  
	                    |  |                        
	                    |  +-------- P_sintoxia_14  
	                    |  |                        
	                    |  +-------- P_sintoxia_15  
	                    |  |                        
	                    |  +-------- P_sintoxia_16  
	                    |  |                        
	                    |  +-------- P_sintoxia_17  
	                    |  |                        
	                    |  +-------- P_sintoxia_18  
	                    |  |                        
	                    |  +-------- P_sintoxia_19  
	                    |  |                        
	                    |  +-------- P_sintoxia_20  
	                    |  |                        
	                    +--+-------- P_rubrum_6     
	                       |                        
	                       +-------- P_rubrum_7     
	                       |                        
	                       +-------- P_rubrum_8     
	                       |                        
	                       +-------- P_rubrum_9     
	                       |                        
	                       +-------- P_rubrum_10    
	                       |                        
	                       +-------- P_rubrum_11    
	                       |                        
	                       +-------- P_rubrum_12    
	                       |                        
	                       +-------- P_rubrum_13    
	                       |                        
	                       +-------- P_rubrum_14    
	                       |                        
	                       +-------- P_rubrum_15    
	                       |                        
	                       +-------- P_rubrum_16    
	                       |                        
	                       +-------- P_rubrum_17    
	                       |                        
	                       +-------- P_rubrum_18    
	                       |                        
	                       |     +-- Pleurobema_6   
	                       +-----+                  
	                       |     +-- P_rubrum_19    
	                       |                        
	                       |     +-- P_sintoxia_21  
	                       +-----+                  
	                       |     +-- P_rubrum_20    
	                       |                        
	                       |     +-- Pleurobema_7   
	                       +-----+                  
	                       |     +-- P_rubrum_21    
	                       |                        
	                       |  +----- Pleurobema_8   
	                       +--+                     
	                          |  +-- Pleurobema_9   
	                          +--+                  
	                             +-- Pleurobema_10  
  

Burlakova et al., 2012

fig. 1: [clade_id: 6109] "Pleurobema" + Pleuronaia
spp. terminals: 16, direct-child terminals: 16
rigorous outgroups.: 23, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 7
(((P_gibber, (P_dolabelloides, P_barnesiana)), (P_riddellii, (P_sintoxia, (P_rubrum, P_cordatum)))), (P_stabile, (P_pyriforme, ((P_georgianum, (P_hanleyianum, P_decisum)), ((P_clava, P_oviforme), (P_beadleianum, ((P_rubellum, P_strodeanum), (P_perovatum, P_taitianum))))))))


	                    +----- P_gibber       
	              +-----+                     
	              |     |  +-- P_dolabelloides
	              |     +--+                  
	  +-----------+        +-- P_barnesiana   
	  |           |                           
	  |           |  +-------- P_riddellii    
	  |           +--+                        
	  |              |  +----- P_sintoxia     
	  |              +--+                     
	--+                 |  +-- P_rubrum       
	  |                 +--+                  
	  |                    +-- P_cordatum     
	  |                                       
	  |  +-------------------- P_stabile      
	  |  |                                    
	  +--+  +----------------- P_pyriforme    
	     |  |                                 
	     |  |           +----- P_georgianum   
	     +--+  +--------+                     
	        |  |        |  +-- P_hanleyianum  
	        |  |        +--+                  
	        |  |           +-- P_decisum      
	        +--+                              
	           |           +-- P_clava        
	           |  +--------+                  
	           |  |        +-- P_oviforme     
	           +--+                           
	              |  +-------- P_beadleianum  
	              |  |                        
	              +--+     +-- P_rubellum     
	                 |  +--+                  
	                 |  |  +-- P_strodeanum   
	                 +--+                     
	                    |  +-- P_perovatum    
	                    +--+                  
	                       +-- P_taitianum    
  

fig. 2: [clade_id: 6255] "Pleurobema" + Pleuronaia + Elliptio + Hemistena + Plethobasus + Fusconaia + Eurynia
spp. terminals: 19, direct-child terminals: 19
rigorous outgroups.: 25, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 7
(P_plenum, (((P_cyphyus, H_lata), (E_dilatata, (E_arca, E_crassidens))), (P_cordatum, ((F_subrotunda, ((F_cor, F_cuneolus), (F_flava, F_ozarkensis, F_masoni, (F_askewi, (F_burkei, F_escambia)), (F_cerina, F_cerina, (F_flava, F_flava, F_flava, F_askewi, F_askewi))))), ((P_stabile, (P_riddellii, (P_cordatum, P_rubrum, P_sintoxia, P_sintoxia))), ((P_barnesiana, (P_dolabelloides, P_gibber)), ((P_georgianum, P_pyriforme), ((P_decisum, P_hanleyianum), ((P_clava, P_oviforme), (P_rubellum, P_beadleianum, P_strodeanum, (P_perovatum, P_taitianum)))))))))))


	  +-------------------------------- P_plenum       
	  |                                                
	  |                             +-- P_cyphyus      
	  |                       +-----+                  
	  |                       |     +-- H_lata         
	  |  +--------------------+                        
	  |  |                    |  +----- E_dilatata     
	--+  |                    +--+                     
	  |  |                       |  +-- E_arca         
	  |  |                       +--+                  
	  |  |                          +-- E_crassidens   
	  |  |                                             
	  |  |  +-------------------------- P_cordatum_1   
	  |  |  |                                          
	  +--+  |           +-------------- F_subrotunda   
	     |  |           |                              
	     |  |           |           +-- F_cor          
	     |  |           |  +--------+                  
	     |  |  +--------+  |        +-- F_cuneolus     
	     |  |  |        |  |                           
	     |  |  |        |  |  +-------- F_flava_1      
	     |  |  |        |  |  |                        
	     |  |  |        +--+  +-------- F_ozarkensis   
	     |  |  |           |  |                        
	     +--+  |           |  +-------- F_masoni       
	        |  |           |  |                        
	        |  |           |  |  +----- F_askewi_1     
	        |  |           |  +--+                     
	        |  |           +--+  |  +-- F_burkei       
	        |  |              |  +--+                  
	        |  |              |     +-- F_escambia     
	        |  |              |                        
	        |  |              |  +----- F_cerina_1     
	        |  |              |  |                     
	        |  |              |  +----- F_cerina_2     
	        |  |              |  |                     
	        +--+              +--+  +-- F_flava_2      
	           |                 |  |                  
	           |                 |  +-- F_flava_3      
	           |                 |  |                  
	           |                 +--+-- F_flava_4      
	           |                    |                  
	           |                    +-- F_askewi_2     
	           |                    |                  
	           |                    +-- F_askewi_3     
	           |                                       
	           |              +-------- P_stabile      
	           |              |                        
	           |  +-----------+  +----- P_riddellii    
	           |  |           |  |                     
	           |  |           +--+  +-- P_cordatum_2   
	           |  |              |  |                  
	           |  |              |  +-- P_rubrum       
	           |  |              +--+                  
	           |  |                 +-- P_sintoxia_1   
	           +--+                 |                  
	              |                 +-- P_sintoxia_2   
	              |                                    
	              |              +----- P_barnesiana   
	              |  +-----------+                     
	              |  |           |  +-- P_dolabelloides
	              |  |           +--+                  
	              |  |              +-- P_gibber       
	              +--+                                 
	                 |              +-- P_georgianum   
	                 |  +-----------+                  
	                 |  |           +-- P_pyriforme    
	                 |  |                              
	                 +--+           +-- P_decisum      
	                    |  +--------+                  
	                    |  |        +-- P_hanleyianum  
	                    |  |                           
	                    +--+        +-- P_clava        
	                       |  +-----+                  
	                       |  |     +-- P_oviforme     
	                       |  |                        
	                       +--+  +----- P_rubellum     
	                          |  |                     
	                          |  +----- P_beadleianum  
	                          +--+                     
	                             +----- P_strodeanum   
	                             |                     
	                             |  +-- P_perovatum    
	                             +--+                  
	                                +-- P_taitianum    
  

fig. 3: [clade_id: 6333] "Pleurobema" + Pleuronaia + Parvaspina + Elliptio + Hemistena + Plethobasus + Fusconaia + Eurynia
spp. terminals: 17, direct-child terminals: 17
rigorous outgroups.: 25, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 7
(H_lata, P_stabile, (E_dilatata, ((P_riddellii, (P_sintoxia, P_rubrum, (P_cordatum, P_rubrum))), (P_collina, (P_gibber, (P_dolabelloides, P_barnesiana)), (P_cyphyus, (E_arca, E_crassidens)), ((P_clava, P_oviforme), (P_decisum, P_pyriforme, P_hanleyianum, P_georgianum, (P_rubellum, P_beadleianum, P_strodeanum, (P_perovatum, P_taitianum)))), (F_subrotunda, ((F_cor, F_cuneolus), (F_ozarkensis, ((F_masoni, (F_burkei, F_escambia), (F_cerina, (F_askewi, F_flava))), (F_askewi, F_askewi, F_askewi, F_lananensis, F_lananensis, F_askewi)))))))))


	  +-------------------------------- H_lata         
	  |                                                
	  +-------------------------------- P_stabile      
	  |                                                
	  |  +----------------------------- E_dilatata     
	  |  |                                             
	--+  |                    +-------- P_riddellii    
	  |  |                    |                        
	  |  |  +-----------------+  +----- P_sintoxia     
	  |  |  |                 |  |                     
	  |  |  |                 +--+----- P_rubrum_1     
	  |  |  |                    |                     
	  +--+  |                    |  +-- P_cordatum     
	     |  |                    +--+                  
	     |  |                       +-- P_rubrum_2     
	     |  |                                          
	     |  |  +----------------------- P_collina      
	     |  |  |                                       
	     |  |  |                 +----- P_gibber       
	     |  |  +-----------------+                     
	     |  |  |                 |  +-- P_dolabelloides
	     +--+  |                 +--+                  
	        |  |                    +-- P_barnesiana   
	        |  |                                       
	        |  |                 +----- P_cyphyus      
	        |  +-----------------+                     
	        |  |                 |  +-- E_arca         
	        |  |                 +--+                  
	        |  |                    +-- E_crassidens   
	        |  |                                       
	        |  |                    +-- P_clava        
	        |  |           +--------+                  
	        |  |           |        +-- P_oviforme     
	        |  |           |                           
	        |  |           |  +-------- P_decisum      
	        +--+-----------+  |                        
	           |           |  +-------- P_pyriforme    
	           |           |  |                        
	           |           |  +-------- P_hanleyianum  
	           |           +--+                        
	           |              +-------- P_georgianum   
	           |              |                        
	           |              |  +----- P_rubellum     
	           |              |  |                     
	           |              |  +----- P_beadleianum  
	           |              +--+                     
	           |                 +----- P_strodeanum   
	           |                 |                     
	           |                 |  +-- P_perovatum    
	           |                 +--+                  
	           |                    +-- P_taitianum    
	           |                                       
	           |  +-------------------- F_subrotunda   
	           |  |                                    
	           |  |                 +-- F_cor          
	           +--+  +--------------+                  
	              |  |              +-- F_cuneolus     
	              |  |                                 
	              |  |  +-------------- F_ozarkensis   
	              +--+  |                              
	                 |  |     +-------- F_masoni       
	                 |  |     |                        
	                 |  |     |     +-- F_burkei       
	                 |  |  +--+-----+                  
	                 +--+  |  |     +-- F_escambia     
	                    |  |  |                        
	                    |  |  |  +----- F_cerina       
	                    |  |  +--+                     
	                    |  |     |  +-- F_askewi_1     
	                    |  |     +--+                  
	                    +--+        +-- F_flava        
	                       |                           
	                       |        +-- F_askewi_2     
	                       |        |                  
	                       |        +-- F_askewi_3     
	                       |        |                  
	                       |        +-- F_askewi_4     
	                       +--------+                  
	                                +-- F_lananensis_1 
	                                |                  
	                                +-- F_lananensis_2 
	                                |                  
	                                +-- F_askewi_5     
  

Campbell et al., 2005

fig. 1: [clade_id: 409] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 19, direct-child terminals: 19
rigorous outgroups.: 20, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 8
(((P_rubrum, P_cordatum), (P_rubrum, P_sintoxia)), (P_pyriforme, ((P_georgianum, P_georgianum, P_athearni), ((P_decisum, (P_hanleyianum, P_hanleyianum, P_georgianum)), ((P_oviforme, P_oviforme, P_clava), (P_strodeanum, (P_rubellum, (P_perovatum, P_taitianum))))))))


	                       +-- P_rubrum_1     
	                    +--+                  
	                    |  +-- P_cordatum     
	  +-----------------+                     
	  |                 |  +-- P_rubrum_2     
	  |                 +--+                  
	  |                    +-- P_sintoxia     
	--+                                       
	  |  +-------------------- P_pyriforme    
	  |  |                                    
	  |  |                 +-- P_georgianum_1 
	  |  |                 |                  
	  +--+  +--------------+-- P_georgianum_2 
	     |  |              |                  
	     |  |              +-- P_athearni     
	     |  |                                 
	     |  |           +----- P_decisum      
	     +--+           |                     
	        |  +--------+  +-- P_hanleyianum_1
	        |  |        |  |                  
	        |  |        +--+-- P_hanleyianum_2
	        |  |           |                  
	        |  |           +-- P_georgianum_3 
	        +--+                              
	           |           +-- P_oviforme_1   
	           |           |                  
	           |  +--------+-- P_oviforme_2   
	           |  |        |                  
	           +--+        +-- P_clava        
	              |                           
	              |  +-------- P_strodeanum   
	              +--+                        
	                 |  +----- P_rubellum     
	                 +--+                     
	                    |  +-- P_perovatum    
	                    +--+                  
	                       +-- P_taitianum    
  

fig. 2: [clade_id: 638] "Pleurobema" + Pleuronaia + Fusconaia
spp. terminals: 18, direct-child terminals: 18
rigorous outgroups.: 18, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 8
(((P_rubrum, P_sintoxia), (P_rubrum, P_cordatum)), (F_subrotunda, ((F_cor, F_cuneolus), ((F_cerina, F_flava), (F_burkei, (F_escambia, F_burkei))))), ((P_gibber, (P_barnesiana, P_dolabelloides)), ((P_rubellum, (P_strodeanum, (P_perovatum, P_taitianum))), ((P_oviforme, P_oviforme, P_clava), (P_pyriforme, ((P_athearni, P_georgianum), (P_decisum, (P_hanleyianum, P_hanleyianum, P_georgianum))))))))


	                       +-- P_rubrum_1     
	                    +--+                  
	                    |  +-- P_sintoxia     
	  +-----------------+                     
	  |                 |  +-- P_rubrum_2     
	  |                 +--+                  
	  |                    +-- P_cordatum     
	  |                                       
	  |        +-------------- F_subrotunda   
	  |        |                              
	  |        |           +-- F_cor          
	  +--------+  +--------+                  
	  |        |  |        +-- F_cuneolus     
	  |        |  |                           
	  |        +--+        +-- F_cerina       
	  |           |  +-----+                  
	  |           |  |     +-- F_flava        
	--+           +--+                        
	  |              |  +----- F_burkei_1     
	  |              +--+                     
	  |                 |  +-- F_escambia     
	  |                 +--+                  
	  |                    +-- F_burkei_2     
	  |                                       
	  |                 +----- P_gibber       
	  |  +--------------+                     
	  |  |              |  +-- P_barnesiana   
	  |  |              +--+                  
	  |  |                 +-- P_dolabelloides
	  |  |                                    
	  |  |           +-------- P_rubellum     
	  +--+  +--------+                        
	     |  |        |  +----- P_strodeanum   
	     |  |        +--+                     
	     |  |           |  +-- P_perovatum    
	     |  |           +--+                  
	     |  |              +-- P_taitianum    
	     +--+                                 
	        |              +-- P_oviforme_1   
	        |              |                  
	        |  +-----------+-- P_oviforme_2   
	        |  |           |                  
	        |  |           +-- P_clava        
	        +--+                              
	           |  +----------- P_pyriforme    
	           |  |                           
	           +--+        +-- P_athearni     
	              |  +-----+                  
	              |  |     +-- P_georgianum_1 
	              +--+                        
	                 |  +----- P_decisum      
	                 |  |                     
	                 +--+  +-- P_hanleyianum_1
	                    |  |                  
	                    +--+-- P_hanleyianum_2
	                       |                  
	                       +-- P_georgianum_2 
  

Burdick & White, 2007

fig. 3: [clade_id: 3481] "Pleurobema" + Pleuronaia + Fusconaia
spp. terminals: 19, direct-child terminals: 19
rigorous outgroups.: 19, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 6
(P_plenum, (P_barnesiana, P_gibber), ((P_stabile, (((P_rubellum, P_strodeanum), (P_beadleianum, (P_perovatum, P_taitianum))), ((P_clava, P_oviforme), ((P_decisum, P_hanleyianum), (P_pyriforme, P_georgianum))))), ((P_sintoxia, (P_cordatum, P_sintoxia, P_rubrum)), ((F_flava, P_cordatum, P_cordatum), (F_subrotunda, ((F_cor, F_cuneolus), (F_ozarkensis, ((F_masoni, F_flava), (F_flava, F_cerina, (F_cerina, F_cerina, F_cerina, F_flava))))))))))


	  +----------------------------- P_plenum     
	  |                                           
	  |                          +-- P_barnesiana 
	  +--------------------------+                
	  |                          +-- P_gibber     
	  |                                           
	  |              +-------------- P_stabile    
	  |              |                            
	  |              |           +-- P_rubellum   
	  |              |     +-----+                
	  |              |     |     +-- P_strodeanum 
	  |  +-----------+  +--+                      
	--+  |           |  |  |  +----- P_beadleianum
	  |  |           |  |  +--+                   
	  |  |           |  |     |  +-- P_perovatum  
	  |  |           |  |     +--+                
	  |  |           +--+        +-- P_taitianum  
	  |  |              |                         
	  |  |              |        +-- P_clava      
	  |  |              |  +-----+                
	  |  |              |  |     +-- P_oviforme   
	  |  |              |  |                      
	  |  |              +--+     +-- P_decisum    
	  |  |                 |  +--+                
	  +--+                 |  |  +-- P_hanleyianum
	     |                 +--+                   
	     |                    |  +-- P_pyriforme  
	     |                    +--+                
	     |                       +-- P_georgianum 
	     |                                        
	     |                    +----- P_sintoxia_1 
	     |                    |                   
	     |  +-----------------+  +-- P_cordatum_1 
	     |  |                 |  |                
	     |  |                 +--+-- P_sintoxia_2 
	     |  |                    |                
	     |  |                    +-- P_rubrum     
	     +--+                                     
	        |                    +-- F_flava_1    
	        |                    |                
	        |  +-----------------+-- P_cordatum_2 
	        |  |                 |                
	        |  |                 +-- P_cordatum_3 
	        +--+                                  
	           |  +----------------- F_subrotunda 
	           |  |                               
	           |  |              +-- F_cor        
	           +--+  +-----------+                
	              |  |           +-- F_cuneolus   
	              |  |                            
	              +--+  +----------- F_ozarkensis 
	                 |  |                         
	                 |  |        +-- F_masoni     
	                 +--+  +-----+                
	                    |  |     +-- F_flava_2    
	                    |  |                      
	                    +--+  +----- F_flava_3    
	                       |  |                   
	                       |  +----- F_cerina_1   
	                       +--+                   
	                          |  +-- F_cerina_2   
	                          |  |                
	                          |  +-- F_cerina_3   
	                          +--+                
	                             +-- F_cerina_4   
	                             |                
	                             +-- F_flava_4    
  

Campbell et al., 2008

fig. 2: [clade_id: 3891] "Pleurobema" + Pleuronaia + Parvaspina + Elliptio + Hemistena + Plethobasus + Fusconaia + Eurynia
spp. terminals: 17, direct-child terminals: 17
rigorous outgroups.: 9, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 7
(((P_cordatum, P_rubrum, P_sintoxia), ((F_cerina, F_flava), (P_gibber, (E_dilatata, H_lata, P_cyphyus, P_collina, (E_arca, E_crassidens))))), (P_stabile, (P_pyriforme, (P_georgianum, P_athearni), (P_decisum, (P_hanleyianum, P_georgianum)), ((P_clava, P_oviforme), (P_rubellum, P_strodeanum, (P_beadleianum, (P_taitianum, P_perovatum)))))))


	                    +-- P_cordatum    
	                    |                 
	        +-----------+-- P_rubrum      
	        |           |                 
	        |           +-- P_sintoxia    
	        |                             
	  +-----+           +-- F_cerina      
	  |     |  +--------+                 
	  |     |  |        +-- F_flava       
	  |     |  |                          
	  |     +--+  +-------- P_gibber      
	  |        |  |                       
	  |        |  |  +----- E_dilatata    
	  |        +--+  |                    
	  |           |  +----- H_lata        
	  |           |  |                    
	  |           +--+----- P_cyphyus     
	--+              |                    
	  |              +----- P_collina     
	  |              |                    
	  |              |  +-- E_arca        
	  |              +--+                 
	  |                 +-- E_crassidens  
	  |                                   
	  |  +----------------- P_stabile     
	  |  |                                
	  |  |  +-------------- P_pyriforme   
	  |  |  |                             
	  +--+  |           +-- P_georgianum_1
	     |  +-----------+                 
	     |  |           +-- P_athearni    
	     |  |                             
	     |  |        +----- P_decisum     
	     +--+--------+                    
	        |        |  +-- P_hanleyianum 
	        |        +--+                 
	        |           +-- P_georgianum_2
	        |                             
	        |           +-- P_clava       
	        |  +--------+                 
	        |  |        +-- P_oviforme    
	        +--+                          
	           |  +-------- P_rubellum    
	           |  |                       
	           +--+-------- P_strodeanum  
	              |                       
	              |  +----- P_beadleianum 
	              +--+                    
	                 |  +-- P_taitianum   
	                 +--+                 
	                    +-- P_perovatum   
  

fig. 4: [clade_id: 3935] "Pleurobema" + Pleuronaia + Elliptio + Parvaspina + Hemistena + Plethobasus + Cyrtonaias + Fusconaia + Eurynia
spp. terminals: 16, direct-child terminals: 16
rigorous outgroups.: 10, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 7
(C_tampicoensis, E_dilatata, F_cerina, F_flava, H_lata, P_cyphyus, P_collina, P_cordatum, P_gibber, P_oviforme, P_stabile, (E_arca, (E_crassidens, E_arctata)), (P_decisum, P_clava, P_oviforme, (P_rubrum, P_sintoxia), (P_beadleianum, (P_pyriforme, (P_rubellum, P_hanleyianum, P_georgianum, (P_hanleyianum, (P_georgianum, P_athearni)))))))


	  +-------------------- C_tampicoensis 
	  |                                    
	  +-------------------- E_dilatata     
	  |                                    
	  +-------------------- F_cerina       
	  |                                    
	  +-------------------- F_flava        
	  |                                    
	  +-------------------- H_lata         
	  |                                    
	  +-------------------- P_cyphyus      
	  |                                    
	  +-------------------- P_collina      
	  |                                    
	  +-------------------- P_cordatum     
	  |                                    
	  +-------------------- P_gibber       
	--+                                    
	  +-------------------- P_oviforme_1   
	  |                                    
	  +-------------------- P_stabile      
	  |                                    
	  |              +----- E_arca         
	  +--------------+                     
	  |              |  +-- E_crassidens   
	  |              +--+                  
	  |                 +-- E_arctata      
	  |                                    
	  |  +----------------- P_decisum      
	  |  |                                 
	  |  +----------------- P_clava        
	  |  |                                 
	  |  +----------------- P_oviforme_2   
	  |  |                                 
	  +--+              +-- P_rubrum       
	     +--------------+                  
	     |              +-- P_sintoxia     
	     |                                 
	     |  +-------------- P_beadleianum  
	     |  |                              
	     +--+  +----------- P_pyriforme    
	        |  |                           
	        +--+  +-------- P_rubellum     
	           |  |                        
	           |  +-------- P_hanleyianum_1
	           +--+                        
	              +-------- P_georgianum_1 
	              |                        
	              |  +----- P_hanleyianum_2
	              +--+                     
	                 |  +-- P_georgianum_2 
	                 +--+                  
	                    +-- P_athearni     
  

fig. 5: [clade_id: 3973] "Pleurobema" + Pleuronaia + Parvaspina + Elliptio + Hemistena + Plethobasus + Cyrtonaias + Fusconaia + Eurynia
spp. terminals: 17, direct-child terminals: 17
rigorous outgroups.: 10, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 7
(P_decisum, P_rubellum, P_georgianum, P_stabile, P_pyriforme, P_oviforme, P_hanleyianum, P_gibber, P_georgianum, P_cordatum, P_beadleianum, H_lata, F_flava, F_cerina, E_dilatata, E_arca, C_tampicoensis, (P_cyphyus, P_collina), (P_athearni, P_georgianum, P_hanleyianum), (P_oviforme, P_clava, (P_rubrum, P_sintoxia)))


	  +-------- P_decisum      
	  |                        
	  +-------- P_rubellum     
	  |                        
	  +-------- P_georgianum_1 
	  |                        
	  +-------- P_stabile      
	  |                        
	  +-------- P_pyriforme    
	  |                        
	  +-------- P_oviforme_1   
	  |                        
	  +-------- P_hanleyianum_1
	  |                        
	  +-------- P_gibber       
	  |                        
	  +-------- P_georgianum_2 
	  |                        
	  +-------- P_cordatum     
	  |                        
	  +-------- P_beadleianum  
	  |                        
	  +-------- H_lata         
	--+                        
	  +-------- F_flava        
	  |                        
	  +-------- F_cerina       
	  |                        
	  +-------- E_dilatata     
	  |                        
	  +-------- E_arca         
	  |                        
	  +-------- C_tampicoensis 
	  |                        
	  |     +-- P_cyphyus      
	  +-----+                  
	  |     +-- P_collina      
	  |                        
	  |     +-- P_athearni     
	  |     |                  
	  +-----+-- P_georgianum_3 
	  |     |                  
	  |     +-- P_hanleyianum_2
	  |                        
	  |  +----- P_oviforme_2   
	  |  |                     
	  +--+----- P_clava        
	     |                     
	     |  +-- P_rubrum       
	     +--+                  
	        +-- P_sintoxia     
  

fig. 6: [clade_id: 4019] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 18, direct-child terminals: 18
rigorous outgroups.: 9, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 7
(((P_cordatum, P_rubrum), (P_rubrum, P_sintoxia)), (P_stabile, (P_pyriforme, ((P_decisum, (P_hanleyianum, P_georgianum)), ((P_georgianum, P_athearni), ((P_oviforme, P_clava), (P_beadleianum, P_rubellum, P_strodeanum, (P_perovatum, P_taitianum))))))))


	                       +-- P_cordatum    
	                    +--+                 
	                    |  +-- P_rubrum_1    
	  +-----------------+                    
	  |                 |  +-- P_rubrum_2    
	  |                 +--+                 
	--+                    +-- P_sintoxia    
	  |                                      
	  |  +-------------------- P_stabile     
	  |  |                                   
	  +--+  +----------------- P_pyriforme   
	     |  |                                
	     |  |           +----- P_decisum     
	     +--+  +--------+                    
	        |  |        |  +-- P_hanleyianum 
	        |  |        +--+                 
	        |  |           +-- P_georgianum_1
	        +--+                             
	           |           +-- P_georgianum_2
	           |  +--------+                 
	           |  |        +-- P_athearni    
	           |  |                          
	           +--+        +-- P_oviforme    
	              |  +-----+                 
	              |  |     +-- P_clava       
	              |  |                       
	              +--+  +----- P_beadleianum 
	                 |  |                    
	                 |  +----- P_rubellum    
	                 +--+                    
	                    +----- P_strodeanum  
	                    |                    
	                    |  +-- P_perovatum   
	                    +--+                 
	                       +-- P_taitianum   
  

Campbell & Lydeard, 2012

fig. 1-2: [clade_id: 5757] "Pleurobema" + Pleuronaia + Parvaspina + Elliptio + Hemistena + Plethobasus + Fusconaia + Eurynia
spp. terminals: 17, direct-child terminals: 17
rigorous outgroups.: 25, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 8
(P_stabile, (((P_clava, P_oviforme), (P_pyriforme, (((P_athearni, P_georgianum), (P_decisum, P_hanleyianum)), (P_beadleianum, P_strodeanum, P_rubellum, (P_perovatum, P_taitianum))))), ((P_riddellii, (P_cordatum, (P_rubrum, P_sintoxia))), ((F_subrotunda, ((F_cor, F_cuneolus), (F_ozarkensis, ((F_escambia, F_burkei), (F_masoni, (F_flava, F_cerina)))))), ((P_gibber, (P_barnesiana, P_dolabelloides)), ((E_dilatata, P_collina), ((H_lata, P_cyphyus), (E_shepardiana, (E_complanata, (E_purpurella, (E_arca, E_arctata)), (E_mcmichaeli, E_pullata, E_crassidens))))))))))


	  +-------------------------------- P_stabile      
	  |                                                
	  |                             +-- P_clava        
	  |                 +-----------+                  
	  |                 |           +-- P_oviforme     
	  |                 |                              
	  |  +--------------+  +----------- P_pyriforme    
	  |  |              |  |                           
	  |  |              |  |        +-- P_athearni     
	  |  |              |  |     +--+                  
	--+  |              +--+     |  +-- P_georgianum   
	  |  |                 |  +--+                     
	  |  |                 |  |  |  +-- P_decisum      
	  |  |                 |  |  +--+                  
	  |  |                 |  |     +-- P_hanleyianum  
	  |  |                 +--+                        
	  |  |                    |  +----- P_beadleianum  
	  |  |                    |  |                     
	  |  |                    |  +----- P_strodeanum   
	  |  |                    +--+                     
	  |  |                       +----- P_rubellum     
	  +--+                       |                     
	     |                       |  +-- P_perovatum    
	     |                       +--+                  
	     |                          +-- P_taitianum    
	     |                                             
	     |                    +-------- P_riddellii    
	     |  +-----------------+                        
	     |  |                 |  +----- P_cordatum     
	     |  |                 +--+                     
	     |  |                    |  +-- P_rubrum       
	     |  |                    +--+                  
	     |  |                       +-- P_sintoxia     
	     |  |                                          
	     |  |        +----------------- F_subrotunda   
	     |  |        |                                 
	     +--+  +-----+              +-- F_cor          
	        |  |     |  +-----------+                  
	        |  |     |  |           +-- F_cuneolus     
	        |  |     +--+                              
	        |  |        |  +----------- F_ozarkensis   
	        |  |        |  |                           
	        |  |        +--+        +-- F_escambia     
	        |  |           |  +-----+                  
	        |  |           |  |     +-- F_burkei       
	        |  |           +--+                        
	        +--+              |  +----- F_masoni       
	           |              +--+                     
	           |                 |  +-- F_flava        
	           |                 +--+                  
	           |                    +-- F_cerina       
	           |                                       
	           |                 +----- P_gibber       
	           |  +--------------+                     
	           |  |              |  +-- P_barnesiana   
	           |  |              +--+                  
	           |  |                 +-- P_dolabelloides
	           +--+                                    
	              |                 +-- E_dilatata     
	              |  +--------------+                  
	              |  |              +-- P_collina      
	              |  |                                 
	              +--+              +-- H_lata         
	                 |  +-----------+                  
	                 |  |           +-- P_cyphyus      
	                 |  |                              
	                 +--+  +----------- E_shepardiana  
	                    |  |                           
	                    |  |  +-------- E_complanata   
	                    +--+  |                        
	                       |  |  +----- E_purpurella   
	                       |  +--+                     
	                       |  |  |  +-- E_arca         
	                       +--+  +--+                  
	                          |     +-- E_arctata      
	                          |                        
	                          |     +-- E_mcmichaeli   
	                          |     |                  
	                          +-----+-- E_pullata      
	                                |                  
	                                +-- E_crassidens   
  

fig. 3: [clade_id: 5856] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 17, direct-child terminals: 17
rigorous outgroups.: 25, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 8
((P_riddellii, (P_cordatum, (P_rubrum, P_sintoxia))), (P_stabile, ((P_strodeanum, (P_rubellum, (P_beadleianum, (P_perovatum, P_taitianum)))), ((P_clava, P_oviforme), (P_pyriforme, ((P_athearni, P_georgianum), (P_decisum, P_hanleyianum)))))))


	              +-------- P_riddellii  
	  +-----------+                      
	  |           |  +----- P_cordatum   
	  |           +--+                   
	  |              |  +-- P_rubrum     
	  |              +--+                
	--+                 +-- P_sintoxia   
	  |                                  
	  |  +----------------- P_stabile    
	  |  |                               
	  |  |     +----------- P_strodeanum 
	  |  |  +--+                         
	  +--+  |  |  +-------- P_rubellum   
	     |  |  +--+                      
	     |  |     |  +----- P_beadleianum
	     |  |     +--+                   
	     |  |        |  +-- P_perovatum  
	     +--+        +--+                
	        |           +-- P_taitianum  
	        |                            
	        |           +-- P_clava      
	        |  +--------+                
	        |  |        +-- P_oviforme   
	        +--+                         
	           |  +-------- P_pyriforme  
	           |  |                      
	           +--+     +-- P_athearni   
	              |  +--+                
	              |  |  +-- P_georgianum 
	              +--+                   
	                 |  +-- P_decisum    
	                 +--+                
	                    +-- P_hanleyianum
  

Kandl et al., 2001

fig. 4: [clade_id: 1516] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 11, direct-child terminals: 11
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(P_sintoxia, (P_strodeanum, (P_pyriforme, (P_pyriforme, P_pyriforme, P_pyriforme, P_pyriforme, P_pyriforme, Pleurobema, P_pyriforme, Pleurobema))))


	  +----------- P_sintoxia   
	  |                         
	--+  +-------- P_strodeanum 
	  |  |                      
	  |  |  +----- P_pyriforme_1
	  +--+  |                   
	     |  |  +-- P_pyriforme_2
	     |  |  |                
	     +--+  +-- P_pyriforme_3
	        |  |                
	        |  +-- P_pyriforme_4
	        |  |                
	        |  +-- P_pyriforme_5
	        +--+                
	           +-- P_pyriforme_6
	           |                
	           +-- Pleurobema_1 
	           |                
	           +-- P_pyriforme_7
	           |                
	           +-- Pleurobema_2 
  

fig. 5: [clade_id: 1494] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 10, direct-child terminals: 10
rigorous outgroups.: 2, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(P_sintoxia, ((P_clava, P_strodeanum), (P_pyriforme, (P_pyriforme, Pleurobema, P_pyriforme, P_pyriforme, P_pyriforme, P_pyriforme))))


	  +----------- P_sintoxia   
	  |                         
	  |        +-- P_clava      
	--+  +-----+                
	  |  |     +-- P_strodeanum 
	  |  |                      
	  +--+  +----- P_pyriforme_1
	     |  |                   
	     |  |  +-- P_pyriforme_2
	     +--+  |                
	        |  +-- Pleurobema   
	        |  |                
	        |  +-- P_pyriforme_3
	        +--+                
	           +-- P_pyriforme_4
	           |                
	           +-- P_pyriforme_5
	           |                
	           +-- P_pyriforme_6
  

Perkins et al., 2017

fig. 2: [clade_id: 8466] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 10, direct-child terminals: 10
rigorous outgroups.: 25, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 6
((P_clava, P_oviforme), ((P_pyriforme, (P_georgianum, (P_hanleyianum, P_decisum))), (P_rubellum, (P_perovatum, (P_beadleianum, P_strodeanum)))))


	              +-- P_clava      
	  +-----------+                
	  |           +-- P_oviforme   
	  |                            
	  |     +-------- P_pyriforme  
	--+  +--+                      
	  |  |  |  +----- P_georgianum 
	  |  |  +--+                   
	  |  |     |  +-- P_hanleyianum
	  +--+     +--+                
	     |        +-- P_decisum    
	     |                         
	     |  +-------- P_rubellum   
	     +--+                      
	        |  +----- P_perovatum  
	        +--+                   
	           |  +-- P_beadleianum
	           +--+                
	              +-- P_strodeanum 
  

fig. 3: [clade_id: 8492] "Pleurobema" + Pleuronaia + Elliptio + Fusconaia
spp. terminals: 10, direct-child terminals: 10
rigorous outgroups.: 16, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 6
(P_oviforme, P_clava, P_pyriforme, P_georgianum, P_beadleianum, P_hanleyianum, P_decisum, (P_rubellum, (P_sintoxia, P_rubrum)), (E_spinosa, (F_escambia, F_flava, F_cerina, (P_gibber, P_dolabelloides))))


	  +----------- P_oviforme     
	  |                           
	  +----------- P_clava        
	  |                           
	  +----------- P_pyriforme    
	  |                           
	  +----------- P_georgianum   
	  |                           
	  +----------- P_beadleianum  
	  |                           
	  +----------- P_hanleyianum  
	--+                           
	  +----------- P_decisum      
	  |                           
	  |     +----- P_rubellum     
	  +-----+                     
	  |     |  +-- P_sintoxia     
	  |     +--+                  
	  |        +-- P_rubrum       
	  |                           
	  |  +-------- E_spinosa      
	  |  |                        
	  +--+  +----- F_escambia     
	     |  |                     
	     |  +----- F_flava        
	     +--+                     
	        +----- F_cerina       
	        |                     
	        |  +-- P_gibber       
	        +--+                  
	           +-- P_dolabelloides
  

Pfeiffer et al., 2016

fig. 2: [clade_id: 8174] "Pleurobema" + Pleuronaia
spp. terminals: 6, direct-child terminals: 6
rigorous outgroups.: 15, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 8
((P_riddellii, (P_sintoxia, P_cordatum)), (P_dolabelloides, (P_pyriforme, P_strodeanum, P_clava)))


	     +----- P_riddellii    
	  +--+                     
	  |  |  +-- P_sintoxia     
	  |  +--+                  
	--+     +-- P_cordatum     
	  |                        
	  |  +----- P_dolabelloides
	  |  |                     
	  +--+  +-- P_pyriforme    
	     |  |                  
	     +--+-- P_strodeanum   
	        |                  
	        +-- P_clava        
  

Campbell & Lydeard, 2012

fig. 1: [clade_id: 5372] "Pleurobema" + Pleuronaia + Elliptio + Parvaspina + Hemistena + Plethobasus + Fusconaia + Eurynia
spp. terminals: 6, direct-child terminals: 6
rigorous outgroups.: 21, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 8
(P_stabile, ((P_pyriforme, (P_clava, P_decisum)), ((P_cordatum, P_sintoxia), (((E_dilatata, H_lata), (P_cyphyus, (E_arca, E_crassidens))), ((P_gibber, (P_barnesiana, P_dolabelloides)), (P_collina, (F_subrotunda, ((F_cor, F_cuneolus), (F_ozarkensis, ((F_burkei, F_escambia), (F_masoni, (F_cerina, (F_cerina, (F_flava, F_askewi))))))))))))))


	  +----------------------------------------- P_stabile      
	  |                                                         
	  |                                   +----- P_pyriforme    
	  |  +--------------------------------+                     
	--+  |                                |  +-- P_clava        
	  |  |                                +--+                  
	  |  |                                   +-- P_decisum      
	  |  |                                                      
	  +--+                                   +-- P_cordatum     
	     |  +--------------------------------+                  
	     |  |                                +-- P_sintoxia     
	     |  |                                                   
	     |  |                                +-- E_dilatata     
	     |  |                          +-----+                  
	     +--+                          |     +-- H_lata         
	        |  +-----------------------+                        
	        |  |                       |  +----- P_cyphyus      
	        |  |                       +--+                     
	        |  |                          |  +-- E_arca         
	        |  |                          +--+                  
	        +--+                             +-- E_crassidens   
	           |                                                
	           |                          +----- P_gibber       
	           |  +-----------------------+                     
	           |  |                       |  +-- P_barnesiana   
	           |  |                       +--+                  
	           +--+                          +-- P_dolabelloides
	              |                                             
	              |  +-------------------------- P_collina      
	              |  |                                          
	              +--+  +----------------------- F_subrotunda   
	                 |  |                                       
	                 +--+                    +-- F_cor          
	                    |  +-----------------+                  
	                    |  |                 +-- F_cuneolus     
	                    +--+                                    
	                       |  +----------------- F_ozarkensis   
	                       |  |                                 
	                       +--+              +-- F_burkei       
	                          |  +-----------+                  
	                          |  |           +-- F_escambia     
	                          +--+                              
	                             |  +----------- F_masoni       
	                             +--+                           
	                                |  +-------- F_cerina_1     
	                                +--+                        
	                                   |  +----- F_cerina_2     
	                                   +--+                     
	                                      |  +-- F_flava        
	                                      +--+                  
	                                         +-- F_askewi       
  

fig. 2: [clade_id: 5448] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 6, direct-child terminals: 6
rigorous outgroups.: 21, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 8
((P_cordatum, P_sintoxia), (P_stabile, (P_pyriforme, (P_clava, P_decisum))))


	           +-- P_cordatum 
	  +--------+              
	  |        +-- P_sintoxia 
	--+                       
	  |  +-------- P_stabile  
	  +--+                    
	     |  +----- P_pyriforme
	     +--+                 
	        |  +-- P_clava    
	        +--+              
	           +-- P_decisum  
  

fig. 3: [clade_id: 5532] "Pleurobema" + Fusconaia
spp. terminals: 6, direct-child terminals: 6
rigorous outgroups.: 26, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 8
(((P_stabile, P_sintoxia), (P_decisum, (P_clava, P_pyriforme))), (P_cordatum, (F_subrotunda, ((F_cor, F_cuneolus), (F_ozarkensis, ((F_flava, F_masoni), ((F_escambia, F_burkei, F_burkei, F_burkei), (F_flava, (F_cerina, F_askewi, F_askewi, F_flava, F_flava)))))))))


	                          +-- P_stabile   
	                    +-----+               
	                    |     +-- P_sintoxia  
	  +-----------------+                     
	  |                 |  +----- P_decisum   
	  |                 +--+                  
	  |                    |  +-- P_clava     
	--+                    +--+               
	  |                       +-- P_pyriforme 
	  |                                       
	  |  +----------------------- P_cordatum  
	  |  |                                    
	  +--+  +-------------------- F_subrotunda
	     |  |                                 
	     |  |                 +-- F_cor       
	     +--+  +--------------+               
	        |  |              +-- F_cuneolus  
	        |  |                              
	        +--+  +-------------- F_ozarkensis
	           |  |                           
	           |  |           +-- F_flava_1   
	           |  |  +--------+               
	           +--+  |        +-- F_masoni    
	              |  |                        
	              |  |        +-- F_escambia  
	              |  |        |               
	              +--+        +-- F_burkei_1  
	                 |  +-----+               
	                 |  |     +-- F_burkei_2  
	                 |  |     |               
	                 |  |     +-- F_burkei_3  
	                 +--+                     
	                    |  +----- F_flava_2   
	                    |  |                  
	                    |  |  +-- F_cerina    
	                    +--+  |               
	                       |  +-- F_askewi_1  
	                       |  |               
	                       +--+-- F_askewi_2  
	                          |               
	                          +-- F_flava_3   
	                          |               
	                          +-- F_flava_4   
  

fig. 4: [clade_id: 5643] "Pleurobema" + Pleuronaia + Parvaspina + Elliptio + Hemistena + Plethobasus + Fusconaia + Eurynia
spp. terminals: 6, direct-child terminals: 6
rigorous outgroups.: 21, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 8
(P_stabile, (H_lata, (E_dilatata, ((P_cordatum, P_sintoxia), ((P_clava, (P_decisum, P_pyriforme)), ((P_collina, (P_gibber, (P_barnesiana, P_dolabelloides))), ((P_cyphyus, (E_arca, E_crassidens)), (F_subrotunda, ((F_cor, F_cuneolus), (F_ozarkensis, ((F_burkei, F_escambia), (F_masoni, (F_cerina, (F_cerina, (F_askewi, F_flava)))))))))))))))


	  +-------------------------------------------- P_stabile      
	  |                                                            
	--+  +----------------------------------------- H_lata         
	  |  |                                                         
	  +--+  +-------------------------------------- E_dilatata     
	     |  |                                                      
	     |  |                                   +-- P_cordatum     
	     +--+  +--------------------------------+                  
	        |  |                                +-- P_sintoxia     
	        |  |                                                   
	        |  |                             +----- P_clava        
	        +--+  +--------------------------+                     
	           |  |                          |  +-- P_decisum      
	           |  |                          +--+                  
	           |  |                             +-- P_pyriforme    
	           |  |                                                
	           +--+                       +-------- P_collina      
	              |  +--------------------+                        
	              |  |                    |  +----- P_gibber       
	              |  |                    +--+                     
	              |  |                       |  +-- P_barnesiana   
	              |  |                       +--+                  
	              +--+                          +-- P_dolabelloides
	                 |                                             
	                 |                       +----- P_cyphyus      
	                 |  +--------------------+                     
	                 |  |                    |  +-- E_arca         
	                 |  |                    +--+                  
	                 +--+                       +-- E_crassidens   
	                    |                                          
	                    |  +----------------------- F_subrotunda   
	                    |  |                                       
	                    +--+                    +-- F_cor          
	                       |  +-----------------+                  
	                       |  |                 +-- F_cuneolus     
	                       +--+                                    
	                          |  +----------------- F_ozarkensis   
	                          |  |                                 
	                          +--+              +-- F_burkei       
	                             |  +-----------+                  
	                             |  |           +-- F_escambia     
	                             +--+                              
	                                |  +----------- F_masoni       
	                                +--+                           
	                                   |  +-------- F_cerina_1     
	                                   +--+                        
	                                      |  +----- F_cerina_2     
	                                      +--+                     
	                                         |  +-- F_askewi       
	                                         +--+                  
	                                            +-- F_flava        
  

Pieri et al., 2018

fig. 3: [clade_id: 13950] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 3, direct-child terminals: 3
rigorous outgroups.: 31, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(P_clava, (P_riddellii, P_sintoxia))


	  +----- P_clava    
	--+                 
	  |  +-- P_riddellii
	  +--+              
	     +-- P_sintoxia 
  

Pfeiffer et al., 2019

fig. 1: [clade_id: 13803] "Pleurobema" + Fusconaia
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 4, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 4
(P_riddellii, (F_flava, P_strodeanum))


	  +----- P_riddellii 
	--+                  
	  |  +-- F_flava     
	  +--+               
	     +-- P_strodeanum
  

Lopes-Lima et al., 2019

fig. 2: [clade_id: 14203] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

fig. 3: [clade_id: 14267] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
(P_oviforme, P_riddellii)


	  +-- P_oviforme 
	--+              
	  +-- P_riddellii
  

fig. 4: [clade_id: 14313] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
(P_riddellii, P_oviforme)


	  +-- P_riddellii
	--+              
	  +-- P_oviforme 
  

Inoue et al., 2020

fig. 3: [clade_id: 15637] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 6, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 5
(P_clava, P_sintoxia)


	  +-- P_clava   
	--+             
	  +-- P_sintoxia
  

fig. 4: [clade_id: 15724] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 6, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 5
(P_clava, P_sintoxia)


	  +-- P_clava   
	--+             
	  +-- P_sintoxia
  

Krebs et al., 2003

fig. 3: [clade_id: 2331] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 3
unknown

Huang et al., 2019

fig. 2: [clade_id: 11597] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 4, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 4
unknown

fig. S3: [clade_id: 11937] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 4, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 4
unknown

fig. S4: [clade_id: 12362] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 4, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 4
unknown

Porto-Hannes et al., 2021

fig. 3: [clade_id: 20239] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

fig. 4: [clade_id: 20260] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

Wu et al., 2022

fig. 3: [clade_id: 20648] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

Hoeh et al., 2009

fig. 3: [clade_id: 4180] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 2, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
unknown

fig. 4: [clade_id: 4268] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 2, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
unknown

fig. 5: [clade_id: 4365] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 2, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
unknown

Boyer et al., 2011

fig. 3: [clade_id: 5217] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 3
unknown

fig. 4: [clade_id: 5281] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 3
unknown

Rosenberg et al., 1994

fig. 3: [clade_id: 854] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 2, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
unknown

Rosenberg et al., 1997

fig. 2A: [clade_id: 1021] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 2, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
unknown

Lopes-Lima et al., 2017

fig. 1-2: [clade_id: 8733] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 2, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
unknown

Smith et al., 2020

fig. 1: [clade_id: 18080] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

fig. 2-3: [clade_id: 18135] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

Smith et al., 2020

fig. 1: [clade_id: 18863] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 18, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 8
unknown

fig. 3: [clade_id: 18899] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 11, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

Hewitt et al., 2018

fig. 5: [clade_id: 10124] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

Graf & Cummings, 2006

fig. 2: [clade_id: 162] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 2, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
unknown

Bolotov et al., 2017

fig. S1: [clade_id: 8870] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 2, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
unknown

fig. S2: [clade_id: 9129] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 2, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
unknown

Whelan et al., 2011

fig. 1 ML: [clade_id: 5127] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

fig. 1 MP: [clade_id: 5053] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

Bolotov et al., 2017

fig. S1: [clade_id: 9492] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 2, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
unknown

Chapman et al., 2008

fig. 2: [clade_id: 4072] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

Burlakova et al., 2019

fig. 1: [clade_id: 14066] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

Teiga-Teixeira et al., 2020

fig. 1: [clade_id: 19306] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

Graf & Ó Foighil, 2000

fig. 2A: [clade_id: 52] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 2, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
unknown

fig. 2B: [clade_id: 116] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 2, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
unknown

Bogan & Hoeh, 2000

fig. 1: [clade_id: 1204] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 2, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
unknown

Hoeh et al., 2001

fig. 14.2: [clade_id: 1602] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 2, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
unknown

fig. 14.4: [clade_id: 1637] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 2, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
unknown

Hoeh et al., 2002

fig. 2: [clade_id: 1707] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 2, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
unknown

Lydeard et al., 2000

fig. 2a: [clade_id: 1265] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 5, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

fig. 2b: [clade_id: 1307] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 5, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

fig. 2c: [clade_id: 1355] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 5, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

fig. 2d: [clade_id: 1397] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 5, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

Roe & Hoeh, 2003

fig. 4.2: [clade_id: 2012] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 2, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
unknown

fig. 4.3: [clade_id: 2060] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 2, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
unknown

Lydeard et al., 1996

fig. 3: [clade_id: 903] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 2, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
unknown

fig. 4: [clade_id: 961] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 2, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
unknown

Huang et al., 2002

fig. 1: [clade_id: 1788] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

fig. 2: [clade_id: 1845] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

Pfeiffer et al., 2019

fig. 4-5: [clade_id: 15074] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 2, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
unknown

fig. 6: [clade_id: 15137] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 2, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
unknown

Chapman et al., 2008

fig. 1: [clade_id: 3657] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

Zanatta & Murphy, 2006

fig. 1: [clade_id: 3026] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 3
unknown

fig. 2: [clade_id: 3142] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 4, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 4
unknown

Jadhav & Jamkhedkar, 2009

fig. 11: [clade_id: 4456] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

Bolotov et al., 2018

fig. 2: [clade_id: 10403] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

Bolotov et al., 2020

fig. 1: [clade_id: 16378] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

Wu et al., 2018

fig. 2: [clade_id: 10548] Pleurobema
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 5, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 3
unknown

Page updated: 10:53:09 Fri 01 Jul 2022

 
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