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Page last updated
Wed 11 Sep 2019

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

This page lists the nominal species (available and otherwise) currently circumscribed under the valid name.

Search the database pages:

Bivalvia | Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Unioninae | Unionini | Unio

species Unio caffer Krauss, 1848: synonymy
     186 specimens available.

Unio caffer Krauss, 1848
Krauss, 1848, Südafrik. Moll.: 18, pl. 1, fig. 14.
Type(s): TYPE SMF_XXX, Rivers of Natal.

Unio zeyheri Menke, 1848
Menke, 1848, Z. Malak. 5: 28.

Unio cyamus Philippi, 1853
Philippi, 1853, Z. Malak. 8: 125.

Unio africanus Lea, 1856
Lea, 1856, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 8: 94.
Lea, 1857, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 3 [O. 6]: 300 [20], pl. 27, fig. 15.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE USNM_85233, C. Good Hope.

Unio caffer Küster, 1856
‘Krauss’ Küster, 1856, Conchyl. Cab. 9(2): 143, pl. 42, fig. 3. [in part]
(reference to Unio caffer Küster, 1856)

Unio caffer Küster, 1856
‘Krauss’ Küster, 1856, Conchyl. Cab. 9(2): 143, pl. 42, fig. 2. [in part]
(reference to Unio caffer Krauss, 1848)

Unio niloticus Küster, 1856
‘Caillaud’ Küster, 1856, Conchyl. Cab. 9(2): 158, pl. 45, fig. 5.
(misidentified reference to Unio niloticus Cailliaud, 1827)

Unio verrauxi Küster, 1856
‘Charpentier mss.’ Küster, 1856, Conchyl. Cab. 9(2): 150, pl. 43, fig. 6.

Unio verreauianus Lea, 1856
Lea, 1856, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 8: 94.
Lea, 1857, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 3 [O. 6]: 301 [21], pl. 27, fig. 16.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE USNM_84418, C. Good Hope.

Unio diminutis Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 151.
(incorrect original spelling of Unio diminutus Lea, 1859)
Type(s): LECTOTYPE BMNH_1965165, East Africa.

Unio diminutus Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 151 [as ‘diminutis’].
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 7]: 254, pl. 39, fig. 134.
(correct name for Unio diminutis Lea, 1859)
Type(s): BMNH_1965165, East Africa.

Unio gratiosus Küster, 1861
‘Parreiss in sched.’ Küster, 1861, Conchyl. Cab. 9(2): 239, pl. 80, fig. 3.
(homonym of Unio gratiosus Philippi, 1843)

Unio natalensis Lea, 1864
Lea, 1864, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 16: 113.
Lea, 1866, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6 [O. 11]: 59 [63], pl. 20, fig. 57.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (MONOTYPY) ANSP_41686, Umpingave River, Natal, S. Afr.

Unio zelebori Dunker, 1866
Dunker, 1866, Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 16: 915.
(homonym of Unio zelebori Zelebor, 1851)

Unio (Hyridella) fissidens O. Boettger, 1866
O. Boettger, 1866, Ber. Senckenb. Naturf. Ges. 1885/86: 27, pl. 2, figs. 6-7.
Type(s): TYPE SMF_3442, Hygap ostl. v. Keheum, S. Kalahari.

Unio (Hyridella) hygapanus O. Boettger, 1866
O. Boettger, 1866, Ber. Senckenb. Naturf. Ges. 1885/86: 26, pl. 2, fig. 5.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE SMF_3441, Hygap ostl. v. Keheum, S. Kalahari.

Unio rectilinearis Sowerby, 1868
Sowerby, 1868, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 65, sp. 332.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE BMNH_74-12-11-4, Riv. Columbia.

Unio verrauianus Sowerby, 1868
‘Lea’ Sowerby, 1868, Conch. Icon. 16: pl. 69, sp. 352.
(error for Unio verreauianus Lea, 1856)

Unio teyheri Lea, 1870
‘Menke’ Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 64.
(error for Unio zeyheri Menke, 1848)

Unio verreauxianus Lea, 1870
‘Lea’ Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 36.
‘Lea’ Kobelt, 1910, Abh. Senckenb. Naturf. Ges. 32: 85.
(error for Unio verreauianus Lea, 1856)

Unio gracilis Jickeli, 1874
‘Parreyss’ Jickeli, 1874, Nova Acta Dtsch. Akad. Naturf. 37(1): 280.
(intro'd as syn of Unio diminutus Lea, 1859)

Unio vaalensis Chaper, 1885
Chaper, 1885, Bull. Soc. Zool. France 10: 480, pl. 11, figs. 1-3.
Type(s): SYNTYPES MNHN_MP_0180, la Vaal, Afrique Australe.

Unio gratiosus Paetel, 1890
Paetel, 1890, Cat. Conch.-Samml. 3: 154.
(reference to Unio gratiosus Küster, 1861)

Unio verreauxi Smith, 1891
‘Kuster’ of Authors.
Smith, 1891, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 8: 319.
Sturany, 1899, Denk. Ak. Wien 67: 627.
Connolly, 1925, Rec. Albany Mus. 3: [1].
Connolly, 1939, Ann. S. Afr. Mus. 33: 608.
Heard & Vail, 1976, Zool. Africana 11(1): 45.
(error for Unio verrauxi Küster, 1856)

Unio caffer var. pentheri Sturany, 1898
Sturany, 1898, Anz. Kais. Akad. Wiss. , Math.-Nat. Classe 35(16): 161.
Sturany, 1899, Denk. Ak. Wien 67: 627, pl. 3, figs. 64-65.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio caffer Krauss, 1848)
Type(s): SYNTYPES NMW_XXX, Panda ma tinka (Zambezi drainage).

Unio charon Preston, 1910
Preston, 1910, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 6: 60, pl. 4, fig. 6.
Type(s): FIGURED SYNTYPE MRAC_56592, Brit. C. Afr.: Silongwe.

Unio mashonae Preston, 1910
Preston, 1910, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 6: 61, pl. 4, fig. 10 [as ‘mashonæ’].
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (ORIG. DESIG.) BMNH_1910-1-15-6, Banks of a strait, or on the veldt about 16 miles from Enkeldoorn, Mashonaland.

Unio vicinus Preston, 1910
Preston, 1910, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 6: 60, pl. 4, fig. 7.
(homonym of Unio vicinus Lea, 1856; renamed Unio silongweensis Preston, 1912)
Type(s): FIGURED SYNTYPE MRAC_56589, Brit. C. Afr.: Silongwe.

Unio silongweensis Preston, 1912
Preston, 1912, Nautilus 26: 35.
(new name for Unio vicinus Preston, 1910)

Unio (Cafferia) connollyi Pilsbry, 1923
Pilsbry, 1923, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 75: 276, text fig. 1; pl. 19, figs. 3-4.
Pilsbry & Bequaert, 1927, Bull. AMNH 53: 380.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (ORIG. DESIG.) ANSP_125501A, Port Natal, Africa.

Cafferia caffra obesa Connolly, 1925
Connolly, 1925, Rec. Albany Mus. 3: 261, pl. 1, figs. 1-4.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio caffer Krauss, 1848)
Type(s): POSSIBLE SYNTYPES MCZ_52457, Bushmans River, Alicedale, South Africa.

Page updated: 11:16:17 Wed 11 Sep 2019

 
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