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Page last updated
Tue 05 Oct 2021

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

The nominal species (available and otherwise) in this synonymy are listed by usage rather than strictly by publication date. The primary sorting order is by the most recent year (since 1969) that the species name was treated as valid, and then nominal species are sorted secondarily by publication year.

The taxonomic history of the valid species (since 1900) is listed at the bottom of the page.

Search the database pages:

Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Unioninae | Unionini | Unio

species Unio tigridis Bourguignat, 1852: nominal species
     41 specimens available.

Unio tigridis Bourguignat, 1852
Bourguignat, 1852, Test. Nov. Saulcy: 30.
Bourguignat, 1853, Catalogue Raissoné des Mollusques Terrestres et Fluviatiles Recueillis par M.F. Saulcy 1853: 77, pl. 4, figs. 7-9.
(renamed Margaron (Unio) tigris Lea, 1870)
Type(s): SYNTYPE MNHN_MP_0066, Bagdad.

Unio tigridisBourguignat (1852), Bourguignat (1853), Küster (1861), Lortet (1880), ..., Marrone et al. (2019), Príe et al. (2020), Graf & Cummings (2021), Lopes-Lima et al. (2021)
Margaron (Unio) tigrisLea (1870)
Unio (sec. Lymnium) tigridisSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio (Nemrodia) tigrisPallary (1939)
Unio tigridis tigridisHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio (s.s.) tigridisFalkner (1994)

Unio truncatus Swainson, 1823
Swainson, 1823, Zool. Illustr. 3(1): pl. 10.
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 269-270.
(homonym of Unio truncatus Spengler, 1793)

Unio truncatusSwainson (1823), Hanley (1843), Sowerby (1868)
Margarita (Unio) truncatusLea (1836), Lea (1838)
Unio (s.s.) truncatusSwainson (1840)
Margaron (Unio) truncatusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Lampsilis) truncatusAdams & Adams (1857)
Unio tigridisKobelt (1886), Westerlund (1890), Preston (1912)
Unio (sec. Lymnium) tigridisSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio tigridis tigridisHaas (1940), Haas (1969)

Unio natolicus Küster, 1856
Küster, 1856, Conchyl. Cab. 9(2): 144, pl. 42, fig. 4.

Unio natolicusKüster (1856)
Unio (Groupe de l‘Unio axiacus) huetiLocard (1883)
Unio (sec. Lymnium) batavusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio tigridis tigridisHaas (1940), Haas (1969)

Unio mussolianus Küster, 1861
‘Parreiss in sched.’ Küster, 1861, Conchyl. Cab. 9(2): 244, pl. 82, fig. 1.
(renamed Unio mossulianus Kobelt, 1912)

Unio mussolianusKüster (1861), Preston (1912)
Unio huetiKobelt (1886), Westerlund (1890)
Unio (sec. Lymnium) mussolianusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio (Limnium) mossulianusPallary (1939)
Unio tigridis tigridisHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio tigridisSchütt (1983), Lopes-Lima et al. (2021)

Unio bourguignatianus Lea, 1863
Lea, 1863, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 15: 189.
Lea, 1866, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6 [O. 11]: 54 [58], pl. 18, fig. 51.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84713, R. Tigris at Mosul, Persia.

Unio bourguignatianusLea (1863), Lea (1866), Paetel (1890), Westerlund (1890)
Margaron (Unio) bourguignatianusLea (1870)
Unio (sec. Lymnium) mussolianusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio mussolianusPreston (1912)
Unio tigridis tigridisHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio tigridisSchütt (1983), Lopes-Lima et al. (2021)

Unio dignatus Lea, 1863
Lea, 1863, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 15: 189.
Lea, 1866, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6 [O. 11]: 51 [55], pl. 17, fig. 48.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84714, R. Tigris at Bagdad, Persia.

Unio dignatusLea (1863), Lea (1866)
Margaron (Unio) dignatusLea (1870)
Unio tigridisKobelt (1886), Westerlund (1890), Preston (1912), Schütt (1983), Lopes-Lima et al. (2021)
Unio (sec. Lymnium) tigridisSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio (Nemrodia) dignatusPallary (1939)
Unio tigridis tigridisHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio (s.s.) tigridisFalkner (1994)

Unio mosulensis Lea, 1863
Lea, 1863, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 15: 190.
Lea, 1866, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6 [O. 11]: 52 [57], pl. 17, fig. 49.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85230, River Tigris, Mosul, Persia.

Unio mosulensisLea (1863), Lea (1866)
Margaron (Unio) mosulensisLea (1870)
Unio huetiKobelt (1886), Westerlund (1890)
Unio (sec. Lymnium) mussolianusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio mussolianusPreston (1912)
Unio tigridis tigridisHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio tigridisSchütt (1983), Lopes-Lima et al. (2021)

Unio rasus Lea, 1863
Lea, 1863, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 15: 189.
Lea, 1866, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6 [O. 11]: 50 [54], pl. 17, fig. 47.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85231, Assyria.

Unio rasusLea (1863), Lea (1866)
Margaron (Unio) rasusLea (1870)
Unio (sec. Lymnium) mussolianusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio mussolianusPreston (1912)
Unio tigridis tigridisHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio tigridisSchütt (1983), Lopes-Lima et al. (2021)

Margaron (Unio) tigris Lea, 1870
‘Fer.’ Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 21. [nomen nudum]
‘Fer.’ Lea, 1838, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 18. [nomen nudum]
‘Fer.’ Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 25. [nomen nudum]
‘Fer.’ Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 39.
(new name for Unio tigridis Bourguignat, 1852)
Type(s): MANUSCRIPT NAME USNM_84706, River at Bagdad, Persia.

Margaron (Unio) tigrisLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Margarita (Unio) tigrisLea (1836), Lea (1838)
Unio (Lampsilis) tigrisAdams & Adams (1857)
Unio (sec. Lymnium) tigridisSimpson (1900)
Unio tigridis tigridisHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio tigridisLopes-Lima et al. (2021)

Unio lunifer Lea, 1870
‘Bourg’ Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 37.
(error for Unio lunulifer Bourguignat, 1856)

Unio luniferLea (1870)

Unio mossulensis Kobelt, 1886
‘Lea’ of Authors.
Kobelt, 1886, Icon. Land- und Süssw.-Moll. 2: 22.
Paetel, 1890, Cat. Conch.-Samml. 3: 173.
‘Lea’ Westerlund, 1890, Fauna Paläarct. Binnenconch. 2(7): 171.
(error for Unio mosulensis Lea, 1863)

Unio mossulensisKobelt (1886)
Unio (sec. Lymnium) mussolianusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)

Unio anemprostus Westerlund, 1890
‘(Bgt.) Loc.’ Westerlund, 1890, Fauna Paläarct. Binnenconch. 2(7): 175.
(error for Unio anemprosthus Locard, 1883)

Unio anemprostusWesterlund (1890)

Unio petroi Paetel, 1890
‘Loc.’ Paetel, 1890, Cat. Conch.-Samml. 3: 163.
(error for Unio pietri Locard, 1883)

Unio petroiPaetel (1890)
Unio (sec. Lymnium) pietriSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)

Unio zabulonicus Kobelt, 1893
Kobelt, 1893, Icon. Land- und Süssw.-Moll. 6: 96, pl. 179, fig. 1129.
(misidentified reference to Unio zabulonicus Locard, 1883)

Unio zabulonicusKobelt (1893)
Unio (sec. Lymnium) ellipsoideusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)

Unio lorteti Kobelt, 1895
Kobelt, 1895, Iconogr. Land-Süßw.-Moll., Supplement 1: 14, pl. 5, fig. 3.
(misidentified reference to Unio lorteti Locard, 1883)

Unio lortetiKobelt (1895)
Unio (sec. Lymnium) ellipsoideusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)

Unio lortiti Simpson, 1900
‘Kobelt’ Simpson, 1900, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 22: 690.
(error for Unio lorteti Kobelt, 1895)

Unio lortitiSimpson (1900)

Unio calliopsis Kobelt, 1912
Kobelt, 1912, Icon. Land- und Süssw.-Moll. 19: 15, pl. 519, fig. 2703.

Unio calliopsisKobelt (1912)
Unio (Nemrodia) calliopsisPallary (1939)
Unio tigridis tigridisHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio tigridisSchütt (1983), Lopes-Lima et al. (2021)

Unio hyperamblius Kobelt, 1912
Kobelt, 1912, Icon. Land- und Süssw.-Moll. 19: 15, pl. 519, fig. 2701.

Unio hyperambliusKobelt (1912)
Unio tigridis tigridisHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio tigridisSchütt (1983), Lopes-Lima et al. (2021)

Unio mossulianus Kobelt, 1912
Kobelt, 1912, Icon. Land- und Süssw.-Moll. 19: 46, pl. 503, fig. 2658.
(new name for Unio mussolianus Küster, 1861)

Unio mossulianusKobelt (1912)
Unio (sec. Lymnium) mussolianusSimpson (1914)
Unio (Limnium) mossulianusPallary (1939)

Unio siouffi Kobelt, 1912
Kobelt, 1912, Icon. Land- und Süssw.-Moll. 19: 47, pl. 534, fig. 2747.

Unio siouffiKobelt (1912)
Unio tigridis tigridisHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio tigridisSchütt (1983), Lopes-Lima et al. (2021)

Unio dignatus assuricus Kobelt, 1912
Kobelt, 1912, Icon. Land- und Süssw.-Moll. 19: 13, pl. 518, fig. 2699.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio dignatus Lea, 1863)

Unio dignatus assuricusKobelt (1912)
Unio (sec. Lymnium) tigridisSimpson (1914)
Unio tigridis tigridisHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio tigridisSchütt (1983), Lopes-Lima et al. (2021)

Unio dignatus ninusi Kobelt, 1912
Kobelt, 1912, Icon. Land- und Süssw.-Moll. 19: 13, pl. 518, fig. 2700.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio dignatus Lea, 1863)

Unio dignatus ninusiKobelt (1912)
Unio (sec. Lymnium) tigridisSimpson (1914)
Unio tigridis tigridisHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio tigridisSchütt (1983), Lopes-Lima et al. (2021)

Unio dignatus semiramidis Kobelt, 1912
Kobelt, 1912, Icon. Land- und Süssw.-Moll. 19: 11, pl. 517, figs. 2698.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio dignatus Lea, 1863)

Unio dignatus semiramidisKobelt (1912)
Unio (sec. Lymnium) tigridisSimpson (1914)
Unio (Nemrodia) semiramidisPallary (1939)
Unio tigridis tigridisHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio tigridisSchütt (1983), Lopes-Lima et al. (2021)

Unio tigridis var. haruni Kobelt, 1912
Kobelt, 1912, Icon. Land- und Süssw.-Moll. 19: 2, pl. 32, fig. 226.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio tigridis Bourguignat, 1852)

Unio tigridis var. haruniKobelt (1912)
Unio tigridis tigridisHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio tigridisSchütt (1983), Lopes-Lima et al. (2021)

Unio (Nemrodia) tammouziana Pallary, 1939
Pallary, 1933, Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. 5: 149. [nomen nudum]
Pallary, 1939, Mém. Inst. Égypte 39: 118, pl. 7, figs. 2-4.

Unio (Nemrodia) tammouzianaPallary (1939)
Unio tigridis tigridisHaas (1969)
Unio tigridisSchütt (1983), Lopes-Lima et al. (2021)

Unio (Nemrodia) tammouziana var. major Pallary, 1939
Pallary, 1939, Mém. Inst. Égypte 39: 118.
(homonym of Unio (Anodontes) sirionos var. major d’Orbigny, 1835; intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio (Nemrodia) tammouziana Pallary, 1939)

Unio (Nemrodia) tammouziana var. majorPallary (1939)
Unio tigridis tigridisHaas (1969)
Unio tigridisLopes-Lima et al. (2021)

Unio (Nemrodia) tammouziana var. minor Pallary, 1939
Pallary, 1939, Mém. Inst. Égypte 39: 119.
(homonym of Unio margaritifer var. minor Rossmässler, 1835; intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio (Nemrodia) tammouziana Pallary, 1939)

Unio (Nemrodia) tammouziana var. minorPallary (1939)
Unio tigridis tigridisHaas (1969)
Unio tigridisLopes-Lima et al. (2021)

Unio (Nemrodia) tigris [sic] var. cuneiformis Pallary, 1939
Pallary, 1939, Mém. Inst. Égypte 39: 116.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio tigridis Bourguignat, 1852; homonym of Unio vinceloti var. cuneiformis Germain, 1904)

Unio (Nemrodia) tigris var. cuneiformisPallary (1939)
Unio tigridis tigridisHaas (1969)
Unio tigridisSchütt (1983), Lopes-Lima et al. (2021)

Unio (Nemrodia) tigris [sic] var. khabourensis Pallary, 1939
Pallary, 1939, Mém. Inst. Égypte 39: 117.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio tigridis Bourguignat, 1852)

Unio (Nemrodia) tigris var. khabourensisPallary (1939)
Unio tigridis tigridisHaas (1969)
Unio tigridisSchütt (1983), Lopes-Lima et al. (2021)

Unio (cilicicus var.) berythensis Haas, 1940
‘Kobelt & Rolle’ Haas, 1940, Zool. Ser. Field Mus. Nat. Hist. 24: 128.
Haas, 1969, Das Tierreich 88: 42.
(error for Unio (cilicicus var. ?) berytensis Kobelt & Rolle, 1895)

Unio (cilicicus var.) berythensisHaas (1940)

Unio rarus Schütt, 1983
‘Lea’ Schütt, 1983, Arch. Moll. 113(1/6): 55.
(error for Unio rasus Lea, 1863)

Unio rarusSchütt (1983)

Taxonomic History (since 1900)

Unio (sec. Lymnium) tigridisSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio (sec. Lymnium) batavusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio (sec. Lymnium) mussolianusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio (sec. Lymnium) pietriSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio (sec. Lymnium) ellipsoideusSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio lortitiSimpson (1900)
Unio tigridisPreston (1912), Haas (1952), Starmühlner & Edlauer (1957), Biggs (1971), ..., Marrone et al. (2019), Príe et al. (2020), Graf & Cummings (2021), Lopes-Lima et al. (2021)
Unio mussolianusPreston (1912)
Unio calliopsisKobelt (1912)
Unio hyperambliusKobelt (1912)
Unio mossulianusKobelt (1912)
Unio siouffiKobelt (1912)
Unio dignatus assuricusKobelt (1912)
Unio dignatus ninusiKobelt (1912)
Unio dignatus semiramidisKobelt (1912)
Unio tigridis var. haruniKobelt (1912)
Unio (Nemrodia) tigrisPallary (1939)
Unio (Limnium) mossulianusPallary (1939)
Unio (Nemrodia) dignatusPallary (1939)
Unio (Nemrodia) calliopsisPallary (1939)
Unio (Nemrodia) semiramidisPallary (1939)
Unio (Nemrodia) tammouzianaPallary (1939)
Unio (Nemrodia) tammouziana var. majorPallary (1939)
Unio (Nemrodia) tammouziana var. minorPallary (1939)
Unio (Nemrodia) tigris var. cuneiformisPallary (1939)
Unio (Nemrodia) tigris var. khabourensisPallary (1939)
Unio tigridis tigridisHaas (1940), Haas (1969)
Unio (cilicicus var.) berythensisHaas (1940)
Unio rarusSchütt (1983)
Unio (s.s.) tigridisFalkner (1994)

Page updated: 07:28:18 Tue 05 Oct 2021

 
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