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Page last updated
Tue 24 Mar 2020

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

The nominal species (available and otherwise) in this synonymy are listed by usage rather than strictly by publication date. The primary sorting order is by the most recent year (since 1969) that the species name was treated as valid, and then nominal species are sorted secondarily by publication year.

Search the database pages:

Bivalvia | Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Ambleminae | Pleurobemini | Pleurobema

species Pleurobema clava (Lamarck, 1819): synonymy
     8 specimens available.

Unio clava Lamarck, 1819
Lamarck, 1819, Hist. Natur. Anim. sans Vert. 6: 74, sp. 18.
Type(s): TYPE MNHN_MPL_0015, Amer. Sept.

Unio clavaLamarck (1819), Menke (1828), Menke (1830), Conrad (1835), Ferussac (1835), Küster (1848), Conrad (1853), Sowerby (1868)
Unio scaleniaLea (1834)
Margarita (Unio) clavusLea (1836)
Unio clavusHanley (1843), Call (1895)
Pleurobema clavaAgassiz (1852), Ortmann (1909), Ortmann (1910), Ortmann (1912), Ortmann & Walker (1922), Ortmann (1925), F.C. Baker (1928), Thiele (1934), R.I. Johnson (1969), Heard & Guckert (1970), Stansbery (1970), Burch (1975), Gordon et al. (1979), R.I. Johnson (1980), Turgeon et al. (1988), Cummings & Mayer (1992), Williams et al. (1993), IUCN (1996), Strayer & Jirka (1997), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Turgeon et al. (1998), Lydeard et al. (1999), Bogan & Hoeh (2000), Kandl et al. (2001), Hoeh et al. (2001), Graf (2002), Hoeh et al. (2002), Cicerello & Schuster (2003), Roe & Hoeh (2003), Campbell et al. (2005), Zanatta & Murphy (2006), Graf & Cummings (2007), Burdick & White (2007), Williams et al. (2008), Campbell et al. (2008), Watters et al. (2009), Cummings & Graf (2010), Bogan (2010), Haag (2012), Burlakova et al. (2012), ITIS (2012), Campbell & Lydeard (2012), Campbell & Lydeard (2012), Nishihara et al. (2016), Pfeiffer et al. (2016), Williams et al. (2017), Perkins et al. (2017), Inoue et al. (2018), Pieri et al. (2018), Inoue et al. (2019)
Margaron (Unio) clavusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Lampsilis) clavusAdams & Adams (1857)
Unio (Limnium sec. Scalenaria) clavusFischer (1886)
Pleurobema (s.s.) clavaSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio (s.s.) clavusCall (1900)
Pleurobema (s.s.) mytiloidesFrierson (1927)
Pleurobema mytiloidesModell (1942)
Pleurobema clava clavaHaas (1969)

Unio bournianus Lea, 1840
Lea, 1840, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc. 1: 288.
Lea, 1842, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 8 [O. 3]: 213 [51], pl. 15, fig. 28.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84683, Scioto R., Chillicothe, Ohio.

Unio bournianusLea (1840), Conrad (1853)
Margaron (Unio) bournianusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Lampsilis) bournianusAdams & Adams (1857)
Unio (sec. Lampsilis) bournianusPaetel (1890)
Pleurobema (s.s.) bournianusSimpson (1900)
Pleurobema (s.s.) bournianumSimpson (1914)
Quadrula (Pleuronaia) corFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)
Pleurobema bournianumTurgeon et al. (1988), Williams et al. (1993), Turgeon et al. (1998), IUCN (2000), Graf & Cummings (2007), Cummings & Graf (2010), ITIS (2012)
Pleurobema clavaWilliams et al. (2008), Watters et al. (2009), Williams et al. (2017)

Pleurobema mytiloides Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. 88: 427 [as ‘Unio (Pleurobema) mytiloïdes’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 313, pl. 82, figs. 8-10.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 29, 56.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20223, [no locality available - North America].

Pleurobema mytiloidesRafinesque (1820), Agassiz (1852), Modell (1942), Haas (1969)
Unio (Pleurobema) mytiloidesRafinesque (1819)
Unio mytiloidesLea (1829), Ravenel (1834), Jay (1835), Ferussac (1835), Conrad (1836), Küster (1852), Küster (1862)
Margarita (Unio) mytiloidesLea (1836)
Unio (s.s.) mytiloidesSwainson (1840)
Unio pyramidatusHanley (1843)
Margaron (Unio) mytiloidesLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio clavaConrad (1853)
Unio (Obovaria) mytiloidesMörch (1853)
Unio (Lampsilis) mytiloidesAdams & Adams (1857)
Unio (Limnium sec. Pleurobema) mytiloidesFischer (1886)
Pleurobema clavaOrtmann & Walker (1922), F.C. Baker (1928), Thiele (1934), Heard & Guckert (1970), Burch (1975), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Graf & Cummings (2007), Williams et al. (2008), Watters et al. (2009), Campbell & Lydeard (2012)
Pleurobema (s.s.) mytiloidesFrierson (1927), Haas (1930)
Pleurobema clava clavaHaas (1969)

Unio patulus Lea, 1829
Lea, 1829, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 3 [O. 1]: 441, pl. 12, fig. 20.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84760, Ohio ?

Unio patulusLea (1829), Jay (1835), Conrad (1838), Hanley (1843), Küster (1862), Reeve (1864), de Gregorio (1914)
Unio cuneatusFerussac (1835)
Margarita (Unio) patulusLea (1836)
Unio (Cunicula) patulaSwainson (1840)
Margaron (Unio) patulusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Lampsilis) patulusAdams & Adams (1857)
Unio clavusCall (1895)
Pleurobema (s.s.) clavaSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio (s.s.) clavusCall (1900)
Pleurobema clavaOrtmann & Walker (1922), Burch (1975), Strayer & Jirka (1997), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008), Watters et al. (2009)
Pleurobema (s.s.) clava-patulumFrierson (1927)
Pleurobema clava patulusHaas (1969)

Obliquaria (Scalenaria) scalenia Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 309, pl. 81, figs. 24-25.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 53.
Type(s): NEOTYPE ANSP_20229, Ohio.

Obliquaria (Scalenaria) scaleniaRafinesque (1820)
Unio scaleniusLea (1829), Ravenel (1834), Jay (1835)
Unio scaleniaLea (1834)
Unio clavaFerussac (1835), Conrad (1835), Küster (1848), Conrad (1853)
Margarita (Unio) clavusLea (1836)
Unio clavusHanley (1843)
Margaron (Unio) clavusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (Scalenaria) scalenariusMörch (1853)
Pleurobema clavaOrtmann & Walker (1922), Burch (1975), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008), Watters et al. (2009), Campbell & Lydeard (2012)

Pleurobema cuneata Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 313.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 56.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20228, Riv. Ohio.

Pleurobema cuneataRafinesque (1820)
Unio cuneatusFerussac (1835), Reeve (1864)
Unio (Cunicula) cuneataSwainson (1840)
Unio clavaConrad (1853)
Pleurobema clavaOrtmann & Walker (1922), Burch (1975), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008), Watters et al. (2009)
Pleurobema (s.s.) mytiloidesFrierson (1927)

Pleurobema cuneata var. maculata Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 313.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 56.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Pleurobema cuneata Rafinesque, 1820)

Pleurobema cuneata var. maculataRafinesque (1820)

Pleurobema cuneata var. sulcata Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 313.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 56.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Pleurobema cuneata Rafinesque, 1820)

Pleurobema cuneata var. sulcataRafinesque (1820)

Unio (Aximedia) elliptica Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag. 3: 355 [as ‘Potamilus ellipticus’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 296.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 42.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20213, [no locality available - North America].

Unio (Aximedia) ellipticaRafinesque (1820)
Potamilus ellipticusRafinesque (1818)
Obliquaria (Aximedia) ellipticaRafinesque (1831)
Unio ellipticaFerussac (1835)
Unio (Limnium sec. Aximedia) ellipticusFischer (1886)
Pleurobema clavaOrtmann & Walker (1922), Burch (1975), Parmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008), Watters et al. (2009)
Obovaria (s.s.) subrotundaFrierson (1927), Haas (1969)

Unio cuneatus Say, 1834
‘Rafinesque’ Say, 1834, Amer. Conch. 6: ??.
(reference to Pleurobema cuneata Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio cuneatusSay (1834)
Pleurobema (s.s.) clavaSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Pleurobema clavaParmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009)

Unio modioliformis Lea, 1834
‘Say’ of Authors.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. 5 [O. 1]: 89.
Conrad, 1835, Monogr. Fam. Unionidae 1(1): 5.
Ferussac, 1835, Mag. Zool. 5: 28.
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6: 246.
(intro'd as syn of Unio clava Lamarck, 1819)

Unio modioliformisLea (1834)
Unio scaleniaLea (1834)
Unio clavaFerussac (1835), Conrad (1835), Küster (1848), Conrad (1853)
Margarita (Unio) clavusLea (1836)
Unio clavusHanley (1843)
Margaron (Unio) clavusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Unio (s.s.) clavusCall (1900)

Unio mytilloides Conrad, 1834
Conrad, 1834, Amer. J. Sci. 25(2): 343, pl. 1, fig. 7.
(error for Pleurobema mytiloides Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio mytilloidesConrad (1834)
Pleurobema (s.s.) corSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)

Unio clavus Conrad, 1835
‘Lamarck’ Conrad, 1835, Monogr. Fam. Unionidae 1(1): 5, pl. 3, fig. 1.
(reference to Unio clava Lamarck, 1819)

Unio clavusConrad (1835), Hanley (1843)
Unio clavaKüster (1848), Conrad (1853)
Margaron (Unio) clavusLea (1852), Lea (1870)
Pleurobema (s.s.) clavaSimpson (1900), Simpson (1914)
Unio (s.s.) clavusCall (1900)
Pleurobema (s.s.) mytiloidesFrierson (1927)
Pleurobema mytiloidesModell (1942)

Unio gibbosus Küster, 1848
‘Rafinesque’ Küster, 1848, Conchyl. Cab. 9(2): 40.
(error for Obliquaria (Scalenaria) scalenia Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio gibbosusKüster (1848)

Unio (Scalenaria) scalenarius Mörch, 1853
‘Raf.’ Mörch, 1853, Cat. Conch. Yoldi 2: 44.
(error for Obliquaria (Scalenaria) scalenia Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio (Scalenaria) scalenariusMörch (1853)

Unio consanguineus de Gregorio, 1914
de Gregorio, 1914, Il Nat. Siciliano 2: 46.
(homonym of Unio consanguineus Lea, 1861)

Unio consanguineusde Gregorio (1914)
Pleurobema clavaParmalee & Bogan (1998), Williams et al. (2008), Watters et al. (2009)

Unio anaticulus var. ohiensis de Gregorio, 1914
de Gregorio, 1914, Il Nat. Siciliano 2: 51, pl. 10, figs. 3a-d.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio anaticulus Lea, 1861)

Unio anaticulus var. ohiensisde Gregorio (1914)
Pleurobema clavaParmalee & Bogan (1998), Watters et al. (2009)

Page updated: 15:42:38 Tue 24 Mar 2020

 
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