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Page last updated
Thu 02 Feb 2023

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

Cladomics pages are experimental — even more so than the rest of this site!

The purpose of the cladomics pages for each genus and family-group level taxon is to provide statistics and references indicating the extent to which published phylogenetic work supports the classification used here.

The Cladomics Summary provides an overview of the number of studies that have included terminal species representing this taxon as well as an indication of how frequently it has been recovered as monophyletic.

Following the summary, the available published clades representing the taxon are listed.

For more information, visit the Cladomics FARQ (frequently asked rhetorical questions) page. Abbreviations for the various statistics are explained on the FARQ!

Search the database pages:

Bivalvia | Unionoida | Hyrioidea

family HYRIIDAE Swainson, 1840: cladomics
     2 subfamilies, 1 genus

Cladomics Summary

number of species = 129
number of subtaxa (rank: subfamily) = 3

analyzed in 90 cladograms in 48 publications
maximum number of terminal species in an analysis = 23, mean = 4.32
maximum number of subtaxa (subfamily) in an analysis = 2, mean = 1.57

Basic Monophyly

number of cladograms that test basic monophyly (i.e., more than 1 included species) = 55
maximum number of included species = 23, mean = 6.44
maximum number of subtaxa (subfamily) = 2, mean = 1.93
proportion of cladograms that support basic monophyly = 1.0

Rigorous Monophyly

number of cladograms that test rigorous monophyly = 0
(Rigorous monophyly refers to cladograms with terminal species representing more than one subtaxon (subfamily) taxon and at least one rigorous outgroup (family).
maximum number of included species = 0, mean = 0
maximum number of subtaxa (subfamily) = 0, mean = 0
proportion of cladograms that support rigorous monophyly = 0


Santos-Neto et al., 2016, fig. 2a,b

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
23 23 20 2 1 0 0 0.0

*** Top Monophyly Cladogram *** *** Top Sister-Group Cladogram ***

                 +-------- Westralunio_carteri **        
                 |                                    
  +--------------+     +-- Hyridella_drapeta **          
  |              |  +--+                              
  |              |  |  +-- Hyridella_depressa **         
  |              +--+                                 
  |                 |  +-- Diplodon_gratus **            
  |                 +--+                              
  |                    +-- Diplodon_suavidicus[2] **     
  |                                                   
  |                    +-- Hyridella_australis **        
  |     +--------------+                              
  |     |              +-- Cucumerunio_novaehollandiae **
  +-----+                                             
  |     |  +-------------- Echyridella_menziesii **      
--+     +--+                                          
  |        |  +----------- Velesunio_ambiguus **         
  |        +--+                                       
  |           |  +-------- Microdontia_anodontaeformis **
  |           +--+                                    
  |              |  +----- Lortiella **                  
  |              +--+                                 
  |                 |  +-- Alathyria_jacksoni **         
  |                 +--+                              
  |                    +-- Velesunio_angasi **           
  |                                                   
  |  +-------------------- Diplodon_suavidicus[1] **     
  |  |                                                
  +--+                 +-- Triplodon_corrugatus **       
     |  +--------------+                              
     |  |              +-- Prisodon_syrmatophorus **     
     +--+                                             
        |  +-------------- Castalia_stevensi **          
        |  |                                          
        +--+           +-- Callonaia_duprei **           
           |  +--------+                              
           |  |        +-- Castalia_ambigua[1] **        
           +--+                                       
              |  +-------- Castalia_ambigua[4] **        
              +--+                                    
                 |  +----- Castalia_ambigua[2] **        
                 +--+                                 
                    |  +-- Castaliella_quadrata **       
                    +--+                              
                       +-- Castalia_ambigua[3] **        

Santos-Neto et al., 2016, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
23 23 20 2 1 0 0 10.0
     +----------------------- Diplodon_suavidicus[2] **     
     |                                                   
  +--+                    +-- Triplodon_corrugatus **       
  |  |  +-----------------+                              
  |  |  |                 +-- Prisodon_syrmatophorus **     
  |  +--+                                                
  |     |  +----------------- Castalia_ambigua[4] **        
  |     +--+                                             
  |        |  +-------------- Callonaia_duprei **           
  |        +--+                                          
  |           |  +----------- Castalia_ambigua[3] **        
  |           +--+                                       
  |              |  +-------- Castalia_stevensi **          
  |              +--+                                    
--+                 |  +----- Castalia_ambigua[2] **        
  |                 +--+                                 
  |                    |  +-- Castaliella_quadrata **       
  |                    +--+                              
  |                       +-- Castalia_ambigua[1] **        
  |                                                      
  |                 +-------- Westralunio_carteri **        
  |                 |                                    
  |     +-----------+     +-- Hyridella_drapeta **          
  |     |           |  +--+                              
  |     |           |  |  +-- Hyridella_depressa **         
  |     |           +--+                                 
  |     |              |  +-- Diplodon_suavidicus[1] **     
  +-----+              +--+                              
        |                 +-- Diplodon_gratus **            
        |                                                
        |  +----------------- Echyridella_menziesii **      
        |  |                                             
        +--+              +-- Cucumerunio_novaehollandiae **
           |  +-----------+                              
           |  |           +-- Hyridella_australis **        
           +--+                                          
              |  +----------- Velesunio_ambiguus **         
              +--+                                       
                 |  +-------- Alathyria_jacksoni **         
                 +--+                                    
                    |  +----- Velesunio_angasi **           
                    +--+                                 
                       |  +-- Lortiella **                  
                       +--+                              
                          +-- Microdontia_anodontaeformis **

Graf et al., 2015, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
14 14 12 2 6 0 0 23.5
     +----------- Westralunio_carteri **        
     |                                       
     |     +----- Alathyria_jacksoni **         
  +--+  +--+                                 
  |  |  |  |  +-- Velesunio_ambiguus **         
  |  |  |  +--+                              
  |  +--+     +-- Alathyria_profuga **          
  |     |                                    
  |     |  +----- Alathyria_pertexta **         
  |     +--+                                 
  |        |  +-- Microdontia_anodontaeformis **
--+        +--+                              
  |           +-- Lortiella_froggatti **        
  |                                          
  |        +----- Diplodon_suavidicus **        
  |     +--+                                 
  |     |  |  +-- Triplodon_corrugatus **       
  |     |  +--+                              
  |     |     +-- Castalia_ambigua **           
  +-----+                                    
        |     +-- Hyridella_depressa **         
        |  +--+                              
        |  |  +-- Hyridella_drapeta **          
        +--+                                 
           |  +-- Hyridella_australis **        
           +--+                              
              +-- Cucumerunio_novaehollandiae **

Huang et al., 2019, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
14 14 11 2 185 0 0 25.5
              +----- Alathyria_jacksoni **         
           +--+                                 
           |  |  +-- Alathyria_profuga **          
           |  +--+                              
  +--------+     +-- Velesunio_ambiguus **         
  |        |                                    
  |        |  +----- Alathyria_pertexta **         
  |        +--+                                 
  |           |  +-- Lortiella_froggatti **        
--+           +--+                              
  |              +-- Microdontia_anodontaeformis **
  |                                             
  |  +-------------- Westralunio_carteri **        
  |  |                                          
  +--+  +----------- Echyridella_menziesii **      
     |  |                                       
     |  |     +----- Diplodon_suavidicus **        
     +--+  +--+                                 
        |  |  |  +-- Castalia_ambigua **           
        |  |  +--+                              
        +--+     +-- Triplodon_corrugatus **       
           |                                    
           |  +----- Hyridella_australis **        
           +--+                                 
              |  +-- Hyridella_depressa **         
              +--+                              
                 +-- Hyridella_drapeta **          

Huang et al., 2019, fig. S3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
14 14 11 2 183 0 0 25.5
              +----- Velesunio_ambiguus **         
           +--+                                 
           |  |  +-- Alathyria_jacksoni **         
           |  +--+                              
  +--------+     +-- Alathyria_profuga **          
  |        |                                    
  |        |  +----- Alathyria_pertexta **         
  |        +--+                                 
  |           |  +-- Lortiella_froggatti **        
--+           +--+                              
  |              +-- Microdontia_anodontaeformis **
  |                                             
  |  +-------------- Westralunio_carteri **        
  |  |                                          
  +--+  +----------- Echyridella_menziesii **      
     |  |                                       
     |  |     +----- Diplodon_suavidicus **        
     +--+  +--+                                 
        |  |  |  +-- Castalia_ambigua **           
        |  |  +--+                              
        +--+     +-- Triplodon_corrugatus **       
           |                                    
           |  +----- Hyridella_australis **        
           +--+                                 
              |  +-- Hyridella_depressa **         
              +--+                              
                 +-- Hyridella_drapeta **          

Huang et al., 2019, fig. S4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
14 14 9 2 185 0 0 23.5
  +----------- Echyridella_menziesii **      
  |                                       
  +----------- Westralunio_carteri **        
  |                                       
  |     +----- Diplodon_suavidicus **        
  +-----+                                 
  |     |  +-- Castalia_ambigua **           
  |     +--+                              
  |        +-- Triplodon_corrugatus **       
  |                                       
--+     +----- Hyridella_australis **        
  +-----+                                 
  |     |  +-- Hyridella_depressa **         
  |     +--+                              
  |        +-- Hyridella_drapeta **          
  |                                       
  |     +----- Velesunio_ambiguus **         
  |  +--+                                 
  |  |  |  +-- Alathyria_jacksoni **         
  |  |  +--+                              
  +--+     +-- Alathyria_profuga **          
     |                                    
     |  +----- Alathyria_pertexta **         
     +--+                                 
        |  +-- Lortiella_froggatti **        
        +--+                              
           +-- Microdontia_anodontaeformis **

Walker et al., 2006, fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
12 12 7 2 26 0 0 20.5
  +----------------- Castalia_stevensi **    
  |                                       
  +----------------- Diplodon_gratus **      
--+                                       
  |  +-------------- Hyridella_depressa **   
  |  |                                    
  |  +-------------- Hyridella_australis **  
  +--+                                    
     |  +----------- Echyridella_menziesii **
     |  |                                 
     |  |        +-- Velesunio_ambiguus **   
     +--+  +-----+                        
        |  |     +-- Velesunio[3] **         
        |  |                              
        +--+  +----- Velesunio[2] **         
           |  |                           
           |  |  +-- Alathyria_jacksoni **   
           +--+--+                        
              |  +-- Velesunio[1] **         
              |                           
              |  +-- Velesunio_angasi **     
              +--+                        
                 +-- Lortiella_rugata **     

Baker et al., 2004, fig. 2-3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
11 11 8 2 1 0 0 23.0
              +----- Hyridella_depressa **   
  +-----------+                           
  |           |  +-- Hyridella_australis **  
  |           +--+                        
  |              +-- Diplodon_gratus **      
--+                                       
  |              +-- Echyridella_menziesii **
  |  +-----------+                        
  |  |           +-- Castalia_stevensi **    
  |  |                                    
  +--+           +-- Velesunio[3] **         
     |  +--------+                        
     |  |        +-- Velesunio[4] **         
     +--+                                 
        |  +-------- Velesunio[2] **         
        +--+                              
           |  +----- Velesunio_angasi **     
           +--+                           
              |  +-- Velesunio[1] **         
              +--+                        
                 +-- Alathyria_jacksoni **   

Marshall et al., 2014, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
10 10 7 2 4 0 0 25.0
        +----- Echyridella_aucklandica **    
  +-----+                                 
  |     |  +-- Echyridella_menziesii **      
  |     +--+                              
  |        +-- Echyridella_onekaka **        
  |                                       
--+     +----- Velesunio_ambiguus **         
  |  +--+                                 
  |  |  |  +-- Velesunio **                  
  |  |  +--+                              
  |  |     +-- Lortiella **                  
  +--+                                    
     |     +-- Cucumerunio_novaehollandiae **
     |  +--+                              
     |  |  +-- Hyridella_australis **        
     +--+                                 
        |  +-- Diplodon_chilensis **         
        +--+                              
           +-- Diplodon_gratus **            

Graf & Cummings, 2006, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
9 9 6 2 38 0 0 23.0
           +----- Velesunio_ambiguus **   
  +--------+                           
  |        |  +-- Velesunio_angasi **     
  |        +--+                        
--+           +-- Lortiella_rugata **     
  |                                    
  |  +----------- Echyridella_menziesii **
  |  |                                 
  +--+        +-- Hyridella_depressa **   
     |  +-----+                        
     |  |     +-- Hyridella_australis **  
     +--+                              
        |  +----- Castalia **             
        +--+                           
           |  +-- Diplodon_chilensis **   
           +--+                        
              +-- Diplodon_gratus **      

Hoeh et al., 2009, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
9 9 6 2 38 0 0 23.0
           +----- Velesunio_ambiguus **   
  +--------+                           
  |        |  +-- Velesunio_angasi **     
  |        +--+                        
--+           +-- Lortiella_rugata **     
  |                                    
  |  +----------- Echyridella_menziesii **
  |  |                                 
  +--+        +-- Hyridella_depressa **   
     |  +-----+                        
     |  |     +-- Hyridella_australis **  
     +--+                              
        |  +----- Castalia **             
        +--+                           
           |  +-- Diplodon_chilensis **   
           +--+                        
              +-- Diplodon_gratus **      

Hoeh et al., 2009, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
9 9 6 2 37 0 0 23.0
           +----- Velesunio_ambiguus **   
  +--------+                           
  |        |  +-- Velesunio_angasi **     
  |        +--+                        
--+           +-- Lortiella_rugata **     
  |                                    
  |  +----------- Echyridella_menziesii **
  |  |                                 
  +--+        +-- Hyridella_depressa **   
     |  +-----+                        
     |  |     +-- Hyridella_australis **  
     +--+                              
        |  +----- Castalia **             
        +--+                           
           |  +-- Diplodon_chilensis **   
           +--+                        
              +-- Diplodon_gratus **      

Hoeh et al., 2009, fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
9 9 6 2 37 0 0 23.0
           +----- Velesunio_ambiguus **   
  +--------+                           
  |        |  +-- Velesunio_angasi **     
  |        +--+                        
--+           +-- Lortiella_rugata **     
  |                                    
  |  +----------- Echyridella_menziesii **
  |  |                                 
  +--+        +-- Hyridella_depressa **   
     |  +-----+                        
     |  |     +-- Hyridella_australis **  
     +--+                              
        |  +----- Castalia **             
        +--+                           
           |  +-- Diplodon_chilensis **   
           +--+                        
              +-- Diplodon_gratus **      

Bolotov et al., 2016, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
9 9 6 2 21 0 0 22.5
        +----- Diplodon_suavidicus **        
  +-----+                                 
  |     |  +-- Triplodon_corrugatus **       
  |     +--+                              
  |        +-- Castalia_ambigua **           
--+                                       
  |     +----- Microdontia_anodontaeformis **
  |  +--+                                 
  |  |  |  +-- Lortiella_froggatti **        
  |  |  +--+                              
  +--+     +-- Alathyria_pertexta **         
     |                                    
     |  +----- Velesunio_ambiguus **         
     +--+                                 
        |  +-- Alathyria_jacksoni **         
        +--+                              
           +-- Alathyria_profuga **          

Bolotov et al., 2016, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
9 9 6 2 21 0 0 22.5
        +----- Diplodon_suavidicus **        
  +-----+                                 
  |     |  +-- Triplodon_corrugatus **       
  |     +--+                              
  |        +-- Castalia_ambigua **           
--+                                       
  |     +----- Microdontia_anodontaeformis **
  |  +--+                                 
  |  |  |  +-- Alathyria_pertexta **         
  |  |  +--+                              
  +--+     +-- Lortiella_froggatti **        
     |                                    
     |  +----- Velesunio_ambiguus **         
     +--+                                 
        |  +-- Alathyria_jacksoni **         
        +--+                              
           +-- Alathyria_profuga **          

Bolotov et al., 2017, fig. S1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
9 9 6 2 129 0 0 22.5
        +----- Diplodon_suavidicus **        
  +-----+                                 
  |     |  +-- Castalia_ambigua **           
  |     +--+                              
  |        +-- Triplodon_corrugatus **       
--+                                       
  |     +----- Alathyria_pertexta **         
  |  +--+                                 
  |  |  |  +-- Microdontia_anodontaeformis **
  |  |  +--+                              
  +--+     +-- Lortiella_froggatti **        
     |                                    
     |  +----- Velesunio_ambiguus **         
     +--+                                 
        |  +-- Alathyria_jacksoni **         
        +--+                              
           +-- Alathyria_profuga **          

Bolotov et al., 2017, fig. S2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
9 9 6 2 129 0 0 22.5
        +----- Diplodon_suavidicus **        
  +-----+                                 
  |     |  +-- Castalia_ambigua **           
  |     +--+                              
  |        +-- Triplodon_corrugatus **       
--+                                       
  |     +----- Velesunio_ambiguus **         
  |  +--+                                 
  |  |  |  +-- Alathyria_jacksoni **         
  |  |  +--+                              
  +--+     +-- Alathyria_profuga **          
     |                                    
     |  +----- Microdontia_anodontaeformis **
     +--+                                 
        |  +-- Alathyria_pertexta **         
        +--+                              
           +-- Lortiella_froggatti **        

Santos-Neto et al., 2016, fig. 3, 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
8 8 6 1 0 0 0 17.0
  +-------------- Diplodon_suavidicus **   
  |                                     
  |        +----- Triplodon_corrugatus **  
--+  +-----+                            
  |  |     |  +-- Prisodon_obliquus **     
  |  |     +--+                         
  +--+        +-- Prisodon_syrmatophorus **
     |                                  
     |  +-------- Callonaia_duprei **      
     +--+                               
        |  +----- Castalia_ambigua[2] **   
        +--+                            
           |  +-- Castalia_ambigua[1] **   
           +--+                         
              +-- Castaliella_quadrata **  

Graf & Ó Foighil, 2000, fig. 1, 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
7 7 5 2 5 0 0 26.5
  +-------------- Velesunio_ambiguus **    
  |                                     
--+           +-- Diplodon_chilensis **    
  |  +--------+                         
  |  |        +-- Castalia **              
  +--+                                  
     |  +-------- Hyridella_australis[2] **
     +--+                               
        |  +----- Hyridella_australis[1] **
        +--+                            
           |  +-- Echyridella_menziesii ** 
           +--+                         
              +-- Hyridella_depressa **    

Baker et al., 2003, fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
7 7 4 2 1 0 0 22.0
           +-- Hyridella_australis **  
  +--------+                        
  |        +-- Diplodon_gratus **      
--+                                 
  |  +-------- Hyridella_depressa **   
  |  |                              
  +--+     +-- Velesunio_angasi **     
     |  +--+                        
     |  |  +-- Velesunio_ambiguus **   
     +--+                           
        |  +-- Echyridella_menziesii **
        +--+                        
           +-- Castalia_stevensi **    

Bogan & Hoeh, 2000, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 2 2 29 0 0 18.5
        +-- Castalia_stevensi **    
  +-----+                        
  |     +-- Diplodon_gratus **      
--+                              
  |  +----- Echyridella_menziesii **
  +--+                           
     |  +-- Velesunio_angasi **     
     +--+                        
        +-- Lortiella_rugata **     

Hoeh et al., 2001, fig. 14.2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 1 2 26 0 0 21.5
  +----- Diplodon_gratus **      
  |                           
  +----- Echyridella_menziesii **
--+                           
  +----- Lortiella_rugata **     
  |                           
  |  +-- Castalia_stevensi **    
  +--+                        
     +-- Velesunio_angasi **     

Hoeh et al., 2001, fig. 14.4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 2 2 26 0 0 18.5
        +-- Castalia_stevensi **    
  +-----+                        
  |     +-- Diplodon_gratus **      
--+                              
  |  +----- Echyridella_menziesii **
  +--+                           
     |  +-- Lortiella_rugata **     
     +--+                        
        +-- Velesunio_angasi **     

Hoeh et al., 2002, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 2 2 26 0 0 18.0
        +-- Castalia_stevensi **    
  +-----+                        
  |     +-- Diplodon_gratus **      
--+                              
  |  +----- Echyridella_menziesii **
  +--+                           
     |  +-- Velesunio_angasi **     
     +--+                        
        +-- Lortiella **            

Roe & Hoeh, 2003, fig. 4.2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 1 2 26 0 0 21.5
     +-- Castalia_stevensi **    
  +--+                        
  |  +-- Velesunio_angasi **     
--+                           
  |  +-- Echyridella_menziesii **
  |  |                        
  +--+-- Lortiella_rugata **     
     |                        
     +-- Diplodon_gratus **      

Roe & Hoeh, 2003, fig. 4.3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 2 2 26 0 0 18.5
        +-- Castalia_stevensi **    
  +-----+                        
  |     +-- Diplodon_gratus **      
--+                              
  |  +----- Echyridella_menziesii **
  +--+                           
     |  +-- Velesunio_angasi **     
     +--+                        
        +-- Lortiella_rugata **     

Santos-Neto et al., 2018, fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 2 1 0 0 0 20.0
        +-- Triplodon_corrugatus **  
  +-----+                         
  |     +-- Prisodon_syrmatophorus **
--+                               
  |  +----- Callonaia_duprei **      
  +--+                            
     |  +-- Castalia_ambigua **      
     +--+                         
        +-- Castalia_stevensi **     

Guerra et al., 2019, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 2 2 36 0 0 21.0
        +-- Echyridella_menziesii **
  +-----+                        
  |     +-- Westralunio_carteri **  
--+                              
  |  +----- Diplodon_suavidicus **  
  +--+                           
     |  +-- Castalia_ambigua **     
     +--+                        
        +-- Prisodon_obliquus **    

Guerra et al., 2019, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 3 2 36 0 0 22.0
  +----------- Westralunio_carteri **  
--+                                 
  |  +-------- Echyridella_menziesii **
  +--+                              
     |  +----- Diplodon_suavidicus **  
     +--+                           
        |  +-- Castalia_ambigua **     
        +--+                        
           +-- Prisodon_obliquus **    

Graf, 2000, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 4 2 2 14 0 0 24.0
  +-------- Castalia ** 
--+                  
  |  +----- Diplodon ** 
  +--+               
     |  +-- Hyridella **
     +--+            
        +-- Velesunio **

Graf, 2002, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 4 2 2 14 0 0 23.5
  +-------- Velesunio_ambiguus **
--+                           
  |  +----- Hyridella_depressa **
  +--+                        
     |  +-- Diplodon_chilensis **
     +--+                     
        +-- Castalia **          

Whelan et al., 2011, fig. 1 ML

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 4 2 2 32 0 0 21.0
  +-------- Velesunio_ambiguus **  
--+                             
  |  +----- Hyridella_australis ** 
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Castalia_ambigua **    
     +--+                       
        +-- Triplodon_corrugatus **

Whelan et al., 2011, fig. 1 MP

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 4 2 2 32 0 0 21.0
  +-------- Velesunio_ambiguus **  
--+                             
  |  +----- Hyridella_australis ** 
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Castalia_ambigua **    
     +--+                       
        +-- Triplodon_corrugatus **

Pfeiffer & Graf, 2015, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 4 2 2 36 0 0 21.0
  +-------- Velesunio_ambiguus **  
--+                             
  |  +----- Hyridella_australis ** 
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Triplodon_corrugatus **
     +--+                       
        +-- Castalia_ambigua **    

Klunzinger et al., 2022, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 4 2 2 0 0 0 23.0
  +-------- Cucumerunio_novaehollandiae **
--+                                    
  |  +----- Velesunio_ambiguus **         
  +--+                                 
     |  +-- Westralunio_inbisi **         
     +--+                              
        +-- Westralunio_carteri **        

Combosch et al., 2017, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 2 12 0 0 20.0
  +----- Triplodon_corrugatus **
--+                          
  |  +-- Velesunio_ambiguus **  
  +--+                       
     +-- Hyridella_australis ** 

Combosch et al., 2017, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 2 12 0 0 22.0
  +----- Velesunio_ambiguus **  
--+                          
  |  +-- Triplodon_corrugatus **
  +--+                       
     +-- Hyridella_australis ** 

Konopleva et al., 2017, fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 1 28 0 0 20.0
  +----- Diplodon_suavidicus ** 
--+                          
  |  +-- Triplodon_corrugatus **
  +--+                       
     +-- Castalia_ambigua **    

Huang et al., 2018, fig. 3, 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 2 26 0 0 20.0
  +----- Triplodon_corrugatus **
--+                          
  |  +-- Velesunio_ambiguus **  
  +--+                       
     +-- Hyridella_australis ** 

Lopes-Lima et al., 2018, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 2 25 0 0 20.0
  +----- Triplodon_corrugatus **
--+                          
  |  +-- Velesunio_ambiguus **  
  +--+                       
     +-- Hyridella_australis ** 

Lopes-Lima et al., 2018, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 2 25 0 0 20.0
  +----- Triplodon_corrugatus **
--+                          
  |  +-- Velesunio_ambiguus **  
  +--+                       
     +-- Hyridella_australis ** 

Klunzinger et al., 2021, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 2 2 0 0 20.0
  +----- Westralunio_carteri **        
--+                                 
  |  +-- Velesunio_ambiguus **         
  +--+                              
     +-- Cucumerunio_novaehollandiae **

Wu et al., 2020, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 2 31 0 0 20.0
  +----- Triplodon_corrugatus **
--+                          
  |  +-- Hyridella_australis ** 
  +--+                       
     +-- Velesunio_ambiguus **  

Wu et al., 2020, fig. S1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 2 31 0 0 20.0
  +----- Triplodon_corrugatus **
--+                          
  |  +-- Hyridella_australis ** 
  +--+                       
     +-- Velesunio_ambiguus **  

Sano et al., 2020, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 2 72 0 0 20.0
  +----- Triplodon_corrugatus **
--+                          
  |  +-- Hyridella_australis ** 
  +--+                       
     +-- Velesunio_ambiguus **  

Sano et al., 2020, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 2 72 0 0 20.0
  +----- Triplodon_corrugatus **
--+                          
  |  +-- Hyridella_australis ** 
  +--+                       
     +-- Velesunio_ambiguus **  

Sano et al., 2020, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 2 72 0 0 20.0
  +----- Triplodon_corrugatus **
--+                          
  |  +-- Hyridella_australis ** 
  +--+                       
     +-- Velesunio_ambiguus **  

Sonowal et al., 2021, fig. 3a

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 0 2 12 0 0 21.0
  +-- Triplodon_corrugatus **
  |                       
--+-- Hyridella_australis ** 
  |                       
  +-- Velesunio_ambiguus **  

Sonowal et al., 2021, fig. 3b

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 0 2 12 0 0 21.0
  +-- Triplodon_corrugatus **
  |                       
--+-- Velesunio_ambiguus **  
  |                       
  +-- Hyridella_australis ** 

Sonowal et al., 2021, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 2 13 0 0 20.0
  +----- Triplodon_corrugatus **
--+                          
  |  +-- Velesunio_ambiguus **  
  +--+                       
     +-- Hyridella_australis ** 

Olivera-Hyde et al., 2020, fig. 10

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 1 0 0 0 22.0
  +----- Callonaia_duprei ** 
--+                       
  |  +-- Castalia_ambigua ** 
  +--+                    
     +-- Castalia_stevensi **

Lopes-Lima et al., 2017, fig. 1-2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 79 0 0 --
  +-- Hyridella_depressa **
--+                     
  +-- Velesunio_ambiguus **

Lopes-Lima et al., 2020, fig. 2-4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 120 0 0 --
  +-- Hyridella_depressa **
--+                     
  +-- Velesunio_ambiguus **

Guerra et al., 2019, fig. 1-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 20 0 0 --
  +-- Echyridella_menziesii **
--+                        
  +-- Westralunio_carteri **  

Guerra et al., 2019, fig. 2-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 20 0 0 --
  +-- Echyridella_menziesii **
--+                        
  +-- Westralunio_carteri **  

Graf & Ó Foighil, 2000, fig. 2A

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 29 0 0 --
-- Hyridella_depressa

Graf & Ó Foighil, 2000, fig. 2B

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 29 0 0 --
-- Hyridella_depressa

Walker et al., 2006, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 14 0 0 --
-- Hyridella

Walker et al., 2006, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 14 0 0 --
-- Hyridella

Walker et al., 2006, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 14 0 0 --
-- Hyridella

Walker et al., 2006, fig. 6-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 14 0 0 --
-- Echyridella_menziesii

Hoeh et al., 2002, fig. 1-F

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 8 0 0 --
-- Echyridella_menziesii

Hoeh et al., 2002, fig. 1-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 8 0 0 --
-- Echyridella_menziesii

Breton et al., 2011, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 38 0 0 --
-- Echyridella_menziesii

Pfeiffer & Graf, 2013, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 34 0 0 --
-- Velesunio_ambiguus

Bieler et al., 2014, fig. 26, 27, 29, 30

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 4 0 0 --
-- Velesunio_ambiguus

Bieler et al., 2014, fig. 28

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 4 0 0 --
-- Velesunio_ambiguus

González & Giribet, 2015, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 5 0 0 --
-- Velesunio_ambiguus

González & Giribet, 2015, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 5 0 0 --
-- Velesunio_ambiguus

González & Giribet, 2015, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 5 0 0 --
-- Velesunio_ambiguus

González & Giribet, 2015, fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 5 0 0 --
-- Velesunio_ambiguus

Plazzi et al., 2011, fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 17 0 0 --
-- Alathyria_jacksoni

Elderkin et al., 2016, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 2 0 0 --
-- Velesunio_ambiguus

Guerra et al., 2017, fig. 2a

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 24 0 0 --
-- Echyridella_menziesii

Guerra et al., 2017, fig. 2a-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 7 0 0 --
-- Echyridella_menziesii

Guerra et al., 2017, fig. 2b

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 24 0 0 --
-- Echyridella_menziesii

Guerra et al., 2017, fig. 2b-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 7 0 0 --
-- Echyridella_menziesii

Huang et al., 2018, fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 42 0 0 --
-- Echyridella_menziesii

Huang et al., 2018, fig. 6-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 16 0 0 --
-- Echyridella_menziesii

Huang et al., 2019, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 56 0 0 --
-- Echyridella_menziesii

Huang et al., 2019, fig. 3-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 22 0 0 --
-- Echyridella_menziesii

Chase et al., 2018, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 38 0 0 --
-- Echyridella_menziesii

Chase et al., 2018, fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 9 0 0 --
-- Echyridella_menziesii

Chase et al., 2018, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 10 0 0 --
-- Echyridella_menziesii

Chase et al., 2018, fig. 1-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 10 0 0 --
-- Echyridella_menziesii

Wu et al., 2019, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 46 0 0 --
-- Echyridella_menziesii

Pfeiffer et al., 2019, fig. 4-5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 56 0 0 --
-- Hyridella_australis

Pfeiffer et al., 2019, fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 56 0 0 --
-- Hyridella_australis

Wu et al., 2020, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 49 0 0 --
-- Echyridella_menziesii

Wu et al., 2022, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 73 0 0 --
-- Echyridella_menziesii

Page updated: 11:40:42 Thu 02 Feb 2023

 
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