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Page last updated
Thu 02 Feb 2023

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

Cladomics pages are experimental — even more so than the rest of this site!

The purpose of the cladomics pages for each genus and family-group level taxon is to provide statistics and references indicating the extent to which published phylogenetic work supports the classification used here.

The Cladomics Summary provides an overview of the number of studies that have included terminal species representing this taxon as well as an indication of how frequently it has been recovered as monophyletic.

Following the summary, the available published clades representing the taxon are listed.

For more information, visit the Cladomics FARQ (frequently asked rhetorical questions) page. Abbreviations for the various statistics are explained on the FARQ!

Search the database pages:

Bivalvia | Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Unioninae

tribe UNIONINI Rafinesque, 1820: cladomics
     15 genera

Cladomics Summary

number of species = 96
number of subtaxa (rank: genus) = 15

analyzed in 202 cladograms in 118 publications
maximum number of terminal species in an analysis = 29, mean = 6.04
maximum number of subtaxa (genus) in an analysis = 10, mean = 2.77

Basic Monophyly

number of cladograms that test basic monophyly (i.e., more than 1 included species) = 170
maximum number of included species = 29, mean = 6.99
maximum number of subtaxa (genus) = 10, mean = 3.1
proportion of cladograms that support basic monophyly = 0.72

Rigorous Monophyly

number of cladograms that test rigorous monophyly = 87
(Rigorous monophyly refers to cladograms with terminal species representing more than one subtaxon (genus) taxon and at least one rigorous outgroup (tribe).
maximum number of included species = 29, mean = 9.03
maximum number of subtaxa (genus) = 10, mean = 4.85
proportion of cladograms that support rigorous monophyly = 0.51


Lopes-Lima et al., 2020, fig. 2-4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
29 70 58 10 93 41 2 0.0

*** Top Monophyly Cladogram ***

  +-------------------------------- Acuticosta_chinensis **       
  |                                                            
  +-------------------------------- Lepidodesma_languilati **     
  |                                                            
  |                    +----------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **     
  |     +--------------+                                       
  |     |              |  +-------- Aculamprotula_scripta **      
  |     |              +--+                                    
  |     |                 |  +----- Aculamprotula_coreana **      
  |     |                 +--+                                 
  |     |                    |  +-- Aculamprotula_fibrosa **      
  |     |                    +--+                              
  +-----+                       +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis **
  |     |                                                      
  |     |  +----------------------- Middendorffinaia_mongolica ** 
  |     |  |                                                   
  |     |  |                 +----- Unio_gibbus **                
  |     |  |                 |                                 
  |     |  |  +--------------+----- Unio_tumidus **               
  |     |  |  |              |                                 
  |     +--+  |              |  +-- Unio_crassus **               
  |        |  |              +--+                              
  |        |  |                 +-- Unio_pictorum **              
  |        |  |                                                
  |        |  |     +-------------- Nodularia_breviconcha **      
  |        |  |  +--+                                          
  |        +--+  |  |  +----------- Nodularia[2] **               
  |           |  |  +--+                                       
  |           |  |     |  +-------- Nodularia_nuxpersicae **      
  |           |  |     +--+                                    
  |           |  |        |  +----- Nodularia_nipponensis **      
  |           |  |        +--+                                 
  |           |  |           |  +-- Nodularia_douglasiae **       
  |           |  |           +--+                              
  |           +--+              +-- Nodularia[1] **               
  |              |                                             
  |              |           +----- Cuneopsis_rufescens **        
--+              |  +--------+                                 
  |              |  |        |  +-- Cuneopsis_heudei **           
  |              |  |        +--+                              
  |              |  |           +-- Cuneopsis_celtiformis **      
  |              |  |                                          
  |              |  |        +----- Schistodesmus_spinosus **     
  |              +--+--------+                                 
  |                 |        |  +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus **  
  |                 |        +--+                              
  |                 |           +-- Schistodesmus **              
  |                 |                                          
  |                 |  +----------- Arcuneopsis_pisciculus **     
  |                 +--+                                       
  |                    |  +-------- Inversiunio_jokohamensis **   
  |                    +--+                                    
  |                       |  +----- Inversiunio_verrucosus **     
  |                       +--+                                 
  |                          |  +-- Inversiunio_reinianus **      
  |                          +--+                              
  |                             +-- Inversiunio_yanagawensis **   
  |                                                            
  |              +----------------- Lanceolaria_oxyrhyncha     
  |              |                                             
  |  +-----------+  +-------------- Lanceolaria_gladiola       
  |  |           |  |                                          
  |  |           +--+           +-- Lanceolaria_bilirata       
  |  |              |  +--------+                              
  |  |              |  |        +-- Lanceolaria_grayii         
  |  |              +--+                                       
  |  |                 |  +-------- Lanceolaria_acrorrhyncha   
  |  |                 +--+                                    
  |  |                    |  +----- Lanceolaria_kihirai        
  |  |                    +--+                                 
  |  |                       |  +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata     
  |  |                       +--+                              
  |  |                          +-- Lanceolaria_triformis      
  |  |                                                         
  |  |                    +-------- Pseudanodonta_complanata   
  +--+                    |                                    
     |                    |  +----- Anodonta_cygnea            
     |                    +--+                                 
     |                    |  |  +-- Anodonta_anatina           
     |  +-----------------+  +--+                              
     |  |                 |     +-- Anodonta_nuttalliana       
     |  |                 |                                    
     |  |                 |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis          
     |  |                 |  |                                 
     |  |                 |  +----- Simpsonaias_ambigua        
     |  |                 +--+                                 
     |  |                    +----- Strophitus_undulatus       
     |  |                    |                                 
     |  |                    |  +-- Alasmidonta_marginata      
     |  |                    +--+                              
     |  |                       +-- Lasmigona_compressa        
     +--+                                                      
        |                       +-- Cristaria_plicata          
        |  +--------------------+                              
        |  |                    +-- Cristaria_clessini         
        |  |                                                   
        |  |        +-------------- Anemina_arcaeformis        
        |  |        |                                          
        |  +--------+  +----------- Amuranodonta_kijaensis     
        |  |        |  |                                       
        |  |        +--+  +-------- Buldowskia_suifunica       
        |  |           |  |                                    
        |  |           +--+     +-- Buldowskia_flavotincta     
        +--+              |  +--+                              
           |              |  |  +-- Buldowskia_shadini         
           |              +--+                                 
           |                 |  +-- Buldowskia_iwakawai        
           |                 +--+                              
           |                    +-- Buldowskia_kamiyai         
           |                                                   
           |  +-------------------- Pletholophus_tenuis        
           |  |                                                
           |  |           +-------- Beringiana_japonica        
           |  |  +--------+                                    
           +--+  |        |  +----- Beringiana_beringiana      
              |  |        +--+                                 
              |  |           |  +-- Beringiana_fukuharai       
              |  |           +--+                              
              +--+              +-- Beringiana_gosannensis     
                 |                                             
                 |              +-- Sinanodonta_angula         
                 |  +-----------+                              
                 |  |           +-- Sinanodonta_lucida         
                 |  |                                          
                 +--+  +----------- Sinanodonta_schrenkii      
                    |  |                                       
                    |  |        +-- Sinanodonta_calipygos      
                    |  +--------+                              
                    +--+        +-- Sinanodonta_tumens         
                       |                                       
                       |  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[2]    
                       |  |                                    
                       +--+  +----- Sinanodonta_elliptica      
                          |  |                                 
                          +--+----- Sinanodonta_jourdyi        
                             |                                 
                             |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta          
                             +--+                              
                                +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[1]    

Huang et al., 2019, fig. S1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
25 38 26 7 83 63 2 63.0

*** Top Sister-Group Cladogram ***

        +-------------------------- Anemina_arcaeformis[5]     
        |                                                      
        |  +----------------------- Anemina_euscaphys[2]       
  +-----+  |                                                   
  |     |  |  +-------------------- Anemina_arcaeformis[8]     
  |     |  |  |                                                
  |     +--+  +-------------------- Anemina_globosula[1]       
  |        |  |                                                
  |        |  |  +----------------- Anemina_arcaeformis[9]     
  |        |  |  |                                             
  |        +--+  +----------------- Anemina_euscaphys[3]       
  |           |  |                                             
  |           |  +----------------- Anemina_globosula[2]       
  |           |  |                                             
  |           |  |              +-- Anemina_arcaeformis[1]     
  |           |  +--------------+                              
  |           +--+              +-- Anemina_euscaphys[1]       
  |              |                                             
  |              |              +-- Anemina_arcaeformis[6]     
  |              |  +-----------+                              
  |              |  |           +-- Anemina_euscaphys[4]       
  |              |  |                                          
  |              |  |  +----------- Anemina_arcaeformis[4]     
  |              |  |  |                                       
  |              +--+  +----------- Anemina_euscaphys[7]       
  |                 |  |                                       
  |                 |  |  +-------- Anemina_arcaeformis[12]    
  |                 |  +--+                                    
  |                 |  |  |  +----- Anemina_arcaeformis[7]     
  |                 +--+  +--+                                 
  |                    |     |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis[10]    
  |                    |     +--+                              
  |                    |        +-- Anemina_euscaphys[6]       
  |                    |                                       
  |                    |     +----- Anemina_arcaeformis[3]     
  |                    |     |                                 
  |                    +-----+----- Anemina_arcaeformis[11]    
  |                          |                                 
  |                          |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis[2]     
  |                          +--+                              
  |                             +-- Anemina_euscaphys[5]       
  |                                                            
  |                             +-- Sinanodonta_angula         
--+        +--------------------+                              
  |        |                    +-- Sinanodonta_lucida         
  |        |                                                   
  |        |              +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[11]   
  |        |              |                                    
  |        |  +-----------+  +----- Sinanodonta_woodiana[5]    
  |        |  |           |  |                                 
  |  +-----+  |           |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_elliptica[1]   
  |  |     |  |           +--+  |                              
  |  |     |  |              |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[3]    
  |  |     |  |              |  |                              
  |  |     |  |              |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[4]    
  |  |     |  |              +--+                              
  |  |     |  |                 +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[8]    
  |  |     +--+                 |                              
  |  |        |                 +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[9]    
  |  |        |                 |                              
  |  |        |                 +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[14]   
  |  |        |                                                
  |  |        |  +----------------- Sinanodonta[6]             
  |  |        |  |                                             
  |  |        |  |     +----------- Sinanodonta[7]             
  |  |        |  |     |                                       
  |  |        |  |  +--+  +-------- Sinanodonta[5]             
  |  |        +--+  |  |  |                                    
  |  |           |  |  +--+  +----- Sinanodonta[1]             
  |  |           |  |     |  |                                 
  |  |           |  |     +--+----- Sinanodonta[3]             
  |  |           |  |        |                                 
  |  |           |  |        |  +-- Sinanodonta[2]             
  |  |           +--+        +--+                              
  |  |              |           +-- Sinanodonta[4]             
  |  |              |                                          
  |  |              |  +----------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[2]    
  |  |              |  |                                       
  |  |              |  |  +-------- Sinanodonta_elliptica[2]   
  |  |              |  |  |                                    
  |  |              |  |  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[1]    
  |  |              +--+  |                                    
  |  |                 |  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[7]    
  +--+                 |  |                                    
     |                 |  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[10]   
     |                 |  |                                    
     |                 +--+-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[13]   
     |                    |                                    
     |                    |     +-- Sinanodonta_elliptica[3]   
     |                    +-----+                              
     |                    |     +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[12]   
     |                    |                                    
     |                    |  +----- Sinanodonta_elliptica[4]   
     |                    |  |                                 
     |                    +--+----- Sinanodonta_elliptica[6]   
     |                       |                                 
     |                       |  +-- Sinanodonta_elliptica[5]   
     |                       +--+                              
     |                          +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[6]    
     |                                                         
     |              +-------------- Acuticosta_ovata[1] **        
     |              |                                          
     |              |  +----------- Acuticosta_chinensis[3] **    
     |  +-----------+  |                                       
     |  |           |  +----------- Acuticosta_chinensis[4] **    
     |  |           |  |                                       
     |  |           +--+----------- Acuticosta_chinensis[6] **    
     |  |              |                                       
     |  |              |        +-- Acuticosta_chinensis[1] **    
     |  |              |  +-----+                              
     |  |              |  |     +-- Acuticosta_ovata[2] **        
     |  |              +--+                                    
     |  |                 |  +----- Acuticosta_chinensis[5] **    
     |  |                 |  |                                 
     |  |                 +--+----- Acuticosta_chinensis[7] **    
     |  |                    |                                 
     |  |                    |  +-- Acuticosta_chinensis[2] **    
     +--+                    +--+                              
        |                       +-- Acuticosta_ovata[3] **        
        |                                                      
        |                       +-- Lepidodesma_languilati **     
        |  +--------------------+                              
        |  |                    +-- Cristaria_plicata          
        |  |                                                   
        |  |           +----------- Lanceolaria_gladiola       
        |  |           |                                       
        |  |           |  +-------- Lanceolaria_grayii[5]      
        |  |  +--------+  |                                    
        |  |  |        |  |     +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata     
        |  |  |        |  +-----+                              
        |  |  |        |  |     +-- Lanceolaria_triformis      
        +--+  |        +--+                                    
           |  |           |  +----- Lanceolaria_grayii[4]      
           |  |           |  |                                 
           |  |           |  |  +-- Lanceolaria_eucylindrica[1]
           |  |           |  |  |                              
           |  |           +--+  +-- Lanceolaria_eucylindrica[2]
           |  |              |  |                              
           |  |              |  +-- Lanceolaria_eucylindrica[3]
           |  |              |  |                              
           |  |              +--+-- Lanceolaria_eucylindrica[4]
           +--+                 |                              
              |                 +-- Lanceolaria_grayii[1]      
              |                 |                              
              |                 +-- Lanceolaria_grayii[2]      
              |                 |                              
              |                 +-- Lanceolaria_grayii[3]      
              |                                                
              |        +----------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **     
              |  +-----+                                       
              |  |     |  +-------- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis **
              |  |     +--+                                    
              |  |        |  +----- Aculamprotula_fibrosa **      
              |  |        +--+                                 
              |  |           |  +-- Aculamprotula_coreana **      
              +--+           +--+                              
                 |              +-- Aculamprotula_scripta **      
                 |                                             
                 |           +----- Nodularia_douglasiae[1] **    
                 |  +--------+                                 
                 |  |        |  +-- Nodularia_nuxpersicae **      
                 |  |        +--+                              
                 +--+           +-- Nodularia_douglasiae[2] **    
                    |                                          
                    |  +----------- Arcuneopsis_pisciculus **     
                    |  |                                       
                    +--+        +-- Schistodesmus_spinosus **     
                       |  +-----+                              
                       |  |     +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus **  
                       +--+                                    
                          |  +----- Cuneopsis_rufescens **        
                          +--+                                 
                             |  +-- Cuneopsis_heudei **           
                             +--+                              
                                +-- Cuneopsis_celtiformis **      

Wu et al., 2022, fig. 2d

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
25 39 37 10 14 14 2 53.0
  +-------------------------------- Lepidodesma_languilati **      
  |                                                             
  |                          +----- Lanceolaria_gladiola        
  |           +--------------+                                  
  |           |              |  +-- Lanceolaria_grayii          
  |           |              +--+                               
  |           |                 +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata      
  |  +--------+                                                 
  |  |        |  +----------------- Acuticosta_chinensis **        
  |  |        |  |                                              
  |  |        |  |        +-------- Cristaria_plicata           
  |  |        |  |        |                                     
--+  |        +--+  +-----+     +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana        
  |  |           |  |     |  +--+                               
  |  |           |  |     |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida          
  |  |           |  |     +--+                                  
  |  |           |  |        |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis         
  |  |           +--+        +--+                               
  |  |              |           +-- Anemina_euscaphys           
  |  |              |                                           
  |  |              |           +-- Anodonta_cygnea             
  |  |              |  +--------+                               
  |  |              |  |        +-- Anodonta_anatina            
  |  |              +--+                                        
  +--+                 |  +-------- Lasmigona_compressa         
     |                 +--+                                     
     |                    |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis           
     |                    +--+                                  
     |                       |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis      
     |                       +--+                               
     |                          +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis    
     |                                                          
     |                    +-------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **      
     |                    |                                     
     |  +-----------------+     +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis ** 
     |  |                 |  +--+                               
     |  |                 |  |  +-- Aculamprotula_coreana **       
     |  |                 +--+                                  
     |  |                    |  +-- Aculamprotula_polysticta **    
     |  |                    +--+                               
     |  |                       +-- Aculamprotula_scripta **       
     +--+                                                       
        |                 +-------- Unio_tumidus **                
        |  +--------------+                                     
        |  |              |  +----- Unio_crassus **                
        |  |              +--+                                  
        |  |                 |  +-- Unio_pictorum **               
        |  |                 +--+                               
        |  |                    +-- Unio_delphinus **              
        +--+                                                    
           |                    +-- Pseudocuneopsis_capitata **    
           |  +-----------------+                               
           |  |                 +-- Pseudocuneopsis_sichuanensis **
           |  |                                                 
           |  |                 +-- Nodularia_breviconcha **       
           +--+  +--------------+                               
              |  |              +-- Nodularia_douglasiae **        
              |  |                                              
              |  |              +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus **   
              +--+  +-----------+                               
                 |  |           +-- Schistodesmus_spinosus **      
                 |  |                                           
                 |  |     +-------- Cuneopsis_rufescens **         
                 +--+  +--+                                     
                    |  |  |  +----- Cuneopsis_celtiformis **       
                    |  |  +--+                                  
                    |  |     |  +-- Cuneopsis_heudei **            
                    +--+     +--+                               
                       |        +-- Cuneopsis_demangei **          
                       |                                        
                       |  +-------- Arcuneopsis_pisciculus **      
                       +--+                                     
                          |  +----- Inversiunio_jokohamensis **    
                          +--+                                  
                             |  +-- Inversiunio_reinianus **       
                             +--+                               
                                +-- Inversiunio_yanagawensis **    

Lyubas et al., 2022, fig. 7

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
23 23 20 1 8 5 1 85.0
                       +----------- Pseudanodonta_complanata
  +--------------------+                                    
  |                    |  +-------- Anodonta_anatina        
  |                    +--+                                 
  |                       |  +----- Anodonta_cygnea         
  |                       +--+                              
  |                          |  +-- Anodonta_exulcerata     
  |                          +--+                           
--+                             +-- Anodonta_seddoni        
  |                                                         
  |  +----------------------------- Unio_tumidus **            
  |  |                                                      
  |  |                          +-- Unio_durieui **            
  |  |  +-----------------------+                           
  |  |  |                       +-- Unio_gibbus **             
  +--+  |                                                   
     |  |           +-------------- Unio_damascensis **        
     |  |           |                                       
     |  |           +-------------- Unio_sesirmensis **        
     |  |  +--------+                                       
     +--+  |        |  +----------- Unio_ionicus **            
        |  |        |  |                                    
        |  |        +--+        +-- Unio_bruguierianus **      
        |  |           |  +-----+                           
        |  |           |  |     +-- Unio_tumidiformis **       
        |  |           +--+                                 
        |  |              |  +----- Unio_crassus[2] **         
        +--+              +--+                              
           |                 |  +-- Unio_carneus **            
           |                 +--+                           
           |                    +-- Unio_crassus[1] **         
           |                                                
           |                 +----- Unio_caffer **             
           |  +--------------+                              
           |  |              |  +-- Unio_terminalis **         
           |  |              +--+                           
           +--+                 +-- Unio_delicatus **          
              |                                             
              |  +----------------- Unio_pictorum **           
              |  |                                          
              +--+  +-------------- Unio_eucirrus **           
                 |  |                                       
                 +--+           +-- Unio_elongatulus **        
                    |  +--------+                           
                    |  |        +-- Unio_mancus **             
                    +--+                                    
                       |  +-------- Unio_ravoisieri **         
                       |  |                                 
                       +--+     +-- Unio_delphinus **          
                          |  +--+                           
                          |  |  +-- Unio_foucauldianus **      
                          +--+                              
                             |  +-- Unio_hueti **              
                             +--+                           
                                +-- Unio_tigridis **           

Lyubas et al., 2022, fig. S1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
23 23 14 1 8 5 1 84.0
           +----------- Anodonta_anatina        
  +--------+                                    
  |        |  +-------- Pseudanodonta_complanata
  |        +--+                                 
  |           |  +----- Anodonta_exulcerata     
  |           +--+                              
  |              |  +-- Anodonta_seddoni        
  |              +--+                           
  |                 +-- Anodonta_cygnea         
  |                                             
--+  +----------------- Unio_tumidus **            
  |  |                                          
  |  |              +-- Unio_durieui **            
  |  +--------------+                           
  |  |              +-- Unio_gibbus **             
  |  |                                          
  |  |     +----------- Unio_sesirmensis **        
  |  |     |                                    
  |  |  +--+  +-------- Unio_damascensis **        
  +--+  |  |  |                                 
     |  |  |  |  +----- Unio_ionicus **            
     |  |  +--+  |                              
     |  |     |  |  +-- Unio_bruguierianus **      
     |  |     |  +--+                           
     |  |     +--+  +-- Unio_tumidiformis **       
     |  |        |                              
     |  |        |  +-- Unio_carneus **            
     |  |        |  |                           
     |  |        +--+-- Unio_crassus[1] **         
     +--+           |                           
        |           +-- Unio_crassus[2] **         
        |                                       
        |     +-------- Unio_elongatulus **        
        |     |                                 
        |     +-------- Unio_mancus **             
        |     |                                 
        |     |     +-- Unio_pictorum **           
        |     +-----+                           
        |     |     +-- Unio_eucirrus **           
        |     |                                 
        +-----+  +----- Unio_caffer **             
              +--+                              
              |  |  +-- Unio_terminalis **         
              |  +--+                           
              |     +-- Unio_delicatus **          
              |                                 
              |  +----- Unio_ravoisieri **         
              |  |                              
              |  |  +-- Unio_delphinus **          
              +--+--+                           
                 |  +-- Unio_foucauldianus **      
                 |                              
                 |  +-- Unio_hueti **              
                 +--+                           
                    +-- Unio_tigridis **           

Wu et al., 2022, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
22 36 34 9 52 14 2 56.0
  +-------------------------------- Lepidodesma_languilati **      
  |                                                             
  |                       +-------- Acuticosta_chinensis **        
  |              +--------+                                     
  |              |        |  +----- Lanceolaria_gladiola        
  |              |        +--+                                  
  |              |           |  +-- Lanceolaria_grayii          
  |              |           +--+                               
  |              |              +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata      
  |              |                                              
  |  +-----------+        +-------- Cristaria_plicata           
  |  |           |        |                                     
--+  |           |  +-----+     +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana        
  |  |           |  |     |  +--+                               
  |  |           |  |     |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida          
  |  |           |  |     +--+                                  
  |  |           |  |        |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis         
  |  |           +--+        +--+                               
  |  |              |           +-- Anemina_euscaphys           
  |  |              |                                           
  |  |              |           +-- Anodonta_cygnea             
  |  |              |  +--------+                               
  |  |              |  |        +-- Anodonta_anatina            
  |  |              +--+                                        
  |  |                 |  +-------- Lasmigona_compressa         
  +--+                 +--+                                     
     |                    |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis           
     |                    +--+                                  
     |                       |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis      
     |                       +--+                               
     |                          +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis    
     |                                                          
     |                    +-------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **      
     |                    |                                     
     |  +-----------------+     +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis ** 
     |  |                 |  +--+                               
     |  |                 |  |  +-- Aculamprotula_coreana **       
     |  |                 +--+                                  
     |  |                    |  +-- Aculamprotula_polysticta **    
     |  |                    +--+                               
     |  |                       +-- Aculamprotula_scripta **       
     +--+                                                       
        |                 +-------- Unio_tumidus **                
        |  +--------------+                                     
        |  |              |  +----- Unio_crassus **                
        |  |              +--+                                  
        |  |                 |  +-- Unio_pictorum **               
        |  |                 +--+                               
        +--+                    +-- Unio_delphinus **              
           |                                                    
           |                    +-- Pseudocuneopsis_capitata **    
           |  +-----------------+                               
           |  |                 +-- Pseudocuneopsis_sichuanensis **
           |  |                                                 
           +--+                 +-- Nodularia_douglasiae **        
              |  +--------------+                               
              |  |              +-- Nodularia_breviconcha **       
              |  |                                              
              +--+              +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus **   
                 |  +-----------+                               
                 |  |           +-- Schistodesmus_spinosus **      
                 +--+                                           
                    |  +----------- Arcuneopsis_pisciculus **      
                    +--+                                        
                       |  +-------- Cuneopsis_rufescens **         
                       +--+                                     
                          |  +----- Cuneopsis_celtiformis **       
                          +--+                                  
                             |  +-- Cuneopsis_heudei **            
                             +--+                               
                                +-- Cuneopsis_demangei **          

Huang et al., 2019, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
20 45 35 8 179 25 2 49.0
  +-------------------------------- Acuticosta_chinensis **       
  |                                                            
  |  +----------------------------- Lepidodesma_languilati **     
  |  |                                                         
  |  |                    +-------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **     
  |  |                    |                                    
  |  |        +-----------+  +----- Aculamprotula_coreana **      
  |  |        |           |  |                                 
  |  |        |           +--+----- Aculamprotula_scripta **      
  |  |        |              |                                 
  |  |        |              |  +-- Aculamprotula_fibrosa **      
  |  |        |              +--+                              
  |  |        |                 +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis **
--+  +--------+                                                
  |  |        |           +-------- Unio_tumidus **               
  |  |        |  +--------+                                    
  |  |        |  |        |  +----- Unio_crassus **               
  |  |        |  |        +--+                                 
  |  |        |  |           |  +-- Unio_delphinus **             
  |  |        |  |           +--+                              
  |  |        +--+              +-- Unio_pictorum **              
  |  |           |                                             
  |  |           |              +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus **  
  |  |           |  +-----------+                              
  |  |           |  |           +-- Schistodesmus_spinosus **     
  |  |           |  |                                          
  |  |           +--+        +----- Nodularia_douglasiae[1] **    
  +--+              |  +-----+                                 
     |              |  |     |  +-- Nodularia_douglasiae[2] **    
     |              |  |     +--+                              
     |              +--+        +-- Nodularia_nuxpersicae **      
     |                 |                                       
     |                 |  +-------- Arcuneopsis_pisciculus **     
     |                 +--+                                    
     |                    |  +----- Cuneopsis_rufescens **        
     |                    +--+                                 
     |                       |  +-- Cuneopsis_heudei **           
     |                       +--+                              
     |                          +-- Cuneopsis_celtiformis **      
     |                                                         
     |                    +-------- Lanceolaria_gladiola       
     |                    |                                    
     |  +-----------------+  +----- Lanceolaria_grayii[1]      
     |  |                 |  |                                 
     |  |                 +--+----- Lanceolaria_grayii[2]      
     |  |                    |                                 
     |  |                    |  +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata     
     |  |                    +--+                              
     |  |                       +-- Lanceolaria_triformis      
     |  |                                                      
     |  |     +-------------------- Anemina_arcaeformis        
     |  |     |                                                
     |  |  +--+  +----------------- Cristaria_plicata          
     +--+  |  |  |                                             
        |  |  +--+  +-------------- Pletholophus_tenuis        
        |  |     |  |                                          
        |  |     +--+           +-- Sinanodonta_angula         
        |  |        |  +--------+                              
        |  |        |  |        +-- Sinanodonta_lucida         
        |  |        +--+                                       
        |  |           |  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[2]    
        |  |           +--+                                    
        |  |              |  +----- Sinanodonta[2]             
        |  |              +--+                                 
        +--+                 |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[1]    
           |                 +--+                              
           |                    +-- Sinanodonta[1]             
           |                                                   
           |              +-------- Alasmidonta_marginata      
           |              |                                    
           |              +-------- Lasmigona_compressa        
           |              |                                    
           |              +-------- Pseudanodonta_complanata   
           |              |                                    
           |              +-------- Simpsonaias_ambigua        
           |              |                                    
           +--------------+-------- Strophitus_undulatus       
                          |                                    
                          |  +----- Anodonta_anatina           
                          +--+                                 
                          |  |  +-- Anodonta_cygnea            
                          |  +--+                              
                          |     +-- Anodonta_nuttalliana       
                          |                                    
                          |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis          
                          +--+                                 
                             |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis     
                             +--+                              
                                +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis   

Huang et al., 2019, fig. S4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
20 44 21 8 179 24 2 55.0
  +----------------- Acuticosta_chinensis **       
  |                                             
  +----------------- Alasmidonta_marginata      
  |                                             
  +----------------- Anodonta_anatina           
  |                                             
  +----------------- Anemina_arcaeformis        
  |                                             
  +----------------- Anodonta_cygnea            
  |                                             
  +----------------- Cristaria_plicata          
  |                                             
  +----------------- Anodonta_nuttalliana       
  |                                             
  +----------------- Lasmigona_compressa        
  |                                             
  +----------------- Lepidodesma_languilati **     
  |                                             
  +----------------- Pseudanodonta_complanata   
  |                                             
  +----------------- Pyganodon_grandis          
  |                                             
  +----------------- Simpsonaias_ambigua        
  |                                             
  +----------------- Strophitus_undulatus       
  |                                             
  |              +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus **  
  +--------------+                              
  |              +-- Schistodesmus_spinosus **     
  |                                             
  |              +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis     
  +--------------+                              
  |              +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis   
  |                                             
  |        +-------- Lanceolaria_gladiola       
  +--------+                                    
  |        |  +----- Lanceolaria_grayii         
  |        +--+                                 
--+           |  +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata     
  |           +--+                              
  |              +-- Lanceolaria_triformis      
  |                                             
  |        +-------- Unio_tumidus **               
  +--------+                                    
  |        |  +----- Unio_crassus **               
  |        +--+                                 
  |           |  +-- Unio_delphinus **             
  |           +--+                              
  |              +-- Unio_pictorum **              
  |                                             
  |        +-------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **     
  |        |                                    
  +--------+     +-- Aculamprotula_coreana **      
  |        |  +--+                              
  |        |  |  +-- Aculamprotula_scripta **      
  |        +--+                                 
  |           |  +-- Aculamprotula_fibrosa **      
  |           +--+                              
  |              +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis **
  |                                             
  |        +-------- Cuneopsis_heudei **           
  |        |                                    
  |        +-------- Cuneopsis_celtiformis **      
  |        |                                    
  +--------+-------- Arcuneopsis_pisciculus **     
  |        |                                    
  |        +-------- Cuneopsis_rufescens **        
  |        |                                    
  |        |  +----- Nodularia_douglasiae[2] **    
  |        +--+                                 
  |           |  +-- Nodularia_douglasiae[1] **    
  |           +--+                              
  |              +-- Nodularia_nuxpersicae **      
  |                                             
  |  +-------------- Pletholophus_tenuis        
  |  |                                          
  +--+           +-- Sinanodonta_angula         
     |  +--------+                              
     |  |        +-- Sinanodonta_lucida         
     +--+                                       
        |  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[1]    
        +--+                                    
           |  +----- Sinanodonta[1]             
           +--+                                 
              |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[2]    
              +--+                              
                 +-- Sinanodonta[2]             

Huang et al., 2019, fig. S3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
19 43 40 8 178 24 2 51.0
  +----------------------------------- Acuticosta_chinensis **       
  |                                                               
  |                          +-------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **     
  |                          |                                    
  |              +-----------+     +-- Aculamprotula_coreana **      
  |              |           |  +--+                              
  |              |           |  |  +-- Aculamprotula_scripta **      
  |              |           +--+                                 
  |              |              |  +-- Aculamprotula_fibrosa **      
  |              |              +--+                              
  |              |                 +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis **
  |  +-----------+                                                
  |  |           |           +-------- Unio_tumidus **               
--+  |           |  +--------+                                    
  |  |           |  |        |  +----- Unio_crassus **               
  |  |           |  |        +--+                                 
  |  |           |  |           |  +-- Unio_delphinus **             
  |  |           |  |           +--+                              
  |  |           +--+              +-- Unio_pictorum **              
  |  |              |                                             
  |  |              |           +----- Nodularia_douglasiae[1] **    
  |  |              |  +--------+                                 
  |  |              |  |        |  +-- Nodularia_douglasiae[2] **    
  |  |              |  |        +--+                              
  |  |              +--+           +-- Nodularia_nuxpersicae **      
  |  |                 |                                          
  +--+                 |  +----------- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus **  
     |                 +--+                                       
     |                    |  +-------- Arcuneopsis_pisciculus **     
     |                    +--+                                    
     |                       |  +----- Cuneopsis_rufescens **        
     |                       +--+                                 
     |                          |  +-- Cuneopsis_heudei **           
     |                          +--+                              
     |                             +-- Cuneopsis_celtiformis **      
     |                                                            
     |  +----------------------------- Lepidodesma_languilati **     
     |  |                                                         
     |  |                    +-------- Lanceolaria_gladiola       
     |  |  +-----------------+                                    
     |  |  |                 |  +----- Lanceolaria_grayii         
     |  |  |                 +--+                                 
     +--+  |                    |  +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata     
        |  |                    +--+                              
        |  |                       +-- Lanceolaria_triformis      
        |  |                                                      
        |  |     +-------------------- Anemina_arcaeformis        
        |  |     |                                                
        |  |  +--+  +----------------- Cristaria_plicata          
        +--+  |  |  |                                             
           |  |  +--+  +-------------- Pletholophus_tenuis        
           |  |     |  |                                          
           |  |     +--+           +-- Sinanodonta_angula         
           |  |        |  +--------+                              
           |  |        |  |        +-- Sinanodonta_lucida         
           |  |        +--+                                       
           |  |           |  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana[2]    
           |  |           +--+                                    
           |  |              |  +----- Sinanodonta[2]             
           +--+              +--+                                 
              |                 |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana[1]    
              |                 +--+                              
              |                    +-- Sinanodonta[1]             
              |                                                   
              |                    +-- Alasmidonta_marginata      
              |           +--------+                              
              |           |        +-- Lasmigona_compressa        
              |           |                                       
              |           |     +----- Anodonta_anatina           
              |           +-----+                                 
              |           |     |  +-- Anodonta_cygnea            
              +-----------+     +--+                              
                          |        +-- Anodonta_nuttalliana       
                          |                                       
                          |     +----- Pseudanodonta_complanata   
                          |  +--+                                 
                          |  |  |  +-- Simpsonaias_ambigua        
                          |  |  +--+                              
                          +--+     +-- Strophitus_undulatus       
                             |                                    
                             |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis          
                             +--+                                 
                                |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis     
                                +--+                              
                                   +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis   

Sano et al., 2017, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
16 19 11 6 26 14 2 70.0
                    +-- Cristaria_plicata          
        +-----------+                              
        |           +-- Anemina_arcaeformis        
        |                                          
        |     +-------- Pletholophus_tenuis        
  +-----+  +--+                                    
  |     |  |  |  +----- Sinanodonta_woodiana       
  |     |  |  +--+                                 
  |     |  |     |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta[3]       
  |     |  |     +--+                              
  |     +--+        +-- Sinanodonta_tumens         
  |        |                                       
  |        |        +-- Sinanodonta_lauta[2]       
  |        |  +-----+                              
  |        |  |     +-- Beringiana_japonica[2]     
  |        +--+                                    
  |           |  +----- Sinanodonta_lauta[1]       
  |           +--+                                 
  |              |  +-- Beringiana_japonica[1]     
--+              +--+                              
  |                 +-- Sinanodonta_calipygos      
  |                                                
  |           +-------- Arcuneopsis_pisciculus **     
  |           |                                    
  |  +--------+  +----- Nodularia_nipponensis[2] **   
  |  |        |  |                                 
  |  |        |  |  +-- Nodularia_douglasiae[1] **    
  |  |        +--+  |                              
  |  |           |  +-- Nodularia_douglasiae[2] **    
  |  |           |  |                              
  |  |           |  +-- Nodularia_douglasiae[3] **    
  |  |           +--+                              
  |  |              +-- Nodularia_douglasiae[4] **    
  +--+              |                              
     |              +-- Nodularia_douglasiae[5] **    
     |              |                              
     |              +-- Nodularia_nipponensis[1] **   
     |                                             
     |              +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus **  
     |  +-----------+                              
     |  |           +-- Acuticosta_ovata **           
     |  |                                          
     |  |     +-------- Lepidodesma_languilati **     
     +--+  +--+                                    
        |  |  |  +----- Lanceolaria_grayii[1]      
        |  |  +--+                                 
        |  |     |  +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata     
        +--+     +--+                              
           |        +-- Lanceolaria_grayii[2]      
           |                                       
           |  +-------- Inversiunio_jokohamensis **   
           |  |                                    
           +--+  +----- Inversiunio_yanagawensis[3] **
              |  |                                 
              +--+  +-- Inversiunio_yanagawensis[1] **
                 |  |                              
                 +--+-- Inversiunio_yanagawensis[2] **
                    |                              
                    +-- Inversiunio_reinianus **      

Wu et al., 2018, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
16 37 29 8 42 21 2 51.0
  +----------------------- Lepidodesma_languilati **     
  |                                                   
  |           +----------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **     
  |     +-----+                                       
  |     |     |  +-------- Aculamprotula_scripta **      
  |     |     +--+                                    
  |     |        |  +----- Aculamprotula_coreana **      
  |     |        +--+                                 
  |     |           |  +-- Aculamprotula_fibrosa **      
  +-----+           +--+                              
  |     |              +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis **
  |     |                                             
  |     |              +-- Unio_crassus **               
  |     |  +-----------+                              
  |     |  |           +-- Unio_pictorum **              
  |     |  |                                          
  |     +--+        +----- Nodularia_douglasiae **       
  |        |  +-----+                                 
  |        |  |     |  +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus **  
  |        |  |     +--+                              
--+        +--+        +-- Schistodesmus_spinosus **     
  |           |                                       
  |           |  +-------- Arcuneopsis_pisciculus **     
  |           +--+                                    
  |              |  +----- Cuneopsis_rufescens **        
  |              +--+                                 
  |                 |  +-- Cuneopsis_celtiformis **      
  |                 +--+                              
  |                    +-- Cuneopsis_heudei **           
  |                                                   
  |           +----------- Acuticosta_chinensis **       
  |  +--------+                                       
  |  |        |  +-------- Lanceolaria_gladiola       
  |  |        +--+                                    
  |  |           |  +----- Lanceolaria_grayii         
  |  |           +--+                                 
  |  |              |  +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata     
  |  |              +--+                              
  |  |                 +-- Lanceolaria_triformis      
  |  |                                                
  |  |     +-------------- Anodonta_cygnea            
  +--+     |                                          
     |  +--+  +----------- Anodonta_anatina           
     |  |  |  |                                       
     |  |  +--+  +-------- Strophitus_undulatus       
     |  |     |  |                                    
     |  |     +--+  +----- Lasmigona_compressa        
     |  |        |  |                                 
     |  |        +--+----- Alasmidonta_marginata      
     |  |           |                                 
     |  |           |  +-- Pyganodon_cataracta        
     +--+           +--+                              
        |              +-- Pyganodon_grandis          
        |                                             
        |        +-------- Cristaria_plicata          
        |        |                                    
        |        |     +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana       
        |        |  +--+                              
        |        |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_elliptica      
        |        +--+                                 
        |        |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida         
        +--------+  +--+                              
                 |     +-- Sinanodonta_angula         
                 |                                    
                 |     +-- Anemina_arcaeformis[1]     
                 |     |                              
                 |     +-- Anemina_arcaeformis[2]     
                 |     |                              
                 +-----+-- Anemina_globosula[1]       
                       |                              
                       +-- Anemina_globosula[2]       
                       |                              
                       +-- Anemina_globosula[3]       

Huang et al., 2019, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
16 24 22 7 24 9 2 61.0
  +-------------------------------- Anemina_arcaeformis        
  |                                                            
  |  +----------------------------- Acuticosta_chinensis **       
--+  |                                                         
  |  |                       +----- Sinanodonta_woodiana       
  |  |  +--------------------+                                 
  |  |  |                    |  +-- Sinanodonta_angula         
  +--+  |                    +--+                              
     |  |                       +-- Sinanodonta_lucida         
     |  |                                                      
     |  |              +----------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **     
     |  |  +-----------+                                       
     +--+  |           |  +-------- Aculamprotula_scripta **      
        |  |           +--+                                    
        |  |              |  +----- Aculamprotula_coreana **      
        |  |              +--+                                 
        |  |                 |  +-- Aculamprotula_fibrosa **      
        |  |                 +--+                              
        |  |                    +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis **
        +--+                                                   
           |           +----------- Cristaria_plicata          
           |  +--------+                                       
           |  |        |  +-------- Lanceolaria_gladiola       
           |  |        +--+                                    
           |  |           |  +----- Lanceolaria_grayii         
           |  |           +--+                                 
           |  |              |  +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata     
           +--+              +--+                              
              |                 +-- Lanceolaria_triformis      
              |                                                
              |  +----------------- Lepidodesma_languilati **     
              |  |                                             
              |  |              +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus **  
              +--+  +-----------+                              
                 |  |           +-- Schistodesmus_spinosus **     
                 |  |                                          
                 +--+        +----- Nodularia_douglasiae[1] **    
                    |  +-----+                                 
                    |  |     |  +-- Nodularia_douglasiae[2] **    
                    |  |     +--+                              
                    +--+        +-- Nodularia_nuxpersicae **      
                       |                                       
                       |  +-------- Cuneopsis_rufescens **        
                       +--+                                    
                          |  +----- Arcuneopsis_pisciculus **     
                          +--+                                 
                             |  +-- Cuneopsis_heudei **           
                             +--+                              
                                +-- Cuneopsis_celtiformis **      

Wu et al., 2020, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
16 28 26 9 34 12 2 60.0
  +----------------------- Lepidodesma_languilati **     
  |                                                   
  |                 +----- Acuticosta_chinensis **       
  |     +-----------+                                 
  |     |           |  +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata     
  |     |           +--+                              
  |     |              +-- Lanceolaria_grayii         
  |     |                                             
  |  +--+     +----------- Anodonta_anatina           
  |  |  |  +--+                                       
  |  |  |  |  |  +-------- Lasmigona_compressa        
--+  |  |  |  +--+                                    
  |  |  |  |     |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis          
  |  |  |  |     +--+                                 
  |  |  +--+        |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis   
  |  |     |        +--+                              
  |  |     |           +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis     
  |  |     |                                          
  |  |     |     +-------- Cristaria_plicata          
  |  |     |     |                                    
  |  |     +-----+     +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana       
  |  |           |  +--+                              
  +--+           |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta          
     |           +--+                                 
     |              |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis        
     |              +--+                              
     |                 +-- Anemina_euscaphys          
     |                                                
     |           +-------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **     
     |           |                                    
     |  +--------+     +-- Aculamprotula_coreana **      
     |  |        |  +--+                              
     |  |        |  |  +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis **
     |  |        +--+                                 
     |  |           |  +-- Aculamprotula_polysticta **   
     |  |           +--+                              
     +--+              +-- Aculamprotula_scripta **      
        |                                             
        |        +-------- Unio_tumidus **               
        |  +-----+                                    
        |  |     |  +----- Unio_crassus **               
        |  |     +--+                                 
        |  |        |  +-- Unio_delphinus **             
        +--+        +--+                              
           |           +-- Unio_pictorum **              
           |                                          
           |  +----------- Pseudocuneopsis_capitata **   
           +--+                                       
              |  +-------- Nodularia_douglasiae **       
              +--+                                    
                 |  +----- Arcuneopsis_pisciculus **     
                 +--+                                 
                    |  +-- Cuneopsis_heudei **           
                    +--+                              
                       +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus **  

Lopes-Lima et al., 2021, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
16 16 14 1 9 3 1 80.0
                       +----- Anodonta_anatina  
  +--------------------+                        
  |                    |  +-- Anodonta_cygnea   
  |                    +--+                     
  |                       +-- Anodonta_seddoni  
--+                                             
  |  +----------------------- Unio_tumidus **      
  |  |                                          
  |  |              +-------- Unio_damascensis **  
  |  |  +-----------+                           
  +--+  |           |  +----- Unio_sesirmensis **  
     |  |           +--+                        
     |  |              |  +-- Unio_bruguierianus **
     |  |              +--+                     
     +--+                 +-- Unio_crassus **      
        |                                       
        |                 +-- Unio_delicatus **    
        |  +--------------+                     
        |  |              +-- Unio_terminalis **   
        |  |                                    
        +--+              +-- Unio_tigridis **     
           |  +-----------+                     
           |  |           +-- Unio_hueti **        
           |  |                                 
           +--+  +----------- Unio_ravoisieri **   
              |  |                              
              |  |        +-- Unio_pictorum **     
              +--+  +-----+                     
                 |  |     +-- Unio_eucirrus **     
                 |  |                           
                 +--+     +-- Unio_elongatulus **  
                    |  +--+                     
                    |  |  +-- Unio_mancus **       
                    +--+                        
                       |  +-- Unio_foucauldianus **
                       +--+                     
                          +-- Unio_delphinus **    

Araujo et al., 2018, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
15 15 10 2 4 3 1 76.0
                    +----- Anodonta_anatina    
  +-----------------+                          
  |                 |  +-- Pyganodon_grandis   
  |                 +--+                       
  |                    +-- Alasmidonta         
--+                                            
  |  +-------------------- Nodularia_douglasiae **
  |  |                                         
  |  |                 +-- Unio_durieui **        
  +--+  +--------------+                       
     |  |              +-- Unio_gibbus **         
     |  |                                      
     +--+  +-------------- Unio_tumidus **        
        |  |                                   
        |  |     +-------- Unio_tumidiformis **   
        |  |  +--+                             
        +--+  |  |  +----- Unio_bruguierianus **  
           |  |  +--+                          
           |  |     |  +-- Unio_crassus **        
           |  |     +--+                       
           +--+        +-- Unio_ionicus **        
              |                                
              |        +-- Unio_delphinus **      
              |     +--+                       
              |     |  +-- Unio_foucauldianus **  
              |     |                          
              +-----+  +-- Unio_pictorum **       
                    |  |                       
                    |  +-- Unio_elongatulus **    
                    |  |                       
                    +--+-- Unio_mancus **         
                       |                       
                       +-- Unio_ravoisieri **     
                       |                       
                       +-- Unio_tigridis **       

Wu et al., 2019, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
15 27 25 9 32 12 2 59.0
  +----------------------- Lepidodesma_languilati **     
  |                                                   
  |              +-------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **     
  |     +--------+                                    
  |     |        |  +----- Aculamprotula_scripta **      
  |     |        +--+                                 
  |     |           |  +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis **
  |     |           +--+                              
  |     |              +-- Aculamprotula_coreana **      
  |  +--+                                             
--+  |  |        +-------- Unio_tumidus **               
  |  |  |  +-----+                                    
  |  |  |  |     |  +----- Unio_crassus **               
  |  |  |  |     +--+                                 
  |  |  |  |        |  +-- Unio_delphinus **             
  |  |  +--+        +--+                              
  |  |     |           +-- Unio_pictorum **              
  |  |     |                                          
  |  |     |  +----------- Pseudocuneopsis_capitata **   
  |  |     +--+                                       
  |  |        |  +-------- Nodularia_douglasiae **       
  +--+        +--+                                    
     |           |  +----- Arcuneopsis_pisciculus **     
     |           +--+                                 
     |              |  +-- Cuneopsis_heudei **           
     |              +--+                              
     |                 +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus **  
     |                                                
     |              +----- Acuticosta_chinensis **       
     |  +-----------+                                 
     |  |           |  +-- Lanceolaria_grayii         
     |  |           +--+                              
     |  |              +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata     
     |  |                                             
     +--+     +----------- Anodonta_anatina           
        |  +--+                                       
        |  |  |  +-------- Lasmigona_compressa        
        |  |  +--+                                    
        |  |     |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis          
        |  |     +--+                                 
        +--+        |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis   
           |        +--+                              
           |           +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis     
           |                                          
           |     +-------- Cristaria_plicata          
           |     |                                    
           +-----+     +-- Anemina_arcaeformis        
                 |  +--+                              
                 |  |  +-- Anemina_euscaphys          
                 +--+                                 
                    |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida         
                    +--+                              
                       +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana       

Froufe et al., 2016, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
14 14 11 2 0 0 0 73.0
                             +-- Nodularia_douglasiae ** 
  +--------------------------+                        
  |                          +-- Nodularia_breviconcha **
  |                                                   
--+                          +-- Unio_gibbus **          
  |  +-----------------------+                        
  |  |                       +-- Unio_durieui **         
  +--+                                                
     |  +----------------------- Unio_tumidus **         
     |  |                                             
     +--+                    +-- Unio_crassus **         
        |  +-----------------+                        
        |  |                 +-- Unio_tumidiformis **    
        +--+                                          
           |  +----------------- Unio_delphinus **       
           +--+                                       
              |  +-------------- Unio_foucauldianus **   
              +--+                                    
                 |  +----------- Unio_ravoisieri **      
                 +--+                                 
                    |  +-------- Unio_mancus **          
                    +--+                              
                       |  +----- Unio_elongatulus **     
                       +--+                           
                          |  +-- Unio_pictorum **        
                          +--+                        
                             +-- Unio_caffer **          

Liu et al., 2017, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
14 17 11 5 3 2 2 61.0
                    +----- Acuticosta_chinensis **     
  +-----------------+                               
  |                 |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis      
  |                 +--+                            
  |                    +-- Sinosolenaia_oleivora    
--+                                                 
  |  +-------------------- Lanceolaria_grayii       
  |  |                                              
  |  |              +----- Unio_tumidus **             
  |  |              |                               
  +--+  +-----------+----- Unio_gibbus **              
     |  |           |                               
     |  |           |  +-- Unio_crassus **             
     |  |           +--+                            
     |  |              +-- Unio_pictorum **            
     +--+                                           
        |  +-------------- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus **
        |  |                                        
        |  |           +-- Cuneopsis_heudei **         
        |  +-----------+                            
        +--+           +-- Cuneopsis_rufescens **      
           |                                        
           |  +----------- Nodularia_breviconcha **    
           |  |                                     
           +--+  +-------- Nodularia_douglasiae[3] **  
              |  |                                  
              +--+  +----- Nodularia_douglasiae[2] **  
                 |  |                               
                 +--+  +-- Nodularia_douglasiae[1] **  
                    |  |                            
                    +--+-- Nodularia_nuxpersicae **    
                       |                            
                       +-- Nodularia_nipponensis **    

Fukata & Iigo, 2020, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
14 28 26 9 40 14 2 61.0
  +----------------------- Lepidodesma_languilati **     
  |                                                   
  |                 +----- Lanceolaria_gladiola       
  |  +--------------+                                 
  |  |              |  +-- Lanceolaria_grayii         
  |  |              +--+                              
  |  |                 +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata     
--+  |                                                
  |  |     +-------------- Acuticosta_chinensis **       
  |  |     |                                          
  |  |     |     +-------- Cristaria_plicata          
  |  |     |     |                                    
  |  |     |  +--+     +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana       
  |  |  +--+  |  |  +--+                              
  +--+  |  |  |  |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida         
     |  |  |  |  +--+                                 
     |  |  |  |     |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis        
     |  |  |  |     +--+                              
     |  |  +--+        +-- Anemina_euscaphys          
     |  |     |                                       
     |  |     |        +-- Anodonta_anatina           
     |  |     |  +-----+                              
     |  |     |  |     +-- Anodonta_cygnea            
     |  |     |  |                                    
     |  |     +--+     +-- Pyganodon_grandis          
     +--+        |  +--+                              
        |        |  |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis   
        |        +--+                                 
        |           |  +-- Alasmidonta_varicosa       
        |           +--+                              
        |              +-- Alasmidonta_heterodon      
        |                                             
        |           +----- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **     
        |  +--------+                                 
        |  |        |  +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis **
        |  |        +--+                              
        |  |           +-- Aculamprotula_coreana **      
        |  |                                          
        +--+     +-------- Unio_tumidus **               
           |  +--+                                    
           |  |  |  +----- Unio_crassus **               
           |  |  +--+                                 
           |  |     |  +-- Unio_pictorum **              
           |  |     +--+                              
           +--+        +-- Unio_delphinus **             
              |                                       
              |        +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus **  
              |  +-----+                              
              |  |     +-- Cuneopsis_heudei **           
              +--+                                    
                 |  +----- Pseudocuneopsis_capitata **   
                 +--+                                 
                    |  +-- Nodularia_douglasiae **       
                    +--+                              
                       +-- Arcuneopsis_pisciculus **     

Sano et al., 2020, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
14 14 12 7 61 27 2 64.0
                          +-- Anodonta_cygnea            
                 +--------+                              
                 |        +-- Anodonta_anatina           
                 |                                       
  +--------------+     +----- Alasmidonta_varicosa       
  |              |  +--+                                 
  |              |  |  |  +-- Alasmidonta_heterodon      
  |              |  |  +--+                              
  |              +--+     +-- Lasmigona_compressa        
  |                 |                                    
  |                 |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis          
  |                 +--+                                 
--+                    |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis     
  |                    +--+                              
  |                       +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis   
  |                                                      
  |                    +----- Lanceolaria_grayii[1]      
  |  +-----------------+                                 
  |  |                 |  +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata     
  |  |                 +--+                              
  |  |                    +-- Lanceolaria_grayii[2]      
  +--+                                                   
     |  +-------------------- Lepidodesma_languilati **     
     |  |                                                
     |  |              +----- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **     
     |  |  +-----------+                                 
     +--+  |           |  +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis **
        |  |           +--+                              
        |  |              +-- Aculamprotula_coreana **      
        |  |                                             
        +--+           +----- Unio_crassus **               
           |  +--------+                                 
           |  |        |  +-- Unio_delphinus **             
           |  |        +--+                              
           |  |           +-- Unio_pictorum **              
           +--+                                          
              |        +----- Nodularia_douglasiae **       
              |  +-----+                                 
              |  |     |  +-- Arcuneopsis_pisciculus **     
              |  |     +--+                              
              +--+        +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus **  
                 |                                       
                 |  +-------- Inversiunio_jokohamensis **   
                 +--+                                    
                    |  +----- Inversiunio_yanagawensis[2] **
                    +--+                                 
                       |  +-- Inversiunio_reinianus **      
                       +--+                              
                          +-- Inversiunio_yanagawensis[1] **

Sano et al., 2020, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
14 14 12 7 61 27 2 64.0
                          +-- Anodonta_anatina           
                 +--------+                              
                 |        +-- Anodonta_cygnea            
                 |                                       
  +--------------+     +----- Pyganodon_grandis          
  |              |  +--+                                 
  |              |  |  |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis     
  |              |  |  +--+                              
  |              +--+     +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis   
  |                 |                                    
  |                 |  +----- Alasmidonta_varicosa       
  |                 +--+                                 
--+                    |  +-- Lasmigona_compressa        
  |                    +--+                              
  |                       +-- Alasmidonta_heterodon      
  |                                                      
  |                    +----- Lanceolaria_grayii[1]      
  |  +-----------------+                                 
  |  |                 |  +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata     
  |  |                 +--+                              
  |  |                    +-- Lanceolaria_grayii[2]      
  +--+                                                   
     |  +-------------------- Lepidodesma_languilati **     
     |  |                                                
     |  |              +----- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **     
     |  |  +-----------+                                 
     +--+  |           |  +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis **
        |  |           +--+                              
        |  |              +-- Aculamprotula_coreana **      
        |  |                                             
        +--+           +----- Unio_crassus **               
           |  +--------+                                 
           |  |        |  +-- Unio_delphinus **             
           |  |        +--+                              
           |  |           +-- Unio_pictorum **              
           +--+                                          
              |        +----- Nodularia_douglasiae **       
              |  +-----+                                 
              |  |     |  +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus **  
              |  |     +--+                              
              +--+        +-- Arcuneopsis_pisciculus **     
                 |                                       
                 |  +-------- Inversiunio_jokohamensis **   
                 +--+                                    
                    |  +----- Inversiunio_yanagawensis[2] **
                    +--+                                 
                       |  +-- Inversiunio_reinianus **      
                       +--+                              
                          +-- Inversiunio_yanagawensis[1] **

Sano et al., 2020, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
14 17 15 7 61 27 2 62.0
  +-------------------------------- Cristaria_plicata          
  |                                                            
  |                             +-- Anodonta_cygnea            
  |                    +--------+                              
  |                    |        +-- Anodonta_anatina           
  |                    |                                       
  |  +-----------------+     +----- Alasmidonta_varicosa       
--+  |                 |  +--+                                 
  |  |                 |  |  |  +-- Alasmidonta_heterodon      
  |  |                 |  |  +--+                              
  |  |                 +--+     +-- Lasmigona_compressa        
  |  |                    |                                    
  |  |                    |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis          
  |  |                    +--+                                 
  +--+                       |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis     
     |                       +--+                              
     |                          +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis   
     |                                                         
     |  +-------------------------- Lepidodesma_languilati **     
     |  |                                                      
     |  |                    +----- Lanceolaria_grayii[1]      
     |  |  +-----------------+                                 
     +--+  |                 |  +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata     
        |  |                 +--+                              
        |  |                    +-- Lanceolaria_grayii[2]      
        |  |                                                   
        +--+                 +----- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **     
           |  +--------------+                                 
           |  |              |  +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis **
           |  |              +--+                              
           |  |                 +-- Aculamprotula_coreana **      
           +--+                                                
              |              +----- Unio_crassus **               
              |  +-----------+                                 
              |  |           |  +-- Unio_delphinus **             
              |  |           +--+                              
              +--+              +-- Unio_pictorum **              
                 |                                             
                 |  +-------------- Nodularia_douglasiae **       
                 |  |                                          
                 +--+           +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus **  
                    |  +--------+                              
                    |  |        +-- Arcuneopsis_pisciculus **     
                    +--+                                       
                       |  +-------- Inversiunio_jokohamensis **   
                       +--+                                    
                          |  +----- Inversiunio_yanagawensis[2] **
                          +--+                                 
                             |  +-- Inversiunio_reinianus **      
                             +--+                              
                                +-- Inversiunio_yanagawensis[1] **

Konopleva et al., 2023, fig. S1, 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
14 33 30 8 42 19 2 51.0
           +----------------- Middendorffinaia_mongolica ** 
           |                                             
           |        +-------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **     
           |  +-----+                                    
  +--------+  |     |  +----- Aculamprotula_scripta **      
  |        |  |     +--+                                 
  |        |  |        |  +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis **
  |        |  |        +--+                              
  |        +--+           +-- Aculamprotula_coreana **      
  |           |                                          
  |           |        +----- Unio_tumidus **               
  |           |  +-----+                                 
  |           |  |     |  +-- Unio_pictorum **              
  |           |  |     +--+                              
  |           +--+        +-- Unio_crassus **               
  |              |                                       
  |              |  +-------- Nodularia_douglasiae **       
--+              +--+                                    
  |                 |  +----- Arcuneopsis_pisciculus **     
  |                 +--+                                 
  |                    |  +-- Cuneopsis_rufescens **        
  |                    +--+                              
  |                       +-- Cuneopsis_heudei **           
  |                                                      
  |                 +-------- Lepidodesma_languilati **     
  |  +--------------+                                    
  |  |              |  +----- Lanceolaria_gladiola       
  |  |              +--+                                 
  |  |                 |  +-- Lanceolaria_grayii         
  |  |                 +--+                              
  +--+                    +-- Lanceolaria_triformis      
     |                                                   
     |  +-------------------- Acuticosta_chinensis **       
     |  |                                                
     |  |              +----- Anodonta_anatina           
     |  |  +-----------+                                 
     +--+  |           |  +-- Pseudanodonta_complanata   
        |  |           +--+                              
        |  |              +-- Anodonta_cygnea            
        |  |                                             
        |  |        +-------- Anemina_arcaeformis        
        +--+  +-----+                                    
           |  |     |  +----- Amuranodonta_kijaensis     
           |  |     +--+                                 
           |  |        |  +-- Buldowskia_suifunica       
           |  |        +--+                              
           |  |           +-- Buldowskia_shadini         
           +--+                                          
              |     +-------- Beringiana_beringiana      
              |  +--+                                    
              |  |  |  +----- Sinanodonta_schrenkii      
              |  |  +--+                                 
              |  |     |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana       
              +--+     +--+                              
                 |        +-- Sinanodonta_lauta          
                 |                                       
                 |  +-------- Cristaria                  
                 |  |                                    
                 +--+     +-- Cristaria_truncata         
                    |  +--+                              
                    |  |  +-- Cristaria_plicata          
                    +--+                                 
                       |  +-- Cristaria_bellua           
                       +--+                              
                          +-- Cristaria_clessini         

Huang et al., 2019, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
13 27 25 7 44 14 2 58.0
  +----------------------------- Lepidodesma_languilati **     
  |                                                         
  |                    +-------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **     
  |              +-----+                                    
  |              |     |  +----- Aculamprotula_scripta **      
  |              |     +--+                                 
  |              |        |  +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis **
  |              |        +--+                              
  |  +-----------+           +-- Aculamprotula_coreana **      
--+  |           |                                          
  |  |           |        +----- Nodularia_douglasiae **       
  |  |           |  +-----+                                 
  |  |           |  |     |  +-- Arcuneopsis_pisciculus **     
  |  |           |  |     +--+                              
  |  |           +--+        +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus **  
  |  |              |                                       
  |  |              |  +-------- Unio_tumidus **               
  |  |              +--+                                    
  +--+                 |  +----- Unio_crassus **               
     |                 +--+                                 
     |                    |  +-- Unio_delphinus **             
     |                    +--+                              
     |                       +-- Unio_pictorum **              
     |                                                      
     |                    +----- Lanceolaria_gladiola       
     |  +-----------------+                                 
     |  |                 |  +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata     
     |  |                 +--+                              
     |  |                    +-- Lanceolaria_grayii         
     +--+                                                   
        |  +-------------------- Acuticosta_chinensis **       
        |  |                                                
        |  |           +-------- Cristaria_plicata          
        |  |           |                                    
        +--+  +--------+     +-- Sinanodonta_lucida         
           |  |        |  +--+                              
           |  |        |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana       
           |  |        +--+                                 
           +--+           |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis        
              |           +--+                              
              |              +-- Anemina_euscaphys          
              |                                             
              |  +-------------- Anodonta_cygnea            
              +--+                                          
                 |  +----------- Anodonta_anatina           
                 +--+                                       
                    |  +-------- Lasmigona_compressa        
                    +--+                                    
                       |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis          
                       +--+                                 
                          |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis     
                          +--+                              
                             +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis   

Aunins et al., 2018, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
13 27 25 8 28 14 2 60.0
  +----------------------- Lepidodesma_languilati **     
  |                                                   
  |                 +----- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **     
  |        +--------+                                 
  |        |        |  +-- Aculamprotula_coreana **      
  |        |        +--+                              
  |        |           +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis **
  |        |                                          
  |  +-----+     +-------- Nodularia_douglasiae **       
--+  |     |  +--+                                    
  |  |     |  |  |  +----- Arcuneopsis_pisciculus **     
  |  |     |  |  +--+                                 
  |  |     |  |     |  +-- Cuneopsis_heudei **           
  |  |     +--+     +--+                              
  |  |        |        +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus **  
  |  |        |                                       
  |  |        |  +-------- Unio_tumidus **               
  |  |        +--+                                    
  |  |           |  +----- Unio_crassus **               
  +--+           +--+                                 
     |              |  +-- Unio_pictorum **              
     |              +--+                              
     |                 +-- Unio_delphinus **             
     |                                                
     |              +----- Acuticosta_chinensis **       
     |  +-----------+                                 
     |  |           |  +-- Lanceolaria_grayii         
     |  |           +--+                              
     |  |              +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata     
     |  |                                             
     |  |        +-------- Cristaria_plicata          
     +--+        |                                    
        |  +-----+     +-- Anemina_arcaeformis        
        |  |     |  +--+                              
        |  |     |  |  +-- Anemina_euscaphys          
        |  |     +--+                                 
        |  |        |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana       
        |  |        +--+                              
        +--+           +-- Sinanodonta_lucida         
           |                                          
           |           +-- Anodonta_anatina           
           |  +--------+                              
           |  |        +-- Anodonta_cygnea            
           |  |                                       
           +--+        +-- Alasmidonta_heterodon      
              |  +-----+                              
              |  |     +-- Alasmidonta_varicosa       
              +--+                                    
                 |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis          
                 +--+                                 
                    |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis     
                    +--+                              
                       +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis   

Sayenko et al., 2021, fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
13 13 9 4 0 0 0 64.0
                    +-- Unio_pictorum **              
  +-----------------+                              
  |                 +-- Unio_crassus **               
  |                                                
  |           +-------- Inversiunio_jokohamensis **   
--+           |                                    
  |  +--------+  +----- Inversiunio_yanagawensis[2] **
  |  |        |  |                                 
  |  |        +--+----- Inversiunio_verrucosus **     
  |  |           |                                 
  +--+           |  +-- Inversiunio_reinianus **      
     |           +--+                              
     |              +-- Inversiunio_yanagawensis[1] **
     |                                             
     |  +-------------- Middendorffinaia_mongolica ** 
     +--+                                          
        |  +----------- Nodularia_breviconcha **      
        +--+                                       
           |  +-------- Nodularia_douglasiae[2] **    
           +--+                                    
              |  +----- Nodularia_nuxpersicae **      
              +--+                                 
                 |  +-- Nodularia_douglasiae[1] **    
                 +--+                              
                    +-- Nodularia_nipponensis **      

Sano et al., 2020, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
12 32 4 7 34 20 2 75.0
  +-------- Lanceolaria_grayii[1]      
  |                                    
  +-------- Lanceolaria_grayii[2]      
  |                                    
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata[1]       
  |                                    
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata[2]       
  |                                    
  +-------- Sinanodonta_lauta[1]       
  |                                    
  +-------- Sinanodonta_lauta[2]       
  |                                    
  +-------- Beringiana_japonica[1]     
  |                                    
  +-------- Beringiana_japonica[2]     
  |                                    
  +-------- Sinanodonta_calipygos[1]   
  |                                    
  +-------- Sinanodonta_calipygos[2]   
  |                                    
  +-------- Anemina_arcaeformis[1]     
  |                                    
  +-------- Anemina_arcaeformis[2]     
  |                                    
  +-------- Sinanodonta_tumens[1]      
  |                                    
--+-------- Sinanodonta_tumens[2]      
  |                                    
  +-------- Pletholophus_tenuis        
  |                                    
  +-------- Anemina_arcaeformis[3]     
  |                                    
  +-------- Lanceolaria_lanceolata     
  |                                    
  +-------- Cristaria_plicata[3]       
  |                                    
  +-------- Lanceolaria_gladiola       
  |                                    
  +-------- Sinanodonta_angula         
  |                                    
  +-------- Lepidodesma_languilati **     
  |                                    
  |     +-- Nodularia_douglasiae **       
  +-----+                              
  |     +-- Cuneopsis_celtiformis **      
  |                                    
  |     +-- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **     
  +-----+                              
  |     +-- Acuticosta_chinensis **       
  |                                    
  |  +----- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus **  
  |  |                                 
  |  |  +-- Inversiunio_reinianus[1] **   
  +--+  |                              
     |  +-- Inversiunio_reinianus[2] **   
     |  |                              
     |  +-- Inversiunio_jokohamensis[1] **
     +--+                              
        +-- Inversiunio_jokohamensis[2] **
        |                              
        +-- Inversiunio_jokohamensis[3] **
        |                              
        +-- Inversiunio_jokohamensis[4] **

Wu et al., 2022, fig. 2e

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
12 12 10 7 5 5 2 65.0
                    +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana        
  +-----------------+                                     
  |                 |  +----- Anodonta_anatina            
  |                 +--+                                  
  |                    |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis    
--+                    +--+                               
  |                       +-- Pyganodon_grandis           
  |                                                       
  |  +----------------------- Lanceolaria_lanceolata      
  |  |                                                    
  +--+  +-------------------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **      
     |  |                                                 
     |  |              +----- Unio_tumidus **                
     +--+  +-----------+                                  
        |  |           |  +-- Unio_crassus **                
        |  |           +--+                               
        |  |              +-- Unio_delphinus **              
        +--+                                              
           |              +-- Pseudocuneopsis_sichuanensis **
           |  +-----------+                               
           |  |           +-- Pseudocuneopsis_capitata **    
           +--+                                           
              |  +----------- Nodularia_douglasiae **        
              |  |                                        
              +--+  +-------- Arcuneopsis_pisciculus **      
                 |  |                                     
                 +--+     +-- Cuneopsis_celtiformis **       
                    |  +--+                               
                    |  |  +-- Cuneopsis_heudei **            
                    +--+                                  
                       |  +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus **   
                       +--+                               
                          +-- Schistodesmus_spinosus **      

Zhou et al., 2007, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
11 13 10 5 12 4 2 65.0
                 +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus **  
           +-----+                              
           |     +-- Schistodesmus_spinosus **     
           |                                    
  +--------+     +-- Lanceolaria_triformis      
  |        |  +--+                              
  |        |  |  +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata     
  |        +--+                                 
  |           |  +-- Acuticosta_ovata **           
--+           +--+                              
  |              +-- Acuticosta_chinensis **       
  |                                             
  |              +-- Arcuneopsis_pisciculus **     
  |  +-----------+                              
  |  |           +-- Nodularia_douglasiae **       
  +--+                                          
     |  +----------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **     
     +--+                                       
        |  +-------- Aculamprotula_scripta **      
        +--+                                    
           |  +----- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis **
           +--+                                 
              |  +-- Aculamprotula_zonata **       
              +--+                              
                 +-- Aculamprotula_fibrosa **      

Prié & Puillandre, 2014, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
11 11 8 1 6 3 1 74.0
                 +----- Anodonta_anatina        
  +--------------+                              
  |              |  +-- Pseudanodonta_complanata
  |              +--+                           
  |                 +-- Anodonta_cygnea         
  |                                             
--+              +----- Unio_tumidus **            
  |  +-----------+                              
  |  |           |  +-- Unio_gibbus **             
  |  |           +--+                           
  |  |              +-- Unio_durieui **            
  +--+                                          
     |           +----- Unio_tumidiformis **       
     |  +--------+                              
     |  |        |  +-- Unio_crassus **            
     |  |        +--+                           
     +--+           +-- Unio_courtillieri **       
        |                                       
        |  +----------- Unio_delphinus **          
        +--+                                    
           |  +-------- Unio_elongatulus **        
           +--+                                 
              |  +----- Unio_mancus **             
              +--+                              
                 |  +-- Unio_pictorum **           
                 +--+                           
                    +-- Unio_ravoisieri **         

Lopes-Lima et al., 2017, fig. 1-2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
11 11 7 6 70 18 2 61.0
                 +----- Unio_gibbus **              
                 |                               
     +-----------+----- Unio_tumidus **             
     |           |                               
     |           |  +-- Unio_crassus **             
     |           +--+                            
  +--+              +-- Unio_pictorum **            
  |  |                                           
  |  |  +-------------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **   
  |  |  |                                        
  |  +--+           +-- Nodularia_nuxpersicae **    
  |     |  +--------+                            
  |     |  |        +-- Nodularia_douglasiae **     
  |     +--+                                     
  |        |  +-------- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus **
  |        +--+                                  
  |           |  +----- Arcuneopsis_pisciculus **   
  |           +--+                               
--+              |  +-- Cuneopsis_heudei **         
  |              +--+                            
  |                 +-- Cuneopsis_rufescens **      
  |                                              
  |           +-------- Lanceolaria_gladiola     
  |  +--------+                                  
  |  |        |  +----- Lanceolaria_grayii[2]    
  |  |        +--+                               
  |  |           |  +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata   
  |  |           +--+                            
  |  |              +-- Lanceolaria_grayii[1]    
  |  |                                           
  +--+     +----------- Cristaria_plicata        
     |  +--+                                     
     |  |  |  +-------- Anemina_arcaeformis      
     |  |  +--+                                  
     |  |     |  +----- Pletholophus_tenuis      
     |  |     +--+                               
     |  |        |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana     
     |  |        +--+                            
     +--+           +-- Sinanodonta_lucida       
        |                                        
        |        +----- Pseudanodonta_complanata 
        |        |                               
        |  +-----+  +-- Anodonta_anatina         
        |  |     |  |                            
        |  |     +--+-- Anodonta_cygnea          
        |  |        |                            
        +--+        +-- Anodonta_nuttalliana     
           |                                     
           |        +-- Pyganodon_grandis        
           |  +-----+                            
           |  |     +-- Simpsonaias_ambigua      
           +--+                                  
              |  +----- Strophitus_undulatus     
              +--+                               
                 |  +-- Alasmidonta_marginata    
                 +--+                            
                    +-- Lasmigona_compressa      

Soroka & Burzynski, 2017, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
11 11 9 6 13 13 2 63.0
                 +-------- Cristaria_plicata          
                 |                                    
           +-----+     +-- Anemina_arcaeformis        
           |     |  +--+                              
           |     |  |  +-- Anemina_euscaphys          
           |     +--+                                 
           |        |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana       
  +--------+        +--+                              
  |        |           +-- Sinanodonta_lucida         
  |        |                                          
  |        |           +-- Anodonta_cygnea            
  |        |  +--------+                              
  |        |  |        +-- Anodonta_anatina           
  |        +--+                                       
  |           |  +-------- Lasmigona_compressa        
  |           +--+                                    
--+              |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis          
  |              +--+                                 
  |                 |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis     
  |                 +--+                              
  |                    +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis   
  |                                                   
  |                    +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata     
  |  +-----------------+                              
  |  |                 +-- Lanceolaria_grayii         
  |  |                                                
  +--+  +----------------- Lepidodesma_languilati **     
     |  |                                             
     |  |           +----- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **     
     +--+  +--------+                                 
        |  |        |  +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis **
        |  |        +--+                              
        |  |           +-- Aculamprotula_coreana **      
        +--+                                          
           |        +----- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus **  
           |  +-----+                                 
           |  |     |  +-- Arcuneopsis_pisciculus **     
           |  |     +--+                              
           +--+        +-- Nodularia_douglasiae **       
              |                                       
              |  +-------- Unio_tumidus **               
              +--+                                    
                 |  +----- Unio_crassus **               
                 +--+                                 
                    |  +-- Unio_pictorum **              
                    +--+                              
                       +-- Unio_delphinus **             

Cha et al., 2018, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
11 22 20 6 28 11 2 60.0
  +----------------------- Lepidodesma_languilati **     
  |                                                   
  |                 +----- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **     
  |        +--------+                                 
  |        |        |  +-- Aculamprotula_coreana **      
  |        |        +--+                              
  |        |           +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis **
  |  +-----+                                          
--+  |     |        +----- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus **  
  |  |     |  +-----+                                 
  |  |     |  |     |  +-- Nodularia_douglasiae **       
  |  |     |  |     +--+                              
  |  |     +--+        +-- Arcuneopsis_pisciculus **     
  |  |        |                                       
  |  |        |  +-------- Unio_tumidus **               
  |  |        +--+                                    
  +--+           |  +----- Unio_crassus **               
     |           +--+                                 
     |              |  +-- Unio_pictorum **              
     |              +--+                              
     |                 +-- Unio_delphinus **             
     |                                                
     |  +----------------- Lanceolaria_grayii         
     |  |                                             
     |  |     +----------- Anodonta_anatina           
     |  |  +--+                                       
     +--+  |  |  +-------- Lasmigona_compressa        
        |  |  +--+                                    
        |  |     |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis          
        |  |     +--+                                 
        +--+        |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis   
           |        +--+                              
           |           +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis     
           |                                          
           |     +-------- Cristaria_plicata          
           |     |                                    
           +-----+     +-- Anemina_arcaeformis        
                 |  +--+                              
                 |  |  +-- Anemina_euscaphys          
                 +--+                                 
                    |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida         
                    +--+                              
                       +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana       

Froufe et al., 2019, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
11 23 21 6 34 12 2 58.0
  +----------------------- Lepidodesma_languilati **     
  |                                                   
  |                 +----- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **     
  |        +--------+                                 
  |        |        |  +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis **
  |        |        +--+                              
  |        |           +-- Aculamprotula_coreana **      
  |  +-----+                                          
--+  |     |        +----- Nodularia_douglasiae **       
  |  |     |  +-----+                                 
  |  |     |  |     |  +-- Arcuneopsis_pisciculus **     
  |  |     |  |     +--+                              
  |  |     +--+        +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus **  
  |  |        |                                       
  |  |        |  +-------- Unio_tumidus **               
  |  |        +--+                                    
  |  |           |  +----- Unio_crassus **               
  +--+           +--+                                 
     |              |  +-- Unio_pictorum **              
     |              +--+                              
     |                 +-- Unio_delphinus **             
     |                                                
     |                 +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata     
     |  +--------------+                              
     |  |              +-- Lanceolaria_grayii         
     |  |                                             
     |  |        +-------- Cristaria_plicata          
     +--+        |                                    
        |  +-----+     +-- Anemina_arcaeformis        
        |  |     |  +--+                              
        |  |     |  |  +-- Anemina_euscaphys          
        |  |     +--+                                 
        +--+        |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida         
           |        +--+                              
           |           +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana       
           |                                          
           |  +----------- Anodonta_anatina           
           +--+                                       
              |  +-------- Lasmigona_complanata       
              +--+                                    
                 |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis          
                 +--+                                 
                    |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis   
                    +--+                              
                       +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis     

Froufe et al., 2019, fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
11 23 21 6 33 12 2 58.0
  +----------------------- Lepidodesma_languilati **     
  |                                                   
  |                 +----- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **     
  |        +--------+                                 
  |        |        |  +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis **
  |        |        +--+                              
  |        |           +-- Aculamprotula_coreana **      
  |  +-----+                                          
--+  |     |        +----- Nodularia_douglasiae **       
  |  |     |  +-----+                                 
  |  |     |  |     |  +-- Arcuneopsis_pisciculus **     
  |  |     |  |     +--+                              
  |  |     +--+        +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus **  
  |  |        |                                       
  |  |        |  +-------- Unio_tumidus **               
  |  |        +--+                                    
  |  |           |  +----- Unio_crassus **               
  +--+           +--+                                 
     |              |  +-- Unio_pictorum **              
     |              +--+                              
     |                 +-- Unio_delphinus **             
     |                                                
     |                 +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata     
     |  +--------------+                              
     |  |              +-- Lanceolaria_grayii         
     |  |                                             
     |  |     +----------- Anodonta_anatina           
     +--+  +--+                                       
        |  |  |  +-------- Lasmigona_complanata       
        |  |  +--+                                    
        |  |     |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis          
        |  |     +--+                                 
        +--+        |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis   
           |        +--+                              
           |           +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis     
           |                                          
           |     +-------- Cristaria_plicata          
           |     |                                    
           +-----+     +-- Sinanodonta_lucida         
                 |  +--+                              
                 |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana       
                 +--+                                 
                    |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis        
                    +--+                              
                       +-- Anemina_euscaphys          

Fukata & Iigo, 2019, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
11 14 11 8 3 3 1 63.0
     +----------- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis **
  +--+                                       
  |  |  +-------- Acuticosta_chinensis **       
  |  +--+                                    
  |     |  +----- Lanceolaria_gladiola       
  |     +--+                                 
  |        |  +-- Lanceolaria_grayii         
  |        +--+                              
--+           +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata     
  |                                          
  |     +-------- Unio_tumidus **               
  |  +--+                                    
  |  |  |  +----- Unio_crassus **               
  |  |  +--+                                 
  |  |     |  +-- Unio_delphinus **             
  +--+     +--+                              
     |        +-- Unio_pictorum **              
     |                                       
     |  +-------- Pseudocuneopsis_capitata **   
     |  |                                    
     +--+     +-- Nodularia_douglasiae **       
        |  +--+                              
        |  |  +-- Arcuneopsis_pisciculus **     
        +--+                                 
           |  +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus **  
           +--+                              
              +-- Cuneopsis_heudei **           

Choi et al., 2020, fig. 2a

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
11 11 8 5 0 0 0 66.0
           +-------- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus **
           |                                  
  +--------+     +-- Unio_pictorum **            
  |        |  +--+                            
  |        |  |  +-- Arcuneopsis_pisciculus **   
  |        +--+                               
--+           |  +-- Cuneopsis_heudei **         
  |           +--+                            
  |              +-- Cuneopsis_rufescens **      
  |                                           
  |  +-------------- Nodularia_breviconcha **    
  +--+                                        
     |  +----------- Nodularia[2] **             
     +--+                                     
        |  +-------- Nodularia[1] **             
        +--+                                  
           |  +----- Nodularia_douglasiae **     
           +--+                               
              |  +-- Nodularia_nipponensis **    
              +--+                            
                 +-- Nodularia_nuxpersicae **    

Kim et al., 2021, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
11 15 12 7 4 3 1 63.0
                    +-- Sinohyriopsis_schlegelii   
  +-----------------+                              
  |                 +-- Lepidodesma_languilati **     
  |                                                
--+  +----------------- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis **
  |  |                                             
  |  |        +-------- Acuticosta_chinensis **       
  |  |  +-----+                                    
  +--+  |     |  +----- Lanceolaria_gladiola       
     |  |     +--+                                 
     |  |        |  +-- Lanceolaria_grayii         
     |  |        +--+                              
     |  |           +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata     
     +--+                                          
        |     +-------- Unio_tumidus **               
        |  +--+                                    
        |  |  |  +----- Unio_crassus **               
        |  |  +--+                                 
        |  |     |  +-- Unio_delphinus **             
        |  |     +--+                              
        +--+        +-- Unio_pictorum **              
           |                                       
           |        +-- Nodularia_douglasiae **       
           |     +--+                              
           |     |  +-- Nodularia_breviconcha **      
           +-----+                                 
                 |  +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus **  
                 +--+                              
                    +-- Cuneopsis_heudei **           

Zieritz et al., 2021, fig. 3-F, 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
11 23 21 6 38 12 2 57.0
  +----------------------- Lepidodesma_languilati **     
  |                                                   
  |                 +----- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **     
  |        +--------+                                 
  |        |        |  +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis **
  |        |        +--+                              
  |        |           +-- Aculamprotula_coreana **      
  |  +-----+                                          
--+  |     |        +----- Nodularia_douglasiae **       
  |  |     |  +-----+                                 
  |  |     |  |     |  +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus **  
  |  |     |  |     +--+                              
  |  |     +--+        +-- Arcuneopsis_pisciculus **     
  |  |        |                                       
  |  |        |  +-------- Unio_tumidus **               
  |  |        +--+                                    
  |  |           |  +----- Unio_crassus **               
  +--+           +--+                                 
     |              |  +-- Unio_pictorum **              
     |              +--+                              
     |                 +-- Unio_delphinus **             
     |                                                
     |                 +-- Lanceolaria_grayii         
     |  +--------------+                              
     |  |              +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata     
     |  |                                             
     |  |     +----------- Anodonta_anatina           
     +--+  +--+                                       
        |  |  |  +-------- Lasmigona_compressa        
        |  |  +--+                                    
        |  |     |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis          
        |  |     +--+                                 
        +--+        |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis     
           |        +--+                              
           |           +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis   
           |                                          
           |     +-------- Cristaria_plicata          
           |     |                                    
           +-----+     +-- Sinanodonta_lucida         
                 |  +--+                              
                 |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana       
                 +--+                                 
                    |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis        
                    +--+                              
                       +-- Anemina_euscaphys          

Bolotov et al., 2017, fig. S1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
10 10 7 6 128 17 2 62.0
                    +----- Unio_tumidus **             
           +--------+                               
           |        |  +-- Unio_pictorum **            
           |        +--+                            
           |           +-- Unio_crassus **             
  +--------+                                        
  |        |  +----------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **   
  |        |  |                                     
  |        |  |        +-- Nodularia_douglasiae **     
  |        +--+  +-----+                            
  |           |  |     +-- Nodularia_nuxpersicae **    
  |           |  |                                  
  |           +--+     +-- Cuneopsis_rufescens **      
  |              |  +--+                            
  |              |  |  +-- Cuneopsis_heudei **         
  |              +--+                               
--+                 |  +-- Arcuneopsis_pisciculus **   
  |                 +--+                            
  |                    +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus **
  |                                                 
  |                    +-- Lanceolaria_grayii       
  |  +-----------------+                            
  |  |                 +-- Lanceolaria_gladiola     
  |  |                                              
  |  |                 +-- Cristaria_plicata        
  |  |        +--------+                            
  |  |        |        +-- Cristaria                
  +--+  +-----+                                     
     |  |     |  +-------- Pletholophus_tenuis      
     |  |     +--+                                  
     |  |        |  +----- Sinanodonta_lucida       
     |  |        +--+                               
     |  |           |  +-- Sinanodonta              
     +--+           +--+                            
        |              +-- Anemina                  
        |                                           
        |  +-------------- Anodonta_anatina         
        |  |                                        
        |  |        +----- Pseudanodonta_complanata 
        +--+  +-----+                               
           |  |     |  +-- Anodonta_cygnea          
           |  |     +--+                            
           |  |        +-- Anodonta_nuttalliana     
           +--+                                     
              |        +-- Lasmigona_compressa      
              |  +-----+                            
              |  |     +-- Alasmidonta_marginata    
              +--+                                  
                 |  +----- Simpsonaias_ambigua      
                 +--+                               
                    |  +-- Pyganodon_grandis        
                    +--+                            
                       +-- Strophitus_undulatus     

Bolotov et al., 2017, fig. S2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
10 10 5 6 128 17 2 66.0
              +----- Unio_tumidus **             
        +-----+                               
        |     |  +-- Unio_crassus **             
        |     +--+                            
        |        +-- Unio_pictorum **            
  +-----+                                     
  |     |  +-------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **   
  |     |  |                                  
  |     |  +-------- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus **
  |     |  |                                  
  |     +--+     +-- Nodularia_douglasiae **     
  |        +-----+                            
  |        |     +-- Nodularia_nuxpersicae **    
  |        |                                  
  |        |  +----- Cuneopsis_heudei **         
  |        +--+                               
  |           |  +-- Arcuneopsis_pisciculus **   
  |           +--+                            
--+              +-- Cuneopsis_rufescens **      
  |                                           
  |              +-- Lanceolaria_grayii       
  |  +-----------+                            
  |  |           +-- Lanceolaria_gladiola     
  |  |                                        
  |  |           +-- Cristaria_plicata        
  |  |  +--------+                            
  |  |  |        +-- Cristaria                
  |  +--+                                     
  |  |  |  +-------- Pletholophus_tenuis      
  |  |  +--+                                  
  |  |     |  +----- Sinanodonta_lucida       
  +--+     +--+                               
     |        |  +-- Anemina                  
     |        +--+                            
     |           +-- Sinanodonta              
     |                                        
     |     +-------- Anodonta_anatina         
     |     |                                  
     |     +-------- Pseudanodonta_complanata 
     |     |                                  
     |     |     +-- Anodonta_cygnea          
     +-----+-----+                            
           |     +-- Anodonta_nuttalliana     
           |                                  
           |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis        
           |  |                               
           |  +----- Simpsonaias_ambigua      
           +--+                               
              +----- Strophitus_undulatus     
              |                               
              |  +-- Alasmidonta_marginata    
              +--+                            
                 +-- Lasmigona_compressa      

Bolotov et al., 2017, fig. S1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
10 10 0 6 115 18 2 67.0
     +-- Unio_crassus **             
     |                            
     +-- Unio_pictorum **            
     |                            
     +-- Unio_tumidus **             
     |                            
     +-- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **   
     |                            
     +-- Cuneopsis_heudei **         
  +--+                            
  |  +-- Arcuneopsis_pisciculus **   
  |  |                            
  |  +-- Cuneopsis_rufescens **      
  |  |                            
  |  +-- Nodularia_douglasiae **     
  |  |                            
  |  +-- Nodularia_nuxpersicae **    
  |  |                            
  |  +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus **
  |                               
  |  +-- Alasmidonta_marginata    
  |  |                            
  |  +-- Anodonta_anatina         
--+  |                            
  |  +-- Anodonta_cygnea          
  |  |                            
  |  +-- Anodonta_nuttalliana     
  |  |                            
  |  +-- Lasmigona_compressa      
  |  |                            
  |  +-- Pseudanodonta_complanata 
  |  |                            
  |  +-- Pyganodon_grandis        
  |  |                            
  |  +-- Simpsonaias_ambigua      
  |  |                            
  |  +-- Strophitus_undulatus     
  +--+                            
     +-- Anemina                  
     |                            
     +-- Cristaria_plicata        
     |                            
     +-- Cristaria                
     |                            
     +-- Pletholophus_tenuis      
     |                            
     +-- Sinanodonta_lucida       
     |                            
     +-- Sinanodonta              
     |                            
     +-- Lanceolaria_gladiola     
     |                            
     +-- Lanceolaria_grayii[1]    
     |                            
     +-- Lanceolaria_grayii[2]    

Wu et al., 2020, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
10 10 7 7 20 7 1 63.0
                 +----- Cristaria_plicata          
           +-----+                                 
           |     |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida         
           |     +--+                              
  +--------+        +-- Anemina_arcaeformis        
  |        |                                       
  |        |  +-------- Anodonta_anatina           
  |        +--+                                    
  |           |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis          
  |           +--+                                 
  |              |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis   
--+              +--+                              
  |                 +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis     
  |                                                
  |           +-------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **     
  |  +--------+                                    
  |  |        |  +----- Aculamprotula_scripta **      
  |  |        +--+                                 
  |  |           |  +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis **
  +--+           +--+                              
     |              +-- Aculamprotula_coreana **      
     |                                             
     |  +-------------- Unio_pictorum **              
     +--+                                          
        |  +----------- Pseudocuneopsis_capitata **   
        +--+                                       
           |  +-------- Nodularia_douglasiae **       
           +--+                                    
              |  +----- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus **  
              +--+                                 
                 |  +-- Cuneopsis_heudei **           
                 +--+                              
                    +-- Arcuneopsis_pisciculus **     

Lopes-Lima et al., 2021, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
10 10 8 1 0 0 0 76.0
  +----------------- Unio_tumidus **      
  |                                    
--+  +-------------- Unio_bruguierianus **
  |  |                                 
  |  |           +-- Unio_delicatus **    
  +--+  +--------+                     
     |  |        +-- Unio_terminalis **   
     |  |                              
     +--+        +-- Unio_tigridis **     
        |  +-----+                     
        |  |     +-- Unio_hueti **        
        |  |                           
        +--+     +-- Unio_pictorum **     
           |  +--+                     
           |  |  +-- Unio_eucirrus **     
           +--+                        
              |  +-- Unio_elongatulus **  
              +--+                     
                 +-- Unio_mancus **       

Jeratthitikul et al., 2022, fig. S1, 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
10 10 7 6 66 16 2 64.0
                 +----- Unio_tumidus **             
     +-----------+                               
     |           |  +-- Unio_pictorum **            
     |           +--+                            
  +--+              +-- Unio_crassus **             
  |  |                                           
  |  |  +-------------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **   
  |  |  |                                        
  |  +--+           +-- Nodularia_douglasiae **     
  |     |  +--------+                            
  |     |  |        +-- Nodularia_nuxpersicae **    
  |     +--+                                     
  |        |  +-------- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus **
  |        +--+                                  
  |           |  +----- Cuneopsis_heudei **         
--+           +--+                               
  |              |  +-- Arcuneopsis_pisciculus **   
  |              +--+                            
  |                 +-- Cuneopsis_rufescens **      
  |                                              
  |                 +-- Lanceolaria_grayii       
  |  +--------------+                            
  |  |              +-- Lanceolaria_gladiola     
  |  |                                           
  |  |     +----------- Cristaria_plicata        
  |  |  +--+                                     
  +--+  |  |  +-------- Pletholophus_tenuis      
     |  |  +--+                                  
     |  |     |  +----- Sinanodonta_lucida       
     |  |     +--+                               
     |  |        |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta        
     |  |        +--+                            
     +--+           +-- Sinanodonta_jourdyi      
        |                                        
        |     +-------- Pseudanodonta_complanata 
        |  +--+                                  
        |  |  |  +----- Anodonta_nuttalliana     
        |  |  +--+                               
        |  |     |  +-- Anodonta_anatina         
        |  |     +--+                            
        +--+        +-- Anodonta_cygnea          
           |                                     
           |        +-- Pyganodon_grandis        
           |  +-----+                            
           |  |     +-- Simpsonaias_ambigua      
           +--+                                  
              |  +----- Strophitus_undulatus     
              +--+                               
                 |  +-- Alasmidonta_marginata    
                 +--+                            
                    +-- Lasmigona_compressa      

Jeratthitikul et al., 2022, fig. S2, 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
10 10 7 6 66 16 2 64.0
                 +----- Unio_tumidus **             
     +-----------+                               
     |           |  +-- Unio_pictorum **            
     |           +--+                            
  +--+              +-- Unio_crassus **             
  |  |                                           
  |  |  +-------------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **   
  |  |  |                                        
  |  +--+           +-- Nodularia_douglasiae **     
  |     |  +--------+                            
  |     |  |        +-- Nodularia_nuxpersicae **    
  |     +--+                                     
  |        |  +-------- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus **
  |        +--+                                  
  |           |  +----- Cuneopsis_heudei **         
--+           +--+                               
  |              |  +-- Arcuneopsis_pisciculus **   
  |              +--+                            
  |                 +-- Cuneopsis_rufescens **      
  |                                              
  |                 +-- Lanceolaria_grayii       
  |  +--------------+                            
  |  |              +-- Lanceolaria_gladiola     
  |  |                                           
  |  |     +----------- Cristaria_plicata        
  |  |  +--+                                     
  +--+  |  |  +-------- Pletholophus_tenuis      
     |  |  +--+                                  
     |  |     |  +----- Sinanodonta_lucida       
     |  |     +--+                               
     |  |        |  +-- Sinanodonta_jourdyi      
     |  |        +--+                            
     +--+           +-- Sinanodonta_lauta        
        |                                        
        |     +-------- Pseudanodonta_complanata 
        |  +--+                                  
        |  |  |  +----- Anodonta_anatina         
        |  |  +--+                               
        |  |     |  +-- Anodonta_nuttalliana     
        |  |     +--+                            
        +--+        +-- Anodonta_cygnea          
           |                                     
           |        +-- Alasmidonta_marginata    
           |  +-----+                            
           |  |     +-- Lasmigona_compressa      
           +--+                                  
              |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis        
              +--+                               
                 |  +-- Strophitus_undulatus     
                 +--+                            
                    +-- Simpsonaias_ambigua      

Khalloufi et al., 2011, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
9 9 5 1 2 0 0 72.0
        +----- Unio_tumidus **     
  +-----+                       
  |     |  +-- Unio_gibbus **      
  |     +--+                    
  |        +-- Unio_durieui **     
--+                             
  |        +-- Unio_tumidiformis **
  |  +-----+                    
  |  |     +-- Unio_crassus **     
  +--+                          
     |  +----- Unio_ravoisieri **  
     |  |                       
     +--+----- Unio_pictorum **    
        |                       
        |  +-- Unio_delphinus **   
        +--+                    
           +-- Unio_mancus **      

Lopes-Lima et al., 2017, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
9 9 4 1 8 3 1 72.0
           +----- Anodonta_anatina        
  +--------+                              
  |        |  +-- Pseudanodonta_complanata
  |        +--+                           
  |           +-- Anodonta_cygnea         
--+                                       
  |           +-- Unio_tumidus **            
  |  +--------+                           
  |  |        +-- Unio_gibbus **             
  |  |                                    
  +--+        +-- Unio_crassus **            
     |  +-----+                           
     |  |     +-- Unio_tumidiformis **       
     +--+                                 
        |  +----- Unio_ravoisieri **         
        |  |                              
        +--+  +-- Unio_mancus **             
           |  |                           
           |  +-- Unio_pictorum **           
           +--+                           
              +-- Unio_delphinus **          
              |                           
              +-- Unio_elongatulus **        

Huang et al., 2018, fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
9 9 6 4 34 10 1 63.0
              +----- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **     
     +--------+                                 
     |        |  +-- Aculamprotula_coreana **      
     |        +--+                              
     |           +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis **
  +--+                                          
  |  |           +-- Arcuneopsis_pisciculus **     
  |  |  +--------+                              
  |  |  |        +-- Nodularia_douglasiae **       
  |  +--+                                       
  |     |  +-------- Unio_tumidus **               
  |     +--+                                    
  |        |  +----- Unio_crassus **               
  |        +--+                                 
--+           |  +-- Unio_delphinus **             
  |           +--+                              
  |              +-- Unio_pictorum **              
  |                                             
  |     +----------- Anodonta_anatina           
  |  +--+                                       
  |  |  |  +-------- Lasmigona_compressa        
  |  |  +--+                                    
  |  |     |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis          
  |  |     +--+                                 
  +--+        |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis     
     |        +--+                              
     |           +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis   
     |                                          
     |     +-------- Cristaria_plicata          
     |     |                                    
     +-----+     +-- Anemina_arcaeformis        
           |  +--+                              
           |  |  +-- Anemina_euscaphys          
           +--+                                 
              |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana       
              +--+                              
                 +-- Sinanodonta_lucida         

Araujo et al., 2009, fig. 7A

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
8 9 4 2 4 1 1 71.0
  +----------- Nodularia_douglasiae **
  |                                
  |        +-- Unio_gibbus **         
--+        |                       
  |  +-----+-- Unio_tumidus **        
  |  |     |                       
  |  |     +-- Anodonta_cygnea     
  +--+                             
     |  +----- Unio_pictorum[1] **    
     |  |                          
     |  +----- Unio_pictorum[2] **    
     +--+                          
        +----- Unio_mancus **         
        |                          
        |  +-- Unio_tumidiformis **   
        +--+                       
           +-- Unio_crassus **        

Araujo et al., 2009, fig. 7B

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
8 8 6 1 4 1 1 71.0
  +----------------- Anodonta_cygnea  
  |                                   
--+  +-------------- Unio_gibbus **      
  |  |                                
  +--+  +----------- Unio_tumidus **     
     |  |                             
     |  |        +-- Unio_tumidiformis **
     +--+  +-----+                    
        |  |     +-- Unio_crassus **     
        |  |                          
        +--+     +-- Unio_pictorum[1] ** 
           |  +--+                    
           |  |  +-- Unio_mancus **      
           +--+                       
              |  +-- Unio_pictorum[2] ** 
              +--+                    
                 +-- Unio_caffer **      

Zhou et al., 2007, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
8 8 5 4 13 2 1 65.0
           +----- Acuticosta_chinensis **       
  +--------+                                 
  |        |  +-- Nodularia_douglasiae **       
  |        +--+                              
--+           +-- Cuneopsis_celtiformis **      
  |                                          
  |  +----------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **     
  +--+                                       
     |  +-------- Aculamprotula_scripta **      
     +--+                                    
        |  +----- Aculamprotula_fibrosa **      
        +--+                                 
           |  +-- Aculamprotula_zonata **       
           +--+                              
              +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis **

Zhang et al., 2004, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
8 10 7 6 6 4 2 67.0
                       +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana     
  +--------------------+                            
  |                    +-- Cristaria_plicata        
  |                                                 
--+                 +----- Acuticosta_chinensis **     
  |  +--------------+                               
  |  |              |  +-- Lanceolaria_grayii       
  |  |              +--+                            
  +--+                 +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata   
     |                                              
     |  +----------------- Arcuneopsis_pisciculus **   
     +--+                                           
        |  +-------------- Cuneopsis_heudei **         
        +--+                                        
           |  +----------- Nodularia_douglasiae **     
           +--+                                     
              |  +-------- Pseudocuneopsis_capitata ** 
              +--+                                  
                 |  +----- Cuneopsis_rufescens **      
                 +--+                               
                    |  +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus **
                    +--+                            
                       +-- Schistodesmus_spinosus **   

Pfeiffer & Graf, 2013, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
8 8 5 4 27 5 1 64.0
                 +-- Cristaria_plicata          
           +-----+                              
           |     +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana       
  +--------+                                    
  |        |  +----- Strophitus_undulatus       
  |        +--+                                 
  |           |  +-- Lasmigona_compressa        
--+           +--+                              
  |              +-- Pyganodon_grandis          
  |                                             
  |  +-------------- Acuticosta_chinensis **       
  |  |                                          
  +--+           +-- Unio_pictorum **              
     |  +--------+                              
     |  |        +-- Nodularia_douglasiae **       
     +--+                                       
        |  +-------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **     
        |  |                                    
        +--+  +----- Aculamprotula_scripta **      
           |  |                                 
           +--+  +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis **
              |  |                              
              +--+-- Aculamprotula_fibrosa **      
                 |                              
                 +-- Aculamprotula_zonata **       

Reis et al., 2013, fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
8 8 6 1 8 3 1 72.0
                 +-- Anodonta_anatina        
                 |                           
  +--------------+-- Anodonta_cygnea         
  |              |                           
  |              +-- Pseudanodonta_complanata
--+                                          
  |  +-------------- Unio_tumidus **            
  |  |                                       
  +--+           +-- Unio_tumidiformis **       
     |  +--------+                           
     |  |        +-- Unio_crassus **            
     +--+                                    
        |  +-------- Unio **                    
        |  |                                 
        +--+     +-- Unio_delphinus **          
           |  +--+                           
           |  |  +-- Unio_mancus **             
           +--+                              
              |  +-- Unio_pictorum **           
              +--+                           
                 +-- Unio_caffer **             

Sano et al., 2017, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
8 8 5 2 21 11 2 66.0
     +-------------------- Lanceolaria_grayii         
     |                                                
  +--+                 +-- Nodularia_douglasiae **       
  |  |  +--------------+                              
  |  |  |              +-- Nodularia_nipponensis **      
  |  +--+                                             
  |     |  +-------------- Inversiunio_jokohamensis **   
  |     +--+                                          
  |        |  +----------- Inversiunio_yanagawensis[1] **
  |        +--+                                       
  |           |  +-------- Inversiunio_yanagawensis[2] **
  |           +--+                                    
--+              |  +----- Inversiunio_yanagawensis[3] **
  |              +--+                                 
  |                 |  +-- Inversiunio_yanagawensis[4] **
  |                 +--+                              
  |                    +-- Inversiunio_reinianus **      
  |                                                   
  |                    +-- Cristaria_plicata          
  |     +--------------+                              
  |     |              +-- Anemina_arcaeformis        
  |     |                                             
  +-----+  +-------------- Pletholophus_tenuis        
        |  |                                          
        |  |           +-- Sinanodonta_tumens         
        +--+  +--------+                              
           |  |        +-- Sinanodonta_lauta[3]       
           |  |                                       
           +--+        +-- Sinanodonta_lauta[2]       
              |  +-----+                              
              |  |     +-- Beringiana_japonica[2]     
              +--+                                    
                 |  +----- Beringiana_japonica[1]     
                 +--+                                 
                    |  +-- Sinanodonta_calipygos      
                    +--+                              
                       +-- Sinanodonta_lauta[1]       

Wang et al., 2018, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
8 8 6 5 24 10 2 64.0
                 +----- Anodonta_anatina           
           +-----+                                 
           |     |  +-- Pyganodon_grandis          
           |     +--+                              
  +--------+        +-- Lasmigona_compressa        
  |        |                                       
  |        |  +-------- Cristaria_plicata          
  |        |  |                                    
  |        +--+     +-- Anemina_euscaphys          
  |           |  +--+                              
  |           |  |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis        
  |           +--+                                 
--+              |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana       
  |              +--+                              
  |                 +-- Sinanodonta_lucida         
  |                                                
  |                 +-- Lanceolaria_grayii         
  |  +--------------+                              
  |  |              +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata     
  |  |                                             
  +--+  +-------------- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis **
     |  |                                          
     |  |        +----- Nodularia_douglasiae **       
     +--+  +-----+                                 
        |  |     |  +-- Arcuneopsis_pisciculus **     
        |  |     +--+                              
        +--+        +-- Cuneopsis_heudei **           
           |                                       
           |  +-------- Unio_tumidus **               
           +--+                                    
              |  +----- Unio_crassus **               
              +--+                                 
                 |  +-- Unio_pictorum **              
                 +--+                              
                    +-- Unio_delphinus **             

Wang et al., 2018, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
8 18 15 5 24 10 2 59.0
     +-------------- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis **
     |                                          
  +--+           +-- Arcuneopsis_pisciculus **     
  |  |  +--------+                              
  |  |  |        +-- Nodularia_douglasiae **       
  |  +--+                                       
  |     |  +-------- Unio_tumidus **               
  |     +--+                                    
  |        |  +----- Unio_crassus **               
  |        +--+                                 
--+           |  +-- Unio_pictorum **              
  |           +--+                              
  |              +-- Unio_delphinus **             
  |                                             
  |           +----- Acuticosta_chinensis **       
  |  +--------+                                 
  |  |        |  +-- Lanceolaria_grayii         
  |  |        +--+                              
  |  |           +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata     
  +--+                                          
     |        +----- Anodonta_anatina           
     |  +-----+                                 
     |  |     |  +-- Pyganodon_grandis          
     |  |     +--+                              
     +--+        +-- Lasmigona_compressa        
        |                                       
        |  +-------- Cristaria_plicata          
        |  |                                    
        +--+     +-- Anemina_euscaphys          
           |  +--+                              
           |  |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis        
           +--+                                 
              |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana       
              +--+                              
                 +-- Sinanodonta_lucida         

Klishko et al., 2019, fig. 9

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
8 8 5 3 3 2 1 64.0
              +-- Anodonta_anatina          
  +-----------+                             
  |           +-- Anodonta_cygnea           
  |                                         
  |     +-------- Middendorffinaia_mongolica **
--+  +--+                                   
  |  |  |  +----- Nodularia_breviconcha **     
  |  |  +--+                                
  |  |     |  +-- Nodularia_douglasiae **      
  +--+     +--+                             
     |        +-- Nodularia **                 
     |                                      
     |     +----- Unio_tumidus **              
     |     |                                
     +-----+----- Unio_gibbus **               
           |                                
           |  +-- Unio_crassus **              
           +--+                             
              +-- Unio_pictorum **             

Marrone et al., 2019, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
8 8 4 1 0 0 0 74.0
  +-------------- Unio_tumidus **      
  |                                 
--+  +----------- Unio_delphinus **    
  |  |                              
  +--+  +-------- Unio_foucauldianus **
     |  |                           
     +--+  +----- Unio_mancus **       
        |  |                        
        |  +----- Unio_elongatulus **  
        +--+                        
           +----- Unio_ravoisieri **   
           |                        
           |  +-- Unio_pictorum **     
           +--+                     
              +-- Unio_tigridis **     

Klishko et al., 2018, fig. 8

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
8 8 5 2 0 0 0 63.0
     +-------- Nodularia_breviconcha **
  +--+                              
  |  |  +----- Nodularia **            
  |  +--+                           
  |     |  +-- Nodularia_douglasiae ** 
--+     +--+                        
  |        +-- Nodularia_nipponensis **
  |                                 
  |     +----- Unio_tumidus **         
  |     |                           
  +-----+----- Unio_gibbus **          
        |                           
        |  +-- Unio_crassus **         
        +--+                        
           +-- Unio_pictorum **        

Lopes-Lima et al., 2020, fig. 13

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
8 8 6 2 2 0 0 64.0
  +-------------------- Middendorffinaia_mongolica **
--+                                               
  |  +----------------- Nodularia_breviconcha **     
  +--+                                            
     |  +-------------- Nodularia[3] **              
     +--+                                         
        |  +----------- Nodularia[2] **              
        +--+                                      
           |  +-------- Nodularia_nuxpersicae **     
           +--+                                   
              |  +----- Nodularia_nipponensis **     
              +--+                                
                 |  +-- Nodularia_douglasiae **      
                 +--+                             
                    +-- Nodularia[1] **              

Pavan-Kumar et al., 2022, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
8 15 13 7 28 7 2 63.0
  +-------------------- Lepidodesma_languilati **     
  |                                                
  |                 +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis **
  |        +--------+                              
  |        |        +-- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **     
--+  +-----+                                       
  |  |     |  +-------- Unio_pictorum **              
  |  |     +--+                                    
  |  |        |  +----- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus **  
  |  |        +--+                                 
  |  |           |  +-- Nodularia_douglasiae **       
  +--+           +--+                              
     |              +-- Arcuneopsis_pisciculus **     
     |                                             
     |              +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata     
     |  +-----------+                              
     |  |           +-- Lanceolaria_gladiola       
     +--+                                          
        |  +----------- Acuticosta_chinensis **       
        |  |                                       
        +--+        +-- Anodonta_anatina           
           |  +-----+                              
           |  |     +-- Pyganodon_grandis          
           +--+                                    
              |  +----- Cristaria_plicata          
              +--+                                 
                 |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida         
                 +--+                              
                    +-- Anemina_euscaphys          

Pavan-Kumar et al., 2022, fig. S5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
8 10 7 7 31 9 2 65.0
                 +-- Anodonta_anatina           
        +--------+                              
        |        +-- Pyganodon_grandis          
  +-----+                                       
  |     |  +-------- Cristaria_plicata          
  |     |  |                                    
  |     +--+     +-- Anemina_arcaeformis        
  |        |  +--+                              
  |        |  |  +-- Anemina_euscaphys          
  |        +--+                                 
  |           |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida         
--+           +--+                              
  |              +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana       
  |                                             
  |           +----- Acuticosta_chinensis **       
  |  +--------+                                 
  |  |        |  +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata     
  |  |        +--+                              
  |  |           +-- Lanceolaria_gladiola       
  +--+                                          
     |        +----- Lepidodesma_languilati **     
     |  +-----+                                 
     |  |     |  +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis **
     |  |     +--+                              
     +--+        +-- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **     
        |                                       
        |  +-------- Unio_pictorum **              
        +--+                                    
           |  +----- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus **  
           +--+                                 
              |  +-- Nodularia_douglasiae **       
              +--+                              
                 +-- Arcuneopsis_pisciculus **     

Araujo et al., 2009, fig. 7C

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
7 7 3 1 4 1 1 70.0
  +----------- Anodonta_cygnea  
  |                             
  |        +-- Unio_gibbus **      
--+  +-----+                    
  |  |     +-- Unio_tumidus **     
  |  |                          
  +--+     +-- Unio_tumidiformis **
     |  +--+                    
     |  |  +-- Unio_crassus **     
     +--+                       
        |  +-- Unio_pictorum[1] ** 
        |  |                    
        +--+-- Unio_pictorum[2] ** 
           |                    
           +-- Unio_mancus **      

Fonseca et al., 2016, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
7 7 4 5 25 12 2 67.0
                 +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata   
     +-----------+                            
     |           +-- Lanceolaria_grayii       
     |                                        
  +--+           +-- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **   
  |  |  +--------+                            
  |  |  |        +-- Aculamprotula_coreana **    
  |  |  |                                     
  |  +--+        +-- Unio_pictorum **            
  |     |  +-----+                            
  |     |  |     +-- Unio_delphinus **           
  |     +--+                                  
  |        |  +----- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus **
  |        +--+                               
--+           |  +-- Nodularia_douglasiae **     
  |           +--+                            
  |              +-- Arcuneopsis_pisciculus **   
  |                                           
  |        +-------- Cristaria_plicata        
  |        |                                  
  |  +-----+     +-- Anemina_euscaphys        
  |  |     |  +--+                            
  |  |     |  |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis      
  |  |     +--+                               
  +--+        |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana     
     |        +--+                            
     |           +-- Sinanodonta_lucida       
     |                                        
     |  +----------- Anodonta_anatina         
     +--+                                     
        |  +-------- Lasmigona_compressa      
        +--+                                  
           |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis        
           +--+                               
              |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis 
              +--+                            
                 +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis   

Lopes-Lima et al., 2017, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
7 7 4 5 26 12 2 67.0
                 +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata   
     +-----------+                            
     |           +-- Lanceolaria_grayii       
     |                                        
  +--+           +-- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **   
  |  |  +--------+                            
  |  |  |        +-- Aculamprotula_coreana **    
  |  |  |                                     
  |  +--+        +-- Unio_delphinus **           
  |     |  +-----+                            
  |     |  |     +-- Unio_pictorum **            
  |     +--+                                  
  |        |  +----- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus **
  |        +--+                               
--+           |  +-- Arcuneopsis_pisciculus **   
  |           +--+                            
  |              +-- Nodularia_douglasiae **     
  |                                           
  |     +----------- Anodonta_anatina         
  |  +--+                                     
  |  |  |  +-------- Lasmigona_compressa      
  |  |  +--+                                  
  |  |     |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis        
  |  |     +--+                               
  +--+        |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis 
     |        +--+                            
     |           +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis   
     |                                        
     |     +-------- Cristaria_plicata        
     |     |                                  
     +-----+     +-- Sinanodonta_lucida       
           |  +--+                            
           |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana     
           +--+                               
              |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis      
              +--+                            
                 +-- Anemina_euscaphys        

Lopes-Lima et al., 2020, fig. 12

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
7 7 3 2 2 0 0 65.0
           +-- Nodularia_breviconcha **    
  +--------+                            
  |        +-- Nodularia_douglasiae **     
--+                                     
  |  +-------- Inversiunio_jokohamensis ** 
  |  |                                  
  +--+  +----- Inversiunio_verrucosus[1] **
     |  |                               
     +--+----- Inversiunio_verrucosus[2] **
        |                               
        |  +-- Inversiunio_reinianus **    
        +--+                            
           +-- Inversiunio_yanagawensis ** 

Lopes-Lima et al., 2020, fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
7 7 4 2 2 0 0 67.0
              +-- Nodularia_breviconcha **      
  +-----------+                              
  |           +-- Nodularia_douglasiae **       
--+                                          
  |  +----------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **     
  +--+                                       
     |  +-------- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis **
     +--+                                    
        |  +----- Aculamprotula_fibrosa **      
        +--+                                 
           |  +-- Aculamprotula_scripta **      
           +--+                              
              +-- Aculamprotula_coreana **      

Lopes-Lima et al., 2021, fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
7 7 5 1 0 0 0 71.0
  +----------------- Unio_tumidus **      
--+                                    
  |  +-------------- Unio_pictorum **     
  +--+                                 
     |  +----------- Unio_sesirmensis **  
     +--+                              
        |  +-------- Unio_damascensis **  
        +--+                           
           |  +----- Unio_courtillieri ** 
           +--+                        
              |  +-- Unio_bruguierianus **
              +--+                     
                 +-- Unio_crassus **      

Reis et al., 2013, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
6 6 4 1 8 3 1 70.0
           +----- Anodonta_cygnea         
  +--------+                              
  |        |  +-- Anodonta_anatina        
  |        +--+                           
--+           +-- Pseudanodonta_complanata
  |                                       
  |  +----------- Unio_tumidus **            
  |  |                                    
  +--+        +-- Unio_tumidiformis **       
     |  +-----+                           
     |  |     +-- Unio_crassus **            
     +--+                                 
        |  +----- Unio_delphinus **          
        +--+                              
           |  +-- Unio_mancus **             
           +--+                           
              +-- Unio_pictorum **           

Bolotov et al., 2018, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
6 6 4 2 79 12 2 66.0
                    +----- Unio_tumidus **           
                 +--+                             
                 |  |  +-- Unio_crassus **           
                 |  +--+                          
  +--------------+     +-- Unio_pictorum **          
  |              |                                
  |              |  +----- Nodularia_douglasiae[1] **
  |              +--+                             
  |                 |  +-- Nodularia_nuxpersicae **  
  |                 +--+                          
--+                    +-- Nodularia_douglasiae[2] **
  |                                               
  |                    +-- Lanceolaria_gladiola   
  |  +-----------------+                          
  |  |                 +-- Lanceolaria_grayii     
  |  |                                            
  |  |           +-------- Cristaria_plicata      
  +--+  +--------+                                
     |  |        |  +----- Pletholophus_tenuis    
     |  |        +--+                             
     |  |           |  +-- Sinanodonta            
     +--+           +--+                          
        |              +-- Anemina                
        |                                         
        |  +-------------- Anodonta_anatina       
        +--+                                      
           |  +----------- Pyganodon_grandis      
           +--+                                   
              |  +-------- Simpsonaias_ambigua    
              +--+                                
                 |  +----- Strophitus_undulatus   
                 +--+                             
                    |  +-- Alasmidonta_marginata  
                    +--+                          
                       +-- Lasmigona_compressa    

Klishko et al., 2017, fig. 8

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
6 6 3 2 0 0 0 66.0
           +-- Nodularia_douglasiae ** 
  +--------+                        
  |        +-- Nodularia_breviconcha **
--+                                 
  |  +-------- Unio_tumidus **         
  +--+                              
     |  +----- Unio_pictorum **        
     +--+                           
        |  +-- Unio_crassus **         
        +--+                        
           +-- Unio_courtillieri **    

Wu et al., 2018, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
6 6 3 3 16 7 1 64.0
                    +-- Unio_pictorum **              
           +--------+                              
           |        +-- Nodularia_douglasiae **       
  +--------+                                       
  |        |  +-------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **     
  |        +--+                                    
  |           |  +----- Aculamprotula_scripta **      
  |           +--+                                 
--+              |  +-- Aculamprotula_coreana **      
  |              +--+                              
  |                 +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis **
  |                                                
  |  +----------------- Sinanodonta_lucida         
  +--+                                             
     |  +-------------- Anemina_arcaeformis        
     +--+                                          
        |  +----------- Cristaria_plicata          
        +--+                                       
           |  +-------- Anodonta_anatina           
           +--+                                    
              |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis          
              +--+                                 
                 |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis   
                 +--+                              
                    +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis     

Choi et al., 2020, fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
6 6 4 1 3 0 0 67.0
  +----------- Nodularia_breviconcha **
  |                                 
--+        +-- Nodularia[1] **         
  |  +-----+                        
  |  |     +-- Nodularia[2] **         
  +--+                              
     |  +----- Nodularia_douglasiae ** 
     +--+                           
        |  +-- Nodularia_nipponensis **
        +--+                        
           +-- Nodularia_nuxpersicae **

Bashê, 2022, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
6 6 4 1 1 0 0 74.0
  +-------------- Unio_pictorum[2] **  
--+                                 
  |  +----------- Unio_foucauldianus **
  +--+                              
     |  +-------- Unio_delphinus **    
     +--+                           
        |  +----- Unio_tigridis **     
        +--+                        
           |  +-- Unio_elongatulus **  
           +--+                     
              +-- Unio_pictorum[1] **  

Huang et al., 2002, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 7 4 5 29 9 2 69.0
                 +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana     
     +-----------+                            
     |           +-- Cristaria_plicata        
  +--+                                        
  |  |  +----------- Utterbackiana_couperiana 
  |  +--+                                     
  |     |  +-------- Utterbackia_imbecillis   
  |     +--+                                  
  |        |  +----- Strophitus_radiatus      
  |        +--+                               
  |           |  +-- Alasmidonta_triangulata  
--+           +--+                            
  |              +-- Lasmigona_costata        
  |                                           
  |           +----- Acuticosta_ovata **         
  |        +--+                               
  |        |  |  +-- Nodularia_douglasiae **     
  |        |  +--+                            
  |        |     +-- Arcuneopsis_pisciculus **   
  +--------+                                  
           |     +-- Lanceolaria_grayii       
           |  +--+                            
           |  |  +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata   
           +--+                               
              |  +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus **
              +--+                            
                 +-- Lepidodesma_languilati **   

Huang et al., 2002, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 14 5 5 29 9 2 70.0
  +-------- Strophitus_radiatus      
  |                                  
  +-------- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus **
  |                                  
  +-------- Lepidodesma_languilati **   
  |                                  
  +-------- Acuticosta_ovata **         
  |                                  
  |     +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana     
  +-----+                            
  |     +-- Cristaria_plicata        
--+                                  
  |     +-- Lanceolaria_grayii       
  +-----+                            
  |     +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata   
  |                                  
  |     +-- Nodularia_douglasiae **     
  +-----+                            
  |     +-- Arcuneopsis_pisciculus **   
  |                                  
  |  +----- Utterbackia_imbecillis   
  |  |                               
  +--+----- Utterbackiana_couperiana 
     |                               
     |  +-- Alasmidonta_triangulata  
     +--+                            
        +-- Lasmigona_costata        

Prie et al., 2012, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 3 1 1 0 0 69.0
  +----------- Unio_tumidus **    
--+                            
  |  +-------- Unio_crassus **    
  +--+                         
     |  +----- Unio_pictorum **   
     +--+                      
        |  +-- Unio_mancus **     
        +--+                   
           +-- Unio_elongatulus **

Wu et al., 2016, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 2 3 16 7 1 65.0
                    +-- Unio_pictorum **              
              +-----+                              
              |     +-- Nodularia_douglasiae **       
  +-----------+                                    
  |           |  +----- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **     
  |           +--+                                 
  |              |  +-- Aculamprotula_coreana **      
--+              +--+                              
  |                 +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis **
  |                                                
  |  +----------------- Sinanodonta_lucida         
  +--+                                             
     |  +-------------- Anemina_arcaeformis        
     +--+                                          
        |  +----------- Cristaria_plicata          
        +--+                                       
           |  +-------- Anodonta_anatina           
           +--+                                    
              |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis          
              +--+                                 
                 |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis   
                 +--+                              
                    +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis     

Huang et al., 2019, fig. 3-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 3 3 18 5 2 69.0
           +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana     
  +--------+                                  
  |        |  +----- Anodonta_anatina         
  |        +--+                               
  |           |  +-- Pyganodon_grandis        
--+           +--+                            
  |              +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis 
  |                                           
  |  +-------------- Lanceolaria_lanceolata   
  +--+                                        
     |  +----------- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus **
     +--+                                     
        |  +-------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **   
        +--+                                  
           |  +----- Unio_tumidus **             
           +--+                               
              |  +-- Unio_crassus **             
              +--+                            
                 +-- Unio_delphinus **           

Burzynski & Soroka, 2018, fig. 5a

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 3 2 15 5 2 67.0
              +----- Sinanodonta_woodiana    
              |                              
  +-----------+----- Anodonta_anatina        
  |           |                              
  |           |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
--+           +--+                           
  |              +-- Pyganodon_grandis       
  |                                          
  |  +-------------- Lanceolaria_lanceolata  
  +--+                                       
     |  +----------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **  
     +--+                                    
        |  +-------- Unio_tumidus **            
        +--+                                 
           |  +----- Unio_crassus **            
           +--+                              
              |  +-- Unio_pictorum **           
              +--+                           
                 +-- Unio_delphinus **          

Burzynski & Soroka, 2018, fig. 5b

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 3 2 5 5 2 67.0
  +----------------- Lanceolaria_lanceolata  
  |                                          
  |        +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana    
--+  +-----+                                 
  |  |     |  +----- Anodonta_anatina        
  |  |     +--+                              
  |  |        |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
  +--+        +--+                           
     |           +-- Pyganodon_grandis       
     |                                       
     |  +----------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **  
     +--+                                    
        |  +-------- Unio_tumidus **            
        +--+                                 
           |  +----- Unio_crassus **            
           +--+                              
              |  +-- Unio_pictorum **           
              +--+                           
                 +-- Unio_delphinus **          

Bolotov et al., 2020, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 3 3 31 14 2 65.0
              +----------- Middendorffinaia_mongolica **
  +-----------+                                      
  |           |  +-------- Nodularia_douglasiae **      
  |           +--+                                   
  |              |  +----- Unio_tumidus **              
  |              +--+                                
  |                 |  +-- Unio_pictorum **             
  |                 +--+                             
--+                    +-- Unio_crassus **              
  |                                                  
  |                    +-- Lanceolaria_grayii        
  |  +-----------------+                             
  |  |                 +-- Lanceolaria               
  |  |                                               
  |  |              +----- Anodonta_anatina          
  +--+  +-----------+                                
     |  |           |  +-- Pseudanodonta_complanata  
     |  |           +--+                             
     |  |              +-- Anodonta_cygnea           
     |  |                                            
     +--+        +-------- Amuranodonta_kijaensis    
        |  +-----+                                   
        |  |     |  +----- Anemina_arcaeformis       
        |  |     +--+                                
        |  |        |  +-- Buldowskia_suifunica      
        +--+        +--+                             
           |           +-- Buldowskia_shadini        
           |                                         
           |  +----------- Cristaria_plicata         
           +--+                                      
              |  +-------- Beringiana_beringiana     
              +--+                                   
                 |  +----- Sinanodonta_schrenkii     
                 +--+                                
                    |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta         
                    +--+                             
                       +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana      

Wu et al., 2020, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 3 2 29 0 0 67.0
  +----------- Unio_pictorum **              
--+                                       
  |  +-------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **     
  +--+                                    
     |  +----- Aculamprotula_polysticta **   
     +--+                                 
        |  +-- Aculamprotula_fibrosa **      
        +--+                              
           +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis **

Wu et al., 2020, fig. S1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 3 2 29 0 0 67.0
  +----------- Unio_pictorum **              
--+                                       
  |  +-------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **     
  +--+                                    
     |  +----- Aculamprotula_polysticta **   
     +--+                                 
        |  +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis **
        +--+                              
           +-- Aculamprotula_fibrosa **      

Wu et al., 2020, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 3 2 9 0 0 65.0
  +----------- Unio_pictorum **              
--+                                       
  |  +-------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **     
  +--+                                    
     |  +----- Aculamprotula_scripta **      
     +--+                                 
        |  +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis **
        +--+                              
           +-- Aculamprotula_fibrosa **      

Guerra et al., 2019, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 3 3 36 8 2 67.0
     +-------------- Lanceolaria_lanceolata   
  +--+                                        
  |  |  +----------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **   
  |  +--+                                     
  |     |  +-------- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus **
  |     +--+                                  
  |        |  +----- Unio_tumidus **             
--+        +--+                               
  |           |  +-- Unio_crassus **             
  |           +--+                            
  |              +-- Unio_delphinus **           
  |                                           
  |  +-------------- Sinanodonta_woodiana     
  |  |                                        
  +--+  +----------- Anodonta_anatina         
     |  |                                     
     +--+        +-- Lasmigona_compressa      
        |  +-----+                            
        |  |     +-- Lasmigona_subviridis     
        +--+                                  
           |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis        
           +--+                               
              |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis 
              +--+                            
                 +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis   

Guerra et al., 2019, fig. 1-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 3 3 17 5 2 69.0
           +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana     
  +--------+                                  
  |        |  +----- Anodonta_anatina         
  |        +--+                               
  |           |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis 
--+           +--+                            
  |              +-- Pyganodon_grandis        
  |                                           
  |  +-------------- Lanceolaria_lanceolata   
  +--+                                        
     |  +----------- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus **
     +--+                                     
        |  +-------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **   
        +--+                                  
           |  +----- Unio_tumidus **             
           +--+                               
              |  +-- Unio_crassus **             
              +--+                            
                 +-- Unio_delphinus **           

Guerra et al., 2019, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 13 11 3 36 8 2 66.0
  +----------------------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **   
  |                                                 
  |              +-------- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus **
--+  +-----------+                                  
  |  |           |  +----- Unio_tumidus **             
  |  |           +--+                               
  |  |              |  +-- Unio_crassus **             
  +--+              +--+                            
     |                 +-- Unio_delphinus **           
     |                                              
     |  +----------------- Lanceolaria_lanceolata   
     |  |                                           
     +--+  +-------------- Sinanodonta_woodiana     
        |  |                                        
        +--+  +----------- Anodonta_anatina         
           |  |                                     
           +--+        +-- Lasmigona_compressa      
              |  +-----+                            
              |  |     +-- Lasmigona_subviridis     
              +--+                                  
                 |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis        
                 +--+                               
                    |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis 
                    +--+                            
                       +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis   

Guerra et al., 2019, fig. 2-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 3 3 17 5 2 67.0
                 +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis 
              +--+                            
              |  +-- Pyganodon_grandis        
  +-----------+                               
  |           |  +-- Anodonta_anatina         
  |           +--+                            
--+              +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana     
  |                                           
  |  +-------------- Lanceolaria_lanceolata   
  +--+                                        
     |  +----------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **   
     +--+                                     
        |  +-------- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus **
        +--+                                  
           |  +----- Unio_tumidus **             
           +--+                               
              |  +-- Unio_crassus **             
              +--+                            
                 +-- Unio_delphinus **           

Choi et al., 2020, fig. 3a

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 2 3 0 0 0 66.0
        +-- Cuneopsis_heudei **     
  +-----+                        
  |     +-- Unio_pictorum **        
--+                              
  |  +----- Nodularia_breviconcha **
  +--+                           
     |  +-- Nodularia_douglasiae ** 
     +--+                        
        +-- Nodularia_nipponensis **

Mabuchi et al., 2021, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 5 3 2 0 0 0 67.0
  +-------- Arcuneopsis_pisciculus ** 
  |                                
--+     +-- Nodularia_douglasiae[1] **
  |  +--+                          
  |  |  +-- Nodularia_nipponensis **  
  +--+                             
     |  +-- Nodularia_douglasiae[2] **
     +--+                          
        +-- Nodularia_breviconcha **  

Nagel et al., 1998, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 4 2 1 5 3 1 70.0
        +----- Pseudanodonta_complanata
  +-----+                              
  |     |  +-- Anodonta_anatina        
  |     +--+                           
--+        +-- Anodonta_cygnea         
  |                                    
  |  +-------- Unio_crassus **            
  +--+                                 
     |  +----- Unio_tumidus **            
     +--+                              
        |  +-- Unio_pictorum **           
        +--+                           
           +-- Unio_mancus **             

Nagel et al., 1998, fig. 8

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 4 1 1 0 0 0 68.0
  +----- Unio_tumidus ** 
  |                   
--+  +-- Unio_pictorum **
  |  |                
  +--+-- Unio_crassus ** 
     |                
     +-- Unio_mancus **  

Soroka, 2005, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 4 2 1 1 0 0 68.0
  +-------- Unio_tumidus ** 
--+                      
  |  +----- Unio_crassus ** 
  +--+                   
     |  +-- Unio_caffer **  
     +--+                
        +-- Unio_pictorum **

Soroka, 2010, fig. 3a

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 4 2 1 4 4 1 68.0
  +-------------- Sinanodonta_woodiana    
  |                                       
  |        +----- Anodonta_anatina        
--+  +-----+                              
  |  |     |  +-- Anodonta_cygnea         
  |  |     +--+                           
  +--+        +-- Pseudanodonta_complanata
     |                                    
     |  +-------- Unio_tumidus **            
     +--+                                 
        |  +----- Unio_crassus **            
        +--+                              
           |  +-- Unio_pictorum **           
           +--+                           
              +-- Unio_mancus **             

Soroka, 2010, fig. 3b

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 4 2 1 4 4 1 68.0
  +-------------- Anodonta_anatina        
  |                                       
  +-------------- Anodonta_cygnea         
--+                                       
  +-------------- Pseudanodonta_complanata
  |                                       
  |  +----------- Sinanodonta_woodiana    
  +--+                                    
     |  +-------- Unio_tumidus **            
     +--+                                 
        |  +----- Unio_crassus **            
        +--+                              
           |  +-- Unio_pictorum **           
           +--+                           
              +-- Unio_mancus **             

Ouyang et al., 2011, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 6 2 4 9 5 2 67.0
        +----- Anemina_arcaeformis   
  +-----+                            
  |     |  +-- Sinanodonta_elliptica 
  |     +--+                         
  |        +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana  
--+                                  
  |        +-- Nodularia_douglasiae **  
  |  +-----+                         
  |  |     +-- Cuneopsis_heudei **      
  +--+                               
     |  +----- Lanceolaria_grayii    
     |  |                            
     +--+----- Acuticosta_chinensis **  
        |                            
        |  +-- Lanceolaria_gladiola  
        +--+                         
           +-- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **

Xue et al., 2016, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 4 2 4 12 8 2 68.0
              +-- Cristaria_plicata        
        +-----+                            
        |     +-- Lasmigona_compressa      
        |                                  
  +-----+     +-- Anemina_arcaeformis      
  |     |  +--+                            
  |     |  |  +-- Anemina_euscaphys        
  |     +--+                               
  |        |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida       
--+        +--+                            
  |           +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana     
  |                                        
  |           +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata   
  |  +--------+                            
  |  |        +-- Lanceolaria_grayii       
  +--+                                     
     |  +-------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **   
     +--+                                  
        |  +----- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus **
        +--+                               
           |  +-- Nodularia_douglasiae **     
           +--+                            
              +-- Unio_pictorum **            

Jadhav & Jamkhedkar, 2009, fig. 11

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 10 7 2 22 6 1 71.0
  +-------------------- Nodularia_douglasiae ** 
  |                                          
--+  +----------------- Anodonta_cygnea      
  |  |                                       
  +--+  +-------------- Unio_pictorum[2] **     
     |  |                                    
     +--+           +-- Unio_pictorum[1] **     
        |  +--------+                        
        |  |        +-- Unio_caffer **          
        +--+                                 
           |  +-------- Anodonta             
           |  |                              
           +--+  +----- Lasmigona_compressa  
              |  |                           
              +--+  +-- Strophitus_undulatus 
                 |  |                        
                 +--+-- Alasmidonta_marginata
                    |                        
                    +-- Pyganodon_grandis    

Zhou et al., 2017, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 4 2 3 13 3 2 66.0
  +-------- Lanceolaria_lanceolata     
  |                                    
--+     +-- Nodularia_douglasiae **       
  |  +--+                              
  |  |  +-- Arcuneopsis_pisciculus **     
  +--+                                 
     |  +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis **
     +--+                              
        +-- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **     

Wen et al., 2017, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 4 2 3 12 3 1 68.0
     +----- Anodonta_anatina      
  +--+                            
  |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana  
  |  +--+                         
  |     +-- Cristaria_plicata     
--+                               
  |     +-- Aculamprotula_coreana ** 
  |  +--+                         
  |  |  +-- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **
  +--+                            
     |  +-- Lepidodesma_languilati **
     +--+                         
        +-- Unio_pictorum **         

Huang et al., 2018, fig. 6-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 4 2 2 13 4 1 68.0
     +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana    
  +--+                                 
  |  |  +----- Anodonta_anatina        
  |  +--+                              
  |     |  +-- Pyganodon_grandis       
--+     +--+                           
  |        +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
  |                                    
  |  +-------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **  
  +--+                                 
     |  +----- Unio_tumidus **            
     +--+                              
        |  +-- Unio_crassus **            
        +--+                           
           +-- Unio_delphinus **          

Chen et al., 2020, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 4 2 3 30 11 1 68.0
        +-------- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus **
  +-----+                                  
  |     |  +----- Lepidodesma_languilati **   
  |     +--+                               
  |        |  +-- Aculamprotula_coreana **    
  |        +--+                            
--+           +-- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **   
  |                                        
  |        +----- Lasmigona_compressa      
  |  +-----+                               
  |  |     |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis   
  |  |     +--+                            
  +--+        +-- Pyganodon_grandis        
     |                                     
     |  +-------- Sinanodonta_lucida       
     +--+                                  
        |  +----- Cristaria_plicata        
        +--+                               
           |  +-- Anodonta_cygnea          
           +--+                            
              +-- Anodonta_anatina         

Wu et al., 2021, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 4 2 3 20 0 0 66.0
  +-------- Acuticosta_chinensis **    
--+                                 
  |  +----- Nodularia_douglasiae **    
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Inversiunio_jokohamensis **
     +--+                           
        +-- Inversiunio_reinianus **   

Manendo et al., 2008, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 1 10 5 1 69.0
        +----- Unio_crassus **            
  +-----+                              
  |     |  +-- Unio_pictorum **           
  |     +--+                           
  |        +-- Unio_tumidus **            
--+                                    
  |        +-- Anodonta_cygnea         
  |  +-----+                           
  |  |     +-- Anodonta_anatina        
  +--+                                 
     |  +----- Pseudanodonta_complanata
     +--+                              
        |  +-- Lasmigona_subviridis    
        +--+                           
           +-- Pyganodon_grandis       

Källersjö et al., 2005, fig. 1A

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 0 1 4 3 1 68.0
  +-- Unio_crassus ** 
  |                
--+-- Unio_pictorum **
  |                
  +-- Unio_tumidus ** 

Källersjö et al., 2005, fig. 1B-F

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 1 4 3 1 67.0
  +----- Unio_tumidus ** 
--+                   
  |  +-- Unio_crassus ** 
  +--+                
     +-- Unio_pictorum **

Soroka, 2010, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 0 1 4 4 1 68.0
  +----------- Sinanodonta_woodiana    
  |                                    
  |        +-- Unio_tumidus **            
--+        |                           
  |  +-----+-- Unio_pictorum **           
  |  |     |                           
  +--+     +-- Unio_crassus **            
     |                                 
     |  +----- Anodonta_cygnea         
     +--+                              
        |  +-- Anodonta_anatina        
        +--+                           
           +-- Pseudanodonta_complanata

Soroka, 2010, fig. 2-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 1 2 2 1 69.0
  +----------- Sinanodonta_woodiana
--+                                
  |  +-------- Anodonta_anatina    
  +--+                             
     |  +----- Unio_crassus **        
     +--+                          
        |  +-- Unio_tumidus **        
        +--+                       
           +-- Unio_pictorum **       

Soroka, 2010, fig. 3a-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 1 2 2 1 69.0
  +----------- Anodonta_anatina    
--+                                
  |  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana
  +--+                             
     |  +----- Unio_crassus **        
     +--+                          
        |  +-- Unio_tumidus **        
        +--+                       
           +-- Unio_pictorum **       

Soroka, 2010, fig. 3b-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 1 2 2 1 67.0
  +----------- Anodonta_anatina    
--+                                
  |  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana
  +--+                             
     |  +----- Unio_tumidus **        
     +--+                          
        |  +-- Unio_crassus **        
        +--+                       
           +-- Unio_pictorum **       

Soroka, 2010, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 1 4 4 1 67.0
        +----- Sinanodonta_woodiana    
  +-----+                              
  |     |  +-- Anodonta_cygnea         
  |     +--+                           
--+        +-- Pseudanodonta_complanata
  |                                    
  |  +-------- Anodonta_anatina        
  +--+                                 
     |  +----- Unio_tumidus **            
     +--+                              
        |  +-- Unio_pictorum **           
        +--+                           
           +-- Unio_crassus **            

Soroka, 2010, fig. 5a

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 1 4 4 1 69.0
        +----- Unio_crassus **            
  +-----+                              
  |     |  +-- Unio_pictorum **           
  |     +--+                           
--+        +-- Unio_tumidus **            
  |                                    
  |  +-------- Anodonta_anatina        
  +--+                                 
     |  +----- Sinanodonta_woodiana    
     +--+                              
        |  +-- Anodonta_cygnea         
        +--+                           
           +-- Pseudanodonta_complanata

Soroka, 2010, fig. 5b

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 1 4 4 1 67.0
  +----------- Anodonta_anatina        
  |                                    
--+  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana    
  |  |                                 
  |  |     +-- Anodonta_cygnea         
  +--+-----+                           
     |     +-- Pseudanodonta_complanata
     |                                 
     |  +----- Unio_tumidus **            
     +--+                              
        |  +-- Unio_pictorum **           
        +--+                           
           +-- Unio_crassus **            

Soroka, 2010, fig. 8a

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 1 3 3 1 67.0
     +----- Unio_tumidus **        
  +--+                          
  |  |  +-- Unio_pictorum **       
  |  +--+                       
--+     +-- Unio_crassus **        
  |                             
  |  +----- Sinanodonta_woodiana
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Anodonta_anatina    
     +--+                       
        +-- Anodonta_cygnea     

Soroka, 2010, fig. 8b

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 1 3 3 1 67.0
  +----------- Sinanodonta_woodiana
  |                                
--+        +-- Anodonta_anatina    
  |  +-----+                       
  |  |     +-- Anodonta_cygnea     
  +--+                             
     |  +----- Unio_tumidus **        
     +--+                          
        |  +-- Unio_pictorum **       
        +--+                       
           +-- Unio_crassus **        

Zieritz et al., 2012, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 1 5 4 1 69.0
  +----- Unio_crassus ** 
--+                   
  |  +-- Unio_tumidus ** 
  +--+                
     +-- Unio_pictorum **

Plazzi et al., 2011, fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 1 15 6 2 67.0
  +----- Unio_tumidus ** 
--+                   
  |  +-- Unio_crassus ** 
  +--+                
     +-- Unio_pictorum **

Zhou et al., 2016, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 3 17 6 1 67.0
              +----- Lepidodesma_languilati **   
  +-----------+                               
  |           |  +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus **
  |           +--+                            
--+              +-- Unio_pictorum **            
  |                                           
  |  +-------------- Sinanodonta_woodiana     
  +--+                                        
     |  +----------- Cristaria_plicata        
     +--+                                     
        |  +-------- Lasmigona_compressa      
        +--+                                  
           |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis        
           +--+                               
              |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis   
              +--+                            
                 +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis 

Burzynski et al., 2017, fig. 1 bottom

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 2 10 3 1 67.0
     +----- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **  
  +--+                              
  |  |  +-- Unio_crassus **            
  |  +--+                           
--+     +-- Unio_tumidus **            
  |                                 
  |  +----- Anodonta_anatina        
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
     +--+                           
        +-- Pyganodon_grandis       

Burzynski et al., 2017, fig. 1 top

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 2 10 3 1 67.0
     +----- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **  
  +--+                              
  |  |  +-- Unio_crassus **            
  |  +--+                           
--+     +-- Unio_tumidus **            
  |                                 
  |  +----- Anodonta_anatina        
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
     +--+                           
        +-- Pyganodon_grandis       

Araujo et al., 2017, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 4 2 3 11 1 1 71.0
     +-- Schistodesmus_lampreyanus **
  +--+                            
  |  +-- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **   
--+                               
  |  +-- Anodonta_anatina         
  +--+                            
     +-- Unio_delphinus **           

Froufe et al., 2017, fig. 7

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 1 7 4 1 71.0
        +----- Unio_mancus **         
  +-----+                          
  |     |  +-- Unio_elongatulus **    
  |     +--+                       
--+        +-- Unio_pictorum **       
  |                                
  |  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana
  +--+                             
     |  +----- Anodonta_anatina    
     +--+                          
        |  +-- Anodonta_exulcerata 
        +--+                       
           +-- Anodonta_cygnea     

Dyduch-Falniowska & Koziol, 1989, fig. 5, 7

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 1 2 2 1 69.0
        +-- Pseudanodonta_complanata
  +-----+                           
  |     +-- Anodonta_anatina        
--+                                 
  |  +----- Unio_pictorum **           
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Unio_tumidus **            
     +--+                           
        +-- Unio_crassus **            

Bogatov et al., 2018, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 5 3 1 3 2 1 66.0
  +-------- Unio_tumidus **            
  |                                 
--+     +-- Anodonta_anatina        
  |  +--+                           
  |  |  +-- Pseudanodonta_complanata
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Unio_crassus **            
     +--+                           
        +-- Unio_pictorum **           

Bogatov et al., 2018, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 5 3 1 3 2 1 66.0
  +----------- Unio_crassus **            
--+                                    
  |  +-------- Unio_pictorum **           
  +--+                                 
     |  +----- Unio_tumidus **            
     +--+                              
        |  +-- Anodonta_anatina        
        +--+                           
           +-- Pseudanodonta_complanata

Froufe et al., 2019, fig. 3-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 1 16 4 1 69.0
        +----- Unio_tumidus **            
  +-----+                              
  |     |  +-- Unio_crassus **            
  |     +--+                           
--+        +-- Unio_delphinus **          
  |                                    
  |  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana    
  +--+                                 
     |  +----- Anodonta_anatina        
     +--+                              
        |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
        +--+                           
           +-- Pyganodon_grandis       

Froufe et al., 2019, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 1 16 4 1 69.0
        +----- Unio_tumidus **            
  +-----+                              
  |     |  +-- Unio_crassus **            
  |     +--+                           
--+        +-- Unio_delphinus **          
  |                                    
  |  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana    
  +--+                                 
     |  +----- Anodonta_anatina        
     +--+                              
        |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
        +--+                           
           +-- Pyganodon_grandis       

Pfeiffer et al., 2019, fig. 4-5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 3 54 5 2 67.0
  +----------- Lanceolaria_lanceolata
  |                                  
  |     +----- Unio_gibbus **           
--+  +--+                            
  |  |  |  +-- Nodularia_douglasiae **  
  |  |  +--+                         
  |  |     +-- Arcuneopsis_pisciculus **
  +--+                               
     |     +-- Cristaria_plicata     
     |  +--+                         
     |  |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana  
     +--+                            
        |  +-- Anodonta_cygnea       
        +--+                         
           +-- Pyganodon_grandis     

Pfeiffer et al., 2019, fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 3 54 5 2 67.0
     +-------- Lanceolaria_lanceolata
  +--+                               
  |  |  +----- Unio_gibbus **           
  |  +--+                            
  |     |  +-- Arcuneopsis_pisciculus **
  |     +--+                         
--+        +-- Nodularia_douglasiae **  
  |                                  
  |        +-- Cristaria_plicata     
  |     +--+                         
  |     |  +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana  
  +-----+                            
        |  +-- Anodonta_cygnea       
        +--+                         
           +-- Pyganodon_grandis     

Sonowal et al., 2021, fig. 3a

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 4 0 2 12 1 1 69.0
  +-- Anodonta_cygnea            
  |                              
  +-- Unio_ravoisieri **            
--+                              
  +-- Unio_pictorum **              
  |                              
  +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis **

Sonowal et al., 2021, fig. 3b

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 9 0 2 12 1 1 74.0
  +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis **
  |                              
  +-- Lamprotula_leaii           
  |                              
  +-- Lampsilis_cardium          
  |                              
  +-- Potomida_littoralis        
  |                              
--+-- Unio_pictorum **              
  |                              
  +-- Anodonta_cygnea            
  |                              
  +-- Unio_ravoisieri **            
  |                              
  +-- Lamellidens_mainwaringi    
  |                              
  +-- Elliptio_complanata        

Sonowal et al., 2021, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 5 3 2 13 1 1 71.0
  +----------- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis **
--+                                       
  |  +-------- Unio_pictorum **              
  +--+                                    
     |  +----- Anodonta_cygnea            
     +--+                                 
        |  +-- Unio_ravoisieri **            
        +--+                              
           +-- Lamellidens_corrianus      

Zieritz et al., 2021, fig. 3-M, 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 1 20 4 1 69.0
        +----- Unio_tumidus **            
  +-----+                              
  |     |  +-- Unio_delphinus **          
  |     +--+                           
--+        +-- Unio_crassus **            
  |                                    
  |  +-------- Sinanodonta_woodiana    
  +--+                                 
     |  +----- Anodonta_anatina        
     +--+                              
        |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
        +--+                           
           +-- Pyganodon_grandis       

Graf & Cummings, 2006, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 45 4 1 --
           +-- Unio_pictorum **        
  +--------+                        
  |        +-- Unio_caffer **          
--+                                 
  |  +-------- Lasmigona_compressa  
  +--+                              
     |  +----- Alasmidonta_marginata
     +--+                           
        |  +-- Pyganodon_grandis    
        +--+                        
           +-- Strophitus_undulatus 

Graf & Ó Foighil, 2000, fig. 2A

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 28 6 1 --
  +-- Unio_pictorum **
--+                
  +-- Unio_caffer **  

Graf & Ó Foighil, 2000, fig. 2B

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 28 6 1 --
  +-- Unio_pictorum **
--+                
  +-- Unio_caffer **  

Bogan & Hoeh, 2000, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 32 3 1 --
  +-- Unio_pictorum **
--+                
  +-- Unio_tumidus ** 

Graf, 2002, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 16 2 1 --
     +-- Unio_pictorum **        
  +--+                        
  |  +-- Unio_caffer **          
--+                           
  |  +-- Alasmidonta_marginata
  +--+                        
     +-- Pyganodon_grandis    

Hoeh et al., 2001, fig. 14.2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 29 3 1 --
  +-- Unio_pictorum **
--+                
  +-- Unio_tumidus ** 

Hoeh et al., 2001, fig. 14.4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 5 0 1 29 3 1 65.0
  +-------- Unio_pictorum **       
  |                             
--+-------- Unio_tumidus **        
  |                             
  |  +----- Anodonta_cygnea     
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Strophitus_undulatus
     +--+                       
        +-- Pyganodon_grandis   

Hoeh et al., 2002, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 5 0 1 29 3 1 66.0
  +----------- Unio_pictorum **       
--+                                
  |  +-------- Unio_tumidus **        
  +--+                             
     |  +----- Anodonta_cygnea     
     +--+                          
        |  +-- Pyganodon_grandis   
        +--+                       
           +-- Strophitus_undulatus

Roe & Hoeh, 2003, fig. 4.2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 29 3 1 --
        +-- Unio_pictorum **       
  +-----+                       
  |     +-- Unio_tumidus **        
--+                             
  |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis   
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Anodonta_cygnea     
     +--+                       
        +-- Strophitus_undulatus

Roe & Hoeh, 2003, fig. 4.3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 29 3 1 --
        +-- Unio_pictorum **       
  +-----+                       
  |     +-- Unio_tumidus **        
--+                             
  |  +----- Anodonta_cygnea     
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Pyganodon_grandis   
     +--+                       
        +-- Strophitus_undulatus

Hoeh et al., 2009, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 45 4 1 --
           +-- Unio_pictorum **        
  +--------+                        
  |        +-- Unio_caffer **          
--+                                 
  |  +-------- Lasmigona_compressa  
  +--+                              
     |  +----- Alasmidonta_marginata
     +--+                           
        |  +-- Strophitus_undulatus 
        +--+                        
           +-- Pyganodon_grandis    

Hoeh et al., 2009, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 44 4 1 --
           +-- Unio_pictorum **        
  +--------+                        
  |        +-- Unio_caffer **          
--+                                 
  |  +-------- Lasmigona_compressa  
  +--+                              
     |  +----- Alasmidonta_marginata
     +--+                           
        |  +-- Strophitus_undulatus 
        +--+                        
           +-- Pyganodon_grandis    

Hoeh et al., 2009, fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 44 4 1 --
           +-- Unio_pictorum **        
  +--------+                        
  |        +-- Unio_caffer **          
--+                                 
  |  +-------- Lasmigona_compressa  
  +--+                              
     |  +----- Alasmidonta_marginata
     +--+                           
        |  +-- Strophitus_undulatus 
        +--+                        
           +-- Pyganodon_grandis    

Rosenberg et al., 1997, fig. 2B

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 17 0 2 21 4 1 82.0
  +----- Anodonta              
  |                            
  |  +-- Gonidea_angulata      
  |  |                         
  |  +-- Pyganodon_grandis     
  |  |                         
  |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis
  |  |                         
  |  +-- Pyganodon_cataracta   
--+  |                         
  |  +-- Lampsilis_straminea   
  |  |                         
  |  +-- Lampsilis_teres       
  |  |                         
  |  +-- Megalonaias_nervosa   
  |  |                         
  |  +-- Obliquaria_reflexa    
  |  |                         
  +--+-- Theliderma_cylindrica 
     |                         
     +-- Quadrula_quadrula     
     |                         
     +-- Uniomerus_tetralasmus 
     |                         
     +-- Amblema_plicata       
     |                         
     +-- Elliptio_complanata   
     |                         
     +-- Fusconaia_cerina      
     |                         
     +-- Plectomerus_dombeyanus
     |                         
     +-- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **
     |                         
     +-- Unio_pictorum **         

Whelan et al., 2011, fig. 1 ML

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 34 2 1 --
     +-- Pyganodon_grandis  
  +--+                      
  |  +-- Lasmigona_compressa
--+                         
  |  +-- Unio_pictorum **      
  +--+                      
     +-- Unio_caffer **        

Whelan et al., 2011, fig. 1 MP

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 34 2 1 --
     +-- Pyganodon_grandis  
  +--+                      
  |  +-- Lasmigona_compressa
--+                         
  |  +-- Unio_pictorum **      
  +--+                      
     +-- Unio_caffer **        

Soroka, 2010, fig. 8a-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 1 1 1 --
  +----- Sinanodonta_woodiana
--+                          
  |  +-- Unio_pictorum **       
  +--+                       
     +-- Unio_tumidus **        

Soroka, 2010, fig. 8b-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 1 1 1 --
  +----- Sinanodonta_woodiana
--+                          
  |  +-- Unio_pictorum **       
  +--+                       
     +-- Unio_tumidus **        

Bolotov et al., 2016, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 28 1 1 --
  +----- Anodonta_anatina
--+                      
  |  +-- Unio_pictorum **   
  +--+                   
     +-- Unio **            

Bolotov et al., 2016, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 28 1 1 --
  +----- Anodonta_anatina
--+                      
  |  +-- Unio_pictorum **   
  +--+                   
     +-- Unio **            

Soroka & Burzynski, 2018, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 5 3 1 --
        +-- Unio_tumidus **            
  +-----+                           
  |     +-- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **  
--+                                 
  |  +----- Anodonta_anatina        
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Pyganodon_grandis       
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

Soroka & Burzynski, 2018, fig. 3-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 5 3 1 --
        +-- Unio_tumidus **            
  +-----+                           
  |     +-- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **  
--+                                 
  |  +----- Anodonta_anatina        
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Pyganodon_grandis       
     +--+                           
        +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

Guerra et al., 2017, fig. 2a

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 23 8 1 --
                    +-- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **  
  +-----------------+                           
  |                 +-- Unio_pictorum **           
--+                                             
  |  +----------------- Sinanodonta_woodiana    
  |  |                                          
  +--+  +-------------- Cristaria_plicata       
     |  |                                       
     +--+  +----------- Anodonta_anatina        
        |  |                                    
        +--+        +-- Lasmigona_subviridis    
           |  +-----+                           
           |  |     +-- Lasmigona_compressa     
           +--+                                 
              |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
              +--+                              
                 |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
                 +--+                           
                    +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  

Guerra et al., 2017, fig. 2b

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 10 0 2 23 8 1 67.0
  +-------------------- Unio_pictorum **           
  |                                             
--+  +----------------- Aculamprotula_tortuosa **  
  |  |                                          
  +--+              +-- Cristaria_plicata       
     |  +-----------+                           
     |  |           +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana    
     +--+                                       
        |  +----------- Anodonta_anatina        
        |  |                                    
        +--+        +-- Lasmigona_subviridis    
           |  +-----+                           
           |  |     +-- Lasmigona_compressa     
           +--+                                 
              |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
              +--+                              
                 |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
                 +--+                           
                    +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  

Huang et al., 2018, fig. 3, 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 27 0 0 --
  +-- Unio_pictorum **              
--+                              
  +-- Aculamprotula_tientsinensis **

Chase et al., 2018, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 37 15 1 --
                       +-- Unio_delphinus **             
  +--------------------+                              
  |                    +-- Unio_tumidus **               
  |                                                   
--+  +-------------------- Sinanodonta_woodiana       
  |  |                                                
  |  |                 +-- Anodonta_cygnea            
  |  |  +--------------+                              
  +--+  |              +-- Anodonta_anatina           
     |  |                                             
     |  |              +-- Pyganodon_lacustris        
     |  |        +-----+                              
     +--+        |     +-- Pyganodon_grandis          
        |  +-----+                                    
        |  |     |  +----- Utterbackia_peninsularis[2]
        |  |     +--+                                 
        |  |        |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis[1]
        |  |        +--+                              
        +--+           +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis     
           |                                          
           |           +-- Lasmigona_costata          
           |  +--------+                              
           |  |        +-- Lasmigona_complanata       
           |  |                                       
           +--+        +-- Alasmidonta_undulata       
              |  +-----+                              
              |  |     +-- Alasmidonta_marginata      
              +--+                                    
                 |  +----- Strophitus_undulatus       
                 +--+                                 
                    |  +-- Lasmigona_compressa        
                    +--+                              
                       +-- Lasmigona_subviridis       

Chase et al., 2018, fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 8 2 1 --
     +-- Anodonta_anatina        
  +--+                           
  |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
--+                              
  |  +-- Unio_delphinus **          
  +--+                           
     +-- Unio_tumidus **            

Chase et al., 2018, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 9 3 1 --
        +-- Unio_delphinus **          
  +-----+                           
  |     +-- Unio_tumidus **            
--+                                 
  |  +----- Anodonta_anatina        
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
     +--+                           
        +-- Pyganodon_grandis       

Chase et al., 2018, fig. 1-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 9 3 1 --
        +-- Unio_delphinus **          
  +-----+                           
  |     +-- Unio_tumidus **            
--+                                 
  |  +----- Anodonta_anatina        
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
     +--+                           
        +-- Pyganodon_grandis       

Lopes-Lima et al., 2020, fig. 11

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 10 8 1 --
                    +-- Nodularia_breviconcha **   
  +-----------------+                           
  |                 +-- Nodularia_douglasiae **    
--+                                             
  |  +----------------- Lanceolaria_oxyrhyncha  
  |  |                                          
  +--+  +-------------- Lanceolaria_gladiola    
     |  |                                       
     +--+           +-- Lanceolaria_grayii      
        |  +--------+                           
        |  |        +-- Lanceolaria_bilirata    
        +--+                                    
           |  +-------- Lanceolaria_acrorrhyncha
           +--+                                 
              |  +----- Lanceolaria_kihirai     
              +--+                              
                 |  +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata  
                 +--+                           
                    +-- Lanceolaria_triformis   

Riccardi et al., 2019, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 18 16 2 --
                       +-- Lanceolaria_grayii      
                    +--+                           
                    |  +-- Lanceolaria_lanceolata  
  +-----------------+                              
  |                 |  +-- Unio_mancus **             
  |                 +--+                           
  |                    +-- Unio_elongatulus **        
  |                                                
  |              +-------- Cristaria_plicata       
--+              |                                 
  |  +-----------+     +-- Anemina_euscaphys       
  |  |           |  +--+                           
  |  |           |  |  +-- Anemina_arcaeformis     
  |  |           +--+                              
  |  |              |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida      
  +--+              +--+                           
     |                 +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana    
     |                                             
     |  +----------------- Anodonta_anatina        
     |  |                                          
     |  |           +----- Pseudanodonta_complanata
     +--+  +--------+                              
        |  |        |  +-- Anodonta_exulcerata     
        |  |        +--+                           
        +--+           +-- Anodonta_cygnea         
           |                                       
           |  +----------- Anodonta_nuttalliana    
           +--+                                    
              |  +-------- Lasmigona_compressa     
              +--+                                 
                 |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
                 +--+                              
                    |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
                    +--+                           
                       +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  

Tomilova et al., 2020, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 1 6 6 1 --
           +-- Unio_tumidus **            
  +--------+                           
  |        +-- Unio_pictorum **           
  |                                    
  |        +-- Sinanodonta_lauta       
--+--------+                           
  |        +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana    
  |                                    
  |  +-------- Anodonta_anatina        
  +--+                                 
     |  +----- Pseudanodonta_complanata
     +--+                              
        |  +-- Anodonta_cygnea         
        +--+                           
           +-- Anodonta_exulcerata     

Mabuchi & Nishida, 2020, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 3 0 2 35 31 2 69.0
              +----- Nodularia_douglasiae **    
  +-----------+                              
  |           |  +-- Lanceolaria_grayii      
  |           +--+                           
  |              +-- Inversiunio_reinianus **   
  |                                          
--+  +-------------- Cristaria_plicata       
  |  |                                       
  |  |  +----------- Sinanodonta_tumens      
  |  |  |                                    
  |  |  |        +-- Sinanodonta_lauta[5]    
  |  |  |        |                           
  +--+  |        +-- Sinanodonta_lauta[6]    
     |  |        |                           
     |  |        +-- Beringiana_japonica[15] 
     |  |        |                           
     |  |        +-- Beringiana_japonica[16] 
     |  |  +-----+                           
     |  |  |     +-- Beringiana_japonica[17] 
     +--+  |     |                           
        |  |     +-- Beringiana_japonica[18] 
        |  |     |                           
        |  |     +-- Beringiana_japonica[19] 
        |  |     |                           
        |  |     +-- Beringiana_japonica[20] 
        |  |                                 
        |  |  +----- Beringiana_japonica[1]  
        |  |  |                              
        |  |  +----- Beringiana_japonica[2]  
        |  |  |                              
        +--+  +----- Beringiana_japonica[3]  
           |  |                              
           |  +----- Beringiana_japonica[4]  
           |  |                              
           |  +----- Beringiana_japonica[5]  
           |  |                              
           |  +----- Sinanodonta_lauta[1]    
           |  |                              
           |  +----- Beringiana_japonica[6]  
           |  |                              
           |  +----- Sinanodonta_lauta[2]    
           |  |                              
           |  +----- Sinanodonta_calipygos[1]
           |  |                              
           +--+----- Beringiana_japonica[7]  
              |                              
              +----- Sinanodonta_lauta[4]    
              |                              
              +----- Beringiana_japonica[8]  
              |                              
              +----- Beringiana_japonica[9]  
              |                              
              +----- Beringiana_japonica[10] 
              |                              
              +----- Beringiana_japonica[11] 
              |                              
              +----- Beringiana_japonica[12] 
              |                              
              +----- Beringiana_japonica[13] 
              |                              
              +----- Beringiana_japonica[14] 
              |                              
              |  +-- Sinanodonta_lauta[3]    
              +--+                           
                 +-- Sinanodonta_calipygos[2]

Kano et al., 2019, fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 8 4 2 --
  +----- Lanceolaria_grayii      
--+                              
  |  +-- Inversiunio_yanagawensis **
  +--+                           
     +-- Nodularia_nipponensis **   

Nagel et al., 1998, fig. 9

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 5 2 1 --
  +----- Unio **         
--+                   
  |  +-- Anodonta     
  +--+                
     +-- Pseudanodonta

Araujo et al., 2009, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 7 0 0 --
-- Unio

Graf, 2000, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 17 1 1 --
-- Unio

Graf & Ó Foighil, 2000, fig. 1, 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 11 1 1 --
  +-- Unio_pictorum **    
--+                    
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis

Chong et al., 2008, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 20 20 1 --
  +----------------- Anodonta_cygnea          
  |                                           
  +----------------- Pyganodon_fragilis       
  |                                           
  +----------------- Lasmigona_holstonia      
  |                                           
  +----------------- Anodonta_anatina         
  |                                           
  +----------------- Unio_tumidus **             
  |                                           
  |              +-- Anodonta_nuttalliana     
  +--------------+                            
  |              +-- Anodonta_californiensis  
  |                                           
--+              +-- Beringiana_beringiana    
  +--------------+                            
  |              +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana     
  |                                           
  |              +-- Pseudodontoideus_subvexus
  |              |                            
  +--------------+-- Alasmidonta_marginata    
  |              |                            
  |              +-- Lasmigona_complanata     
  |                                           
  |  +-------------- Pseudanodonta_complanata 
  |  |                                        
  |  |        +----- Strophitus_undulatus     
  |  +--------+                               
  +--+        |  +-- Alasmidonta_heterodon    
     |        +--+                            
     |           +-- Lasmigona_compressa      
     |                                        
     |  +----------- Anodonta_oregonensis[4]  
     +--+                                     
        |  +-------- Anodonta_oregonensis[3]  
        +--+                                  
           |  +----- Anodonta_oregonensis[2]  
           +--+                               
              |  +-- Anodonta_oregonensis[1]  
              +--+                            
                 +-- Anodonta_kennerlyi       

Taylor et al., 2007, fig. 1-3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 3 1 1 --
  +-- Anodonta_cygnea
--+                  
  +-- Unio_pictorum **  

Rosenberg et al., 1994, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 18 3 1 --
-- Unio_pictorum

Rosenberg et al., 1997, fig. 2A

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 22 4 1 --
-- Unio_pictorum

Graf et al., 2014, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 26 0 0 --
-- Unio_pictorum

Marshall et al., 2014, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 13 1 1 --
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis
--+                    
  +-- Unio_pictorum **    

Graf et al., 2015, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 19 0 0 --
-- Unio_pictorum

Pfeiffer & Graf, 2015, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 39 2 1 --
  +----- Unio_pictorum **    
--+                       
  |  +-- Pyganodon_grandis
  +--+                    
     +-- Lasmigona_costata

Bieler et al., 2014, fig. 26, 27, 29, 30

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 4 0 0 --
-- Unio_pictorum

Bieler et al., 2014, fig. 28

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 4 0 0 --
-- Unio_pictorum

Huang et al., 2013, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 15 6 1 --
  +-------------- Unio_pictorum **           
  |                                       
--+           +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana    
  |  +--------+                           
  |  |        +-- Cristaria_plicata       
  +--+                                    
     |  +-------- Lasmigona_compressa     
     +--+                                 
        |  +----- Pyganodon_grandis       
        +--+                              
           |  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis  
           +--+                           
              +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis

González & Giribet, 2015, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 5 0 0 --
-- Unio_pictorum

González & Giribet, 2015, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 5 0 0 --
-- Unio_pictorum

González & Giribet, 2015, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 5 0 0 --
-- Unio_pictorum

González & Giribet, 2015, fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 5 0 0 --
-- Unio_pictorum

Bolotov et al., 2015, fig. 2A

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 9 0 0 --
-- Unio_pictorum

Bolotov et al., 2015, fig. 2B

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 8 0 0 --
-- Unio_pictorum

Wang et al., 2016, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 2 0 0 --
-- Unio_tumidus

Fonseca et al., 2016, fig. 1-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 8 3 1 --
  +-------- Unio_delphinus **          
--+                                 
  |  +----- Anodonta_anatina        
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
     +--+                           
        +-- Pyganodon_grandis       

Lopes-Lima et al., 2017, fig. 2-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 9 3 1 --
  +-------- Unio_delphinus **          
--+                                 
  |  +----- Anodonta_anatina        
  +--+                              
     |  +-- Utterbackia_peninsularis
     +--+                           
        +-- Pyganodon_grandis       

Feng et al., 2016, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 14 7 1 --
  +----------- Arcuneopsis_pisciculus **
  |                                  
--+  +-------- Pyganodon_grandis     
  |  |                               
  +--+     +-- Anemina_arcaeformis   
     |  +--+                         
     |  |  +-- Anemina_euscaphys     
     +--+                            
        |  +-- Sinanodonta_lucida    
        +--+                         
           +-- Sinanodonta_woodiana  

Combosch et al., 2017, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 14 0 0 --
-- Unio_pictorum

Combosch et al., 2017, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 14 0 0 --
-- Unio_pictorum

Lopes-Lima et al., 2018, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 27 0 0 --
-- Unio_pictorum

Lopes-Lima et al., 2018, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 27 0 0 --
-- Unio_pictorum

Gomes-dos-Santos et al., 2019, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 9 1 1 --
  +-- Unio_delphinus **  
--+                   
  +-- Anodonta_anatina

Gomes-dos-Santos et al., 2019, fig. 1-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 5 1 1 --
  +-- Unio_delphinus **  
--+                   
  +-- Anodonta_anatina

Klunzinger et al., 2021, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 4 0 0 --
-- Unio_pictorum

Page updated: 11:40:47 Thu 02 Feb 2023

 
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