MUSSELp
 
MUSSELpdb
 
 
Taxonomy
 
 
Geography
 
 
 

Page last updated
Mon 13 Mar 2023

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

Cladomics pages are experimental — even more so than the rest of this site!

The purpose of the cladomics pages for each genus and family-group level taxon is to provide statistics and references indicating the extent to which published phylogenetic work supports the classification used here.

The Cladomics Summary provides an overview of the number of studies that have included terminal species representing this taxon as well as an indication of how frequently it has been recovered as monophyletic.

Following the summary, the available published clades representing the taxon are listed.

For more information, visit the Cladomics FARQ (frequently asked rhetorical questions) page. Abbreviations for the various statistics are explained on the FARQ!

Search the database pages:

Bivalvia | Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Ambleminae | Lampsilini

genus Lampsilis Rafinesque, 1820: cladomics
     34 valid species

Cladomics Summary

number of species = 34

analyzed in 188 cladograms in 121 publications
maximum number of terminal species in an analysis = 17, mean = 2.19

Basic Monophyly

number of cladograms that test basic monophyly (i.e., more than 1 included species) = 66
maximum number of included species = 17, mean = 4.39
proportion of cladograms that support basic monophyly = 0.42


Inoue et al., 2020, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
17 18 16 17 27 12 6 0.0

*** Top Monophyly Cladogram ***

                       +-------- Ellipsaria_lineolata   
  +--------------------+                                
  |                    |  +----- Truncilla_macrodon     
  |                    +--+                             
  |                       |  +-- Truncilla_donaciformis 
  |                       +--+                          
  |                          +-- Truncilla_cognata      
--+                                                     
  |  +-------------------------- Leaunio_lienosus       
  |  |                                                  
  |  |     +-------------------- Lampsilis_bracteata **    
  |  |     |                                            
  |  |  +--+  +----------------- Lampsilis_fasciola **     
  |  |  |  |  |                                         
  +--+  |  +--+  +-------------- Lampsilis_ornata **       
     |  |     |  |                                      
     |  |     +--+           +-- Lampsilis_ovata **        
     |  |        |  +--------+                          
     |  |        |  |        +-- Lampsilis_cariosa **      
     |  |        +--+                                   
     |  |           |  +-------- Lampsilis_cardium[3] **   
     +--+           +--+                                
        |              |  +----- Lampsilis_cardium[2] **   
        |              +--+                             
        |                 |  +-- Lampsilis_satura **       
        |                 +--+                          
        |                    +-- Lampsilis_cardium[1] **   
        |                                               
        |                    +-- Lampsilis_higginsii **    
        |     +--------------+                          
        |     |              +-- Ortmanniana_ligamentina
        +-----+                                         
              |  +-------------- Lampsilis_teres **        
              |  |                                      
              +--+           +-- Lampsilis_radiata **      
                 |  +--------+                          
                 |  |        +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea **  
                 +--+                                   
                    |  +-------- Lampsilis_bergmanni **    
                    +--+                                
                       |  +----- Lampsilis_hydiana **      
                       +--+                             
                          |  +-- Lampsilis_virescens **    
                          +--+                          
                             +-- Lampsilis_straminea **    

Campbell et al., 2005, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 44 31 5 110 44 22 50.0

*** Top Sister-Group Cladogram ***

              +----- Obliquaria_reflexa         
  +-----------+                                 
  |           |  +-- Cyrtonaias_tampicoensis    
  |           +--+                              
  |              +-- Glebula_rotundata          
  |                                             
  |  +-------------- Sagittunio_nasutus         
  |  |                                          
  |  +-------------- Leaunio_vanuxemensis       
  |  |                                          
  |  |           +-- Ellipsaria_lineolata       
  |  +-----------+                              
  |  |           +-- Truncilla_truncata         
  |  |                                          
  |  |        +----- Lampsilis_teres **            
  |  +--------+                                 
  |  |        |  +-- Ortmanniana_ligamentina    
  |  |        +--+                              
  |  |           +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea **      
  |  |                                          
  |  |        +----- Villosa_villosa            
  |  +--------+                                 
--+  |        |  +-- Ligumia_recta              
  |  |        +--+                              
  |  |           +-- Cambarunio_iris            
  |  |                                          
  |  |     +-------- Ortmanniana_pectorosa      
  |  +-----+                                    
  |  |     |  +----- Lampsilis_ornata **           
  |  |     +--+                                 
  |  |        |  +-- Lampsilis_cardium **          
  |  |        +--+                              
  |  |           +-- Lampsilis_ovata **            
  |  |                                          
  |  |           +-- Potamilus_fragilis         
  |  |        +--+                              
  |  |        |  +-- Potamilus_leptodon         
  |  +--------+                                 
  |  |        |  +-- Potamilus_alatus           
  |  |        +--+                              
  |  |           +-- Potamilus_purpuratus       
  |  |                                          
  |  |           +-- Ptychobranchus_fasciolaris 
  +--+  +--------+                              
     |  |        +-- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis
     |  |                                       
     +--+  +-------- Medionidus_conradicus      
     |  |  |                                    
     |  |  |     +-- Lemiox_rimosus             
     |  +--+-----+                              
     |     |     +-- Medionidus_acutissimus     
     |     |                                    
     |     |  +----- Dromus_dromas              
     |     +--+                                 
     |        |  +-- Cyprogenia_aberti          
     |        +--+                              
     |           +-- Cyprogenia_stegaria        
     |                                          
     |        +----- Hamiota_australis[2]       
     |  +-----+                                 
     |  |     |  +-- Hamiota_australis[1]       
     |  |     +--+                              
     |  |        +-- Hamiota_subangulata        
     +--+                                       
     |  |        +-- Hamiota_altilis[3]         
     |  |  +-----+                              
     |  |  |     +-- Hamiota_perovalis[2]       
     |  +--+                                    
     |     |  +----- Hamiota_altilis[2]         
     |     +--+                                 
     |        |  +-- Hamiota_altilis[1]         
     |        +--+                              
     |           +-- Hamiota_perovalis[1]       
     |                                          
     |  +----------- Obovaria_olivaria          
     |  |                                       
     |  +----------- Venustaconcha_pleasii      
     |  |                                       
     |  |     +----- Obovaria_unicolor          
     |  +-----+                                 
     +--+     |  +-- Obovaria_arkansasensis     
        |     +--+                              
        |        +-- Obovaria_subrotunda        
        |                                       
        |        +-- Epioblasma_brevidens       
        |  +-----+                              
        |  |     +-- Epioblasma_triquetra       
        +--+                                    
           |  +----- Epioblasma_walkeri[1]      
           +--+                                 
              |  +-- Epioblasma_walkeri[2]      
              +--+                              
                 +-- Epioblasma_capsaeformis    

Inoue et al., 2020, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
16 17 14 16 27 12 6 8.0
                    +-------- Potamilus_fragilis     
                    |                                
  +-----------------+     +-- Potamilus_ohiensis     
  |                 |  +--+                          
  |                 |  |  +-- Potamilus_amphichaenus 
  |                 +--+                             
  |                    |  +-- Potamilus_metnecktayi  
  |                    +--+                          
  |                       +-- Potamilus_purpuratus   
--+                                                  
  |  +----------------------- Leaunio_lienosus       
  |  |                                               
  |  |     +----------------- Lampsilis_bracteata **    
  |  |     |                                         
  |  |  +--+              +-- Lampsilis_ornata **       
  |  |  |  |  +-----------+                          
  +--+  |  |  |           +-- Lampsilis_fasciola **     
     |  |  +--+                                      
     |  |     |  +----------- Lampsilis_ovata **        
     |  |     +--+                                   
     |  |        |  +-------- Lampsilis_cardium[3] **   
     |  |        +--+                                
     +--+           |  +----- Lampsilis_cardium[2] **   
        |           +--+                             
        |              |  +-- Lampsilis_satura **       
        |              +--+                          
        |                 +-- Lampsilis_cardium[1] **   
        |                                            
        |     +-------------- Lampsilis_teres **        
        |     |                                      
        |     |           +-- Lampsilis_higginsii **    
        +-----+  +--------+                          
              |  |        +-- Ortmanniana_ligamentina
              |  |                                   
              +--+        +-- Lampsilis_radiata **      
                 |  +-----+                          
                 |  |     +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea **  
                 |  |                                
                 +--+     +-- Lampsilis_hydiana **      
                    |  +--+                          
                    |  |  +-- Lampsilis_bergmanni **    
                    +--+                             
                       |  +-- Lampsilis_virescens **    
                       +--+                          
                          +-- Lampsilis_straminea **    

Inoue et al., 2020, fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
15 15 12 15 1 1 1 9.0
  +-------------------- Truncilla_macrodon   
  |                                          
  |     +-------------- Lampsilis_bracteata **  
  |     |                                    
  |  +--+           +-- Lampsilis_ornata **     
--+  |  |  +--------+                        
  |  |  |  |        +-- Lampsilis_fasciola **   
  |  |  +--+                                 
  |  |     |  +-------- Lampsilis_ovata **      
  |  |     +--+                              
  |  |        |  +----- Lampsilis_cariosa **    
  +--+        +--+                           
     |           |  +-- Lampsilis_cardium **    
     |           +--+                        
     |              +-- Lampsilis_satura **     
     |                                       
     |  +-------------- Lampsilis_higginsii **  
     |  |                                    
     +--+  +----------- Lampsilis_teres **      
        |  |                                 
        |  |        +-- Lampsilis_radiata **    
        +--+  +-----+                        
           |  |     +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea **
           |  |                              
           +--+     +-- Lampsilis_hydiana **    
              |  +--+                        
              |  |  +-- Lampsilis_bergmanni **  
              +--+                           
                 |  +-- Lampsilis_straminea **  
                 +--+                        
                    +-- Lampsilis_virescens **  

Hewitt et al., 2019, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
12 13 8 12 4 1 1 15.0
  +-------------------- Lampsilis_siliquoidea **
  |                                          
  |  +----------------- Lampsilis_fasciola **   
--+  |                                       
  |  |              +-- Epioblasma_rangiana  
  |  +--------------+                        
  +--+              +-- Lampsilis_radiata **    
     |                                       
     |  +-------------- Lampsilis_ornata **     
     |  |                                    
     +--+           +-- Lampsilis_cardium[1] ** 
        |  +--------+                        
        |  |        +-- Lampsilis_ovata[1] **   
        +--+                                 
           |  +-------- Lampsilis_cardium[6] ** 
           |  |                              
           +--+  +----- Lampsilis_cardium[5] ** 
              |  |                           
              +--+  +-- Lampsilis_cardium[2] ** 
                 |  |                        
                 |  +-- Lampsilis_ovata[2] **   
                 +--+                        
                    +-- Lampsilis_cardium[3] ** 
                    |                        
                    +-- Lampsilis_cardium[4] ** 

Porto-Hannes et al., 2019, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
12 18 14 12 8 7 5 13.0
  +----------------------- Obliquaria_reflexa     
  |                                               
  |                    +-- Cambarunio_iris        
  |  +-----------------+                          
  |  |                 +-- Leaunio_lienosus       
  |  |                                            
--+  |        +----------- Lampsilis_teres **        
  |  |        |                                   
  |  +--------+  +-------- Ortmanniana_ligamentina
  |  |        |  |                                
  |  |        +--+     +-- Lampsilis_hydiana **      
  |  |           |  +--+                          
  +--+           |  |  +-- Lampsilis_virescens **    
     |           +--+                             
     |              |  +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea **  
     |              +--+                          
     |                 +-- Lampsilis_radiata **      
     |                                            
     |              +----- Obovaria_arkansasensis 
     |  +-----------+                             
     |  |           |  +-- Obovaria_olivaria      
     |  |           +--+                          
     +--+              +-- Obovaria_subrotunda    
        |                                         
        |  +-------------- Lampsilis_bracteata **    
        |  |                                      
        +--+  +----------- Lampsilis_ornata **       
           |  |                                   
           +--+  +-------- Lampsilis_ovata **        
              |  |                                
              +--+  +----- Lampsilis_cardium[3] **   
                 |  |                             
                 +--+  +-- Lampsilis_satura **       
                    |  |                          
                    +--+-- Lampsilis_cardium[1] **   
                       |                          
                       +-- Lampsilis_cardium[2] **   

Porto-Hannes et al., 2019, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
12 18 12 12 8 7 5 13.0
  +----------------- Lampsilis_teres **        
  |                                         
  |              +-- Leaunio_lienosus       
  +--------------+                          
  |              +-- Cambarunio_iris        
  |                                         
  |           +----- Obovaria_arkansasensis 
  +-----------+                             
  |           |  +-- Obovaria_olivaria      
  |           +--+                          
  |              +-- Obovaria_subrotunda    
  |                                         
--+        +-------- Ortmanniana_ligamentina
  |        |                                
  +--------+     +-- Lampsilis_hydiana **      
  |        |  +--+                          
  |        |  |  +-- Lampsilis_virescens **    
  |        +--+                             
  |           |  +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea **  
  |           +--+                          
  |              +-- Lampsilis_radiata **      
  |                                         
  |  +-------------- Lampsilis_bracteata **    
  |  |                                      
  +--+  +----------- Lampsilis_ornata **       
     |  |                                   
     +--+  +-------- Lampsilis_ovata **        
        |  |                                
        +--+  +----- Lampsilis_cardium[3] **   
           |  |                             
           +--+  +-- Lampsilis_satura **       
              |  |                          
              +--+-- Lampsilis_cardium[1] **   
                 |                          
                 +-- Lampsilis_cardium[2] **   

Stodola et al., 2021, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
11 12 6 11 1 1 1 15.0
              +-- Ortmanniana_ligamentina
              |                          
  +-----------+-- Lampsilis_abrupta **      
  |           |                          
  |           +-- Lampsilis_higginsii **    
--+                                      
  |  +----------- Lampsilis_sietmani **     
  |  |                                   
  |  |        +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea **  
  +--+  +-----+                          
     |  |     +-- Lampsilis_radiata **      
     |  |                                
     +--+  +----- Lampsilis_hydiana[2] **   
        |  |                             
        |  +----- Lampsilis_straminea[2] ** 
        |  |                             
        +--+  +-- Lampsilis_hydiana[1] **   
           +--+                          
           |  +-- Lampsilis_bergmanni **    
           |                             
           |  +-- Lampsilis_straminea[1] ** 
           +--+                          
              +-- Lampsilis_virescens **    

Turner et al., 2000, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
9 10 6 9 7 2 2 19.0
  +-------------------- Medionidus_conradicus   
  |                                             
--+  +----------------- Lampsilis_teres **         
  |  |                                          
  |  +----------------- Villosa_delumbis        
  +--+                                          
     |              +-- Lampsilis_satura **        
     |  +-----------+                           
     |  |           +-- Lampsilis_cardium **       
     +--+                                       
        |  +----------- Lampsilis_reeveiana **     
        |  |                                    
        +--+  +-------- Lampsilis_hydiana[1] **    
           |  |                                 
           +--+-------- Lampsilis_hydiana[2] **    
              |                                 
              |  +----- Lampsilis_siliquoidea[2] **
              +--+                              
                 |  +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea[1] **
                 +--+                           
                    +-- Lampsilis_powellii **      

Keogh & Simons, 2019, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
8 8 6 8 0 0 0 17.0
  +----------------- Lampsilis_sietmani **    
  |                                        
--+              +-- Lampsilis_floridensis ** 
  |  +-----------+                         
  |  |           +-- Lampsilis_teres **       
  +--+                                     
     |  +----------- Lampsilis_siliquoidea ** 
     +--+                                  
        |  +-------- Lampsilis_hydiana[2] **  
        +--+                               
           |  +----- Lampsilis_straminea[2] **
           +--+                            
              |  +-- Lampsilis_hydiana[1] **  
              +--+                         
                 +-- Lampsilis_straminea[1] **

Porto-Hannes et al., 2021, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
7 10 7 7 9 3 3 16.0
           +-- Obovaria_olivaria      
  +--------+                          
  |        +-- Ortmanniana_ligamentina
  |                                   
  |        +-- Obliquaria_reflexa     
  +--------+                          
--+        +-- Lampsilis_ornata **       
  |                                   
  |     +----- Lampsilis_radiata[2] **   
  |  +--+                             
  |  |  |  +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea **  
  |  |  +--+                          
  +--+     +-- Lampsilis_radiata[1] **   
     |                                
     |  +----- Lampsilis_virescens **    
     +--+                             
        |  +-- Lampsilis_hydiana **      
        +--+                          
           +-- Lampsilis_straminea **    

Zanatta & Murphy, 2006, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
6 28 25 6 51 43 22 34.0
  +----------------------------------- Sagittunio_nasutus         
  |                                                               
  |                                +-- Medionidus_conradicus      
  |                          +-----+                              
  |                          |     +-- Ptychobranchus_fasciolaris 
  |                 +--------+                                    
  |                 |        |  +----- Medionidus_acutissimus     
  |                 |        |  |                                 
  |                 |        +--+----- Lemiox_rimosus             
  |                 |           |                                 
  |  +--------------+           |  +-- Dromus_dromas              
--+  |              |           +--+                              
  |  |              |              +-- Cyprogenia_stegaria        
  |  |              |                                             
  |  |              |  +-------------- Potamilus_leptodon         
  |  |              |  |                                          
  |  |              +--+  +----------- Potamilus_fragilis         
  |  |                 |  |                                       
  |  |                 +--+        +-- Potamilus_alatus           
  |  |                    |  +-----+                              
  |  |                    |  |     +-- Potamilus_purpuratus       
  |  |                    +--+                                    
  |  |                       |  +----- Potamilus_inflatus         
  +--+                       +--+                                 
     |                          |  +-- Potamilus_ohiensis         
     |                          +--+                              
     |                             +-- Potamilus_amphichaenus     
     |                                                            
     |                          +----- Lampsilis_teres **            
     |  +-----------------------+                                 
     |  |                       |  +-- Truncilla_truncata         
     |  |                       +--+                              
     |  |                          +-- Ellipsaria_lineolata       
     |  |                                                         
     |  |  +-------------------------- Leaunio_vanuxemensis       
     |  |  |                                                      
     +--+  |                       +-- Hamiota_australis          
        |  |                    +--+                              
        |  |                    |  +-- Hamiota_subangulata        
        |  |              +-----+                                 
        |  |              |     |  +-- Hamiota_altilis            
        |  |              |     +--+                              
        |  |              |        +-- Hamiota_perovalis          
        +--+  +-----------+                                       
           |  |           |        +-- Lampsilis_fasciola **         
           |  |           |  +-----+                              
           |  |           |  |     +-- Ortmanniana_pectorosa      
           |  |           +--+                                    
           |  |              |  +----- Lampsilis_ornata **           
           |  |              +--+                                 
           |  |                 |  +-- Lampsilis_ovata **            
           |  |                 +--+                              
           +--+                    +-- Lampsilis_cardium **          
              |                                                   
              |              +-------- Lampsilis_siliquoidea **      
              |  +-----------+                                    
              |  |           |  +----- Ortmanniana_ligamentina    
              |  |           +--+                                 
              |  |              |  +-- Cambarunio_iris            
              |  |              +--+                              
              |  |                 +-- Ligumia_recta              
              +--+                                                
                 |                 +-- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis
                 |  +--------------+                              
                 |  |              +-- Venustaconcha_pleasii      
                 |  |                                             
                 |  |        +-------- Obovaria_olivaria          
                 +--+  +-----+                                    
                    |  |     |  +----- Obovaria_unicolor          
                    |  |     +--+                                 
                    |  |        |  +-- Obovaria_subrotunda        
                    +--+        +--+                              
                       |           +-- Obovaria_arkansasensis     
                       |                                          
                       |  +----------- Epioblasma_brevidens       
                       +--+                                       
                          |  +-------- Epioblasma_triquetra       
                          +--+                                    
                             |  +----- Epioblasma_rangiana        
                             +--+                                 
                                |  +-- Epioblasma_walkeri         
                                +--+                              
                                   +-- Epioblasma_capsaeformis    

Zanatta & Murphy, 2006, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
6 26 21 6 52 43 22 31.0
  +----------------------------------- Sagittunio_nasutus         
  |                                                               
  |                    +-------------- Potamilus_leptodon         
  |                    |                                          
  +--------------------+  +----------- Potamilus_fragilis         
  |                    |  |                                       
  |                    +--+        +-- Potamilus_alatus           
  |                       |  +-----+                              
  |                       |  |     +-- Potamilus_purpuratus       
  |                       +--+                                    
  |                          |  +----- Potamilus_inflatus         
  |                          +--+                                 
--+                             |  +-- Potamilus_ohiensis         
  |                             +--+                              
  |                                +-- Potamilus_amphichaenus     
  |                                                               
  |                                +-- Truncilla_truncata         
  |  +-----------------------------+                              
  |  |                             +-- Ellipsaria_lineolata       
  |  |                                                            
  |  |                             +-- Ortmanniana_pectorosa      
  |  |                       +-----+                              
  |  |                       |     +-- Lampsilis_fasciola **         
  |  |  +--------------------+                                    
  +--+  |                    |  +----- Lampsilis_ornata **           
     |  |                    +--+                                 
     |  |                       |  +-- Lampsilis_ovata **            
     |  |                       +--+                              
     |  |                          +-- Lampsilis_cardium **          
     |  |                                                         
     |  |                          +-- Ligumia_recta              
     +--+                 +--------+                              
        |                 |        +-- Cambarunio_iris            
        |  +--------------+                                       
        |  |              |  +-------- Lampsilis_teres **            
        |  |              |  |                                    
        |  |              +--+     +-- Hamiota_australis          
        |  |                 |  +--+                              
        |  |                 |  |  +-- Hamiota_subangulata        
        +--+                 +--+                                 
           |                    |  +-- Hamiota_altilis            
           |                    +--+                              
           |                       +-- Hamiota_perovalis          
           |                                                      
           |  +----------------------- Leaunio_vanuxemensis       
           |  |                                                   
           +--+  +-------------------- Ortmanniana_ligamentina    
              |  |                                                
              |  |  +----------------- Lampsilis_siliquoidea **      
              +--+  |                                             
                 |  |  +-------------- Obovaria_olivaria          
                 |  |  |                                          
                 +--+  |           +-- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis
                    |  +-----------+                              
                    |  |           +-- Venustaconcha_pleasii      
                    |  |                                          
                    +--+        +----- Obovaria_unicolor          
                       +--------+                                 
                       |        |  +-- Obovaria_subrotunda        
                       |        +--+                              
                       |           +-- Obovaria_arkansasensis     
                       |                                          
                       |  +----------- Epioblasma_brevidens       
                       +--+                                       
                          |  +-------- Epioblasma_triquetra       
                          +--+                                    
                             |  +----- Epioblasma_rangiana        
                             +--+                                 
                                |  +-- Epioblasma_walkeri         
                                +--+                              
                                   +-- Epioblasma_capsaeformis    

Szumowski et al., 2012, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
6 11 7 6 10 9 9 17.0
  +----------------- Obliquaria_reflexa     
  |                                         
  |  +-------------- Potamilus_alatus       
--+  |                                      
  |  |        +----- Lampsilis_ornata **       
  |  |  +-----+                             
  |  |  |     |  +-- Lampsilis_cardium **      
  +--+  |     +--+                          
     |  |        +-- Lampsilis_ovata **        
     |  |                                   
     |  |  +-------- Lampsilis_teres **        
     |  +--+                                
     +--+  |  +----- Lampsilis_siliquoidea **  
        |  +--+                             
        |     |  +-- Ortmanniana_ligamentina
        |     +--+                          
        |        +-- Lampsilis_higginsii **    
        |                                   
        |     +----- Hamiota_altilis        
        |     |                             
        +-----+  +-- Epioblasma_triquetra   
              |  |                          
              +--+-- Cambarunio_iris        
                 |                          
                 +-- Ligumia_recta          

Keogh & Simons, 2019, fig. S1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
6 6 3 6 4 2 2 16.0
  +----------------- Potamilus_fragilis   
  |                                       
--+  +-------------- Leaunio_lienosus     
  |  |                                    
  +--+           +-- Lampsilis_floridensis **
     |  +--------+                        
     |  |        +-- Lampsilis_teres **      
     +--+                                 
        |  +-------- Lampsilis_sietmani **   
        +--+                              
           |  +----- Lampsilis_siliquoidea **
           +--+                           
              |  +-- Lampsilis_hydiana **    
              +--+                        
                 +-- Lampsilis_straminea **  

Porto-Hannes et al., 2021, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
6 6 1 6 6 2 2 16.0
  +----------- Obovaria_olivaria      
  |                                   
--+  +-------- Ortmanniana_ligamentina
  |  |                                
  +--+  +----- Lampsilis_hydiana **      
     |  |                             
     |  +----- Lampsilis_straminea **    
     +--+                             
        |  +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea **  
        |  |                          
        |  +-- Lampsilis_radiata **      
        +--+                          
           +-- Lampsilis[1] **           
           |                          
           +-- Lampsilis[2] **           

Campbell et al., 2005, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 18 14 5 112 44 22 21.0
  +----------------------- Villosa_villosa        
  |                                               
  |                    +-- Obovaria_olivaria      
  |     +--------------+                          
  |     |              +-- Venustaconcha_pleasii  
  |     |                                         
  |  +--+           +----- Obovaria_unicolor      
  |  |  |  +--------+                             
  |  |  |  |        |  +-- Obovaria_arkansasensis 
--+  |  |  |        +--+                          
  |  |  +--+           +-- Obovaria_subrotunda    
  |  |     |                                      
  |  |     |  +----------- Epioblasma_brevidens   
  |  |     +--+                                   
  |  |        |  +-------- Epioblasma_triquetra   
  |  |        +--+                                
  |  |           |  +----- Epioblasma_walkeri[2]  
  |  |           +--+                             
  |  |              |  +-- Epioblasma_capsaeformis
  +--+              +--+                          
     |                 +-- Epioblasma_walkeri[1]  
     |                                            
     |                 +-- Ligumia_recta          
     |        +--------+                          
     |        |        +-- Cambarunio_iris        
     |     +--+                                   
     |     |  |  +-------- Lampsilis_teres **        
     |     |  +--+                                
     |     |     |  +----- Ortmanniana_ligamentina
     |     |     +--+                             
     |     |        |  +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea **  
     |     |        +--+                          
     |     |           +-- Leaunio_vanuxemensis   
     +-----+                                      
           |           +-- Lampsilis_cardium **      
           |        +--+                          
           |        |  +-- Lampsilis_ovata **        
           |  +-----+                             
           |  |     |  +-- Ortmanniana_pectorosa  
           |  |     +--+                          
           |  |        +-- Lampsilis_ornata **       
           |  |                                   
           +--+     +----- Hamiota_australis[2]   
              |  +--+                             
              |  |  |  +-- Hamiota_australis[1]   
              |  |  +--+                          
              |  |     +-- Hamiota_subangulata    
              +--+                                
                 |  +----- Hamiota_altilis[2]     
                 |  |                             
                 |  |  +-- Hamiota_altilis[1]     
                 +--+--+                          
                    |  +-- Hamiota_perovalis[1]   
                    |                             
                    |  +-- Hamiota_altilis[3]     
                    +--+                          
                       +-- Hamiota_perovalis[2]   

Grobler et al., 2011, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 10 6 5 12 11 9 16.0
     +----------- Lemiox_rimosus         
  +--+                                   
  |  |  +-------- Medionidus_conradicus  
  |  +--+                                
  |     |  +----- Dromus_dromas          
  |     +--+                             
  |        |  +-- Cyprogenia_stegaria    
--+        +--+                          
  |           +-- Cyprogenia_aberti      
  |                                      
  |  +----------- Potamilus_alatus       
  |  |                                   
  |  |     +----- Lampsilis_siliquoidea **  
  |  |  +--+                             
  +--+  |  |  +-- Lampsilis_higginsii **    
     |  |  +--+                          
     |  |     +-- Ortmanniana_ligamentina
     |  |                                
     |  |  +----- Lampsilis_fasciola **     
     +--+--+                             
        |  |  +-- Lampsilis_cardium **      
        |  +--+                          
        |     +-- Lampsilis_ovata **        
        |                                
        |  +----- Cambarunio_iris        
        |  |                             
        +--+----- Ligumia_recta          
           |                             
           |  +-- Epioblasma_brevidens   
           +--+                          
              +-- Epioblasma_capsaeformis

Burlakova et al., 2019, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
5 12 6 5 28 21 17 18.0
  +----------------- Toxolasma_lividum     
  |                                        
  |              +-- Potamilus_fragilis    
  |  +-----------+                         
  |  |           +-- Potamilus_metnecktayi 
  |  |                                     
  |  |        +----- Medionidus_acutissimus
  |  +--------+                            
--+  |        |  +-- Lemiox_rimosus        
  |  |        +--+                         
  |  |           +-- Dromus_dromas         
  |  |                                     
  |  |        +----- Ellipsaria_lineolata  
  |  |        |                            
  |  +--------+  +-- Truncilla_cognata     
  |  |        |  |                         
  +--+        |  +-- Truncilla_donaciformis
     |        +--+                         
     |           +-- Truncilla_macrodon    
     |           |                         
     |           +-- Truncilla_truncata    
     |                                     
     |  +----------- Cambarunio_simus      
     |  |                                  
     |  +----------- Leaunio_lienosus      
     |  |                                  
     |  +----------- Villosa_villosa       
     |  |                                  
     |  |        +-- Sagittunio_nasutus    
     |  +--------+                         
     +--+        +-- Lampsilis_ovata **       
        |                                  
        |     +----- Venustaconcha_pleasii 
        +-----+                            
        |     |  +-- Epioblasma_rangiana   
        |     +--+                         
        |        +-- Obovaria_unicolor     
        |                                  
        |  +-------- Lampsilis_teres **       
        +--+                               
           |  +----- Lampsilis_siliquoidea ** 
           +--+                            
              |  +-- Lampsilis_hydiana **     
              +--+                         
                 +-- Lampsilis_straminea **   

Boyer et al., 2011, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 14 7 4 31 12 9 23.0
  +-------------- Toxolasma_parvum       
  |                                      
  |  +----------- Obliquaria_reflexa     
  |  |                                   
--+  |  +-------- Obovaria_olivaria      
  |  |  |                                
  |  |  +-------- Lampsilis_cardium **      
  |  |  |                                
  +--+  |     +-- Epioblasma_triquetra   
     |  +-----+                          
     |  |     +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea **  
     |  |                                
     |  |     +-- Ortmanniana_ligamentina
     |  +-----+                          
     |  |     +-- Lampsilis_higginsii **    
     +--+                                
        |     +-- Ligumia_recta          
        +-----+                          
        |     +-- Lampsilis_teres **        
        |                                
        |  +----- Potamilus_fragilis     
        +--+                             
        |  |  +-- Potamilus_ohiensis     
        |  +--+                          
        |     +-- Potamilus_alatus       
        |                                
        |  +----- Ellipsaria_lineolata   
        +--+                             
           |  +-- Truncilla_truncata     
           +--+                          
              +-- Truncilla_donaciformis 

Boyer et al., 2011, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 8 5 4 34 12 9 18.0
              +----- Potamilus_fragilis     
  +-----------+                             
  |           |  +-- Potamilus_ohiensis     
  |           +--+                          
  |              +-- Potamilus_alatus       
  |                                         
--+           +----- Ellipsaria_lineolata   
  |  +--------+                             
  |  |        |  +-- Truncilla_donaciformis 
  |  |        +--+                          
  |  |           +-- Truncilla_truncata     
  +--+                                      
     |  +----------- Lampsilis_cardium **      
     |  |                                   
     |  |     +----- Ligumia_recta          
     |  +-----+                             
     +--+     |  +-- Obovaria_olivaria      
        |     +--+                          
        |        +-- Epioblasma_triquetra   
        |                                   
        |  +-------- Lampsilis_teres **        
        +--+                                
           |  +----- Lampsilis_siliquoidea **  
           +--+                             
              |  +-- Ortmanniana_ligamentina
              +--+                          
                 +-- Lampsilis_higginsii **    

Moyer & Díaz-Ferguson, 2012, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 4 2 4 3 0 0 18.0
  +-------- Lampsilis_ovata[2] ** 
--+                            
  |  +----- Lampsilis_ovata[1] ** 
  +--+                         
     |  +-- Lampsilis_virescens **
     +--+                      
        +-- Lampsilis_fasciola ** 

Krebs et al., 2013, fig. 2A

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 5 3 4 1 1 1 15.0
  +-------- Lampsilis_radiata **      
  |                                
--+     +-- Lampsilis_ovata **        
  |  +--+                          
  |  |  +-- Ortmanniana_ligamentina
  +--+                             
     |  +-- Lampsilis_hydiana **      
     +--+                          
        +-- Lampsilis_straminea **    

Smith et al., 2019, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 4 2 4 38 33 19 16.0
  +-------------- Ortmanniana_pectorosa   
--+                                       
  |  +----------- Ortmanniana_ligamentina 
  +--+                                    
     |  +-------- Lampsilis_ovata **         
     +--+                                 
        |  +----- Lampsilis_dolabraeformis **
        +--+                              
           |  +-- Lampsilis_satura **        
           +--+                           
              +-- Lampsilis_cardium **       

Fukata & Iigo, 2020, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 5 2 4 50 4 3 17.0
              +-- Potamilus_leptodon         
  +-----------+                              
  |           +-- Potamilus_alatus           
--+                                          
  |  +----------- Leaunio_lienosus           
  |  |                                       
  +--+        +-- Lampsilis_cardium **          
     |  +-----+                              
     |  |     +-- Lampsilis_ornata **           
     +--+                                    
        |  +----- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis
        +--+                                 
           |  +-- Lampsilis_powellii **         
           +--+                              
              +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea **      

Teiga-Teixeira et al., 2020, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 5 2 4 15 4 3 17.0
  +-------------- Toxolasma_parvum           
  |                                          
  |           +-- Potamilus_alatus           
--+  +--------+                              
  |  |        +-- Potamilus_leptodon         
  |  |                                       
  +--+        +-- Lampsilis_cardium **          
     |  +-----+                              
     |  |     +-- Lampsilis_ornata **           
     +--+                                    
        |  +----- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis
        +--+                                 
           |  +-- Lampsilis_powellii **         
           +--+                              
              +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea **      

Wu et al., 2022, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 5 2 4 70 5 4 17.0
              +-- Potamilus_alatus           
  +-----------+                              
  |           +-- Potamilus_leptodon         
--+                                          
  |  +----------- Leaunio_lienosus           
  |  |                                       
  +--+        +-- Lampsilis_cardium **          
     |  +-----+                              
     |  |     +-- Lampsilis_ornata **           
     +--+                                    
        |  +----- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis
        +--+                                 
           |  +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea **      
           +--+                              
              +-- Lampsilis_powellii **         

Mejia-Trujillo & Smith, 2022, fig. 2-F

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
4 5 2 4 11 5 3 17.0
        +----- Potamilus_leptodon         
  +-----+                                 
  |     |  +-- Potamilus_streckersoni     
  |     +--+                              
  |        +-- Potamilus_alatus           
--+                                       
  |        +-- Lampsilis_cardium **          
  |  +-----+                              
  |  |     +-- Lampsilis_ornata **           
  +--+                                    
     |  +----- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis
     +--+                                 
        |  +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea **      
        +--+                              
           +-- Lampsilis_powellii **         

Graf & Ó Foighil, 2000, fig. 2A

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 8 3 3 27 9 8 20.0
  +----------- Ligumia_recta             
  |                                      
  +----------- Truncilla_truncata        
  |                                      
  |        +-- Ptychobranchus_fasciolaris
  +--------+                             
--+        +-- Sagittunio_nasutus        
  |                                      
  |     +----- Lampsilis_siliquoidea **     
  |  +--+                                
  |  |  |  +-- Epioblasma_triquetra      
  |  |  +--+                             
  |  |     +-- Epioblasma_brevidens      
  +--+                                   
     |  +----- Ortmanniana_ligamentina   
     |  |                                
     |  +----- Cambarunio_iris           
     +--+                                
        +----- Leaunio_vanuxemensis      
        |                                
        |  +-- Lampsilis_cardium **         
        +--+                             
           +-- Lampsilis_fasciola **        

Graf & Ó Foighil, 2000, fig. 2B

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 8 6 3 27 9 8 20.0
  +----------------- Ligumia_recta             
  |                                            
  |              +-- Ptychobranchus_fasciolaris
--+  +-----------+                             
  |  |           +-- Sagittunio_nasutus        
  |  |                                         
  +--+  +----------- Lampsilis_siliquoidea **     
     |  |                                      
     |  |     +----- Ortmanniana_ligamentina   
     +--+  +--+                                
        |  |  |  +-- Lampsilis_cardium **         
        |  |  +--+                             
        |  |     +-- Lampsilis_fasciola **        
        +--+                                   
           |     +-- Epioblasma_brevidens      
           |  +--+                             
           |  |  +-- Epioblasma_triquetra      
           +--+                                
              |  +-- Cambarunio_iris           
              +--+                             
                 +-- Leaunio_vanuxemensis      

Chapman et al., 2008, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 4 2 3 18 10 10 14.0
              +-- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis
  +-----------+                              
  |           +-- Obovaria_olivaria          
--+                                          
  |  +----------- Hamiota_subangulata        
  +--+                                       
     |  +-------- Lampsilis_ovata **            
     +--+                                    
        |  +----- Ortmanniana_ligamentina    
        +--+                                 
           |  +-- Lampsilis_straminea **        
           +--+                              
              +-- Lampsilis_hydiana **          

Roe et al., 2001, fig. 3a

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 1 3 13 13 4 15.0
  +-------------- Ligumia_recta       
  |                                   
  +-------------- Obliquaria_reflexa  
  |                                   
  |        +----- Lampsilis_teres **     
  +--------+                          
--+        |  +-- Lampsilis_ovata **     
  |        +--+                       
  |           +-- Lampsilis_ornata **    
  |                                   
  |  +----------- Villosa_villosa     
  |  |                                
  |  |     +----- Hamiota_australis[2]
  +--+  +--+                          
     |  |  |  +-- Hamiota_subangulata 
     |  |  +--+                       
     |  |     +-- Hamiota_australis[1]
     +--+                             
        |  +----- Hamiota_altilis[3]  
        |  |                          
        |  |  +-- Hamiota_perovalis[1]
        +--+  |                       
           |  +-- Hamiota_perovalis[2]
           |  |                       
           |  +-- Hamiota_altilis[1]  
           +--+                       
              +-- Hamiota_altilis[2]  
              |                       
              +-- Hamiota_altilis[4]  
              |                       
              +-- Hamiota_altilis[5]  

Chapman et al., 2008, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 4 2 3 18 10 10 14.0
              +-- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis
  +-----------+                              
  |           +-- Obovaria_olivaria          
--+                                          
  |  +----------- Hamiota_subangulata        
  +--+                                       
     |  +-------- Lampsilis_ovata **            
     +--+                                    
        |  +----- Ortmanniana_ligamentina    
        +--+                                 
           |  +-- Lampsilis_straminea **        
           +--+                              
              +-- Lampsilis_hydiana **          

Breton et al., 2011, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 3 0 3 36 10 7 17.0
        +-- Lemiox_rimosus             
  +-----+                              
  |     +-- Potamilus_metnecktayi      
  |                                    
--+     +-- Cambarunio_iris            
  |  +--+                              
  |  |  +-- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis
  +--+                                 
     |  +-- Lampsilis_powellii **         
     |  |                              
     +--+-- Lampsilis_ornata **           
        |                              
        +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea **      

Chen et al., 2020, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 4 2 3 31 3 2 18.0
  +----------- Toxolasma_parvum     
--+                                 
  |  +-------- Lampsilis_ornata **     
  +--+                              
     |  +----- Potamilus_leptodon   
     +--+                           
        |  +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea **
        +--+                        
           +-- Lampsilis_powellii **   

Pavan-Kumar et al., 2022, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 4 2 3 33 3 3 16.0
  +----------- Toxolasma_parvum           
  |                                       
--+  +-------- Potamilus_leptodon         
  |  |                                    
  +--+     +-- Lampsilis_cardium **          
     |  +--+                              
     |  |  +-- Lampsilis_ornata **           
     +--+                                 
        |  +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea **      
        +--+                              
           +-- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis

Pavan-Kumar et al., 2022, fig. S5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
3 4 2 3 36 3 3 16.0
  +----------- Toxolasma_parvum           
  |                                       
--+  +-------- Potamilus_leptodon         
  |  |                                    
  +--+     +-- Lampsilis_cardium **          
     |  +--+                              
     |  |  +-- Lampsilis_ornata **           
     +--+                                 
        |  +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea **      
        +--+                              
           +-- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis

Lydeard et al., 1996, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 25 7 6 --
  +-------- Medionidus_conradicus
  |                              
--+  +----- Potamilus_purpuratus 
  |  |                           
  |  |  +-- Ellipsaria_lineolata 
  +--+--+                        
     |  +-- Villosa_delumbis     
     |                           
     |  +-- Lampsilis_teres **      
     +--+                        
        +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea **

Lydeard et al., 1996, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 26 7 6 --
  +-------- Ellipsaria_lineolata 
--+                              
  |  +----- Villosa_delumbis     
  +--+                           
     |  +-- Lampsilis_teres **      
     +--+                        
        +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea **

Serb et al., 2003, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 28 5 5 --
  +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea **
--+                        
  +-- Lampsilis_ornata **     

Serb et al., 2003, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 28 5 5 --
  +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea **
--+                        
  +-- Lampsilis_ornata **     

Buhay et al., 2002, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 7 0 2 5 5 1 21.0
  +----------- Lampsilis_siliquoidea[1] **
  |                                    
  +----------- Lampsilis_siliquoidea[2] **
--+                                    
  |  +-------- Epioblasma_brevidens    
  |  |                                 
  +--+  +----- Epioblasma_triquetra    
     |  |                              
     +--+  +-- Epioblasma_capsaeformis 
        |  |                           
        +--+-- Epioblasma_walkeri[1]   
           |                           
           +-- Epioblasma_walkeri[2]   

Serb & Barnhart, 2008, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 11 11 4 --
                          +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea **     
  +-----------------------+                             
  |                       +-- Lampsilis_ornata **          
--+                                                     
  |  +----------------------- Obliquaria_reflexa        
  |  |                                                  
  +--+  +-------------------- Ptychobranchus_fasciolaris
     |  |                                               
     +--+                 +-- Cyprogenia_aberti[6]      
        |  +--------------+                             
        |  |              +-- Dromus_dromas             
        +--+                                            
           |  +-------------- Cyprogenia_aberti[4]      
           |  |                                         
           +--+  +----------- Cyprogenia_aberti[3]      
              |  |                                      
              +--+  +-------- Cyprogenia_aberti[5]      
                 |  |                                   
                 +--+  +----- Cyprogenia_stegaria[2]    
                    |  |                                
                    +--+----- Cyprogenia_aberti[2]      
                       |                                
                       |  +-- Cyprogenia_stegaria[1]    
                       +--+                             
                          +-- Cyprogenia_aberti[1]      

Serb & Barnhart, 2008, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 11 11 4 --
  +----------------------- Obliquaria_reflexa        
  |                                                  
  |                    +-- Lampsilis_ornata **          
  +--------------------+                             
--+                    +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea **     
  |                                                  
  |  +-------------------- Ptychobranchus_fasciolaris
  |  |                                               
  +--+                 +-- Cyprogenia_aberti[6]      
     |  +--------------+                             
     |  |              +-- Dromus_dromas             
     +--+                                            
        |  +-------------- Cyprogenia_aberti[5]      
        |  |                                         
        +--+  +----------- Cyprogenia_aberti[4]      
           |  |                                      
           +--+  +-------- Cyprogenia_aberti[3]      
              |  |                                   
              +--+  +----- Cyprogenia_stegaria[2]    
                 |  |                                
                 +--+----- Cyprogenia_aberti[2]      
                    |                                
                    |  +-- Cyprogenia_stegaria[1]    
                    +--+                             
                       +-- Cyprogenia_aberti[1]      

Serb, 2006, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 11 11 4 --
  +-------------- Obliquaria_reflexa        
  |                                         
  |        +----- Ptychobranchus_fasciolaris
  +--------+                                
  |        |  +-- Lampsilis_ornata **          
--+        +--+                             
  |           +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea **     
  |                                         
  |           +-- Cyprogenia_aberti[6]      
  |  +--------+                             
  |  |        +-- Dromus_dromas             
  +--+                                      
     |  +-------- Cyprogenia_aberti[5]      
     |  |                                   
     +--+  +----- Cyprogenia_aberti[4]      
        |  |                                
        |  |  +-- Cyprogenia_stegaria[1]    
        +--+  |                             
           |  +-- Cyprogenia_stegaria[2]    
           |  |                             
           +--+-- Cyprogenia_aberti[1]      
              |                             
              +-- Cyprogenia_aberti[2]      
              |                             
              +-- Cyprogenia_aberti[3]      

Serb, 2006, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 10 10 4 --
  +-------------------- Obliquaria_reflexa        
  |                                               
  |                 +-- Lampsilis_ornata **          
  +-----------------+                             
--+                 +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea **     
  |                                               
  |  +----------------- Ptychobranchus_fasciolaris
  |  |                                            
  +--+              +-- Cyprogenia_aberti[5]      
     |  +-----------+                             
     |  |           +-- Dromus_dromas             
     +--+                                         
        |  +----------- Cyprogenia_aberti[4]      
        |  |                                      
        +--+  +-------- Cyprogenia_aberti[3]      
           |  |                                   
           +--+  +----- Cyprogenia_stegaria[2]    
              |  |                                
              +--+----- Cyprogenia_aberti[2]      
                 |                                
                 |  +-- Cyprogenia_stegaria[1]    
                 +--+                             
                    +-- Cyprogenia_aberti[1]      

Serb, 2006, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 10 10 4 --
  +-------------------- Obliquaria_reflexa        
  |                                               
  |                 +-- Lampsilis_ornata **          
  +-----------------+                             
--+                 +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea **     
  |                                               
  |  +----------------- Ptychobranchus_fasciolaris
  |  |                                            
  +--+              +-- Cyprogenia_aberti[5]      
     |  +-----------+                             
     |  |           +-- Dromus_dromas             
     +--+                                         
        |  +----------- Cyprogenia_aberti[4]      
        |  |                                      
        +--+  +-------- Cyprogenia_aberti[3]      
           |  |                                   
           +--+  +----- Cyprogenia_stegaria[2]    
              |  |                                
              +--+----- Cyprogenia_aberti[2]      
                 |                                
                 |  +-- Cyprogenia_stegaria[1]    
                 +--+                             
                    +-- Cyprogenia_aberti[1]      

Curole & Kocher, 2005, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 3 0 2 9 3 3 17.0
  +-------- Leaunio_lienosus    
--+                             
  |  +----- Lampsilis_straminea ** 
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Lampsilis_teres **     
     +--+                       
        +-- Potamilus_purpuratus

Curole & Kocher, 2005, fig. 1-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 10 3 3 --
        +-- Potamilus_purpuratus
  +-----+                       
  |     +-- Glebula_rotundata   
--+                             
  |  +----- Leaunio_lienosus    
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Lampsilis_straminea ** 
     +--+                       
        +-- Lampsilis_teres **     

Krebs et al., 2003, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 4 0 2 32 9 7 18.0
           +----- Ptychobranchus_subtentus
  +--------+                              
  |        |  +-- Potamilus_fragilis      
  |        +--+                           
  |           +-- Medionidus_conradicus   
--+                                       
  |           +-- Villosa_delumbis        
  |  +--------+                           
  |  |        +-- Ellipsaria_lineolata    
  +--+                                    
     |  +-------- Lampsilis_teres **         
     +--+                                 
        |  +----- Lampsilis_siliquoidea **   
        +--+                              
           |  +-- Potamilus_purpuratus    
           +--+                           
              +-- Potamilus_alatus        

Rosenberg et al., 1994, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 10 0 2 17 1 1 22.0
  +-- Pyganodon_cataracta   
  |                         
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis     
  |                         
  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis
  |                         
  +-- Lampsilis_teres **       
  |                         
  +-- Lampsilis_straminea **   
--+                         
  +-- Megalonaias_nervosa   
  |                         
  +-- Obliquaria_reflexa    
  |                         
  +-- Theliderma_cylindrica 
  |                         
  +-- Quadrula_quadrula     
  |                         
  +-- Uniomerus_tetralasmus 

Rosenberg et al., 1997, fig. 2A

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 17 0 2 21 1 1 29.0
  +-- Gonidea_angulata      
  |                         
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis     
  |                         
  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis
  |                         
  +-- Pyganodon_cataracta   
  |                         
  +-- Lampsilis_straminea **   
  |                         
  +-- Lampsilis_teres **       
  |                         
  +-- Megalonaias_nervosa   
  |                         
  +-- Obliquaria_reflexa    
  |                         
--+-- Theliderma_cylindrica 
  |                         
  +-- Quadrula_quadrula     
  |                         
  +-- Uniomerus_tetralasmus 
  |                         
  +-- Amblema_plicata       
  |                         
  +-- Elliptio_complanata   
  |                         
  +-- Fusconaia_cerina      
  |                         
  +-- Plectomerus_dombeyanus
  |                         
  +-- Pleurobema_cordatum   
  |                         
  +-- Unio_pictorum         

Rosenberg et al., 1997, fig. 2B

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 17 0 2 21 1 1 29.0
  +-- Gonidea_angulata      
  |                         
  +-- Pyganodon_grandis     
  |                         
  +-- Utterbackia_imbecillis
  |                         
  +-- Pyganodon_cataracta   
  |                         
  +-- Lampsilis_straminea **   
  |                         
  +-- Lampsilis_teres **       
  |                         
  +-- Megalonaias_nervosa   
  |                         
  +-- Obliquaria_reflexa    
  |                         
--+-- Theliderma_cylindrica 
  |                         
  +-- Quadrula_quadrula     
  |                         
  +-- Uniomerus_tetralasmus 
  |                         
  +-- Amblema_plicata       
  |                         
  +-- Elliptio_complanata   
  |                         
  +-- Fusconaia_cerina      
  |                         
  +-- Plectomerus_dombeyanus
  |                         
  +-- Aculamprotula_tortuosa
  |                         
  +-- Unio_pictorum         

Campbell & Lydeard, 2012, fig. 1-2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 8 0 2 72 13 10 20.0
  +----------------- Potamilus_alatus           
  |                                             
  +----------------- Potamilus_capax            
  |                                             
  +----------------- Glebula_rotundata          
  |                                             
  |              +-- Toxolasma_lividum          
  +--------------+                              
--+              +-- Paetulunio_fabalis         
  |                                             
  |              +-- Dromus_dromas              
  +--------------+                              
  |              +-- Lemiox_rimosus             
  |                                             
  |              +-- Lampsilis_ovata **            
  |  +-----------+                              
  |  |           +-- Obliquaria_reflexa         
  +--+                                          
     |  +----------- Lampsilis_virescens **        
     |  |                                       
     +--+        +-- Epioblasma_rangiana        
        |  +-----+                              
        |  |     +-- Obovaria_arkansasensis     
        +--+                                    
           |  +----- Obovaria_olivaria          
           +--+                                 
              |  +-- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis
              +--+                              
                 +-- Venustaconcha_pleasii      

Campbell & Lydeard, 2012, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 7 0 2 72 13 10 20.0
  +-------------------- Obliquaria_reflexa         
  |                                                
  |                 +-- Dromus_dromas              
  |              +--+                              
--+              |  +-- Lemiox_rimosus             
  |  +-----------+                                 
  |  |           |  +-- Potamilus_alatus           
  |  |           +--+                              
  +--+              +-- Potamilus_capax            
     |                                             
     |  +-------------- Lampsilis_ovata **            
     |  |                                          
     +--+  +----------- Lampsilis_virescens **        
        |  |                                       
        +--+        +-- Epioblasma_rangiana        
           |  +-----+                              
           |  |     +-- Obovaria_arkansasensis     
           +--+                                    
              |  +----- Obovaria_olivaria          
              +--+                                 
                 |  +-- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis
                 +--+                              
                    +-- Venustaconcha_pleasii      

Roe, 2013, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 10 10 5 --
  +----------------------- Obliquaria_reflexa            
  |                                                      
  |                    +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea **         
  +--------------------+                                 
--+                    +-- Lampsilis_ornata **              
  |                                                      
  |  +-------------------- Medionidus_conradicus         
  |  |                                                   
  +--+                 +-- Cyprogenia_aberti             
     |  +--------------+                                 
     |  |              +-- Dromus_dromas                 
     +--+                                                
        |  +-------------- Ptychobranchus_subtentus      
        +--+                                             
           |  +----------- Ptychobranchus_jonesi         
           +--+                                          
              |  +-------- Ptychobranchus_greenii        
              +--+                                       
                 |  +----- Ptychobranchus_occidentalis[2]
                 +--+                                    
                    |  +-- Ptychobranchus_occidentalis[1]
                    +--+                                 
                       +-- Ptychobranchus_fasciolaris    

Huang et al., 2019, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 197 12 11 --
  +-------- Cambarunio_iris        
--+                                
  |  +----- Ortmanniana_ligamentina
  +--+                             
     |  +-- Lampsilis_cardium **      
     +--+                          
        +-- Lampsilis_ornata **       

Huang et al., 2019, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 55 5 4 --
  +-------- Leaunio_lienosus           
--+                                    
  |  +----- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis
  +--+                                 
     |  +-- Lampsilis_cardium **          
     +--+                              
        +-- Lampsilis_ornata **           

Huang et al., 2019, fig. S3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 195 12 11 --
        +-- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis
  +-----+                              
  |     +-- Cambarunio_iris            
--+                                    
  |  +----- Ortmanniana_ligamentina    
  +--+                                 
     |  +-- Lampsilis_cardium **          
     +--+                              
        +-- Lampsilis_ornata **           

Huang et al., 2019, fig. S4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 197 12 11 --
  +-------- Ellipsaria_lineolata       
  |                                    
  +-------- Potamilus_leptodon         
  |                                    
  +-------- Medionidus_conradicus      
  |                                    
  +-------- Potamilus_alatus           
  |                                    
  +-------- Ptychobranchus_subtentus   
--+                                    
  +-------- Truncilla_truncata         
  |                                    
  +-------- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis
  |                                    
  +-------- Cambarunio_iris            
  |                                    
  +-------- Leaunio_lienosus           
  |                                    
  |  +----- Ortmanniana_ligamentina    
  +--+                                 
     |  +-- Lampsilis_cardium **          
     +--+                              
        +-- Lampsilis_ornata **           

Chase et al., 2018, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 37 10 7 --
        +----- Lemiox_rimosus       
  +-----+                           
  |     |  +-- Lampsilis_powellii **   
  |     +--+                        
--+        +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea **
  |                                 
  |  +-------- Potamilus_metnecktayi
  +--+                              
     |  +----- Cambarunio_iris      
     +--+                           
        |  +-- Ellipsaria_lineolata 
        +--+                        
           +-- Truncilla_macrodon   

Chase et al., 2018, fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 8 1 1 --
  +----- Potamilus_alatus     
--+                           
  |  +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea **
  +--+                        
     +-- Lampsilis_powellii **   

Inoue et al., 2018, fig. 1, 3a-c

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 12 0 2 202 9 7 24.0
  +-- Dromus_dromas         
  |                         
  +-- Epioblasma_rangiana   
  |                         
  +-- Glebula_rotundata     
  |                         
  +-- Lampsilis_ovata **       
  |                         
  +-- Lampsilis_virescens **   
  |                         
  +-- Lemiox_rimosus        
--+                         
  +-- Obliquaria_reflexa    
  |                         
  +-- Obovaria_olivaria     
  |                         
  +-- Obovaria_unicolor     
  |                         
  +-- Plectomerus_dombeyanus
  |                         
  +-- Potamilus_alatus      
  |                         
  +-- Potamilus_capax       

Chase et al., 2018, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 9 0 0 --
  +-- Lampsilis_powellii **   
--+                        
  +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea **

Chase et al., 2018, fig. 1-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 9 0 0 --
  +-- Lampsilis_powellii **   
--+                        
  +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea **

Mejia-Trujillo & Smith, 2022, fig. 2-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
2 2 0 2 4 3 2 --
        +-- Potamilus_streckersoni     
  +-----+                              
  |     +-- Potamilus_alatus           
--+                                    
  |  +----- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis
  +--+                                 
     |  +-- Lampsilis_powellii **         
     +--+                              
        +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea **      

Graf & Cummings, 2006, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 46 7 7 --
  +----- Epioblasma_triquetra   
--+                             
  |  +-- Lampsilis_cardium **      
  +--+                          
     +-- Ortmanniana_ligamentina

Graf, 2000, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 17 0 0 --
-- Lampsilis

Graf & Ó Foighil, 2000, fig. 1, 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 11 0 0 --
-- Lampsilis_cardium

Graf, 2002, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 17 1 1 --
  +-- Lampsilis_cardium ** 
--+                     
  +-- Obliquaria_reflexa

Lydeard et al., 2000, fig. 2a

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 16 2 1 --
  +----- Lampsilis_teres **  
--+                       
  |  +-- Obovaria_unicolor
  +--+                    
     +-- Obovaria_olivaria

Lydeard et al., 2000, fig. 2b

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 16 2 1 --
  +----- Lampsilis_teres **  
--+                       
  |  +-- Obovaria_unicolor
  +--+                    
     +-- Obovaria_olivaria

Lydeard et al., 2000, fig. 2c

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 15 2 1 --
  +----- Obovaria_unicolor
--+                       
  |  +-- Obovaria_olivaria
  +--+                    
     +-- Lampsilis_teres **  

Lydeard et al., 2000, fig. 2d

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 15 2 1 --
  +----- Lampsilis_teres **  
--+                       
  |  +-- Obovaria_unicolor
  +--+                    
     +-- Obovaria_olivaria

Huang et al., 2002, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 33 7 6 --
  +-------- Potamilus_purpuratus
--+                             
  |  +----- Lampsilis_teres **     
  +--+                          
     |  +-- Villosa_delumbis    
     +--+                       
        +-- Ellipsaria_lineolata

Huang et al., 2002, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 33 7 6 --
  +-- Villosa_delumbis        
  |                           
  +-- Ellipsaria_lineolata    
  |                           
--+-- Lampsilis_teres **         
  |                           
  +-- Potamilus_purpuratus    
  |                           
  +-- Ptychobranchus_subtentus

Buhay et al., 2002, fig. 2A

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 9 9 3 --
  +-------- Lampsilis_siliquoidea **     
  |                                   
  |     +-- Cambarunio_taeniatus      
  +-----+                             
  |     +-- Villosa_villosa           
--+                                   
  |  +----- Epioblasma_triquetra      
  |  |                                
  |  +----- Epioblasma_brevidens      
  |  |                                
  +--+  +-- Epioblasma_capsaeformis[1]
     |  |                             
     |  +-- Epioblasma_capsaeformis[2]
     |  |                             
     +--+-- Epioblasma_capsaeformis[3]
        |                             
        +-- Epioblasma_walkeri[1]     
        |                             
        +-- Epioblasma_walkeri[2]     

Buhay et al., 2002, fig. 2B

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 9 9 3 --
  +-------------- Lampsilis_siliquoidea **     
  |                                         
  |           +-- Cambarunio_taeniatus      
  +-----------+                             
--+           +-- Villosa_villosa           
  |                                         
  |  +----------- Epioblasma_brevidens      
  |  |                                      
  +--+  +-------- Epioblasma_triquetra      
     |  |                                   
     +--+  +----- Epioblasma_capsaeformis[3]
        |  |                                
        +--+  +-- Epioblasma_capsaeformis[1]
           |  |                             
           |  +-- Epioblasma_capsaeformis[2]
           +--+                             
              +-- Epioblasma_walkeri[1]     
              |                             
              +-- Epioblasma_walkeri[2]     

Walker et al., 2006, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 14 4 4 --
  +----- Ligumia_recta          
--+                             
  |  +-- Ortmanniana_ligamentina
  +--+                          
     +-- Lampsilis_teres **        

Walker et al., 2006, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 14 4 4 --
  +----- Ligumia_recta          
--+                             
  |  +-- Ortmanniana_ligamentina
  +--+                          
     +-- Lampsilis_teres **        

Walker et al., 2006, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 14 4 4 --
  +----- Ligumia_recta          
--+                             
  |  +-- Ortmanniana_ligamentina
  +--+                          
     +-- Lampsilis_teres **        

Walker et al., 2006, fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 37 4 4 --
  +-------- Potamilus_purpuratus   
--+                                
  |  +----- Lampsilis_teres **        
  +--+                             
     |  +-- Ligumia_recta          
     +--+                          
        +-- Ortmanniana_ligamentina

Walker et al., 2006, fig. 6-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 14 4 4 --
  +----- Ligumia_recta          
--+                             
  |  +-- Lampsilis_teres **        
  +--+                          
     +-- Ortmanniana_ligamentina

Manendo et al., 2008, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 12 1 1 --
  +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea **
--+                        
  +-- Sagittunio_nasutus   

Hoeh et al., 2002, fig. 1-F

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 8 4 4 --
  +-------- Ortmanniana_ligamentina
--+                                
  |  +----- Lampsilis_teres **        
  +--+                             
     |  +-- Potamilus_purpuratus   
     +--+                          
        +-- Ligumia_recta          

Hoeh et al., 2002, fig. 1-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 8 4 4 --
  +----- Ligumia_recta          
--+                             
  |  +-- Lampsilis_teres **        
  +--+                          
     +-- Ortmanniana_ligamentina

Burdick & White, 2007, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 39 0 0 --
-- Lampsilis_ornata

Krebs, 2004, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 4 0 0 --
-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea

Krebs, 2004, fig. 2-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 3 0 0 --
-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea

Roe & Lydeard, 1998, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 10 9 2 --
  +----------- Potamilus_capax        
  |                                   
  +----------- Lampsilis_ornata **       
--+                                   
  |  +-------- Potamilus_fragilis     
  |  |                                
  |  |  +----- Potamilus_inflatus     
  +--+  |                             
     |  |  +-- Potamilus_ohiensis     
     |  +--+                          
     +--+  +-- Potamilus_amphichaenus 
        |                             
        |  +-- Potamilus_purpuratus[1]
        |  |                          
        +--+-- Potamilus_purpuratus[2]
           |                          
           +-- Potamilus_alatus       

Huff et al., 2004, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 13 0 0 --
-- Lampsilis_cardium

Huff et al., 2004, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 10 0 0 --
-- Lampsilis_cardium

Huff et al., 2004, fig. 5-6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 11 0 0 --
-- Lampsilis_cardium

Curole & Kocher, 2002, fig. 1-F

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 3 0 0 --
-- Lampsilis_teres

Curole & Kocher, 2002, fig. 1a-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 3 0 0 --
-- Lampsilis_teres

Curole & Kocher, 2002, fig. 1b-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 3 0 0 --
-- Lampsilis_teres

Hoeh et al., 2009, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 46 7 7 --
  +----------- Ortmanniana_ligamentina
--+                                   
  |  +-------- Lampsilis_cardium **      
  +--+                                
     |  +----- Cambarunio_iris        
     +--+                             
        |  +-- Ligumia_recta          
        +--+                          
           +-- Epioblasma_triquetra   

Hoeh et al., 2009, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 45 7 7 --
  +----------- Ortmanniana_ligamentina
--+                                   
  |  +-------- Lampsilis_cardium **      
  +--+                                
     |  +----- Cambarunio_iris        
     +--+                             
        |  +-- Ligumia_recta          
        +--+                          
           +-- Epioblasma_triquetra   

Cyr et al., 2007, fig. 2A

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 5 0 0 --
-- Lampsilis_ornata

Campbell & Lydeard, 2012, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 43 4 3 --
  +-------- Lemiox_rimosus   
--+                          
  |  +----- Lampsilis_ovata **  
  +--+                       
     |  +-- Obovaria_unicolor
     +--+                    
        +-- Obovaria_olivaria

Campbell & Lydeard, 2012, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 43 4 3 --
  +-------- Lemiox_rimosus   
--+                          
  |  +----- Lampsilis_ovata **  
  +--+                       
     |  +-- Obovaria_unicolor
     +--+                    
        +-- Obovaria_olivaria

Campbell & Lydeard, 2012, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 50 4 3 --
  +----- Obovaria_olivaria
--+                       
  |  +-- Lampsilis_ovata **  
  +--+                    
     +-- Lemiox_rimosus   

Campbell & Lydeard, 2012, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 43 4 3 --
  +-------- Lemiox_rimosus   
--+                          
  |  +----- Lampsilis_ovata **  
  +--+                       
     |  +-- Obovaria_unicolor
     +--+                    
        +-- Obovaria_olivaria

Plazzi & Passamonti, 2010, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 1 0 0 --
-- Lampsilis_ornata

Plazzi & Passamonti, 2010, fig. 2-3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 3 0 0 --
-- Lampsilis_ornata

Whelan et al., 2011, fig. 1 ML

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 35 1 1 --
  +-- Truncilla_truncata
--+                     
  +-- Lampsilis_cardium ** 

Whelan et al., 2011, fig. 1 MP

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 35 1 1 --
  +-- Lampsilis_cardium ** 
--+                     
  +-- Truncilla_truncata

Jiang et al., 2010, fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 3 0 0 --
-- Lampsilis_ornata

Burlakova et al., 2012, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 44 1 1 --
-- Lampsilis_ovata

Inoue et al., 2013, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 16 9 5 --
  +----------------- Lampsilis_ornata **      
  |                                        
--+  +-------------- Leaunio_vanuxemensis  
  |  |                                     
  |  |           +-- Villosa_villosa       
  +--+-----------+                         
     |           +-- Cambarunio_iris       
     |                                     
     |  +----------- Obovaria_olivaria     
     +--+                                  
        |  +-------- Obovaria_arkansasensis
        +--+                               
           |  +----- Obovaria_retusa       
           +--+                            
              |  +-- Obovaria_unicolor     
              +--+                         
                 +-- Obovaria_subrotunda   

Zanatta & Harris, 2013, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 4 3 2 --
  +-------- Lampsilis_cardium **          
--+                                    
  |  +----- Epioblasma_rangiana        
  +--+                                 
     |  +-- Venustaconcha_pleasii      
     +--+                              
        +-- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis

Pfeiffer & Graf, 2013, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 34 1 1 --
  +-- Lampsilis_ornata **  
--+                     
  +-- Truncilla_truncata

Pfeiffer & Graf, 2015, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 39 2 2 --
  +----- Potamilus_alatus  
--+                        
  |  +-- Lampsilis_cardium ** 
  +--+                     
     +-- Truncilla_truncata

Chen et al., 2012, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 6 1 1 --
  +-- Lampsilis_ornata **           
--+                              
  +-- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis

Huang et al., 2013, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 15 2 2 --
  +----- Toxolasma_parvum           
--+                                 
  |  +-- Lampsilis_ornata **           
  +--+                              
     +-- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis

Inoue et al., 2014, fig. 3A

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 20 0 0 --
-- Lampsilis_ornata

Xue et al., 2016, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 15 1 1 --
  +-- Lampsilis_ornata **           
--+                              
  +-- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis

Pfeiffer et al., 2016, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 37 5 5 --
     +-- Lampsilis_teres **   
  +--+                     
  |  +-- Leaunio_lienosus  
--+                        
  |  +-- Truncilla_macrodon
  +--+                     
     +-- Potamilus_fragilis

Takeuchi et al., 2015, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 11 0 0 --
-- Lampsilis_cardium

Takeuchi et al., 2015, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 14 0 0 --
-- Lampsilis_cardium

Wei et al., 2016, fig. 0

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 5 0 0 --
-- Lampsilis_ornata

Giribet & Distel, 2003, fig. 3.5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 5 0 0 --
-- Lampsilis_cardium

Plazzi et al., 2011, fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 17 2 2 --
  +----- Lampsilis_ornata **           
--+                                 
  |  +-- Epioblasma_rangiana        
  +--+                              
     +-- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis

Jadhav & Jamkhedkar, 2009, fig. 11

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 25 7 7 --
        +-- Lampsilis_cardium **      
  +-----+                          
  |     +-- Epioblasma_triquetra   
--+                                
  |  +----- Ligumia_recta          
  +--+                             
     |  +-- Obliquaria_reflexa     
     +--+                          
        +-- Ortmanniana_ligamentina

Sheng et al., 2014, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 7 1 1 --
-- Lampsilis_ornata

Zhou et al., 2016, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 19 2 2 --
  +----- Toxolasma_parvum           
--+                                 
  |  +-- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis
  +--+                              
     +-- Lampsilis_ornata **           

Wu et al., 2016, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 20 1 1 --
  +-- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis
--+                              
  +-- Lampsilis_ornata **           

Bolotov et al., 2016, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 29 0 0 --
-- Lampsilis_cardium

Bolotov et al., 2016, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 29 0 0 --
-- Lampsilis_cardium

Lopes-Lima et al., 2017, fig. 1-2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 80 2 2 --
  +----- Cambarunio_iris        
--+                             
  |  +-- Lampsilis_cardium **      
  +--+                          
     +-- Ortmanniana_ligamentina

Bolotov et al., 2017, fig. S1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 137 2 2 --
  +----- Ortmanniana_ligamentina
--+                             
  |  +-- Lampsilis_cardium **      
  +--+                          
     +-- Cambarunio_iris        

Bolotov et al., 2017, fig. S2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 137 2 2 --
  +----- Cambarunio_iris        
--+                             
  |  +-- Ortmanniana_ligamentina
  +--+                          
     +-- Lampsilis_cardium **      

Bolotov et al., 2017, fig. S1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 124 2 2 --
-- Lampsilis_cardium

Guerra et al., 2017, fig. 2a

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 24 2 2 --
  +----- Toxolasma_parvum           
--+                                 
  |  +-- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis
  +--+                              
     +-- Lampsilis_ornata **           

Guerra et al., 2017, fig. 2b

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 24 2 2 --
  +----- Toxolasma_parvum           
--+                                 
  |  +-- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis
  +--+                              
     +-- Lampsilis_ornata **           

Fonseca et al., 2016, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 31 2 2 --
  +----- Toxolasma_parvum           
--+                                 
  |  +-- Lampsilis_ornata **           
  +--+                              
     +-- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis

Zhou et al., 2017, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 16 1 1 --
  +-- Potamilus_leptodon
--+                     
  +-- Lampsilis_ornata **  

Amaro et al., 2017, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 15 2 2 --
  +----- Toxolasma_parvum           
--+                                 
  |  +-- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis
  +--+                              
     +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea **      

Amaro et al., 2017, fig. 2-M

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 9 1 1 --
  +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea **      
--+                              
  +-- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis

Lopes-Lima et al., 2017, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 32 2 2 --
  +----- Toxolasma_parvum           
--+                                 
  |  +-- Lampsilis_ornata **           
  +--+                              
     +-- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis

Wen et al., 2017, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 15 4 3 --
     +-- Lampsilis_ornata **           
  +--+                              
  |  +-- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis
--+                                 
  |  +-- Potamilus_leptodon         
  +--+                              
     +-- Potamilus_alatus           

Feng et al., 2016, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 14 1 1 --
  +-- Potamilus_leptodon
--+                     
  +-- Lampsilis_ornata **  

Araujo et al., 2017, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 13 0 0 --
-- Lampsilis_teres

Combosch et al., 2017, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 14 0 0 --
-- Lampsilis_cardium

Combosch et al., 2017, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 14 0 0 --
-- Lampsilis_cardium

Vikhrev et al., 2018, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 12 0 0 --
-- Lampsilis_cardium

Bolotov et al., 2018, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 84 2 2 --
-- Lampsilis_cardium

Huang et al., 2018, fig. 3, 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 28 0 0 --
-- Lampsilis_cardium

Huang et al., 2018, fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 42 4 3 --
     +-- Lampsilis_ornata **           
  +--+                              
  |  +-- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis
--+                                 
  |  +-- Potamilus_leptodon         
  +--+                              
     +-- Potamilus_alatus           

Lopes-Lima et al., 2018, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 27 0 0 --
-- Lampsilis_cardium

Lopes-Lima et al., 2018, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 27 0 0 --
-- Lampsilis_cardium

Wang et al., 2018, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 31 4 3 --
     +-- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis
  +--+                              
  |  +-- Lampsilis_ornata **           
--+                                 
  |  +-- Potamilus_leptodon         
  +--+                              
     +-- Potamilus_alatus           

Aunins et al., 2018, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 40 2 2 --
  +----- Toxolasma_parvum           
--+                                 
  |  +-- Lampsilis_ornata **           
  +--+                              
     +-- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis

Wu et al., 2019, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 46 4 3 --
     +-- Lampsilis_ornata **           
  +--+                              
  |  +-- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis
--+                                 
  |  +-- Potamilus_leptodon         
  +--+                              
     +-- Potamilus_alatus           

Wang et al., 2018, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 31 4 3 --
     +-- Potamilus_leptodon         
  +--+                              
  |  +-- Potamilus_alatus           
--+                                 
  |  +-- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis
  +--+                              
     +-- Lampsilis_ornata **           

Pfeiffer et al., 2019, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 38 11 10 --
        +-- Lampsilis_cardium **      
  +-----+                          
  |     +-- Ortmanniana_ligamentina
--+                                
  |  +----- Cambarunio_iris        
  +--+                             
     |  +-- Epioblasma_triquetra   
     +--+                          
        +-- Ligumia_recta          

Lopes-Lima et al., 2019, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 27 1 1 --
  +-- Lampsilis_ornata **  
--+                     
  +-- Potamilus_leptodon

Lopes-Lima et al., 2019, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 28 1 1 --
  +-- Lampsilis_ornata **  
--+                     
  +-- Potamilus_leptodon

Lopes-Lima et al., 2019, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 25 1 1 --
  +-- Lampsilis_ornata **  
--+                     
  +-- Potamilus_leptodon

Cha et al., 2018, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 38 3 2 --
  +-------- Toxolasma_parvum  
--+                           
  |  +----- Lampsilis_ornata **  
  +--+                        
     |  +-- Potamilus_alatus  
     +--+                     
        +-- Potamilus_leptodon

Froufe et al., 2019, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 44 4 3 --
     +-- Lampsilis_ornata **           
  +--+                              
  |  +-- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis
--+                                 
  |  +-- Potamilus_leptodon         
  +--+                              
     +-- Potamilus_alatus           

Froufe et al., 2019, fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 43 4 3 --
     +-- Potamilus_leptodon         
  +--+                              
  |  +-- Potamilus_alatus           
--+                                 
  |  +-- Lampsilis_ornata **           
  +--+                              
     +-- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis

Pfeiffer et al., 2019, fig. 4-5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 56 4 4 --
  +----- Leaunio_lienosus      
--+                            
  |  +-- Lampsilis_cardium **     
  +--+                         
     +-- Pachynaias_spheniopsis

Pfeiffer et al., 2019, fig. 6

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 56 4 4 --
  +----- Leaunio_lienosus      
--+                            
  |  +-- Lampsilis_cardium **     
  +--+                         
     +-- Pachynaias_spheniopsis

Metzger et al., 2018, fig. 1C

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 2 0 0 --
-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea

Lopes-Lima et al., 2020, fig. 2-4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 121 0 0 --
-- Lampsilis_cardium

Bolotov et al., 2020, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 35 2 2 --
-- Lampsilis_cardium

Lemer et al., 2019, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 5 0 0 --
-- Lampsilis_cardium

Wu et al., 2020, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 33 0 0 --
-- Lampsilis_cardium

Wu et al., 2020, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 49 4 3 --
     +-- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis
  +--+                              
  |  +-- Lampsilis_ornata **           
--+                                 
  |  +-- Potamilus_alatus           
  +--+                              
     +-- Potamilus_leptodon         

Wu et al., 2020, fig. S1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 33 0 0 --
-- Lampsilis_cardium

Inoue et al., 2020, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 28 11 10 --
-- Lampsilis_cardium

Inoue et al., 2020, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 28 10 9 --
  +-- Ortmanniana_ligamentina
--+                          
  +-- Lampsilis_cardium **      

Smith et al., 2020, fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 27 19 7 --
                    +-- Pachynaias_spheniopsis
  +-----------------+                         
  |                 +-- Lampsilis_cardium **     
  |                                           
  |        +----------- Ellipsaria_lineolata  
  |  +-----+                                  
--+  |     |  +-------- Truncilla_truncata    
  |  |     +--+                               
  |  |        |  +----- Truncilla_donaciformis
  |  |        +--+                            
  |  |           |  +-- Truncilla_cognata     
  |  |           +--+                         
  +--+              +-- Truncilla_macrodon    
     |                                        
     |  +-------------- Atlanticoncha_ochracea
     |  |                                     
     |  |           +-- Potamilus_fragilis    
     |  |     +-----+                         
     |  |     |     +-- Potamilus_leptodon    
     +--+  +--+                               
        |  |  |  +----- Potamilus_metnecktayi 
        |  |  +--+                            
        |  |     |  +-- Potamilus_alatus      
        |  |     +--+                         
        +--+        +-- Potamilus_purpuratus  
           |                                  
           |        +-- Potamilus_capax       
           |  +-----+                         
           |  |     +-- Potamilus_inflatus    
           +--+                               
              |  +----- Potamilus_ohiensis    
              +--+                            
                 |  +-- Potamilus_streckersoni
                 +--+                         
                    +-- Potamilus_amphichaenus

Smith et al., 2020, fig. 2-3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 27 19 7 --
                       +-- Pachynaias_spheniopsis
  +--------------------+                         
  |                    +-- Lampsilis_cardium **     
  |                                              
  |           +----------- Ellipsaria_lineolata  
  |  +--------+                                  
--+  |        |  +-------- Truncilla_truncata    
  |  |        +--+                               
  |  |           |  +----- Truncilla_donaciformis
  |  |           +--+                            
  |  |              |  +-- Truncilla_cognata     
  +--+              +--+                         
     |                 +-- Truncilla_macrodon    
     |                                           
     |  +----------------- Atlanticoncha_ochracea
     |  |                                        
     |  |              +-- Potamilus_capax       
     +--+  +-----------+                         
        |  |           +-- Potamilus_inflatus    
        |  |                                     
        |  |        +----- Potamilus_ohiensis    
        +--+  +-----+                            
           |  |     |  +-- Potamilus_streckersoni
           |  |     +--+                         
           |  |        +-- Potamilus_amphichaenus
           +--+                                  
              |        +-- Potamilus_fragilis    
              |  +-----+                         
              |  |     +-- Potamilus_leptodon    
              +--+                               
                 |  +----- Potamilus_metnecktayi 
                 +--+                            
                    |  +-- Potamilus_alatus      
                    +--+                         
                       +-- Potamilus_purpuratus  

Sano et al., 2020, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 74 0 0 --
-- Lampsilis_cardium

Sano et al., 2020, fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 74 0 0 --
-- Lampsilis_cardium

Sano et al., 2020, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 74 0 0 --
-- Lampsilis_cardium

Wu et al., 2018, fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 21 1 1 --
  +-- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis
--+                              
  +-- Lampsilis_ornata **           

Wu et al., 2020, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 13 0 0 --
-- Lampsilis_cardium

Zieritz et al., 2021, fig. 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 30 0 0 --
-- Lampsilis_ovata

Sonowal et al., 2021, fig. 3a

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 14 0 0 --
-- Lampsilis_cardium

Sonowal et al., 2021, fig. 3b

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 14 0 0 --
-- Lampsilis_cardium

Sonowal et al., 2021, fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 15 0 0 --
-- Lampsilis_cardium

Zieritz et al., 2021, fig. 3-F, 5

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 48 4 3 --
     +-- Potamilus_alatus           
  +--+                              
  |  +-- Potamilus_leptodon         
--+                                 
  |  +-- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis
  +--+                              
     +-- Lampsilis_ornata **           

Jeratthitikul et al., 2022, fig. S1, 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 75 2 2 --
  +----- Ortmanniana_ligamentina
--+                             
  |  +-- Cambarunio_iris        
  +--+                          
     +-- Lampsilis_cardium **      

Jeratthitikul et al., 2022, fig. S2, 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 75 2 2 --
  +----- Ortmanniana_ligamentina
--+                             
  |  +-- Lampsilis_cardium **      
  +--+                          
     +-- Cambarunio_iris        

Konopleva et al., 2023, fig. S1, 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 55 0 0 --
-- Lampsilis_ovata

Page updated: 09:30:46 Mon 13 Mar 2023

 
NSF icon MUSSEL icon
"Making the world a better place, one mollusk at a time."