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Page last updated
Sat 02 Mar 2024

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

Cladomics pages are experimental — even more so than the rest of this site!

The purpose of the cladomics pages for each genus and family-group level taxon is to provide statistics and references indicating the extent to which published phylogenetic work supports the classification used here.

The Cladomics Summary provides an overview of the number of studies that have included terminal species representing this taxon as well as an indication of how frequently it has been recovered as monophyletic.

Following the summary, the available published clades representing the taxon are listed.

For more information, visit the Cladomics FARQ (frequently asked rhetorical questions) page. Abbreviations for the various statistics are explained on the FARQ!

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Bivalvia | Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Ambleminae | Lampsilini

genus Ellipsaria Rafinesque, 1820: cladomics
     1 valid species

Cladomics Summary

number of species = 1

analyzed in 24 cladograms in 15 publications
maximum number of terminals in an analysis = 1, mean = 1.0


Campbell et al., 2005 [Publ 2660], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 116 48 22 --

*** Top Monophyly Cladogram *** *** Top Sister-Group Cladogram ***

                          +-- Ellipsaria_lineolata **          
  +-----------------------+                                 
  |                       +-- Truncilla_truncata            
  |                                                         
  |  +----------------------- Villosa_villosa               
  |  |                                                      
  |  |                    +-- Obovaria_olivaria             
--+  |     +--------------+                                 
  |  |     |              +-- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis[1]
  |  |     |                                                
  |  |  +--+           +----- Obovaria_unicolor             
  |  |  |  |  +--------+                                    
  |  |  |  |  |        |  +-- Obovaria_arkansasensis        
  +--+  |  |  |        +--+                                 
     |  |  +--+           +-- Obovaria_subrotunda           
     |  |     |                                             
     |  |     |  +----------- Epioblasma_brevidens          
     |  |     +--+                                          
     |  |        |  +-------- Epioblasma_triquetra          
     |  |        +--+                                       
     |  |           |  +----- Epioblasma_walkeri[2]         
     |  |           +--+                                    
     |  |              |  +-- Epioblasma_capsaeformis       
     +--+              +--+                                 
        |                 +-- Epioblasma_walkeri[1]         
        |                                                   
        |                 +-- Ligumia_recta                 
        |        +--------+                                 
        |        |        +-- Cambarunio_iris               
        |     +--+                                          
        |     |  |  +-------- Lampsilis_teres               
        |     |  +--+                                       
        |     |     |  +----- Ortmanniana_ligamentina       
        |     |     +--+                                    
        |     |        |  +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea         
        |     |        +--+                                 
        |     |           +-- Leaunio_vanuxemensis          
        +-----+                                             
              |           +-- Lampsilis_cardium             
              |        +--+                                 
              |        |  +-- Lampsilis_ovata               
              |  +-----+                                    
              |  |     |  +-- Ortmanniana_pectorosa         
              |  |     +--+                                 
              |  |        +-- Lampsilis_ornata              
              |  |                                          
              +--+     +----- Hamiota_australis[2]          
                 |  +--+                                    
                 |  |  |  +-- Hamiota_australis[1]          
                 |  |  +--+                                 
                 |  |     +-- Hamiota_subangulata           
                 +--+                                       
                    |  +----- Hamiota_altilis[2]            
                    |  |                                    
                    |  |  +-- Hamiota_altilis[1]            
                    +--+--+                                 
                       |  +-- Hamiota_perovalis[1]          
                       |                                    
                       |  +-- Hamiota_altilis[3]            
                       +--+                                 
                          +-- Hamiota_perovalis[2]          

Lydeard et al., 1996 [Publ 2656], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 26 8 6 --
  +----- Potamilus_purpuratus 
  |                           
  |  +-- Ellipsaria_lineolata ** 
--+--+                        
  |  +-- Villosa_delumbis     
  |                           
  |  +-- Lampsilis_teres      
  +--+                        
     +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea

Lydeard et al., 1996 [Publ 2656], fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 27 8 6 --
  +----------- Potamilus_purpuratus 
--+                                 
  |  +-------- Ellipsaria_lineolata ** 
  +--+                              
     |  +----- Villosa_delumbis     
     +--+                           
        |  +-- Lampsilis_teres      
        +--+                        
           +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea

Huang et al., 2002 [Publ 2657], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 33 7 6 --
  +----- Lampsilis_teres     
--+                          
  |  +-- Villosa_delumbis    
  +--+                       
     +-- Ellipsaria_lineolata **

Huang et al., 2002 [Publ 2657], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 33 7 6 --
  +-- Villosa_delumbis        
  |                           
  +-- Ellipsaria_lineolata **    
  |                           
--+-- Lampsilis_teres         
  |                           
  +-- Potamilus_purpuratus    
  |                           
  +-- Ptychobranchus_subtentus

Campbell et al., 2005 [Publ 2660], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 114 48 22 --
  +-------------- Sagittunio_nasutus            
  |                                             
  +-------------- Leaunio_vanuxemensis          
  |                                             
  |           +-- Ellipsaria_lineolata **          
  +-----------+                                 
  |           +-- Truncilla_truncata            
  |                                             
  |        +----- Lampsilis_teres               
  +--------+                                    
  |        |  +-- Ortmanniana_ligamentina       
  |        +--+                                 
  |           +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea         
  |                                             
  |        +----- Villosa_villosa               
  +--------+                                    
  |        |  +-- Ligumia_recta                 
  |        +--+                                 
  |           +-- Cambarunio_iris               
  |                                             
  |     +-------- Ortmanniana_pectorosa         
  +-----+                                       
  |     |  +----- Lampsilis_ornata              
  |     +--+                                    
  |        |  +-- Lampsilis_cardium             
  |        +--+                                 
  |           +-- Lampsilis_ovata               
  |                                             
  |           +-- Potamilus_fragilis            
  |        +--+                                 
  |        |  +-- Potamilus_leptodon            
  +--------+                                    
  |        |  +-- Potamilus_alatus              
  |        +--+                                 
  |           +-- Potamilus_purpuratus          
  |                                             
  |           +-- Ptychobranchus_fasciolaris    
--+  +--------+                                 
  |  |        +-- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis[1]
  |  |                                          
  +--+  +-------- Medionidus_conradicus         
  |  |  |                                       
  |  |  |     +-- Lemiox_rimosus                
  |  +--+-----+                                 
  |     |     +-- Medionidus_acutissimus        
  |     |                                       
  |     |  +----- Dromus_dromas                 
  |     +--+                                    
  |        |  +-- Cyprogenia_aberti             
  |        +--+                                 
  |           +-- Cyprogenia_stegaria           
  |                                             
  |        +----- Hamiota_australis[2]          
  |  +-----+                                    
  |  |     |  +-- Hamiota_australis[1]          
  |  |     +--+                                 
  |  |        +-- Hamiota_subangulata           
  +--+                                          
  |  |        +-- Hamiota_altilis[3]            
  |  |  +-----+                                 
  |  |  |     +-- Hamiota_perovalis[2]          
  |  +--+                                       
  |     |  +----- Hamiota_altilis[2]            
  |     +--+                                    
  |        |  +-- Hamiota_altilis[1]            
  |        +--+                                 
  |           +-- Hamiota_perovalis[1]          
  |                                             
  |  +----------- Obovaria_olivaria             
  |  |                                          
  |  +----------- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis[2]
  |  |                                          
  |  |     +----- Obovaria_unicolor             
  |  +-----+                                    
  +--+     |  +-- Obovaria_arkansasensis        
     |     +--+                                 
     |        +-- Obovaria_subrotunda           
     |                                          
     |        +-- Epioblasma_brevidens          
     |  +-----+                                 
     |  |     +-- Epioblasma_triquetra          
     +--+                                       
        |  +----- Epioblasma_walkeri[1]         
        +--+                                    
           |  +-- Epioblasma_walkeri[2]         
           +--+                                 
              +-- Epioblasma_capsaeformis       

Zanatta & Murphy, 2006 [Publ 2672], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 55 47 22 --
  +----- Lampsilis_teres     
--+                          
  |  +-- Truncilla_truncata  
  +--+                       
     +-- Ellipsaria_lineolata **

Zanatta & Murphy, 2006 [Publ 2672], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 56 47 22 --
                                +-- Truncilla_truncata         
  +-----------------------------+                              
  |                             +-- Ellipsaria_lineolata **       
  |                                                            
  |                             +-- Ortmanniana_pectorosa      
  |                       +-----+                              
  |                       |     +-- Lampsilis_fasciola         
  |  +--------------------+                                    
--+  |                    |  +----- Lampsilis_ornata           
  |  |                    +--+                                 
  |  |                       |  +-- Lampsilis_ovata            
  |  |                       +--+                              
  |  |                          +-- Lampsilis_cardium          
  |  |                                                         
  |  |                          +-- Ligumia_recta              
  +--+                 +--------+                              
     |                 |        +-- Cambarunio_iris            
     |  +--------------+                                       
     |  |              |  +-------- Lampsilis_teres            
     |  |              |  |                                    
     |  |              +--+     +-- Hamiota_australis          
     |  |                 |  +--+                              
     |  |                 |  |  +-- Hamiota_subangulata        
     +--+                 +--+                                 
        |                    |  +-- Hamiota_altilis            
        |                    +--+                              
        |                       +-- Hamiota_perovalis          
        |                                                      
        |  +----------------------- Leaunio_vanuxemensis       
        |  |                                                   
        +--+  +-------------------- Ortmanniana_ligamentina    
           |  |                                                
           +--+  +----------------- Lampsilis_siliquoidea      
              |  |                                             
              |  |  +-------------- Obovaria_olivaria          
              +--+  |                                          
                 |  +-------------- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis
                 |  |                                          
                 |  |        +----- Obovaria_unicolor          
                 +--+--------+                                 
                    |        |  +-- Obovaria_subrotunda        
                    |        +--+                              
                    |           +-- Obovaria_arkansasensis     
                    |                                          
                    |  +----------- Epioblasma_brevidens       
                    +--+                                       
                       |  +-------- Epioblasma_triquetra       
                       +--+                                    
                          |  +----- Epioblasma_rangiana        
                          +--+                                 
                             |  +-- Epioblasma_walkeri         
                             +--+                              
                                +-- Epioblasma_capsaeformis    

Krebs et al., 2003 [Publ 2691], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 33 10 7 --
           +-- Villosa_delumbis     
  +--------+                        
  |        +-- Ellipsaria_lineolata ** 
--+                                 
  |  +-------- Lampsilis_teres      
  +--+                              
     |  +----- Lampsilis_siliquoidea
     +--+                           
        |  +-- Potamilus_purpuratus 
        +--+                        
           +-- Potamilus_alatus     

Boyer et al., 2011 [Publ 2718], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 34 15 9 --
  +-------- Obovaria_olivaria      
  |                                
  +-------- Lampsilis_cardium      
  |                                
  |     +-- Epioblasma_triquetra   
  +-----+                          
  |     +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea  
  |                                
  |     +-- Ortmanniana_ligamentina
  +-----+                          
  |     +-- Lampsilis_higginsii    
--+                                
  |     +-- Ligumia_recta          
  +-----+                          
  |     +-- Lampsilis_teres        
  |                                
  |  +----- Potamilus_fragilis     
  +--+                             
  |  |  +-- Potamilus_ohiensis     
  |  +--+                          
  |     +-- Potamilus_alatus       
  |                                
  |  +----- Ellipsaria_lineolata **   
  +--+                             
     |  +-- Truncilla_truncata     
     +--+                          
        +-- Truncilla_donaciformis 

Boyer et al., 2011 [Publ 2718], fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 37 15 9 --
           +----- Ellipsaria_lineolata **   
  +--------+                             
  |        |  +-- Truncilla_donaciformis 
  |        +--+                          
  |           +-- Truncilla_truncata     
--+                                      
  |  +----------- Lampsilis_cardium      
  |  |                                   
  |  |     +----- Ligumia_recta          
  |  +-----+                             
  +--+     |  +-- Obovaria_olivaria      
     |     +--+                          
     |        +-- Epioblasma_triquetra   
     |                                   
     |  +-------- Lampsilis_teres        
     +--+                                
        |  +----- Lampsilis_siliquoidea  
        +--+                             
           |  +-- Ortmanniana_ligamentina
           +--+                          
              +-- Lampsilis_higginsii    

Breton et al., 2011 [Publ 3376], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 38 12 7 --
           +-------- Toxolasma_paulum[2]        
  +--------+                                    
  |        |  +----- Toxolasma_lividum          
  |        +--+                                 
  |           |  +-- Toxolasma_parvum           
--+           +--+                              
  |              +-- Toxolasma_paulum[1]        
  |                                             
  |  +-------------- Ellipsaria_lineolata **       
  |  |                                          
  +--+  +----------- Truncilla_macrodon         
     |  |                                       
     |  |        +-- Lemiox_rimosus             
     +--+  +-----+                              
        |  |     +-- Potamilus_metnecktayi      
        |  |                                    
        +--+     +-- Cambarunio_iris            
           |  +--+                              
           |  |  +-- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis
           +--+                                 
              |  +-- Lampsilis_powellii         
              |  |                              
              +--+-- Lampsilis_ornata           
                 |                              
                 +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea      

Szumowski et al., 2012 [Publ 3569], fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 15 14 9 --
  +----------------------- Ellipsaria_lineolata **   
  |                                               
--+  +-------------------- Truncilla_truncata     
  |  |                                            
  +--+  +----------------- Obliquaria_reflexa     
     |  |                                         
     |  |  +-------------- Potamilus_alatus       
     +--+  |                                      
        |  |        +----- Lampsilis_ornata       
        |  |  +-----+                             
        |  |  |     |  +-- Lampsilis_cardium      
        +--+  |     +--+                          
           |  |        +-- Lampsilis_ovata        
           |  |                                   
           |  |  +-------- Lampsilis_teres        
           |  +--+                                
           +--+  |  +----- Lampsilis_siliquoidea  
              |  +--+                             
              |     |  +-- Ortmanniana_ligamentina
              |     +--+                          
              |        +-- Lampsilis_higginsii    
              |                                   
              |     +----- Hamiota_altilis        
              |     |                             
              +-----+  +-- Epioblasma_triquetra   
                    |  |                          
                    +--+-- Cambarunio_iris        
                       |                          
                       +-- Ligumia_recta          

Huang et al., 2019 [Publ 3843], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 203 13 11 --
  +----------- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis
  |                                       
  +----------- Leaunio_lienosus           
  |                                       
  |        +-- Ellipsaria_lineolata **       
  +--------+                              
--+        +-- Truncilla_truncata         
  |                                       
  |        +-- Medionidus_conradicus      
  +--------+                              
  |        +-- Ptychobranchus_subtentus   
  |                                       
  |  +-------- Cambarunio_iris            
  +--+                                    
     |  +----- Ortmanniana_ligamentina    
     +--+                                 
        |  +-- Lampsilis_cardium          
        +--+                              
           +-- Lampsilis_ornata           

Huang et al., 2019 [Publ 3843], fig. S3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 200 13 11 --
              +-- Ellipsaria_lineolata **       
  +-----------+                              
  |           +-- Truncilla_truncata         
--+                                          
  |  +----------- Leaunio_lienosus           
  |  |                                       
  +--+        +-- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis
     |  +-----+                              
     |  |     +-- Cambarunio_iris            
     +--+                                    
        |  +----- Ortmanniana_ligamentina    
        +--+                                 
           |  +-- Lampsilis_cardium          
           +--+                              
              +-- Lampsilis_ornata           

Huang et al., 2019 [Publ 3843], fig. S4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 201 13 11 --
  +-------- Ellipsaria_lineolata **       
  |                                    
  +-------- Potamilus_leptodon         
  |                                    
  +-------- Medionidus_conradicus      
  |                                    
  +-------- Potamilus_alatus           
  |                                    
  +-------- Ptychobranchus_subtentus   
--+                                    
  +-------- Truncilla_truncata         
  |                                    
  +-------- Venustaconcha_ellipsiformis
  |                                    
  +-------- Cambarunio_iris            
  |                                    
  +-------- Leaunio_lienosus           
  |                                    
  |  +----- Ortmanniana_ligamentina    
  +--+                                 
     |  +-- Lampsilis_cardium          
     +--+                              
        +-- Lampsilis_ornata           

Chase et al., 2018 [Publ 3847], fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 38 11 7 --
  +----- Cambarunio_iris     
--+                          
  |  +-- Ellipsaria_lineolata **
  +--+                       
     +-- Truncilla_macrodon  

Burlakova et al., 2019 [Publ 3899], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 32 25 17 --
              +-- Potamilus_fragilis    
  +-----------+                         
  |           +-- Potamilus_metnecktayi 
  |                                     
  |        +----- Medionidus_acutissimus
  +--------+                            
  |        |  +-- Lemiox_rimosus        
  |        +--+                         
  |           +-- Dromus_dromas         
  |                                     
  |        +----- Ellipsaria_lineolata **  
  |        |                            
  +--------+  +-- Truncilla_cognata     
  |        |  |                         
--+        |  +-- Truncilla_donaciformis
  |        +--+                         
  |           +-- Truncilla_macrodon    
  |           |                         
  |           +-- Truncilla_truncata    
  |                                     
  |  +----------- Cambarunio_simus      
  |  |                                  
  |  +----------- Leaunio_lienosus      
  |  |                                  
  |  +----------- Villosa_villosa       
  |  |                                  
  |  |        +-- Sagittunio_nasutus    
  |  +--------+                         
  +--+        +-- Lampsilis_ovata       
     |                                  
     |     +----- Venustaconcha_pleasii 
     +-----+                            
     |     |  +-- Epioblasma_rangiana   
     |     +--+                         
     |        +-- Obovaria_unicolor     
     |                                  
     |  +-------- Lampsilis_teres       
     +--+                               
        |  +----- Lampsilis_siliquoidea 
        +--+                            
           |  +-- Lampsilis_hydiana     
           +--+                         
              +-- Lampsilis_straminea   

Inoue et al., 2020 [Publ 3941], fig. 3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 43 28 6 --
                       +-------- Ellipsaria_lineolata **   
  +--------------------+                                
  |                    |  +----- Truncilla_macrodon     
  |                    +--+                             
  |                       |  +-- Truncilla_donaciformis 
  |                       +--+                          
  |                          +-- Truncilla_cognata      
--+                                                     
  |  +-------------------------- Leaunio_lienosus       
  |  |                                                  
  |  |     +-------------------- Lampsilis_bracteata    
  |  |     |                                            
  |  |  +--+  +----------------- Lampsilis_fasciola     
  |  |  |  |  |                                         
  +--+  |  +--+  +-------------- Lampsilis_ornata       
     |  |     |  |                                      
     |  |     +--+           +-- Lampsilis_ovata        
     |  |        |  +--------+                          
     |  |        |  |        +-- Lampsilis_cariosa      
     |  |        +--+                                   
     |  |           |  +-------- Lampsilis_cardium[3]   
     +--+           +--+                                
        |              |  +----- Lampsilis_cardium[2]   
        |              +--+                             
        |                 |  +-- Lampsilis_satura       
        |                 +--+                          
        |                    +-- Lampsilis_cardium[1]   
        |                                               
        |                    +-- Lampsilis_higginsii    
        |     +--------------+                          
        |     |              +-- Ortmanniana_ligamentina
        +-----+                                         
              |  +-------------- Lampsilis_teres        
              |  |                                      
              +--+           +-- Lampsilis_radiata      
                 |  +--------+                          
                 |  |        +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea  
                 +--+                                   
                    |  +-------- Lampsilis_bergmanni    
                    +--+                                
                       |  +----- Lampsilis_hydiana      
                       +--+                             
                          |  +-- Lampsilis_virescens    
                          +--+                          
                             +-- Lampsilis_straminea    

Inoue et al., 2020 [Publ 3941], fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 42 27 6 --
  +----------------------------------- Toxolasma_lividum      
  |                                                           
  |  +-------------------------------- Ellipsaria_lineolata **   
--+  |                                                        
  |  |                          +----- Truncilla_cognata      
  |  |  +-----------------------+                             
  |  |  |                       |  +-- Truncilla_macrodon     
  +--+  |                       +--+                          
     |  |                          +-- Truncilla_donaciformis 
     |  |                                                     
     |  |                    +-------- Potamilus_fragilis     
     |  |                    |                                
     +--+  +-----------------+     +-- Potamilus_ohiensis     
        |  |                 |  +--+                          
        |  |                 |  |  +-- Potamilus_amphichaenus 
        |  |                 +--+                             
        |  |                    |  +-- Potamilus_metnecktayi  
        |  |                    +--+                          
        |  |                       +-- Potamilus_purpuratus   
        +--+                                                  
           |  +----------------------- Leaunio_lienosus       
           |  |                                               
           |  |     +----------------- Lampsilis_bracteata    
           |  |     |                                         
           |  |  +--+              +-- Lampsilis_ornata       
           |  |  |  |  +-----------+                          
           +--+  |  |  |           +-- Lampsilis_fasciola     
              |  |  +--+                                      
              |  |     |  +----------- Lampsilis_ovata        
              |  |     +--+                                   
              |  |        |  +-------- Lampsilis_cardium[3]   
              |  |        +--+                                
              +--+           |  +----- Lampsilis_cardium[2]   
                 |           +--+                             
                 |              |  +-- Lampsilis_satura       
                 |              +--+                          
                 |                 +-- Lampsilis_cardium[1]   
                 |                                            
                 |     +-------------- Lampsilis_teres        
                 |     |                                      
                 |     |           +-- Lampsilis_higginsii    
                 +-----+  +--------+                          
                       |  |        +-- Ortmanniana_ligamentina
                       |  |                                   
                       +--+        +-- Lampsilis_radiata      
                          |  +-----+                          
                          |  |     +-- Lampsilis_siliquoidea  
                          |  |                                
                          +--+     +-- Lampsilis_hydiana      
                             |  +--+                          
                             |  |  +-- Lampsilis_bergmanni    
                             +--+                             
                                |  +-- Lampsilis_virescens    
                                +--+                          
                                   +-- Lampsilis_straminea    

Smith et al., 2019 [Publ 3951], fig. 2

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 41 36 19 --
  +-------------- Atlanticoncha_ochracea
--+                                     
  |  +----------- Ellipsaria_lineolata **  
  +--+                                  
     |  +-------- Truncilla_truncata    
     +--+                               
        |  +----- Truncilla_cognata     
        +--+                            
           |  +-- Truncilla_macrodon    
           +--+                         
              +-- Truncilla_donaciformis

Smith et al., 2020 [Publ 4129], fig. 1

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 27 19 7 --
        +----------- Ellipsaria_lineolata **  
  +-----+                                  
  |     |  +-------- Truncilla_truncata    
  |     +--+                               
  |        |  +----- Truncilla_donaciformis
  |        +--+                            
  |           |  +-- Truncilla_cognata     
  |           +--+                         
--+              +-- Truncilla_macrodon    
  |                                        
  |  +-------------- Atlanticoncha_ochracea
  |  |                                     
  |  |           +-- Potamilus_fragilis    
  |  |     +-----+                         
  |  |     |     +-- Potamilus_leptodon    
  +--+  +--+                               
     |  |  |  +----- Potamilus_metnecktayi 
     |  |  +--+                            
     |  |     |  +-- Potamilus_alatus      
     |  |     +--+                         
     +--+        +-- Potamilus_purpuratus  
        |                                  
        |        +-- Potamilus_capax       
        |  +-----+                         
        |  |     +-- Potamilus_inflatus    
        +--+                               
           |  +----- Potamilus_ohiensis    
           +--+                            
              |  +-- Potamilus_streckersoni
              +--+                         
                 +-- Potamilus_amphichaenus

Smith et al., 2020 [Publ 4129], fig. 2-3

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 27 19 7 --
           +----------- Ellipsaria_lineolata **  
  +--------+                                  
  |        |  +-------- Truncilla_truncata    
  |        +--+                               
  |           |  +----- Truncilla_donaciformis
  |           +--+                            
  |              |  +-- Truncilla_cognata     
--+              +--+                         
  |                 +-- Truncilla_macrodon    
  |                                           
  |  +----------------- Atlanticoncha_ochracea
  |  |                                        
  |  |              +-- Potamilus_capax       
  +--+  +-----------+                         
     |  |           +-- Potamilus_inflatus    
     |  |                                     
     |  |        +----- Potamilus_ohiensis    
     +--+  +-----+                            
        |  |     |  +-- Potamilus_streckersoni
        |  |     +--+                         
        |  |        +-- Potamilus_amphichaenus
        +--+                                  
           |        +-- Potamilus_fragilis    
           |  +-----+                         
           |  |     +-- Potamilus_leptodon    
           +--+                               
              |  +----- Potamilus_metnecktayi 
              +--+                            
                 |  +-- Potamilus_alatus      
                 +--+                         
                    +-- Potamilus_purpuratus  

Saxon et al., 2023 [Publ 4338], fig. 4

iT tT bi riS oT roT roS iD
1 1 0 1 4 4 1 --
  +----------- Ellipsaria_lineolata **  
--+                                  
  |  +-------- Truncilla_truncata    
  +--+                               
     |  +----- Truncilla_macrodon    
     +--+                            
        |  +-- Truncilla_cognata     
        +--+                         
           +-- Truncilla_donaciformis

Page updated: 11:30:47 Sat 02 Mar 2024

 
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