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Page last updated
9 August
2018

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The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World
(and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the search fields. Either way, you win!

Taxa known only as fossils are highlighted in gray. Those without representatives in fresh waters are highlighted in gold.

 

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Bivalvia | Unionoida | Unionidae | Unio
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NOTICE! This version of the MUSSELpdb online is no longer supported or up-to-date. It will be removed from this web site in the summer of 2019.

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Unio tumidus Retzius, 1788: species synonymy
  View specimens: 24 specimens, Red List Status: least concern

   Recent References
   = Unio tumidus Philipsson, 1788. — Bolotov et al. (2018).
   = Unio tumidus Retzius, 1788. — Zieritz et al. (2018).
   = Unio tumidus. — Huang et al. (2018).
   = Unio tumidus. — Soroka & Burzynski (2018).
   = Unio tumidus Philipsson, 1788. — Lopes-Lima et al. (2017).
   = Unio tumidus Philipsson, 1788. — Bolotov et al. (2017).
   = Unio tumidus Retzius, 1788. — Araujo et al. (2017).
   = Unio tumidus. — Lopes-Lima et al. (2017).
   = Unio tumidus Philipsson, 1788. — Bolotov et al. (2017).
   = Unio tumidus. — Burzynski et al. (2017).

Mytilus angustior Lister, 1685.
Lister, 1685, Conch.: [pre-linnaean].
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio tumidus Retzius, 1788.
Philipsson in Retzius, 1788, Diss. Nat.-Hist. Test. Gen.: 17.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio conus Spengler, 1793.
Lister, 1685, Conch.: pl. 146, fig. 1 [pre-linnaean].
Spengler, 1793, Skr. Naturhist. Selsk.: 60, no. 26.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Mya depressa Donovan, 1801.
Donovan, 1801, Brit. Shells: pl. 101.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Mya ovata Donovan, 1802.
Donovan, 1802, Brit. Shells: pl. 122.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Mya ovalis Montagu, 1803.
Philipsson in Retzius, 1788, Diss. Nat.-Hist. Test. Gen.: .
Pultney, 1799, Cat. Birds. Shells. Dorsetshire: 27 [nomen nudum].
Montagu, 1803, Test. Brit.: 34.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio rostratus Studer, 1820.
Studer, 1820, Naturw. Anz. Schweiz. Ges. Ges. Naturwiss.: 93.
(prim. homonym of Unio rostrata Lamarck, 1819)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Mysca solida Turton, 1822.
Montagu, 1803, Test. Brit.: 36 [as ‘Mya solida’].
Turton, 1822, Conch. Ins. Brit.: 246, pl. 16, fig. 2.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio rostrata Waardenburg, 1827.
Waardenburg, 1827, Moll. Belgique: 36.
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio rostrata Lamarck, 1819)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio inflata Hecart, 1833.
Hecart, 1833, Mém. Soc. Agricult. Valanciennes: 245.
(prim. homonym of Unio inflatus Barnes, 1823)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio batavus Rossmässler, 1836.
Rossmässler, 1836, Icon. Land- und Süssw.-Moll.: pl. 15, fig. 214.
(mis-ID'd reference to Mya batava Maton & Rackett, 1807)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio limagnae Jay, 1835.
Jay, 1835, Cat. Rec. Shells: 16 [as ‘limagnæ’].
‘Bouillet’ Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 36 [as ‘limagnæ’].
(error for Unio limaniae Dupuy, 1852)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio tumidus Rossmässler, 1836.
Rossmässler, 1836, Icon. Land- und Süssw.-Moll.: pl. 14, fig. 203.
Rossmässler, 1838, Icon. Land- und Süssw.-Moll.: 41, pl. 40, fig. 542.
Rossmässler, 1844, Icon. Land- und Süssw.-Moll.: pl. 60, fig. 773.
Dupuy, 1852, Hist. Natur. Moll. France: pl. 28, fig. 20.
Turton, 1857, Man. Land Fresh-Water Shells Brit. Is.: pl. 2, fig. 13.
Forbes & Hanley, 1859, Brit. Moll.: pl. 40, fig. 1.
(reference to Unio tumidus Retzius, 1788)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio muelleri Rossmässler, 1838.
Rossmässler, 1838, Icon. Land- und Süssw.-Moll.: 41, pl. 40, fig. 541.
Rossmässler, 1842, Icon. Land- und Süssw.-Moll.: 13, pl. 54, fig. 739.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio pictorum Brown, 1844.
Brown, 1844, Ill. Rec. Conch.: 81, pl. 31, figs. 8-11.
(mis-ID'd reference to Mya pictorum Linnaeus, 1758)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio tumidus Mousson, 1849.
Mousson, 1849, Land-Süßw.-Moll. Java: 95, pl. 17 [16], fig. 1.
(reference to Unio tumidus Retzius, 1788)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio zelebori Zelebor, 1851.
‘Parreyss’ Zelebor, 1851, Ber. Mit. Freunde Naturw. Wien: 231, sp. 8 [nomen nudum].
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio tumidus var. corrosus Zelebor, 1851.
Zelebor, 1851, Ber. Mit. Freunde Naturw. Wien: 230, sp. 7.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio tumidus Retzius, 1788; prim. homonym of Unio corrosus Villa, 1841)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio tumidus var. solidus Zelebor, 1851.
Zelebor, 1851, Ber. Mit. Freunde Naturw. Wien: 230, sp. 6.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio tumidus Retzius, 1788; prim. homonym of Unio solidus Lea, 1838)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio limaniae Dupuy, 1852.
Bouill., 1836, Cat. Moll. Auv.: 81 [nomen nudum].
‘Bouillet’ Dupuy, 1852, Hist. Natur. Moll. France: 653 [as ‘limaniæ’].
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio tumidus var. lacustris Rossmässler, 1854.
Rossmässler, 1854, Icon. Land- und Süssw.-Moll.: no. 16.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Mya pictorum Linnaeus, 1758)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio pictorum var. niger de Joannis, 1859.
de Joannis, 1859, Ann. Soc. Linn. Maine-et-Loire: 294, pl. 12, fig. 2.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Mya pictorum Linnaeus, 1758; prim. homonym of Unio nigra Rafinesque, 1820)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio pictorum var. vinceleus de Joannis, 1859.
de Joannis, 1859, Ann. Soc. Linn. Maine-et-Loire: 294, pl. 12, figs. 4-5.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Mya pictorum Linnaeus, 1758; renamed Unio vinceloti Germain, 1904)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio pictorum var. vinceleus de Joannis, 1859.
de Joannis, 1859, Ann. Soc. Linn. Maine-et-Loire: pl. 12, fig. 5 [in part].
(reference to Unio vinceleus de Joannis, 1859)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio tumidus var. saccatus Rossmässler, 1859.
Rossmässler, 1859, Icon. Land- und Süssw.-Moll.: 138, pl. 89, fig. 969.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio tumidus Retzius, 1788)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio tumidus picta Mörch, 1863.
Beck in Mörch, 1863, Vidensk. Medd. Naturhist. Foren. Kjöben.: 339.
Mörch, 1864, Syn. Moll. Daniae: 77.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio tumidus Retzius, 1788; prim. homonym of Unio pictus Lea, 1834)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio conus compressa Mörch, 1863.
Mörch, 1863, Vidensk. Medd. Naturhist. Foren. Kjöben.: 340.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio conus Spengler, 1793; prim. homonym of Unio compressus Rafinesque, 1831)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio conus compressissima Mörch, 1863.
Mörch, 1863, Vidensk. Medd. Naturhist. Foren. Kjöben.: 340.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio conus Spengler, 1793; prim. homonym of Unio compressissimus Lea, 1845)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio pictorum maxima Mörch, 1863.
Mörch, 1863, Vidensk. Medd. Naturhist. Foren. Kjöben.: 340.
Mörch, 1864, Syn. Moll. Daniae: 78.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Mya pictorum Linnaeus, 1758)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio tumidus limicola Mörch, 1863.
Mörch, 1863, Vidensk. Medd. Naturhist. Foren. Kjöben.: 339.
Mörch, 1864, Syn. Moll. Daniae: 77.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio tumidus Retzius, 1788)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio robianoi Malzine, 1867.
Malzine, 1867, Matér. Faune Malacol. Belg.: pl. 1, fig. 1-2.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio tumidus var. heckingi Colbeau, 1868.
Colbeau, 1868, Ann. Soc. Roy. Zool. Malac. Belgique: 106, pl. 4, fig. 1.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio tumidus Retzius, 1788)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio tumidus var. incurvatus Colbeau, 1868.
Colbeau, 1868, Ann. Soc. Roy. Zool. Malac. Belgique: 106, pl. 4, figs. 2-3.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio tumidus Retzius, 1788)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio gerstfeldtianus Clessin, 1880.
Clessin, 1880, Nachr. Bl. Dtsch. Malak. Ges.: 81.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio tumidus var. borysthenensis Kobelt, 1880.
Kobelt, 1880, Icon. Land- und Süssw.-Moll.: 32, pl. 192, fig. 1950.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio tumidus Retzius, 1788; renamed Unio borysthenicus Servain, 1888)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio tumidus var. rohrmanni Kobelt, 1880.
Kobelt, 1880, Icon. Land- und Süssw.-Moll.: 32, pl. 192, fig. 1951.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio tumidus Retzius, 1788)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio bardus Servain, 1881.
Bourguignat, in sched. Servain, 1881, Malac. Lac Balaton: 98.
Bourguignat in Servain, 1888, Bull. Soc. Malac. France: 323.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio tumidus var. falcatulus Drouët, 1881.
Drouët, 1881, Unionidae Russie: 9.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio tumidus Retzius, 1788)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio tumidus var. minor Drouët, 1881.
Drouët, 1881, Unionidae Russie: 9.
(prim. homonym of Unio minor Rossmässler, 1835)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio alpecanus Locard, 1882.
Bourguignat in Locard, 1882, Prodr. Malac. Franç.: 285, 355.
Bourguignat in Locard, 1889, Contr. Faune Malacol. Franc.: 177 [71].
Bourguignat in Locard, 1893, Coqu. Eau Douce Saumâtre France: 215.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE MNHN_22094 (selected by Graf, 2011), l’Oise à Creil.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio edyus Locard, 1882.
Bourguignat in Locard, 1882, Prodr. Malac. Franç.: 299, 367.
Bourguignat in Locard, 1889, Contr. Faune Malacol. Franc.: 177 [71].
Bourguignat in Locard, 1893, Coqu. Eau Douce Saumâtre France: 215.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio fourneli Locard, 1882.
Bourguignat in Locard, 1882, Prodr. Malac. Franç.: 300, 367.
Bourguignat in Locard, 1889, Contr. Faune Malacol. Franc.: 177 [71].
Bourguignat in Locard, 1893, Coqu. Eau Douce Saumâtre France: 214.
Type(s): IDIOTYPE MNHN_22225, La Marne à Lagny (Seine-et-Marne).
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio vincelleus Locard, 1882.
‘de Joannis’ Locard, 1882, Prodr. Malac. Franç.: 298.
(error for Unio vinceleus de Joannis, 1859)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio schroederi Schröder, 1885.
Bourguignat in Schröder, 1885, Bull. Soc. Malac. France: 224.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio rhenanus Kobelt, 1886.
Kobelt, 1886, Jb. Nassau. Ver. Naturk.: 96, pl. 5, fig. 3.
Kobelt, 1886, Icon. Land- und Süssw.-Moll.: 48, pl. 56, fig. 297.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio tumidus var. godetiana Clessin, 1887.
Clessin, 1887, Moll.-Fauna Mitteleuropas: 738, text fig. 496.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio tumidus Retzius, 1788)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio anabaenus Servain, 1888.
Servain, 1888, Bull. Soc. Malac. France: 324 [as ‘anabænus’].
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio mulierum Servain, 1888.
Servain, 1888, Bull. Soc. Malac. France: 321.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio spengeli Servain, 1888.
Bourguignat in Servain, 1888, Bull. Soc. Malac. France: 323.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio tumidus var. borysthenicus Servain, 1888.
Kobelt, 1880, Icon. Land- und Süssw.-Moll.: 32, pl. 192, fig. 1950 [as ‘borysthenensis’].
‘Kobelt’ Servain, 1888, Bull. Soc. Malac. France: 323.
(new name for Unio borysthenensis Kobelt, 1880)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio aldemaricus Locard, 1889.
Locard, 1889, Contr. Faune Malacol. Franc.: 176 [70], 262 [156].
Locard, 1893, Coqu. Eau Douce Saumâtre France: 213.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE MNHN_22091 (selected by Graf, 2011), l’Aisne, à Guignicourt (Ardennes).
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio alpacamus Locard, 1889.
Locard, 1889, Contr. Faune Malacol. Franc.: 178 [72].
(error for Unio alpecanus Locard, 1882)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio borcherdingi Locard, 1889.
Bourguignat in Locard, 1889, Contr. Faune Malacol. Franc.: 153 [47].
(new name for Unio macrorhynchus Borcherding, 1889)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio giberti Locard, 1889.
Locard, 1889, Contr. Faune Malacol. Franc.: 131 [25], 191 [85].
Locard, 1893, Coqu. Eau Douce Saumâtre France: 215, fig. 227.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE MNHN_22237 (selected by Graf, 2011), La Marne à Lagny (Seine-et-Marne).
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio macrorhynchus Borcherding, 1889.
Borcherding, 1889, Abh. Naturw. Ver. Bremen: 342, pl. 4, figs. 3-3b.
(prim. homonym of Unio macrorhynchus Locard, 1882; renamed Unio borcherdingi Locard, 1889)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio tumidulus Locard, 1889.
Rossmässler, 1836, Icon. Land- und Süssw.-Moll.: pl. 14, fig. 203 [as ‘Unio tumidus’].
Rossmässler, 1838, Icon. Land- und Süssw.-Moll.: pl. 40, fig. 542 [as ‘Unio tumidus’].
Locard, 1889, Contr. Faune Malacol. Franc.: 176 [70], 261 [155].
Locard, 1893, Coqu. Eau Douce Saumâtre France: 213.
(prim. homonym of Unio tumidulus Lea, 1856)
Type(s): LECTOTYPE MNHN_22586 (selected by Graf, 2011), La Seine à Rouen (Seine-Inférieure).
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio pictorum var. vincelus Locard, 1889.
‘de Joannis’ Locard, 1889, Contr. Faune Malacol. Franc.: 140 [34].
(error for Unio vinceleus de Joannis, 1859)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio rothomagensis Locard, 1893.
Locard, 1893, Coqu. Eau Douce Saumâtre France: 213.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE MNHN_22503 (selected by Graf, 2011), la Seine près Rouen.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio catinulus Locard, 1893.
Locard, 1893, Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Elbeuf: 10.
Locard, 1893, Coqu. Eau Douce Saumâtre France: 217.
Type(s): SYNTYPE MNHN_22172, La Seine à Elbeuf (Seine-Inférieure).
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio elboviensis Locard, 1893.
Locard, 1893, Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Elbeuf: 4.
Locard, 1893, Coqu. Eau Douce Saumâtre France: 215.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio lacrymiformis Locard, 1893.
Locard, 1893, Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Elbeuf: 12.
Locard, 1893, Coqu. Eau Douce Saumâtre France: 216, fig. 228.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE MNHN_22300 (selected by Graf, 2011), La Seine au nord de Rouen.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio levoiturieri Locard, 1893.
Locard, 1893, Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Elbeuf: 7.
Locard, 1893, Coqu. Eau Douce Saumâtre France: 216.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio vinceloti Germain, 1904.
‘de Joannis’ Germain, 1904, Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Ouest France: 276 [38].
(new name for Unio vinceleus de Joannis, 1859)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio vinceloti var. cuneiformis Germain, 1904.
Germain, 1904, Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Ouest France: 276 [38], pl. 2, fig. 37.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio vinceloti Germain, 1904)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio vincelens Caziot, 1907.
‘Bourg.’ Caziot, 1907, Bull. Soc. Sci. Hist. Nat. Yonne: 276.
(error for Unio vinceleus de Joannis, 1859)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio lauterborni Haas, 1909.
Haas, 1909, Beitr. Kenntn. Mittleleurop. Najadeen, Beilage zu...: 46.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio tumidus var. okae Kobelt & Haas, 1911.
Kobelt & Haas, 1911, Icon. Land- und Süssw.-Moll.: 58, index, pl. 480, figs. 2565-2566.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio tumidus Retzius, 1788; prim. homonym of Unio okae Kobelt & Haas, 1911; renamed Unio kobeltianus Zhadin, 1938)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio tumidus ilekensis Kobelt, 1912.
Kobelt, 1912, Icon. Land- und Süssw.-Moll.: 28, pl. 492, fig. 2629.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio tumidus Retzius, 1788)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio tumidus var. succinctus Hilbert, 1912.
Hilbert, 1912, Schr. Königsberg. Phys. Ges.: 271.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio tumidus Retzius, 1788)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio tumidus var. natermanni Honigmann, 1914.
Honigmann, 1914, Abh. Ber. Mus. Magdeburg: 7.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio tumidus Retzius, 1788)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio elbovensis Germain, 1931.
‘Locard’ Germain, 1931, Faune de France: 741.
(error for Unio elboviensis Locard, 1893)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio tumidus var. bashkiricus Zhadin, 1938.
Zhadin, 1938, Faune USSR Mollusques: 81, text fig. 19.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio tumidus Retzius, 1788)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio tumidus var. fridmani Zhadin, 1938.
Zhadin, 1938, Faune USSR Mollusques: 86, text fig. 21.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio tumidus Retzius, 1788)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio tumidus var. ilikensis Zhadin, 1938.
‘Kobelt’ Of Authors.
Zhadin, 1938, Faune USSR Mollusques: 83.
Kantor & Sysoev, 2005, Cat. Moll. Russia: 327.
(error for Unio ilekensis Kobelt, 1912)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio tumidus var. kobeltianus Zhadin, 1938.
Zhadin, 1938, Faune USSR Mollusques: 82.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio tumidus Retzius, 1788; new name for Unio okae Kobelt & Haas, 1911; prim. homonym of Unio kobeltianus Haas, 1913)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio tumidus var. moltshanovi Zhadin, 1938.
Zhadin, 1938, Faune USSR Mollusques: 85, text fig. 20.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio tumidus Retzius, 1788)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio albovicensis Haas, 1940.
‘Locard’ Haas, 1940, Zool. Ser. Field Mus. Nat. Hist.: 129.
(error for Unio elboviensis Locard, 1893)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio subtumidus van Benthem Jutting, 1953.
‘Mousson, in litt.’ van Benthem Jutting, 1953, Treubia: 45.
(intro'd as syn of Unio tumidus Retzius, 1788)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio elbovicensis Haas, 1969.
‘Locard’ Haas, 1969, Das Tierreich: 21.
(error for Unio elboviensis Locard, 1893)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio pictorum var. vincelius Haas, 1969.
‘Joannis’ Haas, 1969, Das Tierreich: 26.
(error for Unio vinceleus de Joannis, 1859)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio (Unio) tumidus ssp. [Bassin de la Saône] Falkner et al., 2002.
Falkner et al., 2002, Patrim. Natur.: 55 [nomen nudum].
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio tumidus Retzius, 1788)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio tumidu Li et al., 2010.
Li et al., 2010, Hereditas: 363.
(error for Unio tumidus Retzius, 1788)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio concavus ‘Zeleb.’ .
‘Zeleb.’ Of Authors.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio elongatus ‘Rm.’ .
‘Rm.’ Of Authors.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
 
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