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Page last updated
9 August
2018

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The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World
(and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the search fields. Either way, you win!

Taxa known only as fossils are highlighted in gray. Those without representatives in fresh waters are highlighted in gold.

 

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Bivalvia | Unionoida | Unionidae | Elliptio
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NOTICE! This version of the MUSSELpdb online is no longer supported or up-to-date. It will be removed from this web site in the summer of 2019.

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Elliptio icterina (Conrad, 1834): species synonymy
  View specimens: 23 specimens, Red List Status: data deficient

   Recent References
   = Elliptio icterina (Conrad, 1834). — Williams et al. (2017).
   = Elliptio icterina. — Perkins et al. (2017).
   = Elliptio icterina. — Small et al. (2012).
   + Elliptio lugubris. — Haag (2012).
   + Elliptio hepatica (I. Lea, 1859). — ITIS (2012).
   + Elliptio lugubris (I. Lea, 1834). — ITIS (2012).
   + Elliptio errans. — Haag (2012).
   = Elliptio icterina. — Haag (2012).
   + Elliptio errans (I. Lea, 1834) [sic]. — ITIS (2012).
   + Elliptio raveneli. — Haag (2012).

Unio confertus Lea, 1834.
Lea, 1834, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 103 [215], pl. 16, fig. 47.
Type(s): IDIOTYPE USNM_85634, Santee Canal, S. Carolina.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio icterinus Conrad, 1834.
Conrad, 1834, New Fresh-Water Shells: 41, pl. 6, fig. 5.
Conrad, 1836, Monogr. Fam. Unionidae: 39, pl. 18, fig. 2.
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 250.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE ANSP_41381, muddy shore, Savannah River, opposite Augusta [Richmond Co.], Georgia.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio raveneli Conrad, 1834.
Conrad, 1834, New Fresh-Water Shells: 39, pl. 6, fig. 4.
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 256.
(renamed Margarita watereensis Lea, 1836)
Type(s): SYNTYPE ANSP_41370, So. Carolina.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Margarita (Unio) watereensis Lea, 1836.
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 31.
Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 33.
Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 53.
(new name for Unio raveneli Conrad, 1834)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio lugubris Lea, 1838.
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 37 [nomen nudum].
Lea, 1838, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 30, pl. 9, fig. 25.
(prim. homonym of Unio lugubris Say, 1832; renamed Elliptio cylindraceus Frierson, 1927)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85638, Hopeton, near Darien, Georgia.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio geddingsianus Lea, 1840.
Lea, 1840, Proc. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 285.
Lea, 1842, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 202 [40], pl. 11, fig. 15.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85650, Congaree R., S.C.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio waterensis Hanley, 1843.
‘Lea’ Hanley, 1843, Illustr. Descr. Cat. Rec. Bivalve Shells: 200.
(error for Margarita watereensis Lea, 1836)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio limatulus Conrad, 1849.
Conrad, 1849, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 154.
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 251.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio barrattii Lea, 1852.
Lea, 1852, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 256 [12], pl. 13, fig. 5.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86010, Abbeville District, S.C.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio tuomeyi Lea, 1852.
Lea, 1852, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 256 [12], pl. 13, fig. 4.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85669, Abbeville District, S. Carolina.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio whiteianus Lea, 1852.
Lea, 1852, Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc.: 258 [14], pl. 14, fig. 8.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85657, near Savannah, Georgia.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio whiteanus Conrad, 1853.
‘Lea’ Of Authors.
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 260.
Frierson, 1927, Check List N. Amer. Naiades: 28.
(error for Unio whiteianus Lea, 1852)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio vibex Conrad, 1853.
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 260.
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio vibex Conrad, 1834)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio errans Lea, 1856.
Lea, 1856, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 262.
Lea, 1858, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 60, pl. 9, fig. 42.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85541, Tobesaufkee Cr., near Macon, Ga.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio aequatus Lea, 1857.
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 170 [as ‘æquatus’].
Lea, 1858, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 89, pl. 19, fig. 69 [as ‘æquatus’].
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85561, Buckhead Cr., Burke Co., Georgia.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio micans Lea, 1857.
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 85.
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 59 [63], pl. 3, fig. 207.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85077, Catawba R., Gaston Co., N Carolina.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio obnubilus Lea, 1857.
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 169.
Lea, 1858, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 84, pl. 17, fig. 64.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85646, Buckhead Cr., Burke Co., Georgia.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio opacus Lea, 1857.
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 169.
Lea, 1858, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 86, pl. 18, fig. 66.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85546, Buckhead Cr., Burke Co., Georgia.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio similis Lea, 1857.
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 169.
Lea, 1858, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 91, pl. 19, fig. 71.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85653, Buckhead Cr., Burke Co., Georgia.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio viridicatus Lea, 1857.
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 170.
Lea, 1858, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 87, pl. 18, fig. 67.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85551, Buckhead Cr., Burke Co., Georgia.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio hepaticus Lea, 1859.
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 154.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 348 [30], pl. 57, fig. 173.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85559, Salkehatchie R., S. Carolina.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio ocmulgeensis Lea, 1861.
Lea, 1861, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 38 [as ‘ocmulgéensis’].
Lea, 1862, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 95 [99], pl. 14, fig. 243 [as ‘ocmulgéensis’].
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85901, Little Ocmulgee R., Lumber City, Georgia.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio ablatus Lea, 1863.
Lea, 1863, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 193.
(incorrect original spelling of Unio oblatus Lea, 1863)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio livingstonensis Lea, 1863.
Lea, 1863, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 192.
Lea, 1866, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 14 [18], pl. 4, fig. 11.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85536, Livingston Cr., Brunswick Co., N.C.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio lucidus Lea, 1863.
Lea, 1863, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 192.
Lea, 1866, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 9 [13], pl. 2, fig. 6.
(prim. homonym of Unio lucida d’Orbigny, 1835)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85242, Livingston Cr., Brunswick Co., N.C.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio oblatus Lea, 1863.
Lea, 1863, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 193 [as ‘ablatus’].
Lea, 1866, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 13 [17], pl. 4, fig. 10.
(correct name for Unio ablatus Lea, 1863)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86001, Gaston Co., N.C.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio fuscatus Reeve, 1865.
‘Lea’ Reeve, 1865, Conch. Icon.: pl. 21, sp. 95.
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio fuscatus Lea, 1843)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Margaron (Unio) legubris Lea, 1870.
‘Lea’ Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 53.
(error for Unio lugubris Lea, 1838)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio radiolus Lea, 1871.
Lea, 1871, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 192.
Lea, 1874, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 21 [25], pl. 6, fig. 18.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85652, Ogeechee R., Liberty Co., Ga.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio cuspidatus Lea, 1872.
Lea, 1872, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 159.
Lea, 1874, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 43 [47], pl. 14, fig. 40.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86014, Buckhead Cr., Burke Co., Ga.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio hastatus Lea, 1874.
Lea, 1874, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 423.
Lea, 1874, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 56 [60], pl. 19, fig. 54.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86013, Abbeville District, S.C.
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio barrotti Paetel, 1890.
‘Lea’ Paetel, 1890, Cat. Conch.-Samml.: 145.
(error for Unio barrattii Lea, 1852)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio ochmulgeensis de Gregorio, 1914.
‘Lea’ de Gregorio, 1914, Il Nat. Siciliano: 40.
(error for Unio ocmulgeensis Lea, 1861)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio ochmulgensis de Gregorio, 1914.
‘Lea’ de Gregorio, 1914, Il Nat. Siciliano: 58.
(error for Unio ocmulgeensis Lea, 1861)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio zeddingsianus de Gregorio, 1914.
‘Lea’ de Gregorio, 1914, Il Nat. Siciliano: 57.
(error for Unio geddingsianus Lea, 1840)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio ochmulgensis [sic] f.a dominus de Gregorio, 1914.
de Gregorio, 1914, Il Nat. Siciliano: 48, pl. 7, figs. 1a-d.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio ocmulgeensis Lea, 1861)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Elliptio cylindraceus Frierson, 1927.
Frierson, 1927, Check List N. Amer. Naiades: 29, sp. 87.
(new name for Unio lugubris Lea, 1838)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio cuspitatus R.I. Johnson, 1970.
‘Lea’ Of Authors.
R.I. Johnson, 1970, Bull. MCZ: 327.
R.I. Johnson, 1972, Bull. Fla. State Mus.: 206.
Burch, 1975, Freshw. Unio. North Amer.: 162.
(error for Unio cuspidatus Lea, 1872)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
Unio tourmeyi IUCN, 2011.
‘Lea’ IUCN, 2011, IUCN Red List: [web].
(error for Unio tuomeyi Lea, 1852)
  View Taxonomic History.
 
 
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