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Page last updated
9 August
2018

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The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World
(and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the search fields. Either way, you win!

Taxa known only as fossils are highlighted in gray. Those without representatives in fresh waters are highlighted in gold.

 

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Publication Information

Ortmann, A.E. 1921. South American Naiades; a contribution to the knowledge of the freshwater mussels of South America. Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum 8: 451-670, pls. 34-48.
Availably electronically? yes.

Species Described
Anodontites clessini Ortmann, 1921.
‘Fischer’ Ortmann, 1921, Mem. Carnegie Mus.: 594.
(mis-ID'd reference to Mycetopus clessini Fischer, 1890)
= Anodontites lucidus
 
Anodontites (s.s.) hasemani Ortmann, 1921.
Ortmann, 1921, Mem. Carnegie Mus.: 609, pl. 42, figs. 6-7.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE CM_61.5832 (selected by R.I. Johnson, 1977), headwaters of the Rio Paraguay, Santa Rita, Matto Grosso, Brazil.
= Anodontites trigonus
 
Anodontites (s.s.) hyrioides Ortmann, 1921.
Ortmann, 1921, Mem. Carnegie Mus.: 604, pl. 42, figs. 3-5.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE CM_61.5229 (selected by R.I. Johnson, 1977), Rio Tapajós, Santarem, Pará, Brazil.
= Anodontites trigonus
 
Diplodon berthae Ortmann, 1921.
Ortmann, 1921, Mem. Carnegie Mus.: 528, pl. 38, figs. 1-4; pl. 46, fig. 6.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE CM_61.5865 (selected by R.I. Johnson, 1977), Rio Jacuhy, Cachoeira, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
= Diplodon berthae
 
Diplodon decipiens Ortmann, 1921.
Ortmann, 1921, Mem. Carnegie Mus.: 499, pl. 36, figs. 3-6; pl. 45, fig. 4; pl. 47, fig. 7; text fig. 4e.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE CM_61.9253 (selected by R.I. Johnson, 1977), creek of Rio Iguassu, Serrinha, Parana, Brazil.
= Diplodon martensi
 
Diplodon enno Ortmann, 1921.
Ortmann, 1921, Mem. Carnegie Mus.: 531, pl. 38, figs. 5-7; pl. 46, fig. 7.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE CM_61.9264 (selected by R.I. Johnson, 1977), Rio Grande, Boqueirao, Bahia, Brazil.
= Diplodon rhombeus
 
Diplodon hildae Ortmann, 1921.
Ortmann, 1921, Mem. Carnegie Mus.: 514, pl. 36, fig. 7; pl. 37, figs. 1-3; pl. 46, fig. 3; text fig. 4i.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE CM_61.5864 (selected by R.I. Johnson, 1977), Rio Jacuhy, Cachoeira, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
= Diplodon hildae
 
Diplodon simillimus Ortmann, 1921.
Ortmann, 1921, Mem. Carnegie Mus.: 495, pl. 35, figs. 3-6; pl. 45, fig. 2; text fig. 4c.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE CM_61.9250 (selected by R.I. Johnson, 1977), Rio Nhundiaquara, Morretes, Paraná, Brazil.
= Diplodon martensi
 
Diplodon vicarius Ortmann, 1921.
Ortmann, 1921, Mem. Carnegie Mus.: 497, pl. 35, figs. 7-8; pl. 36, figs. 1-2; pl. 45, fig. 3; text fig. 4d.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE CM_61.9251 (selected by R.I. Johnson, 1977), creek Aqua Quente, 8 miles W of Iporanga, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
= Diplodon vicarius
 
Diplodon (s.s.) hasemani Ortmann, 1921.
Ortmann, 1921, Mem. Carnegie Mus.: 478, pl. 34, figs. 1-4; pl. 47, fig. 5; text fig. 4a.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE CM_61.5857 (selected by R.I. Johnson, 1977), Rio Guaporé, near Rio Sao Simao, Matto Grosso, Brazil.
= Diplodon guaranianus
 
Diplodon (s.s.) imitator Ortmann, 1921.
Ortmann, 1921, Mem. Carnegie Mus.: 491, pl. 34. figs. 5-7; pl. 35, figs. 1-2; pl. 45, fig. 1; pl. 47, fig. 6; text fig. 4b.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE CM_61.9248 (selected by R.I. Johnson, 1977), Rio Vaccacahy-Mirim, Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
= Diplodon imitator
 
Diplodon (s.s.) mogymirim Ortmann, 1921.
Ortmann, 1921, Mem. Carnegie Mus.: 520, pl. 37, figs. 4-7; pl. 46, fig. 5; pl. 48, fig. 2; text fig. 4k.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE CM_61.9260 (selected by R.I. Johnson, 1977), Creek near Mogy Mirim, Sao Paulo, Brazil, tributary to Rio Mogy Guassú and Rio Grande, upper Paraná drainage.
= Diplodon expansus
 
Monocondylaea hollandi Ortmann, 1921.
Ortmann, 1921, Mem. Carnegie Mus.: 585, pl. 41,fig. 1.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (ORIG. DESIG.) CM_61.5846, Rio Guaporé, near Rio Sao Simao, Matto Grosso, Brazil.
= Monocondylaea corrientesensis
 
Monocondylaea obesa Ortmann, 1921.
Ortmann, 1921, Mem. Carnegie Mus.: 583, pl. 40, figs. 4-6.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE CM_61.5850 (selected by R.I. Johnson, 1977), Rio Tapajós, Santarem, Pará, Brazil.
= Monocondylaea paraguayana
 
Unio laevigatus Say, 1834.
‘Rafinesque’ Of Authors.
Say, 1834, Amer. Conch.: [no pagination].
Conrad, 1834, New Fresh-Water Shells: 70.
Ferussac, 1835, Mag. Zool.: 28.
Lea, 1836, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 59.
Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 57.
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 251.
Ortmann, 1921, Mem. Carnegie Mus.: 92.
(error for Unio levigata Rafinesque, 1820)
= Obovaria subrotunda
 
Taxonomic Opinions
Anodontites (Lamproscapha) ensiformis (Spix, 1827). — Ortmann (1921: 630).
Anodontites (s.s.) clessini (Fischer, 1890). — Ortmann (1921: 594).
Anodontites (s.s.) crispata Bruguiere, 1972. — Ortmann (1921: 589).
Anodontites (s.s.) forbesiana (Lea, 1860). — Ortmann (1921: 627).
Anodontites (s.s.) hasemani Ortmann, 1921. — Ortmann (1921: 609).
Anodontites (s.s.) hyrioides Ortmann, 1921. — Ortmann (1921: 604).
Anodontites (s.s.) iheringi (Clessin, 1882). — Ortmann (1921: 620).
Anodontites (s.s.) moricandii (Lea, 1860). — Ortmann (1921: 623).
Anodontites (s.s.) mortoniana (Lea, 1834). — Ortmann (1921: 606).
Anodontites (s.s.) obtusa (Spix, 1827). — Ortmann (1921: 596).
Anodontites (s.s.) patagonica (Lamarck, 1819). — Ortmann (1921: 611).
Anodontites (s.s.) patagonica rubicunda (Lea, 1860). — Ortmann (1921: 616).
Anodontites (s.s.) puelchana (d’Orbigny, 1835). — Ortmann (1921: 619).
Anodontites (s.s.) riograndensis (von Ihering, 1890). — Ortmann (1921: 624).
Anodontites (s.s.) rioplatensis (Sowerby, 1870). — Ortmann (1921: 629).
Anodontites (s.s.) tenebricosa (Lea, 1834). — Ortmann (1921: 592).
Anodontites (s.s.) trapesialis anserina (Spix, 1827). — Ortmann (1921: 622).
Anodontites (s.s.) trapesialis scripta (Sowerby, 1867). — Ortmann (1921: 622).
Anodontites (s.s.) trapezea (Spix, 1827). — Ortmann (1921: 598).
Anodontites (s.s.) trigona (Spix, 1827). — Ortmann (1921: 601).
Castalia acuticosta Húpe, 1857. — Ortmann (1921: 554).
Castalia baro (von Ihering, 1910). — Ortmann (1921: 557).
Castalia hanleyana Sowerby, 1867. — Ortmann (1921: 556).
Castalia inflata d’Orbigny, 1835. — Ortmann (1921: 558).
Castalia pectinata (Spix, 1827). — Ortmann (1921: 557).
Castalia undosa von Martens, 1885. — Ortmann (1921: 559).
Castalina martensi von Ihering, 1891. — Ortmann (1921: 551).
Castalina nehringi von Ihering, 1891. — Ortmann (1921: 548).
Castalina psammoica (d’Orbigny, 1835). — Ortmann (1921: 551).
Diplodon (Cyclomya) paranensis (Lea, 1834). — Ortmann (1921: 542).
Diplodon (s.s.) berthae Ortmann, 1921. — Ortmann (1921: 528).
Diplodon (s.s.) burroughianus (Lea, 1834). — Ortmann (1921: 517).
Diplodon (s.s.) charruanus (d’Orbigny, 1835). — Ortmann (1921: 506).
Diplodon (s.s.) deceptus Simpson, 1914. — Ortmann (1921: 539).
Diplodon (s.s.) decipiens Ortmann, 1921. — Ortmann (1921: 499).
Diplodon (s.s.) ellipticus (Spix, 1827). — Ortmann (1921: 526).
Diplodon (s.s.) enno Ortmann, 1921. — Ortmann (1921: 531).
Diplodon (s.s.) frenzelii (von Ihering, 1893). — Ortmann (1921: 488).
Diplodon (s.s.) granosus (Bruguiere, 1972). — Ortmann (1921: 485).
Diplodon (s.s.) gratus (Lea, 1860). — Ortmann (1921: 534).
Diplodon (s.s.) guaranianus (d’Orbigny, 1835). — Ortmann (1921: 476).
Diplodon (s.s.) hasemani Ortmann, 1921. — Ortmann (1921: 478).
Diplodon (s.s.) hildae Ortmann, 1921. — Ortmann (1921: 514).
Diplodon (s.s.) hylaeus (d’Orbigny, 1835). — Ortmann (1921: 473).
Diplodon (s.s.) imitator Ortmann, 1921. — Ortmann (1921: 491).
Diplodon (s.s.) lacteolus (Lea, 1834). — Ortmann (1921: 518).
Diplodon (s.s.) mogymirim Ortmann, 1921. — Ortmann (1921: 520).
Diplodon (s.s.) parallelopipedon (Lea, 1834). — Ortmann (1921: 504).
Diplodon (s.s.) patagonicus (d’Orbigny, 1835). — Ortmann (1921: 488).
Diplodon (s.s.) paulista (von Ihering, 1893). — Ortmann (1921: 501).
Diplodon (s.s.) piceus (Lea, 1860). — Ortmann (1921: 510).
Diplodon (s.s.) rotundus Spix, 1827. — Ortmann (1921: 541).
Diplodon (s.s.) simillimus Ortmann, 1921. — Ortmann (1921: 495).
Diplodon (s.s.) suavidicus (Lea, 1856). — Ortmann (1921: 524).
Diplodon (s.s.) trifidus (Lea, 1860). — Ortmann (1921: 480).
Diplodon (s.s.) uruguayensis (Lea, 1860). — Ortmann (1921: 512).
Diplodon (s.s.) vicarius Ortmann, 1921. — Ortmann (1921: 497).
Fossula fossiculifera (d’Orbigny, 1835). — Ortmann (1921: 571).
Hyria corrugata Lamarck, 1819. — Ortmann (1921: 561).
Iheringella balzani (von Ihering, 1893). — Ortmann (1921: 569).
Leila castelnaudi (Hupé, 1857). — Ortmann (1921: 638).
Monocondylaea hollandi Ortmann, 1921. — Ortmann (1921: 585).
Monocondylaea lentiformis Lea, 1866. — Ortmann (1921: 573).
Monocondylaea minuana d’Orbigny, 1835. — Ortmann (1921: 579).
Monocondylaea minuana parchappii d’Orbigny, 1835. — Ortmann (1921: 582).
Monocondylaea obesa Ortmann, 1921. — Ortmann (1921: 583).
Monocondylaea paraguayana d’Orbigny, 1835. — Ortmann (1921: 577).
Mycetopoda siliquosa (Spix, 1827). — Ortmann (1921: 633).
Mycetopoda staudingeri (von Ihering, 1890). — Ortmann (1921: 635).
Mycetopoda subsinuata (Sowerby, 1868). — Ortmann (1921: 635).
Prisodon alatus (Sowerby, 1869). — Ortmann (1921: 561).
Prisodon castelnaudi (Húpe, 1857). — Ortmann (1921: 565).
 
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