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9 August
2018

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The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World
(and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the search fields. Either way, you win!

Taxa known only as fossils are highlighted in gray. Those without representatives in fresh waters are highlighted in gold.

 

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Publication Information

Reeve, L. 1864. Genus Unio. Conchologica Iconica 16: pls. 2-18.
Availably electronically? yes.

Species Described
Quadrula lachrymosa Swainson, 1840.
‘Lea’ Of Authors.
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 378.
Hanley, 1843, Illustr. Descr. Cat. Rec. Bivalve Shells: 177.
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 256.
Adams & Adams, 1857, Gen. Rec. Moll.: 497.
Reeve, 1864, Conch. Icon.: pl. 9, sp. 33.
Call, 1895, Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis: 21.
F.C. Baker, 1898, Bull. Chicago Acad. Sci.: 83, pl. 25, fig. 1; pl. 12, fig. 2.
Call, 1900, Ind. Dept. Geol. Nat. Res.: 489.
Simpson, 1900, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus.: 776.
Ortmann, 1910, Nautilus: 140.
Ortmann, 1910, Nautilus: 116.
Ortmann, 1912, Ann. Carnegie Mus.: 253.
Simpson, 1914, Descr. Cat. Naiades: 839, 841.
Ortmann & Walker, 1922, Occ. Pap. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich.: 14, 16.
Frierson, 1927, Check List N. Amer. Naiades: 47.
F.C. Baker, 1928, Bull. Wisconsin Geol. Nat. Hist. Survey: 84.
R.I. Johnson, 1980, Bull. MCZ: 90.
Vidrine, 1993, Histr. Distr. Freshw. Mussels LA: 53.
Strayer & Jirka, 1997, Pearly Mussels NY: 98.
(error for Unio lacrymosus Lea, 1828)
= Quadrula quadrula
 
Unio atrocostatus Reeve, 1864.
‘Lea’ Reeve, 1864, Conch. Icon.: pl. 4, sp. 13; errata [changed to ‘U. heros, Say’].
(error for Unio heros Say, 1829; mis-ID'd reference to Unio atrocostatus Lea, 1845)
= Megalonaias nervosa
 
Unio balonensis Lea, 1852.
‘Conrad’ Of Authors.
Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 33.
Reeve, 1864, Conch. Icon.: pl. 18, sp. 81.
(error for Unio balonnensis Conrad, 1850)
= Velesunio ambiguus
 
Unio bullatus Conrad, 1838.
‘Rafinesque’ Of Authors.
Conrad, 1838, Monogr. Fam. Unionidae: 82, pl. 45, fig. 2.
Lapham, 1852, Trans. WI Agri. Soc.: 369.
Reeve, 1864, Conch. Icon.: pl. 12, sp. 43.
(reference to Obliquaria bullata Rafinesque, 1820)
= Cyclonaias pustulosa
 
Unio cicatricosus Reeve, 1864.
Reeve, 1864, Conch. Icon.: pl. 8, sp. 31; pl. 13, fig. 50.
(reference to Unio cicatricosus Say, 1829)
= Plethobasus cicatricosus
 
Unio corium Reeve, 1864.
Reeve, 1864, Conch. Icon.: pl. 10, sp. 39.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE BMNH_1965209, Chiapas, Mexico.
= Psoronaias semigranosa
 
Unio costatus Conrad, 1836.
‘Rafinesque’ Of Authors.
Conrad, 1836, Monogr. Fam. Unionidae: pl. 17, fig. 7.
Reeve, 1864, Conch. Icon.: pl. 4, sp. 16.
(reference to Amblema costata Rafinesque, 1820)
= Amblema plicata
 
Unio depressus Reeve, 1864.
‘Lamarck’ Reeve, 1864, Conch. Icon.: pl. 18, sp. 81.
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio depressa Lamarck, 1819)
= Velesunio moretonicus
 
Unio deviatus Reeve, 1864.
‘Anthony MS’ Reeve, 1864, Conch. Icon.: pl. 15, sp. 61.
J.G. Anthony, 1865, Amer. J. Conch.: 156, pl. 12, fig. 2.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE BMNH_1965210, Tennessee.
= Epioblasma turgidula
 
Unio edgarianus Reeve, 1864.
‘Lea’ Reeve, 1864, Conch. Icon.: pl. 15, sp. 65.
(reference to Unio edgarianus Lea, 1840)
= Fusconaia cor
 
Unio flexuosus Conrad, 1835.
‘Rafinesque’ Of Authors.
Conrad, 1835, Monogr. Fam. Unionidae: 8, pl. 6, fig. 2.
Reeve, 1864, Conch. Icon.: pl. 6, sp. 22; pl. 13, fig. 53.
(reference to Obliquaria flexuosa Rafinesque, 1820)
= Epioblasma flexuosa
 
Unio gibbosus Ferussac, 1835.
‘Rafinesque’ Of Authors.
Ferussac, 1835, Mag. Zool.: 28.
Conrad, 1836, Monogr. Fam. Unionidae: 50, pl. 27, fig. 1.
Reeve, 1864, Conch. Icon.: pl. 11, sp. 41, figs. 41a-b.
(reference to Amblema gibbosa Rafinesque, 1820)
= Epioblasma torulosa
 
Unio hanleyanus Reeve, 1864.
‘Lea’ Reeve, 1864, Conch. Icon.: pl. 17, sp. 76; errata [changed to ‘U. interventus, Lea’].
(error for Unio hanleyianus Lea, 1852)
= Pleurobema hanleyianum
 
Unio hippopaeus Lea, 1852.
‘Lea’ Of Authors.
Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 21 [as ‘hippopæus’].
Conrad, 1853, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci.: 261 [as ‘hippopæus’].
Adams & Adams, 1857, Gen. Rec. Moll.: 497 [as ‘hippopæus’].
Reeve, 1864, Conch. Icon.: pl. 11, sp. 40 [as ‘hippopæus’].
Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 31 [as ‘hippopæus’].
Simpson, 1900, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus.: 767 [as ‘hippopæa’].
Simpson, 1914, Descr. Cat. Naiades: 816 [as ‘hippopæa’].
Frierson, 1927, Check List N. Amer. Naiades: 61.
Haas, 1969, Das Tierreich: 287.
Clarke, 1973, Malacologia: 35.
Burch, 1975, Freshw. Unio. North Amer.: 165.
Strayer & Jirka, 1997, Pearly Mussels NY: 98.
He & Zhuang, 2013, Freshwater Bivalves China: 27.
(error for Unio hippopoeus Lea, 1845)
= Amblema plicata
 
Unio interruptus Conrad, 1834.
‘Rafinesque’ Of Authors.
Conrad, 1834, New Fresh-Water Shells: 69.
Say, 1834, Amer. Conch.: ??.
Ferussac, 1835, Mag. Zool.: 28.
Conrad, 1838, Monogr. Fam. Unionidae: 88, pl. 48.
Reeve, 1864, Conch. Icon.: pl. 14, sp. 56.
(mis-ID'd reference to Obliquaria interrupta Rafinesque, 1820)
= Epioblasma brevidens
 
Unio medius Reeve, 1864.
‘Lea’ Reeve, 1864, Conch. Icon.: pl. 17, sp. 77.
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio medius Lea, 1861)
= Pleurobema decisum
 
Unio mundus Reeve, 1864.
‘Lea’ Reeve, 1864, Conch. Icon.: pl. 16, sp. 72.
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio mundus Lea, 1857)
= Pleuronaia dolabelloides
 
Unio nodulatus Say, 1834.
‘Rafinesque’ Of Authors.
Say, 1834, Amer. Conch.: ??.
Conrad, 1837, Monogr. Fam. Unionidae: 80, pl. 45, fig. 1.
Reeve, 1864, Conch. Icon.: pl. 13, sp. 51.
(reference to Obliquaria nodulata Rafinesque, 1820)
= Cyclonaias nodulata
 
Unio nodulosus Reeve, 1864.
‘Wood’ Reeve, 1864, Conch. Icon.: pl. 9, sp. 32; errata [changed to ‘U. leai, Gray’].
(mis-ID'd reference to Mya nodulosa Wood, 1815)
= Lamprotula leaii
 
Unio perdix Reeve, 1864.
‘Lea’ Reeve, 1864, Conch. Icon.: pl. 18, sp. 82.
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio perdix Lea, 1834)
= Cambarunio taeniatus
 
Unio perlensis Reeve, 1864.
‘Conrad’ Of Authors.
Reeve, 1864, Conch. Icon.: pl. 11, sp. 42.
Paetel, 1890, Cat. Conch.-Samml.: 163.
(error for Unio pearlensis Conrad, 1855)
= Amblema plicata
 
Unio perplicatus Reeve, 1864.
‘Conrad, Anthony, MS.’ Reeve, 1864, Conch. Icon.: pl. 9, sp. 35; errata [changed to ‘U. atrocostatus’].
(reference to Unio perplicatus Conrad, 1841; error for Unio atrocostatus Lea, 1845)
= Amblema plicata
 
Unio phillipsii Reeve, 1864.
‘Conrad’ Reeve, 1864, Conch. Icon.: pl. 4, sp. 15.
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio phillipsii Conrad, 1835)
= Epioblasma torulosa
 
Unio pliciferus Reeve, 1864.
‘Lea’ Reeve, 1864, Conch. Icon.: pl. 10, sp. 37; errata [changed to ‘U. crocodilorum Morelet’].
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio pliciferus Lea, 1838; error for Unio crocodilorum Morelet, 1849)
= Psoronaias crocodilorum
 
Unio quadratus Reeve, 1864.
‘Rafinesque’ Reeve, 1864, Conch. Icon.: pl. 6, sp. 24.
(error for Obliquaria quadrula Rafinesque, 1820)
= Quadrula quadrula
 
Unio raveneliensis Reeve, 1864.
‘Lea’ Reeve, 1864, Conch. Icon.: pl. 16, sp. 70.
(error for Unio ravenelianus Lea, 1834; mis-ID'd reference to Unio ravenelianus Lea, 1834)
= Pleuronaia barnesiana
 
Unio sacculus Reeve, 1864.
‘Anthony, MS’ Reeve, 1864, Conch. Icon.: pl. 15, sp. 67.
J.G. Anthony, 1865, Amer. J. Conch.: 157, pl. 12, fig. 3.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE MCZ_161898, Tennessee.
= Epioblasma florentina
 
Unio semigranosus Reeve, 1864.
‘Philippi’ Reeve, 1864, Conch. Icon.: pl. 10, sp. 36; errata.
(reference to Unio semigranosus Philippi, 1843)
Type(s): FIGURED SPECIMEN BMNH_196496, Mexico.
= Psoronaias semigranosa
 
Unio sowerbyanus Küster, 1852.
‘Lea’ Of Authors.
Küster, 1852, Conchyl. Cab.: 62.
Agassiz, 1852, Arch. Naturg.: 43.
Reeve, 1864, Conch. Icon.: pl. 14, sp. 58.
Simpson, 1900, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus.: 520.
Simpson, 1914, Descr. Cat. Naiades: 17.
Frierson, 1927, Check List N. Amer. Naiades: 94.
Haas, 1969, Das Tierreich: 483.
Burch, 1975, Freshw. Unio. North Amer.: 173.
R.I. Johnson, 1978, Bull. MCZ: 280.
Parmalee & Bogan, 1998, The Freshwater Mussels of Tennessee: 91.
(error for Unio sowerbianus Lea, 1834)
= Epioblasma haysiana
 
Unio stegarius Say, 1834.
‘Rafinesque’ Of Authors.
Say, 1834, Amer. Conch.: ??.
Ferussac, 1835, Mag. Zool.: 28.
Conrad, 1838, Monogr. Fam. Unionidae: 83, pl. 46, fig. 1.
Reeve, 1864, Conch. Icon.: pl. 12, sp. 45.
(reference to Obovaria stegaria Rafinesque, 1820)
= Cyprogenia stegaria
 
Unio striatus Reeve, 1864.
‘Rafinesque’ Reeve, 1864, Conch. Icon.: pl. 8, sp. 30 [changed to ‘cooperianus’ in the errata].
(mis-ID'd reference to Obovaria striata Rafinesque, 1820; error for Unio cooperianus Lea, 1834)
= Plethobasus cooperianus
 
Unio subrostratus Reeve, 1864.
‘Say’ Reeve, 1864, Conch. Icon.: pl. 17, sp. 78; errata [changed to ‘U. patulus Lea’].
(error for Unio patulus Lea, 1829; mis-ID'd reference to Unio subrostratus Say, 1831)
= Cambarunio iris
 
Unio turgidus Reeve, 1864.
‘Lea’ Reeve, 1864, Conch. Icon.: pl. 3, sp. 10.
(mis-ID'd reference to Unio turgidus Lea, 1838)
= Quadrula quadrula
 
Taxonomic Opinions
Unio apiculatus Say, 1829. — Reeve (1864).
Unio arcæformis Lea, 1831. — Reeve (1864).
Unio asper Lea, 1831. — Reeve (1864).
Unio atrocostatus Lea, 1848. — Reeve (1864).
Unio bullata (Rafinesque, 1820). — Reeve (1864).
Unio caelatus Conrad, 1834. — Reeve (1864).
Unio caperatus Lea, 1845. — Reeve (1864).
Unio capsaeformis Lea, 1834. — Reeve (1864).
Unio chattanoogaensis Lea, 1858. — Reeve (1864).
Unio cicatricosus Say, 1829. — Reeve (1864).
Unio cooperianus Lea, 1834. — Reeve (1864).
Unio corium Reeve, 1864. — Reeve (1864).
Unio costatus (Rafinesque, 1820). — Reeve (1864).
Unio crocodilorum Morelet, 1849. — Reeve (1864).
Unio cuneatus (Rafinesque, 1820). — Reeve (1864).
Unio cyphius [sic] (Rafinesque, 1820). — Reeve (1864).
Unio decisus Lea, 1831. — Reeve (1864).
Unio depressus Lamarck, 1819. — Reeve (1864).
Unio deviatus ‘Anthony MS’ Reeve, 1864. — Reeve (1864).
Unio dorfeuillianus Lea, 1838. — Reeve (1864).
Unio dromas Lea, 1834. — Reeve (1864).
Unio edgarianus Lea, 1840. — Reeve (1864).
Unio elliottii Lea, 1856. — Reeve (1864).
Unio flexuosus (Rafinesque, 1820). — Reeve (1864).
Unio forsheyi Lea, 1859. — Reeve (1864).
Unio fragosus Conrad, 1836. — Reeve (1864).
Unio gibbosus (Rafinesque, 1820). — Reeve (1864).
Unio graniferus Lea, 1838. — Reeve (1864).
Unio haysianus Lea, 1834. — Reeve (1864).
Unio heros Say, 1829. — Reeve (1864).
Unio hippopæus [sic] Lea, 1845. — Reeve (1864).
Unio intermedius Conrad, 1836. — Reeve (1864).
Unio interrupta (Rafinesque, 1820). — Reeve (1864).
Unio interventus Lea, 1861. — Reeve (1864).
Unio irroratus Lea, 1828. — Reeve (1864).
Unio kleinianus Lea, 1852. — Reeve (1864).
Unio lachrymosus [sic] Lea, 1828. — Reeve (1864).
Unio leai Gray, Griffith, 1834. — Reeve (1864).
Unio lenior Lea, 1840. — Reeve (1864).
Unio medius Lea, 1861. — Reeve (1864).
Unio metanever (Rafinesque, 1820). — Reeve (1864).
Unio mundus Lea, 1857. — Reeve (1864).
Unio nodulatus (Rafinesque, 1820). — Reeve (1864).
Unio nucleopsis Conrad, 1849. — Reeve (1864).
Unio obesus Lea, 1831. — Reeve (1864).
Unio patulus Lea, 1829. — Reeve (1864).
Unio penitus Conrad, 1834. — Reeve (1864).
Unio perdix Lea, 1834. — Reeve (1864).
Unio perlensis [sic] Conrad, 1855. — Reeve (1864).
Unio pernodosus Lea, 1845. — Reeve (1864).
Unio personatus Say, 1829. — Reeve (1864).
Unio phillipsii Conrad, 1835. — Reeve (1864).
Unio pileus Lea, 1834. — Reeve (1864).
Unio plicatus Say. — Reeve (1864).
Unio prasinus Conrad, 1834. — Reeve (1864).
Unio quadratus [sic] (Rafinesque, 1820). — Reeve (1864).
Unio rangianus Lea, 1838. — Reeve (1864).
Unio ravenelianus Lea, 1834. — Reeve (1864).
Unio reflexus (Rafinesque, 1820). — Reeve (1864).
Unio ridibundus Say, 1829. — Reeve (1864).
Unio sacculus ‘Anthony, MS’ Reeve, 1864. — Reeve (1864).
Unio schoolcraftensis Lea, 1834. — Reeve (1864).
Unio sowerbyanus [sic] Lea, 1834. — Reeve (1864).
Unio sparsus Lea, 1841. — Reeve (1864).
Unio stapes Lea, 1831. — Reeve (1864).
Unio stegarius (Rafinesque, 1820). — Reeve (1864).
Unio stewardsonii Lea, 1852. — Reeve (1864).
Unio sulcatus Lea, 1829. — Reeve (1864).
Unio tavoyensis Gould, 1843. — Reeve (1864).
Unio trapezoides Lea, 1831. — Reeve (1864).
Unio tuberculatus (Rafinesque, 1820). — Reeve (1864).
Unio turgidulus Lea, 1858. — Reeve (1864).
Unio turgidus Lea, 1838. — Reeve (1864).
Unio vittatus Lea, 1859. — Reeve (1864).
Unio woodwardianus [sic] Lea, 1857. — Reeve (1864).
 
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