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9 August

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The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World
(and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the search fields. Either way, you win!

Taxa known only as fossils are highlighted in gray. Those without representatives in fresh waters are highlighted in gold.



Bivalvia | Unionoida | Unionidae

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Elliptio Rafinesque, 1819: generic synonymy
  View species list: 42 species

Elliptio Rafinesque, 1819.
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat.: 426.
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys.: 291.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 29, 37.
(intro'd as sub-gen. of Unio Retzius, 1788)
Type species: Unio (Elliptio) nigra Rafinesque, 1820 (sub. desig. by Ortmann, 1912: 266) = Elliptio crassidens.

Canthyria Swainson, 1840.
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 276, 378.
(intro'd as sub-gen. of Aeglia Swainson, 1840)
Type species: Unio spinosus Lea, 1836 (orig. desig.) = Elliptio spinosa.

Cunicula Swainson, 1840.
Swainson, 1840, Treat. Malacol.: 267-268, 274, 290, 378.
(intro'd as sub-gen. of Unio Retzius, 1788)
Type species: Unio purpurascens Lamarck, 1819 (sub. desig. by Herrmannsen, 1847: 335) = Elliptio complanata.

Elliptis Agassiz, 1845.
‘Rafinesque’ Agassiz, 1845, Nom. Syst. Gen. Moll.: 33.
‘Rafin.’ Agassiz, 1846, Nomencl. Zool. Index Univ.: 136.
(error for Elliptio Rafinesque, 1819)

Curricula Gray, 1847.
‘Swains.’ Gray, 1847, Proc. Zool. Soc. London: 196.
(error for Cunicula Swainson, 1840)

Ellipto Meek, 1876.
Meek, 1876, Rept. U.S. Geol. Surv. Terr. (Hayden): 511.
(error for Elliptio Rafinesque, 1819)

Cinicula Heard & Guckert, 1970.
‘Swainson’ Heard & Guckert, 1970, Malacologia: 348, note 18.
(error for Cunicula Swainson, 1840)

Ensinaia Starobogatov, 1970.
Starobogatov, 1970, Fauna Moll. Continent.: 69, 287.
Type species: Unio shepardianus Lea, 1834 (orig. desig.) = Elliptio shepardiana.

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