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Page last updated
Wed 05 Jun 2019

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

This page documents data for Lea (1860), such as genera and species attributed to that publication (including known misspellings, misidentifications, and other unavailable names) as well as taxonomic opinions, if available. Taxonomic opinions refer to uses of genera and species as valid and invalid in that work.

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Publication information

Lea, I. 1860. Descriptions of exotic Unionidæ [Exotic Unionidæ]. Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences 4 [O. 7]: 235-273, pls. 33-45 (Obs. 7, part 2: 53-91).

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Attributed Genus Names

Monocondyloea Lea, 1852
Lea, 1852, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 45 [as ‘Monocondylœa’].
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 187 [as ‘Monocondylœa’].
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 7]: 235 [53] [as ‘Monocondylœa’].
Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 73 [as ‘Monocondylœa’].
(error for Monocondylaea d’Orbigny, 1835)

Attributed Species Names

Anodonta gracilis Lea, 1850
Lea, 1850, Proc. Zool. Soc. London 18: 197.
Lea, 1851, Ann. and Mag. 8: 493.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 7]: 239 [57], pl. 34, fig. 119.
Type(s): SYNTYPES BMNH_1968657, Dingle, Isle of Panay.

Anodonta tenuis Lea, 1850
Lea, 1850, Proc. Zool. Soc. London 18: 198.
Lea, 1851, Ann. and Mag. 8: 494.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 7]: 237 [55], pl. 33, fig. 116.
Type(s): SYNTYPES BMNH_1963654, Sual, Luzon, Philippines.

Anodonta subcrassa Lea, 1850
Lea, 1850, Proc. Zool. Soc. London 18: 198.
Lea, 1851, Ann. and Mag. 8: 495.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 7]: 236 [54], pl. 33, fig. 115.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86693, Laguna de Bay, Luzon, Phil. Is.

Anodonta crepera Lea, 1850
Lea, 1850, Proc. Zool. Soc. London 18: 198.
Lea, 1851, Ann. and Mag. 8: 494.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 7]: 238 [56], pl. 34, fig. 117.
Type(s): TYPE USNM_86602, Bongabon, Luzon, Phil. Is.

Anodonta cumingii Lea, 1850
Lea, 1850, Proc. Zool. Soc. London 18: 199.
Lea, 1851, Ann. and Mag. 8: 495.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 7]: 235 [53], pl. 33, fig. 114 [as ‘Monocondylœa’].
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86350, Malacca.

Unio cumingii Lea, 1852
Lea, 1852, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 6: 54.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 7]: 240 [58], pl. 35, fig. 120.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_83897, North China.

Unio canadensis Lea, 1857
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 9: 85.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 7]: 268 [86], pl. 44, fig. 148.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84503, St. Helens Id., Montreal, Canada.

Anodonta luteola Lea, 1858
Lea, 1858, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 10: 118.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 7]: 267 [85], pl. 43, fig. 147.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86766, Isthmus of Darien.

Unio caldwellii Lea, 1858
Lea, 1858, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 10: 118.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 7]: 265 [83], pl. 43, fig. 145.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84396, Isthmus of Darien.

Unio goascoranensis Lea, 1858
Lea, 1858, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 10: 118.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 7]: 258 [76], pl. 41, fig. 139.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85086, Goascoran R., Honduras.

Anodonta senegalensis Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 154.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 7]: 260, pl. 41, fig. 140.
(renamed Mutelina senegalica Jousseaume, 1886)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE BMNH_1965167, Senegal.

Unio sumatrensis Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 153.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 7]: 239 [57], pl. 34, fig. 118.
(homonym of Unio sumatrensis Dunker, 1852; renamed Unio dimotus Lea, 1870)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84059, Sumatra.

Unio mutabilis Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 152.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 7]: 248 [66], pl. 38, fig. 127.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE BMNH_1965153, Brisbane Water, East Australia.

Unio fluctiger Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 152.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 7]: 250 [68], pl. 39, fig. 130.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (MONOTYPY) BMNH_1965169, Hab._? [Asia ?].

Unio diminutus Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 151 [as ‘diminutis’].
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 7]: 254, pl. 39, fig. 134.
(correct name for Unio diminutis Lea, 1859)
Type(s): BMNH_1965165, East Africa.

Anodonta dahomeyensis Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 154.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 7]: 261, pl. 41, fig. 141.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE BMNH_1965163, Dahomey, West Africa.

Monocondyloea rhomboidea Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 187 [as ‘Monocondylœa rhomboidea’].
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 7]: 263 [81], pl. 42, fig. 143.
Type(s): SYNTYPES USNM_86329, Tigris R., near Bagdad, Asia.

Unio demeraraensis Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 152 [as ‘demararaensis’].
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 7]: 253 [71], pl. 39, fig. 133.
Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: Corridenda et Addenda.
(correct name for Unio demararaensis Lea, 1859)
Type(s): TYPE BMNH_1964141, Demerara.

Unio mauritianus Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 152.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 7]: 257 [75], pl. 40, fig. 138.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (MONOTYPY) BMNH_1965157, Mauritius [No — probably from the Philippines.].

Unio navigioliformis Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 152.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 7]: 245 [63], pl. 37, fig. 124.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE BMNH_1964146, Loc._ ?

Unio rudus Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 187.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 7]: 266, pl. 43, fig. 146.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85337, Rio de la Plata, S. Am.

Unio layardii Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 153.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 7]: 243, pl. 36, fig. 122.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE BMNH_1965159, Ceylon.

Unio sikkimensis Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 151.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 7]: 251, pl. 39, fig. 131.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE BMNH_1965177, Sikkim, India.

Unio vittatus Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 153.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 7]: 249, pl. 38, fig. 128.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE BMNH_1958-4-3-1, Australia.

Unio thwaitesii Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 152 [as ‘thwaitsii’].
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 7]: 246 [64], pl. 37, fig. 125.
(correct name for Unio thwaitsii Lea, 1859)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE BMNH_1965179, Ceylon.

Unio japanensis Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 153.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 7]: 244, pl. 36, fig. 123.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE BMNH_1965181, Japan.

Unio wilsonii Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 153.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 7]: 256, pl. 40, fig. 137.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE ANSP_41817, N.S. Wales.

Unio averyi Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 281.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 7]: 269 [87], pl. 44, fig. 149.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84385, Chumnagua R., Isth. of Darien.

Unio rowellii Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 153.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 7]: 256 [74], pl. 40, fig. 136.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84398, Chagres R., Panama.

Unio dysonii Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 152.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 7]: 252 [70], pl. 39, fig. 132.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE BMNH_1965173, Honduras.

Unio bulloides Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 187.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 7]: 264 [82], pl. 42, fig. 144.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85776, Rio de la Plata, S.A.

Unio plicatulus Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 152.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 7]: 247, pl. 37, fig. 126.
(homonym of Unio plicatulus Küster, 1856; renamed Unio borneensis Issel, 1874; renamed Unio pensitatus Fischer & Crosse, 1894)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE BMNH_1965156, locality data from Issel “Nord-Est di Borneo; nelle vicinanze della costa presso Mampawa; nel lago Donau Siriang (v. Martens).”.

Unio persulcatus Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 153.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 7]: 255 [73], pl. 40, fig. 135.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE BMNH_1900-3-19-22, Mexico.

Unio melleus Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 152.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 7]: 250 [68], pl. 38, fig. 129.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE BMNH_1965175, Hab._?

Unio shanghaiensis Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 153.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 7]: 242, pl. 36, fig. 121.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE BMNH_1965171, Shanghai, China.

Monocondyloea planulata Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 187 [as ‘Monocondylœa planulata’].
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 7]: 262, pl. 42, fig. 142.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86351, Java5989.

Unio wynegungaensis Lea, 1860
Lea, 1860, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 331.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 7]: 271, pl. 45, fig. 151.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85328, Wynegunga R., Deccan, India.

Unio consobrinus Lea, 1860
Lea, 1860, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 331.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 7]: 272 [90], pl. 45, fig. 152.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85178, China.

Unio nagpoorensis Lea, 1860
Lea, 1860, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 331.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 7]: 270, pl. 45, fig. 150.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE ANSP_125504, Ambijiri Tanks, Nagpoor, Bengal, India.

Page updated: 14:35:53 Wed 05 Jun 2019

 
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