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Page last updated
Wed 11 Sep 2019

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

This page documents data for Martens (1897), such as genera and species attributed to that publication (including known misspellings, misidentifications, and other unavailable names) as well as taxonomic opinions, if available. Taxonomic opinions refer to uses of genera and species as valid and invalid in that work.

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Publication information

Martens, E.v. 1897. Beschalte Weichthiere Deutsch Ost Afrikas 4. 308 pp.

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Attributed Species Names

Spatha petersi Martens, 1860
Martens, 1860, Malak. Blatt. 6: 218, pl. 3, figs. 1-2.
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr. 4: 251.
Type(s): SYNTYPES ZMB_4653, Zambeze, Tete Mosambik.

Unio mossambicensis Martens, 1860
‘Peters’ Martens, 1860, Malak. Blatt. 6: 218, pl. 3, figs. 3-5.
‘Ptrs.’ Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr. 4: 225, pl. 7, fig. 2.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ZMB_4654A, Mosambik, Tete, unterer [lower] Sambesi.

Pleiodon spekei E.A. Smith, 1880
‘Woodward’ of Authors.
E.A. Smith, 1880, Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1880: 350.
E.A. Smith, 1881, Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1881: 296.
Sturany, 1894, Durch Massailand zur Nilquelle: 302.
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr. 4: 256.
(error for Iridina spekii Woodward, 1859)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE BMNH_1859-12-23-8, Lake Tanganyika.

Spatha subaequilatera Martens, 1887
Martens, 1887, Conch. Mitth. 3: 18, pl. 41, figs. 8-9.
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr. 4: 246, pl. 7, fig. 16.

Spatha rotundata Martens, 1897
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr. 4: 242, text fig.

Spatha wahlbergi var. spatuliformis Martens, 1897
‘Bgt.’ Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr. 4: 248, pl. 7, fig. 18.
(error for Spathella spathuliformis Bourguignat, 1889)

Corbicula radiata Martens, 1897
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr. 4: 259.
(reference to Cyrena radiata Philippi, 1846)

Sphaerium nyanzae Martens, 1897
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr. 4: 260, pl. 7, fig. 10.
(reference to Sphaerium nyanzae E.A. Smith, 1892)

Unio emini Martens, 1897
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr. 4: 224, pl. 7, fig. 14.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ZMB_104895A, Masanza (Messansa), Simin Fluss.

Unio stuhlmanni Martens, 1897
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr. 4: 231, pl. 7, fig. 13.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (ORIG. DESIG.) ZMB_104867A, Vitschumbi.

Unio ngesianus Martens, 1897
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr. 4: 234, pl. 7, fig. 7.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ZMB_104891A, Kissaka, NW Kuste Ngesi (Albert-Edward) See.

Spatha stuhlmanni Martens, 1897
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr. 4: 250, text fig.
Type(s): TYPE ZMB_108819, Buessa, Fluss Duki, l’Ituri.

Spatha divaricata Martens, 1897
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr. 4: 250, pl. 7, fig. 15.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (MONOTYPY) ZMB_108821, Simin Fluss, Victoria Nyansa.

Unio gerrardi Martens, 1897
E.A. Smith, 1880, Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1880: 351 [as ‘U. niloticus Cailliaud’].
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr. 4: 223, pl. 7, fig. 5.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ZMB_32910A, Tanganyikasee, Tanzania.

Unio boehmi Martens, 1897
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr. 4: 223, pl. 7, fig. 9 [as ‘böhmi’].
Type(s): FIGURED SYNTYPE ZMB_35532, Karema, Tanganyikasee, Tanzania.

Unio hypsiprymnus Martens, 1897
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr. 4: 230, pl. 7, fig. 1.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ZMB_104808A, Mbampa Bucht, Malawisee, Tanzania.

Aetheria elliptica Form-Varietät globosa Martens, 1897
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr. 4: 218. [infra-subsp.]
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Etheria elliptica Lamarck, 1807)

Spatha trapezia Martens, 1897
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr. 4: 243, text fig.
Type(s): FIGURED SYNTYPE ZMB_108816, Bare, Buddu.

Spatha trapezia var. senilis Martens, 1897
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr. 4: 244, text fig.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Spatha trapezia Martens, 1897)
Type(s): SYNTYPES ZMB_108817, Towalio, Buddu, Soweh, Uganda.

Unio lechaptoisi var. minor Martens, 1897
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr. 4: 227.
(homonym of Unio margaritifer var. minor Rossmässler, 1835; intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio lechaptoisi Ancey, 1894)
Type(s): SYNTYPE ZMB_104816, Mbampa Bay.

Unio liederi Martens, 1897
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr. 4: 226, pl. 7, fig. 19.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ZMB_104813, Ulanga, oberes Rufidschi Gebiet, Tansania, Ruaha River.

Unio ambifarius Martens, 1897
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr. 4: 225, pl. 7, fig. 20.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE (MONOTYPY) ZMB_104896, Tanzania, Dar Es Salaam.

Unio rostralis Martens, 1897
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr. 4: 238.
(homonym of Unio requieni var. rostralis de Joannis, 1859; new name for Grandidieria rostrata Bourguignat, 1885)
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ZMB_104830A, Tanganyika, Kala.

Unio rostralis var. brevior Martens, 1897
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr. 4: 239.
(new name for Grandidieria gravida Bourguignat, 1885; intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio rostralis Martens, 1897)
Type(s): HOLOTYPE MNHN_MP_0029, Tanganyika.

Unio (Grandidieria) burtoni var. sturanyi Martens, 1897
Sturany, 1894, Baumann, Durch Massailand: 6, pl. 24, fig. 31; pl. 25, fig. 35.
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr. 4: 238.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio burtoni Woodward, 1859)
Type(s): SYNTYPES ZMB_104842, Tanganyika bei Karema.

Unio multicolor Martens, 1897
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr. 4: 236, pl. 7, fig. 4.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ZMB_104855A, Insel Sirwa, Viktoria Nyansa.

Spatha kirki var. liederi Martens, 1897
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr. 4: 245.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Spathella kirki Ancey, 1894)

Sphaerium stuhlmanni Martens, 1897
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr. 4: 261, pl. 7, fig. 8.

Mutela bourguignati var. smithi Martens, 1897
‘Bourguignat’ E.A. Smith, 1892, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 10: 128, pl. 12, fig. 16 [as ‘Mutela bourguignati’].
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr. 4: 255.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Mutela bourguignati Bourguignat, 1885)
Type(s): SYNTYPE ZMB_108810, Mbugu, Victoria Nyansa.

Mutela bourguignati var. truncata Martens, 1897
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr. 4: 255, pl. 7, fig. 17.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Mutela bourguignati Bourguignat, 1885)
Type(s): SYNTYPE ZMB_108812, Buddu.

Mutela nilotica var. emini Martens, 1897
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr. 4: 253.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Iridina nilotica Cailliaud, 1823)
Type(s): SYNTYPES ZMB_108807, Kassenye, Albert Nyanza.

Spatha wahlbergi var. dorsalis Martens, 1897
‘Krauss’ Martens, 1860, Malak. Blatt. 6: 217 [as ‘Spatha wahlbergi’].
Martens, 1897, Besch. Weich. Deutsch Ost Afr. 4: 247.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Iridina wahlbergi Krauss, 1848)
Type(s): SYNTYPE ZMB_43380, Ihindi, Ugogo.

Taxonomic Opinions

Aetheria elliptica s.s. (Lamarck, 1807)
+ Etheria trigonula Lamarck, 1807
+ Etheria semilunata Lamarck, 1807
+ Etheria transversa Lamarck, 1807
+ Etheria lamarckii Férussac, 1824
+ Etheria plumbea Férussac, 1824
+ Aetheria nilotica Bourguignat, 1880
+ Aetheria elliptica Form-Varietät globosa Martens, 1897

Aetheria elliptica var. cailliaudi (Férussac, 1823)

Aetheria elliptica var. tubifera Sowerby, 1825
+ Etheria carteroni Michelin, 1830
+ Etheria cailliaudi Sowerby, 1872

Brazzaea anceyi Bourguignat, 1885

Burtonia tanganyicensis (E. Smith, 1880)
+ Spatha tanganyicensis E.A. Smith, 1880

Burtonia tanganyicensis var. livingstoniana Bourguignat
+ Spatha tanganyicensis E.A. Smith, 1880

Moncetia anceyi Bourguignat, 1885

Mutela (Calliscapha) alata (Lea, 1864)

Mutela (Calliscapha) alata var. simpsoni Ancey, 1894

Mutela (Calliscapha) nilotica (Férussac in Cailliaud, 1823)

Mutela (Calliscapha) nilotica var. emini n.

Mutela (Calliscapha) soleniformis Bourguignat, 1885

Mutela (Calliscapha) subdiaphana Bourguignat, 1883

Mutela (Iridina) spekei (Woodward, 1859)
+ Iridina spekii Woodward, 1859

Mutela (s.s.) bourguignati Ancey, in litt. Bourguignat, 1885

Mutela (s.s.) bourguignati var. smithi n.

Mutela (s.s.) bourguignati var. truncata n.

Spatha anceyi Bourguignat bei Ancey, 1894

Spatha bloyeti (Bourguignat, 1889)
+ Spatha natalensis Lea, 1864

Spatha divaricata n.

Spatha kirki (Ancey, 1894)

Spatha kirki var. liederi n.

Spatha martensi Sturany in Baumann, 1894

Spatha nyassaënsis Lea, 1864
+ Spathella nyassana Bourguignat, 1889

Spatha petersi v. Martens, 1860

Spatha rotundata n

Spatha stuhlmanni n.

Spatha subaequilatera v. Martens, 1887

Spatha trapezia n.

Spatha trapezia var. senilis n.

Spatha wahlbergi (Krauss, 1848)

Spatha wahlbergi var. dorsalis n.
+ Spatha wahlbergi Martens, 1860

Spatha wahlbergi var. spatuliformis [sic] (Bourguignat, 1889)
+ Spatha wahlbergi Martens, 1891

Unio acuminatus Adams, H., 1866

Unio ambifarius von Martens, 1897

Unio bakeri Adams, H., 1866

Unio billottianus Charmes, 1885

Unio borellii Ancey, 1894

Unio burtoni Woodward, 1859
+ Grandidieria cyrenopsis Bourguignat, 1885

Unio burtoni var. insignis (Ancy bei Bourguignat, 1885)

Unio burtoni var. servainianus (Bourguignat, 1885)

Unio burtoni var. smithi (Bourguignat, 1885)
+ Unio burtoni E.A. Smith, 1881

Unio burtoni var. sturanyi n.

Unio böhmi von Martens, 1897

Unio calathus Bourguignat, 1885

Unio dumesnilianus Charmes, 1885

Unio emini von Martens, 1897

Unio euphymus Charmes, 1885

Unio gerrardi von Martens, 1897
+ Unio niloticus E.A. Smith, 1880

Unio grandidieri Bourguignat, 1883
+ Unio bakeri Martens, 1879

Unio hauttecoeuri Bourguignat, 1883

Unio hauttecoeuri var. edwardsianus Bourguignat, 1883

Unio horei Smith, E.A., 1880

Unio hypsiprymnus n.

Unio kirkii Lea, 1864
+ Unio nyassae Sowerby, 1866

Unio lechaptoisi Ancey, 1894

Unio lechaptoisi var. minor von Martens, 1897

Unio ledoulxianus Charmes, 1885

Unio liederi von Martens, 1897

Unio lourdeli Bourguignat, 1887
+ Unio acuminatus Martens, 1879

Unio monceti Bourguignat, 1883

Unio mossambicensis von Martens, 1860

Unio multicolor n.

Unio ngesianus n.

Unio nyassaënsis Lea, 1864
+ Unio aferula Lea, 1864
+ Unio nyassae Sowerby, 1866
+ Unio nyassaensis E.A. Smith, 1881
+ Unio hermosus Bourguignat, 1889
+ Unio nyassanus Bourguignat, 1889

Unio ratidotus Charmes, 1885

Unio rostralis n.
+ Grandidieria rostrata Bourguignat, 1885

Unio rostralis var. brevior n.
+ Grandidieria gravida Bourguignat, 1885

Unio ruellani Bourguignat, 1883

Unio stuhlmanni n.

Unio tanganyicensis E. Smi., 1880
+ Unio tanganikanus Bourguignat, 1883

Unio teretiusculus Philippi, 1847
+ Margarita (Unio) cailliaudii Lea, 1836
+ Unio cailliaudi Martens, 1866

Unio thomsoni E. Smi., 1880

Page updated: 11:08:42 Wed 11 Sep 2019

 
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