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Page last updated
Wed 11 Sep 2019

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

This page documents data for Gmelin (1791), such as genera and species attributed to that publication (including known misspellings, misidentifications, and other unavailable names) as well as taxonomic opinions, if available. Taxonomic opinions refer to uses of genera and species as valid and invalid in that work.

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Publication information

Gmelin, J.F. 1791. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, locis 1(6): 3021-3909.

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Attributed Species Names

Cardium trilaterum Gmelin, 1791
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat. 1(6): 3253.

Venus casta Gmelin, 1791
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat. 1(6): 3278.

Mya margaritifera Gmelin, 1791
Lister, 1678, Hist. Anim. Anglic.: 15, pl. 1, fig. 1. [pre-linnaean]
Lister, 1685, Conch.: pl. 149, fig. 4. [pre-linnaean]
Klein, 1753, Tent. Method. Ostrac., etc.: pl. 10, fig. 47. [pre-linnaean]
Knorr, 1757, Vergnügen 2(4): pl. 25, fig. 2.
Schröter, 1779, Gesch. Flußconch.: pl. 4, fig. 1.
Martini & Chemnitz, 1782, Conchyl. Cab. 6: 15, pl. 1, fig. 5.
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat. 1(6): 3219, sp. 4.
(misidentified reference to Mya margaritifera Linnaeus, 1758)

Cardium crassum Gmelin, 1791
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat. 1(6): 3254.

Venus reclusa Gmelin, 1791
Martini & Chemnitz, 1782, Conchyl. Cab. 6: 326, pl. 31, figs. 327-329. [non-binomial]
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat. 1(6): 3278.

Venus hermaphrodita Gmelin, 1791
Martini & Chemnitz, 1782, Conchyl. Cab. 6: pl. 32, fig. 336.
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat. 1(6): 3278.

Venus subviridis Gmelin, 1791
Lister, 1685, Conch.: pl. 158, fig. 13. [non-binomial]
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat. 1(6): 3280.

Mytilus fluviatilis Gmelin, 1791
Lister, 1685, Conch.: pl. 157, fig. 12. [pre-linnaean]
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat. 1(6): 3359, sp. 34.
(homonym of Mytulus polymorphus fluviatilis Pallas, 1771)

Venus meretrix var. beta Gmelin, 1791
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat. 1(6): 3273.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Venus meretrix Linnaeus, 1758)

Mya radiata Gmelin, 1791
Lister, 1685, Conch.: pl. 152, fig. 7.
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat. 1(6): 3220, sp. 9, var. b. [in part]
(misidentified reference to Mya radiata Gmelin, 1791)

Donax laevigata Gmelin, 1791
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat. 1(6): 3265.

Venus borealis Gmelin, 1791
Lister, 1678, Hist. Anim. Anglic.: 174, pl. 4, figs. 123.
Martini & Chemnitz, 1784, Conch. Cab. 7: pl. 39, figs. 412-414.
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat. 1(6): 3285.

Venus islandica Gmelin, 1791
Lister, 1685, Conch.: pl. 272, fig. 108.
Martini & Chemnitz, 1782, Conchyl. Cab. 6: pl. 32, figs. 341-342.
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat. 1(6): 3271.

Mya nodosa Gmelin, 1791
Martini & Chemnitz, 1788, Conchyl. Cab. 10: 346, pl. 170, fig. 1650.
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat. 1(6): 3222, sp. 23.
(renamed Unio nodulosa Lamarck, 1819)

Mytilus zellensis Gmelin, 1791
Schröter, 1779, Gesch. Flußconch.: pl. 2, fig. 1.
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat. 1(6): 3362, sp. 51.
(renamed Anodonta cellensis Pfeiffer, 1821)

Mytilus lineatus Gmelin, 1791
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat. 1(6): 3359.

Venus meretrix Gmelin, 1791
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat. 1(6): 3273, var. B.
(misidentified reference to Venus meretrix Linnaeus, 1758)

Mya rugosa Gmelin, 1791
Martini & Chemnitz, 1788, Conchyl. Cab. 10: 346, pl. 170, fig. 1649 [as ‘Mya corrugata magna’].
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat. 1(6): 3222, sp. 32.

Mytilus stagnalis Gmelin, 1791
Schröter, 1779, Gesch. Flußconch.: pl. 1, fig. 1.
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat. 1(6): 3352, sp. 50.

Tellina virginica Gmelin, 1791
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat. 1(6): 3236.

Mya pictorum Gmelin, 1791
Lister, 1678, Hist. Anim. Anglic.: pl. 2, fig. 30; [app.] pl. 1, fig. 4. [pre-linnaean]
Lister, 1685, Conch.: pl. 146, fig. 1; pl. 147, figs. 2-3. [pre-linnaean]
Schröter, 1779, Gesch. Flußconch.: pl. 2, fig. 2; pl. 3, figs. 2-5; pl. 4, fig. 6.
Martini & Chemnitz, 1782, Conchyl. Cab. 6: 19, pl. 1, fig. 6.
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat. 1(6): 3218, sp. 3.
(misidentified reference to Mya pictorum Linnaeus, 1758)

Mytilus dubius Gmelin, 1791
Adanson, 1757, Hist. Nat. Sénégal, Coquillages: 234, pl. 17, fig. 21 [as ‘le mutel’]. [pre-linnaean]
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat. 1(6): 3363, sp. 56.
(renamed Anodonta adansonii Gray, 1825)

Venus coaxans Gmelin, 1791
Martini & Chemnitz, 1782, Conchyl. Cab. 6: pl. 32, fig. 336.
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat. 1(6): 3278.

Mya spuria Gmelin, 1791
Schröter, 1783, Einl. Conch. 2: 617, sp. 9, pl. 7, fig. 5. [non-binomial]
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat. 1(6): 3222, sp. 16.

Mya radiata Gmelin, 1791
Martini & Chemnitz, 1782, Conchyl. Cab. 6: 23, pl. 2, fig. 7 [as ‘Mya pictorum tenuis’].
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat. 1(6): 3220, sp. 9. [in part]

Tellina calcarea Gmelin, 1791
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat. 1(6): 3236.

Tellina pusilla Gmelin, 1791
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat. 1(6): ??.

Mya syrmatophora Gmelin, 1791
Meuschen in Gronovius, 1781, Zoophylacium Gronovianum: pl. 8, figs. 1-2. [non-binomial]
Gmelin, 1791, Syst. Nat. 1(6): 3222.

Taxonomic Opinions

Mya corrugata Müller, 1774

Mya margaritifera Linnaeus, 1758
+ Dichonca crassissima Klein, 1753

Mya nodosa Gmelin, 1791

Mya pictorum Linnaeus, 1758

Mya radiata Gmelin, 1791
+ Mya radiata Gmelin, 1791

Mya rugosa Gmelin, 1791

Mya spuria Gmelin, 1791

Mya syrmatophora Gronovius, 1781

Mytilus anatinus Linnaeus, 1758

Mytilus cygneus Linnaeus, 1758
+ Mytilus radiatus Müller, 1774

Mytilus dubius Gmelin, 1791

Mytilus fluviatilis Gmelin, 1791

Mytilus stagnalis Gmelin, 1791

Mytilus zellensis Gmelin, 1791

Page updated: 11:09:40 Wed 11 Sep 2019

 
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