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Page last updated
Tue 04 Jan 2022

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

Cladomics pages are experimental — even more so than the rest of this site!

The purpose of the cladomics pages for each genus and family-group level taxon is to provide statistics and references indicating the extent to which published phylogenetic work supports the classification used here.

The Cladomics Summary provides an overview of the number of studies that have included terminal species representing this taxon as well as an indication of how frequently it has been recovered as monophyletic.

Following the summary, the available published clades representing the taxon are listed.

For more information, visit the Cladomics FARQ (frequently asked rhetorical questions) page.

Search the database pages:

Bivalvia | Unionoida | Unionoidea | Unionidae | Gonideinae

tribe CHAMBERLAINIINI Bogan, Froufe & Lopes-Lima in Lopes-Lima et al., 2017: cladomics
     3 genera

Cladomics Summary

number of species: 5
number next lowest-taxon (genus) (i.e., direct-child taxa): 3

analyzed in 81 cladogram(s) in 57 publications
maximum number of terminal species in an analysis: 13, mean: 2.04
maximum number of direct-child taxa in an analysis: 2, mean: 1.3

basic monophyly

number of cladograms that test basic monophyly (i.e., more than 1 included species): 59
maximum number of included species: 13, mean: 2.42
maximum number of direct-child taxa: 2, mean: 1.41
proportion of cladograms that support basic monophyly: 0.88

rigorous monophyly

number of cladograms that test rigorous monophyly: 23
(Rigorous monophyly refers to cladograms with terminal species representing more than one direct-child taxon and at least one rigorous, direct-child outgroup.)
maximum number of included species: 3, mean: 2.35
maximum number of direct-child taxa: 2, mean: 2
proportion of cladograms that support rigorous monophyly: 0.7

top monophyly publications

Huang et al., 2019, Lopes-Lima et al., 2020, Zieritz et al., 2021, Bolotov et al., 2020, Bolotov et al., 2017

Huang et al., 2019 ** Top Monophyly Test Publication **

fig. 1: [clade_id: 11375] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 3, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 10, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(S_cumingii, (S_cumingii, S_schlegelii))


	  +----- S_cumingii 1  
	--+                    
	  |  +-- S_cumingii 2  
	  +--+                 
	     +-- S_schlegelii 3
  

fig. 2: [clade_id: 11563] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 3, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 52, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 5
(C_hainesiana, (S_cumingii, S_schlegelii))


	  +----- C_hainesiana 1
	--+                    
	  |  +-- S_cumingii 2  
	  +--+                 
	     +-- S_schlegelii 3
  

fig. 3: [clade_id: 12661] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 8, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(S_cumingii, S_schlegelii)


	  +-- S_cumingii 1  
	--+                 
	  +-- S_schlegelii 2
  

fig. 3-M: [clade_id: 12732] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 6, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
unknown

fig. S1: [clade_id: 11290] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 3, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 15, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(S_cumingii, (S_cumingii, S_schlegelii))


	  +----- S_cumingii 1  
	--+                    
	  |  +-- S_cumingii 2  
	  +--+                 
	     +-- S_schlegelii 3
  

fig. S3: [clade_id: 11985] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 3, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 52, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 5
(C_hainesiana, (S_cumingii, S_schlegelii))


	  +----- C_hainesiana 1
	--+                    
	  |  +-- S_cumingii 2  
	  +--+                 
	     +-- S_schlegelii 3
  

fig. S4: [clade_id: 12446] "Chamberlainiini" + Quadrulini + Contradentini + Gonideini + Amblemini + Lanceolariini + Anodontini + Rectidentini + Lamprotulini + Pleurobemini + Lampsilini + Pseudodontini + Unionini
spp. terminals: 3, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 54, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 5
(C_hainesiana, M_nervosa, U_carolinianus, (Q_quadrula, T_verrucosa), (S_cumingii, S_schlegelii), ((P_littoralis, P_japanensis), (L_leaii, (L_caveata, L_cornuumlunae))), (S_carinata, (S_recognita, S_oleivora), (G_angulata, (L_wheatleyi, M_bonellii)), (P_pfisteri, (P_rivularis, P_triangularis))), ((P_manueli, (P_inoscularis, P_bogani)), (N_nyeinchani, T_callifera, S_cumingii, S_tumida, S_tumida, (P_exilis, P_compressa), (B_loeiensis, (B_mouhotii, B_exilis)), (M_cambodjensis, (M_mekongi, (M_vondembuschiana, M_laosica))))), (A_plicata, T_parvum, (O_reflexa, P_dombeyanus), (E_sloatianus, (E_complanata, (E_dilatata, (F_flava, P_sintoxia)))), (E_lineolata, L_leptodon, M_conradicus, P_alatus, P_subtentus, T_truncata, V_ellipsiformis, C_iris, L_lienosus, (O_ligamentina, (L_cardium, L_ornata)))), ((H_desowitzi, H_myersiana, H_panhai, (H_bialata, H_khoratensis), (R_sumatrensis, ((E_telus, E_ingallsianus), (E_sagittarius, (E_spiculus, E_jaculus))))), (P_modelli, Lens, P_superbus, (Y_inlenensis, (Y_panhai, (Y_nesemanni, Y_dalliana))), ((L_comptus, L_novoselovi), (L_eximius, (L_contradens, L_micropterus))))), (A_chinensis, A_marginata, A_anatina, A_arcaeformis, A_cygnea, C_plicata, A_nuttalliana, L_compressa, L_languilati, P_complanata, P_grandis, S_ambigua, S_undulatus, (S_lampreyanus, S_spinosus), (U_imbecillis, U_peninsularis), (L_gladiola, (L_grayii, (L_lanceolata, L_triformis))), (U_tumidus, (U_crassus, (U_delphinus, U_pictorum))), (A_tortuosa, ((A_coreana, A_scripta), (A_fibrosa, A_tientsinensis))), (C_heudei, C_celtiformis, C_pisciculus, C_rufescens, (N_douglasiae, (N_douglasiae, N_nuxpersicae))), (P_tenuis, ((S_angula, S_lucida), (S_woodiana, (Sinanodonta, (S_woodiana, Sinanodonta)))))))


	  +-------------------- C_hainesiana 1      
	  |                                         
	  +-------------------- M_nervosa 2         
	  |                                         
	  +-------------------- U_carolinianus 3    
	  |                                         
	  |                 +-- Q_quadrula 4        
	  +-----------------+                       
	  |                 +-- T_verrucosa 5       
	  |                                         
	  |                 +-- S_cumingii 6        
	  +-----------------+                       
	  |                 +-- S_schlegelii 7      
	  |                                         
	  |                 +-- P_japanensis 9      
	  |           +-----+                       
	  |           |     +-- P_littoralis 8      
	  +-----------+                             
	  |           |  +----- L_leaii 10          
	  |           +--+                          
	  |              |  +-- L_caveata 11        
	  |              +--+                       
	  |                 +-- L_cornuumlunae 12   
	  |                                         
	  |           +-------- S_carinata 13       
	  |           |                             
	  |           |     +-- S_oleivora 15       
	  |           +-----+                       
	  |           |     +-- S_recognita 14      
	  |           |                             
	  +-----------+  +----- G_angulata 16       
	  |           +--+                          
	  |           |  |  +-- L_wheatleyi 17      
	  |           |  +--+                       
	  |           |     +-- M_bonellii 18       
	  |           |                             
	  |           |  +----- P_pfisteri 19       
	  |           +--+                          
	  |              |  +-- P_rivularis 20      
	  |              +--+                       
	  |                 +-- P_triangularis 21   
	  |                                         
	  |              +----- P_manueli 22        
	  |     +--------+                          
	  |     |        |  +-- P_bogani 24         
	  |     |        +--+                       
	  |     |           +-- P_inoscularis 23    
	  |     |                                   
	  |     |  +----------- N_nyeinchani 25     
	  |     |  |                                
	  +-----+  +----------- S_cumingii 27       
	  |     |  |                                
	  |     |  +----------- S_tumida 28         
	  |     |  |                                
	  |     |  +----------- S_tumida 29         
	  |     |  |                                
	  |     |  +----------- T_callifera 26      
	  |     |  |                                
	  |     +--+        +-- P_compressa 31      
	  |        +--------+                       
	  |        |        +-- P_exilis 30         
	  |        |                                
	  |        |     +----- B_loeiensis 32      
	  |        +-----+                          
	  |        |     |  +-- B_exilis 34         
	  |        |     +--+                       
	  |        |        +-- B_mouhotii 33       
	  |        |                                
	  |        |  +-------- M_cambodjensis 35   
	  |        +--+                             
	  |           |  +----- M_mekongi 36        
	  |           +--+                          
	  |              |  +-- M_laosica 38        
	  |              +--+                       
	  |                 +-- M_vondembuschiana 37
	  |                                         
	  |     +-------------- A_plicata 39        
	  |     |                                   
	  |     +-------------- T_parvum 40         
	  |     |                                   
	  |     |           +-- O_reflexa 41        
	  |     +-----------+                       
	  |     |           +-- P_dombeyanus 42     
	  |     |                                   
	  |     |  +----------- E_sloatianus 43     
	  |     +--+                                
	  |     |  |  +-------- E_complanata 44     
	  |     |  +--+                             
	  |     |     |  +----- E_dilatata 45       
	  +-----+     +--+                          
	  |     |        |  +-- F_flava 46          
	  |     |        +--+                       
	  |     |           +-- P_sintoxia 47       
	  |     |                                   
	  |     |     +-------- C_iris 55           
	  |     |     |                             
	  |     |     +-------- E_lineolata 48      
	  |     |     |                             
	  |     |     +-------- L_leptodon 49       
	  |     |     |                             
	  |     |     +-------- L_lienosus 56       
	--+     |     |                             
	  |     |     +-------- M_conradicus 50     
	  |     +-----+                             
	  |           +-------- P_alatus 51         
	  |           |                             
	  |           +-------- P_subtentus 52      
	  |           |                             
	  |           +-------- T_truncata 53       
	  |           |                             
	  |           +-------- V_ellipsiformis 54  
	  |           |                             
	  |           |  +----- O_ligamentina 57    
	  |           +--+                          
	  |              |  +-- L_cardium 58        
	  |              +--+                       
	  |                 +-- L_ornata 59         
	  |                                         
	  |     +-------------- H_desowitzi 60      
	  |     |                                   
	  |     +-------------- H_myersiana 61      
	  |     |                                   
	  |     +-------------- H_panhai 62         
	  |     |                                   
	  |  +--+           +-- H_bialata 63        
	  |  |  +-----------+                       
	  |  |  |           +-- H_khoratensis 64    
	  |  |  |                                   
	  |  |  |  +----------- R_sumatrensis 65    
	  |  |  |  |                                
	  |  |  +--+        +-- E_ingallsianus 67   
	  |  |     |  +-----+                       
	  |  |     |  |     +-- E_telus 66          
	  |  |     +--+                             
	  |  |        |  +----- E_sagittarius 68    
	  |  |        +--+                          
	  +--+           |  +-- E_jaculus 70        
	  |  |           +--+                       
	  |  |              +-- E_spiculus 69       
	  |  |                                      
	  |  |     +----------- Lens 72             
	  |  |     |                                
	  |  |     +----------- P_modelli 71        
	  |  |     |                                
	  |  |     +----------- P_superbus 73       
	  |  |     |                                
	  |  |     |  +-------- Y_inlenensis 74     
	  |  |     +--+                             
	  |  +-----+  |  +----- Y_panhai 75         
	  |        |  +--+                          
	  |        |     |  +-- Y_dalliana 77       
	  |        |     +--+                       
	  |        |        +-- Y_nesemanni 76      
	  |        |                                
	  |        |        +-- L_comptus 78        
	  |        |  +-----+                       
	  |        |  |     +-- L_novoselovi 79     
	  |        +--+                             
	  |           |  +----- L_eximius 80        
	  |           +--+                          
	  |              |  +-- L_contradens 81     
	  |              +--+                       
	  |                 +-- L_micropterus 82    
	  |                                         
	  |  +----------------- A_anatina 85        
	  |  |                                      
	  |  +----------------- A_arcaeformis 86    
	  |  |                                      
	  |  +----------------- A_chinensis 83      
	  |  |                                      
	  |  +----------------- A_cygnea 87         
	  |  |                                      
	  |  +----------------- A_marginata 84      
	  |  |                                      
	  |  +----------------- A_nuttalliana 89    
	  |  |                                      
	  |  +----------------- C_plicata 88        
	  |  |                                      
	  |  +----------------- L_compressa 90      
	  |  |                                      
	  |  +----------------- L_languilati 91     
	  |  |                                      
	  |  +----------------- P_complanata 92     
	  |  |                                      
	  |  +----------------- P_grandis 93        
	  |  |                                      
	  |  +----------------- S_ambigua 94        
	  |  |                                      
	  |  +----------------- S_undulatus 95      
	  |  |                                      
	  |  |              +-- S_lampreyanus 96    
	  |  +--------------+                       
	  |  |              +-- S_spinosus 97       
	  |  |                                      
	  |  |              +-- U_imbecillis 98     
	  |  +--------------+                       
	  |  |              +-- U_peninsularis 99   
	  |  |                                      
	  |  |        +-------- L_gladiola 100      
	  |  +--------+                             
	  |  |        |  +----- L_grayii 101        
	  |  |        +--+                          
	  +--+           |  +-- L_lanceolata 102    
	     |           +--+                       
	     |              +-- L_triformis 103     
	     |                                      
	     |        +-------- U_tumidus 104       
	     +--------+                             
	     |        |  +----- U_crassus 105       
	     |        +--+                          
	     |           |  +-- U_delphinus 106     
	     |           +--+                       
	     |              +-- U_pictorum 107      
	     |                                      
	     |        +-------- A_tortuosa 108      
	     |        |                             
	     +--------+     +-- A_coreana 109       
	     |        |  +--+                       
	     |        |  |  +-- A_scripta 110       
	     |        +--+                          
	     |           |  +-- A_fibrosa 111       
	     |           +--+                       
	     |              +-- A_tientsinensis 112 
	     |                                      
	     |        +-------- C_celtiformis 114   
	     |        |                             
	     |        +-------- C_heudei 113        
	     |        |                             
	     +--------+-------- C_pisciculus 115    
	     |        |                             
	     |        +-------- C_rufescens 116     
	     |        |                             
	     |        |  +----- N_douglasiae 117    
	     |        +--+                          
	     |           |  +-- N_douglasiae 118    
	     |           +--+                       
	     |              +-- N_nuxpersicae 119   
	     |                                      
	     |  +-------------- P_tenuis 120        
	     |  |                                   
	     +--+           +-- S_angula 121        
	        |  +--------+                       
	        |  |        +-- S_lucida 122        
	        +--+                                
	           |  +-------- S_woodiana 123      
	           +--+                             
	              |  +----- Sinanodonta 124     
	              +--+                          
	                 |  +-- S_woodiana 125      
	                 +--+                       
	                    +-- Sinanodonta 126     
  

Bolotov et al., 2020 ** Top Sister Group Test Publication **

fig. 1: [clade_id: 17205] "Chamberlainiini" + Lamprotulini + Gonideini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 74, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 5
(S_iridinea, S_recognita, S_carinata, L_wheatleyi, M_bonellii, G_angulata, P_pfisteri, P_rivularis, L_leaii, Lamprotula, L_caveata, P_littoralis, P_japanensis, S_cumingii, C_hainesiana, S_recognita, S_oleivora)


	  +-- C_hainesiana 15
	  |                  
	  +-- G_angulata 6   
	  |                  
	  +-- L_caveata 11   
	  |                  
	  +-- L_leaii 9      
	  |                  
	  +-- L_wheatleyi 4  
	  |                  
	  +-- Lamprotula 10  
	  |                  
	  +-- M_bonellii 5   
	  |                  
	  +-- P_japanensis 13
	  |                  
	--+-- P_littoralis 12
	  |                  
	  +-- P_pfisteri 7   
	  |                  
	  +-- P_rivularis 8  
	  |                  
	  +-- S_carinata 3   
	  |                  
	  +-- S_cumingii 14  
	  |                  
	  +-- S_iridinea 1   
	  |                  
	  +-- S_oleivora 17  
	  |                  
	  +-- S_recognita 16 
	  |                  
	  +-- S_recognita 2  
  

fig. S1: [clade_id: 17428] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 74, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 5
(S_cumingii, C_hainesiana)


	  +-- C_hainesiana 2
	--+                 
	  +-- S_cumingii 1  
  

Lopes-Lima et al., 2020

fig. 16: [clade_id: 16813] "Chamberlainiini" + Lamprotulini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 5, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(C_hainesiana, (S_schlegelii, (P_japanensis, (L_caveata, (L_leaii, (L_seomjinensis, Lamprotula))))))


	  +----------------- C_hainesiana 1  
	--+                                  
	  |  +-------------- S_schlegelii 2  
	  +--+                               
	     |  +----------- P_japanensis 3  
	     +--+                            
	        |  +-------- L_caveata 4     
	        +--+                         
	           |  +----- L_leaii 5       
	           +--+                      
	              |  +-- L_seomjinensis 6
	              +--+                   
	                 +-- Lamprotula 7    
  

fig. 17: [clade_id: 16837] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 13, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
(C_hainesiana, (S_cumingii, (S_cumingii, S_cumingii, S_cumingii, S_cumingii, S_cumingii, S_cumingii, S_cumingii, S_cumingii, S_cumingii, (S_schlegelii, S_goliath))))


	  +----------- C_hainesiana 1 
	  |                           
	  |  +-------- S_cumingii 2   
	--+  |                        
	  |  |  +----- S_cumingii 10  
	  |  |  |                     
	  |  |  +----- S_cumingii 11  
	  +--+  |                     
	     |  +----- S_cumingii 3   
	     |  |                     
	     |  +----- S_cumingii 4   
	     |  |                     
	     |  +----- S_cumingii 5   
	     +--+                     
	        +----- S_cumingii 6   
	        |                     
	        +----- S_cumingii 7   
	        |                     
	        +----- S_cumingii 8   
	        |                     
	        +----- S_cumingii 9   
	        |                     
	        |  +-- S_goliath 13   
	        +--+                  
	           +-- S_schlegelii 12
  

fig. 2-4: [clade_id: 16578] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 3, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 32, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 5
(C_hainesiana, (S_cumingii, S_schlegelii))


	  +----- C_hainesiana 1
	--+                    
	  |  +-- S_cumingii 2  
	  +--+                 
	     +-- S_schlegelii 3
  

Zieritz et al., 2021

fig. 3-F, 5: [clade_id: 20301] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 3, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 14, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 5
(C_hainesiana, (S_cumingii, S_schlegelii))


	  +----- C_hainesiana 1
	--+                    
	  |  +-- S_cumingii 2  
	  +--+                 
	     +-- S_schlegelii 3
  

fig. 3-M, 4: [clade_id: 20401] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 10, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 5
(C_hainesiana, S_cumingii)


	  +-- C_hainesiana 1
	--+                 
	  +-- S_cumingii 2  
  

Sano et al., 2020

fig. 1: [clade_id: 18155] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 3, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 7, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(S_schlegelii, S_schlegelii, S_cumingii)


	  +-- S_cumingii 3  
	  |                 
	--+-- S_schlegelii 1
	  |                 
	  +-- S_schlegelii 2
  

fig. 2: [clade_id: 18354] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 3, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 6, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(S_cumingii, (S_schlegelii, S_cumingii))


	  +----- S_cumingii 1  
	--+                    
	  |  +-- S_cumingii 3  
	  +--+                 
	     +-- S_schlegelii 2
  

fig. 3: [clade_id: 18509] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 3, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 6, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(S_cumingii, (S_schlegelii, S_cumingii))


	  +----- S_cumingii 1  
	--+                    
	  |  +-- S_cumingii 3  
	  +--+                 
	     +-- S_schlegelii 2
  

fig. 4: [clade_id: 18660] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 3, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 6, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(S_cumingii, (S_schlegelii, S_cumingii))


	  +----- S_cumingii 1  
	--+                    
	  |  +-- S_cumingii 3  
	  +--+                 
	     +-- S_schlegelii 2
  

Chen et al., 2020

fig. 1: [clade_id: 19285] "Chamberlainiini" + Quadrulini + Gonideini + Anodontini + Lamprotulini + Lampsilini + Pseudodontini + Unionini
spp. terminals: 3, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 8, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 3
(((A_heterodon, (A_varicosa, A_euscaphys)), ((L_caveata, C_hainesiana), (M_vondembuschiana, P_exilis))), (((S_lampreyanus, (L_languilati, (A_coreana, A_tortuosa))), ((L_compressa, (U_imbecillis, P_grandis)), (S_lucida, (C_plicata, (A_cygnea, A_anatina))))), ((G_crassa, (Q_quadrula, (T_parvum, (L_ornata, (L_leptodon, (L_siliquoidea, L_powellii)))))), ((U_peninsularis, P_alatus), (L_leaii, ((S_cumingii, S_schlegelii), (P_rivularis, (S_carinata, (S_iridinea, S_oleivora)))))))))


	                       +----- A_heterodon 1      
	                    +--+                         
	                    |  |  +-- A_euscaphys 3      
	                    |  +--+                      
	                    |     +-- A_varicosa 2       
	  +-----------------+                            
	  |                 |     +-- M_vondembuschiana 6
	  |                 |  +--+                      
	  |                 |  |  +-- P_exilis 7         
	  |                 +--+                         
	  |                    |  +-- C_hainesiana 5     
	  |                    +--+                      
	  |                       +-- L_caveata 4        
	  |                                              
	  |                 +-------- S_lampreyanus 8    
	  |           +-----+                            
	  |           |     |  +----- L_languilati 9     
	  |           |     +--+                         
	--+           |        |  +-- A_coreana 10       
	  |           |        +--+                      
	  |  +--------+           +-- A_tortuosa 11      
	  |  |        |                                  
	  |  |        |        +----- L_compressa 12     
	  |  |        |  +-----+                         
	  |  |        |  |     |  +-- P_grandis 14       
	  |  |        |  |     +--+                      
	  |  |        +--+        +-- U_imbecillis 13    
	  |  |           |                               
	  |  |           |  +-------- S_lucida 15        
	  |  |           +--+                            
	  |  |              |  +----- C_plicata 16       
	  |  |              +--+                         
	  +--+                 |  +-- A_anatina 18       
	     |                 +--+                      
	     |                    +-- A_cygnea 17        
	     |                                           
	     |     +----------------- G_crassa 19        
	     |  +--+                                     
	     |  |  |  +-------------- Q_quadrula 20      
	     |  |  +--+                                  
	     |  |     |  +----------- T_parvum 21        
	     |  |     +--+                               
	     |  |        |  +-------- L_ornata 22        
	     |  |        +--+                            
	     |  |           |  +----- L_leptodon 23      
	     +--+           +--+                         
	        |              |  +-- L_powellii 25      
	        |              +--+                      
	        |                 +-- L_siliquoidea 24   
	        |                                        
	        |                 +-- P_alatus 27        
	        |  +--------------+                      
	        |  |              +-- U_peninsularis 26  
	        +--+                                     
	           |  +-------------- L_leaii 28         
	           |  |                                  
	           +--+           +-- S_cumingii 29      
	              |  +--------+                      
	              |  |        +-- S_schlegelii 30    
	              +--+                               
	                 |  +-------- P_rivularis 31     
	                 +--+                            
	                    |  +----- S_carinata 32      
	                    +--+                         
	                       |  +-- S_iridinea 33      
	                       +--+                      
	                          +-- S_oleivora 34      
  

Froufe et al., 2019

fig. 3: [clade_id: 15280] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 3, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 10, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 3
(C_hainesiana, (S_cumingii, S_schlegelii))


	  +----- C_hainesiana 1
	--+                    
	  |  +-- S_cumingii 2  
	  +--+                 
	     +-- S_schlegelii 3
  

fig. 3-M: [clade_id: 15327] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 6, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 3
(C_hainesiana, S_cumingii)


	  +-- C_hainesiana 1
	--+                 
	  +-- S_cumingii 2  
  

fig. 4: [clade_id: 15365] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 6, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 3
(C_hainesiana, S_cumingii)


	  +-- C_hainesiana 1
	--+                 
	  +-- S_cumingii 2  
  

fig. 6: [clade_id: 15455] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 3, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 10, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 3
(C_hainesiana, (S_cumingii, S_schlegelii))


	  +----- C_hainesiana 1
	--+                    
	  |  +-- S_cumingii 2  
	  +--+                 
	     +-- S_schlegelii 3
  

Wang et al., 2016

fig. 2: [clade_id: 7352] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
(S_schlegelii, S_cumingii)


	  +-- S_cumingii 2  
	--+                 
	  +-- S_schlegelii 1
  

Wang et al., 2018

fig. 2: [clade_id: 12776] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 6, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(S_cumingii, S_schlegelii)


	  +-- S_cumingii 1  
	--+                 
	  +-- S_schlegelii 2
  

Fukata & Iigo, 2020

fig. 1: [clade_id: 17055] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 10, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 3
(S_cumingii, S_schlegelii)


	  +-- S_cumingii 1  
	--+                 
	  +-- S_schlegelii 2
  

Aunins et al., 2018

fig. 1: [clade_id: 13509] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 5, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(S_cumingii, S_schlegelii)


	  +-- S_cumingii 1  
	--+                 
	  +-- S_schlegelii 2
  

Wu et al., 2019

fig. 3: [clade_id: 13596] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 6, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(S_cumingii, S_schlegelii)


	  +-- S_cumingii 1  
	--+                 
	  +-- S_schlegelii 2
  

Shirai et al., 2010

fig. 4: [clade_id: 4496] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(S_cumingii, S_schlegelii)


	  +-- S_cumingii 1  
	--+                 
	  +-- S_schlegelii 2
  

Wang et al., 2018

fig. 2: [clade_id: 13691] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 6, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(S_schlegelii, S_cumingii)


	  +-- S_cumingii 2  
	--+                 
	  +-- S_schlegelii 1
  

Wu et al., 2020

fig. 3: [clade_id: 17896] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 6, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(S_schlegelii, S_cumingii)


	  +-- S_cumingii 2  
	--+                 
	  +-- S_schlegelii 1
  

Lopes-Lima et al., 2017

fig. 1-2: [clade_id: 8766] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 24, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 5
(C_hainesiana, S_cumingii)


	  +-- C_hainesiana 1
	--+                 
	  +-- S_cumingii 2  
  

Huang et al., 2013

fig. 3: [clade_id: 6628] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 2, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(S_cumingii, S_schlegelii)


	  +-- S_cumingii 1  
	--+                 
	  +-- S_schlegelii 2
  

Bolotov et al., 2017

fig. S1: [clade_id: 8889] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 48, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 5
(S_cumingii, C_hainesiana)


	  +-- C_hainesiana 2
	--+                 
	  +-- S_cumingii 1  
  

fig. S2: [clade_id: 9393] "Chamberlainiini" + Quadrulini + Lamellidentini + Amblemini + Rectidentini + Pleurobemini + Pseudodontini + Coelaturini + Contradentini + Gonideini + Castaliini + Lampsilini + Parreysiini + Indochinellini + Rhipidodontini + Lanceolariini + Anodontini + Hyriini + Lamprotulini + Leoparreysiini + Unionini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 48, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 5
((C_hainesiana, (C_monodonta, (G_laosensis, (P_auricularius, P_marocanus), ((M_dahurica, M_margaritifera), (M_falcata, (M_middendorffi, (M_laevis, M_marrianae))))))), (((A_elongata, E_elliptica), (A_pfeifferiana, C_wahlbergi)), ((D_suavidicus, (C_ambigua, T_corrugatus)), ((V_ambiguus, (A_jacksoni, A_profuga)), (M_anodontaeformis, (A_pertexta, L_froggatti))))), (((P_corrugata, ((L_corrianus, T_exolescens), (L_savadiensis, L_corrianus, (L_marginalis, (L_marginalis, L_generosus))))), ((L_olivacea, L_tavoyensis), ((N_teretiuscula, (C_aegyptiaca, (C_aegyptiaca, (C_gabonensis, (C_kunenensis, P_mweruensis))))), ((I_khadakvaslaensis, (I_caerulea, I_khadakvaslaensis)), ((I_pugio, S_crispata), ((S_humilis, S_crispata), (R_myitkyinae, R_chaudhurii))))))), ((((U_tumidus, (U_crassus, U_pictorum)), (A_tortuosa, S_lampreyanus, (N_douglasiae, N_nuxpersicae), (C_heudei, (C_pisciculus, C_rufescens)))), ((L_grayii, L_gladiola), ((C_plicata, Cristaria), (P_tenuis, (S_lucida, (Anemina, Sinanodonta)))), (A_anatina, P_complanata, (A_cygnea, A_nuttalliana), (P_grandis, S_ambigua, S_undulatus, (A_marginata, L_compressa))))), ((((L_contradens, (L_eximius, (L_comptus, L_novoselovi))), ((Physunio, (P_modelli, P_superbus)), (Y_inlenensis, (Y_panhai, (Y_dalliana, Y_nesemanni))))), ((H_panhai, H_khoratensis, (H_myersiana, H_bialata)), (H_desowitzi, R_sumatrensis, ((E_telus, E_ingallsianus), (E_sagittarius, (E_spiculus, E_jaculus)))))), (((A_plicata, (C_iris, (O_ligamentina, L_cardium))), ((Q_quadrula, T_verrucosa), (P_sintoxia, (E_complanata, E_dilatata)))), (((S_cumingii, ((L_caveata, L_leaii), (P_littoralis, P_japanensis))), (S_carinata, (S_oleivora, S_recognita), (G_angulata, (M_bonellii, (L_wheatleyi, Leguminaia))))), ((P_exilis, P_compressa), (P_inoscularis, (T_callifera, (B_exilis, (B_mouhotii, B_loeiensis))), ((M_cambodjensis, (M_mekongi, (M_vondembuschiana, M_laosica))), ((P_inoscularis, S_tumida), (N_nyeinchani, S_cumingii)))))))))))


	                 +-------------------- C_hainesiana 1       
	                 |                                          
	  +--------------+  +----------------- C_monodonta 2        
	  |              |  |                                       
	  |              |  |  +-------------- G_laosensis 3        
	  |              +--+  |                                    
	  |                 |  |           +-- P_auricularius 4     
	  |                 |  +-----------+                        
	  |                 +--+           +-- P_marocanus 5        
	  |                    |                                    
	  |                    |           +-- M_dahurica 6         
	  |                    |  +--------+                        
	  |                    |  |        +-- M_margaritifera 7    
	  |                    +--+                                 
	  |                       |  +-------- M_falcata 8          
	  |                       +--+                              
	  |                          |  +----- M_middendorffi 9     
	  |                          +--+                           
	  |                             |  +-- M_laevis 10          
	  |                             +--+                        
	  |                                +-- M_marrianae 11       
	  |                                                         
	  |                                +-- A_elongata 12        
	  |                             +--+                        
	  |                             |  +-- E_elliptica 13       
	  |                    +--------+                           
	  |                    |        |  +-- A_pfeifferiana 14    
	  |                    |        +--+                        
	  |                    |           +-- C_wahlbergi 15       
	  |                    |                                    
	  +--------------------+        +----- D_suavidicus 16      
	  |                    |  +-----+                           
	  |                    |  |     |  +-- C_ambigua 17         
	  |                    |  |     +--+                        
	  |                    |  |        +-- T_corrugatus 18      
	  |                    +--+                                 
	  |                       |     +----- V_ambiguus 19        
	  |                       |  +--+                           
	  |                       |  |  |  +-- A_jacksoni 20        
	  |                       |  |  +--+                        
	  |                       +--+     +-- A_profuga 21         
	  |                          |                              
	  |                          |  +----- M_anodontaeformis 22 
	  |                          +--+                           
	  |                             |  +-- A_pertexta 23        
	  |                             +--+                        
	  |                                +-- L_froggatti 24       
	  |                                                         
	  |                    +-------------- P_corrugata 25       
	  |                    |                                    
	  |           +--------+           +-- L_corrianus 26       
	  |           |        |  +--------+                        
	  |           |        |  |        +-- T_exolescens 27      
	  |           |        +--+                                 
	--+           |           |  +-------- L_corrianus 29       
	  |           |           |  |                              
	  |           |           +--+-------- L_savadiensis 28     
	  |           |              |                              
	  |           |              |  +----- L_marginalis 30      
	  |           |              +--+                           
	  |  +--------+                 |  +-- L_generosus 32       
	  |  |        |                 +--+                        
	  |  |        |                    +-- L_marginalis 31      
	  |  |        |                                             
	  |  |        |                    +-- L_olivacea 33        
	  |  |        |  +-----------------+                        
	  |  |        |  |                 +-- L_tavoyensis 34      
	  |  |        |  |                                          
	  |  |        |  |     +-------------- N_teretiuscula 35    
	  |  |        |  |  +--+                                    
	  |  |        |  |  |  |  +----------- C_aegyptiaca 36      
	  |  |        +--+  |  +--+                                 
	  |  |           |  |     |  +-------- C_aegyptiaca 37      
	  |  |           |  |     +--+                              
	  |  |           |  |        |  +----- C_gabonensis 38      
	  |  |           |  |        +--+                           
	  |  |           |  |           |  +-- C_kunenensis 39      
	  |  |           +--+           +--+                        
	  |  |              |              +-- P_mweruensis 40      
	  |  |              |                                       
	  |  |              |           +----- I_khadakvaslaensis 41
	  |  |              |     +-----+                           
	  |  |              |     |     |  +-- I_caerulea 42        
	  |  |              |     |     +--+                        
	  |  |              |     |        +-- I_khadakvaslaensis 43
	  |  |              +-----+                                 
	  |  |                    |        +-- I_pugio 44           
	  |  |                    |  +-----+                        
	  |  |                    |  |     +-- S_crispata 45        
	  |  |                    |  |                              
	  |  |                    +--+     +-- S_crispata 47        
	  |  |                       |  +--+                        
	  |  |                       |  |  +-- S_humilis 46         
	  |  |                       +--+                           
	  |  |                          |  +-- R_chaudhurii 49      
	  |  |                          +--+                        
	  |  |                             +-- R_myitkyinae 48      
	  |  |                                                      
	  |  |                          +----- U_tumidus 50         
	  |  |                    +-----+                           
	  |  |                    |     |  +-- U_crassus 51         
	  |  |                    |     +--+                        
	  |  |                    |        +-- U_pictorum 52        
	  |  |              +-----+                                 
	  |  |              |     |  +-------- A_tortuosa 53        
	  |  |              |     |  |                              
	  |  |              |     |  +-------- S_lampreyanus 54     
	  +--+              |     |  |                              
	     |              |     +--+     +-- N_douglasiae 55      
	     |              |        +-----+                        
	     |              |        |     +-- N_nuxpersicae 56     
	     |              |        |                              
	     |              |        |  +----- C_heudei 57          
	     |              |        +--+                           
	     |              |           |  +-- C_pisciculus 58      
	     |              |           +--+                        
	     |  +-----------+              +-- C_rufescens 59       
	     |  |           |                                       
	     |  |           |              +-- L_gladiola 61        
	     |  |           |  +-----------+                        
	     |  |           |  |           +-- L_grayii 60          
	     |  |           |  |                                    
	     |  |           |  |           +-- C_plicata 62         
	     |  |           |  |  +--------+                        
	     |  |           |  |  |        +-- Cristaria 63         
	     |  |           |  +--+                                 
	     |  |           |  |  |  +-------- P_tenuis 64          
	     |  |           |  |  +--+                              
	     |  |           |  |     |  +----- S_lucida 65          
	     |  |           +--+     +--+                           
	     |  |              |        |  +-- Anemina 66           
	     |  |              |        +--+                        
	     |  |              |           +-- Sinanodonta 67       
	     |  |              |                                    
	     |  |              |     +-------- A_anatina 68         
	     |  |              |     |                              
	     |  |              |     +-------- P_complanata 69      
	     |  |              |     |                              
	     |  |              |     |     +-- A_cygnea 70          
	     |  |              +-----+-----+                        
	     |  |                    |     +-- A_nuttalliana 71     
	     |  |                    |                              
	     |  |                    |  +----- P_grandis 72         
	     |  |                    |  |                           
	     |  |                    |  +----- S_ambigua 73         
	     |  |                    +--+                           
	     |  |                       +----- S_undulatus 74       
	     |  |                       |                           
	     |  |                       |  +-- A_marginata 75       
	     |  |                       +--+                        
	     |  |                          +-- L_compressa 76       
	     |  |                                                   
	     |  |                    +-------- L_contradens 77      
	     |  |              +-----+                              
	     +--+              |     |  +----- L_eximius 78         
	        |              |     +--+                           
	        |              |        |  +-- L_comptus 79         
	        |              |        +--+                        
	        |           +--+           +-- L_novoselovi 80      
	        |           |  |                                    
	        |           |  |        +----- Physunio 81          
	        |           |  |  +-----+                           
	        |           |  |  |     |  +-- P_modelli 82         
	        |           |  |  |     +--+                        
	        |           |  +--+        +-- P_superbus 83        
	        |           |     |                                 
	        |           |     |  +-------- Y_inlenensis 84      
	        |           |     +--+                              
	        |           |        |  +----- Y_panhai 85          
	        |  +--------+        +--+                           
	        |  |        |           |  +-- Y_dalliana 86        
	        |  |        |           +--+                        
	        |  |        |              +-- Y_nesemanni 87       
	        |  |        |                                       
	        |  |        |           +----- H_khoratensis 89     
	        |  |        |           |                           
	        |  |        |  +--------+----- H_panhai 88          
	        |  |        |  |        |                           
	        |  |        |  |        |  +-- H_bialata 91         
	        |  |        |  |        +--+                        
	        |  |        +--+           +-- H_myersiana 90       
	        |  |           |                                    
	        |  |           |  +----------- H_desowitzi 92       
	        |  |           |  |                                 
	        |  |           |  +----------- R_sumatrensis 93     
	        |  |           +--+                                 
	        |  |              |        +-- E_ingallsianus 95    
	        |  |              |  +-----+                        
	        |  |              |  |     +-- E_telus 94           
	        |  |              +--+                              
	        |  |                 |  +----- E_sagittarius 96     
	        |  |                 +--+                           
	        |  |                    |  +-- E_jaculus 98         
	        +--+                    +--+                        
	           |                       +-- E_spiculus 97        
	           |                                                
	           |                 +-------- A_plicata 99         
	           |              +--+                              
	           |              |  |  +----- C_iris 100           
	           |              |  +--+                           
	           |              |     |  +-- L_cardium 102        
	           |              |     +--+                        
	           |  +-----------+        +-- O_ligamentina 101    
	           |  |           |                                 
	           |  |           |        +-- Q_quadrula 103       
	           |  |           |  +-----+                        
	           |  |           |  |     +-- T_verrucosa 104      
	           |  |           +--+                              
	           |  |              |  +----- P_sintoxia 105       
	           |  |              +--+                           
	           |  |                 |  +-- E_complanata 106     
	           |  |                 +--+                        
	           |  |                    +-- E_dilatata 107       
	           |  |                                             
	           |  |              +-------- S_cumingii 108       
	           |  |              |                              
	           |  |        +-----+     +-- L_caveata 109        
	           +--+        |     |  +--+                        
	              |        |     |  |  +-- L_leaii 110          
	              |        |     +--+                           
	              |        |        |  +-- P_japanensis 112     
	              |  +-----+        +--+                        
	              |  |     |           +-- P_littoralis 111     
	              |  |     |                                    
	              |  |     |  +----------- S_carinata 113       
	              |  |     |  |                                 
	              |  |     |  |        +-- S_oleivora 114       
	              |  |     +--+--------+                        
	              |  |        |        +-- S_recognita 115      
	              |  |        |                                 
	              |  |        |  +-------- G_angulata 116       
	              |  |        +--+                              
	              +--+           |  +----- M_bonellii 117       
	                 |           +--+                           
	                 |              |  +-- L_wheatleyi 118      
	                 |              +--+                        
	                 |                 +-- Leguminaia 119       
	                 |                                          
	                 |                 +-- P_compressa 121      
	                 |  +--------------+                        
	                 |  |              +-- P_exilis 120         
	                 |  |                                       
	                 |  |  +-------------- P_inoscularis 122    
	                 |  |  |                                    
	                 +--+  |     +-------- T_callifera 123      
	                    |  +-----+                              
	                    |  |     |  +----- B_exilis 124         
	                    |  |     +--+                           
	                    |  |        |  +-- B_loeiensis 126      
	                    |  |        +--+                        
	                    +--+           +-- B_mouhotii 125       
	                       |                                    
	                       |     +-------- M_cambodjensis 127   
	                       |  +--+                              
	                       |  |  |  +----- M_mekongi 128        
	                       |  |  +--+                           
	                       |  |     |  +-- M_laosica 130        
	                       |  |     +--+                        
	                       +--+        +-- M_vondembuschiana 129
	                          |                                 
	                          |        +-- P_inoscularis 131    
	                          |     +--+                        
	                          |     |  +-- S_tumida 132         
	                          +-----+                           
	                                |  +-- N_nyeinchani 133     
	                                +--+                        
	                                   +-- S_cumingii 134       
  

Wu et al., 2018

fig. 2: [clade_id: 18752] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 4, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(S_schlegelii, S_cumingii)


	  +-- S_cumingii 2  
	--+                 
	  +-- S_schlegelii 1
  

Wu et al., 2020

fig. 3: [clade_id: 18771] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 7, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(S_schlegelii, S_cumingii)


	  +-- S_cumingii 2  
	--+                 
	  +-- S_schlegelii 1
  

Bolotov et al., 2017

fig. S1: [clade_id: 9485] "Chamberlainiini" + Lamprotulini + Gonideini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 50, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 5
(C_hainesiana, S_cumingii, L_caveata, L_leaii, P_littoralis, P_japanensis, G_angulata, L_wheatleyi, Leguminaia, M_bonellii, S_carinata, S_oleivora, S_recognita)


	  +-- C_hainesiana 1
	  |                 
	  +-- G_angulata 7  
	  |                 
	  +-- L_caveata 3   
	  |                 
	  +-- L_leaii 4     
	  |                 
	  +-- L_wheatleyi 8 
	  |                 
	  +-- Leguminaia 9  
	  |                 
	--+-- M_bonellii 10 
	  |                 
	  +-- P_japanensis 6
	  |                 
	  +-- P_littoralis 5
	  |                 
	  +-- S_carinata 11 
	  |                 
	  +-- S_cumingii 2  
	  |                 
	  +-- S_oleivora 12 
	  |                 
	  +-- S_recognita 13
  

Guerra et al., 2017

fig. 2a: [clade_id: 9791] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(S_schlegelii, S_cumingii)


	  +-- S_cumingii 2  
	--+                 
	  +-- S_schlegelii 1
  

fig. 2b: [clade_id: 9855] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(S_schlegelii, S_cumingii)


	  +-- S_cumingii 2  
	--+                 
	  +-- S_schlegelii 1
  

Fonseca et al., 2016

fig. 1: [clade_id: 7963] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 5, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(S_cumingii, S_schlegelii)


	  +-- S_cumingii 1  
	--+                 
	  +-- S_schlegelii 2
  

Pfeiffer & Graf, 2013

fig. 2: [clade_id: 6688] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 10, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 4
(S_cumingii, S_schlegelii)


	  +-- S_cumingii 1  
	--+                 
	  +-- S_schlegelii 2
  

Zhou et al., 2017

fig. 2: [clade_id: 8327] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 5, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(S_cumingii, S_schlegelii)


	  +-- S_cumingii 1  
	--+                 
	  +-- S_schlegelii 2
  

Cha et al., 2018

fig. 1: [clade_id: 14636] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 7, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(S_cumingii, S_schlegelii)


	  +-- S_cumingii 1  
	--+                 
	  +-- S_schlegelii 2
  

Froufe et al., 2015

fig. 1: [clade_id: 7187] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 5, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(S_cumingii, S_schlegelii)


	  +-- S_cumingii 1  
	--+                 
	  +-- S_schlegelii 2
  

Wei et al., 2016

fig. 0: [clade_id: 7296] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
(S_cumingii, S_schlegelii)


	  +-- S_cumingii 1  
	--+                 
	  +-- S_schlegelii 2
  

Lopes-Lima et al., 2017

fig. 2: [clade_id: 8570] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 5, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(S_cumingii, S_schlegelii)


	  +-- S_cumingii 1  
	--+                 
	  +-- S_schlegelii 2
  

Sano et al., 2017

fig. 1: [clade_id: 9933] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
unknown

fig. 2: [clade_id: 10034] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 6, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(S_schlegelii, S_cumingii)


	  +-- S_cumingii 2  
	--+                 
	  +-- S_schlegelii 1
  

Plazzi et al., 2011

fig. 5: [clade_id: 4988] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(S_cumingii, S_schlegelii)


	  +-- S_cumingii 1  
	--+                 
	  +-- S_schlegelii 2
  

Zhou et al., 2007

fig. 1: [clade_id: 3345] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(S_cumingii, S_schlegelii)


	  +-- S_cumingii 1  
	--+                 
	  +-- S_schlegelii 2
  

Pfeiffer et al., 2019

fig. 4-5: [clade_id: 15051] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 15, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 5
(C_hainesiana, S_cumingii)


	  +-- C_hainesiana 1
	--+                 
	  +-- S_cumingii 2  
  

fig. 6: [clade_id: 15160] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 15, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 5
(C_hainesiana, S_cumingii)


	  +-- C_hainesiana 1
	--+                 
	  +-- S_cumingii 2  
  

Peng et al., 2012

fig. 1: [clade_id: 6055] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
(S_schlegelii, S_cumingii)


	  +-- S_cumingii 2  
	--+                 
	  +-- S_schlegelii 1
  

Huang et al., 2018

fig. 6: [clade_id: 10708] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 6, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(S_cumingii, S_schlegelii)


	  +-- S_cumingii 1  
	--+                 
	  +-- S_schlegelii 2
  

Wu et al., 2021

fig. 3: [clade_id: 19804] "Chamberlainiini" + Pseudodontini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 17, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 3
(C_hainesiana, (S_cumingii, S_schlegelii))


	  +----- C_hainesiana 1
	--+                    
	  |  +-- S_cumingii 2  
	  +--+                 
	     +-- S_schlegelii 3
  

Sheng et al., 2014

fig. 2: [clade_id: 6753] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
(S_cumingii, S_schlegelii)


	  +-- S_cumingii 1  
	--+                 
	  +-- S_schlegelii 2
  

Jeratthitikul et al., 2021

fig. 1: [clade_id: 20040] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 36, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 5
(C_hainesiana, S_cumingii)


	  +-- C_hainesiana 1
	--+                 
	  +-- S_cumingii 2  
  

fig. 2: [clade_id: 20115] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 2
rigorous outgroups.: 35, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 5
(C_hainesiana, S_cumingii)


	  +-- C_hainesiana 1
	--+                 
	  +-- S_cumingii 2  
  

Zhou et al., 2016

fig. 1: [clade_id: 7410] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 4, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(S_cumingii, S_schlegelii)


	  +-- S_cumingii 1  
	--+                 
	  +-- S_schlegelii 2
  

Wu et al., 2016

fig. 1: [clade_id: 7385] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 2, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 4, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
(S_schlegelii, S_cumingii)


	  +-- S_cumingii 2  
	--+                 
	  +-- S_schlegelii 1
  

Xia et al., 2016

fig. 7B: [clade_id: 7356] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

Zieritz et al., 2020

fig. 4: [clade_id: 17030] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 30, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 5
unknown

Burzynski & Soroka, 2018

fig. 5a: [clade_id: 13468] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 4, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
unknown

Plazzi & Passamonti, 2010

fig. 2-3: [clade_id: 4502] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

Mabuchi & Nishida, 2020

fig. 1: [clade_id: 17686] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
unknown

Chen et al., 2012

fig. 4: [clade_id: 6389] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

Zhang et al., 2004

fig. 1: [clade_id: 2617] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

Breton et al., 2011

fig. 3: [clade_id: 4933] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

Burzynski et al., 2017

fig. 1 bottom: [clade_id: 8312] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 4, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
unknown

fig. 1 top: [clade_id: 8287] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 4, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
unknown

Xue et al., 2016

fig. 1: [clade_id: 7117] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

Teiga-Teixeira et al., 2020

fig. 1: [clade_id: 19313] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

Huang et al., 2002

fig. 1: [clade_id: 1797] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
unknown

fig. 2: [clade_id: 1849] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
unknown

Campbell et al., 2005

fig. 1: [clade_id: 464] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
unknown

fig. 2: [clade_id: 692] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 3, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
unknown

Kim et al., 2021

fig. 1: [clade_id: 19481] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 0, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 0
unknown

Jiang et al., 2010

fig. 5: [clade_id: 4765] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 1, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 1
unknown

Zieritz et al., 2021

fig. 5: [clade_id: 19977] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 27, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 5
unknown

Wu et al., 2018

fig. 2: [clade_id: 10517] Chamberlainiini
spp. terminals: 1, direct-child terminals: 1
rigorous outgroups.: 9, direct-child rigorous outgroups: 2
unknown

Page updated: 09:21:09 Tue 04 Jan 2022

 
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