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Page last updated
Thu 05 Dec 2019

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

This page documents data for Rafinesque (1818), such as genera and species attributed to that publication (including known misspellings, misidentifications, and other unavailable names) as well as taxonomic opinions, if available. Taxonomic opinions refer to uses of genera and species as valid and invalid in that work.

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Publication information

Rafinesque, C.S. 1818. Discoveries in natural history, made during a journey through the Western region of the United States. American Monthly Magazine and Criticial Review 3: 354-355.

Attributed Genus Names

Potamilus Rafinesque, 1818
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag. 3: 355.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22.
Type species: Unio alatus Say, 1817 (sub. desig. by Morrison, 1969) = Potamilus alatus

Attributed Species Names

Potamilus phaiedrus Rafinesque, 1818
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag. 3: 355. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. 88: 426 [as ‘U. (Proptera) phaiedra’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 29.

Potamilus alatus Rafinesque, 1818
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag. 3: 355. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. 88: 426 [as ‘U. (Proptera) alata’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 29.
(reference to Unio alatus Say, 1817)

Potamilus tubercularis Rafinesque, 1818
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag. 3: 355. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 23.
(incorrect original spelling of Obliquaria (Rotundaria) tuberculata Rafinesque, 1820)

Obliquaria (Ellipsaria) verrucosa Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag. 3: 355 [as ‘Potamilus verrucosus’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. 88: 426 [as ‘U. (Plagiola) verrucosa’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 304, pl. 81, figs. 10-12.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 23, 29, 48.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20235, Ohio River.

Unio (Leptodea) fragilis Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag. 3: 355 [‘Potamilus fragilis’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 295.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 41.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20209, creeks, Kentucky.

Anodonta (Lastena) ohiensis var. violacina Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag. 3: 355 [as ‘Potamilus violacinus’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 317.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 59.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Anodonta (Lastena) ohiensis Rafinesque, 1820)

Obliquaria (Rotundaria) tuberculata Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag. 3: 355 [as ‘Potamilus tubercularis’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 308.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 23, 52.
(correct name for Potamilus tubercularis Rafinesque, 1818)
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20215, Ohio River.

Amblema gibbosa Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag. 3: 355 [as ‘Potamilus gibbosus’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 315.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 23, 58.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20232, Riv. Ohio.

Unio (Elliptio) aurata Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag. 3: 355 [as ‘Potamilus auratus’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 295.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 40.

Unio (Leptodea) leptodon Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag. 3: 355 [as ‘Potamilus leptodon’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. 88: 426 [as ‘U. (Plagiola) leptodon’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 295, pl. 80, figs. 5-7.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 29, 40.
Type(s): NEOTYPE ANSP_20214, Kentucky River.

Obliquaria (Scalenaria) obliquata Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag. 3: 355 [as ‘Potamilus obliquatus’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. 88: 426 [as ‘U. (Plagiola) obliquatus’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 309.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 29, 53.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20226, Kentucky River.

Obliquaria (Rotundaria) subrotunda Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag. 3: 355 [as ‘Potamilus subrotundus’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. 88: 426 [as ‘U. (Obovaria) subrotunda’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 308, pl. 81, figs. 21-23.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 23, 29, 52.
Type(s): NEOTYPE ANSP_20254, Kentucky River.

Unio (Aximedia) elliptica Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag. 3: 355 [as ‘Potamilus ellipticus’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 296.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 42.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20213, [no locality available - North America].

Unio (Aximedia) zonalis Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag. 3: 355 [as ‘Potamilus zonalis’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 297.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 42.

Unio (Leptodea) nervosa Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag. 3: 355 [as ‘Potamilus nervosus’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 296, pl. 80, figs. 8-10.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 41.

Obliquaria (Ellipsaria) fasciolaris Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag. 3: 355 [as ‘Potamilus fasciolaris’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. 88: 426 [as ‘U. (Plagiola) fasciolaris’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 303.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 29, 48.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20253, Kentucky River.

Unio (Elliptio) nigra Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag. 3: 355 [as ‘Potamilus niger’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 291, pl. 80, figs. 1-4.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 37.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20243, River Ohio.

Unio (Eurynia) latissima Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag. 3: 355 [as ‘Potamilus latissima’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. 88: 426. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 297, pl. 80, figs. 14-15.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 29, 42.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20212, Ohio River.

Unio (Elliptio) fasciata Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag. 3: 355 [as ‘Potamilus fasciatus’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 294.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 40.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20222, Kentucky River.

Unio (Eurynia) solenoides var. nodosa Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag. 3: 355 [as ‘Potamilus nodosus’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 298.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 23, 43.
(intro'd as intra-sp. of Unio (Eurynia) solenoides Rafinesque, 1820)

Obliquaria (Rotundaria) pusilla Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag. 3: 355 [as ‘Potamilus pusillus’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 308.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 23, 52.

Obliquaria (Quadrula) retusa Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag. 3: 355 [as ‘Potamilus retusus’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. 88: 427 [as ‘U. (Obovaria) retusa’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 306, pl. 81, figs. 19-20.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 29, 50.
(renamed Unio premorsus Rafinesque, 1831)
Type(s): NEOTYPE ANSP_20220, Green River.

Obovaria obovalis Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag. 3: 355 [as ‘Potamilus obovalis’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. 88: 426 [as ‘U. (Obovaria) obovalis’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 311.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 23, 29, 54.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20244, Ohio River.

Truncilla truncata Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag. 3: 355 [as ‘Potamilus truncatus’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. 88: 427 [as ‘U. (Truncilla) truncata’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 301.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 29, 46.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20217, Falls of Ohio.

Truncilla triqueter Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag. 3: 355 [as ‘Potamilus triqueter’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. 88: 427 [as ‘U. (Truncilla) triquetra’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 300, pl. 81, figs. 1-4.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 29, 45.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20231, [no locality available - North America].

Taxonomic Opinions

Potamilus alatus Rafinesque, 1818

Potamilus aurata (Rafinesque, 1820)

Potamilus ellipticus (Rafinesque, 1820)

Potamilus fasciatus (Rafinesque, 1820)

Potamilus fasciolaris (Rafinesque, 1820)

Potamilus fragilis (Rafinesque, 1820)

Potamilus gibbosus (Rafinesque, 1820)

Potamilus latissimus

Potamilus leptodon (Rafinesque, 1820)

Potamilus nervosus (Rafinesque, 1820)

Potamilus niger (Rafinesque, 1820)

Potamilus nodosus (Rafinesque, 1820)

Potamilus obliquatus (Rafinesque, 1820)

Potamilus obovalis (Rafinesque, 1820)

Potamilus phaiedrus (Rafinesque, 1818)

Potamilus pusillus (Rafinesque, 1820)

Potamilus retusus (Rafinesque, 1820)

Potamilus subrotundus (Rafinesque, 1820)

Potamilus triqueter (Rafinesque, 1820)

Potamilus truncatus (Rafinesque, 1820)

Potamilus tubercularis Rafinesque, 1818

Potamilus verrucosus (Rafinesque, 1820)

Potamilus violacinus

Potamilus zonalis (Rafinesque, 1820)

Page updated: 15:10:52 Thu 05 Dec 2019

 
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