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Page last updated
Thu 05 Dec 2019

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

This page documents data for Rafinesque (1819), such as genera and species attributed to that publication (including known misspellings, misidentifications, and other unavailable names) as well as taxonomic opinions, if available. Taxonomic opinions refer to uses of genera and species as valid and invalid in that work.

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Publication information

Rafinesque, C.S. 1819. Prodrome de 70 nouveaux genres d'animaux découverts dans l'intérieur des Etats-Unis d'Amérique, durant l'année 1818. Journal de Physique, de Chimie, d'Histoire Naturelle 88: 417-429.

Click here for online access.

Attributed Genus Names

Elliptio Rafinesque, 1819
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. 88: 426.
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 291.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 29, 37.
(intro'd as sub-gen. of Unio Retzius, 1788)
Type species: Unio nigra Rafinesque, 1820 (sub. desig. by Ortmann, 1912: 266) = Elliptio crassidens

Pleurobema Rafinesque, 1819
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. 88: 427.
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 313 [as ‘Pleurobema’].
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 29, 56.
(intro'd as sub-gen. of Unio Retzius, 1788)
Type species: Pleurobema mytiloides Rafinesque, 1820 (sub. desig. by Herrmannsen, 1847: 291) = Pleurobema clava

Proptera Rafinesque, 1819
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. 88: 426.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 29.
(intro'd as sub-gen. of Unio Retzius, 1788; renamed Metaptera Rafinesque, 1820)

Obovaria Rafinesque, 1819
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. 88: 426.
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 310 [as ‘Obovaria’].
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 29, 54.
(intro'd as sub-gen. of Unio Retzius, 1788)
Type species: Unio retusa Lamarck, 1819 (ICZN) = Obovaria retusa

Plagiola Rafinesque, 1819
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. 88: 426.
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 302 [as ‘Obliquaria (Plagiola)’].
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 29, 46.
(intro'd as sub-gen. of Unio Retzius, 1788)
Type species: Obliquaria interrupta Rafinesque, 1820 (sub. desig. by Herrmannsen, 1847: 279) = Ptychobranchus fasciolaris

Truncilla Rafinesque, 1819
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag. 4: 107 [nomen nudum].
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. 88: 427.
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 300.
Rafinesque, 1831, Continuation: 4.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 24, 29, 45, 76.
(intro'd as sub-gen. of Unio Retzius, 1788)
Type species: Truncilla truncata Rafinesque, 1820 (sub. desig. by Herrmannsen, 1849: 628) = Truncilla truncata

Amblema Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. 88: 427.
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 314.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 29, 57.
(intro'd as sub-gen. of Unio Retzius, 1788)
Type species: Amblema costata Rafinesque, 1820 (sub. desig. by Rafinesque, 1831: ??) = Amblema plicata

Eurynia Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. 88: 426.
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 297.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 29, 42.
(intro'd as sub-gen. of Unio Retzius, 1788)
Type species: Unio dilatata Rafinesque, 1820 (sub. desig. by Herrmannsen, 1847: 436) = Eurynia dilatata

Attributed Species Names

Potamilus phaiedrus Rafinesque, 1818
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag. 3: 355. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. 88: 426 [as ‘U. (Proptera) phaiedra’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 29.

Potamilus alatus Rafinesque, 1818
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag. 3: 355. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. 88: 426 [as ‘U. (Proptera) alata’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 29.
(reference to Unio alatus Say, 1817)

Unio (Obovaria) crassa Rafinesque, 1819
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. 88: 427. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 29.

Unio (Pleurobema) conica Rafinesque, 1819
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. 88: 427. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 29.

Unio (Amblema) ovalis Rafinesque, 1819
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. 88: 427. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 29.

Unio (Obovaria) syntoxis Rafinesque, 1819
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. 88: 427. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 29.
(incorrect original spelling of Obliquaria (Sintoxia) sintoxia Rafinesque, 1820)

Obliquaria (Ellipsaria) verrucosa Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag. 3: 355 [as ‘Potamilus verrucosus’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. 88: 426 [as ‘U. (Plagiola) verrucosa’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 304, pl. 81, figs. 10-12.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 23, 29, 48.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20235, Ohio River.

Unio (Leptodea) leptodon Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag. 3: 355 [as ‘Potamilus leptodon’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. 88: 426 [as ‘U. (Plagiola) leptodon’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 295, pl. 80, figs. 5-7.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 29, 40.
Type(s): NEOTYPE ANSP_20214, Kentucky River.

Obliquaria (Scalenaria) obliquata Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag. 3: 355 [as ‘Potamilus obliquatus’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. 88: 426 [as ‘U. (Plagiola) obliquatus’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 309.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 29, 53.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20226, Kentucky River.

Obovaria torsa Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. 88: 427 [as ‘U. (Obovaria) torsa’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 311, pl. 82, figs. 1-3.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 29, 54.
Type(s): NEOTYPE ANSP_20256, Kentucky River.

Obliquaria (Rotundaria) subrotunda Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag. 3: 355 [as ‘Potamilus subrotundus’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. 88: 426 [as ‘U. (Obovaria) subrotunda’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 308, pl. 81, figs. 21-23.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 23, 29, 52.
Type(s): NEOTYPE ANSP_20254, Kentucky River.

Obliquaria (Ellipsaria) fasciolaris Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag. 3: 355 [as ‘Potamilus fasciolaris’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. 88: 426 [as ‘U. (Plagiola) fasciolaris’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 303.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 29, 48.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20253, Kentucky River.

Pleurobema mytiloides Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. 88: 427 [as ‘Unio (Pleurobema) mytiloïdes’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 313, pl. 82, figs. 8-10.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 29, 56.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20223, [no locality available - North America].

Lampsilis pallida Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. 88: 426 [as ‘U. (Proptera) pallida’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 299, footnote.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 29, 44.

Unio (Eurynia) latissima Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag. 3: 355 [as ‘Potamilus latissima’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. 88: 426. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 297, pl. 80, figs. 14-15.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 29, 42.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20212, Ohio River.

Unio (Eurynia) solenoides Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. 88: 426 [as ‘solenoïdes’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 298.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 29, 43.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20204, Ohio River.

Obliquaria (Sintoxia) sintoxia Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. 88: 427 [as ‘U. (Obovaria) syntoxis’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 310.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 29, 54.
(correct name for Unio (Obovaria) syntoxis Rafinesque, 1819)
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20208, Ohio River.

Obliquaria (Quadrula) retusa Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag. 3: 355 [as ‘Potamilus retusus’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. 88: 427 [as ‘U. (Obovaria) retusa’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 306, pl. 81, figs. 19-20.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 29, 50.
(renamed Unio premorsus Rafinesque, 1831)
Type(s): NEOTYPE ANSP_20220, Green River.

Obliquaria (Quadrula) flava Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. 88: 426 [as ‘U. (Plagiola) flava’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 305, pl. 81, figs. 13-14.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 29, 49.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20230, small creeks in Kentucky.

Obovaria obovalis Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag. 3: 355 [as ‘Potamilus obovalis’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. 88: 426 [as ‘U. (Obovaria) obovalis’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 311.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 23, 29, 54.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20244, Ohio River.

Obliquaria (Plagiola) depressa Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. 88: 426 [as ‘Unio (Plagiola) depressa’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 302, pl. 81, figs. 5-7.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 29, 47.
(renamed Unio compressus Rafinesque, 1831)
Type(s): NEOTYPE ANSP_20207, Ohio River.

Truncilla truncata Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag. 3: 355 [as ‘Potamilus truncatus’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. 88: 427 [as ‘U. (Truncilla) truncata’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 301.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 29, 46.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20217, Falls of Ohio.

Unio (Eurynia) dilatata Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. 88: 426. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 297.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 29, 42.
(renamed Obliquaria violacea Rafinesque, 1831)
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20248, Kentucky River.

Truncilla triqueter Rafinesque, 1820
Rafinesque, 1818, Amer. Mon. Mag. 3: 355 [as ‘Potamilus triqueter’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1819, Jour. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat. 88: 427 [as ‘U. (Truncilla) triquetra’]. [nomen nudum]
Rafinesque, 1820, Ann. Gén. Sci. Phys. 5 (13): 300, pl. 81, figs. 1-4.
Rafinesque, 1864, [in] Binney & Tryon, reprint: 22, 29, 45.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE ANSP_20231, [no locality available - North America].

Taxonomic Opinions

Unio (Amblema) ovalis Rafinesque, 1819

Unio (Eurynia) dilatata Rafinesque, 1820

Unio (Eurynia) latissima Rafinesque, 1820

Unio (Eurynia) solenoides Rafinesque, 1820

Unio (Obovaria) crassa Rafinesque, 1819

Unio (Obovaria) obovalis (Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio (Obovaria) retusa (Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio (Obovaria) subrotunda (Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio (Obovaria) syntoxis Rafinesque, 1819

Unio (Obovaria) torsa (Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio (Plagiola) depressa (Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio (Plagiola) fasciolaris (Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio (Plagiola) flava (Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio (Plagiola) leptodon Rafinesque, 1820

Unio (Plagiola) obliquatus (Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio (Plagiola) verrucosa (Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio (Pleurobema) conica Rafinesque, 1819

Unio (Pleurobema) mytiloides (Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio (Proptera) alata (Rafinesque, 1818)

Unio (Proptera) pallida (Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio (Proptera) phaiedra (Rafinesque, 1818)

Unio (Truncilla) triquetra (Rafinesque, 1820)

Unio (Truncilla) truncata (Rafinesque, 1820)

Page updated: 15:09:44 Thu 05 Dec 2019

 
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