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Page last updated
Tue 08 Oct 2019

The Freshwater Mussels (Unionoida) of the World (and other less consequential bivalves)

FM(U)otW(aolcb) is the web version of the MUSSEL Project Database. Follow the links to browse the data or use the custom Google search field. Either way, you win!

This page documents data for Lea (1860), such as genera and species attributed to that publication (including known misspellings, misidentifications, and other unavailable names) as well as taxonomic opinions, if available. Taxonomic opinions refer to uses of genera and species as valid and invalid in that work.

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Publication information

Lea, I. 1860. New Unionidæ of the United States and northern Mexico. Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences 4 [O. 8]: 327-374, pls. 51-66 (Obs. 8, part 1: 9-56).

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Attributed Species Names

Anodonta lewisii Lea, 1857
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 9: 84.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 362 [44], pl. 62, fig. 187.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86595, Mohawk, N.Y.

Unio texasiensis Lea, 1857
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 9: 84.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 359, pl. 61, fig. 184 [as ‘texasensis’].
Type(s): LECTOTYPE USNM_85302, DeWitt Cr., Texas.

Unio bairdianus Lea, 1857
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 9: 102.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 361 [43], pl. 61, fig. 186.
Type(s): POSSIBLE SYNTYPE USNM_85303, Devils R., Texas.

Anodonta modesta Lea, 1857
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 9: 84.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 364 [46], pl. 63, fig. 189.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86534, pond near Kalamazoo, Mich.

Unio berlandierii Lea, 1857
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 9: 101.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 369 [51], pl. 65, fig. 194.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE USNM_84427, Matamoras, Mexico.

Unio popeii Lea, 1857
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 9: 102.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 372 [54], pl. 66, fig. 197.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE USNM_85895, Rio Salado, near Leon, Mexico.

Anodonta henryana Lea, 1857
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 9: 102 [as ‘henryiana’].
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 373 [55], pl. 66, fig. 198.
(correct name for Anodonta henryiana Lea, 1857)
Type(s): LECTOTYPE USNM_86692, Matamoras, Mexico.

Anodonta lacustris Lea, 1857
Lea, 1857, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 9: 84.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 363 [45], pl. 62, fig. 188.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86597, Mohawk, N.Y.

Anodonta danielsii Lea, 1858
Lea, 1858, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 10: 139.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 365 [47], pl. 63, fig. 190.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86426, Topeka, Kas.

Unio virescens Lea, 1858
Lea, 1858, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 10: 40.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 341 [23], pl. 55, fig. 166.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84927, Tuscumbia, Alabama.

Unio rutersvillensis Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 155.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 356 [38], pl. 60, fig. 181.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84976, Clear Creek, Rutersville, Fayette Co., Texas.

Anodonta texasensis Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 113.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 366 [48], pl. 63, fig. 191.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86680, Texas.

Unio houstonensis Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 155.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 358 [40], pl. 60, fig. 183.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85768, Rutersville, Texas.

Unio cacao Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 154.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 344, pl. 56, fig. 169.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85724, Choctahatchee R., W. Florida.

Unio modicellus Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 171.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 347, pl. 57, fig. 172.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84841, Connasauga R., Ga.

Unio jonesii Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 171.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 339, pl. 54, fig. 164.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85257, Euharlee Creek, Georgia.

Unio hallenbeckii Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 170.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 328 [10], pl. 51, fig. 154.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85537, Black Dirt Creek, near Columbus, Georiga.

Unio verutus Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 171.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 335 [17], pl. 53, fig. 160.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85899, Flat Rock Cr., near Columbus, Ga.

Unio baldwinensis Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 170.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 330 [12], pl. 51, fig. 155.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85420, Carter’s Cr., Baldwin Co., N.C. [Georgia].

Unio raeensis Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 171 [as ‘raeénsis’].
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 331 [13], pl. 52, fig. 156 [as ‘raeénsis’].
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85571, Rae Cr., Georgia.

Unio quadratus Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 172.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 338 [20], pl. 54, fig. 163.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85718, Factory Cr., near Columbus, Ga.

Unio latus Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 171.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 334 [16], pl. 53, fig. 159.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85898, Savannah, Ga.

Unio viridiradiatus Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 154.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 336 [18], pl. 53, fig. 161.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_86018, Big Uchee R., bel. Columbus, Ga.

Unio inusitatis Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 171.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 333 [15], pl. 52, fig. 158.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85531, Swift Cr., bel. Macon, Ga.

Unio salebrosus Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 170.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 332 [14], pl. 52, fig. 157.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85574, Flat Rock Cr., near Columbus, Ga.

Unio johannis Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 171.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 343 [25], pl. 55, fig. 168.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84830, Alabama R., Tuscaloosa, Ala.

Unio hepaticus Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 154.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 348 [30], pl. 57, fig. 173.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85559, Salkehatchie R., S. Carolina.

Unio viridans Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 170.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 337 [19], pl. 54, fig. 162.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85579, Columbus, Ga.

Unio forsheyi Lea, 1859
Lea, 1859, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 11: 155.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 357 [39], pl. 60, fig. 182.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84169, Texas.

Unio couchianus Lea, 1860
Lea, 1860, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 12: 305.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 371 [53], pl. 66, fig. 196.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE USNM_85728, Rio Salado, Mexico.

Unio fucatus Lea, 1860
Lea, 1860, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 12: 92.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 353 [35], pl. 59, fig. 178.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84857A, N Alabama.

Unio discrepans Lea, 1860
Lea, 1860, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 12: 92.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 340 [22], pl. 55, fig. 165.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85267, N Alabama.

Unio scitulus Lea, 1860
Lea, 1860, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 12: 93.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 42, pl. 55, fig. 167.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85084, Tuscumbia, Alabama.

Unio linguaeformis Lea, 1860
Lea, 1860, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 12: 305 [as ‘linguæformis’].
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 345, pl. 56, fig. 170 [as ‘linguæformis’].
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85259, Columbus, Ga.

Unio perpictus Lea, 1860
Lea, 1860, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 12: 306.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 350, pl. 58, fig. 175.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85034, Bull R., Tenn.

Unio castus Lea, 1860
Lea, 1860, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 12: 306.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 349 [31], pl. 57, fig. 174.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84782, S.C.

Unio lesleyi Lea, 1860
Lea, 1860, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 12: 306.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 352, pl. 58, fig. 177.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84759, Kentucky.

Unio lindsleyi Lea, 1860
Lea, 1860, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 12: 306.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 351, pl. 58, fig. 176.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84967, Tenn.

Unio camelopardilis Lea, 1860
Lea, 1860, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 12: 92.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 355 [37], pl. 59, fig. 180.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85662, Northern Alabama.

Unio pudicus Lea, 1860
Lea, 1860, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 12: 92.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 346 [28], pl. 56, fig. 171.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_84553, N Alabama.

Unio eightsii Lea, 1860
Lea, 1860, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 12: 306.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 367 [49], pl. 64, fig. 192.
Type(s): LECTOTYPE USNM_83991, Sabinas R., Nuevo Leon, Mexico.

Unio texasensis Lea, 1860
‘Lea’ of Authors.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 359.
Lea, 1870, Synopsis Fam. Naiades: 59.
Simpson, 1900, Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 22: 563.
Ortmann, 1915, Nautilus 28(12): 141.
Utterback, 1916, Amer. Midl. Nat. 4(9): 398.
Gordon et al., 1979, Bull. AMU (1979): 35, Table 3.
Cummings & Mayer, 1992, Freshw. Mussels Midwest (5): 134.
Vidrine, 1993, Histr. Distr. Freshw. Mussels LA: 169.
R.I. Johnson, 1999, Occ. Pap. Moll. 6(77): 34.
Bogan, 2010, FADA: [web].
ITIS, 2012, ITIS: [web].
Haag, 2012, N. Amer. Freshw. Mussels: 70 [as ‘Toxolasma texasensis’].
McMurray et al., 2012, Mo. Freshw. Mussels: 57 [as ‘Toxolasma texasense’].
Marshall et al., 2018, Amer. Malac. Bull. 36(1): 44.
(error for Unio texasiensis Lea, 1857)

Unio quadrans Lea, 1860
Lea, 1860, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 12: 306.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 360 [42], pl. 61, fig. 185.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE ANSP_125601, Texas.

Unio saladoensis Lea, 1860
Lea, 1860, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 12: 305.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 370, [52] pl. 65, fig. 195.
Type(s): TYPE LOCALITY TYPE_LOCALITY_MP_007, Rio Salado, New Leon, Mexico.

Unio cognatus Lea, 1860
Lea, 1860, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 12: 306.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 368 [50], pl. 65, fig. 193.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85004, Rio Salado, N. Leon, Mexico.

Unio dispar Lea, 1860
Lea, 1860, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 12: 305.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 327 [9], pl. 51, fig. 153.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85101, Columbus, Georgia.

Unio planicostatus Lea, 1860
Lea, 1860, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 12: 92.
Lea, 1860, Jour. Acad. Nat. Sci. 4 [O. 8]: 354, pl. 59, fig. 179.
Type(s): HOLOTYPE USNM_85975, Tuscumbia, Ala.

Page updated: 16:06:15 Tue 08 Oct 2019

 
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